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African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species

African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species

Mugerwa, Habibu, Seal, Susan ORCID: 0000-0002-3952-1562, Wang, Hua-Ling, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Kabaalu, Richard, Omongo, Christopher A., Alicai, Titus, Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph, Sseruwagi, Peter and Colvin, John (2018) African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species. Scientific Reports, 8 (1):2734. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:

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Bemisia tabaci whitefly species are some of the world’s most devastating agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors. Elucidation of the phylogenetic relationships in the group is the basis for understanding their evolution, biogeography, gene-functions and development of novel control technologies. We report here the discovery of five new Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) B. tabaci putative species, using the partial mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase 1 gene: SSA9, SSA10, SSA11, SSA12 and SSA13. Two of them, SSA10 and SSA11 clustered with the New World species and shared 84.8‒86.5% sequence identities. SSA10 and SSA11 provide new evidence for a close evolutionary link between the Old and New World species. Re-analysis of the evolutionary history of B. tabaci species group indicates that the new African species (SSA10 and SSA11) diverged from the New World clade c. 25 million years ago. The new putative species enable us to: (i) re-evaluate current models of B. tabaci evolution, (ii) recognise increased diversity within this cryptic species group and (iii) re-estimate divergence dates in evolutionary time.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2018. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bemisia tabaci whitefly species; agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 01 May 2020 12:08

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