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A distributed decision support system for building evacuation

A distributed decision support system for building evacuation

Filippoupolitis, Avgoustinos and Gelenbe, Erol (2009) A distributed decision support system for building evacuation. In: 2nd Conference on Human System Interactions, 2009. HSI '09. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 323-330. ISBN 9781424439591 ISSN 2158-2246 (Print), 2158-2254 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1109/HSI.2009.5091000)

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Abstract

The evacuation of a building is a challenging problem, since the evacuees most of the times do not know or do not follow the optimal evacuation route. Especially during an ongoing hazard present in the building, finding the best evacuation route becomes harder as the conditions along the paths change in the course of the evacuation procedure. In this paper we propose a distributed system that will compute the best evacuation routes in real-time, while a hazard is spreading inside the building. The system is composed of a network of decision nodes and sensor nodes, positioned in specific locations inside the building. The recommendations of the decision nodes are computed in a distributed manner, at each of the decision nodes, which then communicate them to evacuees or rescue personnel located in their vicinity. We evaluate our proposed system in various emergency scenarios, using a multi-agent simulation platform for building evacuation. Our results indicate that the presence of the system improves the outcome of the evacuation with respect to the evacuation time and the injury level of the evacuees.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: 2nd Conference on Human System Interactions, 2009. HSI '09.
Additional Information: [1] 2nd International Conference on Human System Interaction held in Catania, Italy, from 21-23 May 2009. [2] Proceedings published in HSI'09. Edited by Lucia Lo Bello and Giancarlo Iannizzotto. [3] Print ISBN: 978-1-4244-3959-1; E-ISBN: 978-1-4244-3960-7.
Uncontrolled Keywords: building hazard, distributed decision support system, emergency response procedure, multiagent building evacuation simulation platform, optimal evacuation route
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Smart Systems Technologies
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:25
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10320

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