Skip navigation

International Finance

International Finance

Powell, Jeff ORCID: 0000-0001-7962-3101 (2012) International Finance. In: Toporowski, Jan and Michell, Jo, (eds.) Handbook of Critical Issues in Finance. Elgar original reference . Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 172-179. ISBN 9781849803700 (doi:

Full text not available from this repository.


Over 40 years ago, Raymond Goldsmith (1969) developed the financial intermediation ratio to illustrate the steady increase in the ratio of financial assets to money income as a country becomes richer. He anticipated that financial assets would level off at somewhere less than double national income. In recent years, financial assets to GDP have reached as high as eight to ten times GDP, and finance now accounts for over 10 per cent of global economic output. This has led an increasing number of observers of all political stripes to ask again what finance is for. WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL FINANCE? One way to answer this question, admittedly banal and descriptive, is that international finance is that set of institutions, instruments and rules that are concerned with financial flows between countries (see Table 24.1). There are at least two obvious shortcomings to this approach. First is that all of these elements are variously evolving, merging, vanishing and/or proliferating.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: economics and finance, financial economics and regulation, post-keynesian economics
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Department of International Business & Economics
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2020 22:11

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item