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Risk perception, experience, and objective risk: A cross-national study with European emergency survivors

Risk perception, experience, and objective risk: A cross-national study with European emergency survivors

Knuth, Daniela, Kehl, Doris, Hulse, Lynn ORCID: 0000-0001-5582-3520 and Schmidt, Silke (2014) Risk perception, experience, and objective risk: A cross-national study with European emergency survivors. Risk Analysis, 34 (7). pp. 1286-1298. ISSN 0272-4332 (Print), 1539-6924 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/risa.12157)

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Abstract

Understanding public risk perceptions and their underlying processes is important in order to learn more about the way people interpret and respond to hazardous emergency events. Direct experience with an involuntary hazard has been found to heighten the perceived risk of experiencing the same hazard and its consequences in the future, but it remains unclear if cross‐over effects are possible (i.e., experience with one hazard influencing perceived risk for other hazards also). Furthermore, the impact of objective risk and country of residence on perceived risk is not well understood. As part of the BeSeCu (Behavior, Security, and Culture) Project, a sample of 1,045 survivors of emergencies from seven European countries (i.e., Germany, the Czech Republic, Poland, Sweden, Spain, Turkey, and Italy) was drawn. Results revealed heightened perceived risk for emergency events (i.e., domestic and public fires, earthquakes, floods, and terrorist attacks) when the event had been experienced previously plus some evidence of cross‐over effects, although these effects were not so strong. The largest country differences in perceived risk were observed for earthquakes, but this effect was significantly reduced by taking into account the objective earthquake risk. For fires, floods, terrorist attacks, and traffic accidents, only small country differences in perceived risk were found. Further studies including a larger number of countries are welcomed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Knuth, Daniela, Kehl, Doris, Hulse, Lynn and Schmidt, Silke (2014) Risk perception, experience, and objective risk: A cross-national study with European emergency survivors. Risk Analysis, 34 (7). pp. 1286-1298. ISSN 0272-4332 (Print), 1539-6924 (Online) (doi:10.1111/risa.12157). This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. FIRST published: 24 December 2013.
Uncontrolled Keywords: hazard experience, objective risk, risk perception, BeSeCu (Behavior, Security, and Culture)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 15:13
Selected for GREAT 2016: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12263

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