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Combined permeable pavement and photocatalytic titanium dioxide oxidation system for urban run-off treatment and disinfection

Combined permeable pavement and photocatalytic titanium dioxide oxidation system for urban run-off treatment and disinfection

Tota-Maharaj, Kiran and Scholz, Miklas (2013) Combined permeable pavement and photocatalytic titanium dioxide oxidation system for urban run-off treatment and disinfection. Water and Environment Journal, 27 (3). pp. 338-347. ISSN 1747-6585 (Print), 1747-6593 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-6593.2012.00350.x)

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Abstract

Permeable pavement systems (PPS) are frequently associated with high removal efficiencies for water quality parameters. Their effluent can, therefore, be recycled, for example, for sprinkling onto gardens. Nevertheless, some stakeholders fear that potentially pathogenic organisms within the treated run-off could be too high, and therefore they request disinfection before recycling. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to assess the efficiency of a batch flow combined titanium dioxide (TiO2) and ultraviolet (UV) light photocatalytic reactor in removing water-borne microbial contaminants from the effluent of PPS. Combined TiO2 and UV photocatalytic reaction times between 80 and 100 min were required for the complete removal of Escherichia coli, total coliforms and faecal Streptococci, which had mean initial counts of 1.5 × 107, 4.4 × 106 and 6.9 × 105 colony-forming units (CFU) per 100 mL, respectively. In comparison, UV disinfection alone resulted in insignificant microbial removal. Suspended TiO2 powder was more effective than small immobilised TiO2 crystals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Escherichia coli, faecal Streptococci, hydroxyl radical, microbial pollutants, photochemical bacterial inactivation, total coliforms, water quality, water reuse
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 10:39
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13099

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