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Effect of current stressing on the reliability of 63Sn37Pb solder joints

Effect of current stressing on the reliability of 63Sn37Pb solder joints

Wu, B.Y., Chan, Y.C, Zhong, H.W. and Alam, M.O. (2007) Effect of current stressing on the reliability of 63Sn37Pb solder joints. Journal of Materials Science, 42 (17). pp. 7415-7422. ISSN 0022-2461 (Print), 1573-4803 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-007-1836-y)

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Abstract

The effect of current stressing on the reliability of 63Sn37Pb solder joints with Cu pads was investigated at temperatures of −5 °C and 125 °C up to 600 h. The samples were stressed with 3 A current (6.0 × 102 A/cm2 in the solder joint with diameter of 800 μm and 1.7 × 104 A/cm2 in the Cu trace with cross section area of 35 × 500 μm). The temperatures of the samples and interfacial reaction within the solder joints were examined. The microstructural change of the solder joints aged at 125 °C without current flow was also evaluated for comparison. It was confirmed that the current flow could cause the temperature of solder joints to rise rapidly and remarkably due to accumulation of massive Joule heat generated by the Cu trace. The solder joints stressed at 125 °C with 3 A current had an extensive growth of Cu6Sn5 and Cu3Sn intermetallic compounds (IMC) at both top and bottom solder-to-pad interfaces. It was a direct result of accelerated aging rather than an electromigration or thermomigration effect in this experiment. The kinetic is believed to be bulk diffusion controlled solid-state reaction, irrespective of the electron flow direction. When stressed at −5 °C with 3 A current, no significant change in microstructure and composition of the solder joints had occurred due to a very low diffusivity of the atoms as most Joule heat was eliminated at low temperature. The IMC evolution of the solder joints aged at 125 °C exhibited a subparabolic growth behavior, which is presumed to be a combined mechanism of grain boundary diffusion and bulk diffusion. This is mainly ascribed to the retardant effect against the diffusion course by the sufficiently thick IMC layer that was initially formed during the reflow soldering.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: current stressing, 63Sn37Pb solder joints, interfacial reaction, Cu trace
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Computational Mechanics & Reliability Group
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:03
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1172

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