Skip navigation

Participatory appraisal of institutional and political constraints and opportunities for innovation to address parasitic weeds in rice

Participatory appraisal of institutional and political constraints and opportunities for innovation to address parasitic weeds in rice

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne ORCID: 0000-0001-9059-9253, Klerkx, Laurens, Hinnou, Léonard C., Kayeke, Juma and Bastiaans, Lammert (2015) Participatory appraisal of institutional and political constraints and opportunities for innovation to address parasitic weeds in rice. Crop Protection, 74. pp. 158-170. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2015.04.011)

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Parasitic weeds in smallholder rice production systems, of which Striga asiatica, Striga hermonthica and Rhamphicarpa fistulosa are the main representatives, form an increasing problem for food and income security in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The objective of this paper is to identify institutional and political constraints and opportunities for innovation to address parasitic weed problems in rice. Constraints and opportunities for innovation were studied across three nested systems: the parasitic weed control system, the crop protection system, and the agricultural system.

Multi-stakeholder workshops, interviews and surveys were held to gather data on key constraints faced by different stakeholder groups across three parasitic weed infested study sites in both Tanzania and Benin. The results demonstrate that in both countries, the majority of institutional and political constraints relate to the functioning of the broader crop protection and agricultural systems and not specifically to parasitic weeds. Although differences were observed between the two countries and the different stakeholder groups, the majority of constraints perceived by the stakeholders were caused by a lack of capabilities and resources and a limited access to credit. Awareness raising of parasitic weed problems among farmers, extension and crop protection officers at the local level, combined with improved input and service supply and enhanced agricultural education and training curricula at the national level, were identified as important elements for improvement. More structural collaboration between key stakeholder groups is expected to contribute to a better recognition of agricultural problems, like that of parasitic weeds in rice, and a more timely identification of feasible solutions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agricultural research for development (AR4D), Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (RAAIS), Rain-fed agriculture, Orobanchaceae, Oryza sativa L.
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Ecosystem Services Research Group
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 14:47
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gm-gala-vip.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19038

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item