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Diagnosing bitter pit in apple during storage by chlorophyll fluorescence as a non-destructive Tool

Diagnosing bitter pit in apple during storage by chlorophyll fluorescence as a non-destructive Tool

Mirzaee, M., Rees, D. ORCID: 0000-0003-3541-0424, Colgan, R.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-0653-5845 and Tully, M.S. (2015) Diagnosing bitter pit in apple during storage by chlorophyll fluorescence as a non-destructive Tool. In: V International Conference Postharvest Unlimited. International Society for Horticultural Science, Lemesos, Cyprus, pp. 235-242. ISBN 978-94-62610-71-2 ISSN 0567-7572 (Print), 2406-6168 (Online) (doi:

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Bitter pit is an important physiological disorder of apple that can develop on the tree but is most prevalent during storage. Delaying fruit maturation after harvest through controlled atmosphere storage and application of 1-MCP SmartFreshTM) can delay the onset of symptoms; however, significant losses may occur in long-term stored apples. It is hard to detect internal bitter pit using external examination alone. Current predictive methods are based on destructive internal quality assessments and mineral analysis. A non-destructive method to detect and predict the propensity of fruit to develop bitter pit at harvest and during the early stages of storage would improve store management practices. High risk ‘Bramley’ orchards were identified from over 100 orchards surveyed across the south east of UK in 2010/11. A subsample of susceptible orchards with fruit that consistently developed bitter pit in storage as well as orchards where fruit remained free from problems were selected. Trials were conducted over two consecutive seasons (2012/13 and 2013/14) to evaluate changes of chlorophyll fluorescence in SmartFreshTM treated and untreated ‘Bramley’ apples during storage. The relationship between chlorophyll fluorescence profiles and bitter pit incidence were similar in the presence or absence of SmartFreshTM. In the early stages of storage, the chlorophyll fluorescence profiles were able to distinguish between SmartFreshTM treated and untreated samples and correlated well with fruit maturity, rate of ethylene production and onset of bitter pit; however, they were less discriminatory in determining the severity of bitter pit in long-term storage. The most discriminant chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics correlated to bitter pit were identified. Models have been developed to predict the likely incidence and development of bitter pit during storage, although they are not capable of estimating severity of the disorder.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: V International Conference Postharvest Unlimited
Additional Information: V International Postharvest Unlimited Conference, 10-13th June, 2014, Cyprus.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apple, Chlorophyll Fluorescence, Bitter Pit
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2020 18:47
Selected for GREAT 2016: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 2
Selected for REF2021: REF 3

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