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Comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates

Comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates

Rizvi, M.J., Bailey, Christopher ORCID: 0000-0002-9438-3879, Chan, Y.C. and Lu, Hua ORCID: 0000-0002-4392-6562 (2006) Comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates. 1st Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference. Dresden, Saxony, Germany. 2006 proceedings. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 145-151. ISBN 142440553X (doi:https://doi.org/10.1109/ITHERM.2006.1645436)

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Abstract

Electronic packaging industries are now in great challenge to find a suitable lead-free solder as an interconnection material to replace the conventional SnPb solders. Many solders such as SnCu, SnAg, SnAgCu, SnZn, SnBi have already been proposed as the replacement but none of them has reached the physical and metallurgical properties similar to the SnPb solder. However, wetting is one of the basic problems that make the lead-free solder inferior as compared to the SnPb solder. Therefore, alloying with the help of third, fourth or fifth element is the researchers' interest to improve the wetting behavior of lead-free solders. This paper describes the comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates. Wetting balance tests were performed to assess the wetting behaviors. Three different commercial fluxes namely no-clean (NC), non-activated (R) and water soluble organic acid (WS)fluxes were used to assess the wettability for three solder bath temperatures. It was found that Sn0.7Cu-03Ni solder exhibits better wettability on Cu substrate for NC and WS fluxes whereas reverse results were found for R-type flux. In the case of Ni substrate, Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solder showed better wetting behavior compared to the well-known Sn-0.7Cu solder. Among the three fluxes, R-type flux showed the worst performance. Very large contact angles were documented for both solders with this flux. Higher solder bath temperature lowered the contact angles, increased the wetting forces and enhanced the wettability. Computer modeling of wetting balance test revealed that both the wetting force and meniscus height are inversely proportional to the contact angles. Modeling results also reveal that increase in solder bath depths and radiuses do not affect significantly on the wetting behavior.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: This paper forms part of the Proceedings of the 1st Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference (ESTC 2006). Dresden, Germany, 5-7 September 2006.
Uncontrolled Keywords: solder, joints, electronic packaging, wetting, computer modelling
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Computational Mechanics & Reliability Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Computer Science
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Computer Systems Technology
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 14:08
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1041

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