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Synthesis and characterization of new Ti–Bi2O3 anode and its use for reactive dye degradation

Synthesis and characterization of new Ti–Bi2O3 anode and its use for reactive dye degradation

Petrović, Milica M., Mitrović, Jelena Z., Antonijević, Milan D. ORCID: 0000-0002-5847-7886, Matović, Branko, Bojić, Danijela V. and Bojić, Aleksandar Lj. (2015) Synthesis and characterization of new Ti–Bi2O3 anode and its use for reactive dye degradation. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 158. pp. 31-37. ISSN 0254-0584 (doi:

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This paper reports the synthesis, characterization and application of a Ti–Bi2O3 anode for the electrochemical decolorization of the textile dye Reactive Red 2. The anode was synthesized by electrodeposition on a Ti substrate immersed in an acidic bismuth (III) solution at constant potential, followed by calcination in air at 600 °C. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that the electrodeposited material was predominantly metallic bismuth, which was oxidized to pure α-Bi2O3 during the calcination in air. SEM micrographs revealed that the Bi2O3 coat at the anode surface was inhomogeneous and porous. Reactive Red 2 was completely electrochemically decolorized at the synthesized anode in the presence of H2O2. The applied current density, H2O2 and Na2SO4 concentration, medium pH and initial dye concentration affected the dye decolorization rate. The optimal process parameters were found to be as follows: an applied current density of 40 mA cm−2 using a mixture of 10 mmol dm−3 H2O2 and 10 mmol dm−3 Na2SO4 at pH 7. The dye decolorization rate was shown to decrease as its initial concentration increased. The decolorization reactions were found to follow pseudo-first order kinetics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Acknowledgement (funding): The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Education and Science of Serbia for supporting this work (Grant No ТR 34008). [2] This is the Author's Accepted Manuscript version, uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. Please note: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as editing, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. The definitive version is available at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: coatings, electrochemical techniques, surfaces, oxidation
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2017 09:46

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