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Classification of the Heliothinae (NRI Bulletin No. 44)

Classification of the Heliothinae (NRI Bulletin No. 44)

Matthews, Marcus (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae (NRI Bulletin No. 44). [Working Paper]

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The history of the classification of the sub-family Heliothinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and the nomenclatural problems that have been associated with Heliothis, are reviewed. Evidence for the monophyly of the Heliothinae is presented and discussed, followed by evidence for the monophyly of the Stiriinae. Certain Old World and South American species formerly included in the sub-family Noctuidae: Amphipyrinae are shown to be stiriines, the first time taxa outside North and Central America have been referred to this subfamily. The systematic relationship between the Heliothinae and the Stiriinae is discussed. The genera recognized in this study are listed. Two genera and one species are described as new, eight generic synonymies and 88 new combinations are proposed. Characters used in heliothine classification from the adults and the immature stages are reviewed and analysed. Host-plant information is presented, and its value for illuminating relationships within the subfamily assessed. Lifehistory strategy information is similarly treated. The various groupings within the Heliothinae supported by this study are presented, with a discussion of relationships. Seven hundred and twenty five scanning electron micrographs, light micrographs, and photographs, together with 46 line drawings, are presented to illustrate the features of heliothine morphology from all life-history stages, and certain aspects of heliothine biology, considered in the text.

Item Type: Working Paper
Additional Information: [1] ISBN 0 85954 292-0 [2] Acknowledgements: This research was supported by a British Museum (Natural History) Studentship from 1983-1987; I am indebted to the Trustees of the Museum for this assistance, and I would like to thank Dr LA Mound, Keeper of Entomology, for the use of the collections and facilities in his Department. I wish to thank my Museum supervisor, Dr I J Kitching, for much painstaking help, and Professor Brian Gardiner, my Director of Studies, who ensured that at all times I had a smooth passage through the administration of London University. In the Museum, special thanks are due to my colleagues on the Macrolepidoptera Section: Mr DJ Carter, Mr D T Goodger, Mr M R Honey, Dr M J Scoble, and Mr A Watson. In the rest of the Museum I wish to thank the following: Miss E Adams, Miss S Barnes, Mr P Crabb, Dr C J Humphries, Or P Forey, Dr I D Gauld, Miss P Gilbert, Dr J S Noyes, Mr T Parmenter, Mr J Phillips, Dr B R Pitkin, Dr G S Robinson, Dr K S Sattler, Mr C R Smith, Mr J Spratt, and Dr D Williams. Professor W Blaney (London University) kindly provided me with freshly killed larvae of Heliothis virescens from his cultures. Dr Hardwick provided me with much advice and information through correspondence, and I consider myself very fortunate to have accompanied him in the field in Arizona and California in 1986. I am indebted to Dr J E Rawlins (Carnegie lnstitue), Professor J G Franclemont (Cornell University), Dr F Rindge for the loan of slide material from the American Museum of Natural History, New York, Or R W Poole (Smithsonian Institution), Dr C Mitter (University of Maryland), and Dr D Lafontaine for arranging a large loan from the Canadian National Collection in the Biosystematics Research Institute, Ottawa. I am grateful to Dr N D Jago and Dr T Wood (NRI) through whose offices it has been possible to publish this work in the NRI bulletin series. The help of Mr J P Grunshaw (NRI) is also greatly appreciated. In the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International Institute of Entomology (Cl E), I wish to thank Dr KM Harris and Dr J D Holloway for their interest and assistance in the work on Heliocheilus in Africa, and Dr A Polaszek who very kindly drew the illustrations of heads in this bulletin.
Uncontrolled Keywords: heliothinae, classification, heliothinae classification, lepidoptera noctuidae, monophyly, stiriinae, morphology
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science
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Last Modified: 28 Nov 2019 15:18

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