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Protecting the Mediterranean: Ottoman responses to maritime violence, 1718-1770

Protecting the Mediterranean: Ottoman responses to maritime violence, 1718-1770

Talbot, Michael ORCID: 0000-0001-7198-1422 (2017) Protecting the Mediterranean: Ottoman responses to maritime violence, 1718-1770. Journal of Early Modern History, 21 (4). pp. 283-317. ISSN 1385-3783 (Print), 1570-0658 (Online) (doi:

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This article examines the evolving role of the Ottoman navy in the mid-eighteenth century in protecting Ottoman seas from maritime violence. Despite enjoying a general peace with its European neighbors, merchant shipping in the waters of the eastern Mediterranean and coastal settlements were frequently subject to seaborne violence from European privateers, Maltese corsairs, and domestic pirates. Based on extensive research in the Ottoman archives, this article analyzes the development of the policy of protection (muḥāfaẓa) through defensive naval patrols, which occurred in conjunction with a strengthening of coastal fortifications and the implementation of innovative legal measures. The aims of this protective policy were to protect domestic and international trade, and to demonstrate imperial authority in Ottoman waters both in response to a demand for protection from subjects in the provinces from local and foreign violence, and as part of strengthening and consolidating Ottoman maritime territoriality in the Mediterranean.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ottoman Empire, Ottoman navy, Maritime history, Coastal history, Piracy, Mediterranean
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > History Research Group (HRG)
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > Department of Literature, Language & Theatre
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2020 00:52
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 4
Selected for REF2021: REF 3

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