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“Prehabilitation” prior to CABG surgery improves physical functioning and depression

“Prehabilitation” prior to CABG surgery improves physical functioning and depression

Furze, Gill, Dumville, Jo C., Miles, Jeremy N.V., Irvine, Karen, Thompson, David R. and Lewin, Robert J.P. (2008) “Prehabilitation” prior to CABG surgery improves physical functioning and depression. International Journal of Cardiology, 132 (1). pp. 51-58. ISSN 0167-5273 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.06.001)

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Abstract

Background: Many patients demonstrate psychological distress and reduced physical activity before coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Here we evaluated the addition of a brief, cognitive-behavioural intervention (the HeartOp Programme) to routine nurse counselling for people waiting for CABG surgery.

Methods: Randomised controlled trial comparing nurse counselling with the HeartOp programme to routine nurse counselling in 204 patients awaiting first time elective CABG. Primary outcome measures were: anxiety and length of hospital stay; secondary outcome measures were: depression, physical functioning, cardiac misconceptions and cost utility. Measures were collected prior to randomisation and after 8 weeks of their intervention prior to surgery, excepting length of hospital stay which was collected after discharge following surgery.

Results: 100 patients were randomised to intervention, 104 to control. At follow-up there were no differences in anxiety or length of hospital stay. There were significant differences in depression (difference=7.79, p=0.008, 95% CI=2.04–13.54), physical functioning (difference=0.82, p=0.001, 95%CI=0.34–1.3) and cardiac misconceptions (difference=2.56, pb0.001, 95%CI=1.64–3.48) in favour of the HeartOp Programme. The only difference to be maintained following surgery was in cardiac misconceptions. The HeartOp Programme was found to have an Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) of £288.83 per Quality-Adjusted Life Year.

Conclusions: Nurse counselling with the HeartOp Programme reduces depression and cardiac misconceptions and improves physical functioning before bypass surgery significantly more than nurse counselling alone and meets the accepted criteria for cost efficacy.
© 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] The International Journal of Cardiology is affiliated with the International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease. [2] First published online: 15 August 2008. [3] Published in print: 6 February 2009. [3] Published as: International Journal of Cardiology, (2009), Vol. 132, pp. 51–58.
Uncontrolled Keywords: pre-operative care, coronary artery bypass, self-care, cognitive-behavioural treatment
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Social Work & Health Development
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:25
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10434

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