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Production of lightweight aggregate from industrial waste and carbon dioxide

Production of lightweight aggregate from industrial waste and carbon dioxide

Gunning, Peter J., Hills, Colin D. and Carey, Paula J. (2009) Production of lightweight aggregate from industrial waste and carbon dioxide. Waste Management, 29 (10). pp. 2722-2728. ISSN 0956-053X (doi:

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The concomitant recycling of waste and carbon dioxide emissions is the subject of developing technology designed to close the industrial process loop and facilitate the bulk-re-use of waste in, for example, construction. The present work discusses a treatment step that employs accelerated carbonation to convert gaseous carbon dioxide into solid calcium carbonate through a reaction with industrial thermal residues. Treatment by accelerated carbonation enabled a synthetic aggregate to be made from thermal residues and waste quarry fines. The aggregates produced had a bulk density below 1000 kg/m3 and a high water absorption capacity. Aggregate crushing strengths were between 30% and 90% stronger than the proprietary lightweight expanded clay aggregate available in the UK. Cast concrete blocks containing the carbonated aggregate achieve compressive strengths of 24 MPa, making them suitable for use with concrete exposed to non-aggressive service environments. The energy intensive firing and sintering processes traditionally required to produce lightweight aggregates can now be augmented by a cold-bonding, low energy method that contributes to the reduction of green house gases to the atmosphere.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] First available online: 4 July 2009. [2] First published in print: October 2009. [3] Published in Waste Management, (2009), Volume 29, Issue 10, pp. 2722–2728.
Uncontrolled Keywords: atmosphere, biomass, chemical analysis, chemical reaction, recycling
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Science (SCI)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2019 15:45
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None

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