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The EXODUS evacuation model applied to building evacuation scenarios

The EXODUS evacuation model applied to building evacuation scenarios

Owen, Matthew, Galea, Edwin R. ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665 and Lawrence, Peter ORCID: 0000-0002-0269-0231 (1996) The EXODUS evacuation model applied to building evacuation scenarios. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 8 (2). pp. 65-84. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:

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The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the potential of the EXODUS evacuation model in building environments. The latest PC/workstation version of EXODUS is described and is also applied to a large hypothetical supermarket/restaurant complex measuring 50 m x 40 m. A range of scenarios is presented where population characteristics (such as size, individual travel speeds, and individual response times), and enclosure configuration characteristics (such as number of exits, size of exits, and opening times of exits) are varied.

The results demonstrate a wide range of occupant behavior including overtaking, queuing, redirection, and conflict avoidance. Evacuation performance is measured by a number of model predicted parameters including individual exit flow rates, overall evacuation flow rates, total evacuation time, average evacuation time per occupant, average travel distance, and average wait time.

The simulations highlight the profound impact that variations in individual travel speeds and occupant response times have in determining the overall evacuation performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evacuation model, Evacuation performance, Exit flow rates
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 08:58

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