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The allocation of labour to perennial crops

The allocation of labour to perennial crops

Blowfield, M. (1993) The allocation of labour to perennial crops. NRI Socio-economic Series, 3 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-360-9

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The production of perennial crops by smallholders has played an important part in many developing economies, something that is no less true in the stabilization and structural adjustment era today than it was in colonial or post-colonial times. Yet, as this review shows, knowledge about smallholder perennial crop production systems is sporadic and incomplete. This is especially so concerning the non-price related opportunities and constraints which determine under what conditions smallholders are inclined to produce perennial crops. This is a review of material published since the 1940s which shows the factors involved in labour decisionmaking: the interaction of family and hired labour, longand short-term contracts; the effect of different kinship systems; and of gender and age. It also looks at the threats posed by HN/AIDS and natural disasters. The review shows how labour can determine what crops are grown as well as the way crops and seasonality impose their own restrictions on the choice of labour. The conclusions show the importance of taking account of the decision-making process concerning labour during policy planning as well as the limitations labour imposes on perennial crop production. They also identify gaps in current knowledge and suggest areas for further research.

Item Type: Book
Additional Information: [1] ISSN: 0967-0548
Uncontrolled Keywords: perennial, agriculture, development, smallholder, production, labour, opportunities, constraints
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science
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Last Modified: 27 Nov 2019 14:25

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