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In situ synchrotron radiography and spectrum analysis of transient cavitation bubbles in molten aluminium alloy

In situ synchrotron radiography and spectrum analysis of transient cavitation bubbles in molten aluminium alloy

Tzanakis, I., Xu, W.W., Lebon, Gerard S B, Eskin, D.G., Pericleous, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-9999 and Lee, P.D. (2015) In situ synchrotron radiography and spectrum analysis of transient cavitation bubbles in molten aluminium alloy. Physics Procedia, 70. pp. 841-845. ISSN 1875-3892 (Print), 1875-3884 (Online) (doi:

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The melt processing of conventional and advanced metallic materials with high-intensity ultrasonic vibrations significantly improves the quality and properties of molten metals during their solidification. These improvements are primarily attributed to ultrasonic cavitation: the creation, growth, pulsation, and collapse of bubbles in the liquid. However, the development of practical applications is limited by the lack of fundamental knowledge on the dynamics of the cavitation bubbles; it is very difficult to directly observe ultrasonic cavitation using conventional techniques in molten metals due their high temperature and opaqueness.

In this study, an in situ synchrotron radiography experiment was performed to investigate bubble dynamics in an Al-10 wt.% Cu alloy under an external ultrasound field at 30 kHz. Radiographs with an exposure time of 78 ms were collected continuously during the sonication of molten alloys at temperatures of 660±10 °C. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that transient cavitation bubbles have been observed in liquid aluminium. Quantification of bubble parameters such as average size and time of collapse were evaluated from radiographs using advanced image analysis. Additionally, broadband noise associated with the acoustic emissions from shock waves of transient cavitation bubbles and estimation of the real-time acoustic pressure at the driving frequency were assessed using an advanced high-temperature cavitometer in separate bulk experiments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Proceedings of the 2015 ICU International Congress on Ultrasonics, Metz, France [2] Copyright: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer-review under responsibility of the Scientific Committee of ICU 2015. [3] Acknowledgements (funding): The authors wish to acknowledge financial support from the ExoMet Project (FP7-NMP3-LA-2012-280421), the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) (EP/K005804/1 and EP/I02249X/1), and provision of beamtime on the Diamond Manchester Branchline at Diamond Light Source (expt. MT9082-1).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Molten metals; Ultrasound cavitation; Transient bubbles; Acoustic pressure
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Computational Science & Engineering Group (CSEG)
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Faculty of Engineering & Science
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Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 13:07

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