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An international survey and full-scale evacuation trial demonstrating the effectiveness of the active dynamic signage system concept

An international survey and full-scale evacuation trial demonstrating the effectiveness of the active dynamic signage system concept

Galea, E.R. ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665, Xie, H., Deere, S., Cooney, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2341-0315 and Filippidis, L. (2016) An international survey and full-scale evacuation trial demonstrating the effectiveness of the active dynamic signage system concept. Fire and Materials, 41 (5). pp. 493-513. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/fam.2414)

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Abstract

Rapid evacuation from large buildings is challenging due to their complex layout making wayfinding difficult. While emergency signage is widely used to aid wayfinding, recent research demonstrates that only 38% of people perceive conventional exit signs. Furthermore, conventional signage only conveys single and passive information and so cannot adapt to changing conditions. The EU FP7 GETAWAY project addresses this problem through the development of a unique and innovative Intelligent Active Dynamic Signage System (IADSS), which routes occupants to their optimal exits during an evolving incident. This paper presents two key steps in the development of the IADSS concept. First, a novel negated signage concept identifying that an exit route is no longer viable was devised and tested using an international survey. The results demonstrate that the negation concept can be clearly understood by over 90% of the sample. The second step involved two full-scale evacuation trials in a rail station that demonstrated that it was possible to direct over 60% of the participants to the targeted exit through the use of the Active Dynamic Signage System (ADSS). The ADSS makes use of the negated signage concept and a development involving a green flashing arrow within the standard emergency exit sign.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human Behaviour; Egress; Human Factors; Signage; Dynamic Signage; Wayfinding
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA)
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG)
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Department of Mathematical Sciences
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Last Modified: 13 Dec 2017 01:38
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15912

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