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Evidence to support the hypothesis that promoting vibrations enhance the rate of an enzyme catalyzed H-tunneling reaction

Evidence to support the hypothesis that promoting vibrations enhance the rate of an enzyme catalyzed H-tunneling reaction

Pudney, Christopher R., Hay, Sam, Levy, Colin, Pang, Jiayun, Sutcliffe, Michael J., Leys, David and Scrutton, Nigel S. (2009) Evidence to support the hypothesis that promoting vibrations enhance the rate of an enzyme catalyzed H-tunneling reaction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131 (47). pp. 17072-17073. ISSN 0002-7863 (Print), 1520-5126 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1021/ja908469m)

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Abstract

In recent years there has been a shift away from transition state theory models for H-transfer reactions. Models that incorporate tunneling as the mechanism of H-transfer are now recognized as a better description of such reactions. Central to many models of H-tunneling is the notion that specific vibrational modes of the protein and/or substrate can increase the probability of a H-tunneling reaction, modes that are termed promoting vibrations. Thus far there has been limited evidence that promoting vibrations can increase the rate of H-transfer. In the present communication we examine the single hydride transfer from both NADPH and NADH to FMN in the reductive half-reaction of pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase (PETNR). We find that there is a significant promoting vibration with NADPH but not with NADH and that the observed rate of hydride transfer is significantly (approximately 15x) faster with NADPH. We rule out differences in rate due to variation in driving force and the donor-acceptor distance, suggesting it is the promoting vibration with NADPH that is the origin of the increased observed rate. This study therefore provides direct evidence that promoting vibrations can lead to an increase in rate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrogen transfer, promoting vibrations, PETNR,
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:12
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10611

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