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Challenges of poor surface water drainage and wastewater management in refugee camps

Challenges of poor surface water drainage and wastewater management in refugee camps

Tota-Maharaj, Kiran (2016) Challenges of poor surface water drainage and wastewater management in refugee camps. Environmental and Earth Ssciences Research Journal, 3 (4). pp. 53-60. ISSN 2369-5668 (Print), 2369-5676 (Online) (doi:

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Since refugee camps are meant to be temporary and setting them up usually require urgency, little attention has been given to provision of surface water drainage and to a lesser extent wastewater management. As the population of refugees in these camps continues to grow, the effectiveness of drainage infrastructure continues to diminish. In addition, availability of sufficient safe drinking water and wastewater management have become difficult in the refugee camps across the world. The present situation in refugee camps across the world, such as flooding and outbreak of water-related diseases in South Sudan refugee camps, has made the need for sustainable approach to solving the problems to be very urgent. One sustainable way of solving the problems of flooding and outbreak of diseases in refugee camps is to provide effective drainage and wastewater infrastructure that ensures all the wastewater are properly collected, treated and reused for various purposes such as agriculture, drinking, laundry and other relevant uses. This paper therefore presents the current state of drainage and wastewater management in two refugee camps and propose low-cost technologies for stormwater management, wastewater collection, treatment and potential reuse, suitable for these refugee camps.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Environmental and Earth Sciences Research Journal (EESRJ) is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drainage; Health; Low-Cost Technologies; Refugees; Wastewater Management
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Engineering (ENG)
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Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 15:20

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