Skip navigation

BeSeCu-S – a self-report instrument for emergency survivors

BeSeCu-S – a self-report instrument for emergency survivors

Knuth, Daniela, Kehl, Doris, Galea, Ed ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665, Hulse, Lynn ORCID: 0000-0001-5582-3520, Sans, Jordi, Vallès, Lola, Roiha, Malin, Seidler, Frank, Diebe, Eberhard, Kecklund, Lena, Petterson, Sara, Wolanin, Jerzy, Beltowski, Grzegorz, Preiss, Marek, Sotolárová, Marie, Holubová, Marketa, Sofuoglu, Turhan, Sofuoglu, Zeynep Baskaya, Pietrantoni, Luca, Saccinto, Elisa and Schmidt, Silke (2013) BeSeCu-S – a self-report instrument for emergency survivors. Journal of Risk Research, 17 (5). pp. 601-620. ISSN 1366-9877 (Print), 1466-4461 (Online) (doi:

PDF (Authhor Accepted Manuscript)
12282_GALEA_HULSE_(AAM)_(2013).pdf - Accepted Version

Download (785kB)
[img] PDF (Acceptance Email)
12282_HULSE_(Acceptance_Email)_(2014).pdf - Additional Metadata
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (51kB) | Request a copy


Little intercultural research with standardised instruments has been conducted regarding survivors’ responses (i.e. their emotions, cognitions and activities) to emergency situations. Based on results from focus groups, with survivors and experts, as well as a pre-test, a standardised psychological instrument was developed: the BeSeCu-S (Behaviour, Security, and Culture – Survivor). The BeSeCu-S is a questionnaire for people who have experienced an emergency situation where lives and property were threatened and evacuation from a structure was a valid option. It is subdivided into four main stages of such an event: Beginning, Realisation, Evacuation and Aftermath. A total of 1112 survivors from eight different countries and five different emergency situations took part in the field study. The results indicate that the questionnaire can enable researchers to analyse survivors’ responses in relation to pre-, peri- and post-event factors (e.g. emergency knowledge, time to begin evacuating, injuries and post-traumatic stress symptoms). Additionally, analyses across different nationalities, event types and stages of an event appear possible.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: emergency, behaviour, survivors
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA)
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG)
Faculty of Engineering & Science > School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences (CMS)
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 13:08

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics