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Considering collectives: Roles, members and goals

Considering collectives: Roles, members and goals

Wood, Zena Marie ORCID: 0000-0001-8843-9832 (2016) Considering collectives: Roles, members and goals. In: Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, 283 . IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp. 359-372. ISBN 978-1-61499-659-0 (doi:https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-660-6-359)

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Abstract

There is a growing need across many disciplines to be able to model and reason about groups of individuals (i.e., collectives) resulting in an increased interest within the field of ontology. In previous work a taxonomy of collectives was presented that allowed a user to distinguish the different types of collectives. The taxonomy classified each collective according to five criteria: membership, coherence, location, differentiation of role and depth. However the taxonomy is found to be lacking in terms of: addressing how changes in membership affect the identity of the collective, recognising the importance of role, and its sensitivity to temporal scope. Drawing from existing research this paper discusses how a collective can only be sufficiently characterised by considering the relationship between a collective, its members, the roles that they play and the coherence criteria (i.e., the reason that we consider a phenomenon to be a collective). Preliminary updates are suggested for the taxonomy that will allow collectives to be sufficiently characterised.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Formal Ontology in Information Systems
Additional Information: © 2016 The authors and IOS Press. This article is published online with Open Access by IOS Press and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. *** The 9th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 2016) was held in Annecy, France on July 6th-9th, 2016.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Collective; Role; Membership
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CAM)
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2020 22:34
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT b
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
Selected for REF2021: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16529

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