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The Exalted Column, the Hejaz Railway and imperial legitimation in late Ottoman Haifa

The Exalted Column, the Hejaz Railway and imperial legitimation in late Ottoman Haifa

Talbot, Michael ORCID: 0000-0001-7198-1422 (2015) The Exalted Column, the Hejaz Railway and imperial legitimation in late Ottoman Haifa. Urban History, 42 (02). pp. 246-272. ISSN 0963-9268 (Print), 1469-8706 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1017/S096392681400056X)

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Abstract

This article examines the political and social tensions of late Ottoman Haifa through the history of the Hejaz Railway and a particular monument, the ‘Exalted Column’ (Sütūn-u ʿĀlī), a monument erected in 1903 to commemorate the beginning of Ottoman construction on the Haifa railway branch. By first establishing the use of railways and railway architecture as a means of exerting state power in a comparative and local perspective, the railway structures in Haifa are analysed in the context of that city's other monumental buildings. This then leads to a discussion of the Sütūn-u ʿĀlī as a celebration of Ottoman authority and modernity, and of the developing Ottoman–German alliance. The symbolism of the column's iconography is shown to reflect a variety of problems that the Ottoman state faced in Haifa at the turn of the twentieth century.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ottoman Haifa; Hejaz Railway
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Department of History, Politics & Social Sciences
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2017 14:47
Selected for GREAT 2016: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15483

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