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UK and EU subsidies and private R&D investment: Is there input additionality?

UK and EU subsidies and private R&D investment: Is there input additionality?

Ugur, Mehmet ORCID: 0000-0003-3891-3641, Trushin, Esref and Solomon, Edna M. (2015) UK and EU subsidies and private R&D investment: Is there input additionality? [Working Paper]

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Business research and development (R&D) expenditures in the UK is low by international standards. To encourage investment, the UK government has been providing both direct and indirect support. The aim of this paper is to address four inter-related and policy-relevant questions: (i) what do we know about the UK regime for direct grant schemes? (ii) is the UK subsidy complementary or substitute for privately-funded R&D? (iii) does the UK funding regime differ from the EU regime in terms of selection and effect? (iv) does the scope for complementarity/additionality differ between different rates of funding? We address these questions using a rich dataset for more than 44 thousand UK firms from 1998-2012; and a range of treatment-effect estimators with and without control for selection. We report that the EU selection regime is more likely to support firms with long-term R&D plans. In addition, the UK subsidy is not associated with additionality, but the EU subsidy is. Finally, leverage estimations indicate that targeting a particular rate of subsidy is not likely to make a difference to private R&D effort in the UK subsidy case; but an increase in EU subsidy intensity does create leverage among firms that fall between the median and 75th percentile of the subsidy intensity distribution.

Item Type: Working Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: treatment effect; R&D; innovation; UK
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Faculty of Business > Institute of Political Economy, Governance, Finance and Accountability (IPEGFA) > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 12:00
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None

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