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Distributed building evacuation simulator for smart emergency management

Distributed building evacuation simulator for smart emergency management

Dimakis, Nikolaos, Filippoupolitis, Avgoustinos and Gelenbe, Erol (2010) Distributed building evacuation simulator for smart emergency management. The Computer Journal, 53 (9). pp. 1384-1400. ISSN 0010-4620 (Print), 1460-2067 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/comjnl/bxq012)

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Abstract

We describe a distributed simulation tool which addresses the unique needs for the simulation of emergency response scenarios. The simulation tool adopts the multi-agent paradigm, so as to facilitate the modelling of diverse and autonomous agents, and it provides mechanisms for the interaction of the entities that are being simulated. It operates in a distributed fashion to reduce the simulation time required for such large-scale systems. The simulation tool represents the individuals that need to be evacuated, the resources that contribute to the evacuation including human rescuers, and other active resources and entities which may include robots and which can autonomously interact with the environment and with each other and take individual or collaborative decisions. We illustrate the tool with an application and compare the results for both centralized and distributed execution. Our results also show the significant reduction in execution time that is achieved for different degrees of distribution of the simulator on multiple servers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Published in The Computer Journal (2010), 53 (9) - Special Focus on: Decentralised Data and Information Systems: Theory and Practice. [2] First published online: February 22, 2010. [3] The Computer Journal is published by Oxford University Press on behalf of BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT.
Uncontrolled Keywords: distributed building evacuation simulator, smart emergency management
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Smart Systems Technologies
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:25
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10319

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