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Antenna systems research

Antenna systems research

Keen, Keith Malcolm (1999) Antenna systems research. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

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This thesis is an overview of a number of investigations on antenna systems and related subjects over a period of 28 years, which has resulted in 44 publications in the technical literature, one current patent, and an M.Sc. thesis.

The investigations have been grouped into 7 categories:

- Log periodic antennas,
- Antenna performance measurement techniques,
- Spacecraft Antenna Systems,
- Satcom Terminal Antennas,
- Transmission lines and baluns,
- High Radar Cross Section Reflectors for Spaceborne Radar Calibration,
- Miscellaneous Antenna Investigations.

These investigations have resulted in various outcomes: in new antenna types and in improved antenna configurations; in improved techniques for antenna rf performance evaluation; in new knowledge relating to materials used with spacecraft antenna systems; in the development of computer software and computer-numerical methods for specific purposes; and in the advancement of accurate radar cross section prediction methods for spaceborne radar calibration targets.

In the discipline of log-periodic antennas, a planar 'printed circuit 1 antenna structure has been devised which has a toroidal shaped radiation pattern distribution with horizontal linear polarization. A non-planar form of this radiating structure with a unidirectional beam has also been demonstrated.

Some new techniques for measuring the rf characteristics of antenna systems have been devised. These include special techniques for frequency scaled ship model hf radar antenna measurements, and techniques for measuring scattering from the feed support struts of large Earth station parabolic reflector antennas. A novel method of acquiring near field phase and amplitude data using an interference technique for determining antenna far field performance characteristics by near field to far field data processing transformation has been demonstrated. Correction factors which allow gain comparison measurements to be made in short range length facilities, such as certain types of anechoic chamber, have also been presented. Antenna measurement techniques which are applicable to spacecraft antenna systems have been reviewed.

With regard to spacecraft antenna systems, a number of diverse studies have been carried out, one of which has resulted in the composition of a mathematical procedure for predicting the complex beamshapes of contoured beam satellite reflector antenna systems. Also, experimental work has been described which showed that spacecraft reflector antennas constructed with carbon fibre reinforced plastics do not require metallic surface coatings, and that thermal control paint applied to spacecraft does not cause antenna performance degradation. Other programmes of research involved VHP turnstile antenna systems on large satellites, and future technology, geostationary orbit multi-role satellites with 'plug-in' payloads.

New satcom terminal antenna configurations has been a very important area of research, resulting in high performance circularly polarized antenna configurations for small terminals for maritime, aeronautical and land-mobile applications. A patent has also been granted on a very compact antenna system for a satellite paging receiver.

Many types of antenna require a balun system of some type, often with impedance transformation, for excitation of the radiating elements. A mathematical analysis which allows the design of one type of impedance transforming balun has been presented, and a new microstrip and coaxial cable balun system with progressive quadrature phase output (for the excitation of quadrifilar antennas) has been demonstrated.

Very large radar cross section (RCS) passive radar reflectors are used for the monostatic calibration of spaceborne synthetic aperture radars on Earth resource monitoring satellites. A computer-numerical technique for accurately determining the RCS of these large reflectors was devised and has been extensively used. Other aspects of large radar reflector operation were also investigated, such as RCS reduction due to construction errors and radome covers

Publications relating to a number of other miscellaneous antenna investigations are also included in this thesis. Among these are descriptions and performance details of choked waveguide and printed dipole feeds for parabolic reflector antennas, a special purpose antenna for a remotely piloted vehicle, and some results from an investigation on a double offset reflector antenna system.

The publications which are the subject of this thesis, are introduced here in their historical context, and are presented in the Appendix at the back of this volume.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information:
Uncontrolled Keywords: antenna systems, rf, radar cross section, SATCOM
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 14:47

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