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Accelerated carbonation of municipal solid waste incineration fly ashes

Accelerated carbonation of municipal solid waste incineration fly ashes

Li, Xiaomin, Fernandez Bertos, Marta, Hills, Colin, Carey, Paula and Simon, Stef (2006) Accelerated carbonation of municipal solid waste incineration fly ashes. Waste Management, 27 (9). pp. 1200-1206. ISSN 0956-053X (doi:

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As a result of the EU Landfill Directive, the disposal of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash is restricted to only a few landfill sites in the UK. Alternative options for the management of fly ash, such as sintering, vitrification or stabilization/solidification, are either costly or not fully developed. In this paper an accelerated carbonation step is investigated for use with fly ash. The carbonation reaction involving fly ash was found to be optimum at a water/solid ratio of 0.3 under ambient temperature conditions. The study of ash mineralogy showed the disappearance of lime/portlandite/calcium chloride hydroxide and the formation of calcite as carbonation proceeded. The leaching properties of carbonated ash were examined. Release of soluble salts, such as SO4, Cl, was reduced after carbonation, but is still higher than the landfill acceptance limits for hazardous waste. It was also found that carbonation had a significant influence on lead leachability. The lead release from carbonated ash, with the exception of one of the fly ashes studied, was reduced by 2–3 orders of magnitude.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbonation, Fly ash, Municipal solid waste
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science > Centre for Contaminated Land Remediation Research Group
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2016 01:06

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