Skip navigation

A survey of calibration-free indoor positioning systems

A survey of calibration-free indoor positioning systems

Hossain, A.K.M. Mahtab and Soh, Wee-Seng (2015) A survey of calibration-free indoor positioning systems. Computer Communications, 66. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0140-3664 (Print), 1873-703X (Online) (doi:

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Last decade observed a significant research effort directed towards indoor localization utilizing location fingerprinting techniques. Fingerprinting solutions generally require a pre-deployment site survey procedure during which a radio-map is constructed by laboriously collecting signal strength samples (e.g., Wi-Fi) over the whole localization area. However, such localization efforts have certain shortcomings. For example, it is time consuming, labor intensive, vulnerable to environmental changes, and the process requires certain pedigree on the surveyor that may deem the fingerprinting techniques impractical to be deployed over large areas (e.g., shopping malls, multi-storey offices/residences, etc.). Newer emerging techniques try to bypass this expensive pre-deployment effort of fingerprinting solutions altogether. They may build the radio-map through the implicit participation of the building occupants, office employee, shoppers, visitors, etc. Apart from the traditional performance comparison criteria like accuracy, precision, robustness, scalability, algorithmic complexity based on which the localization techniques were evaluated, these newer approaches warrant some additional ones. For example, whether they require an actual geographical map of the localization area, the percentage of occasional location fix to ensure reasonable accuracy, the usage of explicit/implicit user participation to construct the radio map, the usage of building landmarks (e.g., entrance, conference room, elevator, escalator, etc.) or additional sensors (e.g., accelerometer, gyroscope, compass, etc.), whether they address device heterogeneity, etc. In this article, we survey the newer emerging fingerprinting solutions that try to relieve the pre-deployment woes. We also identify some newer performance comparison criteria based on these solutions’ inherent characteristics, and apply them together with the traditional ones in order to evaluate a number of such proposed systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indoor positioning system; Location fingerprint; Calibration-free; Site-survey-free; Localization
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Internet of Things and Security Research Centre (ISEC)
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 13:07

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item