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Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems

Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems

Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter ORCID: 0000-0002-0269-0231, Galea, Edwin ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665 and Blackshields, Darren (2008) Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, London, UK, pp. 389-400. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:https://doi.org/10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389)

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Abstract

This paper describes the introduction of chained signage systems into evacuation simulation models. Signage systems are widely used in buildings to provide information for wayfinding, thereby providing exiting information during emergencies and assisting in navigation during normal circulation of pedestrians.

Recently a system was developed to introduce simple signs into egress models. The system, known as Visibility Catchment Area or VCA, allowed similated agents to interact with signs which point directly to an exit and signs which are located directly above the exit. However, this approach was not able to represent the more general situation of a sign netwokr within an arbitrarily complex building. In this paper we extend the method to include chained signage systems which provides simulated agents that are unfamiliar with the structure a means by which to navigate to an emergency exit.

The model includes the associated navigation behaviours exhibited by occupants that rely on a signage system for navigation including: Searching behaviours, Backtracking behaviours, Lost behaviours and Communication behaviours. The new features are demonstrated through a series of demonstration cases and are shown to produce plausible results.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium
Additional Information: [1] This paper was first presented at The Ninth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science held from 21-26 September 2008 at the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. The Symposium was organized by the International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS) and co-hosted by the German Fire Protection Association (Vereinigung zur Förderung des Deutschen Brandschutzes, VFDB), with the local organization by the Research Centre for Fire Protection Technology (Forschungsstelle für Brandschutztechnik) at the University of Karlsruhe. [2] This paper was given within the Evacuation and Human Behavior Section of the Symposium.
Uncontrolled Keywords: building evacuation, wayfinding, signage, human behaviour, egress modelling, evacuation modelling
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > TH Building construction
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:03
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1286

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