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Behavioural, emotional, and cognitive responses in European disasters: results of survivor interviews

Behavioural, emotional, and cognitive responses in European disasters: results of survivor interviews

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn ORCID: 0000-0001-5582-3520, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2013) Behavioural, emotional, and cognitive responses in European disasters: results of survivor interviews. Disasters, 38 (1). pp. 62-83. ISSN 0361-3666 (Print), 1467-7717 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/disa.12034)

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Abstract

In the European multi-centre study BeSeCu (Behaviour, Security, Culture), interviews were conducted in seven countries to explore survivors’ emotional, behavioural, and cognitive responses during disasters. Interviews, either in groups or one-to-one, were convened according to type of event: collapse of a building; earthquake; fire; flood; and terror attack. The content analysis of interviews resulted in a theoretical framework, describing the course of the events, behavioural responses, and the emotional and cognitive processing of survivors. While the environmental cues and the ability to recognise what was happening varied in different disasters, survivors’ responses tended to be more universal across events, and most often were adaptive and non-selfish. Several peri-traumatic factors related to current levels of post-traumatic stress were identified, while memory quantity did not differ as a function of event type or post-traumatic stress. Time since the event had a minor effect on recall. Based on the findings, several suggestions for emergency training are made.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The Author's Accepted Manuscript is attached to this GALA record. This is the accepted version of the following article: Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2014) Behavioural, emotional, and cognitive responses in European disasters: results of survivor interviews. Disasters, 38 (1). pp. 62-83. ISSN 0361-3666 (Print), 1467-7717 (Online) (doi:10.1111/disa.12034). FIRST published: 10 December 2013
Uncontrolled Keywords: disaster, interview, qualitative research, traumatic memory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 13:53
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12283

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