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Policy packages for modal shift and CO2 reduction in Lille, France

Policy packages for modal shift and CO2 reduction in Lille, France

Papaix, Claire and Hammadou, Hakim (2015) Policy packages for modal shift and CO2 reduction in Lille, France. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 38. pp. 105-116. ISSN 1361-9209 (doi:

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This paper proposes different policy scenarios to cut CO2 emissions caused by the urban mobility of passengers. More precisely, we compare the effects of the ‘direct tool’ of carbon tax, to a combination of ‘indirect tools’ – not originally aimed at reducing CO2 (i.e. congestion charging, parking charges and a reduction in public transport travel time) in terms of CO2 impacts through a change in the modal split. In our model, modal choices depend on individual characteristics, trip features (including the effects of policy tools), and land use at origin and destination zones. Personal “CO2 emissions budgets” resulting from the trips observed in the metropolitan area of Lille (France) in 2006 are calculated and compared to the situation related to the different policy scenarios. We find that an increase of 50% in parking charges combined with a cordon toll of €1.20 and a 10% travel time decrease in public transport services (made after recycling toll-revenues) is the winning scenario. The combined effects of all the policy scenarios are superior to their separate effects.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Uncontrolled Keywords: Low carbon urban mobility, Mode choice model, Congestion tolling, Parking charging, Public transport travel time improvement, Fuel carbon tax
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Department of Systems Management & Strategy
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2020 14:08

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