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'NASPOT 11' (2R (2S (3Z • 6Z • 9Z)-heneicosatriene (3Z • 6Z)-cis-9 (CMD) (E (EACMV) (OFSP) (S (S )-2-hydroxy-3-decanone (Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene 1-MCP 1-methylcyclopropene 10- 10-epoxyheneicosadiene 2-acetoxy-5-undecanone 2-acetoxyundecane 2-arylbenzofurans 2-undecanol 2-undecanone 27 ethylene 3 dihydroxyoctane 3-hydroxy-2-decanone 4’-O-methylepigallocatechin 6 8Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene 8Z)-2-butyroxy-8-heptadecene(2S 8Z)-8-heptadecen-2-ol [beta]-amylase abstracts Abundance ACC synthase acceptability Acoustic behaviour ACS1 activity-guided isolation Acyrthosiphon pisum Adansonia digitata adaptation adaptive capacity adaptive resource management Aedes aerial spraying affective test aflatoxin Africa african agriculture African armyworm African crop pests African diatomaceous earths African trypanosomiasis African wild yobacco Ageratum yellow vein virus (AJ810825) Aggregate distribution aggregation pheromone agitation agricultural extension services agricultural intensification agricultural management agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors agricultural production agriculture agriculture research for development agro-ecosystem agroecology agroforest agroforestry agroforestry systems agromorphological trait agronomy aid shipments alata Alectra Aleyrodes lonicerae Aleyrodes proletella Aleyrodidae alkaloid content Herbivory Alkaloids Allium cepa Alphabaculovirus aman rice Amaranthus hybridus aminoethoxyvinylglycine ethylene Analytical Hierarchy Process analytical methods Andes anemia animal feed animal forage Animal health Anopheles arabiensis Anopheles gambiae complex anthocyanins Anthonomus rubi anti-juvenile hormones antibacterial antifungal antioxidant Antioxidants aphid aphid sitobion-avenae aphid-transmitted potyvirus aphids APHLIS Apple apple leaf curling midge application aqueous plant extracts Arabidopsis architecture arid lands Armyworm armyworm moth arrestant arrestment Artemisia annua Artemisinin arthropod artisanal rice parboiling Arylbenzofuran ascorbic acid Ashanti region Asia Asian asparagus assessment method assimilation attracticide attraction augmentation auxin avocado axillary shoot multiplication Azadirachta bacilliform virus Bacillus thuringiensis bacterial diversity Bactericera cockerelli baculovirus baculoviruses badnavirus bag container bagstacks balantine nut BALB/c mice bamboo masting banana banana bunchy top virus banana-streak-virus bands Bangaladesh Bangladesh Barind Tract barley Bayesian approach Bayesian hierarchical modelling beans Becker-DeGroot-Marschak mechanism Bees begomorovirus begomovirus begomovirus (sweepovirus) begomoviruses behavioural bioassay Bemisia afer Bemisia after Bemisia tabaci Bemisia tabaci whitefly species bench terraces beneficial insect predators beneficiary benefits Betabaculovirus Bi-threshold value bibliography Bidens pilosa big vein disease bioaccessibility biochar biochemistry biodiversity biofortification biofortified cassava Biofortified crops Biofuel crops biofuels Bioko Biological control biological control agents biopesticide biopesticides Biorational pest management Biosecurity biosynthesis Biotechnology biotype biotypes bird pest control bird predation Bisabolene Bistability black bean aphid bobgunnia madagascariensis Bombus terrestris boneset Borders boron bostrichidae botanical insecticide botanical insecticides botanical protectants Botrytis gray mold Botswana box container brasicca Brassica brassica crops Brassica horticulture Brassica oleracea breeding Breteau index Brexit Brindley’s gland Broccoli broken grains (brokens) Brong-Ahafo broomrape brown locust bruchid bruchids BSMV BT Bt cotton Bt-cotton Buchnera aphidicola Buchnera hispida Bud weevils bulblets bulk container bulk maize C. brunneus Fabricius C.A.F.E. Practices CAAPD cabbage whitefly caffeic acid ester calactin calibration Callosobruchus Callosobruchus maculatus callus culture calotropin canna carbohydrates carbon carbon dioxide carbon footprinting carbon sequestration carbon stocks carbon storage Caribbean carlavirus carotenoid Carotenoid bioavailability carotenoid degradation carotenoid losses carotenoids cashew nut cassava cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) cassava brown streak viruses cassava farming cassava flour cassava mosaic disease cassava mosaic geminiviruses cassava mosaic virus cassava mosaic virus disease cassava mosaic viruses cassava value chains Cassava whiteflies cassava-processing technologies Cassia sophera Cassine transvaalensis catch crop cauliflower-mosaic-virus CBSD CBSV CBSVs Cecidomyiidae Cerambycidae cereal cereal losses cereals chemical and non-chemical management chemical ecology chemical structure chemovar cherry canker Chickpea chillies Chilo polychrysa chiral sex pheromone chitin inhibitors Chlamydomonas-Reinhardtii chlorophylls chloroplast cholesterol chrysanthemum gall midge cicer arietinum cicerfuran cissus quadrangularis citrinin city planning Clavigralla tomentosicollis Cleome gynandra climate change climate change adaptation climate change effects climate exposure Climate factors climate sensitivity Clitostethus arcuatus Closteroviridae cluster cluster analysis CMBs duplex and multiplex RT-PC CMD coat protein gene sequences cocoa cocoa crop coconut coconut pest cocoyam coexistence Coffea arabica coffee coffee agroforestry coffee quality coffee white stem borer cold climates cold storage Coleoptera coleoptera apionidae collective action collective action dilemma Colloidal gold colour evaluation colour vision combinations combine harvesting commercial horticulture commercial shipments commodities Communication community competition coniesta ignefusalis Conopomorpha cramerella construction construction BTP Consumer acceptance consumer preference contained cultivation control controlled release cooking Corchorus tridens corn-rootworm coleoptera coroglaucigenin correlation cost-effective protocols cotton cotton bollworm cotton plant cottonseed coumaric cowpea cowpea seed Crete crevice traps crinivirus crop crop biotechnology crop damage crop damage assessment crop husbandry crop losses crop management crop modeling crop modelling crop models crop pest crop pests crop processing crop production crop protection crop protection practices crop rotation crop storage crop suitability modeling crop yield crop yields cropping systems crops croton (Codiaeum variegatum L croton leaf curl virus (CrLCuV) Cry toxins cucurbits Culex Culex modestus Culex quinquefasciatus Culicidae cultivar cultivar decline cultural control cumulative number of deaths Cutworm cyanophos cyclohexane epoxides cylas brunneus cylas puncticollis Cylas puncticollis Boheman cynanchum Cypermethrin cytochemistry cytochrome oxidase I gene damage threshold Dasineura gleditchiae Dasineura mali decision-making deconstruction decortication defence Defense deforestation delayed response to pesticide application Delia platura delivery protein Delphi study Deltamethrin Demonax balyi denitrifier enzyme activity Denmark density dependence dephosphorylation desert design developing countries Development uptake dhal diagnosis Diamondback moth Diaphorina citri diatomaceous earth diatomaceous earths Diels–Alder adduct diesel Dioscorea yam diptera direct pest direct sale direct-seeded rice direct-seeding Directive 2000/29/EC discrete choice experiments Discrete switching system disease disease management disease resistance diseases disinfestation dispersal Dispersion disruption Distortion products diversity Djodji form dna DNA probes DNA satellite molecules dna viruses dolichos yellow mosaic disease domestic fridges Dominican Republic Dover DPPH radicals dried cassava drought stress drought tolerance dry matter drying drylands durability durable duranta leaf Durum wheat dynamic threshold dépérissement des cultivars développement durable E EACMZV EAG early warning systems East Africa East African cassava mosaic virus East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus east and southern Africa East Anglia UK eastern Africa Eastern Nepal ecological and conventional farming ecological resources ecology econometric valuation economic costs economic losses economic threshold economics economy ecosystem services ecosystem based adaptation ecosystem services Ecuador edible nuts education effect egg development electron microscopy elimination ELISA emerging disease epidemics emerging diseases emigration empowerment enantiomers enantioselectivity endogenous pararetroviral sequences (EPRVs) Endogenous pararetroviruses Endosulfan Endosymbiotic bacteria energy intensity energy production entomological radars entomopathogenic fungi entomopathogenic fungus entomopathogenic virus entomopathogens environment environmental risk assessment environnement epicatechin epidemic epidemiology epidermis ergotamine essential oil establishment esterase ethanolic extract ethics Ethiopia ethno-ecology ethnobotanical survey ethnobotanicals Etho Vision ethylene ethylene control technologies EU eucalyptus leaf eucalyptus oil Eupatorium perfoliatum Europe European Commission Eurygaster integriceps evaluation policies and practices evolution exotic fruit experiential learning experimental auction experimental auctions explosions expression faba bean Fair Trade Fairtrade farm granaries farm level storage farm loss farm storage farm survey farmer farmer coping strategies farmer selection farmers farmers perspectives fecundity fenthion Fenvalerate ferric pyrophosphate fertilisers fertility field activity field analysis Field performance field trapping firmness flavonoid flavonoid plant development flavour flight ability flight traps floriculture flour food food aid food analysis food and nutrition security food biochemistry food commodities food composition food loss Food matrix food poisoning food production food quality food safety food security food value chains forecast forecasting forecasting tool forest forest products forestry Formulation fortification fortified rice fragaria fragaria X ananassa free radical-scavenging components freight containers frequency of pesticide applications fresh produce fresh produce supply chain fruit crops fruit market fruits FtsH fufu fumigation functional genomics fungal toxins Fusarium wilt Gall midges Gallic acid Gammabaculovirus garden garden history gardens gari gas diffusivity geminiviridae geminivirus geminiviruses gender Gene expansion Gene family gene silencing gene x environment interaction Genetic diversity genetic enhancement Genetic factors Genetic manipulation genetically modified maze Genetics genome genome sequences Geometridae Germacrene-D germination Ghana gibberellic acid gibberellins GIS Glanville fritillary butterfly Gleditsia triacanthos global value chain GlobalGAP globalisation Glossina fuscipes fuscipes Glossina morsitans centralis GM cotton gm foods GMP gomphocarpus good practice grain grain fumigation grain grinding grain harvest grain hulling grain loss grain milling grain processing grain protectant grain protection grain protein content grain protein content forecasting grain quality grain storage grain stores grain threshing grain trade grain value Grandlure I Grandlure II Granulovirus grass pea grasshopper Grayanoid diterpene green revolution greenhouse greenhouse gas greenhouse gas emission greenhouse gas emissions gridded data GroEL chaperonin protein groundnut groundnut rosette disease groundnut rosette virus disease groundnuts habitat HACCP handicrafts harmonic radar harvest yield harvesting Hawaii health health benefits healthy planting material heap heat effect heat treatments hedonic testing Helicoverpa armigera Heliodinidae helopeltis theivora helopeltis theobromae Hemiptera Hemiptera Heteroptera herbaceous perennial plants herbal medicine herbivore Herbivory Heteroptera heterosis hexadecatrienyl acetates hexadecyl estersoctadecyl esters hibiscus Hibiscus sabdariffa L. High Barind Tract high CO2 Histeridae history HMI homo-γ-bisabolene homoptera honey locust gall midge Hooded Lister rats hordeum vulgare horsegram horticulture Host adaptation Host choice host odours host outbreak host plant host plant disease resistance host plant resistance host races host range host selection host-plant resistance Host-seeking vectors host–parasitoid model host–parasitoid ratio hot air Human blood index humid climate hybrids hydraulic conductivity hydroxycinnamic acid hydroxycinnamic acid esters hygroscopic durable IGF-I IGFBP IGR image analysis Immunosorbent electron microscopy impact impact evaluation impulsive difference equations in situ conservation In vitro in vitro culture in vitro regeneration In vivo in-situ conservation incidence indexage des virus India Indian Jatropha Mosaic Disease Indian mustard indigenous induced resistance industrial use Industrial Wireles infants infection informal grain movement infusion Inga initial density inorganic fertilizer insect insect behaviour insect control insect damage insect growth regulators Insect hearing insect infestation insect management insect migration insect orientation insect outbreak insect pest insect pest control insect pests Insect resistance management insect-borne disease insect-resistant crops insecticide insecticide alternatives insecticide powders insecticide resistance insecticide spray timing insecticide treatment insecticide-treated targets insecticides insects integral equation model integrated crop management integrated packages integrated pest management international development international trade Intervention intraspecific communication Invasiveness IPM Ipomea batata (L.) Lam Ipomoea batatas Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam Ipomovirus IPPC IRM iron iron deficiency Irrigated rice irrigation isoflavonoid isoflavonoids isomers isothermal moisture diffusion ITPGRFA japanese encephalitis-virus Jasmonate jasmonic acid (JA) Johnston’s organ juvenile hormones Kaempferia rotunda kairomone Kaya identity Kaya-Porter identity Kenya kinesis kinetic laboratory experiments laboratory methods labour and livelihoods labour rights land suitability evaluation land use change land-use change landraces landscape landscape architect landscape architecture landscape architecture education landscape character landscape design landscape methods landscape paradigms larger grain borer larva larvae larviciding Lateral-flow-immunoassay Lavandulol LBVD leaching leaf curl leaf growth regulation Leaf hairs leaf miners leaf weevil learning activities legume legume crop legumes lentil Lepidoptera lifecycle light intensity light traps lignification Lima-bean pod borer Lipid metabolism lipopolysaccharide livelihood livelihoods diversification Liver locomotory behaviour locust locust control Locustana pardalina logarithm loss assessment loss calculation loss reduction losses losses network low temperature storage lowland systems lupanine lupin Lupinseed Lupinus mutabilis lure optimisation lure-and-kill luteovirus lychee Lycopersicon Lycopersicon esculentum Lygus bugs M&E macadamia nut machine leaning Magnaporthe grisea maize maize loss maize protection maize storage maize storage methods malaria Malawi male sex pheromone male-killing Mali mammalian toxicity management of diseases management programs mango Manihot esculenta Manihot Esculenta Crantz mapping maps Marie-Luise Gothein marigold marine transport Market market demand marketing marketing channels Maruca vitrata mass production biopesticides mass screening mass transfer mass trapping MATE mathematical model Mathematical modeling mating mating behaviour mating compatibility mating disruption MAXENT Megalurothrips sjostedti Melitaea cinxia Meloidogyne incognita membrane membrane integrity metabolism metal grain tanks Metarhizium methods methyl jasmonate (MeJA) methyl-3-O-methyl gallate Mexico micro-organism microbial biomass Microbial contamination Microbial control microbial insecticides microbiology microbiota midge blight midge pheromones migration migratory pest millet mind mapping Mineral absorption mineral fertilizer mirid Miscanthus mitigation mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (mtCOI)DNA mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I DNA mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene mixed models mixta mobile mobility model model intercomparison model prediction modelling moisture diffusion moisture ingress profile molecular breeding molecular farming Molecular Targets and Activities molecular variability Monilinia monitoring Monochamus leuconotus (pascoe) monoclonal antibody morphology mosaic disease mosaic-virus mosquito moths mould damage Mozambique Multi-criteria decision making multi-response modelling multiple mating mycoflora mycotoxicosis mycotoxin N2-fixation native plants native plants. non-native plants natural disaster natural enemy natural resistance NDVI Nectar needs assessment Negev Desert neonicotinoid NEPAD Nepal nested-PCR neuro lathyrism New Delhi virus new ornamental plant new ornamental plants new plants Nicholson-Bailey model nicotiana Nicotiana africana Nicotiana tabacum Nigeria nilaparvata-lugens stal nitrogen budgets nitrous oxide nivea non-grain starch staples non-target Lepidoptera norisoprenoids novel insecticides NRI Radar Entomology Unit Nucleopolyhedrosisvirus (NPV) nucleopolyhedrovirus nucleotide-sequence nutrients nutrition nutritional impact nuts ochratoxin oilseeds old world bollworm olfaction olfactometer Olfactometry Olympic Games 2012 on-farm on-farm storage on-research Onchocerca volvulus onchocerciasis onchocerciasis control program onion growing onion production onion storage onions optimum timing orange fleshed sweet potato orange fleshed Sweetpotato orange-fleshed cultivars orange-fleshed sweet potato orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) ordinal regression organic organophosphate ornamental tree Orobanche Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa osmotic dehydration outbreak outbreak frequency outer membrane overexpression overseas development Ovipositing vectors oviposition deterrent Pakistan palladium-catalysed coupling palm oil papermaking Papua New Guinea pararetroviruses parasite parasitic weeds Parasitism participation participatory plant breeding participatory plant-breeding passion fruit pathogen paw paw PCR PCR detection pea pea moth pear pearl millet peels Penicillium perceptual distinctiveness Performance pergularia Feeding deterrence Spodoptera Apocynaceae Asclepiadoideae perishables persistence pest pest control pest infestation control pest management pest management decision making pest monitoring pest resistance pesticidal plants pesticide Pesticide application frequency pesticide industry pesticide legislation Pesticide switches pesticide use pesticides pests petrol Phase change pheromone pheromone identification pheromone lure and trap pheromone trap pheromone traps pheromones phloem sap Phonotaxis phosphine fumigation phosphorus phosphorylation photosynthesis Photosytem II phthalates phylloplane phylogenetics phylogeny physical losses physiology Phytohormones Phytosanitary phytosterol pig slurry pineapple pinus patula pit plague plant architecture plant cell division plant clinics Plant communication plant culture plant damage plant disease plant disease diagnosis plant diseases plant genetic resources plant growth Plant health plant insecticides plant leaf chemistry plant nutrition plant pre-breeding plant quarantine law plant reproduction plant species Plant tolerance plant type plant viruses plant volatiles plant-parasitic nematodes Plant-plant interactions plant-virus plantain planting material plants Plasmodium falciparum plastics plutella xylostella pod borer pod borers polar auxin transport pollination Pollinators polyethylene packaging polymerase chain reaction population genetic-structure post harvest loss post-Apartheid post-harvest post-harvest management postharvest postharvest agriculture postharvest loss postharvest losses postharvest storage systems potato potential ammonium oxidation potentially mineralizable nitrogen potyvirus poverty alleviation powdery mildew power relations PRA pre-treatment predator predator–prey model preharvest Presence price formation price margin primary benefit priming principal components analysis principles private standards Processing production production constraints production technology productivity profit propagation propagation des virus proscribed pests prostate cancer Prostephanus Prostephanus truncatus Prostphanus truncatus protease provitamin A retention pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum psychophysics Ptilostemon chamaepeuce ptilostemon chamaepeuse public health pulping characteristics Pulse spraying pulses pumpkin plants PVC-resin formulation PYMV pyrethroid quality quality assessment quality control quality determination quality evaluation quality maintenance quality protein maize Quality traits quality-value relationships quarantine quelea Quelea quelea rabi cropping rainfall Rainforest Alliance ramets Random perturbation RAPD-PCR rapid assessment raspberry cane midge rate constant rats raw-milled paddy reaction norm reaction scheme recombinant antibody recombinant protein recombination red-billed quelea REDD reduced susceptibility reducing household food waste references registration regulation release rate Remote Control remote-sensing rendement repellency research impact Research uptake residual effect of pesticide resistance resistance genes resistance screening resource use efficiency respiration respirometry Resseliella theobaldi retrotransposable elements Reversion review Reynolds number Rhamphicarpa fistulosa rhizome rhomboid rhopalomyia longicauda Rhyzopertha Rhyzopertha dominica locomotory responses rice rice brown planthopper rice farming rice milling rice quality rice stem borer rice threshing rice tungro virus disease rice value risk risk assessment risk assessment simplification risk warning RNA-Seq road map rodent rodent control rodent ecology rodent management rodents root and tuber crops root aphids root crops root damage root growth root knot nematode root latex roots roselle rots RT-PCR rural communities rural development rural innovation rural livelihoods S)-2 safe movement safety Sahlbergella singularis salicin sampling sampling plans Sanitary saponins satellite Savannah SCADA Scapanes australis scenarios Schistocerca gregaria Scirpophaga incertulas screening Scutelleridae Scutellonema bradys seasonal abundance seasonal food deficits seasonal poverty traps secondary benefit Secondary plant compounds secondary symbiont securidaca sedimentary rocks seed seed bank seed germination seed kernels seed management seed production seed quality seed systems seed-saving seedling seeds selection criteria Selenoprotein synthesis semiochemicals senescence Senesecent Sweetening sensory evaluation Sensory properties sensory tasting serotype Serum Sesamia inferens sex attractant sex pheromone shade coffee Shannon diversity index shelf-life silicon dioxide simulation model Simulium damnosum Simulium damnosum (sensu lato) Simulium damnosum cytospecies Simulium sanctipauli simulium yahense single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Sitophilus Sitophilus oryzae Sitophilus zeamais Skeletal muscle sleeping sickness small farm Small mammals small-scale farmer small-scale farmers small-scale farming smallholder coffee farmers smallholder farmer smallholder farmers smallholder grain protection smallholder storage smallholders Snapdragon sodium metabisulfite sogatella-furcifera hemiptera soil soil and water conservation soil moisture soil organic carbon solanum tuberosum solar solid gain sorghum Sorghum bicolor sorghum ratooning South Africa South America southern Africa species composition species demarcation species richness spinach Spodoptera Spodoptera exempta spore concentration sprout growth sprout prevention sprouting squash-blot SSR markers Stable switching transient stack burn staple food starvation steam-volatile oils stem base damage stem cells stem cuttings Sternbergia sicula sterol stilbenes stolons storage storage loss storage loss assessment storage quality storage survey store design stored grain and pulses stored product pest stored product protection stored products strategic plan Strawberry blossom weevil Striga Striga asiatica Striga aspera Striga forbesii Striga hermonthica strychnos spinosa Sub-Saharan Africa Subling species subsistence farmer subsistence farming substrates subtropical suction traps sugar sun sun coffee sunflower seed Sunn Pest suppression surface roughness Surveillance sustainability sustainable agriculture sustainable development sustainable farming sustainable livelihoods sustainable livelihoods approach sustainable uses of plants swarms Swartzia sweet potato Sweet potato crop sweet potato leaf curl Uganda virus sweet potato leaf curl virus sweet potato virus sweet potato weevils sweetpotato sweetpotato breeding sweetpotato cultivar sweetpotato seed systems sweetpotato varieties sweetpotato virus disease Sweetpotato weevil Sweetpotato weevils swollen shoot virus symbiosis synergism synergist plant repellents synthetic aperture radar synthetic lures syrup tactic Tagetes erecta Tanzania TaWIR1 taxis taxonomy technology adoption telemetry temperature Tephrosia Teretrius nigrescens Thailand Theobroma cacao thirps threshing threshold condition Thrips thrips (Thrips tabaci) Tithonia tobacco Togo ToLCBV-[Ban4] ToLCV-[Ban4] tomato tomato leaf curl tomato leaf curl virus Tortricidae Toxins toxogenic fungi traders traditional grain protectants traditional variety training transcriptional analysis transgenic Transgenic fish transgenic resistance Transmission transporter trapping treatment tree oil tremorgen Triatoma infestans Tribolium triglyceride tropical tropical climate tropical food tropical oilseeds tropical root crops trypanosomiasis tsetse tungro-associated viruses tungro-bacilliform virus tungsten accumulation TYLCV-Is Uganda uncertainty United Kingdom urban corridor planning urban design urban parks Usutu virus utilization Utz Certified UV protection value addition value chain value chain approach value chains value determination vanillin varietal attributes varietal improvement varieties vector Vector abundance vector transmission Vector-borne disease vegetable crops vegetables vegetation Vernonia vernonia amygdalina vertical insect movement vibrational signals Vietnam VIGS viral sequences virology virulence virus detection virus disease virus diversity virus evolution virus indexing virus induced gene silencing virus infection virus isolates virus resistance virus spread virus vector virus-vector relationships viruses viruses infecting potato and vegetables Visual quality vitamin A vitamin A activity vitamin A deficiencies vitamin A deficiency vitamin C volatilization Volta volunteers WAIC water water cloud model water loss water stress water use weed weed control weed management weeding weeds weevil weighting West Africa West Nile virus wheat wheat blast white-backed planthopper whiteflies whitefly Whitefly outbreaks whitefly resistance whitefly vector whitefly-transmitted crinivirus wild cabbage wild species willingness to pay winter wheat witchweed Wittig reaction Wolbachia workers world trade wound-healing wounding xerophytic species Xylotrechus quadripes yam yam (Dioscorea spp.) badnaviruses yam cultivar yellow dwarf virus yellow mosaic virus yellow mottle virus yellow vein mosaic virus yield yield forecasting yield loss young children Z Z)- and (E Z)-4 Zambia Zanzibar Zea mays zearalenone zeylenol Zimbabwe Zingiberaceae β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) β-carotene β-carotene epoxides ‘fufu’
Number of items at this level: 2629.

'NASPOT 11'

Mwanga, Robert O.M., Niringiye, Charles, Alajo, Agnes, Kigozi, Benjamin, Namukula, Joweria, Mpembe, Isaac, Tumwegamire, Silver, Gibson, Richard W. and Yencho, G. Craig (2011) 'NASPOT 11', a sweetpotato cultivar bred by a participatory plant-breeding approach in Uganda. HortScience, 46 (2). pp. 317-321. ISSN 0018-5345

(2R

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

(2S

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

(3Z • 6Z • 9Z)-heneicosatriene

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

(3Z • 6Z)-cis-9

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

(CMD)

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

(E

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

(EACMV)

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

(OFSP)

Arimond, Mary, Ball, Anna‐Marie, Bechoff, Aurelie, Bosch, Diane, Brauw, Alan, Coote, Claire, Dove, Richard, Eozenou, Patrick, Gilligan, Dan, Hotz, Christine, Kumar, Neha, Labarta, Ricardo, Loechl, Cornelia, Low, Jan, Magezi, Sylvia, Massingue, Jaquelino, Meenakshi, J.V., Moursi, Mourad, Musoke, Charles, Namanda, Sam, Nsubuga, Harriet, Okwadi, Juliues, Tomlins, Keith, Wamaniala, Martin and Westby, Andrew (2010) Reaching and engaging end users (REU): orange fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) in East and Southern Africa. Project Report. HarvestPlus / Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Washington, DC, USA.

(S

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

(S )-2-hydroxy-3-decanone

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

(Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

1-MCP

Hassan, Sally, Colgan, Richard, Paul, Mathew J., Atkinson, Christopher J., Sexton, Amy L., van Dolleweerd, Craig J., Keshavarz-Moore, Eli and Ma, Julian K-C. (2012) Recombinant monoclonal antibody yield in transgenic tobacco plants is affected by the wounding response via an ethylene dependent mechanism. Transgenic Research, 21 (6). pp. 1221-1232. ISSN 0962-8819 (Print), 1573-9368 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11248-012-9595-1)

1-methylcyclopropene

Cheema, M.U.A., Rees, D., Colgan, R.J., Taylor, M. and Westby, A. (2013) The effects of ethylene, 1-MCP and AVG on sprouting in sweetpotato roots. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 85. pp. 89-93. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.05.001)

10-

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

10-epoxyheneicosadiene

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

2-acetoxy-5-undecanone

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-acetoxyundecane

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-arylbenzofurans

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

2-undecanol

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-undecanone

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

27 ethylene

Hassan, Sally, Colgan, Richard, Paul, Mathew J., Atkinson, Christopher J., Sexton, Amy L., van Dolleweerd, Craig J., Keshavarz-Moore, Eli and Ma, Julian K-C. (2012) Recombinant monoclonal antibody yield in transgenic tobacco plants is affected by the wounding response via an ethylene dependent mechanism. Transgenic Research, 21 (6). pp. 1221-1232. ISSN 0962-8819 (Print), 1573-9368 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11248-012-9595-1)

3 dihydroxyoctane

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

3-hydroxy-2-decanone

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

4’-O-methylepigallocatechin

Motlhanka, D.M.T, Habtemariam, S. and Houghton, P. (2008) Free radical scavenging activity of crude extracts and 4´-O-methylepigallocatechin isolated from roots of Cassine transvaalensis Burtt-Davy from Botswana. African Journal of Biomedical Research, 11 (1). pp. 55-63. ISSN 1119-5096

6

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

8Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

8Z)-2-butyroxy-8-heptadecene(2S

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

8Z)-8-heptadecen-2-ol

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

[beta]-amylase

Dziedzoave, N.T., Graffham, A.J., Westby, A., Otoo, J. and Komlaga, G. (2010) Influence of variety and growth environment on β-amylase activity of flour from sweet potato (Ipomea batatas). Food Control, 21 (2). pp. 162-165. ISSN 0956-7135 (doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.05.005)

abstracts

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Abundance

Low, Matthew, Tsegaye, Admasu, Ignell, Rickard, Hill, Sharon, Elleby, Rasmus, Feltelius, Vilhelm and Hopkins, Richard (2016) The importance of accounting for larval detectability in mosquito habitat-association studies. Malaria Journal, 15:253. ISSN 1475-2875 (Print), 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-016-1308-4)

ACC synthase

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

acceptability

Bechoff, Aurélie, Cissé, Mady, Fliedel, Geneviève, Declemy, Anne-Laure, Ayessou, Nicolas, Akissoe, Noel, Touré, Cheikh, Bennett, Ben, Pintado, Manuela, Pallet, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2013) Relationships between anthocyanins and other compounds and sensory acceptability of Hibiscus drinks. Food Chemistry, 140 (1). ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.132)

Tomlins, Keith, Sanni, Lateef, Oyewole, Olusola B., Dipeolu, Adewale, Ayinde, Idris, Adebayo, Kolawole and Westby, Andrew (2007) Consumer acceptability and sensory evaluation of a fermented cassava product (Nigerian fufu). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87 (10). pp. 1949-1956. ISSN 0022-5142 (doi:10.1002/jsfa.2941)

Acoustic behaviour

Simões, Patrício M.V., Ingham, Robert A., Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2016) A role for acoustic distortion in novel rapid frequency modulation behaviour in free-flying male mosquitoes. Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (13). pp. 2039-2047. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.135293)

ACS1

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

activity-guided isolation

Habtemariam, S. (2008) Activity-guided isolation and identification of free radical-scavenging components from ethanolic extract of boneset (leaves of Eupatorium perfoliatum). Natural Product Communications, 3 (8). pp. 1317-1320. ISSN 1934-578X (Print), 1555-9475 (Online)

Acyrthosiphon pisum

Bouvaine, Sophie, Behmer, Spencer T., Lin, George G., Faure, Marie-Line, Grebenok, Robert J. and Douglas, Angela E. (2012) The physiology of sterol nutrition in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58 (11). pp. 1383-1389. ISSN 0022-1910 (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.07.014)

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

Adansonia digitata

Muchuweti, M., Kasiamhuru, A., Benhura, M. A. N., Chipurura, B., Amuna, P., Zotor, F. and Parawira, W. (2009) Assessment of the nutritional value of wild leafy vegetables consumed in the Buhera District of Zimbabwe: a preliminary study. In: Acta horticulturae. International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium, pp. 823-830. ISBN 978-90-66057-01-2 ISSN 0567-7572

adaptation

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

adaptive capacity

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

adaptive resource management

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

Aedes

Low, Matthew, Tsegaye, Admasu, Ignell, Rickard, Hill, Sharon, Elleby, Rasmus, Feltelius, Vilhelm and Hopkins, Richard (2016) The importance of accounting for larval detectability in mosquito habitat-association studies. Malaria Journal, 15:253. ISSN 1475-2875 (Print), 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-016-1308-4)

aerial spraying

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

affective test

De Groote, Hugo, Chege, Christine Kiria, Tomlins, Keith and Gunaratna, Nilupa S. (2014) Combining experimental auctions with a modified home-use test to assess rural consumers' acceptance of quality protein maize, a biofortified crop. Food Quality and Preference, 38. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0950-3293 (doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2014.04.014)

De Groote, Hugo, Gunaratna, Nilupa S., Okuro, James O., Wondimu, Asrat, Chege, Christine K. and Tomlins, Keith (2014) Consumer acceptance of quality protein maize (QPM) in East Africa. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94 (15). pp. 3201-3212. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6672)

aflatoxin

Martin, P.M.D. and Gilman, G.A. (1976) A consideration of the mycotoxin hypothesis with special reference to the mycoflora of maize, sorghum, wheat and groundnuts (G105). Discussion Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

Africa

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020)

Adams, J.M. (1976) A guide to the objective and reliable estimation of food losses in small scale farmer storage. Tropical Stored Products Information, 32. pp. 5-12. ISSN 0564-3325

Anaglo, Jonathan Nicholas (2011) Understanding the influence of livelihood features on cassava value chains. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, R.W., Lesemann, D.E. and Vetten, H.J. (2009) Host range, purification, and genetic variability in Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus. Plant Disease, 93 (1). pp. 87-93. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-93-1-0087)

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

Boxall, Robin, Golob, Peter and Taylor, Robert (1997) Pest management in farm granaries: with special reference to Africa. [Working Paper]

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Prevalence and genetic diversity of endosymbiotic bacteria infecting cassava whiteflies in Africa. BMC Microbiology, 15 (1):93. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2180 (Print), 1471-2180 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12866-015-0425-5)

Gibson, R.W., Lyimo, N.G., Temu, A.E.M., Stathers, T.E., Page, W.W., Nsemwa, L.T.H., Acola, G. and Lamboll, R.I. (2005) Maize seed selection by East African smallholder farmers and resistance to Maize streak virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (2). pp. 153-159. ISSN 0003-4746 (Print), 1744-7348 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00021.x)

Gibson, Richard W. (2006) Working with farmers to control sweet potato virus disease in East Africa. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 28-30. ISBN 0954645278

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus): Is there a case for further crop improvement? Euphytica, 186 (3). pp. 647-654. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-012-0702-4)

Hodges, Richard and Stathers, Tanya (2012) Training manual for improving grain postharvest handling and storage prepared. UN World Food Programme / Natural Resources Institute, Rome - Italy.

Legg, James, Somado, Eklou Attiogbevi, Barker, Ian, Beach, Larry, Ceballos, Hernan, Cuellar, Willmer, Elkhoury, Warid, Gerling, Dan, Helsen, Jan, Hershey, Clair, Jarvis, Andy, Kulakow, Peter, Kumar, Lava, Lorenzen, Jim, Lynam, John, McMahon, Matthew, Maruthi, Gowda, Miano, Doug, Mtunda, Kiddo, Natwuruhunga, Pheneas, Okogbenin, Emmanuel, Pezo, Phemba, Terry, Eugene, Thiele, Graham, Thresh, Mike, Wadsworth, Jonathan, Walsh, Steve, Winter, Stephan, Tohme, Joe and Fauquet, Claude (2014) A global alliance declaring war on cassava viruses in Africa. Food Security, 6 (2). pp. 231-248. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0340-x)

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Bouvaine, Sophie, Tufan, Hale A., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Hillocks, Rory J. (2014) Transcriptional response of virus-infected cassava and identification of putative sources of resistance for cassava brown streak disease. PLoS ONE, 9 (5):e96642. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096642)

Mbanzibwa, D.R., Tian, Y.P., Tugume, A.K., Patil, B.L., Yadav, J.S., Bagewadi, B., Abarshi, M.M., Alicai, T., Changadeya, W., Mkumbira, J., Muli, M.B., Mukasa, S.B., Tairo, F., Baguma, Y., Kyamanywa, S., Kullaya, A., Maruthi, M.N., Fauquet, C.M. and Valkonen, J.P.T. (2010) Evolution of cassava brown streak disease-associated viruses. Journal of General Virology, 92 (4). pp. 974-987. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.026922-0)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012:795697. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Namanda, Sam (2012) Current and potential systems for maintaining sweetpotato planting material in areas with prolonged dry seasons: a biological, social and economic framework. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Namanda, Sam, Gibson, Richard and Sindi, Kirimi (2011) Sweetpotato seed systems in Uganda, Tanzania, and Rwanda. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 35 (8). pp. 870-884. ISSN 1044-0046 (Print), 1540-7578 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10440046.2011.590572)

Omongo, Christopher A., Kawuki, Robert, Bellotti, Antony C., Alicai, Titus, Baguma, Yona, Maruthi, M.N., Bua, Anton and Colvin, John (2012) African cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, resistance in African and South American cassava genotypes. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 327-336. ISSN 2095-3119 (doi:10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60017-3)

Patil, Basavaprabu L., Ogwok, Emmanuel, Wagaba, Henry, Mohammed, Ibrahim U., Yadav, Jitender S., Bagewadi, Basavaraj, Taylor, Nigel J., Kreuze, Jan F., Maruthi, M.N., Alicai, Titus and Fauquet, Claude M. (2010) RNAi-mediated resistance to diverse isolates belonging to two virus species involved in Cassava brown streak disease. Molecular Plant Pathology, 12 (1). pp. 31-41. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00650.x)

Stathers, Tanya (2008) Smallholder food security in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for diatomaceous earth grain protectants. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Tomlins, Keith (2009) Factors influencing the post-harvest quality and consumer preference of sweet potato and other products in sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Utono, Iliyasu Mohammed (2013) A novel approach to control stored sorghum beetle Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in small-scale farmers’ storerooms in Kebbi- Nigeria. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Wasswa, P., Otto, B., Maruthi, M.N., Mukasa, S.B., Monger, W. and Gibson, R.W. (2011) First identification of a sweet potato begomovirus (sweepovirus) in Uganda: Characterization, detection and distribution. Plant Pathology, 60 (6). pp. 1030-1039. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02464.x)

Wasswa, Peter (2012) Sweet potato viruses in Uganda: identification of a new virus, a mild strain of an old virus and reversion. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

african agriculture

Stevenson, Philip C., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Mvumi, Brighton, Sola, Phosiso, Kamanula, John M., Sileshi, Gudeta and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Pesticidal plants: a viable alternative insect pest management approach for resource-poor farming in Africa. In: Koul, Opender, Khokhar, Sucheta, Dhaliwal, D.S. and Singh, Ram, (eds.) Biopesticides in Environment and Food Security: Issues and Strategies. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India, pp. 212-238. ISBN 9788172337971

African armyworm

Graham, Robert I., Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L. and Wilson, Kenneth (2012) Wolbachia in a major African crop pest increases susceptibility to viral disease rather than protects. Ecology Letters, 15 (9). pp. 993-1000. ISSN 1461-023X (Print), 1461-0248 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01820.x)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

African crop pests

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

African diatomaceous earths

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

African trypanosomiasis

Tirados Estebanez, Jose Ignacio (2014) The role of host cues in the transmission of sleeping sickness. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

African wild yobacco

Marlin, Danica, Nicolson, Susan W., Yusuf, Abdullahi A., Stevenson, Philip C., Heyman, Heino M. and Kruger, Kerstin (2014) The only African wild tobacco, Nicotiana africana: Alkaloid content and the effect of herbivory. PLOS ONE, 9 (7):e10266. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102661)

Ageratum yellow vein virus (AJ810825)

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

Aggregate distribution

Mulungu, Loth S., Sixbert, Valency, Ngowo, Victoria, Mdangi, Mashaka, Katakweba, Abdul S., Tesha, Protas, Mrosso, Furaha P., Mchomvu, Margaret, Kilonzo, Bukheti S. and Belmain, Steven R. (2015) Spatio-temporal patterns in the distribution of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in rice crop and fallow land habitats in Tanzania. Mammalia, 79 (2). pp. 177-184. ISSN 0025-1461 (Print), 1864-1547 (Online) (doi:10.1515/mammalia-2014-0006)

aggregation pheromone

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

agitation

Tortoe, C., Orchard, J. and Beezer, A. (2009) Effect of agitation and antagonism between sucrose and sodium chloride on mass transfer during osmo-dehydration in plant materials. International Food Research Journal, 16. pp. 521-530. ISSN 1985-4668 (Print), 2231-7546 (Online)

agricultural extension services

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

agricultural intensification

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

agricultural management

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors

Mugerwa, Habibu, Seal, Susan, Wang, Hua-Ling, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Kabaalu, Richard, Omongo, Christopher A., Alicai, Titus, Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph, Sseruwagi, Peter and Colvin, John (2018) African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species. Scientific Reports, 8 (1):2734. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20956-3)

agricultural production

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

agriculture

Anaglo, Jonathan Nicholas (2011) Understanding the influence of livelihood features on cassava value chains. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Cheema, M.U.A. (2010) Dormancy and sprout control in root and tuber crops. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

Hillocks, Rory (2013) Impact of EU pesticide reduction strategy and implications for crop protection in the UK and the Rest of Europe. Outlooks on Pest Management, 24 (5). pp. 206-209. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v24_oct_05)

Namanda, Sam (2012) Current and potential systems for maintaining sweetpotato planting material in areas with prolonged dry seasons: a biological, social and economic framework. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Nelson, Valerie, Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Pathways of transformation or transgression? Power relations, ethical space and labour rights in Kenyan agri-food value chains. In: Goodman, Michael K. and Sage, Colin, (eds.) Food Transgressions: Making Sense of Contemporary Food Politics. Critical Food Studies . Ashgate Publishing, Farnham, UK, pp. 15-38. ISBN 9780754679707

Okwadi, Julius (2015) Introducing a pro-vitamin a rich staple crop: analysis of decision making along the orange fleshed sweetpotato value chain in Uganda. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Oluwole, Oluwafemi and Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Health and environmental impacts of pesticide use practices: a case study of farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 7 (3). pp. 153-163. ISSN 1473-5903 (Print), 1747-762X (Online) (doi:10.3763/ijas.2009.0431)

Priebe, Jan and Bennett, Ben (2015) A “Facebook” for cassava processing equipment – digital marketing support for small-scale cassava equipment manufacturers in West and Central Africa. In: World Congress on Root and Tuber Crops - WCRTC, 18 - 22 Jaunary 2016, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Stathers, Tanya, Low, J., Mwanga, R., Carey, T., David, S. and Gibson, Richard (2013) Everything you ever wanted to know about sweetpotato: Reaching Agents of Change training of trainers (TOT) manual. Manual. International Potato Center (CIP).

Wilson, Katherine Susan Louise (2011) Sorghum ratooning as an approach to manage covered kernel smut and the stem borer Chilo Partellus. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

agriculture research for development

Martin, Adrienne and Nelson, Valerie (2012) Impact assessment policies and practices of EIARD members: study. Technical Report. AGRINATURA-EEIG Secretariat, Paris, France.

agro-ecosystem

Porter, John, Costanza, Robert, Sandhu, Harpinder, Sigsgaard, Lene and Wratten, Steve (2009) The value of producing food, energy, and ecosystem services within an agro-ecosystem. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38 (4). pp. 186-193. ISSN 0044-7447 (Print), 1654-7209 (Online) (doi:10.1579/0044-7447-38.4.186)

agroecology

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

agroforest

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

agroforestry

Haggar, Jeremy, Asigbaase, Michael, Bonilla, Glenda, Pico, Jose and Quilo, Alma (2015) Tree diversity on sustainably certified and conventional coffee farms in Central America. Biodiversity and Conservation, 24 (5). pp. 1175-1194. ISSN 0960-3115 (Print), 1572-9710 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10531-014-0851-y)

Sarasan, Viswambharan, Kite, Geoffrey C., Sileshi, Gudeta W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Applications of phytochemical and in vitro techniques for reducing over-harvesting of medicinal and pesticidal plants and generating income for the rural poor. Plant Cell Reports, 30 (7). pp. 1163-1172. ISSN 0721-7714 (Print), 1432-203X (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00299-011-1047-5)

agroforestry systems

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Healey, John R., Soto, Gabriela and Haggar, Jeremy P. (2013) Sink or source—The potential of coffee agroforestry systems to sequester atmospheric CO2 into soil organic carbon. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 175. pp. 60-68. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.012)

agromorphological trait

Gibson, Richard W. (2009) A review of perceptual distinctiveness in landraces including an analysis of how its roles have been overlooked in plant breeding for low-input farming systems. Economic Botany, 63 (3). pp. 242-255. ISSN 0013-0001 (Print), 1874-9364 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12231-009-9086-3)

agronomy

Currah, Lesley and Proctor, Felicity J. (1990) Onions in tropical regions (NRI Bulletin No. 35). [Working Paper]

Spitali, Mariangela (1993) The sidechain structure of lipopolysaccharide from plant pathogenic pseudomonads in relation to their antigenicity. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

aid shipments

Tyler, P.S. and Hodges, R.J. (2002) Phytosanitary measures against larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), in international trade. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 279-289. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040816.21570.06)

alata

Kenyon, Lawrence, Lebas, B.S.M. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Yams (Dioscorea spp.) from the South Pacific Islands contain many novel badnaviruses: Implications for international movement of yam germplasm. Archives of Virology, 153 (5). pp. 877-889. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0062-5)

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

Alectra

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

Aleyrodes lonicerae

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

Aleyrodes proletella

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

Springate, Simon (2016) The cabbage whitefly, aleyrodes Proletella: causes of outbreaks and potential solutions. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Springate, Simon and Colvin, John (2011) Pyrethroid insecticide resistance in British populations of the cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella. Pest Management Science, 68 (2). pp. 260-267. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.2255)

Aleyrodidae

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Rekha, A.R., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V. and Colvin, J. (2005) Occurrence of three genotypic clusters of Bemisia tabaci and the rapid spread of the B biotype in south India. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 117 (3). pp. 221-233. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2005.00352.x)

Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, Midatharahally, Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C., Brown, J.K. and Legg, J.P. (2006) Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (2). pp. 145-153. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00402.x)

alkaloid content Herbivory

Marlin, Danica, Nicolson, Susan W., Yusuf, Abdullahi A., Stevenson, Philip C., Heyman, Heino M. and Kruger, Kerstin (2014) The only African wild tobacco, Nicotiana africana: Alkaloid content and the effect of herbivory. PLOS ONE, 9 (7):e10266. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102661)

Alkaloids

Tjiurutue, Muvari Connie, Stevenson, Philip C. and Adler, Lynn S. (2016) Messages from the other side: parasites receive damage cues from their host plants. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 42 (8). pp. 821-828. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-016-0746-3)

Allium cepa

Currah, Lesley and Proctor, Felicity J. (1990) Onions in tropical regions (NRI Bulletin No. 35). [Working Paper]

Alphabaculovirus

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

aman rice

Jabbar, M.A., Orr, Alastair and Karmakar, B. (2008) Direct-seeded rice in the High Barind Tract: economics and farmer evaluation. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 47-65. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Riches, Charles R., Mortimer, A.M., Harris, D. and Mazid, M.A. (2008) Farm-level opportunities for increasing productivity and income in the High Barind Tract: a synthesis. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 9-24. ISBN 9712202291

Riches, C.R. (2008) The High Barind Tract: a challenging drought-prone agricultural environment. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), pp. 3-6. ISBN 978-971-22-0229-2

Riches, C.R., Mazid, M.A., Uddin Ahmed, G.J., Mortimer, A.M., Jabbar, M.A. and Orr, A. (2008) Improved weed management for transplanted aman rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), pp. 91-103. ISBN 978-971-22-0229-2

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

Amaranthus hybridus

Muchuweti, M., Kasiamhuru, A., Benhura, M. A. N., Chipurura, B., Amuna, P., Zotor, F. and Parawira, W. (2009) Assessment of the nutritional value of wild leafy vegetables consumed in the Buhera District of Zimbabwe: a preliminary study. In: Acta horticulturae. International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium, pp. 823-830. ISBN 978-90-66057-01-2 ISSN 0567-7572

aminoethoxyvinylglycine ethylene

Cheema, M.U.A., Rees, D., Colgan, R.J., Taylor, M. and Westby, A. (2013) The effects of ethylene, 1-MCP and AVG on sprouting in sweetpotato roots. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 85. pp. 89-93. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.05.001)

Analytical Hierarchy Process

Khongnawang, Tibet and Williams, Meredith (2015) Land suitability evaluation using GIS-based multi-criteria decision making for bio-fuel crops cultivation in KhonKaen, Thailand. In: International Soil Conference 2015, 18-21 August 2015, The Regent Cha Am Beach Resort, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (Unpublished)

analytical methods

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Andes

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

anemia

Hotz, Christine, Porcayo, Maribel, Onofre, Germán, García-Guerra, Armando, Elliott, Terry, Jankowski, Shirley and Greiner, Ted (2008) Efficacy of iron-fortified Ultra Rice in improving the iron status of women in Mexico. Food & Nutrition Bulletin, 29 (2). pp. 140-149. ISSN 0379-5721 (Print), 1564-8265 (Online)

animal feed

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

animal forage

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Animal health

Black, Robert (2017) The Impact of Brexit on Biosecurity. In: Breaking Down Brexit for Businesses and Citizens, 3 July 2017, Ashurst, 9 Appold Way, London EC2A 2AP. (Unpublished)

Anopheles arabiensis

Low, Matthew, Tsegaye, Admasu, Ignell, Rickard, Hill, Sharon, Elleby, Rasmus, Feltelius, Vilhelm and Hopkins, Richard (2016) The importance of accounting for larval detectability in mosquito habitat-association studies. Malaria Journal, 15:253. ISSN 1475-2875 (Print), 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-016-1308-4)

Anopheles gambiae complex

Low, Matthew, Tsegaye, Admasu, Ignell, Rickard, Hill, Sharon, Elleby, Rasmus, Feltelius, Vilhelm and Hopkins, Richard (2016) The importance of accounting for larval detectability in mosquito habitat-association studies. Malaria Journal, 15:253. ISSN 1475-2875 (Print), 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-016-1308-4)

anthocyanins

Hale, Kerry L., Tufan, Hale A., Pickering, Ingrid J., George, Graham N., Terry, Norman, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2002) Anthocyanins facilitate tungsten accumulation in Brassica. Physiologia Plantarum, 116 (3). pp. 351-358. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1160310.x)

Anthonomus rubi

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 2. Pest monitoring and control. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 155-166. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.004)

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

anti-juvenile hormones

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

antibacterial

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

antifungal

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

antioxidant

Motlhanka, D.M.T, Habtemariam, S. and Houghton, P. (2008) Free radical scavenging activity of crude extracts and 4´-O-methylepigallocatechin isolated from roots of Cassine transvaalensis Burtt-Davy from Botswana. African Journal of Biomedical Research, 11 (1). pp. 55-63. ISSN 1119-5096

Antioxidants

Glowacz, Marcin and Rees, Deborah (2016) Exposure to ozone reduces postharvest quality loss in red and green chilli peppers. Food Chemistry, 210. pp. 305-310. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.04.119)

aphid

Bouvaine, Sophie, Behmer, Spencer T., Lin, George G., Faure, Marie-Line, Grebenok, Robert J. and Douglas, Angela E. (2012) The physiology of sterol nutrition in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58 (11). pp. 1383-1389. ISSN 0022-1910 (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.07.014)

Bouvaine, Sophie, Boonham, Neil and Douglas, Angela E. (2011) Interactions between a luteovirus and the GroEL chaperonin protein of the symbiotic bacterium Buchnera aphidicola of aphids. Journal of General Virology, 92 (6). pp. 1467-1474. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.029355-0)

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

aphid sitobion-avenae

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

aphid-transmitted potyvirus

Clark, Christopher A., Davis, Jeffrey A., Abad, Jorge A., Cuellar, Wilmer J., Fuentes, Segundo, Kreuze, Jan F., Gibson, Richard, Mukasa, Settumba B., Tugume, Arthur K., Tairo, Fred Donati and Valkonen, Jari P.T. (2012) Sweetpotato viruses: 15 years of progress on understanding and managing complex diseases. Plant Disease, 96 (2). pp. 168-185. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-07-11-0550)

aphids

Latham, Lindrea Jane (2008) The epidemiology and management of fungal- and nonpersistent aphid-borne plant viruses in a Mediterranean type climate. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

APHLIS

Hodges, Rick, Bennett, Ben, Bernard, Marc and Rembold, Felix (2013) Tackling post-harvest cereal losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Rural 21: The International Journal for Rural Development, 47 (1). pp. 16-18. ISSN 1866-8011

Apple

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

apple leaf curling midge

Cross, Jerry V. and Hall, David R. (2009) Exploitation of the sex pheromone of apple leaf midge Dasineura mali Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) for pest monitoring: Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 28 (2). pp. 139-144. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.09.008)

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Shaw, Peter W. and Anfora, Gianfranco (2009) Exploitation of the sex pheromone of apple leaf midge Dasineura mali Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae): Part 2. Use of sex pheromone traps for pest monitoring. Crop Protection, 28 (2). pp. 128-133. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.09.004)

application

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

aqueous plant extracts

Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hove, Thokozani, Mvumi, Brighton M., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Belmain, Steven R., Madzimure, James and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6 (13). pp. 2674-2680. ISSN 1996-0875 (doi:10.5897/JMPR11.1767)

Arabidopsis

Thompson, Elinor, Glover, Beverley and Davies, Julia (2008) A MATE protein involved in flavonoid transport in Arabidopsis flowers. In: XVI Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology (FESPB), 15-18 Aug 2008, Tampere, Finland. (Unpublished)

Thompson, Elinor, Llewellyn Smith, Stefan and Glover, Beverley (2012) An Arabidopsis rhomboid protease has roles in the chloroplast and in flower development. In: Gordon Research Conference. Plant Molecular Biology: Genomic Approaches to Plant Signaling Systems, 15-20 July 2012, Holderness, NH, USA.

Thompson, Elinor, Llewellyn Smith, Stefan and Glover, Beverley (2008) Rhomboid proteases in Arabidopsis. In: XVI Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology (FESPB), 15-18 Aug 2008, Tampere, Finland. (Unpublished)

architecture

Holden, Robert and Liversedge, Jamie (2011) Construction et architecture paysagère. Hors collection . Dunod, Paris. ISBN 2100557890, 9782100557899

arid lands

Kotzen, Benz, Branquinho, Cristina and Prasse, Ruediger Does the exotic equal pollution? Landscape methods for solving the dilemma of planting native versus non-native plant species in drylands. Journal of Arid Environments. ISSN 0140-1963 (Unpublished)

Armyworm

Redman, Elizabeth M., Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Cory, Jenny S. (2010) High levels of genetic diversity in Spodoptera exempta NPV from Tanzania. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 105 (2). pp. 190-193. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2010.06.008)

armyworm moth

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

arrestant

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2007) Prey-specific contact kairomones exploited by adult and larval Teretrius nigrescens: a behavioural comparison across different stored-product pests and different pest substrates. Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (3). pp. 265-275. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2006.06.009)

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Stewart-Jones, A., Stirrup, T.J., Hodges, R.J., Farman, D.I. and Hall, D.R. (2009) Analysis of free fatty acids in food substrates and in the dust and frass of stored-product pests: Potential for species discrimination? Journal of Stored Products Research, 45 (2). pp. 119-124. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2008.10.003)

arrestment

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Artemisia annua

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Artemisinin

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

arthropod

Graham, Robert I., Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L. and Wilson, Kenneth (2012) Wolbachia in a major African crop pest increases susceptibility to viral disease rather than protects. Ecology Letters, 15 (9). pp. 993-1000. ISSN 1461-023X (Print), 1461-0248 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01820.x)

artisanal rice parboiling

Manful, John T., Abbey, Lawrence D. and Coker, Raymond D. (2009) Effect of artisanal parboiling methods on milling yield and cooked rice textural characteristics. Journal of Food Quality, 32 (6). pp. 725-734. ISSN 0146-9428 (Print), 1745-4557 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2009.00283.x)

Arylbenzofuran

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Phythian, Sara J., Veitch, Nigel C. and Hall, David R. (2006) Synthesis of cicerfuran, an antifungal benzofuran, and some related analogues. Tetrahedron, 62 (17). pp. 4214-4226. ISSN 0040-4020 (doi:10.1016/j.tet.2006.02.015)

ascorbic acid

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P. H., Cobb, Andrerw H. and Monaghan, James M. (2015) High- but not low-intensity light leads to oxidative stress and quality loss of cold-stored baby leaf spinach. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95 (9). pp. 1821-1829. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6880)

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P.H., Cobb, Andrew H. and Monaghan, James M. (2013) Can hot water treatments enhance or maintain postharvest quality of spinach leaves? Postharvest Biology and Technology, 81. pp. 23-28. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.02.004)

Ashanti region

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

Asia

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Asian

Yadav, Shyam S., Stevenson, Philip C., Rizvi, A.H., Manohar, M., Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 33-46. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_4 for chapter))

asparagus

Simantara, P., Rees, D. and Westby, A. (2010) Potential non-chemical methods for use against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in green asparagus. In: Herppich, W.B., (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. Acta Horticulturae (858). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 325-328. ISBN 978-90-66052-06-2 ISSN 0567-7572

assessment method

Compton, J.A.F., Wright, M., Gay, C. and Stabrawa, A. (1992) A rapid method for loss assessment in stored maize and dried cassava. Interim report for project R5103. [Working Paper]

assimilation

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

attracticide

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

attraction

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

augmentation

Tang, Sanyi, Tang, Guangyao and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Optimum timing for integrated pest management: Modelling rates of pesticide application and natural enemy releases. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 264 (2). pp. 623-638. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.02.034)

auxin

Atkinson, Christopher J. and Else, Mark A. (2012) Hydraulic conductivity and PAT determine hierarchical resource partitioning and ramet development along Fragaria stolons. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63 (14). pp. 5093-5104. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/ers155)

Thompson, Elinor (2013) A fertile field: the mutual influence and parallel histories of auxin and flavonoids. In: Chen, Rujin and Baluška, František, (eds.) Polar Auxin Transport. Signaling and Communication in Plants (17). Springer-Verlag, pp. 311-336. ISBN 9783642352980

avocado

Hallam, David and Molina, Juan Patricio (1988) The United Kingdom market for fresh exotic fruit (ODNRI Bulletin No. 13). [Working Paper]

axillary shoot multiplication

Thokozani, Blackson L.K., Zulu, Donald, Sileshi, Gudeta W., Teklehaimanot, Zewge, Gondwe, Dominic S.B., Sarasan, Viswambharan and Stevenson, Philip (2011) Seed germination and in vitro regeneration of the African medicinal and pesticidal plant, Bobgunnia madagascariensis. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (32). pp. 5959-5966. ISSN 1684-5315

Azadirachta

Nyirenda, Stephen P., Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Kamanula, John F., Mvumi, Brighton M., Sola, Phosiso, Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers’ ethno-ecological knowledge of vegetable pests and pesticidal plant use in Malawi and Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (6). pp. 1525-1537. ISSN 1991-637X

bacilliform virus

Bousalem, M., Douzery, E.J.P. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Taxonomy, molecular phylogeny and evolution of plant reverse transcribing viruses (family Caulimoviridae) inferred from full-length genome and reverse transcriptase sequences. Archives of Virology, 153 (6). pp. 1085-1102. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0095-9)

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

Bacillus thuringiensis

Bizzarri, Mariangela F. (2006) The ecology of Bacillus thuringiensis on the phylloplane. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Shelton, A.M., Gujar, G.T., Chen, M., Rauf, A., Srinivasan, R., Kalia, V., Mittal, A., Kumari, A., Ramesh, K., Borkakatti, R., Zhao, J.Z., Endersby, N., Russell, D., Wu, Y.D. and Uijtewaal, B. (2009) Assessing the susceptibility of cruciferous Lepidoptera to Cry1Ba2 and Cry1Ca4 for future transgenic cruciferous vegetables. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102 (6). pp. 2217-2223. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online)

bacterial diversity

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

Bactericera cockerelli

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

baculovirus

D'Cunha, Reju Francis (2007) Impact of host plants on the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus as a biopesticide against insect pest Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Graham, Robert I., Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L. and Wilson, Kenneth (2012) Wolbachia in a major African crop pest increases susceptibility to viral disease rather than protects. Ecology Letters, 15 (9). pp. 993-1000. ISSN 1461-023X (Print), 1461-0248 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01820.x)

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

Redman, Elizabeth M., Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Cory, Jenny S. (2010) High levels of genetic diversity in Spodoptera exempta NPV from Tanzania. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 105 (2). pp. 190-193. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2010.06.008)

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

baculoviruses

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

badnavirus

Bousalem, M., Douzery, E.J.P. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Taxonomy, molecular phylogeny and evolution of plant reverse transcribing viruses (family Caulimoviridae) inferred from full-length genome and reverse transcriptase sequences. Archives of Virology, 153 (6). pp. 1085-1102. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0095-9)

Seal, Susan, Turaki, Aliyu, Muller, Emmanuelle, Kumar, P. Lava, Kenyon, Lawrence, Filloux, Denis, Galzi, Serge, Lopez-Montes, Antonio and Iskra-Caruana, Marie-Line (2014) The prevalence of badnaviruses in West African yams (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata) and evidence of endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in their genomes. Virus Research, 186. pp. 144-154. ISSN 0168-1702 (Print), 1872-7492 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.01.007)

bag container

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

bagstacks

Gough, M.C., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Brueton, A.C. (1989) The physical effects of tropical seasons on bagstacks of grain (ODNRI Bulletin No. 21). [Working Paper]

balantine nut

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

BALB/c mice

Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hove, Thokozani, Mvumi, Brighton M., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Belmain, Steven R., Madzimure, James and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6 (13). pp. 2674-2680. ISSN 1996-0875 (doi:10.5897/JMPR11.1767)

bamboo masting

UNSPECIFIED (2010) Rodent outbreaks: ecology and impacts. In: Singleton, Grant R., Belmain, Steve R., Brown, Peter R. and Hardy, Bill, (eds.) International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines. ISBN 9789712202575

banana

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Kenyon, Lawrence, Lebas, B.S.M. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Yams (Dioscorea spp.) from the South Pacific Islands contain many novel badnaviruses: Implications for international movement of yam germplasm. Archives of Virology, 153 (5). pp. 877-889. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0062-5)

banana bunchy top virus

Lava Kumar, P., Ayodele, M., Oben, T.T., Mahungu, N.M., Beed, F., Coyne, D., Londa, L., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) First report of Banana bunchy top virus in banana and plantain (Musa spp.) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01974.x)

banana-streak-virus

Bousalem, M., Douzery, E.J.P. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Taxonomy, molecular phylogeny and evolution of plant reverse transcribing viruses (family Caulimoviridae) inferred from full-length genome and reverse transcriptase sequences. Archives of Virology, 153 (6). pp. 1085-1102. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0095-9)

bands

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Bangaladesh

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Alam, S.N., Kader, K.A., Cork, Alan and Colvin, John (2006) A novel begomovirus with distinct genomic and phenotypic features infects tomato in Bangladesh. Plant Pathology, 55 (2). p. 290. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01275.x)

Bangladesh

Cork, Alan, Kamal, Nazira Quaraishi, Ahmed, Sarwar, Jayanth, D.K.P. and Casagrande, E. (2006) Commercial adoption of pheromones as a component in ICM of rice in Bangladesh. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 165-170. ISBN 0954645278

Hossain, M.F., Elahi, S.F., White, S.K., Alam, Q.K., Rother, J.A. and Gaunt, J.L. (2012) Nitrogen budgets for Boro rice (Oryza sativa L.) fields in Bangladesh. Field Crops Research, 131. pp. 97-109. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2012.02.029)

Mortimer, A.M., Mazid, M.A. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Long-term sustainability in weed management for direct seeding of rainfed rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 67-78. ISBN 9712202291

Mortimer, A.M., Riches, C.R., Mazid, M., Pandey, S. and Johnson, D.E. (2008) Issues related to direct seeding of rice in rainfed cropping systems in northwest Bangladesh. In: Singh, Y., Singh, V.P., Chauhan, B., Orr, Alastair, Mortimer, A.M., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Direct Seeding of Rice and Weed Management in the Irrigated Rice-Wheat Cropping System of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines, pp. 23-30. ISBN 978-971-22-0236-0

Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z., Rani Das, Sumona and Chancellor, Tim B.C. (2007) Motivations behind farmers’ pesticide use in Bangladesh rice farming. Agriculture and Human Values, 24 (3). pp. 323-332. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-007-9071-3)

Barind Tract

Orr, Alastair, Jabbar, M.A., Mazid, M.A. and Karmakar, B. (2008) Decision-making for rabi cropping in the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh: a farmer perspective. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 157-174. ISBN 9712202291

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

barley

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

Bayesian approach

Martín, Manuel Montesino-San, Olesen, Jørgen E. and Porter, John R. (2015) Can crop-climate models be accurate and precise? A case study for wheat production in Denmark. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 202. pp. 51-60. ISSN 0168-1923 (doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.11.003)

Bayesian hierarchical modelling

Low, Matthew, Tsegaye, Admasu, Ignell, Rickard, Hill, Sharon, Elleby, Rasmus, Feltelius, Vilhelm and Hopkins, Richard (2016) The importance of accounting for larval detectability in mosquito habitat-association studies. Malaria Journal, 15:253. ISSN 1475-2875 (Print), 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-016-1308-4)

beans

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

Becker-DeGroot-Marschak mechanism

Birol, Ekin, Meenakshi, J. V., Oparinde, Adewale, Perez, Salomon and Tomlins, Keith (2015) Developing country consumers’ acceptance of biofortified foods: a synthesis. Food Security, 7 (3). pp. 555-568. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-015-0464-7)

Bees

Stevenson, Philip C., Nicolson, Susan W. and Wright, Geraldine A. (2016) Plant secondary metabolites in nectar: impacts on pollinators and ecological functions. Functional Ecology, 31. pp. 65-75. ISSN 0269-8463 (Print), 1365-2435 (Online) (doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12761)

begomorovirus

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

begomovirus

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S. and Thresh, J.M. (2002) First report of a distinct begomovirus infecting cassava in Zanzibar. Plant Disease, 86 (2). p. 187. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.187A)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Sharma, A., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Dubey, R.K. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Duranta leaf curl disease in India is associated with a begomovirus. Indian Journal of Virology, 20. pp. 5-6. ISSN 0970-2822

Wasswa, P., Otto, B., Maruthi, M.N., Mukasa, S.B., Monger, W. and Gibson, R.W. (2011) First identification of a sweet potato begomovirus (sweepovirus) in Uganda: Characterization, detection and distribution. Plant Pathology, 60 (6). pp. 1030-1039. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02464.x)

begomovirus (sweepovirus)

Wasswa, Peter (2012) Sweet potato viruses in Uganda: identification of a new virus, a mild strain of an old virus and reversion. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

begomoviruses

Aswatha Narayana, D.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Shankarappa, K.S., Maruthi, M.N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Rekha, A.R. and Keshava Murthy, K.V. (2007) Distinct begomoviruses closely related to cassava mosaic viruses cause Indian Jatropha mosaic disease. International Journal of Virology, 3 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1816-4900 (doi:10.3923/ijv.2007.1.11)

Chowda-Reddy, R.V., Kirankumar, M., Seal, Susan E., Muniyappa, V., Valand, Girish B., Govindappa, M.R. and Colvin, John (2012) Bemisia tabaci phylogenetic groups in India and the relative transmission efficacy of Tomato leaf curl Bangalore virus by an indigenous and an exotic population. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 235-248. ISSN 2095-3119 (doi:10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60008-2)

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Alam, S.N., Kader, K.A., Cork, Alan and Colvin, John (2006) A novel begomovirus with distinct genomic and phenotypic features infects tomato in Bangladesh. Plant Pathology, 55 (2). p. 290. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01275.x)

behavioural bioassay

Nguyen, Duong T. (2008) Effects of starvation period on the locomotory response of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.). Journal of Stored Product Research, 44 (1). pp. 100-102. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.007)

Bemisia afer

Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, R.J., Mtunda, K., Raya, M.D., Muhanna, M., Kiozia, H., Rekha, A.R., Colvin, J. and Thresh, J.M. (2005) Transmission of Cassava brown streak virus by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Journal Of Phytopathology, 153 (5). pp. 307-312. ISSN 0931-1785 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.00974.x)

Bemisia after

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Bemisia tabaci

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Banks, G.K., Colvin, J., Chowda, Reddy R.V., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V., Venkatesh, H.M., Kiran Kumar, M., Padmaja, A.S., Beitia, F.J. and Seal, S.E. (2001) First report of the Bemisia tabaci B biotype in India and an associated tomato leaf curl virus disease epidemic. Plant Disease, 85 (2). p. 231. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.2.231C)

Boykin, Laura M., Kinene, Tonny, Wainaina, James M., Savill, Anders, Seal, Susan, Mugerwa, Habibu, Macfadyen, Sarina, Tay, Wee Tek, De Barro, Paul, Kubatko, Laura, Alicai, Titus, Omongo, Christopher A., Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph and Sseruwagi, Peter (2018) Review and guide to a future naming system of African Bemisia tabaci species. Systematic Entomology. ISSN 0307-6970 (Print), 1365-3113 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1111/syen.12294)

Chowda-Reddy, R.V., Kirankumar, M., Seal, Susan E., Muniyappa, V., Valand, Girish B., Govindappa, M.R. and Colvin, John (2012) Bemisia tabaci phylogenetic groups in India and the relative transmission efficacy of Tomato leaf curl Bangalore virus by an indigenous and an exotic population. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 235-248. ISSN 2095-3119 (doi:10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60008-2)

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

Legg, J.P., Jeremiah, S.C., Obiero, H.M., Maruthi, M.N., Ndyetabula, I., Okao-Okuja, G., Bouwmeester, H., Bigirimana, S., Tata-Hangy, W., Gashaka, G., Mkamilo, G., Alicai, T. and Lava Kumar, P. (2011) Comparing the regional epidemiology of the cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak virus pandemics in Africa. Virus Research, 159 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2011.04.018)

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S., Gibson, G. and Cooper, J. (2002) Co-adaptation between cassava mosaic geminiviruses and their local vector populations. Virus Research, 86 (1-2). pp. 71-85. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/S0168-1702(02)00051-5)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, John, Gibson, Gabriella, Thwaites, Richard M., Banks, Gina K. and Seal, Susan E. (2004) Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Systematic Entomology, 29 (4). pp. 560-568. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00272.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Czosnek, H., Vidavski, F., Tarba, S-Y., Milo, J., Leviatov, S., Venkatesh, H.M., Padmaja, A.S., Kulkarni, R.S. and Muniyappa, V. (2003) Comparison of resistance to tomato leaf curl virus (India) and tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Israel) among Lycopersicon wild species, breeding lines and hybrids. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 109 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1022091905911)

Maruthi, M.N., Manjunatha, B., Rekha, A.R., Govindappa, M.R., Colvin, John and Muniyappa, V. (2006) Dolichos yellow mosaic virus belongs to a distinct lineage of Old World begomoviruses; its biological and molecular properties. Annals of Applied Biology, 149 (2). pp. 187-195. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00075.x)

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Seal, Susan, Jeger, M.J. and vandenBosch, F. (2006) Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 23-46. ISSN 0735-2689 (doi:10.1080/07352680500365257)

Shankarappa, K.S., Sriharsha, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Prameela, H.A., Kulkarni, R.S., Muniyappa, V., Rao, A.M. and Maruthi, M.N. (2008) Development of tomato hybrids resistant to tomato leaf curl virus disease in South India. Euphytica, 164 (2). pp. 531-539. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-008-9750-1)

Xie, Wen, Chen, Chunhai, Yang, Zezhong, Guo, Litao, Yang, Xin, Wang, Dan, Chen, Ming, Huang, Jinqun, Wen, Yanan, Zeng, Yang, Lui, Yating, Xia, Jixing, Tian, Lixia, Cui, Hongying, Wu, Qingjun, Wang, Shaoli, Xu, Baoyun, Li, Xianchun, Tan, Xinqiu, Ghanim, Murad, Qiu, Baoli, Pan, Huipeng, Chu, Dong, Delatte, Helene, Maruthi, M.N., Ge, Feng, Zhou, Xueping, Wang, Xiaowei, Wan, Fanghao, Du, Yuzhou, Luo, Chen, Yan, Fengming, Preisser, Evan L., Jiao, Xiaguo, Coates, Brad S., Zhao, Yinyang, Gao, Qiang, Xia, Jinquan, Yin, Ye, Liu, Yong, Brown, Judith K., Zhou, Xuguo Joe and Zhang, Youjun (2017) Genome sequencing of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemsia tabaci MED/Q. GigaScience, 6 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2041-1723 (doi:10.1093/gigascience/gix018)

Bemisia tabaci whitefly species

Mugerwa, Habibu, Seal, Susan, Wang, Hua-Ling, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Kabaalu, Richard, Omongo, Christopher A., Alicai, Titus, Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph, Sseruwagi, Peter and Colvin, John (2018) African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species. Scientific Reports, 8 (1):2734. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20956-3)

bench terraces

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

beneficial insect predators

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

beneficiary

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

benefits

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2012) The impact of Fairtrade: Evidence, shaping factors, and future pathways. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 42-63. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.005)

Betabaculovirus

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

Bi-threshold value

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Dynamical analysis of plant disease models with cultural control strategies and economic thresholds. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 80 (5). pp. 894-921. ISSN 0378-4754 (doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2009.10.004)

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Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Bidens pilosa

Muchuweti, M., Kasiamhuru, A., Benhura, M. A. N., Chipurura, B., Amuna, P., Zotor, F. and Parawira, W. (2009) Assessment of the nutritional value of wild leafy vegetables consumed in the Buhera District of Zimbabwe: a preliminary study. In: Acta horticulturae. International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium, pp. 823-830. ISBN 978-90-66057-01-2 ISSN 0567-7572

big vein disease

Latham, Lindrea Jane (2008) The epidemiology and management of fungal- and nonpersistent aphid-borne plant viruses in a Mediterranean type climate. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

bioaccessibility

Bechoff, Aurélie, Poulaert, Marie, Tomlins, Keith I., Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey, Young, Stephen and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2011) Retention and bioaccessibility of β-carotene in blended foods containing orange-fleshed sweet potato flour. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (18). pp. 10373-10380. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf201205y)

biochar

Jay, Chantelle, Fitzgerald, Jean, Hipps, Neil and Atkinson, Christopher (2015) Why short-term biochar application has no yield benefits; evidence from three field-grown crops. Soil Use and Management, 31 (2). pp. 241-250. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (doi:10.1111/sum.12181)

biochemistry

James, David John (1974) A cytochemical and biochemical study of acid hydrolases in developing plant cells, with particular reference to non-specific esterases. PhD thesis, Thames Polytechnic.

biodiversity

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

biofortification

Birol, Ekin, Meenakshi, J. V., Oparinde, Adewale, Perez, Salomon and Tomlins, Keith (2015) Developing country consumers’ acceptance of biofortified foods: a synthesis. Food Security, 7 (3). pp. 555-568. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-015-0464-7)

De Groote, Hugo, Chege, Christine Kiria, Tomlins, Keith and Gunaratna, Nilupa S. (2014) Combining experimental auctions with a modified home-use test to assess rural consumers' acceptance of quality protein maize, a biofortified crop. Food Quality and Preference, 38. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0950-3293 (doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2014.04.014)

Meenakshi, J.V., Banerji, A., Manyong, Victor, Tomlins, Keith, Mittala, Nitya and Hamukwala, Priscilla (2012) Using a discrete choice experiment to elicit the demand for a nutritious food: Willingness-to-pay for orange maize in rural Zambia. Journal of Health Economics, 31 (1). pp. 62-71. ISSN 0167-6296 (doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2012.01.002)

Namanda, Sam (2012) Current and potential systems for maintaining sweetpotato planting material in areas with prolonged dry seasons: a biological, social and economic framework. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

biofortified cassava

Bechoff, Aurelie, Chijioke, Ugo, Tomlins, Keith I., Govinden, Pesila, Ilona, Paul, Westby, Andrew and Boy, Erick (2015) Carotenoid stability during storage of yellow gari made from biofortified cassava or with palm oil. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 44. pp. 36-44. ISSN 0889-1575 (doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2015.06.002)

Biofortified crops

Bechoff, Aurélie and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2016) Factors influencing micronutrient bioavailability in biofortified crops. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1390. pp. 74-87. ISSN 0077-8923 (Print), 1749-6632 (Online) (doi:10.1111/nyas.13301)

Biofuel crops

Khongnawang, Tibet and Williams, Meredith (2015) Land suitability evaluation using GIS-based multi-criteria decision making for bio-fuel crops cultivation in KhonKaen, Thailand. In: International Soil Conference 2015, 18-21 August 2015, The Regent Cha Am Beach Resort, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (Unpublished)

biofuels

Porter, John R., Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Felby, Claus and Olesen, Jørgen E. (2008) Biofuels: Putting current practices in perspective. Science, 320 (5882). p. 1421. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.320.5882.1421)

Bioko

Cheke, Robert A., Meyer, Rolf R.F., Barro, Tele, Mas, Jordi, Sima, Anacleto Nsue, Abaga, Simon Ekwa, Noma, Mounkaila, Sékétéli, Azo V. and Wilson, Michael D. (2009) Towards the elimination of the Bioko form of Simulium yahense from Bioko: planning and insecticide trials. Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 19 (2). pp. 132-141. ISSN 1648-6919 (doi:10.2478/v10043-009-0013-8)

Biological control

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2013) Adaptive release of natural enemies in a pest-natural enemy system with pesticide resistance. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 75 (11). pp. 2167-2195. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-013-9886-6)

Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Xiao, Yanni (2009) Effects of predator and prey dispersal on success or failure of biological control. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 71 (8). pp. 2025-2047. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-009-9438-2)

biological control agents

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

biopesticide

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

biopesticides

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

Stevenson, Philip C., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Mvumi, Brighton, Sola, Phosiso, Kamanula, John M., Sileshi, Gudeta and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Pesticidal plants: a viable alternative insect pest management approach for resource-poor farming in Africa. In: Koul, Opender, Khokhar, Sucheta, Dhaliwal, D.S. and Singh, Ram, (eds.) Biopesticides in Environment and Food Security: Issues and Strategies. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India, pp. 212-238. ISBN 9788172337971

Biorational pest management

Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2016) Pesticidal plants in African agriculture: Local uses and global perspectives. Outlooks on Pest Management, 27 (5):10. pp. 226-230. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v27_oct_10)

Biosecurity

Black, Robert (2017) The Impact of Brexit on Biosecurity. In: Breaking Down Brexit for Businesses and Citizens, 3 July 2017, Ashurst, 9 Appold Way, London EC2A 2AP. (Unpublished)

Black, Robert (2017) Where will the UK's borders lie? UK Plant biosecurity legislation after Brexit. In: Fera innovation in Plant Biosecurity 2017, 15-16 March 2017, Fera, National Agri-Food innovation campus, Sand Hutton, York. (Unpublished)

biosynthesis

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

Biotechnology

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

Thomas, Helen Sarah (2015) The role of chemicals in the location of host plants by midge pests of UK fruit crops. MPhil thesis, University of Greenwich.

biotype

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

biotypes

Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Rekha, A.R., Raghavendra, N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Chancellor, Tim and Maruthi, M.N. (2007) Development of silverleaf assay, protein and nucleic acid-based diagnostic techniques for the quick and reliable detection and monitoring of biotype B of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97 (5). pp. 503-513. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1017/S0007485307005251)

bird pest control

Cheke, Robert A., Venn, Jon F. and Jones, Peter J. (2007) Forecasting suitable breeding conditions for the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea in southern Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44 (3). pp. 523-533. ISSN 0021-8901 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01295.x)

bird predation

Cheke, Robert A., Mullie, W.C. and Ibrahim, A.B. (2006) Synergy between bird predation and locust control with Metarhizium. In: ANCAP/SETAC International Conference on pesticide use in developing countries: environmental fate, effects and public health implications, 16-20 Oct 2006, Arusha, Tanzania. (Unpublished)

Bisabolene

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Innocenzi, Paul J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Chemical and electrophysiological studies on Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9789953010632

Bistability

Xiang, Changcheng, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert and Qin, Wenjie (2016) A locust phase change model with multiple switching states and random perturbation. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos (ijbc), 26 (13):1630037. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0218-1274 (Print), 1793-6551 (Online) (doi:10.1142/S0218127416300378)

black bean aphid

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

bobgunnia madagascariensis

Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hove, Thokozani, Mvumi, Brighton M., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Belmain, Steven R., Madzimure, James and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6 (13). pp. 2674-2680. ISSN 1996-0875 (doi:10.5897/JMPR11.1767)

Bombus terrestris

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Idrovo, M. Eduardo Peralta, Arias, Luis J. Lomas, Belmain, Steven R. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2014) Herbivore defence compounds occur in pollen and reduce bumblebee colony fitness. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 40 (8). pp. 878-881. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-014-0467-4)

boneset

Habtemariam, S. (2008) Activity-guided isolation and identification of free radical-scavenging components from ethanolic extract of boneset (leaves of Eupatorium perfoliatum). Natural Product Communications, 3 (8). pp. 1317-1320. ISSN 1934-578X (Print), 1555-9475 (Online)

Borders

Black, Robert (2017) The Impact of Brexit on Biosecurity. In: Breaking Down Brexit for Businesses and Citizens, 3 July 2017, Ashurst, 9 Appold Way, London EC2A 2AP. (Unpublished)

boron

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

bostrichidae

Nguyen, Duong T., Hodges, Rick J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2007) Do walking Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) locate cereal hosts by chance? Journal of Stored Products Research, 44 (1). pp. 90-99. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.008)

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

botanical insecticide

Sarasan, Viswambharan, Kite, Geoffrey C., Sileshi, Gudeta W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Applications of phytochemical and in vitro techniques for reducing over-harvesting of medicinal and pesticidal plants and generating income for the rural poor. Plant Cell Reports, 30 (7). pp. 1163-1172. ISSN 0721-7714 (Print), 1432-203X (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00299-011-1047-5)

Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2016) Pesticidal plants in African agriculture: Local uses and global perspectives. Outlooks on Pest Management, 27 (5):10. pp. 226-230. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v27_oct_10)

botanical insecticides

Dales, M.J. (1996) A review of plant materials used for controlling insect pests of stored products (NRI Bulletin 65). [Working Paper]

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

Ogendo, J.O., Belmain, S.R., Deng, A.L. and Walker, D.J. (2003) Comparison of toxic and repellent effects of Lantana camara L. with Tephrosia vogelii hook and a synthetic pesticide against Sitophilus zeamais motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 23 (02). pp. 127-135. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1017/S1742758400020348)

Sola, P., Mvumi, B. M., Ogendo, J. O., Mponda, O., Kamanula, J. F., Nyirenda, S. P., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2014) Botanical pesticide production, trade and regulatory mechanisms in sub-Saharan Africa: making a case for plant-based pesticidal products. Food Security, 6 (3). pp. 369-384. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0343-7)

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

botanical protectants

Dales, M.J. (1996) A review of plant materials used for controlling insect pests of stored products (NRI Bulletin 65). [Working Paper]

Botrytis gray mold

Pande, S., Sharma, M., Neupane, R.K., Chaudhary, R.N., Rao, J.N., Grzywacz, David, Baurai, V.A. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2009) Integrated crop management strategy for improved chickpea production and its impact on the livelihoods of farmers in Nepal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 37 (1&2). pp. 139-146. ISSN 0253-4355

Botswana

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

box container

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

brasicca

Nyirenda, Stephen P., Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Kamanula, John F., Mvumi, Brighton M., Sola, Phosiso, Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers’ ethno-ecological knowledge of vegetable pests and pesticidal plant use in Malawi and Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (6). pp. 1525-1537. ISSN 1991-637X

Brassica

Hale, Kerry L., Tufan, Hale A., Pickering, Ingrid J., George, Graham N., Terry, Norman, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2002) Anthocyanins facilitate tungsten accumulation in Brassica. Physiologia Plantarum, 116 (3). pp. 351-358. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1160310.x)

brassica crops

Russell, Derek A. (2008) Insect resistant cabbage and cauliflower: the CIMBAA public-private partnership. In: Dhawan, Vibha, (ed.) Agriculture for food security and rural growth. TERI Press The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi. ISBN 978-8179931523

Brassica horticulture

Springate, Simon (2016) The cabbage whitefly, aleyrodes Proletella: causes of outbreaks and potential solutions. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Brassica oleracea

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

breeding

Morgounov, Alexey, Tufan, Hale Ann, Sharma, Ram, Akin, Beyhan, Bagci, Ahmet, Braun, Hans-Joachim, Kaya, Yuksel, Keser, Mesut, Payne, Thomas S., Sonder, Kai and McIntosh, Robert (2012) Global incidence of wheat rusts and powdery mildew during 1969-2010 and durability of resistance of winter wheat variety Bezostaya 1. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 132 (3). pp. 323-340. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10658-011-9879-y)

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Breteau index

Wang, Xia, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2016) A stage structured mosquito model incorporating effects of precipitation and daily temperature fluctuations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 411. pp. 27-36. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.09.015)

Brexit

Black, Robert (2017) The Impact of Brexit on Biosecurity. In: Breaking Down Brexit for Businesses and Citizens, 3 July 2017, Ashurst, 9 Appold Way, London EC2A 2AP. (Unpublished)

Black, Robert (2017) Where will the UK's borders lie? UK Plant biosecurity legislation after Brexit. In: Fera innovation in Plant Biosecurity 2017, 15-16 March 2017, Fera, National Agri-Food innovation campus, Sand Hutton, York. (Unpublished)

Brindley’s gland

González Audino, P., Alzogaray, R.A., Vassena, C., Masuh, H., Fontán, A., Gatti, P., Martínez, A., Camps, F., Cork, Alan and Zerba, E. (2007) Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley’s glands of adult Triatoma infestans:identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds. Journal of Vector Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 75-82. ISSN 1081-1710

Broccoli

Guerra, Patricia C., Keil, Clifford B., Stevenson, Philip C., Mina, Diego, Samaniego, Servio, Peralt, Eduardo, Mazon, Nelson and Chancellor, Timothy C.B. (2016) Larval performance and adult attraction of Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in a native and an introduced crop. Journal of Economic Entomology, 110 (1). pp. 186-191. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online) (doi:10.1093/jee/tow237)

broken grains (brokens)

Manful, John T., Abbey, Lawrence D. and Coker, Raymond D. (2009) Effect of artisanal parboiling methods on milling yield and cooked rice textural characteristics. Journal of Food Quality, 32 (6). pp. 725-734. ISSN 0146-9428 (Print), 1745-4557 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2009.00283.x)

Brong-Ahafo

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Opoku-Apau, A., Dankyi, A.A. and Delimini, L.L. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Ghana. A study of maize and cowpea seed in the Brong-Ahafo and Volta regions (NRI Bulletin 68). [Working Paper]

broomrape

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

brown locust

Crooks, William T.S. and Cheke, Robert (2014) Soil moisture assessments for brown locust Locustana pardalina breeding potential using synthetic aperture radar. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing (JARS), 8 (1):084898. ISSN 1931-3195 (doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.084898)

bruchid

Stevenson, Philip C., Dayarathna, Thamara K., Belmain, Steven R. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (19). pp. 8860-8867. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf901599j)

bruchids

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

BSMV

Tufan, Hale A., Stefanato, Francesca L., McGrann, Graham R. D., MacCormack, Ruth and Boyd, Lesley A. (2011) The Barley stripe mosaic virus system used for virus-induced gene silencing in cereals differentially affects susceptibility to fungal pathogens in wheat. Journal of Plant Physiology, 168 (9). pp. 990-994. ISSN 0176-1617 (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2010.11.019)

BT

Perry, Joe N. (2011) The effect of BT-maize on butterflies - reckoning the risk. Outlooks on Pest Managment, 22 (5). pp. 199-205. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/22oct02)

Bt cotton

Hillocks, R.J. (2009) GM cotton for Africa. Outlook on Agriculture, 38 (4). pp. 311-316. ISSN 0030-7270 (doi:10.5367/000000009790422142)

Bt-cotton

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R. (2009) Changing trends in cotton pest management. In: Peshin, Rajinder and Dhawan, Ashok K., (eds.) Integrated Pest Management: Innovation-Development Process. Springer Science and Business Media (Netherlands), Dordrecht, pp. 499-541. ISBN 978-1-4020-8991-6 (Print) 978-1-4020-8992-3 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8992-3_17)

Buchnera aphidicola

Bouvaine, Sophie, Boonham, Neil and Douglas, Angela E. (2011) Interactions between a luteovirus and the GroEL chaperonin protein of the symbiotic bacterium Buchnera aphidicola of aphids. Journal of General Virology, 92 (6). pp. 1467-1474. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.029355-0)

Buchnera hispida

Rodenburg, Jonne, Riches, Charles R. and Kayeke, Juma M. (2009) Addressing current and future problems of parasitic weeds in rice. Crop Protection, 29 (3). pp. 210-221. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.10.015)

Bud weevils

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

bulblets

Antonidaki-Giatromanolaki, A., Orchard, J.E., Dragassaki, M. and Vlahos, J.C. (2008) Propagation of Sternbergia sicula, by seed and tissue culture. In: Criley, R.A., (ed.) XXVII International Horticultural Congress - IHC2006: International Symposium on Ornamentals. Acta Horticulturae (766). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 149-154. ISBN 978-90-66051-56-0 ISSN 0567-7572

bulk container

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

bulk maize

Mvumi, Brighton M., Stathers, Tanya, Golob, P. and Giga, D.P. (2006) Penetration of Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) through diatomaceous earth-treated bulk maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 26 (1). pp. 28-34. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1079/IJT200694)

C. brunneus Fabricius

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Mwanga, Robert O.M., Talwana, Herbert, Murumu, J. and Odongo, B. (2007) The relationship between stem base and root damage by Cylas spp. on sweetpotato. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8. pp. 955-957. ISSN 1023-070X

C.A.F.E. Practices

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

CAAPD

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

cabbage whitefly

Springate, Simon and Colvin, John (2011) Pyrethroid insecticide resistance in British populations of the cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella. Pest Management Science, 68 (2). pp. 260-267. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.2255)

caffeic acid ester

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

calactin

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

calibration

Toscano, P., Gioli, B., Genesio, L., Vaccari, F. P., Miglietta, F., Zaldei, A., Crisci, A., Ferrari, E., Bertuzzi, F., La Cava, P., Ronchi, C., Silvestri, M., Peressotti, A. and Porter, J. R. (2014) Durum wheat quality prediction in Mediterranean environments: From local to regional scale. European Journal of Agronomy, 61. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2014.08.003)

Toscano, P., Ranieri, R., Matese, A., Vaccari, F.P., Gioli, B., Zaldei, A., Silvestri, M., Ronchi, C., La Cava, P., Porter, J.R. and Miglietta, F. (2012) Durum wheat modeling: The Delphi system, 11 years of observations in Italy. European Journal of Agronomy, 43. pp. 108-118. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2012.06.003)

Callosobruchus

Kamanula, John, Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Sola, Phosiso, Mvumi, Brighton M., Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C., Nyirenda, Stephen P. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers' insect pest management practices and pesticidal plant use in the protection of stored maize and beans in Southern Africa. International Journal of Pest Management, 57 (1). pp. 41-49. ISSN 1366-5863 (electronic) 0967-0874 (paper) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2010.522264)

Stevenson, Philip C., Dayarathna, Thamara K., Belmain, Steven R. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (19). pp. 8860-8867. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf901599j)

Callosobruchus maculatus

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

callus culture

Smith, Anthony R.W. and Hodson, Andrew (2010) Effects of pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum strain C28, outer membrane and LPS preparations on cherry callus. Journal of Phytopathology, 159 (5). pp. 358-367. ISSN 1439-0434 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2010.01773.x)

calotropin

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

canna

Monger, W.A., Harju, V., Skelton, A., Seal, Susan and Mumford, R.A. (2007) Brief Report: Canna yellow streak virus: a new potyvirus associated with severe streaking symptoms in canna. Archives of Virology, 152 (8). pp. 1527-1530. ISSN 0304-8608 (doi:10.1007/s00705-007-0977-2)

carbohydrates

Rees, Deborah, van Oirschot, Quirien and Aked, Julia (2008) The role of carbohydrates in wound-healing of sweetpotato roots at low humidity. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 50 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2008.03.019)

carbon

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

carbon dioxide

Ibrahim, Iskander, Richards, Jack, Rickard, Abigail and Thompson, Elinor (2016) Role of a rhomboid protease in a CO2-concentrating mechanism. In: Royal Society Discussion meeting Enhancing photosynthesis in crop plants: targets for improvement. Royal Society. (In Press)

Simantara, Pojana (2009) Effect of heat and high carbon dioxide treatments on quality of green asparagus and the potential of these treatments for thirps disinfestation. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

carbon footprinting

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

carbon sequestration

Noponen, Martin R.A., Healey, John R., Soto, Gabriela and Haggar, Jeremy P. (2013) Sink or source—The potential of coffee agroforestry systems to sequester atmospheric CO2 into soil organic carbon. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 175. pp. 60-68. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.012)

carbon stocks

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

carbon storage

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

Caribbean

Holt, J., Pavis, C., Marquier, M., Chancellor, T.C.B., Urbino, C. and Boissot, N. (2008) Insect-screened cultivation to reduce the invasion of tomato crops by Bemisia tabaci: modelling the impact on virus disease and vector. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 10 (1). pp. 61-67. ISSN 1461-9555 (Print), 1461-9563 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1461-9563.2007.00356.x)

carlavirus

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, R.W., Lesemann, D.E. and Vetten, H.J. (2009) Host range, purification, and genetic variability in Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus. Plant Disease, 93 (1). pp. 87-93. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-93-1-0087)

carotenoid

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Owori, Constance, Menya, Geoffrey, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dufour, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2009) Effect of drying and storage on the degradation of total carotenoids in orange-fleshed sweetpotato cultivars. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90 (4). pp. 622-629. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.3859)

Tomlins, Keith, Owori, Constance, Bechoff, Aurelie, Menya, Geoffrey and Westby, Andrew (2011) Relationship among the carotenoid content, dry matter content and sensory attributes of sweet potato. Food Chemistry, 131 (1). pp. 14-21. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.07.072)

Carotenoid bioavailability

Bechoff, Aurélie and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2016) Factors influencing micronutrient bioavailability in biofortified crops. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1390. pp. 74-87. ISSN 0077-8923 (Print), 1749-6632 (Online) (doi:10.1111/nyas.13301)

carotenoid degradation

Bechoff, A., Tomlins, K.I., Dhuique-Mayer, C. and Westby, A. (2009) Understanding losses of provitamin A after drying and storage of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomea batatas). In: The Fifteenth Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops, 2-6 Nov 2009, Lima, Peru.

Bechoff, Aurelie, Chijioke, Ugo, Tomlins, Keith I., Govinden, Pesila, Ilona, Paul, Westby, Andrew and Boy, Erick (2015) Carotenoid stability during storage of yellow gari made from biofortified cassava or with palm oil. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 44. pp. 36-44. ISSN 0889-1575 (doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2015.06.002)

carotenoid losses

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Dufour, Dominique, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Marouzé, C., Owori, Constance, Menya, Geoffrey and Tomlins, Keith (2007) Effect of drying and storage on the content of provitamin A of orange fleshed sweet potato (Ipomoa batatas): direct sun radiations do not have significant impact. In: 10th Triennial Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops - African Branch (ISTRC-AB), 8-12 Oct 2007, Maputo, Mozambique. (Unpublished)

carotenoids

Bechoff, A., Dufour, D., Dhuique-Mayer, C., Marouzé, C., Reynes, M. and Westby, A. (2008) Effect of hot air, solar and sun drying treatments on provitamin A retention in orange-fleshed sweetpotato. Journal of Food Engineering, 92 (2). pp. 164-171. ISSN 0260-8774 (doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2008.10.034)

Bechoff, Aurelie, Tomlins, Keith, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dove, Richard and Westby, Andrew (2010) On-farm evaluation of the impact of drying and storage on the carotenoid content of orange-fleshed sweet potato (Ipomea batata Lam.). International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 46 (1). pp. 52-60. ISSN 0950-5423 (Print), 1365-2621 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2010.02450.x)

Bechoff, Aurélie (2010) Investigating carotenoid loss after drying and storage of orange-fleshed sweet potato. PhD thesis, Natural Resources Institute.

Bechoff, Aurélie, Poulaert, Marie, Tomlins, Keith I., Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey, Young, Stephen and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2011) Retention and bioaccessibility of β-carotene in blended foods containing orange-fleshed sweet potato flour. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (18). pp. 10373-10380. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf201205y)

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey and Tomlins, Keith I. (2011) Effect of pretreatments for retaining total carotenoids in dried and stored orange-fleshed-sweet potato chips. Journal of Food Quality, 34 (4). pp. 259-267. ISSN 1745-4557 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2011.00391.x)

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P.H., Cobb, Andrew H. and Monaghan, James M. (2013) Can hot water treatments enhance or maintain postharvest quality of spinach leaves? Postharvest Biology and Technology, 81. pp. 23-28. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.02.004)

cashew nut

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

cassava

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020)

Abdulsalam-Saghir, P. B., Bennett, Ben, Quaye, W., Phu Tu, Viet, Sanni, L. O. and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Gender analysis of households' decision-making to reduce post-harvest losses of cassava in Ghana, Nigeria, and Vietnam. Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 53-70. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.014)

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Compton, J.A.F., Wright, M., Gay, C. and Stabrawa, A. (1992) A rapid method for loss assessment in stored maize and dried cassava. Interim report for project R5103. [Working Paper]

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

Legg, James, Somado, Eklou Attiogbevi, Barker, Ian, Beach, Larry, Ceballos, Hernan, Cuellar, Willmer, Elkhoury, Warid, Gerling, Dan, Helsen, Jan, Hershey, Clair, Jarvis, Andy, Kulakow, Peter, Kumar, Lava, Lorenzen, Jim, Lynam, John, McMahon, Matthew, Maruthi, Gowda, Miano, Doug, Mtunda, Kiddo, Natwuruhunga, Pheneas, Okogbenin, Emmanuel, Pezo, Phemba, Terry, Eugene, Thiele, Graham, Thresh, Mike, Wadsworth, Jonathan, Walsh, Steve, Winter, Stephan, Tohme, Joe and Fauquet, Claude (2014) A global alliance declaring war on cassava viruses in Africa. Food Security, 6 (2). pp. 231-248. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0340-x)

Maruthi, M.N., Bouvaine, Sophie, Tufan, Hale A., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Hillocks, Rory J. (2014) Transcriptional response of virus-infected cassava and identification of putative sources of resistance for cassava brown streak disease. PLoS ONE, 9 (5):e96642. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096642)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S. and Thresh, J.M. (2002) First report of a distinct begomovirus infecting cassava in Zanzibar. Plant Disease, 86 (2). p. 187. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.187A)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, John, Gibson, Gabriella, Thwaites, Richard M., Banks, Gina K. and Seal, Susan E. (2004) Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Systematic Entomology, 29 (4). pp. 560-568. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00272.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

Mbanzibwa, D.R., Tian, Y.P., Tugume, A.K., Patil, B.L., Yadav, J.S., Bagewadi, B., Abarshi, M.M., Alicai, T., Changadeya, W., Mkumbira, J., Muli, M.B., Mukasa, S.B., Tairo, F., Baguma, Y., Kyamanywa, S., Kullaya, A., Maruthi, M.N., Fauquet, C.M. and Valkonen, J.P.T. (2010) Evolution of cassava brown streak disease-associated viruses. Journal of General Virology, 92 (4). pp. 974-987. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.026922-0)

Mohammed, I. U., Ghosh, Saptarshi and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Host and virus effects on reversion in cassava affected by cassava brown streak disease. Plant Pathology, 65 (4). pp. 593-600. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ppa.12458)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012:795697. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Naziri, Diego, Quaye, Wilhelmina, Siwoku, Bernard, Wanlapatit, Sittichoke, Viet Phu, Tu and Bennett, Ben (2014) The diversity of postharvest losses in cassava value chains in selected developing countries. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 115 (2). pp. 111-123. ISSN 1612-9830 (Print), 2363-6033 (Online)

Obadina, A.O., Oyewole, O.B., Sanni, L.O., Tomlins, K.I. and Westby, A. (2009) Improvement of the hygienic quality of wet 'fufu' produced in South West Nigeria. Food Control, 21 (5). pp. 639-643. ISSN 0956-7135 (doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.09.009)

Omongo, Christopher A., Kawuki, Robert, Bellotti, Antony C., Alicai, Titus, Baguma, Yona, Maruthi, M.N., Bua, Anton and Colvin, John (2012) African cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, resistance in African and South American cassava genotypes. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 327-336. ISSN 2095-3119 (doi:10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60017-3)

Patil, Basavaprabu L., Ogwok, Emmanuel, Wagaba, Henry, Mohammed, Ibrahim U., Yadav, Jitender S., Bagewadi, Basavaraj, Taylor, Nigel J., Kreuze, Jan F., Maruthi, M.N., Alicai, Titus and Fauquet, Claude M. (2010) RNAi-mediated resistance to diverse isolates belonging to two virus species involved in Cassava brown streak disease. Molecular Plant Pathology, 12 (1). pp. 31-41. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00650.x)

Priebe, Jan and Bennett, Ben (2015) A “Facebook” for cassava processing equipment – digital marketing support for small-scale cassava equipment manufacturers in West and Central Africa. In: World Congress on Root and Tuber Crops - WCRTC, 18 - 22 Jaunary 2016, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2007) Prey-specific contact kairomones exploited by adult and larval Teretrius nigrescens: a behavioural comparison across different stored-product pests and different pest substrates. Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (3). pp. 265-275. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2006.06.009)

Stewart-Jones, A., Stirrup, T.J., Hodges, R.J., Farman, D.I. and Hall, D.R. (2009) Analysis of free fatty acids in food substrates and in the dust and frass of stored-product pests: Potential for species discrimination? Journal of Stored Products Research, 45 (2). pp. 119-124. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2008.10.003)

Tomlins, Keith, Sanni, Lateef, Oyewole, Olusola B., Dipeolu, Adewale, Ayinde, Idris, Adebayo, Kolawole and Westby, Andrew (2007) Consumer acceptability and sensory evaluation of a fermented cassava product (Nigerian fufu). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87 (10). pp. 1949-1956. ISSN 0022-5142 (doi:10.1002/jsfa.2941)

cassava brown streak disease (CBSD)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Mohammed, Ibrahim Umar (2012) Virus-host interactions in the cassava brown streak disease pathosystem. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Musa, Muawiya Abarshi (2012) Molecular diagnostics, genetic diversity and generating infectious clones for cassava brown streak viruses. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

cassava brown streak viruses

Legg, J.P., Jeremiah, S.C., Obiero, H.M., Maruthi, M.N., Ndyetabula, I., Okao-Okuja, G., Bouwmeester, H., Bigirimana, S., Tata-Hangy, W., Gashaka, G., Mkamilo, G., Alicai, T. and Lava Kumar, P. (2011) Comparing the regional epidemiology of the cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak virus pandemics in Africa. Virus Research, 159 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2011.04.018)

cassava farming

Anaglo, Jonathan Nicholas (2011) Understanding the influence of livelihood features on cassava value chains. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

cassava flour

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

cassava mosaic disease

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

cassava mosaic geminiviruses

Legg, J.P., Jeremiah, S.C., Obiero, H.M., Maruthi, M.N., Ndyetabula, I., Okao-Okuja, G., Bouwmeester, H., Bigirimana, S., Tata-Hangy, W., Gashaka, G., Mkamilo, G., Alicai, T. and Lava Kumar, P. (2011) Comparing the regional epidemiology of the cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak virus pandemics in Africa. Virus Research, 159 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2011.04.018)

cassava mosaic virus

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

cassava mosaic virus disease

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

cassava mosaic viruses

Aswatha Narayana, D.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Shankarappa, K.S., Maruthi, M.N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Rekha, A.R. and Keshava Murthy, K.V. (2007) Distinct begomoviruses closely related to cassava mosaic viruses cause Indian Jatropha mosaic disease. International Journal of Virology, 3 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1816-4900 (doi:10.3923/ijv.2007.1.11)

cassava value chains

Anaglo, Jonathan Nicholas (2011) Understanding the influence of livelihood features on cassava value chains. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Cassava whiteflies

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Prevalence and genetic diversity of endosymbiotic bacteria infecting cassava whiteflies in Africa. BMC Microbiology, 15 (1):93. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2180 (Print), 1471-2180 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12866-015-0425-5)

cassava-processing technologies

Anaglo, Jonathan Nicholas (2011) Understanding the influence of livelihood features on cassava value chains. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Cassia sophera

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

Cassine transvaalensis

Motlhanka, D.M.T, Habtemariam, S. and Houghton, P. (2008) Free radical scavenging activity of crude extracts and 4´-O-methylepigallocatechin isolated from roots of Cassine transvaalensis Burtt-Davy from Botswana. African Journal of Biomedical Research, 11 (1). pp. 55-63. ISSN 1119-5096

catch crop

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Carter, Mette S., Albert, Kristian R., Ambus, Per, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Petersen, Søren O. (2009) Emissions of nitrous oxide from arable organic and conventional cropping systems on two soil types. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 136 (3-4). pp. 199-208. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.11.012)

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Schjønning, Per (2010) Soil properties, crop production and greenhouse gas emissions from organic and inorganic fertilizer-based arable cropping systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 139 (4). pp. 584-594. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.10.001)

cauliflower-mosaic-virus

Bousalem, M., Douzery, E.J.P. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Taxonomy, molecular phylogeny and evolution of plant reverse transcribing viruses (family Caulimoviridae) inferred from full-length genome and reverse transcriptase sequences. Archives of Virology, 153 (6). pp. 1085-1102. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0095-9)

CBSD

Mohammed, I. U., Ghosh, Saptarshi and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Host and virus effects on reversion in cassava affected by cassava brown streak disease. Plant Pathology, 65 (4). pp. 593-600. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ppa.12458)

CBSV

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

CBSVs

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020)

Cecidomyiidae

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Shaw, Peter W. and Anfora, Gianfranco (2009) Exploitation of the sex pheromone of apple leaf midge Dasineura mali Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae): Part 2. Use of sex pheromone traps for pest monitoring. Crop Protection, 28 (2). pp. 128-133. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.09.004)

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

Cerambycidae

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

cereal

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

cereal losses

Rembold, F., Hodges, R., Bernard, M., Knipschild, H. and Léo, O. (2011) The African Postharvest Losses Information System (APHLIS): an innovative framework to analyse and compute quantitative postharvest losses for cereals under different farming and environmental conditions in East and Southern Africa. Project Report. Publications Office of the European Union / European Commission - Joint Research Centre - Institute of Environment and Sustainability (JRC-IES), Luxembourg. (doi:10.2788/40345)

cereals

Adams, J.M. (1977) A bibliography on post-harvest losses in cereals and pulses with particular reference to tropical and subtropical countries (G110). [Working Paper]

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

Hodges, Rick, Bennett, Ben, Bernard, Marc and Rembold, Felix (2013) Tackling post-harvest cereal losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Rural 21: The International Journal for Rural Development, 47 (1). pp. 16-18. ISSN 1866-8011

Morgounov, Alexey, Tufan, Hale Ann, Sharma, Ram, Akin, Beyhan, Bagci, Ahmet, Braun, Hans-Joachim, Kaya, Yuksel, Keser, Mesut, Payne, Thomas S., Sonder, Kai and McIntosh, Robert (2012) Global incidence of wheat rusts and powdery mildew during 1969-2010 and durability of resistance of winter wheat variety Bezostaya 1. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 132 (3). pp. 323-340. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10658-011-9879-y)

chemical and non-chemical management

Golob, P. (2002) Chemical, physical and cultural control of Prostephanus truncatus. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 245-277. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040817.59207.3a)

chemical ecology

Amarawardana, Lakmali (2009) The chemical diversity of midge pheromones. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

chemical structure

Amarawardana, Lakmali (2009) The chemical diversity of midge pheromones. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

chemovar

Cockram, James, Hill, Colin, Burns, Corrinne, Arroo, Randoph R. J., Woolley, Jack G., Flockart, Ian, Robinson, Trevor, Atkinson, Christopher J., Davies, Michael J., Dungey, Nigel, Greenland, Andy J., Smith, Lydia L. M. J. and Bentley, Steven (2012) Screening a diverse collection of Artemisia annua germplasm accessions for the antimalarial compound, artemisinin. Plant Genetic Resources, 10 (02). pp. 152-154. ISSN 1479-2621 (Print), 1479-263X (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1479262112000159)

cherry canker

Smith, Anthony R.W. and Hodson, Andrew (2010) Effects of pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum strain C28, outer membrane and LPS preparations on cherry callus. Journal of Phytopathology, 159 (5). pp. 358-367. ISSN 1439-0434 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2010.01773.x)

Chickpea

Aminu, Aliyu (2015) Inactivation of Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus on chickpea, Cicer arietinum L. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

D'Cunha, Reju Francis (2007) Impact of host plants on the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus as a biopesticide against insect pest Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Pande, S., Rao, J.N., Sharma, M., Pathak, M. and Stevenson, P. (2010) Mass-screening techniques for the early selection of disease resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). In: Miranda, M. and Spencer, M.M., (eds.) Mass Screening Techniques for Selecting Crops Resistant to Diseases. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, pp. 201-234. ISBN 978-92-0-105110-3

Pande, S., Sharma, M., Neupane, R.K., Chaudhary, R.N., Rao, J.N., Grzywacz, David, Baurai, V.A. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2009) Integrated crop management strategy for improved chickpea production and its impact on the livelihoods of farmers in Nepal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 37 (1&2). pp. 139-146. ISSN 0253-4355

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

Sharma, H.C., Gowda, C.L.L., Stevenson, Philip C., Ridsdill-Smith, T.J., Clement, S.L., Ranga Rao, G.V., Romies, Joerg, Miles, Melina and Bouhssini, M. (2007) Host plant resistance and insect pest management in chickpea. In: Yadav, Shyam S., Redden, Robert J., Chen, W. and Sharma, B., (eds.) Chickpea Breeding and Management. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 520-537. ISBN 9781845932138

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

Stevenson, Philip C., Grzywacz, David, Pande, Suresh, Rao, Narayana, Neupane, Ram Krishna, Chaudhary, Ram N. and Bourai, Vinay A. (2006) Promoting the adoption of improved ICM technologies in chickpea by poor farmers in Nepal. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 152-154. ISBN 0954645278

chillies

Amjad, M., Iqbal, J., Iqbal, Q., Nawaz, A., Ahmad, T. and Rees, D. (2010) Effect of packaging material and different storage regimes on shelf life and biochemical composition of green hot pepper fruits. In: Erkan, M. and Aksoy, U., (eds.) X International Controlled and Modified Atmosphere Research Conference. Acta Horticulturae (876). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 227-234. ISBN 978-90-66055-53-7 (Print) ISSN 0567-7572 (Online)

Chilo polychrysa

Qurashi Kamal, N., Cork, Alan and Nazmul Bari, M.D. (2006) Rice stem borers: a dynamic species complex in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Entomology, 16 (2). pp. 75-90. ISSN 1021-1004

chiral sex pheromone

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

chitin inhibitors

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

Chlamydomonas-Reinhardtii

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

chlorophylls

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P.H., Cobb, Andrew H. and Monaghan, James M. (2013) Can hot water treatments enhance or maintain postharvest quality of spinach leaves? Postharvest Biology and Technology, 81. pp. 23-28. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.02.004)

chloroplast

Thompson, Elinor, Llewellyn Smith, Stefan and Glover, Beverley (2012) An Arabidopsis rhomboid protease has roles in the chloroplast and in flower development. In: Gordon Research Conference. Plant Molecular Biology: Genomic Approaches to Plant Signaling Systems, 15-20 July 2012, Holderness, NH, USA.

cholesterol

Bouvaine, Sophie, Behmer, Spencer T., Lin, George G., Faure, Marie-Line, Grebenok, Robert J. and Douglas, Angela E. (2012) The physiology of sterol nutrition in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58 (11). pp. 1383-1389. ISSN 0022-1910 (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.07.014)

chrysanthemum gall midge

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

cicer arietinum

Pallavi, M.S., Ramappa, H.K., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Wickramaarachchi, W.A.R.T. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Detection and molecular characterization of phytoplasma associated with chickpea phyllody disease in south India. Phytoparasitic, 40 (3). pp. 279-286. ISSN 0334-2123 (Print), 1876-7184 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12600-012-0221-9)

Pande, S., Rao, J.N., Sharma, M., Pathak, M. and Stevenson, P. (2010) Mass-screening techniques for the early selection of disease resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). In: Miranda, M. and Spencer, M.M., (eds.) Mass Screening Techniques for Selecting Crops Resistant to Diseases. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, pp. 201-234. ISBN 978-92-0-105110-3

cicerfuran

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Phythian, Sara J., Veitch, Nigel C. and Hall, David R. (2006) Synthesis of cicerfuran, an antifungal benzofuran, and some related analogues. Tetrahedron, 62 (17). pp. 4214-4226. ISSN 0040-4020 (doi:10.1016/j.tet.2006.02.015)

cissus quadrangularis

Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hove, Thokozani, Mvumi, Brighton M., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Belmain, Steven R., Madzimure, James and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6 (13). pp. 2674-2680. ISSN 1996-0875 (doi:10.5897/JMPR11.1767)

citrinin

Martin, P.M.D. and Gilman, G.A. (1976) A consideration of the mycotoxin hypothesis with special reference to the mycoflora of maize, sorghum, wheat and groundnuts (G105). Discussion Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

city planning

Comrie, Henri Pierre (2003) The role of urban design in South African corridor development. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Clavigralla tomentosicollis

Adati, T., Tamò, M., Yusuf, S.R., Downham, M.C.A., Singh, B.B. and Hammond, W. (2008) Integrated pest management for cowpea–cereal cropping systems in the West African savannah. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27 (3-4). pp. 123-137. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758407883172)

Cleome gynandra

Muchuweti, M., Kasiamhuru, A., Benhura, M. A. N., Chipurura, B., Amuna, P., Zotor, F. and Parawira, W. (2009) Assessment of the nutritional value of wild leafy vegetables consumed in the Buhera District of Zimbabwe: a preliminary study. In: Acta horticulturae. International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium, pp. 823-830. ISBN 978-90-66057-01-2 ISSN 0567-7572

climate change

Afiukwa, Celestine Azubuike Afiuwka, Faluyi, Julius Olaoye, Atkinson, Christopher John, Ubi, Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Igwe, David Okechukwu and Akinwale, Richard Olutayo (2016) Screening of some rice varieties and landraces cultivated in Nigeria for drought tolerance based on phenotypic traits and their association with SSR polymorphisms. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11 (29). pp. 2599-2615. ISSN 1991-637X (Print), 1991-637X (Online) (doi:10.5897/AJAR2016.11239)

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Gibson, Richard W. (2009) A review of perceptual distinctiveness in landraces including an analysis of how its roles have been overlooked in plant breeding for low-input farming systems. Economic Botany, 63 (3). pp. 242-255. ISSN 0013-0001 (Print), 1874-9364 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12231-009-9086-3)

Holden, Robert (2008) Climate change: the way forward - reflections prompted by the EFLA seminar on climate change, Brussels, 14 November 2008. International Federation of Landscape Architects Newsletter, 79. pp. 2-4.

Martín, Manuel Montesino-San, Olesen, Jørgen E. and Porter, John R. (2015) Can crop-climate models be accurate and precise? A case study for wheat production in Denmark. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 202. pp. 51-60. ISSN 0168-1923 (doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.11.003)

Morgounov, Alexey, Tufan, Hale Ann, Sharma, Ram, Akin, Beyhan, Bagci, Ahmet, Braun, Hans-Joachim, Kaya, Yuksel, Keser, Mesut, Payne, Thomas S., Sonder, Kai and McIntosh, Robert (2012) Global incidence of wheat rusts and powdery mildew during 1969-2010 and durability of resistance of winter wheat variety Bezostaya 1. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 132 (3). pp. 323-340. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10658-011-9879-y)

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

climate change adaptation

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Postharvest agriculture in changing climates: Its importance to African smallholder farmers. Food Security, 5 (3). pp. 361-392. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0262-z)

climate change effects

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Postharvest agriculture in changing climates: Its importance to African smallholder farmers. Food Security, 5 (3). pp. 361-392. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0262-z)

climate exposure

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

Climate factors

Wang, Xia, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2016) A stage structured mosquito model incorporating effects of precipitation and daily temperature fluctuations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 411. pp. 27-36. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.09.015)

climate sensitivity

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

Clitostethus arcuatus

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

Closteroviridae

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

cluster

Bechoff, Aurélie, Cissé, Mady, Fliedel, Geneviève, Declemy, Anne-Laure, Ayessou, Nicolas, Akissoe, Noel, Touré, Cheikh, Bennett, Ben, Pintado, Manuela, Pallet, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2013) Relationships between anthocyanins and other compounds and sensory acceptability of Hibiscus drinks. Food Chemistry, 140 (1). ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.132)

cluster analysis

Zhu, Lihong (2009) Novel approaches to plant pest risk assessment. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

CMBs duplex and multiplex RT-PC

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020)

CMD

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

coat protein gene sequences

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

cocoa

Virdiana, Ike, Hall, David R. and Wood, B.J. (2011) Attraction of Helopeltis theobromae to live conspecific insects. The Planter, 87 (1018). pp. 25-33. ISSN 0126-575X

cocoa crop

Sarfo, Joseph Easmon (2013) Behavioural responses of cocoa mirids, Sahlbergella singularis Hagl and Distantiella theobroma Dist. (Heteroptera: Miridae), to sex pheromones. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

coconut

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

coconut pest

Prior, R., Morin, J.-P., Rochat, D., Beaudoin-Ollivier, L., Stathers, T., Kakul, T., Embupa, S. and Nanguai, R. (2000) New aspects of the biology of the Melanesian rhinoceros beetle Scapanes australis (Col., Dynastidae) and evidence for field attraction to males. Journal of Applied Entomology, 124 (1). pp. 41-50. ISSN 9820-1937 (doi:10.1046/j.1439-0418.2000.00435.x)

cocoyam

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

coexistence

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Multiple attractors of host-parasitoid models with integrated pest management strategies: eradication, persistence and outbreak. Theoretical Population Biology, 73 (2). pp. 181-197. ISSN 0040-5809 (doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2007.12.001)

Coffea arabica

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

coffee

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Healey, John R., Soto, Gabriela and Haggar, Jeremy P. (2013) Sink or source—The potential of coffee agroforestry systems to sequester atmospheric CO2 into soil organic carbon. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 175. pp. 60-68. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.012)

coffee agroforestry

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

coffee quality

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

coffee white stem borer

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Kutywayo, Dumisani (2015) Studies of the mechanisms involved in host finding and mating behaviour of the African coffee white stem borer, Monochamus leuconotus (pascoe) (Cleoptera: Cerambycidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

cold climates

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

cold storage

Davies, M.J., Longbottom, H. and Atkinson, C.J. (2011) Changes in duration of rhizome cold storage and manipulation of the growing environment to promote field establishment of Miscanthus giganteus. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35 (10). pp. 4268-4279. ISSN 0961-9534 (doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.07.013)

Coleoptera

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Nguyen, Duong T., Hodges, Rick J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2007) Do walking Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) locate cereal hosts by chance? Journal of Stored Products Research, 44 (1). pp. 90-99. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.008)

coleoptera apionidae

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Talwana, Herbert, Hall, David, Farman, Dudley I. and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Root chemicals could offer opportunities for breeding for sweet potato resistance to the weevil cylas puncticollis boheman (coleoptera: apionidae). In: Midiwo, Jacob and Clough, John, (eds.) Aspects of African Biodiversity. Proceedings of the Pan Africa Chemistry Network Biodiversity Conference, Nairobi, 10-12 September 2008. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK, pp. 49-57. ISBN 9781847559487 (Print) 9781847559647 (online) (doi:10.1039/9781847559647-00049)

collective action

Naziri, Diego, Aubert, Magali, Codron, Jean-Marie, Loc, Nguyen Thi Tan and Moustier, Paule (2014) Estimating the impact of small-scale farmer collective action on food safety: The case of vegetables in Vietnam. The Journal of Development Studies, 50 (5). pp. 715-730. ISSN 0022-0388 (Print), 1743-9140 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00220388.2013.874555)

collective action dilemma

Parsa, Soroush, Morse, Stephen, Bonifacio, Alejandro, Chancellor, Timothy C.B., Condori, Bruno, Crespo-Pérez, Verónica, Hobbs, Shaun L.A., Kroschel, Jürgen, Bai, Malick N., Rebaudo, François, Sherwood, Stephen G., Vanek, Steven J., Faye, Emile, Herrera, Mario A. and Dangles, Olivier (2014) Obstacles to integrated pest management adoption in developing countries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (10). pp. 3889-3894. ISSN 0027-8424 (Print), 1091-6490 (Online) (doi:10.1073/pnas.1312693111)

Colloidal gold

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

colour evaluation

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P. H., Cobb, Andrerw H. and Monaghan, James M. (2015) High- but not low-intensity light leads to oxidative stress and quality loss of cold-stored baby leaf spinach. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95 (9). pp. 1821-1829. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6880)

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P.H., Cobb, Andrew H. and Monaghan, James M. (2013) Can hot water treatments enhance or maintain postharvest quality of spinach leaves? Postharvest Biology and Technology, 81. pp. 23-28. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.02.004)

colour vision

Arnold, S.E.J., Stevenson, P.C. and Belmain, S.R. (2015) Responses to colour and host odour cues in three cereal pest species, in the context of ecology and control. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 105 (4). pp. 417-425. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0007485315000346)

combinations

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

combine harvesting

Kasasian, Ruth (1983) Grain processing losses bibliography. Supplement 1 to G117. Covering combine harvesting, threshing, hulling, milling, grinding, etc. and excluding storage. Report of the Tropical Products Institute. (G168). [Working Paper]

Kasasian, Ruth and Dendy, D.A.V. (1979) Grain processing losses bibliography. Covering threshing, shelling, hulling, milling, grinding etc and excluding harvesting and storage (G117). [Working Paper]

commercial horticulture

Antonidaki-Giatromanolaki, Anna (2006) Development of native species of Crete in the urban landscape: an investigation of systems and plant reproduction, adaptability and fitness of wild species in commercial horticulture. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

commercial shipments

Tyler, P.S. and Hodges, R.J. (2002) Phytosanitary measures against larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), in international trade. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 279-289. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040816.21570.06)

commodities

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

Communication

Qureshi, Athar, Rapajic, Predrag and Demaiter, Lysander (2016) Modern human machine interface in industrial wireless networks. International Journal of Simulation: Systems, Science & Technology, 17 (33). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1473-8031 (Print), 1473-804x (Online) (doi:10.5013/IJSSST.a.17.33.13)

community

Phillips, David P. (2014) Uneven and unequal people-centered development: the case of Fair Trade and Malawi sugar producers. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (4). pp. 563-576. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9500-z)

competition

Colvin, J., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Thresh, J.M. (2004) Dual begomovirus infections and high Bemisia tabaci populations: two factors driving the spread of a cassava mosaic disease pandemic. Plant Pathology, 53 (5). pp. 577-584. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.0032-0862.2004.01062.x)

coniesta ignefusalis

Youm, Ousmane, Maliki, Yacouba, Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I. and Foster, John E. (2011) Pheromone-mediated mating disruption in the millet stem borer, Coniesta ignefusalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Crop Protection, 31 (1). pp. 50-57. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2011.09.008)

Conopomorpha cramerella

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

construction

Holden, Robert and Liversedge, Jamie (2011) Construction et architecture paysagère. Hors collection . Dunod, Paris. ISBN 2100557890, 9782100557899

construction BTP

Holden, Robert and Liversedge, Jamie (2011) Construction et architecture paysagère. Hors collection . Dunod, Paris. ISBN 2100557890, 9782100557899

Consumer acceptance

Bechoff, Aurélie, Tomlins, Keith, Fliedel, Geneviève, Lopez-Lavalle, Luis Augusto Becerra, Westby, Andrew, Hershey, Clair and Dufour, Dominique (2016) Cassava traits and end-user preference: relating traits to consumer liking, sensory perception, and genetics. Critical reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. ISSN 1040-8398 (Print), 1549-7852 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1080/10408398.2016.1202888)

De Groote, Hugo, Gunaratna, Nilupa S., Okuro, James O., Wondimu, Asrat, Chege, Christine K. and Tomlins, Keith (2014) Consumer acceptance of quality protein maize (QPM) in East Africa. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94 (15). pp. 3201-3212. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6672)

consumer preference

Tomlins, Keith (2009) Factors influencing the post-harvest quality and consumer preference of sweet potato and other products in sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Tomlins, Keith, Sanni, Lateef, Oyewole, Olusola B., Dipeolu, Adewale, Ayinde, Idris, Adebayo, Kolawole and Westby, Andrew (2007) Consumer acceptability and sensory evaluation of a fermented cassava product (Nigerian fufu). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87 (10). pp. 1949-1956. ISSN 0022-5142 (doi:10.1002/jsfa.2941)

contained cultivation

Colgan, Richard, Atkinson, Christopher J., Paul, Matthew, Hassan, Sally, Drake, Pascal M.W., Sexton, Amy L., Santa-Cruz, Simon, James, David, Hamp, Keith, Gutteridge, Colin and Ma, Julian K-C. (2009) Optimisation of contained Nicotiana tabacum cultivation for the production of recombinant protein pharmaceuticals. Transgenic Research, 19 (2). pp. 241-256. ISSN 0962-8819 (Print), 1573-9368 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11248-009-9303-y)

control

Cheke, Robert A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Walsh, J.F. and Yaméogo, L. (2008) Elimination of the Djodji form of the blackfly Simulium sanctipauli sensu stricto as a result of larviciding by the WHO Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 172-174. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00725.x)

Hillocks, Rory J. (2010) Cotton diseases and their control in the 21st century. In: Wakelyn, Phillip J. and Chaudry, M. Rafiq, (eds.) Cotton: Technology for the 21st Century. International Cotton Advisory Council, Washington DC, USA, pp. 155-180. ISBN 9780979390357

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

controlled release

Cork, A., De Souza, K., Hall, D.R., Jones, O.T., Casagrande, E., Krishnaiah, K. and Syed, Z. (2008) Development of PVC-resin-controlled release formulation for pheromones and use in mating disruption of yellow rice stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas. Crop Protection, 27 (2). pp. 248-255. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.05.011)

cooking

Bechoff, Aurélie, Poulaert, Marie, Tomlins, Keith I., Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey, Young, Stephen and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2011) Retention and bioaccessibility of β-carotene in blended foods containing orange-fleshed sweet potato flour. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (18). pp. 10373-10380. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf201205y)

Corchorus tridens

Muchuweti, M., Kasiamhuru, A., Benhura, M. A. N., Chipurura, B., Amuna, P., Zotor, F. and Parawira, W. (2009) Assessment of the nutritional value of wild leafy vegetables consumed in the Buhera District of Zimbabwe: a preliminary study. In: Acta horticulturae. International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Leuven, Belgium, pp. 823-830. ISBN 978-90-66057-01-2 ISSN 0567-7572

corn-rootworm coleoptera

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

coroglaucigenin

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

correlation

Zhu, Lihong (2009) Novel approaches to plant pest risk assessment. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Zhu, Lihong (2009) Novel approaches to plant pest risk assessment. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

cost-effective protocols

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

cotton

D'Cunha, Reju Francis (2007) Impact of host plants on the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus as a biopesticide against insect pest Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

Hillocks, Rory J. (2010) Cotton diseases and their control in the 21st century. In: Wakelyn, Phillip J. and Chaudry, M. Rafiq, (eds.) Cotton: Technology for the 21st Century. International Cotton Advisory Council, Washington DC, USA, pp. 155-180. ISBN 9780979390357

cotton bollworm

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R., (eds.) (2006) Handbook of sustainable control of cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera. Surya Press, India.

Russell, Derek A., Denholm, Ian, Devine, Greg, Moores, Grahame, Javed, Naghmy, Kranthi, Keshav R., Regupathy, A., Singh, Joginder, Wu, Yidong and Amad, Mushtaq (2006) Sustainable control of cotton bollworm in small-scale cotton-production systems. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 157-158. ISBN 0954645278

cotton plant

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

cottonseed

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

coumaric

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

cowpea

Adati, T., Tamò, M., Yusuf, S.R., Downham, M.C.A., Singh, B.B. and Hammond, W. (2008) Integrated pest management for cowpea–cereal cropping systems in the West African savannah. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27 (3-4). pp. 123-137. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758407883172)

Maikai Murna, Abdullahi (2013) Development of an integrated pest management strategy for the control of Maruca Vitrata on cowpea in Kebbi state of Nigeria. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Opoku-Apau, A., Dankyi, A.A. and Delimini, L.L. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Ghana. A study of maize and cowpea seed in the Brong-Ahafo and Volta regions (NRI Bulletin 68). [Working Paper]

cowpea seed

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Miti, F., Mukumbuta, S. and Zulu, M.S. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Zambia. A study of cowpea, groundnut and sorghum seed in the Southern and Western Provinces (NRI Bulletin 76). [Working Paper]

Crete

Antonidaki-Giatromanolaki, Anna (2006) Development of native species of Crete in the urban landscape: an investigation of systems and plant reproduction, adaptability and fitness of wild species in commercial horticulture. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

crevice traps

Hodges, R.J. (2002) Detection and monitoring of larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 223-243. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040815.06804.c1)

crinivirus

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

crop

Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David L. and Stevenson, Philip C. (eds.) (2007) The lentil: an ancient crop for modern times. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print), 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online)

crop biotechnology

Seal, Susan, Sangare, A. and Makinde, M. (2008) Crop biotechnology and biosafety. SCARDA Briefing Papers Strengthening Capacity for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Accra, pp. 24-32. ISBN 978-9988-1-1063-4

crop damage

Mulungu, L. S., Lagwen, P. P., Mdangi, M. E., Kilonzo, B. S. and Belmain, S. R. (2014) Impact of spatio-temporal simulations of rat damage on yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and implications for rodent pest management. International Journal of Pest Management, 60 (4). pp. 269-274. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2014.967326)

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

crop damage assessment

Cross, Jerry V., Baroffio, Catherine, Grassi, Alberto, Hall, David R., Labanowska, Barbara, Milenkovic, Slobodan, Nilsson, Thilda, Shternshis, Margarita, Torneus, Christer, Trandem, Nina and Vetek, Gábor (2008) Monitoring raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi, with sex pheromone traps: results from 2006. In: Linder, C.H. and Cross, Jerry V., (eds.) Working Group “Integrated Plant Protection in Fruit Crops”, Sub Group “Soft Fruits”. Proceedings of the “Workshop on Integrated Soft Fruit Production” at East Malling (UK), 24-27 September, 2007. International Organisation for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, Darmstadt, pp. 11-17. ISBN 9789290672135

crop husbandry

Mortimer, A.M., Mazid, M.A. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Long-term sustainability in weed management for direct seeding of rainfed rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 67-78. ISBN 9712202291

crop losses

Spitali, Mariangela (1993) The sidechain structure of lipopolysaccharide from plant pathogenic pseudomonads in relation to their antigenicity. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

crop management

Chancellor, Tim, Busolo-Bulafo, Charles, van der Merwe, Piet, Rayapati, Naidu and Kimmins, Francis (2006) Groundnut rosette disease management. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 57-58. ISBN 0954645278

Cork, Alan, Kamal, Nazira Quaraishi, Ahmed, Sarwar, Jayanth, D.K.P. and Casagrande, E. (2006) Commercial adoption of pheromones as a component in ICM of rice in Bangladesh. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 165-170. ISBN 0954645278

Dobson, Hans and Laboschange, Louise (2006) Promoting the adoption of IPM in vegetable production. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 122-124. ISBN 0954645278

Jabbar, M.A., Orr, Alastair and Karmakar, B. (2008) Direct-seeded rice in the High Barind Tract: economics and farmer evaluation. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 47-65. ISBN 9712202291

Mazid, M.A., Khamarker, B., Mortimer, A.M. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Developments in direct seeding of rainfed rice in the High Barind Tract. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 33-45. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Jabbar, M.A., Mazid, M.A. and Karmakar, B. (2008) Decision-making for rabi cropping in the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh: a farmer perspective. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 157-174. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Riches, Charles R., Mortimer, A.M., Harris, D. and Mazid, M.A. (2008) Farm-level opportunities for increasing productivity and income in the High Barind Tract: a synthesis. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 9-24. ISBN 9712202291

Russell, Derek A., Denholm, Ian, Devine, Greg, Moores, Grahame, Javed, Naghmy, Kranthi, Keshav R., Regupathy, A., Singh, Joginder, Wu, Yidong and Amad, Mushtaq (2006) Sustainable control of cotton bollworm in small-scale cotton-production systems. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 157-158. ISBN 0954645278

Stevenson, Philip C., Grzywacz, David, Pande, Suresh, Rao, Narayana, Neupane, Ram Krishna, Chaudhary, Ram N. and Bourai, Vinay A. (2006) Promoting the adoption of improved ICM technologies in chickpea by poor farmers in Nepal. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 152-154. ISBN 0954645278

crop modeling

Toscano, P., Ranieri, R., Matese, A., Vaccari, F.P., Gioli, B., Zaldei, A., Silvestri, M., Ronchi, C., La Cava, P., Porter, J.R. and Miglietta, F. (2012) Durum wheat modeling: The Delphi system, 11 years of observations in Italy. European Journal of Agronomy, 43. pp. 108-118. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2012.06.003)

crop modelling

Toscano, P., Gioli, B., Genesio, L., Vaccari, F. P., Miglietta, F., Zaldei, A., Crisci, A., Ferrari, E., Bertuzzi, F., La Cava, P., Ronchi, C., Silvestri, M., Peressotti, A. and Porter, J. R. (2014) Durum wheat quality prediction in Mediterranean environments: From local to regional scale. European Journal of Agronomy, 61. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2014.08.003)

crop models

Porter, John R. and Christensen, Svend (2013) Deconstructing crop processes and models via identities. Plant, Cell & Environment, 36 (11). pp. 1919-1925. ISSN 0140-7791 (Print), 1365-3040 (Online) (doi:10.1111/pce.12107)

crop pest

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

Xie, Wen, Chen, Chunhai, Yang, Zezhong, Guo, Litao, Yang, Xin, Wang, Dan, Chen, Ming, Huang, Jinqun, Wen, Yanan, Zeng, Yang, Lui, Yating, Xia, Jixing, Tian, Lixia, Cui, Hongying, Wu, Qingjun, Wang, Shaoli, Xu, Baoyun, Li, Xianchun, Tan, Xinqiu, Ghanim, Murad, Qiu, Baoli, Pan, Huipeng, Chu, Dong, Delatte, Helene, Maruthi, M.N., Ge, Feng, Zhou, Xueping, Wang, Xiaowei, Wan, Fanghao, Du, Yuzhou, Luo, Chen, Yan, Fengming, Preisser, Evan L., Jiao, Xiaguo, Coates, Brad S., Zhao, Yinyang, Gao, Qiang, Xia, Jinquan, Yin, Ye, Liu, Yong, Brown, Judith K., Zhou, Xuguo Joe and Zhang, Youjun (2017) Genome sequencing of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemsia tabaci MED/Q. GigaScience, 6 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2041-1723 (doi:10.1093/gigascience/gix018)

crop pests

Boxall, R.A. (1986) A critical review of the methodology for assessing farm-level grain losses after harvest (G191). [Working Paper]

Cheke, Robert A., Venn, Jon F. and Jones, Peter J. (2006) A spatio-temporal model for predicting when and where Red-billed Quelea will breed in southern Africa. Journal of Ornithology, 147 (Sup 1). p. 147. ISSN 0021-8375 (Print), 1439-0361 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10336-006-0093-1)

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Russell, Derek A. (2008) Insect resistant cabbage and cauliflower: the CIMBAA public-private partnership. In: Dhawan, Vibha, (ed.) Agriculture for food security and rural growth. TERI Press The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi. ISBN 978-8179931523

crop processing

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

crop production

Bennetzen, Eskild H., Smith, Pete, Soussana, Jean-Francois and Porter, John R. (2012) Identity-based estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from crop production: Case study from Denmark. European Journal of Agronomy, 41. pp. 66-72. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2012.03.010)

crop protection

Dobson, Hans and Laboschange, Louise (2006) Promoting the adoption of IPM in vegetable production. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 122-124. ISBN 0954645278

crop protection practices

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

crop rotation

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Carter, Mette S., Albert, Kristian R., Ambus, Per, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Petersen, Søren O. (2009) Emissions of nitrous oxide from arable organic and conventional cropping systems on two soil types. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 136 (3-4). pp. 199-208. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.11.012)

crop storage

Rowley, J.Q. (1984) An assessment of losses during handling and storage of millet in Mali. Tropical Stored Products Information, 47. pp. 21-33. ISSN 0564-3325

crop suitability modeling

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

crop yield

Mulungu, L. S., Lagwen, P. P., Mdangi, M. E., Kilonzo, B. S. and Belmain, S. R. (2014) Impact of spatio-temporal simulations of rat damage on yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and implications for rodent pest management. International Journal of Pest Management, 60 (4). pp. 269-274. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2014.967326)

crop yields

Seal, Susan, Sangare, A. and Makinde, M. (2008) Crop biotechnology and biosafety. SCARDA Briefing Papers Strengthening Capacity for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Accra, pp. 24-32. ISBN 978-9988-1-1063-4

cropping systems

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

crops

Wilson, Katherine Susan Louise (2011) Sorghum ratooning as an approach to manage covered kernel smut and the stem borer Chilo Partellus. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

croton (Codiaeum variegatum L

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

croton leaf curl virus (CrLCuV)

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

Cry toxins

Shelton, A.M., Gujar, G.T., Chen, M., Rauf, A., Srinivasan, R., Kalia, V., Mittal, A., Kumari, A., Ramesh, K., Borkakatti, R., Zhao, J.Z., Endersby, N., Russell, D., Wu, Y.D. and Uijtewaal, B. (2009) Assessing the susceptibility of cruciferous Lepidoptera to Cry1Ba2 and Cry1Ca4 for future transgenic cruciferous vegetables. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102 (6). pp. 2217-2223. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online)

cucurbits

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Culex

Low, Matthew, Tsegaye, Admasu, Ignell, Rickard, Hill, Sharon, Elleby, Rasmus, Feltelius, Vilhelm and Hopkins, Richard (2016) The importance of accounting for larval detectability in mosquito habitat-association studies. Malaria Journal, 15:253. ISSN 1475-2875 (Print), 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-016-1308-4)

Culex modestus

Vaux, A.G.C., Gibson, Gabriella, Hernandez-Triana, L.M., Cheke, Robert, McCracken, F., Jeffries, C.L., Horton, D.L., Springate, Simon, Johnson, N., Fooks, A.R., Leach, S. and Medlock, J.M. (2015) Enhanced West Nile virus surveillance in the North Kent marshes, UK. Parasites & Vectors, 8 (91). ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-015-0705-9)

Culex quinquefasciatus

Simões, Patrício M.V., Ingham, Robert A., Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2016) A role for acoustic distortion in novel rapid frequency modulation behaviour in free-flying male mosquitoes. Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (13). pp. 2039-2047. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.135293)

Culicidae

Vaux, A.G.C., Gibson, Gabriella, Hernandez-Triana, L.M., Cheke, Robert, McCracken, F., Jeffries, C.L., Horton, D.L., Springate, Simon, Johnson, N., Fooks, A.R., Leach, S. and Medlock, J.M. (2015) Enhanced West Nile virus surveillance in the North Kent marshes, UK. Parasites & Vectors, 8 (91). ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-015-0705-9)

cultivar

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Owori, Constance, Menya, Geoffrey, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dufour, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2009) Effect of drying and storage on the degradation of total carotenoids in orange-fleshed sweetpotato cultivars. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90 (4). pp. 622-629. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.3859)

cultivar decline

Adikini, Scovia, Mukasa, Settumba B., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Gibson, Richard W. (2015) Sweet potato cultivar degeneration rate under high and low sweet potato virus disease pressure zones in Uganda. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 37 (1). pp. 136-147. ISSN 0706-0661 (Print), 1715-2992 (Online) (doi:10.1080/07060661.2015.1004111)

cultural control

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Dynamical analysis of plant disease models with cultural control strategies and economic thresholds. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 80 (5). pp. 894-921. ISSN 0378-4754 (doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2009.10.004)

cumulative number of deaths

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2013) Adaptive release of natural enemies in a pest-natural enemy system with pesticide resistance. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 75 (11). pp. 2167-2195. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-013-9886-6)

Cutworm

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

cyanophos

Cheke, Robert A., Adranyi, Enoch, Cox, John R., Farman, Dudley I., Magoma, Richard N., Mbereki, Collen, McWilliam, Andrew N., Mtobesya, Boaz N. and van der Walt, Etienne (2013) Soil contamination and persistence of pollutants following organophosphate sprays and explosions to control red-billed quelea (Quelea quelea). Pest Management Science, 69 (3). pp. 386-396. ISSN 1526-498X (doi:10.1002/ps.3311)

cyclohexane epoxides

Stevenson, Philip C., Veitch, Nigel C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2007) Polyoxygenated cyclohexane derivatives and other constituents from Kaempferia rotunda L. Phytochemistry, 68 (11). pp. 1579-1586. ISSN 0031-9422 (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.015)

cylas brunneus

Muyinza, Harriet, Talwana, Herbert L., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Sweetpotato weevil (Cylas spp.) resistance in African sweetpotato germplasm. International Journal of Pest Management, 58 (1). pp. 73-81. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2012.655701)

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

cylas puncticollis

Muyinza, Harriet, Talwana, Herbert L., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Sweetpotato weevil (Cylas spp.) resistance in African sweetpotato germplasm. International Journal of Pest Management, 58 (1). pp. 73-81. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2012.655701)

Cylas puncticollis Boheman

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Mwanga, Robert O.M., Talwana, Herbert, Murumu, J. and Odongo, B. (2007) The relationship between stem base and root damage by Cylas spp. on sweetpotato. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8. pp. 955-957. ISSN 1023-070X

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Talwana, Herbert, Hall, David, Farman, Dudley I. and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Root chemicals could offer opportunities for breeding for sweet potato resistance to the weevil cylas puncticollis boheman (coleoptera: apionidae). In: Midiwo, Jacob and Clough, John, (eds.) Aspects of African Biodiversity. Proceedings of the Pan Africa Chemistry Network Biodiversity Conference, Nairobi, 10-12 September 2008. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK, pp. 49-57. ISBN 9781847559487 (Print) 9781847559647 (online) (doi:10.1039/9781847559647-00049)

cynanchum

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

Cypermethrin

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

cytochemistry

James, David John (1974) A cytochemical and biochemical study of acid hydrolases in developing plant cells, with particular reference to non-specific esterases. PhD thesis, Thames Polytechnic.

cytochrome oxidase I gene

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Rekha, A.R., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V. and Colvin, J. (2005) Occurrence of three genotypic clusters of Bemisia tabaci and the rapid spread of the B biotype in south India. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 117 (3). pp. 221-233. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2005.00352.x)

Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Rekha, A.R., Raghavendra, N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Chancellor, Tim and Maruthi, M.N. (2007) Development of silverleaf assay, protein and nucleic acid-based diagnostic techniques for the quick and reliable detection and monitoring of biotype B of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97 (5). pp. 503-513. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1017/S0007485307005251)

damage threshold

Cross, Jerry V., Baroffio, Catherine, Grassi, Alberto, Hall, David R., Labanowska, Barbara, Milenkovic, Slobodan, Nilsson, Thilda, Shternshis, Margarita, Torneus, Christer, Trandem, Nina and Vetek, Gábor (2008) Monitoring raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi, with sex pheromone traps: results from 2006. In: Linder, C.H. and Cross, Jerry V., (eds.) Working Group “Integrated Plant Protection in Fruit Crops”, Sub Group “Soft Fruits”. Proceedings of the “Workshop on Integrated Soft Fruit Production” at East Malling (UK), 24-27 September, 2007. International Organisation for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, Darmstadt, pp. 11-17. ISBN 9789290672135

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Shaw, Peter W. and Anfora, Gianfranco (2009) Exploitation of the sex pheromone of apple leaf midge Dasineura mali Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae): Part 2. Use of sex pheromone traps for pest monitoring. Crop Protection, 28 (2). pp. 128-133. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.09.004)

Dasineura gleditchiae

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

Dasineura mali

Cross, Jerry V. and Hall, David R. (2009) Exploitation of the sex pheromone of apple leaf midge Dasineura mali Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) for pest monitoring: Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 28 (2). pp. 139-144. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.09.008)

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Shaw, Peter W. and Anfora, Gianfranco (2009) Exploitation of the sex pheromone of apple leaf midge Dasineura mali Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae): Part 2. Use of sex pheromone traps for pest monitoring. Crop Protection, 28 (2). pp. 128-133. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.09.004)

decision-making

Abdulsalam-Saghir, P. B., Bennett, Ben, Quaye, W., Phu Tu, Viet, Sanni, L. O. and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Gender analysis of households' decision-making to reduce post-harvest losses of cassava in Ghana, Nigeria, and Vietnam. Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 53-70. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.014)

deconstruction

Porter, John R. and Christensen, Svend (2013) Deconstructing crop processes and models via identities. Plant, Cell & Environment, 36 (11). pp. 1919-1925. ISSN 0140-7791 (Print), 1365-3040 (Online) (doi:10.1111/pce.12107)

decortication

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

defence

Worrall, Dawn, Holroyd, Geoff H., Moore, Jason P., Glowacz, Marcin, Croft, Patricia, Taylor, Jane E., Paul, Nigel D. and Roberts, Michael R. (2011) Treating seeds with activators of plant defence generates long-lasting priming of resistance to pests and pathogens. New Phytologist, 193 (3). pp. 770-778. ISSN 0028-646X (Print), 1469-8137 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03987.x)

Defense

Scott-Brown, Alison S., Gregory, Tom, Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2016) Leaf trichomes and foliar chemistry mediate defence against glasshouse thrips; Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché) in Rhododendron simsii. Functional Plant Biology, 43 (12). pp. 1170-1182. ISSN 1445-4408 (Print), 1445-4416 (Online) (doi:10.1071/FP16045)

deforestation

Wilson, M.D., Cheke, R.A., Fiasse, S.P.J., Grist, S., Osei-Ateweneboana, M.Y., Tetteh-Kumah, A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Jolliffe, F.R., Boakye, D.A., Hougard, J.-M., Yameogo, L. and Post, R.J. (2002) Deforestation and the spatio-temporal distribution of savannah and forest members of the Simulium damnosum complex in southern Ghana and south-western Togo. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 96 (6). pp. 632-639. ISSN 0035-9203 (Print), 1878-3503 (Online) (doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(02)90335-4)

delayed response to pesticide application

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2012) An integrated pest management model with delayed responses to pesticide applications and its threshold dynamics. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 13 (5). pp. 2352-2374. ISSN 1468-1218 (doi:10.1016/j.nonrwa.2012.02.003)

Delia platura

Guerra, Patricia C., Keil, Clifford B., Stevenson, Philip C., Mina, Diego, Samaniego, Servio, Peralt, Eduardo, Mazon, Nelson and Chancellor, Timothy C.B. (2016) Larval performance and adult attraction of Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in a native and an introduced crop. Journal of Economic Entomology, 110 (1). pp. 186-191. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online) (doi:10.1093/jee/tow237)

delivery protein

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

Delphi study

Zhu, Lihong (2009) Novel approaches to plant pest risk assessment. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Deltamethrin

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

Demonax balyi

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

denitrifier enzyme activity

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Schjønning, Per (2010) Soil properties, crop production and greenhouse gas emissions from organic and inorganic fertilizer-based arable cropping systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 139 (4). pp. 584-594. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.10.001)

Denmark

Martín, Manuel Montesino-San, Olesen, Jørgen E. and Porter, John R. (2015) Can crop-climate models be accurate and precise? A case study for wheat production in Denmark. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 202. pp. 51-60. ISSN 0168-1923 (doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.11.003)

density dependence

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, L., Kropff, M.J. and van Ast, A. (2006) Effects of host plant genotype and seedbank density on Striga reproduction. Weed Research, 46 (3). pp. 251-263. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2006.00506.x)

dephosphorylation

Lapied, Bruno, Pennetier, Cédric, Apaire-Marchais, Véronique, Licznar, Patricia and Corbel, Vincent (2009) Innovative applications for insect viruses: towards insecticide sensitization. Trends in Biotechnology, 27 (4). pp. 190-198. ISSN 0167-7799 (doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2008.12.005)

desert

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

design

Turner, Tom (2008) The principles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com [website], London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-2-3

developing countries

Ausher, Reuben, Ben-Ze'ev, Israel S. and Black, Robert (1996) The role of plant clinics in plant disease diagnosis and education in developing countries. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 34 (1). pp. 51-66. ISSN 0066-4286 (doi:10.1146/annurev.phyto.34.1.51)

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

Development uptake

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

dhal

Yadav, Shyam S., Stevenson, Philip C., Rizvi, A.H., Manohar, M., Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 33-46. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_4 for chapter))

diagnosis

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

Bousalem, Mustapha, Durand, O., Scarcelli, N., Lebas, B.S.M., Kenyon, L., Marchand, J.-L., Lefort, F. and Seal, S.E. (2009) Dilemmas caused by endogenous pararetroviruses regarding the taxonomy and diagnosis of yam (Dioscorea spp.) badnaviruses: Analyses to support safe germplasm movement. Archives of Virology, 154 (2). pp. 297-314. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-009-0311-2)

Diamondback moth

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Shelton, A.M., Gujar, G.T., Chen, M., Rauf, A., Srinivasan, R., Kalia, V., Mittal, A., Kumari, A., Ramesh, K., Borkakatti, R., Zhao, J.Z., Endersby, N., Russell, D., Wu, Y.D. and Uijtewaal, B. (2009) Assessing the susceptibility of cruciferous Lepidoptera to Cry1Ba2 and Cry1Ca4 for future transgenic cruciferous vegetables. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102 (6). pp. 2217-2223. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online)

Diaphorina citri

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

diatomaceous earth

Mvumi, Brighton M., Stathers, Tanya, Golob, P. and Giga, D.P. (2006) Penetration of Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) through diatomaceous earth-treated bulk maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 26 (1). pp. 28-34. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1079/IJT200694)

diatomaceous earths

Stathers, T.E., Chigariro, J., Mudiwa, M., Mvumi, B.M. and Golob, P. (2002) Small-scale farmer perceptions of diatomaceous earth products as potential stored grain protectants in Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 21 (10). pp. 1049-1060. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00089-3)

Stathers, T.E., Mvumi, B.M. and Golob, P. (2002) Field assessment of the efficacy and persistence of diatomaceous earths in protecting stored grain on small-scale farms in Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 21 (10). pp. 1033-1048. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00088-1)

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

Diels–Alder adduct

Stevenson, Philip C., Veitch, Nigel C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2007) Polyoxygenated cyclohexane derivatives and other constituents from Kaempferia rotunda L. Phytochemistry, 68 (11). pp. 1579-1586. ISSN 0031-9422 (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.015)

diesel

Cheke, Robert A., Adranyi, Enoch, Cox, John R., Farman, Dudley I., Magoma, Richard N., Mbereki, Collen, McWilliam, Andrew N., Mtobesya, Boaz N. and van der Walt, Etienne (2013) Soil contamination and persistence of pollutants following organophosphate sprays and explosions to control red-billed quelea (Quelea quelea). Pest Management Science, 69 (3). pp. 386-396. ISSN 1526-498X (doi:10.1002/ps.3311)

Dioscorea yam

Seal, Susan, Turaki, Aliyu, Muller, Emmanuelle, Kumar, P. Lava, Kenyon, Lawrence, Filloux, Denis, Galzi, Serge, Lopez-Montes, Antonio and Iskra-Caruana, Marie-Line (2014) The prevalence of badnaviruses in West African yams (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata) and evidence of endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in their genomes. Virus Research, 186. pp. 144-154. ISSN 0168-1702 (Print), 1872-7492 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.01.007)

diptera

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

direct pest

Omongo, Christopher A., Kawuki, Robert, Bellotti, Antony C., Alicai, Titus, Baguma, Yona, Maruthi, M.N., Bua, Anton and Colvin, John (2012) African cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, resistance in African and South American cassava genotypes. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 327-336. ISSN 2095-3119 (doi:10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60017-3)

direct sale

Naziri, Diego (2009) Direct sale as a means for promoting the sustainable use of plant genetic resources: The case of the Tuscany Region. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development, 103 (1/2). pp. 65-80. ISSN 2240-2802

direct-seeded rice

Jabbar, M.A., Orr, Alastair and Karmakar, B. (2008) Direct-seeded rice in the High Barind Tract: economics and farmer evaluation. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 47-65. ISBN 9712202291

Mortimer, A.M., Mazid, M.A. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Long-term sustainability in weed management for direct seeding of rainfed rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 67-78. ISBN 9712202291

Mortimer, A.M., Riches, C.R., Mazid, M., Pandey, S. and Johnson, D.E. (2008) Issues related to direct seeding of rice in rainfed cropping systems in northwest Bangladesh. In: Singh, Y., Singh, V.P., Chauhan, B., Orr, Alastair, Mortimer, A.M., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Direct Seeding of Rice and Weed Management in the Irrigated Rice-Wheat Cropping System of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines, pp. 23-30. ISBN 978-971-22-0236-0

Riches, Charles R., Orr, Alastair, Johnson, D.E., Mortimer, A.M., Singh, G., Singh, Y., Singh, V.P., Sinha, R.K.P. and Yadav, D.S. (2006) Promotion of integrated weed management for direct-seeded rice on the Gangetic Plains of India. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 173-175. ISBN 0954645278

direct-seeding

Mazid, M.A., Khamarker, B., Mortimer, A.M. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Developments in direct seeding of rainfed rice in the High Barind Tract. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 33-45. ISBN 9712202291

Directive 2000/29/EC

Black, Robert (2017) Where will the UK's borders lie? UK Plant biosecurity legislation after Brexit. In: Fera innovation in Plant Biosecurity 2017, 15-16 March 2017, Fera, National Agri-Food innovation campus, Sand Hutton, York. (Unpublished)

discrete choice experiments

Meenakshi, J.V., Banerji, A., Manyong, Victor, Tomlins, Keith, Mittala, Nitya and Hamukwala, Priscilla (2012) Using a discrete choice experiment to elicit the demand for a nutritious food: Willingness-to-pay for orange maize in rural Zambia. Journal of Health Economics, 31 (1). pp. 62-71. ISSN 0167-6296 (doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2012.01.002)

Discrete switching system

Xiang, Changcheng, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert and Qin, Wenjie (2016) A locust phase change model with multiple switching states and random perturbation. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos (ijbc), 26 (13):1630037. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0218-1274 (Print), 1793-6551 (Online) (doi:10.1142/S0218127416300378)

disease

Banks, G.K., Colvin, J., Chowda, Reddy R.V., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V., Venkatesh, H.M., Kiran Kumar, M., Padmaja, A.S., Beitia, F.J. and Seal, S.E. (2001) First report of the Bemisia tabaci B biotype in India and an associated tomato leaf curl virus disease epidemic. Plant Disease, 85 (2). p. 231. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.2.231C)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W., Bull, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2003) Pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus: a novel begomovirus infecting cucurbits. Journal of Plant Pathology, 85 (1). pp. 64-65. ISSN 1125-4653

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S. and Thresh, J.M. (2002) First report of a distinct begomovirus infecting cassava in Zanzibar. Plant Disease, 86 (2). p. 187. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.187A)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012:795697. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Pande, S., Rao, J.N., Sharma, M., Pathak, M. and Stevenson, P. (2010) Mass-screening techniques for the early selection of disease resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). In: Miranda, M. and Spencer, M.M., (eds.) Mass Screening Techniques for Selecting Crops Resistant to Diseases. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, pp. 201-234. ISBN 978-92-0-105110-3

disease management

Chancellor, T.C.B. and Holt, J. (2008) Tungro disease dynamics. In: Tiongco, E.R., Angeles, E.R. and Sebastian, L.S., (eds.) The rice tungro virus disease: a paradigm in disease management. Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) / Honda Research Institute Japan Co. Ltd, Nueva Ecija, Philippines, pp. 92-115. ISBN 9789719081487

Willekens, Jeroen (2003) Mechanism of vector resistance in groundnut to control groundnut rosette virus disease in Sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich..

disease resistance

Gibson, Richard W., Byamukama, Emmanuel, Mpembe, Isaac, Kayongo, James and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2008) Working with farmer groups in Uganda to develop new sweet potato cultivars: decentralisation and building on traditional approaches. Euphytica, 159 (1-2). pp. 217-228. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-007-9477-4)

Tufan, Hale A., McGrann, Graham R.D., MacCormack, Ruth and Boyd, Lesley A. (2012) TaWIR1 contributes to post-penetration resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae, but not Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, in wheat. Molecular Plant Pathology, 13 (7). pp. 653-665. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2011.00775.x)

diseases

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

Hillocks, Rory J. (2010) Cotton diseases and their control in the 21st century. In: Wakelyn, Phillip J. and Chaudry, M. Rafiq, (eds.) Cotton: Technology for the 21st Century. International Cotton Advisory Council, Washington DC, USA, pp. 155-180. ISBN 9780979390357

Morgounov, Alexey, Tufan, Hale Ann, Sharma, Ram, Akin, Beyhan, Bagci, Ahmet, Braun, Hans-Joachim, Kaya, Yuksel, Keser, Mesut, Payne, Thomas S., Sonder, Kai and McIntosh, Robert (2012) Global incidence of wheat rusts and powdery mildew during 1969-2010 and durability of resistance of winter wheat variety Bezostaya 1. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 132 (3). pp. 323-340. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10658-011-9879-y)

disinfestation

Simantara, Pojana (2009) Effect of heat and high carbon dioxide treatments on quality of green asparagus and the potential of these treatments for thirps disinfestation. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

dispersal

Suckling, David Maxwell, Walker, James T.S., Shaw, Peter W., Manning, Lee-Anne, Lo, Peter, Wallis, Roger, Bell, Vaughn, Manoharie Sandanayaka, W.R., Hall, David R., Cross, Jerry V. and El-Sayed, Ashraf M. (2007) Trapping Dasinuera mali (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in apples. Journal of Economic Entomology, 100 (3). pp. 745-751. ISSN 0022-0493

Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Xiao, Yanni (2009) Effects of predator and prey dispersal on success or failure of biological control. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 71 (8). pp. 2025-2047. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-009-9438-2)

Dispersion

Mulungu, Loth S., Sixbert, Valency, Ngowo, Victoria, Mdangi, Mashaka, Katakweba, Abdul S., Tesha, Protas, Mrosso, Furaha P., Mchomvu, Margaret, Kilonzo, Bukheti S. and Belmain, Steven R. (2015) Spatio-temporal patterns in the distribution of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in rice crop and fallow land habitats in Tanzania. Mammalia, 79 (2). pp. 177-184. ISSN 0025-1461 (Print), 1864-1547 (Online) (doi:10.1515/mammalia-2014-0006)

disruption

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

Distortion products

Simões, Patrício M.V., Ingham, Robert A., Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2016) A role for acoustic distortion in novel rapid frequency modulation behaviour in free-flying male mosquitoes. Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (13). pp. 2039-2047. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.135293)

diversity

Gibson, Richard W. (2009) A review of perceptual distinctiveness in landraces including an analysis of how its roles have been overlooked in plant breeding for low-input farming systems. Economic Botany, 63 (3). pp. 242-255. ISSN 0013-0001 (Print), 1874-9364 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12231-009-9086-3)

Kenyon, Lawrence, Lebas, B.S.M. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Yams (Dioscorea spp.) from the South Pacific Islands contain many novel badnaviruses: Implications for international movement of yam germplasm. Archives of Virology, 153 (5). pp. 877-889. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0062-5)

Djodji form

Cheke, Robert A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Walsh, J.F. and Yaméogo, L. (2008) Elimination of the Djodji form of the blackfly Simulium sanctipauli sensu stricto as a result of larviciding by the WHO Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 172-174. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00725.x)

dna

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

DNA probes

Maruthi, M.N., Czosnek, H., Vidavski, F., Tarba, S-Y., Milo, J., Leviatov, S., Venkatesh, H.M., Padmaja, A.S., Kulkarni, R.S. and Muniyappa, V. (2003) Comparison of resistance to tomato leaf curl virus (India) and tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Israel) among Lycopersicon wild species, breeding lines and hybrids. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 109 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1022091905911)

Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V., Green, S.K., Colvin, J. and Hanson, P. (2003) Screening tomato and sweet-pepper genotypes resistance to Tomato leaf curl Bangalore virus and its vector Bemisia tabaci. International Journal of Pest Management, 49 (4). pp. 297-303. ISSN 0967-0874 (doi:10.1080/09670870310001593353)

DNA satellite molecules

Seal, Susan, Jeger, M.J. and vandenBosch, F. (2006) Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 23-46. ISSN 0735-2689 (doi:10.1080/07352680500365257)

dna viruses

Bousalem, M., Douzery, E.J.P. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Taxonomy, molecular phylogeny and evolution of plant reverse transcribing viruses (family Caulimoviridae) inferred from full-length genome and reverse transcriptase sequences. Archives of Virology, 153 (6). pp. 1085-1102. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0095-9)

dolichos yellow mosaic disease

Maruthi, M.N, Rekha, A.R., Govindappa, M.R., Colvin, John and Muniyappa, V. (2006) A distinct begomovirus causes Indian dolichos yellow mosaic disease. Plant Pathology, 55 (2). p. 290. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01299.x)

domestic fridges

Rees, Debbie, Hipps, Neil, Colgan, Richard and Thurston, Karen (2011) Testing ethylene control technologies in domestic fridges [Final report - Strategies to Reduce Waste of Fresh Produce]. Project Report. Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), Banbury, Oxfordshire.

Dominican Republic

Boxall, R.A., La Gra, J., Martinez, E. and Martinez, J. (1981) Post harvest losses of rice in the Dominican Republic. Tropical Stored Products Information, 42. pp. 5-10. ISSN 0564-3325

Dover

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

DPPH radicals

Motlhanka, D.M.T, Habtemariam, S. and Houghton, P. (2008) Free radical scavenging activity of crude extracts and 4´-O-methylepigallocatechin isolated from roots of Cassine transvaalensis Burtt-Davy from Botswana. African Journal of Biomedical Research, 11 (1). pp. 55-63. ISSN 1119-5096

dried cassava

Compton, J.A.F., Wright, M., Gay, C. and Stabrawa, A. (1992) A rapid method for loss assessment in stored maize and dried cassava. Interim report for project R5103. [Working Paper]

drought stress

Afiukwa, Celestine Azubuike Afiuwka, Faluyi, Julius Olaoye, Atkinson, Christopher John, Ubi, Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Igwe, David Okechukwu and Akinwale, Richard Olutayo (2016) Screening of some rice varieties and landraces cultivated in Nigeria for drought tolerance based on phenotypic traits and their association with SSR polymorphisms. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11 (29). pp. 2599-2615. ISSN 1991-637X (Print), 1991-637X (Online) (doi:10.5897/AJAR2016.11239)

drought tolerance

Afiukwa, Celestine Azubuike Afiuwka, Faluyi, Julius Olaoye, Atkinson, Christopher John, Ubi, Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Igwe, David Okechukwu and Akinwale, Richard Olutayo (2016) Screening of some rice varieties and landraces cultivated in Nigeria for drought tolerance based on phenotypic traits and their association with SSR polymorphisms. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11 (29). pp. 2599-2615. ISSN 1991-637X (Print), 1991-637X (Online) (doi:10.5897/AJAR2016.11239)

dry matter

Tomlins, Keith, Owori, Constance, Bechoff, Aurelie, Menya, Geoffrey and Westby, Andrew (2011) Relationship among the carotenoid content, dry matter content and sensory attributes of sweet potato. Food Chemistry, 131 (1). pp. 14-21. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.07.072)

drying

Bechoff, A., Dufour, D., Dhuique-Mayer, C., Marouzé, C., Reynes, M. and Westby, A. (2008) Effect of hot air, solar and sun drying treatments on provitamin A retention in orange-fleshed sweetpotato. Journal of Food Engineering, 92 (2). pp. 164-171. ISSN 0260-8774 (doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2008.10.034)

Bechoff, A., Tomlins, K.I., Dhuique-Mayer, C. and Westby, A. (2009) Understanding losses of provitamin A after drying and storage of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomea batatas). In: The Fifteenth Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops, 2-6 Nov 2009, Lima, Peru.

Bechoff, Aurelie, Tomlins, Keith, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dove, Richard and Westby, Andrew (2010) On-farm evaluation of the impact of drying and storage on the carotenoid content of orange-fleshed sweet potato (Ipomea batata Lam.). International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 46 (1). pp. 52-60. ISSN 0950-5423 (Print), 1365-2621 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2010.02450.x)

Bechoff, Aurélie (2010) Investigating carotenoid loss after drying and storage of orange-fleshed sweet potato. PhD thesis, Natural Resources Institute.

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Dufour, Dominique, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Marouzé, C., Owori, Constance, Menya, Geoffrey and Tomlins, Keith (2007) Effect of drying and storage on the content of provitamin A of orange fleshed sweet potato (Ipomoa batatas): direct sun radiations do not have significant impact. In: 10th Triennial Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops - African Branch (ISTRC-AB), 8-12 Oct 2007, Maputo, Mozambique. (Unpublished)

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey and Tomlins, Keith I. (2011) Effect of pretreatments for retaining total carotenoids in dried and stored orange-fleshed-sweet potato chips. Journal of Food Quality, 34 (4). pp. 259-267. ISSN 1745-4557 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2011.00391.x)

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Owori, Constance, Menya, Geoffrey, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dufour, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2009) Effect of drying and storage on the degradation of total carotenoids in orange-fleshed sweetpotato cultivars. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90 (4). pp. 622-629. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.3859)

Currah, Lesley and Proctor, Felicity J. (1990) Onions in tropical regions (NRI Bulletin No. 35). [Working Paper]

Hodges, Richard and Stathers, Tanya (2012) Training manual for improving grain postharvest handling and storage prepared. UN World Food Programme / Natural Resources Institute, Rome - Italy.

drylands

Kotzen, Benz, Branquinho, Cristina and Prasse, Ruediger Does the exotic equal pollution? Landscape methods for solving the dilemma of planting native versus non-native plant species in drylands. Journal of Arid Environments. ISSN 0140-1963 (Unpublished)

durability

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

durable

Morgounov, Alexey, Tufan, Hale Ann, Sharma, Ram, Akin, Beyhan, Bagci, Ahmet, Braun, Hans-Joachim, Kaya, Yuksel, Keser, Mesut, Payne, Thomas S., Sonder, Kai and McIntosh, Robert (2012) Global incidence of wheat rusts and powdery mildew during 1969-2010 and durability of resistance of winter wheat variety Bezostaya 1. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 132 (3). pp. 323-340. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10658-011-9879-y)

duranta leaf

Sharma, A., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Dubey, R.K. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Duranta leaf curl disease in India is associated with a begomovirus. Indian Journal of Virology, 20. pp. 5-6. ISSN 0970-2822

Durum wheat

Toscano, P., Genesio, L., Crisci, A., Vaccari, F.P., Ferrari, E., Cava, P. La, Porter, J.R. and Gioli, B. (2015) Empirical modelling of regional and national durum wheat quality. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 204. pp. 67-78. ISSN 0168-1923 (doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.02.003)

Toscano, P., Gioli, B., Genesio, L., Vaccari, F. P., Miglietta, F., Zaldei, A., Crisci, A., Ferrari, E., Bertuzzi, F., La Cava, P., Ronchi, C., Silvestri, M., Peressotti, A. and Porter, J. R. (2014) Durum wheat quality prediction in Mediterranean environments: From local to regional scale. European Journal of Agronomy, 61. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2014.08.003)

Toscano, P., Ranieri, R., Matese, A., Vaccari, F.P., Gioli, B., Zaldei, A., Silvestri, M., Ronchi, C., La Cava, P., Porter, J.R. and Miglietta, F. (2012) Durum wheat modeling: The Delphi system, 11 years of observations in Italy. European Journal of Agronomy, 43. pp. 108-118. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2012.06.003)

dynamic threshold

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2013) Adaptive release of natural enemies in a pest-natural enemy system with pesticide resistance. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 75 (11). pp. 2167-2195. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-013-9886-6)

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Nieto, Juan J. and Cheke, Robert A. (2013) Analytical methods for detecting pesticide switches with evolution of pesticide resistance. Mathematical Biosciences, 245 (2). pp. 249-257. ISSN 0025-5564 (Print), 1879-3134 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2013.07.008)

dépérissement des cultivars

Adikini, Scovia, Mukasa, Settumba B., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Gibson, Richard W. (2015) Sweet potato cultivar degeneration rate under high and low sweet potato virus disease pressure zones in Uganda. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 37 (1). pp. 136-147. ISSN 0706-0661 (Print), 1715-2992 (Online) (doi:10.1080/07060661.2015.1004111)

développement durable

Holden, Robert and Liversedge, Jamie (2011) Construction et architecture paysagère. Hors collection . Dunod, Paris. ISBN 2100557890, 9782100557899

E

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

EACMZV

Bull, S.E., Karakacha, H.W., Briddon, R.W., Nzioki, S., Maruthi, M.N., Stanley, J. and Winter, S. (2003) Occurrence of East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus (EACMZV) in coastal Kenya. Plant Pathology, 52 (6). p. 791. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2003.00900.x)

EAG

González Audino, P., Alzogaray, R.A., Vassena, C., Masuh, H., Fontán, A., Gatti, P., Martínez, A., Camps, F., Cork, Alan and Zerba, E. (2007) Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley’s glands of adult Triatoma infestans:identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds. Journal of Vector Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 75-82. ISSN 1081-1710

early warning systems

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

East Africa

Clark, Christopher A., Davis, Jeffrey A., Abad, Jorge A., Cuellar, Wilmer J., Fuentes, Segundo, Kreuze, Jan F., Gibson, Richard, Mukasa, Settumba B., Tugume, Arthur K., Tairo, Fred Donati and Valkonen, Jari P.T. (2012) Sweetpotato viruses: 15 years of progress on understanding and managing complex diseases. Plant Disease, 96 (2). pp. 168-185. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-07-11-0550)

De Groote, Hugo, Gunaratna, Nilupa S., Okuro, James O., Wondimu, Asrat, Chege, Christine K. and Tomlins, Keith (2014) Consumer acceptance of quality protein maize (QPM) in East Africa. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94 (15). pp. 3201-3212. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6672)

Legg, J.P., Jeremiah, S.C., Obiero, H.M., Maruthi, M.N., Ndyetabula, I., Okao-Okuja, G., Bouwmeester, H., Bigirimana, S., Tata-Hangy, W., Gashaka, G., Mkamilo, G., Alicai, T. and Lava Kumar, P. (2011) Comparing the regional epidemiology of the cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak virus pandemics in Africa. Virus Research, 159 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2011.04.018)

Tomlins, Keith, Ndunguru, Gabriel, Kimenya, F., Ngendello, Theresia, Rwiza, Elizabeth, Amour, Rahila, van Oirschot, Quirien E.A. and Westby, Andrew (2007) On-farm evaluation of methods for storing fresh sweet potato roots in East Africa. Tropical Science, 47 (4). pp. 197-210. ISSN 0041-3291 (doi:10.1002/ts.214)

East African cassava mosaic virus

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus

Bull, S.E., Karakacha, H.W., Briddon, R.W., Nzioki, S., Maruthi, M.N., Stanley, J. and Winter, S. (2003) Occurrence of East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus (EACMZV) in coastal Kenya. Plant Pathology, 52 (6). p. 791. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2003.00900.x)

east and southern Africa

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Postharvest agriculture in changing climates: Its importance to African smallholder farmers. Food Security, 5 (3). pp. 361-392. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0262-z)

East Anglia UK

Niitepõld, Kristjan, Smith, Alan D., Osborne, Juliet L., Reynolds, Don R., Carreck, Norman L., Martin, Andrew P., Marden, James H., Ovaskainen, Otso and Hanski, Ilkka (2009) Flight metabolic rate and Pgi genotype influence butterfly dispersal rate in the field. Ecology, 90 (8). pp. 2223-2232. ISSN 0012-9658 (doi:10.1890/08-1498.1)

eastern Africa

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Mohammed, Ibrahim Umar (2012) Virus-host interactions in the cassava brown streak disease pathosystem. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Eastern Nepal

Boxall, R.A. and Gillett, R. (1982) Farm level storage losses in Eastern Nepal (G157). [Working Paper]

ecological and conventional farming

Hossain, M.F., Elahi, S.F., White, S.K., Alam, Q.K., Rother, J.A. and Gaunt, J.L. (2012) Nitrogen budgets for Boro rice (Oryza sativa L.) fields in Bangladesh. Field Crops Research, 131. pp. 97-109. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2012.02.029)

ecological resources

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

ecology

UNSPECIFIED (2010) Rodent outbreaks: ecology and impacts. In: Singleton, Grant R., Belmain, Steve R., Brown, Peter R. and Hardy, Bill, (eds.) International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines. ISBN 9789712202575

Kotzen, B. (2004) Plant use in desert climates - looking forward to sustainable planting in the Negev and other world deserts. In: Junge-Berberovic, R., Baechtiger, J.-B. and Simpson, W.J., (eds.) Proceedings of the International Conference on Urban Horticulture. Acta Horticulturae (643). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 39-49. ISBN 978-90-66055-17-9 ISSN 0567-7572

Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, Midatharahally, Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C., Brown, J.K. and Legg, J.P. (2006) Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (2). pp. 145-153. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00402.x)

econometric valuation

Conway, J.A., Daplyn, P.F., Clarke, P.A. and Twiddy, D.R. (1992) A study in the determination of quality/value relationships in rice (NRI Bulletin 55). [Working Paper]

economic costs

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

economic losses

Naziri, Diego, Quaye, Wilhelmina, Siwoku, Bernard, Wanlapatit, Sittichoke, Viet Phu, Tu and Bennett, Ben (2014) The diversity of postharvest losses in cassava value chains in selected developing countries. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 115 (2). pp. 111-123. ISSN 1612-9830 (Print), 2363-6033 (Online)

economic threshold

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2012) An integrated pest management model with delayed responses to pesticide applications and its threshold dynamics. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 13 (5). pp. 2352-2374. ISSN 1468-1218 (doi:10.1016/j.nonrwa.2012.02.003)

Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Models for integrated pest control and their biological implications. Mathematical Biosciences, 215 (1). pp. 115-125. ISSN 0025-5564 (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2008.06.008)

Tang, Sanyi, Tang, Guangyao and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Optimum timing for integrated pest management: Modelling rates of pesticide application and natural enemy releases. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 264 (2). pp. 623-638. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.02.034)

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Dynamical analysis of plant disease models with cultural control strategies and economic thresholds. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 80 (5). pp. 894-921. ISSN 0378-4754 (doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2009.10.004)

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Multiple attractors of host-parasitoid models with integrated pest management strategies: eradication, persistence and outbreak. Theoretical Population Biology, 73 (2). pp. 181-197. ISSN 0040-5809 (doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2007.12.001)

economics

Compton, J.A.F., Floyd, S., Magrath, P.A., Addo, S., Gbedevi, S.R., Agbo, B., Bokor, G., Amekupe, S., Motey, Z., Penni, H. and Kumi, S. (1998) Involving grain traders in determining the effect of post-harvest insect damage on the price of maize in African markets. Crop Protection, 17 (6). pp. 483-489. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(98)00041-6.)

economy

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

ecosystem services

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

ecosystem based adaptation

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

ecosystem services

Porter, John, Costanza, Robert, Sandhu, Harpinder, Sigsgaard, Lene and Wratten, Steve (2009) The value of producing food, energy, and ecosystem services within an agro-ecosystem. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38 (4). pp. 186-193. ISSN 0044-7447 (Print), 1654-7209 (Online) (doi:10.1579/0044-7447-38.4.186)

Ecuador

Guerra, Patricia C., Keil, Clifford B., Stevenson, Philip C., Mina, Diego, Samaniego, Servio, Peralt, Eduardo, Mazon, Nelson and Chancellor, Timothy C.B. (2016) Larval performance and adult attraction of Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in a native and an introduced crop. Journal of Economic Entomology, 110 (1). pp. 186-191. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online) (doi:10.1093/jee/tow237)

edible nuts

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

education

Ausher, Reuben, Ben-Ze'ev, Israel S. and Black, Robert (1996) The role of plant clinics in plant disease diagnosis and education in developing countries. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 34 (1). pp. 51-66. ISSN 0066-4286 (doi:10.1146/annurev.phyto.34.1.51)

effect

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

egg development

Crooks, William T.S. and Cheke, Robert (2014) Soil moisture assessments for brown locust Locustana pardalina breeding potential using synthetic aperture radar. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing (JARS), 8 (1):084898. ISSN 1931-3195 (doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.084898)

electron microscopy

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

elimination

Cheke, Robert A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Walsh, J.F. and Yaméogo, L. (2008) Elimination of the Djodji form of the blackfly Simulium sanctipauli sensu stricto as a result of larviciding by the WHO Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 172-174. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00725.x)

ELISA

Maruthi, M.N., Manjunatha, B., Rekha, A.R., Govindappa, M.R., Colvin, John and Muniyappa, V. (2006) Dolichos yellow mosaic virus belongs to a distinct lineage of Old World begomoviruses; its biological and molecular properties. Annals of Applied Biology, 149 (2). pp. 187-195. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00075.x)

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Seal, Susan, Turaki, Aliyu, Muller, Emmanuelle, Kumar, P. Lava, Kenyon, Lawrence, Filloux, Denis, Galzi, Serge, Lopez-Montes, Antonio and Iskra-Caruana, Marie-Line (2014) The prevalence of badnaviruses in West African yams (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata) and evidence of endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in their genomes. Virus Research, 186. pp. 144-154. ISSN 0168-1702 (Print), 1872-7492 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.01.007)

emerging disease epidemics

Seal, Susan, Jeger, M.J. and vandenBosch, F. (2006) Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 23-46. ISSN 0735-2689 (doi:10.1080/07352680500365257)

emerging diseases

Mbanzibwa, D.R., Tian, Y.P., Tugume, A.K., Patil, B.L., Yadav, J.S., Bagewadi, B., Abarshi, M.M., Alicai, T., Changadeya, W., Mkumbira, J., Muli, M.B., Mukasa, S.B., Tairo, F., Baguma, Y., Kyamanywa, S., Kullaya, A., Maruthi, M.N., Fauquet, C.M. and Valkonen, J.P.T. (2010) Evolution of cassava brown streak disease-associated viruses. Journal of General Virology, 92 (4). pp. 974-987. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.026922-0)

emigration

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

empowerment

Phillips, David P. (2014) Uneven and unequal people-centered development: the case of Fair Trade and Malawi sugar producers. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (4). pp. 563-576. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9500-z)

enantiomers

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

enantioselectivity

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

endogenous pararetroviral sequences (EPRVs)

Bousalem, Mustapha, Durand, O., Scarcelli, N., Lebas, B.S.M., Kenyon, L., Marchand, J.-L., Lefort, F. and Seal, S.E. (2009) Dilemmas caused by endogenous pararetroviruses regarding the taxonomy and diagnosis of yam (Dioscorea spp.) badnaviruses: Analyses to support safe germplasm movement. Archives of Virology, 154 (2). pp. 297-314. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-009-0311-2)

Endogenous pararetroviruses

Seal, Susan, Turaki, Aliyu, Muller, Emmanuelle, Kumar, P. Lava, Kenyon, Lawrence, Filloux, Denis, Galzi, Serge, Lopez-Montes, Antonio and Iskra-Caruana, Marie-Line (2014) The prevalence of badnaviruses in West African yams (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata) and evidence of endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in their genomes. Virus Research, 186. pp. 144-154. ISSN 0168-1702 (Print), 1872-7492 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.01.007)

Endosulfan

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

Endosymbiotic bacteria

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Prevalence and genetic diversity of endosymbiotic bacteria infecting cassava whiteflies in Africa. BMC Microbiology, 15 (1):93. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2180 (Print), 1471-2180 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12866-015-0425-5)

energy intensity

Bennetzen, Eskild H., Smith, Pete, Soussana, Jean-Francois and Porter, John R. (2012) Identity-based estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from crop production: Case study from Denmark. European Journal of Agronomy, 41. pp. 66-72. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2012.03.010)

energy production

Porter, John, Costanza, Robert, Sandhu, Harpinder, Sigsgaard, Lene and Wratten, Steve (2009) The value of producing food, energy, and ecosystem services within an agro-ecosystem. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38 (4). pp. 186-193. ISSN 0044-7447 (Print), 1654-7209 (Online) (doi:10.1579/0044-7447-38.4.186)

entomological radars

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

entomopathogenic fungi

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

entomopathogenic fungus

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

entomopathogenic virus

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

entomopathogens

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

environment

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

Oluwole, Oluwafemi and Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Health and environmental impacts of pesticide use practices: a case study of farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 7 (3). pp. 153-163. ISSN 1473-5903 (Print), 1747-762X (Online) (doi:10.3763/ijas.2009.0431)

environmental risk assessment

Perry, Joe N. (2011) The effect of BT-maize on butterflies - reckoning the risk. Outlooks on Pest Managment, 22 (5). pp. 199-205. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/22oct02)

environnement

Holden, Robert and Liversedge, Jamie (2011) Construction et architecture paysagère. Hors collection . Dunod, Paris. ISBN 2100557890, 9782100557899

epicatechin

Motlhanka, D.M.T, Habtemariam, S. and Houghton, P. (2008) Free radical scavenging activity of crude extracts and 4´-O-methylepigallocatechin isolated from roots of Cassine transvaalensis Burtt-Davy from Botswana. African Journal of Biomedical Research, 11 (1). pp. 55-63. ISSN 1119-5096

epidemic

Legg, J.P., Jeremiah, S.C., Obiero, H.M., Maruthi, M.N., Ndyetabula, I., Okao-Okuja, G., Bouwmeester, H., Bigirimana, S., Tata-Hangy, W., Gashaka, G., Mkamilo, G., Alicai, T. and Lava Kumar, P. (2011) Comparing the regional epidemiology of the cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak virus pandemics in Africa. Virus Research, 159 (2). pp. 161-170. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2011.04.018)

epidemiology

Chowda-Reddy, R.V., Kirankumar, M., Seal, Susan E., Muniyappa, V., Valand, Girish B., Govindappa, M.R. and Colvin, John (2012) Bemisia tabaci phylogenetic groups in India and the relative transmission efficacy of Tomato leaf curl Bangalore virus by an indigenous and an exotic population. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 235-248. ISSN 2095-3119 (doi:10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60008-2)

Latham, Lindrea Jane (2008) The epidemiology and management of fungal- and nonpersistent aphid-borne plant viruses in a Mediterranean type climate. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Dynamical analysis of plant disease models with cultural control strategies and economic thresholds. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 80 (5). pp. 894-921. ISSN 0378-4754 (doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2009.10.004)

epidermis

Dyer, Adrian G., Whitney, Heather M., Arnold, Sarah E.J., Glover, Beverley J. and Chittka, Lars (2007) Mutations perturbing petal cell shape and anthocyanin synthesis influence bumblebee perception of Antirrhinum majus flower colour. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 1 (1). pp. 45-55. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-007-9002-7)

ergotamine

Martin, P.M.D. and Gilman, G.A. (1976) A consideration of the mycotoxin hypothesis with special reference to the mycoflora of maize, sorghum, wheat and groundnuts (G105). Discussion Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

essential oil

Coppen, J.J.W. and Hone, G.A. (1992) Eucalyptus oils: a review of production and markets (NRI Bulletin 56). [Working Paper]

establishment

Davies, M.J., Longbottom, H. and Atkinson, C.J. (2011) Changes in duration of rhizome cold storage and manipulation of the growing environment to promote field establishment of Miscanthus giganteus. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35 (10). pp. 4268-4279. ISSN 0961-9534 (doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.07.013)

esterase

Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Rekha, A.R., Raghavendra, N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Chancellor, Tim and Maruthi, M.N. (2007) Development of silverleaf assay, protein and nucleic acid-based diagnostic techniques for the quick and reliable detection and monitoring of biotype B of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97 (5). pp. 503-513. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1017/S0007485307005251)

ethanolic extract

Habtemariam, S. (2008) Activity-guided isolation and identification of free radical-scavenging components from ethanolic extract of boneset (leaves of Eupatorium perfoliatum). Natural Product Communications, 3 (8). pp. 1317-1320. ISSN 1934-578X (Print), 1555-9475 (Online)

ethics

Nelson, Valerie, Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Pathways of transformation or transgression? Power relations, ethical space and labour rights in Kenyan agri-food value chains. In: Goodman, Michael K. and Sage, Colin, (eds.) Food Transgressions: Making Sense of Contemporary Food Politics. Critical Food Studies . Ashgate Publishing, Farnham, UK, pp. 15-38. ISBN 9780754679707

Ethiopia

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

ethno-ecology

Kamanula, John, Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Sola, Phosiso, Mvumi, Brighton M., Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C., Nyirenda, Stephen P. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers' insect pest management practices and pesticidal plant use in the protection of stored maize and beans in Southern Africa. International Journal of Pest Management, 57 (1). pp. 41-49. ISSN 1366-5863 (electronic) 0967-0874 (paper) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2010.522264)

ethnobotanical survey

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

ethnobotanicals

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

Etho Vision

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2007) Prey-specific contact kairomones exploited by adult and larval Teretrius nigrescens: a behavioural comparison across different stored-product pests and different pest substrates. Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (3). pp. 265-275. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2006.06.009)

ethylene

Cheema, M.U.A., Rees, D., Westby, A. and Taylor, M. (2010) Hormonal control of sprouting of sweetpotatoes in storage. In: Herppich, W.B., (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. Acta Horticulturae (858). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 173-177. ISBN 978-90-66052-06-2 ISSN 0567-7572

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

Rees, Deborah, Hipps, Neil, Colgan, Richard and Thurston, Karen (2011) Ethylene and microbial hotspots in the fresh produce supply chain. [Final report]. Project Report. Waste Resources Action Programme, Banbury, Oxfordshire, UK.

ethylene control technologies

Rees, Debbie, Hipps, Neil, Colgan, Richard and Thurston, Karen (2011) Testing ethylene control technologies in domestic fridges [Final report - Strategies to Reduce Waste of Fresh Produce]. Project Report. Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), Banbury, Oxfordshire.

EU

Black, Robert (2017) Where will the UK's borders lie? UK Plant biosecurity legislation after Brexit. In: Fera innovation in Plant Biosecurity 2017, 15-16 March 2017, Fera, National Agri-Food innovation campus, Sand Hutton, York. (Unpublished)

eucalyptus leaf

Coppen, J.J.W. and Hone, G.A. (1992) Eucalyptus oils: a review of production and markets (NRI Bulletin 56). [Working Paper]

eucalyptus oil

Coppen, J.J.W. and Hone, G.A. (1992) Eucalyptus oils: a review of production and markets (NRI Bulletin 56). [Working Paper]

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Habtemariam, S. (2008) Activity-guided isolation and identification of free radical-scavenging components from ethanolic extract of boneset (leaves of Eupatorium perfoliatum). Natural Product Communications, 3 (8). pp. 1317-1320. ISSN 1934-578X (Print), 1555-9475 (Online)

Europe

Holden, Robert and Tutundzic, Andreja (2008) Landscape architecture education in Europe. International Federation of Landscape Architects Newsletter, 78. pp. 5-7.

European Commission

Hillocks, Rory (2013) Impact of EU pesticide reduction strategy and implications for crop protection in the UK and the Rest of Europe. Outlooks on Pest Management, 24 (5). pp. 206-209. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v24_oct_05)

Eurygaster integriceps

Athanassios, Siomos, Downham, Mark C. A., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R., Phythian, Sara J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Behavioral responses of Sunn Pest to volatiles from conspecific insects and host plants. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 167-180. ISBN 9789953010632

Green, Stuart V., Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) The role of vibratory signals in mating behavior of Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 157-166. ISBN 9789953010632

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Innocenzi, Paul J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Chemical and electrophysiological studies on Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9789953010632

evaluation policies and practices

Martin, Adrienne and Nelson, Valerie (2012) Impact assessment policies and practices of EIARD members: study. Technical Report. AGRINATURA-EEIG Secretariat, Paris, France.

evolution

Dyer, Adrian G., Whitney, Heather M., Arnold, Sarah E.J., Glover, Beverley J. and Chittka, Lars (2007) Mutations perturbing petal cell shape and anthocyanin synthesis influence bumblebee perception of Antirrhinum majus flower colour. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 1 (1). pp. 45-55. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-007-9002-7)

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Nieto, Juan J. and Cheke, Robert A. (2013) Analytical methods for detecting pesticide switches with evolution of pesticide resistance. Mathematical Biosciences, 245 (2). pp. 249-257. ISSN 0025-5564 (Print), 1879-3134 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2013.07.008)

exotic fruit

Hallam, David and Molina, Juan Patricio (1988) The United Kingdom market for fresh exotic fruit (ODNRI Bulletin No. 13). [Working Paper]

experiential learning

Stathers, Tanya, Low, J., Mwanga, R., Carey, T., David, S. and Gibson, Richard (2013) Everything you ever wanted to know about sweetpotato: Reaching Agents of Change training of trainers (TOT) manual. Manual. International Potato Center (CIP).

experimental auction

De Groote, Hugo, Chege, Christine Kiria, Tomlins, Keith and Gunaratna, Nilupa S. (2014) Combining experimental auctions with a modified home-use test to assess rural consumers' acceptance of quality protein maize, a biofortified crop. Food Quality and Preference, 38. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0950-3293 (doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2014.04.014)

experimental auctions

Birol, Ekin, Meenakshi, J. V., Oparinde, Adewale, Perez, Salomon and Tomlins, Keith (2015) Developing country consumers’ acceptance of biofortified foods: a synthesis. Food Security, 7 (3). pp. 555-568. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-015-0464-7)

explosions

Cheke, Robert A., Adranyi, Enoch, Cox, John R., Farman, Dudley I., Magoma, Richard N., Mbereki, Collen, McWilliam, Andrew N., Mtobesya, Boaz N. and van der Walt, Etienne (2013) Soil contamination and persistence of pollutants following organophosphate sprays and explosions to control red-billed quelea (Quelea quelea). Pest Management Science, 69 (3). pp. 386-396. ISSN 1526-498X (doi:10.1002/ps.3311)

expression

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

faba bean

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

Fair Trade

Phillips, David P. (2014) Uneven and unequal people-centered development: the case of Fair Trade and Malawi sugar producers. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (4). pp. 563-576. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9500-z)

Fairtrade

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2012) The impact of Fairtrade: Evidence, shaping factors, and future pathways. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 42-63. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.005)

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

farm granaries

Boxall, Robin, Golob, Peter and Taylor, Robert (1997) Pest management in farm granaries: with special reference to Africa. [Working Paper]

farm level storage

Boxall, R.A. and Gillett, R. (1982) Farm level storage losses in Eastern Nepal (G157). [Working Paper]

farm loss

Boxall, R.A. (1986) A critical review of the methodology for assessing farm-level grain losses after harvest (G191). [Working Paper]

farm storage

Compton, Julia A.F., Ofosu, Anthony, Magrath, Priscilla A., Motte, Felix F., Acquaye, Kenneth, Addo, Samuel and Boxall, Robin A. (1998) Rapid assessment methods for small farm storage surveys. In: Post-Harvest Technology and Commodity Marketing: Proceedings of a Postharvest Conference - 2[9] Nov to 1 Dec 1995, Accra, Ghana. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 187-198. ISBN 978-131-111-8

farm survey

Compton, Julia A.F., Ofosu, Anthony, Magrath, Priscilla A., Motte, Felix F., Acquaye, Kenneth, Addo, Samuel and Boxall, Robin A. (1998) Rapid assessment methods for small farm storage surveys. In: Post-Harvest Technology and Commodity Marketing: Proceedings of a Postharvest Conference - 2[9] Nov to 1 Dec 1995, Accra, Ghana. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 187-198. ISBN 978-131-111-8

farmer

Tomlins, Keith, Ndunguru, Gabriel, Kimenya, F., Ngendello, Theresia, Rwiza, Elizabeth, Amour, Rahila, van Oirschot, Quirien E.A. and Westby, Andrew (2007) On-farm evaluation of methods for storing fresh sweet potato roots in East Africa. Tropical Science, 47 (4). pp. 197-210. ISSN 0041-3291 (doi:10.1002/ts.214)

farmer coping strategies

Golob, P. (2002) Chemical, physical and cultural control of Prostephanus truncatus. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 245-277. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040817.59207.3a)

farmer selection

Gibson, R.W., Lyimo, N.G., Temu, A.E.M., Stathers, T.E., Page, W.W., Nsemwa, L.T.H., Acola, G. and Lamboll, R.I. (2005) Maize seed selection by East African smallholder farmers and resistance to Maize streak virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (2). pp. 153-159. ISSN 0003-4746 (Print), 1744-7348 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00021.x)

farmers

Stevenson, Philip C., Belmain, Steven R., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Sola, Phosiso, Brighton, M. Mvumi, Sileshi, Gudeta, Kamanula, John and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2009) Optimising sustainable use of pesticidal plants by subsistence farmers in southern Africa. In: 8th Phytochemical Society of Europe (PSE) Meeting on Biopesticides, 21-26 Sep 2009, Convention Center La Palma-Teneguía Princess, La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. (Unpublished)

farmers perspectives

Stathers, T.E., Chigariro, J., Mudiwa, M., Mvumi, B.M. and Golob, P. (2002) Small-scale farmer perceptions of diatomaceous earth products as potential stored grain protectants in Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 21 (10). pp. 1049-1060. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00089-3)

fecundity

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

fenthion

Cheke, Robert A., Adranyi, Enoch, Cox, John R., Farman, Dudley I., Magoma, Richard N., Mbereki, Collen, McWilliam, Andrew N., Mtobesya, Boaz N. and van der Walt, Etienne (2013) Soil contamination and persistence of pollutants following organophosphate sprays and explosions to control red-billed quelea (Quelea quelea). Pest Management Science, 69 (3). pp. 386-396. ISSN 1526-498X (doi:10.1002/ps.3311)

Fenvalerate

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

ferric pyrophosphate

Hotz, Christine, Porcayo, Maribel, Onofre, Germán, García-Guerra, Armando, Elliott, Terry, Jankowski, Shirley and Greiner, Ted (2008) Efficacy of iron-fortified Ultra Rice in improving the iron status of women in Mexico. Food & Nutrition Bulletin, 29 (2). pp. 140-149. ISSN 0379-5721 (Print), 1564-8265 (Online)

fertilisers

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

fertility

Thompson, Elinor, Glover, Beverley and Davies, Julia (2008) A MATE protein involved in flavonoid transport in Arabidopsis flowers. In: XVI Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology (FESPB), 15-18 Aug 2008, Tampere, Finland. (Unpublished)

Thompson, Elinor, Llewellyn Smith, Stefan and Glover, Beverley (2008) Rhomboid proteases in Arabidopsis. In: XVI Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology (FESPB), 15-18 Aug 2008, Tampere, Finland. (Unpublished)

field activity

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

field analysis

Compton, Julia A.F., Ofosu, Anthony, Magrath, Priscilla A., Motte, Felix F., Acquaye, Kenneth, Addo, Samuel and Boxall, Robin A. (1998) Rapid assessment methods for small farm storage surveys. In: Post-Harvest Technology and Commodity Marketing: Proceedings of a Postharvest Conference - 2[9] Nov to 1 Dec 1995, Accra, Ghana. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 187-198. ISBN 978-131-111-8

Field performance

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

field trapping

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

firmness

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

Glowacz, Marcin and Rees, Deborah (2016) Exposure to ozone reduces postharvest quality loss in red and green chilli peppers. Food Chemistry, 210. pp. 305-310. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.04.119)

flavonoid

Thompson, Elinor, Glover, Beverley and Davies, Julia (2008) A MATE protein involved in flavonoid transport in Arabidopsis flowers. In: XVI Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology (FESPB), 15-18 Aug 2008, Tampere, Finland. (Unpublished)

flavonoid plant development

Thompson, Elinor (2013) A fertile field: the mutual influence and parallel histories of auxin and flavonoids. In: Chen, Rujin and Baluška, František, (eds.) Polar Auxin Transport. Signaling and Communication in Plants (17). Springer-Verlag, pp. 311-336. ISBN 9783642352980

flavour

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

flight ability

Niitepõld, Kristjan, Smith, Alan D., Osborne, Juliet L., Reynolds, Don R., Carreck, Norman L., Martin, Andrew P., Marden, James H., Ovaskainen, Otso and Hanski, Ilkka (2009) Flight metabolic rate and Pgi genotype influence butterfly dispersal rate in the field. Ecology, 90 (8). pp. 2223-2232. ISSN 0012-9658 (doi:10.1890/08-1498.1)

flight traps

Hodges, R.J. (2002) Detection and monitoring of larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 223-243. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040815.06804.c1)

floriculture

Turner, Tom (2008) 24 historic styles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-3-0

Turner, Tom (2008) The principles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com [website], London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-2-3

Turner, Tom and Gothein, Marie-Luise (2008) Indian gardens. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-4-7

flour

Tomlins, Keith, Sanni, Lateef, Oyewole, Olusola B., Dipeolu, Adewale, Ayinde, Idris, Adebayo, Kolawole and Westby, Andrew (2007) Consumer acceptability and sensory evaluation of a fermented cassava product (Nigerian fufu). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87 (10). pp. 1949-1956. ISSN 0022-5142 (doi:10.1002/jsfa.2941)

food

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Hillocks, Rory (2013) Impact of EU pesticide reduction strategy and implications for crop protection in the UK and the Rest of Europe. Outlooks on Pest Management, 24 (5). pp. 206-209. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v24_oct_05)

food aid

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

food analysis

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

food and nutrition security

Okwadi, Julius (2015) Introducing a pro-vitamin a rich staple crop: analysis of decision making along the orange fleshed sweetpotato value chain in Uganda. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

food biochemistry

Belet, Olivier (2004) Disease resistance in sucrose polyester coated conference pears inoculated with Penicillium expansum and Monilinia fructigena. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

food commodities

Tomlins, Keith (2009) Factors influencing the post-harvest quality and consumer preference of sweet potato and other products in sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

food composition

Bechoff, Aurelie, Chijioke, Ugo, Tomlins, Keith I., Govinden, Pesila, Ilona, Paul, Westby, Andrew and Boy, Erick (2015) Carotenoid stability during storage of yellow gari made from biofortified cassava or with palm oil. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 44. pp. 36-44. ISSN 0889-1575 (doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2015.06.002)

food loss

Adams, J.M. (1976) A guide to the objective and reliable estimation of food losses in small scale farmer storage. Tropical Stored Products Information, 32. pp. 5-12. ISSN 0564-3325

Food matrix

Bechoff, Aurélie and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2016) Factors influencing micronutrient bioavailability in biofortified crops. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1390. pp. 74-87. ISSN 0077-8923 (Print), 1749-6632 (Online) (doi:10.1111/nyas.13301)

food poisoning

Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus): Is there a case for further crop improvement? Euphytica, 186 (3). pp. 647-654. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-012-0702-4)

food production

Porter, John, Costanza, Robert, Sandhu, Harpinder, Sigsgaard, Lene and Wratten, Steve (2009) The value of producing food, energy, and ecosystem services within an agro-ecosystem. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38 (4). pp. 186-193. ISSN 0044-7447 (Print), 1654-7209 (Online) (doi:10.1579/0044-7447-38.4.186)

food quality

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Hodges, Richard and Stathers, Tanya (2012) Training manual for improving grain postharvest handling and storage prepared. UN World Food Programme / Natural Resources Institute, Rome - Italy.

food safety

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Black, Robert (2017) The Impact of Brexit on Biosecurity. In: Breaking Down Brexit for Businesses and Citizens, 3 July 2017, Ashurst, 9 Appold Way, London EC2A 2AP. (Unpublished)

Naziri, Diego, Aubert, Magali, Codron, Jean-Marie, Loc, Nguyen Thi Tan and Moustier, Paule (2014) Estimating the impact of small-scale farmer collective action on food safety: The case of vegetables in Vietnam. The Journal of Development Studies, 50 (5). pp. 715-730. ISSN 0022-0388 (Print), 1743-9140 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00220388.2013.874555)

food security

UNSPECIFIED (2010) Rodent outbreaks: ecology and impacts. In: Singleton, Grant R., Belmain, Steve R., Brown, Peter R. and Hardy, Bill, (eds.) International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines. ISBN 9789712202575

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus): Is there a case for further crop improvement? Euphytica, 186 (3). pp. 647-654. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-012-0702-4)

Islam, Zahirul, Chancellor, Timothy, Rahman, Anisur, Heong, K.L., Ahmed, Nur, Choudhury, M.H. Khan, Hossain, Mofazzel, Hossain, Mosaddeque, Hossain, Zakir, Rani Das, Sumona, Hasan, Mohibul and Haq, Mainul (2010) Productivity of ecological organic and conventional rice cropping systems in Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, 3 (2). pp. 39-49. ISSN 1999-7361

Legg, James, Somado, Eklou Attiogbevi, Barker, Ian, Beach, Larry, Ceballos, Hernan, Cuellar, Willmer, Elkhoury, Warid, Gerling, Dan, Helsen, Jan, Hershey, Clair, Jarvis, Andy, Kulakow, Peter, Kumar, Lava, Lorenzen, Jim, Lynam, John, McMahon, Matthew, Maruthi, Gowda, Miano, Doug, Mtunda, Kiddo, Natwuruhunga, Pheneas, Okogbenin, Emmanuel, Pezo, Phemba, Terry, Eugene, Thiele, Graham, Thresh, Mike, Wadsworth, Jonathan, Walsh, Steve, Winter, Stephan, Tohme, Joe and Fauquet, Claude (2014) A global alliance declaring war on cassava viruses in Africa. Food Security, 6 (2). pp. 231-248. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0340-x)

Stathers, T.E., Chigariro, J., Mudiwa, M., Mvumi, B.M. and Golob, P. (2002) Small-scale farmer perceptions of diatomaceous earth products as potential stored grain protectants in Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 21 (10). pp. 1049-1060. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00089-3)

Stathers, T.E., Mvumi, B.M. and Golob, P. (2002) Field assessment of the efficacy and persistence of diatomaceous earths in protecting stored grain on small-scale farms in Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 21 (10). pp. 1033-1048. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00088-1)

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Postharvest agriculture in changing climates: Its importance to African smallholder farmers. Food Security, 5 (3). pp. 361-392. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0262-z)

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

food value chains

Nelson, Valerie, Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Pathways of transformation or transgression? Power relations, ethical space and labour rights in Kenyan agri-food value chains. In: Goodman, Michael K. and Sage, Colin, (eds.) Food Transgressions: Making Sense of Contemporary Food Politics. Critical Food Studies . Ashgate Publishing, Farnham, UK, pp. 15-38. ISBN 9780754679707

forecast

Cheke, Robert A., Venn, Jon F. and Jones, Peter J. (2007) Forecasting suitable breeding conditions for the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea in southern Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44 (3). pp. 523-533. ISSN 0021-8901 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01295.x)

forecasting

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

forecasting tool

Toscano, P., Genesio, L., Crisci, A., Vaccari, F.P., Ferrari, E., Cava, P. La, Porter, J.R. and Gioli, B. (2015) Empirical modelling of regional and national durum wheat quality. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 204. pp. 67-78. ISSN 0168-1923 (doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.02.003)

forest

Wilson, M.D., Cheke, R.A., Fiasse, S.P.J., Grist, S., Osei-Ateweneboana, M.Y., Tetteh-Kumah, A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Jolliffe, F.R., Boakye, D.A., Hougard, J.-M., Yameogo, L. and Post, R.J. (2002) Deforestation and the spatio-temporal distribution of savannah and forest members of the Simulium damnosum complex in southern Ghana and south-western Togo. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 96 (6). pp. 632-639. ISSN 0035-9203 (Print), 1878-3503 (Online) (doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(02)90335-4)

forest products

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

forestry

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Formulation

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

fortification

Hotz, Christine, Porcayo, Maribel, Onofre, Germán, García-Guerra, Armando, Elliott, Terry, Jankowski, Shirley and Greiner, Ted (2008) Efficacy of iron-fortified Ultra Rice in improving the iron status of women in Mexico. Food & Nutrition Bulletin, 29 (2). pp. 140-149. ISSN 0379-5721 (Print), 1564-8265 (Online)

fortified rice

Beinner, Mark A., Velasquez-Meléndez, Gustavo, Pessoa, Milene C. and Greiner, Ted (2009) Iron-fortified rice is as efficacious as supplemental iron drops in infants and young children. The Journal of Nutrition, 140 (1). pp. 49-53. ISSN 0022-3166 (Print), 1541-6100 (Online) (doi:10.3945/jn.109.112623)

fragaria

Atkinson, Christopher J. and Else, Mark A. (2012) Hydraulic conductivity and PAT determine hierarchical resource partitioning and ramet development along Fragaria stolons. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63 (14). pp. 5093-5104. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/ers155)

fragaria X ananassa

Jay, Chantelle, Fitzgerald, Jean, Hipps, Neil and Atkinson, Christopher (2015) Why short-term biochar application has no yield benefits; evidence from three field-grown crops. Soil Use and Management, 31 (2). pp. 241-250. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (doi:10.1111/sum.12181)

free radical-scavenging components

Habtemariam, S. (2008) Activity-guided isolation and identification of free radical-scavenging components from ethanolic extract of boneset (leaves of Eupatorium perfoliatum). Natural Product Communications, 3 (8). pp. 1317-1320. ISSN 1934-578X (Print), 1555-9475 (Online)

freight containers

Harris, A.H. (1984) Phosphine fumigation of tobacco in freight containers. Tropical Stored Products Information, 49. pp. 19-25. ISSN 0564-3325

frequency of pesticide applications

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2013) Adaptive release of natural enemies in a pest-natural enemy system with pesticide resistance. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 75 (11). pp. 2167-2195. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-013-9886-6)

fresh produce

Glowacz, Marcin, Colgan, Richard and Rees, Deborah (2015) Influence of continuous exposure to gaseous ozone on the quality of red bell peppers, cucumbers and zucchini. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 99. pp. 1-8. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2014.06.015)

Glowacz, Marcin and Rees, Deborah (2016) Exposure to ozone reduces postharvest quality loss in red and green chilli peppers. Food Chemistry, 210. pp. 305-310. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.04.119)

Rees, Debbie, Hipps, Neil, Colgan, Richard and Thurston, Karen (2011) Testing ethylene control technologies in domestic fridges [Final report - Strategies to Reduce Waste of Fresh Produce]. Project Report. Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), Banbury, Oxfordshire.

fresh produce supply chain

Rees, Deborah, Hipps, Neil, Colgan, Richard and Thurston, Karen (2011) Ethylene and microbial hotspots in the fresh produce supply chain. [Final report]. Project Report. Waste Resources Action Programme, Banbury, Oxfordshire, UK.

fruit crops

Thomas, Helen Sarah (2015) The role of chemicals in the location of host plants by midge pests of UK fruit crops. MPhil thesis, University of Greenwich.

fruit market

Hallam, David and Molina, Juan Patricio (1988) The United Kingdom market for fresh exotic fruit (ODNRI Bulletin No. 13). [Working Paper]

fruits

Suleiman, Mwajuma M. (2009) A comparison of the post-harvest characteristics of organic and conventional pears. MPhil thesis, University of Greenwich.

FtsH

Ibrahim, Iskander, Richards, Jack, Rickard, Abigail and Thompson, Elinor (2016) Role of a rhomboid protease in a CO2-concentrating mechanism. In: Royal Society Discussion meeting Enhancing photosynthesis in crop plants: targets for improvement. Royal Society. (In Press)

Silva, Paolo, Thompson, Elinor, Bailey, Shaun, Kruse, Olaf, Mullineaux, Conrad W., Robinson, Colin, Mann, Nicholas H. and Nixon, Peter J. (2003) FtsH Is involved in the early stages of repair of Photosystem II in Synechocystis sp PCC 6803. The Plant Cell, 15 (9). pp. 2152-2164. ISSN 1040-4651 (Print), 1532-298X (Online)

fufu

Tomlins, Keith, Sanni, Lateef, Oyewole, Olusola B., Dipeolu, Adewale, Ayinde, Idris, Adebayo, Kolawole and Westby, Andrew (2007) Consumer acceptability and sensory evaluation of a fermented cassava product (Nigerian fufu). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87 (10). pp. 1949-1956. ISSN 0022-5142 (doi:10.1002/jsfa.2941)

fumigation

Harris, A.H. (1984) Phosphine fumigation of tobacco in freight containers. Tropical Stored Products Information, 49. pp. 19-25. ISSN 0564-3325

functional genomics

Tufan, Hale A., Stefanato, Francesca L., McGrann, Graham R. D., MacCormack, Ruth and Boyd, Lesley A. (2011) The Barley stripe mosaic virus system used for virus-induced gene silencing in cereals differentially affects susceptibility to fungal pathogens in wheat. Journal of Plant Physiology, 168 (9). pp. 990-994. ISSN 0176-1617 (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2010.11.019)

fungal toxins

Martin, P.M.D. and Gilman, G.A. (1976) A consideration of the mycotoxin hypothesis with special reference to the mycoflora of maize, sorghum, wheat and groundnuts (G105). Discussion Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

Fusarium wilt

Pande, S., Sharma, M., Neupane, R.K., Chaudhary, R.N., Rao, J.N., Grzywacz, David, Baurai, V.A. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2009) Integrated crop management strategy for improved chickpea production and its impact on the livelihoods of farmers in Nepal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 37 (1&2). pp. 139-146. ISSN 0253-4355

Gall midges

Thomas, Helen Sarah (2015) The role of chemicals in the location of host plants by midge pests of UK fruit crops. MPhil thesis, University of Greenwich.

Gallic acid

Civenni, G., Iodice, M. G., Nabavi, S. F., Habtemariam, S., Nabavi, S. M., Catapano, C. V. and Daglia, M. (2015) Gallic acid and methyl-3-O-methyl gallate: a comparative study on their effects on prostate cancer stem cells. RSC Advances, 78 (5). pp. 63800-63806. ISSN 2046-2069 (Online) (doi:10.1039/C5RA07988H)

Gammabaculovirus

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

garden

Turner, Tom (2008) The principles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com [website], London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-2-3

garden history

Turner, Tom and Gothein, Marie-Luise (2008) Indian gardens. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-4-7

gardens

Turner, Tom (2008) 24 historic styles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-3-0

gari

Bechoff, Aurelie, Chijioke, Ugo, Tomlins, Keith I., Govinden, Pesila, Ilona, Paul, Westby, Andrew and Boy, Erick (2015) Carotenoid stability during storage of yellow gari made from biofortified cassava or with palm oil. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 44. pp. 36-44. ISSN 0889-1575 (doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2015.06.002)

gas diffusivity

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Schjønning, Per (2010) Soil properties, crop production and greenhouse gas emissions from organic and inorganic fertilizer-based arable cropping systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 139 (4). pp. 584-594. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.10.001)

geminiviridae

Maruthi, M.N., Alam, S.N., Kader, K.A., Rekha, A.R., Cork, A. and Colvin, J. (2005) Nucleotide sequencing, whitefly transmission, and screening tomato for resistance against two newly described begomoviruses in Bangladesh. Phytopathology, 95 (12). pp. 1472-1481. ISSN 0031-949X (doi:10.1094/PHYTO-95-1472)

Maruthi, M.N., Manjunatha, B., Rekha, A.R., Govindappa, M.R., Colvin, John and Muniyappa, V. (2006) Dolichos yellow mosaic virus belongs to a distinct lineage of Old World begomoviruses; its biological and molecular properties. Annals of Applied Biology, 149 (2). pp. 187-195. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00075.x)

geminivirus

Holt, J., Pavis, C., Marquier, M., Chancellor, T.C.B., Urbino, C. and Boissot, N. (2008) Insect-screened cultivation to reduce the invasion of tomato crops by Bemisia tabaci: modelling the impact on virus disease and vector. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 10 (1). pp. 61-67. ISSN 1461-9555 (Print), 1461-9563 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1461-9563.2007.00356.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Wasswa, P., Otto, B., Maruthi, M.N., Mukasa, S.B., Monger, W. and Gibson, R.W. (2011) First identification of a sweet potato begomovirus (sweepovirus) in Uganda: Characterization, detection and distribution. Plant Pathology, 60 (6). pp. 1030-1039. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02464.x)

geminiviruses

Seal, Susan, Jeger, M.J. and vandenBosch, F. (2006) Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 23-46. ISSN 0735-2689 (doi:10.1080/07352680500365257)

gender

Abdulsalam-Saghir, P. B., Bennett, Ben, Quaye, W., Phu Tu, Viet, Sanni, L. O. and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Gender analysis of households' decision-making to reduce post-harvest losses of cassava in Ghana, Nigeria, and Vietnam. Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 53-70. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.014)

Stathers, Tanya, Low, J., Mwanga, R., Carey, T., David, S. and Gibson, Richard (2013) Everything you ever wanted to know about sweetpotato: Reaching Agents of Change training of trainers (TOT) manual. Manual. International Potato Center (CIP).

Gene expansion

Xie, Wen, Chen, Chunhai, Yang, Zezhong, Guo, Litao, Yang, Xin, Wang, Dan, Chen, Ming, Huang, Jinqun, Wen, Yanan, Zeng, Yang, Lui, Yating, Xia, Jixing, Tian, Lixia, Cui, Hongying, Wu, Qingjun, Wang, Shaoli, Xu, Baoyun, Li, Xianchun, Tan, Xinqiu, Ghanim, Murad, Qiu, Baoli, Pan, Huipeng, Chu, Dong, Delatte, Helene, Maruthi, M.N., Ge, Feng, Zhou, Xueping, Wang, Xiaowei, Wan, Fanghao, Du, Yuzhou, Luo, Chen, Yan, Fengming, Preisser, Evan L., Jiao, Xiaguo, Coates, Brad S., Zhao, Yinyang, Gao, Qiang, Xia, Jinquan, Yin, Ye, Liu, Yong, Brown, Judith K., Zhou, Xuguo Joe and Zhang, Youjun (2017) Genome sequencing of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemsia tabaci MED/Q. GigaScience, 6 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2041-1723 (doi:10.1093/gigascience/gix018)

Gene family

Xie, Wen, Chen, Chunhai, Yang, Zezhong, Guo, Litao, Yang, Xin, Wang, Dan, Chen, Ming, Huang, Jinqun, Wen, Yanan, Zeng, Yang, Lui, Yating, Xia, Jixing, Tian, Lixia, Cui, Hongying, Wu, Qingjun, Wang, Shaoli, Xu, Baoyun, Li, Xianchun, Tan, Xinqiu, Ghanim, Murad, Qiu, Baoli, Pan, Huipeng, Chu, Dong, Delatte, Helene, Maruthi, M.N., Ge, Feng, Zhou, Xueping, Wang, Xiaowei, Wan, Fanghao, Du, Yuzhou, Luo, Chen, Yan, Fengming, Preisser, Evan L., Jiao, Xiaguo, Coates, Brad S., Zhao, Yinyang, Gao, Qiang, Xia, Jinquan, Yin, Ye, Liu, Yong, Brown, Judith K., Zhou, Xuguo Joe and Zhang, Youjun (2017) Genome sequencing of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemsia tabaci MED/Q. GigaScience, 6 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2041-1723 (doi:10.1093/gigascience/gix018)

gene silencing

Seal, Susan, Jeger, M.J. and vandenBosch, F. (2006) Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 23-46. ISSN 0735-2689 (doi:10.1080/07352680500365257)

gene x environment interaction

Niitepõld, Kristjan, Smith, Alan D., Osborne, Juliet L., Reynolds, Don R., Carreck, Norman L., Martin, Andrew P., Marden, James H., Ovaskainen, Otso and Hanski, Ilkka (2009) Flight metabolic rate and Pgi genotype influence butterfly dispersal rate in the field. Ecology, 90 (8). pp. 2223-2232. ISSN 0012-9658 (doi:10.1890/08-1498.1)

Genetic diversity

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Prevalence and genetic diversity of endosymbiotic bacteria infecting cassava whiteflies in Africa. BMC Microbiology, 15 (1):93. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2180 (Print), 1471-2180 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12866-015-0425-5)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Mohammed, Ibrahim Umar (2012) Virus-host interactions in the cassava brown streak disease pathosystem. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Musa, Muawiya Abarshi (2012) Molecular diagnostics, genetic diversity and generating infectious clones for cassava brown streak viruses. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Redman, Elizabeth M., Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Cory, Jenny S. (2010) High levels of genetic diversity in Spodoptera exempta NPV from Tanzania. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 105 (2). pp. 190-193. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2010.06.008)

Sseruwagi, P., Legg, J.P., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C. and Brown, J.K. (2005) Genetic diversity of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations and presence of the B biotype and a non-B biotype that can induce silverleaf symptoms in squash, in Uganda. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (3). pp. 253-265. ISSN 0003-4746 (Print), 1744-7348 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00026.x)

Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, Midatharahally, Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C., Brown, J.K. and Legg, J.P. (2006) Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (2). pp. 145-153. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00402.x)

genetic enhancement

Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David L. and Stevenson, Philip C. (eds.) (2007) The lentil: an ancient crop for modern times. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print), 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online)

Genetic factors

Bechoff, Aurélie and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2016) Factors influencing micronutrient bioavailability in biofortified crops. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1390. pp. 74-87. ISSN 0077-8923 (Print), 1749-6632 (Online) (doi:10.1111/nyas.13301)

Genetic manipulation

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

genetically modified maze

Perry, Joe N. (2011) The effect of BT-maize on butterflies - reckoning the risk. Outlooks on Pest Managment, 22 (5). pp. 199-205. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/22oct02)

Genetics

Bechoff, Aurélie, Tomlins, Keith, Fliedel, Geneviève, Lopez-Lavalle, Luis Augusto Becerra, Westby, Andrew, Hershey, Clair and Dufour, Dominique (2016) Cassava traits and end-user preference: relating traits to consumer liking, sensory perception, and genetics. Critical reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. ISSN 1040-8398 (Print), 1549-7852 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1080/10408398.2016.1202888)

genome

Kenyon, Lawrence, Lebas, B.S.M. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Yams (Dioscorea spp.) from the South Pacific Islands contain many novel badnaviruses: Implications for international movement of yam germplasm. Archives of Virology, 153 (5). pp. 877-889. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0062-5)

genome sequences

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Geometridae

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

Germacrene-D

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

germination

Mavunganidze, M., Makunde, G.S., Mashingaidze, A.B., Chivinge, O.A., Riches, C. and Ellis-Jones, J. (2009) Effect of period of cultivation on the abundance and distribution of weed seeds in the soil profile. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 7 (2). pp. 141-148. ISSN 1589-1623 (Print), 1785-0037 (Online)

Ghana

Addo, Samuel (2003) Development of targeted insecticide treatment for improved storage of maize cobs on traditional platforms in Ghana. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Anaglo, Jonathan Nicholas (2011) Understanding the influence of livelihood features on cassava value chains. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

Compton, J.A.F., Floyd, S., Magrath, P.A., Addo, S., Gbedevi, S.R., Agbo, B., Bokor, G., Amekupe, S., Motey, Z., Penni, H. and Kumi, S. (1998) Involving grain traders in determining the effect of post-harvest insect damage on the price of maize in African markets. Crop Protection, 17 (6). pp. 483-489. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(98)00041-6.)

Lamberton, Poppy H.L., Cheke, Robert A., Winskill, Peter, Tirados, Iñaki, Walker, Martin, Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y., Biritwum, Nana-Kwadwo, Tetteh-Kumah, Anthony, Boakye, Daniel A., Wilson, Michael D., Post, Rory J. and Basañez, María-Gloria (2015) Onchocerciasis transmission in Ghana: Persistence under different control strategies and the role of the simuliid vectors. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9 (4):e0003688. pp. 1-27. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003688)

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Naziri, Diego, Quaye, Wilhelmina, Siwoku, Bernard, Wanlapatit, Sittichoke, Viet Phu, Tu and Bennett, Ben (2014) The diversity of postharvest losses in cassava value chains in selected developing countries. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 115 (2). pp. 111-123. ISSN 1612-9830 (Print), 2363-6033 (Online)

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Opoku-Apau, A., Dankyi, A.A. and Delimini, L.L. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Ghana. A study of maize and cowpea seed in the Brong-Ahafo and Volta regions (NRI Bulletin 68). [Working Paper]

Wilson, M.D., Cheke, R.A., Fiasse, S.P.J., Grist, S., Osei-Ateweneboana, M.Y., Tetteh-Kumah, A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Jolliffe, F.R., Boakye, D.A., Hougard, J.-M., Yameogo, L. and Post, R.J. (2002) Deforestation and the spatio-temporal distribution of savannah and forest members of the Simulium damnosum complex in southern Ghana and south-western Togo. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 96 (6). pp. 632-639. ISSN 0035-9203 (Print), 1878-3503 (Online) (doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(02)90335-4)

Wright, M. and Tyler, P. (1994) Traditional seed-saving practices in Northern Ghana and Central Malawi (R2102(S)). [Working Paper]

gibberellic acid

Thokozani, Blackson L.K., Zulu, Donald, Sileshi, Gudeta W., Teklehaimanot, Zewge, Gondwe, Dominic S.B., Sarasan, Viswambharan and Stevenson, Philip (2011) Seed germination and in vitro regeneration of the African medicinal and pesticidal plant, Bobgunnia madagascariensis. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (32). pp. 5959-5966. ISSN 1684-5315

gibberellins

Cheema, M.U.A., Rees, D., Westby, A. and Taylor, M. (2010) Hormonal control of sprouting of sweetpotatoes in storage. In: Herppich, W.B., (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. Acta Horticulturae (858). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 173-177. ISBN 978-90-66052-06-2 ISSN 0567-7572

GIS

Khongnawang, Tibet and Williams, Meredith (2015) Land suitability evaluation using GIS-based multi-criteria decision making for bio-fuel crops cultivation in KhonKaen, Thailand. In: International Soil Conference 2015, 18-21 August 2015, The Regent Cha Am Beach Resort, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (Unpublished)

Glanville fritillary butterfly

Niitepõld, Kristjan, Smith, Alan D., Osborne, Juliet L., Reynolds, Don R., Carreck, Norman L., Martin, Andrew P., Marden, James H., Ovaskainen, Otso and Hanski, Ilkka (2009) Flight metabolic rate and Pgi genotype influence butterfly dispersal rate in the field. Ecology, 90 (8). pp. 2223-2232. ISSN 0012-9658 (doi:10.1890/08-1498.1)

Gleditsia triacanthos

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

global value chain

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

GlobalGAP

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

globalisation

Nyambo, Brigitte, Sief, A., Varela, Ana M., Löhr, B., Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2009) Private extension-service provision for smallholder horticultural producers in Kenya: an approach. Development in Practice, 19 (1). 94 -102. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614520802576492)

Glossina fuscipes fuscipes

Esterhuizen, Johan, Njiru, Basilio, Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Michael J. and Torr, Stephen J. (2011) Vegetation and the importance of insecticide-treated target siting for control of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5 (9):e1336. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001336)

Glossina morsitans centralis

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

GM cotton

Hillocks, R.J. (2009) GM cotton for Africa. Outlook on Agriculture, 38 (4). pp. 311-316. ISSN 0030-7270 (doi:10.5367/000000009790422142)

gm foods

Russell, Derek A. (2008) Insect resistant cabbage and cauliflower: the CIMBAA public-private partnership. In: Dhawan, Vibha, (ed.) Agriculture for food security and rural growth. TERI Press The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi. ISBN 978-8179931523

GMP

Obadina, A.O., Oyewole, O.B., Sanni, L.O., Tomlins, K.I. and Westby, A. (2009) Improvement of the hygienic quality of wet 'fufu' produced in South West Nigeria. Food Control, 21 (5). pp. 639-643. ISSN 0956-7135 (doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.09.009)

gomphocarpus

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

good practice

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

grain

Hodges, Richard and Stathers, Tanya (2012) Training manual for improving grain postharvest handling and storage prepared. UN World Food Programme / Natural Resources Institute, Rome - Italy.

Hodges, Rick, Bennett, Ben, Bernard, Marc and Rembold, Felix (2013) Tackling post-harvest cereal losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Rural 21: The International Journal for Rural Development, 47 (1). pp. 16-18. ISSN 1866-8011

grain fumigation

Brice, J.R. and Golob, P. (2000) Fumigation with phosphine and carbon dioxide in metal grain tanks for on-farm use in Swaziland. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 76 (1). pp. 17-26. ISSN 0021-8634 (doi:10.1006/jaer.1999.0443)

grain grinding

Kasasian, Ruth (1983) Grain processing losses bibliography. Supplement 1 to G117. Covering combine harvesting, threshing, hulling, milling, grinding, etc. and excluding storage. Report of the Tropical Products Institute. (G168). [Working Paper]

Kasasian, Ruth and Dendy, D.A.V. (1979) Grain processing losses bibliography. Covering threshing, shelling, hulling, milling, grinding etc and excluding harvesting and storage (G117). [Working Paper]

grain harvest

Gough, M.C., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Brueton, A.C. (1989) The physical effects of tropical seasons on bagstacks of grain (ODNRI Bulletin No. 21). [Working Paper]

grain hulling

Kasasian, Ruth (1983) Grain processing losses bibliography. Supplement 1 to G117. Covering combine harvesting, threshing, hulling, milling, grinding, etc. and excluding storage. Report of the Tropical Products Institute. (G168). [Working Paper]

Kasasian, Ruth and Dendy, D.A.V. (1979) Grain processing losses bibliography. Covering threshing, shelling, hulling, milling, grinding etc and excluding harvesting and storage (G117). [Working Paper]

grain loss

Boxall, R.A. (1986) A critical review of the methodology for assessing farm-level grain losses after harvest (G191). [Working Paper]

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

grain milling

Kasasian, Ruth (1983) Grain processing losses bibliography. Supplement 1 to G117. Covering combine harvesting, threshing, hulling, milling, grinding, etc. and excluding storage. Report of the Tropical Products Institute. (G168). [Working Paper]

Kasasian, Ruth and Dendy, D.A.V. (1979) Grain processing losses bibliography. Covering threshing, shelling, hulling, milling, grinding etc and excluding harvesting and storage (G117). [Working Paper]

grain processing

Kasasian, Ruth (1983) Grain processing losses bibliography. Supplement 1 to G117. Covering combine harvesting, threshing, hulling, milling, grinding, etc. and excluding storage. Report of the Tropical Products Institute. (G168). [Working Paper]

Kasasian, Ruth and Dendy, D.A.V. (1979) Grain processing losses bibliography. Covering threshing, shelling, hulling, milling, grinding etc and excluding harvesting and storage (G117). [Working Paper]

grain protectant

Mvumi, Brighton M., Stathers, Tanya, Golob, P. and Giga, D.P. (2006) Penetration of Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) through diatomaceous earth-treated bulk maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 26 (1). pp. 28-34. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1079/IJT200694)

grain protection

Stathers, T.E., Mvumi, B.M. and Golob, P. (2002) Field assessment of the efficacy and persistence of diatomaceous earths in protecting stored grain on small-scale farms in Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 21 (10). pp. 1033-1048. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00088-1)

Stathers, Tanya (2008) Smallholder food security in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for diatomaceous earth grain protectants. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

grain protein content

Toscano, P., Genesio, L., Crisci, A., Vaccari, F.P., Ferrari, E., Cava, P. La, Porter, J.R. and Gioli, B. (2015) Empirical modelling of regional and national durum wheat quality. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 204. pp. 67-78. ISSN 0168-1923 (doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.02.003)

grain protein content forecasting

Toscano, P., Gioli, B., Genesio, L., Vaccari, F. P., Miglietta, F., Zaldei, A., Crisci, A., Ferrari, E., Bertuzzi, F., La Cava, P., Ronchi, C., Silvestri, M., Peressotti, A. and Porter, J. R. (2014) Durum wheat quality prediction in Mediterranean environments: From local to regional scale. European Journal of Agronomy, 61. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2014.08.003)

grain quality

Conway, J.A., Daplyn, P.F., Clarke, P.A. and Twiddy, D.R. (1992) A study in the determination of quality/value relationships in rice (NRI Bulletin 55). [Working Paper]

grain storage

Boxall, Robin, Golob, Peter and Taylor, Robert (1997) Pest management in farm granaries: with special reference to Africa. [Working Paper]

Boyd, C. and Chigariro, J. (1998) Participatory evaluation report. Improved design of indigenous grain stores (NRI report no. 2447). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Golob, P. (1977) Mixing insecticide powders with grain for storage (Rural Technology Guide 3). [Working Paper]

Gough, M.C., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Brueton, A.C. (1989) The physical effects of tropical seasons on bagstacks of grain (ODNRI Bulletin No. 21). [Working Paper]

Ogendo, J.O., Belmain, S.R., Deng, A.L. and Walker, D.J. (2003) Comparison of toxic and repellent effects of Lantana camara L. with Tephrosia vogelii hook and a synthetic pesticide against Sitophilus zeamais motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 23 (02). pp. 127-135. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1017/S1742758400020348)

grain stores

Boyd, C. and Chigariro, J. (1998) Participatory evaluation report. Improved design of indigenous grain stores (NRI report no. 2447). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hodges, R.J. (2002) Detection and monitoring of larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 223-243. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040815.06804.c1)

grain threshing

Kasasian, Ruth (1983) Grain processing losses bibliography. Supplement 1 to G117. Covering combine harvesting, threshing, hulling, milling, grinding, etc. and excluding storage. Report of the Tropical Products Institute. (G168). [Working Paper]

Kasasian, Ruth and Dendy, D.A.V. (1979) Grain processing losses bibliography. Covering threshing, shelling, hulling, milling, grinding etc and excluding harvesting and storage (G117). [Working Paper]

grain trade

Tyler, P.S. and Hodges, R.J. (2002) Phytosanitary measures against larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), in international trade. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 279-289. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040816.21570.06)

grain value

Conway, J.A., Daplyn, P.F., Clarke, P.A. and Twiddy, D.R. (1992) A study in the determination of quality/value relationships in rice (NRI Bulletin 55). [Working Paper]

Grandlure I

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

Grandlure II

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

Granulovirus

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

grass pea

Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus): Is there a case for further crop improvement? Euphytica, 186 (3). pp. 647-654. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-012-0702-4)

grasshopper

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

Tratalos, Jamie A. and Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Can NDVI GAC imagery be used to monitor desert locust breeding areas? Journal of Arid Environments, 64 (2). pp. 342-356. ISSN 0140-1963 (doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2005.05.004)

Grayanoid diterpene

Scott-Brown, Alison S., Gregory, Tom, Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2016) Leaf trichomes and foliar chemistry mediate defence against glasshouse thrips; Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché) in Rhododendron simsii. Functional Plant Biology, 43 (12). pp. 1170-1182. ISSN 1445-4408 (Print), 1445-4416 (Online) (doi:10.1071/FP16045)

green revolution

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

greenhouse

Mavunganidze, M., Makunde, G.S., Mashingaidze, A.B., Chivinge, O.A., Riches, C. and Ellis-Jones, J. (2009) Effect of period of cultivation on the abundance and distribution of weed seeds in the soil profile. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 7 (2). pp. 141-148. ISSN 1589-1623 (Print), 1785-0037 (Online)

greenhouse gas

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Carter, Mette S., Albert, Kristian R., Ambus, Per, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Petersen, Søren O. (2009) Emissions of nitrous oxide from arable organic and conventional cropping systems on two soil types. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 136 (3-4). pp. 199-208. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.11.012)

greenhouse gas emission

Bennetzen, Eskild H., Smith, Pete, Soussana, Jean-Francois and Porter, John R. (2012) Identity-based estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from crop production: Case study from Denmark. European Journal of Agronomy, 41. pp. 66-72. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2012.03.010)

greenhouse gas emissions

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

gridded data

Toscano, P., Genesio, L., Crisci, A., Vaccari, F.P., Ferrari, E., Cava, P. La, Porter, J.R. and Gioli, B. (2015) Empirical modelling of regional and national durum wheat quality. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 204. pp. 67-78. ISSN 0168-1923 (doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.02.003)

GroEL chaperonin protein

Bouvaine, Sophie, Boonham, Neil and Douglas, Angela E. (2011) Interactions between a luteovirus and the GroEL chaperonin protein of the symbiotic bacterium Buchnera aphidicola of aphids. Journal of General Virology, 92 (6). pp. 1467-1474. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.029355-0)

groundnut

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Miti, F., Mukumbuta, S. and Zulu, M.S. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Zambia. A study of cowpea, groundnut and sorghum seed in the Southern and Western Provinces (NRI Bulletin 76). [Working Paper]

groundnut rosette disease

Chancellor, Tim, Busolo-Bulafo, Charles, van der Merwe, Piet, Rayapati, Naidu and Kimmins, Francis (2006) Groundnut rosette disease management. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 57-58. ISBN 0954645278

groundnut rosette virus disease

Willekens, Jeroen (2003) Mechanism of vector resistance in groundnut to control groundnut rosette virus disease in Sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich..

groundnuts

Martin, P.M.D. and Gilman, G.A. (1976) A consideration of the mycotoxin hypothesis with special reference to the mycoflora of maize, sorghum, wheat and groundnuts (G105). Discussion Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

habitat

Bizzarri, Mariangela F. (2006) The ecology of Bacillus thuringiensis on the phylloplane. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

HACCP

Obadina, A.O., Oyewole, O.B., Sanni, L.O., Tomlins, K.I. and Westby, A. (2009) Improvement of the hygienic quality of wet 'fufu' produced in South West Nigeria. Food Control, 21 (5). pp. 639-643. ISSN 0956-7135 (doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.09.009)

handicrafts

Palmer, E.R. and Ganguli, S. (1988) Pulping characteristics of Pinus patula grown in Zimbabwe (ODNRI Bulletin No. 8). [Working Paper]

harmonic radar

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

harvest yield

Jay, Chantelle, Fitzgerald, Jean, Hipps, Neil and Atkinson, Christopher (2015) Why short-term biochar application has no yield benefits; evidence from three field-grown crops. Soil Use and Management, 31 (2). pp. 241-250. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (doi:10.1111/sum.12181)

harvesting

Hodges, Richard and Stathers, Tanya (2012) Training manual for improving grain postharvest handling and storage prepared. UN World Food Programme / Natural Resources Institute, Rome - Italy.

Hawaii

Suckling, David Maxwell, Gibb, Andrew Robert, Johnson, Tracy and Hall, David R. (2006) Examination of sex attractants for monitoring weed biological control agents in Hawaii. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 16 (9). pp. 919-927. ISSN 0958-3157 (doi:10.1080/09583150600828007)

health

Oluwole, Oluwafemi and Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Health and environmental impacts of pesticide use practices: a case study of farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 7 (3). pp. 153-163. ISSN 1473-5903 (Print), 1747-762X (Online) (doi:10.3763/ijas.2009.0431)

health benefits

Clark, Christopher A., Davis, Jeffrey A., Abad, Jorge A., Cuellar, Wilmer J., Fuentes, Segundo, Kreuze, Jan F., Gibson, Richard, Mukasa, Settumba B., Tugume, Arthur K., Tairo, Fred Donati and Valkonen, Jari P.T. (2012) Sweetpotato viruses: 15 years of progress on understanding and managing complex diseases. Plant Disease, 96 (2). pp. 168-185. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-07-11-0550)

Yadav, Shyam S., Stevenson, Philip C., Rizvi, A.H., Manohar, M., Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 33-46. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_4 for chapter))

healthy planting material

Coyne, Daniel L., Claudius-Cole, Abiodun O., Kenyon, Lawrence and Baimey, Hugues (2010) Differential effect of hot water treatment on whole tubers versus cut setts of yam (Dioscorea spp.). Pest Management Science, 66 (4). pp. 385-389. ISSN 1526-4998 (online) (doi:10.1002/ps.1887)

heap

Tomlins, Keith, Ndunguru, Gabriel, Kimenya, F., Ngendello, Theresia, Rwiza, Elizabeth, Amour, Rahila, van Oirschot, Quirien E.A. and Westby, Andrew (2007) On-farm evaluation of methods for storing fresh sweet potato roots in East Africa. Tropical Science, 47 (4). pp. 197-210. ISSN 0041-3291 (doi:10.1002/ts.214)

heat effect

Simantara, Pojana (2009) Effect of heat and high carbon dioxide treatments on quality of green asparagus and the potential of these treatments for thirps disinfestation. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

heat treatments

Simantara, P., Rees, D. and Westby, A. (2010) Potential non-chemical methods for use against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in green asparagus. In: Herppich, W.B., (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. Acta Horticulturae (858). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 325-328. ISBN 978-90-66052-06-2 ISSN 0567-7572

hedonic testing

Birol, Ekin, Meenakshi, J. V., Oparinde, Adewale, Perez, Salomon and Tomlins, Keith (2015) Developing country consumers’ acceptance of biofortified foods: a synthesis. Food Security, 7 (3). pp. 555-568. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-015-0464-7)

Helicoverpa armigera

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R., (eds.) (2006) Handbook of sustainable control of cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera. Surya Press, India.

D'Cunha, Reju Francis (2007) Impact of host plants on the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus as a biopesticide against insect pest Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R. (2009) Changing trends in cotton pest management. In: Peshin, Rajinder and Dhawan, Ashok K., (eds.) Integrated Pest Management: Innovation-Development Process. Springer Science and Business Media (Netherlands), Dordrecht, pp. 499-541. ISBN 978-1-4020-8991-6 (Print) 978-1-4020-8992-3 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8992-3_17)

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

Heliodinidae

Suckling, David Maxwell, Gibb, Andrew Robert, Johnson, Tracy and Hall, David R. (2006) Examination of sex attractants for monitoring weed biological control agents in Hawaii. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 16 (9). pp. 919-927. ISSN 0958-3157 (doi:10.1080/09583150600828007)

helopeltis theivora

Virdiana, Ike, Hall, David R. and Wood, B.J. (2011) Attraction of Helopeltis theobromae to live conspecific insects. The Planter, 87 (1018). pp. 25-33. ISSN 0126-575X

helopeltis theobromae

Virdiana, Ike, Hall, David R. and Wood, B.J. (2011) Attraction of Helopeltis theobromae to live conspecific insects. The Planter, 87 (1018). pp. 25-33. ISSN 0126-575X

Hemiptera

Green, Stuart V., Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) The role of vibratory signals in mating behavior of Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 157-166. ISBN 9789953010632

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Innocenzi, Paul J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Chemical and electrophysiological studies on Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9789953010632

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Hemiptera Heteroptera

Athanassios, Siomos, Downham, Mark C. A., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R., Phythian, Sara J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Behavioral responses of Sunn Pest to volatiles from conspecific insects and host plants. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 167-180. ISBN 9789953010632

herbaceous perennial plants

Lewendon, Sarah (2005) Self-incompatibility in Cosmos atrosanauineus: a rare Mexican endemic species of Asteraceae. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

herbal medicine

Sarasan, Viswambharan, Kite, Geoffrey C., Sileshi, Gudeta W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Applications of phytochemical and in vitro techniques for reducing over-harvesting of medicinal and pesticidal plants and generating income for the rural poor. Plant Cell Reports, 30 (7). pp. 1163-1172. ISSN 0721-7714 (Print), 1432-203X (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00299-011-1047-5)

herbivore

Worrall, Dawn, Holroyd, Geoff H., Moore, Jason P., Glowacz, Marcin, Croft, Patricia, Taylor, Jane E., Paul, Nigel D. and Roberts, Michael R. (2011) Treating seeds with activators of plant defence generates long-lasting priming of resistance to pests and pathogens. New Phytologist, 193 (3). pp. 770-778. ISSN 0028-646X (Print), 1469-8137 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03987.x)

Herbivory

Tjiurutue, Muvari Connie, Stevenson, Philip C. and Adler, Lynn S. (2016) Messages from the other side: parasites receive damage cues from their host plants. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 42 (8). pp. 821-828. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-016-0746-3)

Heteroptera

Green, Stuart V., Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) The role of vibratory signals in mating behavior of Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 157-166. ISBN 9789953010632

heterosis

Shankarappa, K.S., Sriharsha, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Prameela, H.A., Kulkarni, R.S., Muniyappa, V., Rao, A.M. and Maruthi, M.N. (2008) Development of tomato hybrids resistant to tomato leaf curl virus disease in South India. Euphytica, 164 (2). pp. 531-539. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-008-9750-1)

hexadecatrienyl acetates

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

hexadecyl estersoctadecyl esters

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

hibiscus

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Hibiscus sabdariffa L.

Bechoff, Aurélie, Cissé, Mady, Fliedel, Geneviève, Declemy, Anne-Laure, Ayessou, Nicolas, Akissoe, Noel, Touré, Cheikh, Bennett, Ben, Pintado, Manuela, Pallet, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2013) Relationships between anthocyanins and other compounds and sensory acceptability of Hibiscus drinks. Food Chemistry, 140 (1). ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.132)

High Barind Tract

Jabbar, M.A., Orr, Alastair and Karmakar, B. (2008) Direct-seeded rice in the High Barind Tract: economics and farmer evaluation. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 47-65. ISBN 9712202291

Mazid, M.A., Khamarker, B., Mortimer, A.M. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Developments in direct seeding of rainfed rice in the High Barind Tract. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 33-45. ISBN 9712202291

Mortimer, A.M., Mazid, M.A. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Long-term sustainability in weed management for direct seeding of rainfed rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 67-78. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Riches, Charles R., Mortimer, A.M., Harris, D. and Mazid, M.A. (2008) Farm-level opportunities for increasing productivity and income in the High Barind Tract: a synthesis. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 9-24. ISBN 9712202291

Riches, C.R. (2008) The High Barind Tract: a challenging drought-prone agricultural environment. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), pp. 3-6. ISBN 978-971-22-0229-2

high CO2

Simantara, P., Rees, D. and Westby, A. (2010) Potential non-chemical methods for use against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in green asparagus. In: Herppich, W.B., (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. Acta Horticulturae (858). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 325-328. ISBN 978-90-66052-06-2 ISSN 0567-7572

Histeridae

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

history

Turner, Tom (2008) 24 historic styles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-3-0

HMI

Qureshi, Athar, Rapajic, Predrag and Demaiter, Lysander (2016) Modern human machine interface in industrial wireless networks. International Journal of Simulation: Systems, Science & Technology, 17 (33). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1473-8031 (Print), 1473-804x (Online) (doi:10.5013/IJSSST.a.17.33.13)

homo-γ-bisabolene

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Innocenzi, Paul J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Chemical and electrophysiological studies on Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9789953010632

homoptera

Rekha, A.R., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V. and Colvin, J. (2005) Occurrence of three genotypic clusters of Bemisia tabaci and the rapid spread of the B biotype in south India. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 117 (3). pp. 221-233. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2005.00352.x)

Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, Midatharahally, Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C., Brown, J.K. and Legg, J.P. (2006) Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (2). pp. 145-153. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00402.x)

honey locust gall midge

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

Hooded Lister rats

Ojo, O., Todlana, F.S. and Grant, G. (2001) The functional effects of lupinseed and its fractions on lipid metabolism in Hooded–Lister rats. In: Pfannhauser, Wener, Fenwick, G.Roger and Khokhar, Santosh, (eds.) Biologically-active Phytochemicals in Food. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, pp. 107-109. ISBN 978-0854048069

hordeum vulgare

Jay, Chantelle, Fitzgerald, Jean, Hipps, Neil and Atkinson, Christopher (2015) Why short-term biochar application has no yield benefits; evidence from three field-grown crops. Soil Use and Management, 31 (2). pp. 241-250. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (doi:10.1111/sum.12181)

horsegram

Rajkumar, S.G., Pramela, H.A., Rangaswamy, K.T., Divya, B.L., Shankarappa, K.S., Viswanatha, K.P. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Sources of resistance to horsegram yellow mosaic virus disease. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment (6). pp. 86-89. ISSN 0973-1717

horticulture

Spitali, Mariangela (1993) The sidechain structure of lipopolysaccharide from plant pathogenic pseudomonads in relation to their antigenicity. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

Turner, Tom (2008) 24 historic styles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-3-0

Turner, Tom (2008) The principles of garden design. Gardenvisit.com [website], London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-2-3

Turner, Tom and Gothein, Marie-Luise (2008) Indian gardens. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-4-7

Host adaptation

Guerra, Patricia C., Keil, Clifford B., Stevenson, Philip C., Mina, Diego, Samaniego, Servio, Peralt, Eduardo, Mazon, Nelson and Chancellor, Timothy C.B. (2016) Larval performance and adult attraction of Delia platura (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in a native and an introduced crop. Journal of Economic Entomology, 110 (1). pp. 186-191. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online) (doi:10.1093/jee/tow237)

Host choice

Lamberton, Poppy H. L., Cheke, Robert A., Walker, Martin, Winskill, Peter, Crainey, J. Lee, Boakye, Daniel A., Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y., Tirados, Iñaki, Wilson, Michael D., Tetteh-Kumah, Anthony, Otoo, Sampson, Post, Rory J. and Basañez, María-Gloria (2016) Onchocerciasis transmission in Ghana: the human blood index of sibling species of the Simulium damnosum complex. Parasites & Vectors, 9 (1). ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1703-2)

host odours

Arnold, S.E.J., Stevenson, P.C. and Belmain, S.R. (2015) Responses to colour and host odour cues in three cereal pest species, in the context of ecology and control. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 105 (4). pp. 417-425. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0007485315000346)

host outbreak

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Multiple attractors of host-parasitoid models with integrated pest management strategies: eradication, persistence and outbreak. Theoretical Population Biology, 73 (2). pp. 181-197. ISSN 0040-5809 (doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2007.12.001)

host plant

Sharma, H.C., Gowda, C.L.L., Stevenson, Philip C., Ridsdill-Smith, T.J., Clement, S.L., Ranga Rao, G.V., Romies, Joerg, Miles, Melina and Bouhssini, M. (2007) Host plant resistance and insect pest management in chickpea. In: Yadav, Shyam S., Redden, Robert J., Chen, W. and Sharma, B., (eds.) Chickpea Breeding and Management. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 520-537. ISBN 9781845932138

host plant disease resistance

Gibson, R.W., Lyimo, N.G., Temu, A.E.M., Stathers, T.E., Page, W.W., Nsemwa, L.T.H., Acola, G. and Lamboll, R.I. (2005) Maize seed selection by East African smallholder farmers and resistance to Maize streak virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (2). pp. 153-159. ISSN 0003-4746 (Print), 1744-7348 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00021.x)

host plant resistance

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

host races

Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, Midatharahally, Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C., Brown, J.K. and Legg, J.P. (2006) Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (2). pp. 145-153. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00402.x)

host range

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

host selection

Nguyen, Duong T., Hodges, Rick J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2007) Do walking Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) locate cereal hosts by chance? Journal of Stored Products Research, 44 (1). pp. 90-99. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.008)

host-plant resistance

Muyinza, Harriet, Talwana, Herbert L., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Sweetpotato weevil (Cylas spp.) resistance in African sweetpotato germplasm. International Journal of Pest Management, 58 (1). pp. 73-81. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2012.655701)

Host-seeking vectors

Lamberton, Poppy H. L., Cheke, Robert A., Walker, Martin, Winskill, Peter, Crainey, J. Lee, Boakye, Daniel A., Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y., Tirados, Iñaki, Wilson, Michael D., Tetteh-Kumah, Anthony, Otoo, Sampson, Post, Rory J. and Basañez, María-Gloria (2016) Onchocerciasis transmission in Ghana: the human blood index of sibling species of the Simulium damnosum complex. Parasites & Vectors, 9 (1). ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1703-2)

host–parasitoid model

Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Models for integrated pest control and their biological implications. Mathematical Biosciences, 215 (1). pp. 115-125. ISSN 0025-5564 (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2008.06.008)

host–parasitoid ratio

Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Models for integrated pest control and their biological implications. Mathematical Biosciences, 215 (1). pp. 115-125. ISSN 0025-5564 (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2008.06.008)

hot air

Bechoff, A., Dufour, D., Dhuique-Mayer, C., Marouzé, C., Reynes, M. and Westby, A. (2008) Effect of hot air, solar and sun drying treatments on provitamin A retention in orange-fleshed sweetpotato. Journal of Food Engineering, 92 (2). pp. 164-171. ISSN 0260-8774 (doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2008.10.034)

Human blood index

Lamberton, Poppy H. L., Cheke, Robert A., Walker, Martin, Winskill, Peter, Crainey, J. Lee, Boakye, Daniel A., Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y., Tirados, Iñaki, Wilson, Michael D., Tetteh-Kumah, Anthony, Otoo, Sampson, Post, Rory J. and Basañez, María-Gloria (2016) Onchocerciasis transmission in Ghana: the human blood index of sibling species of the Simulium damnosum complex. Parasites & Vectors, 9 (1). ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1703-2)

humid climate

Gough, M.C., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Brueton, A.C. (1989) The physical effects of tropical seasons on bagstacks of grain (ODNRI Bulletin No. 21). [Working Paper]

hybrids

Shankarappa, K.S., Sriharsha, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Prameela, H.A., Kulkarni, R.S., Muniyappa, V., Rao, A.M. and Maruthi, M.N. (2008) Development of tomato hybrids resistant to tomato leaf curl virus disease in South India. Euphytica, 164 (2). pp. 531-539. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-008-9750-1)

hydraulic conductivity

Atkinson, Christopher J. and Else, Mark A. (2012) Hydraulic conductivity and PAT determine hierarchical resource partitioning and ramet development along Fragaria stolons. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63 (14). pp. 5093-5104. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/ers155)

hydroxycinnamic acid

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

hydroxycinnamic acid esters

Anyanga, M. Otema, Muyinza, Harriet, Talwana, Herbert, Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Ssemakula, Gorrettie N., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2013) Resistance to the weevils Cylas puncticollis and Cylas brunneus conferred by sweetpotato root surface compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61 (34). pp. 8141-8147. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf4024992)

hygroscopic durable

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

IGF-I

Eppler, Elizabeth, Caelers, Antje, Shved, Natallia, Hwang, Guylin, Rahman, Azizur M., Maclean, Norman, Zapf, Jürgen and Reinecke, Manfred (2007) Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in a growth-enhanced transgenic (GH-overexpressing) bony fish, the tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): indication for a higher impact of autocrine/paracrine than of endocrine IGF-I. Transgenic Research, 16 (4). pp. 479-489. ISSN 0962-8819 (Print), 1573-9368 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11248-007-9093-z)

IGFBP

Eppler, Elizabeth, Caelers, Antje, Shved, Natallia, Hwang, Guylin, Rahman, Azizur M., Maclean, Norman, Zapf, Jürgen and Reinecke, Manfred (2007) Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in a growth-enhanced transgenic (GH-overexpressing) bony fish, the tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): indication for a higher impact of autocrine/paracrine than of endocrine IGF-I. Transgenic Research, 16 (4). pp. 479-489. ISSN 0962-8819 (Print), 1573-9368 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11248-007-9093-z)

IGR

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

image analysis

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S., Gibson, G. and Cooper, J. (2002) Co-adaptation between cassava mosaic geminiviruses and their local vector populations. Virus Research, 86 (1-2). pp. 71-85. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/S0168-1702(02)00051-5)

Immunosorbent electron microscopy

Seal, Susan, Turaki, Aliyu, Muller, Emmanuelle, Kumar, P. Lava, Kenyon, Lawrence, Filloux, Denis, Galzi, Serge, Lopez-Montes, Antonio and Iskra-Caruana, Marie-Line (2014) The prevalence of badnaviruses in West African yams (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata) and evidence of endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in their genomes. Virus Research, 186. pp. 144-154. ISSN 0168-1702 (Print), 1872-7492 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.01.007)

impact

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2012) The impact of Fairtrade: Evidence, shaping factors, and future pathways. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 42-63. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.005)

impact evaluation

Martin, Adrienne and Nelson, Valerie (2012) Impact assessment policies and practices of EIARD members: study. Technical Report. AGRINATURA-EEIG Secretariat, Paris, France.

impulsive difference equations

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Multiple attractors of host-parasitoid models with integrated pest management strategies: eradication, persistence and outbreak. Theoretical Population Biology, 73 (2). pp. 181-197. ISSN 0040-5809 (doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2007.12.001)

in situ conservation

Gibson, Richard W. (2009) A review of perceptual distinctiveness in landraces including an analysis of how its roles have been overlooked in plant breeding for low-input farming systems. Economic Botany, 63 (3). pp. 242-255. ISSN 0013-0001 (Print), 1874-9364 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12231-009-9086-3)

In vitro

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

in vitro culture

Antonidaki-Giatromanolaki, Anna, Orchard, John, Papadimitriou, Michel, Dragassaki, Magdalena and Vlahos, Ioannis (2010) Propagation of Ptilostemon chamaepeuce (L.) less through tissue culture. Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki, 13. pp. 105-111. ISSN 1790-045X

in vitro regeneration

Thokozani, Blackson L.K., Zulu, Donald, Sileshi, Gudeta W., Teklehaimanot, Zewge, Gondwe, Dominic S.B., Sarasan, Viswambharan and Stevenson, Philip (2011) Seed germination and in vitro regeneration of the African medicinal and pesticidal plant, Bobgunnia madagascariensis. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (32). pp. 5959-5966. ISSN 1684-5315

In vivo

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

in-situ conservation

Naziri, Diego (2009) Direct sale as a means for promoting the sustainable use of plant genetic resources: The case of the Tuscany Region. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development, 103 (1/2). pp. 65-80. ISSN 2240-2802

incidence

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012:795697. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

indexage des virus

Adikini, Scovia, Mukasa, Settumba B., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Gibson, Richard W. (2015) Sweet potato cultivar degeneration rate under high and low sweet potato virus disease pressure zones in Uganda. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 37 (1). pp. 136-147. ISSN 0706-0661 (Print), 1715-2992 (Online) (doi:10.1080/07060661.2015.1004111)

India

Banks, G.K., Colvin, J., Chowda, Reddy R.V., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V., Venkatesh, H.M., Kiran Kumar, M., Padmaja, A.S., Beitia, F.J. and Seal, S.E. (2001) First report of the Bemisia tabaci B biotype in India and an associated tomato leaf curl virus disease epidemic. Plant Disease, 85 (2). p. 231. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.2.231C)

Hassan, Mohammad Nayemul (2007) Re-investigation of the female sex pheromone of the legume podborer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidopters: Crambidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Sharma, A., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Dubey, R.K. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Duranta leaf curl disease in India is associated with a begomovirus. Indian Journal of Virology, 20. pp. 5-6. ISSN 0970-2822

Turner, Tom and Gothein, Marie-Luise (2008) Indian gardens. Gardenvisit.com, London, UK. ISBN 978-0-9542306-4-7

Yadav, Shyam S., Stevenson, Philip C., Rizvi, A.H., Manohar, M., Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 33-46. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_4 for chapter))

Indian Jatropha Mosaic Disease

Aswatha Narayana, D.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Shankarappa, K.S., Maruthi, M.N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Rekha, A.R. and Keshava Murthy, K.V. (2007) Distinct begomoviruses closely related to cassava mosaic viruses cause Indian Jatropha mosaic disease. International Journal of Virology, 3 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1816-4900 (doi:10.3923/ijv.2007.1.11)

Indian mustard

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

indigenous

Boyd, C. and Chigariro, J. (1998) Participatory evaluation report. Improved design of indigenous grain stores (NRI report no. 2447). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

induced resistance

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

industrial use

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Industrial Wireles

Qureshi, Athar, Rapajic, Predrag and Demaiter, Lysander (2016) Modern human machine interface in industrial wireless networks. International Journal of Simulation: Systems, Science & Technology, 17 (33). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1473-8031 (Print), 1473-804x (Online) (doi:10.5013/IJSSST.a.17.33.13)

infants

Beinner, Mark A., Velasquez-Meléndez, Gustavo, Pessoa, Milene C. and Greiner, Ted (2009) Iron-fortified rice is as efficacious as supplemental iron drops in infants and young children. The Journal of Nutrition, 140 (1). pp. 49-53. ISSN 0022-3166 (Print), 1541-6100 (Online) (doi:10.3945/jn.109.112623)

infection

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

informal grain movement

Tyler, P.S. and Hodges, R.J. (2002) Phytosanitary measures against larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), in international trade. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 279-289. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040816.21570.06)

infusion

Bechoff, Aurélie, Cissé, Mady, Fliedel, Geneviève, Declemy, Anne-Laure, Ayessou, Nicolas, Akissoe, Noel, Touré, Cheikh, Bennett, Ben, Pintado, Manuela, Pallet, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2013) Relationships between anthocyanins and other compounds and sensory acceptability of Hibiscus drinks. Food Chemistry, 140 (1). ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.132)

Inga

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

initial density

Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Models for integrated pest control and their biological implications. Mathematical Biosciences, 215 (1). pp. 115-125. ISSN 0025-5564 (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2008.06.008)

inorganic fertilizer

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Schjønning, Per (2010) Soil properties, crop production and greenhouse gas emissions from organic and inorganic fertilizer-based arable cropping systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 139 (4). pp. 584-594. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.10.001)

insect

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

insect behaviour

Esterhuizen, Johan, Njiru, Basilio, Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Michael J. and Torr, Stephen J. (2011) Vegetation and the importance of insecticide-treated target siting for control of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5 (9):e1336. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001336)

insect control

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

Dales, M.J. (1996) A review of plant materials used for controlling insect pests of stored products (NRI Bulletin 65). [Working Paper]

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

insect damage

Boxall, R.A. (1986) A critical review of the methodology for assessing farm-level grain losses after harvest (G191). [Working Paper]

Compton, J.A.F., Floyd, S., Magrath, P.A., Addo, S., Gbedevi, S.R., Agbo, B., Bokor, G., Amekupe, S., Motey, Z., Penni, H. and Kumi, S. (1998) Involving grain traders in determining the effect of post-harvest insect damage on the price of maize in African markets. Crop Protection, 17 (6). pp. 483-489. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/S0261-2194(98)00041-6.)

insect growth regulators

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

Insect hearing

Simões, Patrício M.V., Ingham, Robert A., Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2016) A role for acoustic distortion in novel rapid frequency modulation behaviour in free-flying male mosquitoes. Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (13). pp. 2039-2047. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.135293)

insect infestation

Dick, Kenneth (1988) A review of insect infestation of maize in farm storage in Africa with special reference to the ecology and control of Prostephanus truncatus (NRI Bulletin No. 18). [Working Paper]

insect management

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

insect migration

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

insect orientation

Arnold, S.E.J., Stevenson, P.C. and Belmain, S.R. (2015) Responses to colour and host odour cues in three cereal pest species, in the context of ecology and control. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 105 (4). pp. 417-425. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0007485315000346)

insect outbreak

Graham, Robert I., Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L. and Wilson, Kenneth (2012) Wolbachia in a major African crop pest increases susceptibility to viral disease rather than protects. Ecology Letters, 15 (9). pp. 993-1000. ISSN 1461-023X (Print), 1461-0248 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01820.x)

insect pest

Dales, M.J. (1996) A review of plant materials used for controlling insect pests of stored products (NRI Bulletin 65). [Working Paper]

Sharma, H.C., Gowda, C.L.L., Stevenson, Philip C., Ridsdill-Smith, T.J., Clement, S.L., Ranga Rao, G.V., Romies, Joerg, Miles, Melina and Bouhssini, M. (2007) Host plant resistance and insect pest management in chickpea. In: Yadav, Shyam S., Redden, Robert J., Chen, W. and Sharma, B., (eds.) Chickpea Breeding and Management. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 520-537. ISBN 9781845932138

insect pest control

Aminu, Aliyu (2015) Inactivation of Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus on chickpea, Cicer arietinum L. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Sarfo, Joseph Easmon (2013) Behavioural responses of cocoa mirids, Sahlbergella singularis Hagl and Distantiella theobroma Dist. (Heteroptera: Miridae), to sex pheromones. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

insect pests

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

Golob, P. (1977) Mixing insecticide powders with grain for storage (Rural Technology Guide 3). [Working Paper]

Golob, P. (1981) A practical assessment of food losses sustained during storage by smallholder farmers in the Shire Valley Agricultural Development Project Area of Malawi 1978/79 (G154). [Working Paper]

Insect resistance management

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

insect-borne disease

Lapied, Bruno, Pennetier, Cédric, Apaire-Marchais, Véronique, Licznar, Patricia and Corbel, Vincent (2009) Innovative applications for insect viruses: towards insecticide sensitization. Trends in Biotechnology, 27 (4). pp. 190-198. ISSN 0167-7799 (doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2008.12.005)

insect-resistant crops

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

insecticide

Cheke, Robert A., Meyer, Rolf R.F., Barro, Tele, Mas, Jordi, Sima, Anacleto Nsue, Abaga, Simon Ekwa, Noma, Mounkaila, Sékétéli, Azo V. and Wilson, Michael D. (2009) Towards the elimination of the Bioko form of Simulium yahense from Bioko: planning and insecticide trials. Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 19 (2). pp. 132-141. ISSN 1648-6919 (doi:10.2478/v10043-009-0013-8)

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

insecticide alternatives

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

insecticide powders

Golob, P. (1977) Mixing insecticide powders with grain for storage (Rural Technology Guide 3). [Working Paper]

insecticide resistance

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R. (2009) Changing trends in cotton pest management. In: Peshin, Rajinder and Dhawan, Ashok K., (eds.) Integrated Pest Management: Innovation-Development Process. Springer Science and Business Media (Netherlands), Dordrecht, pp. 499-541. ISBN 978-1-4020-8991-6 (Print) 978-1-4020-8992-3 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8992-3_17)

Springate, Simon and Colvin, John (2011) Pyrethroid insecticide resistance in British populations of the cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella. Pest Management Science, 68 (2). pp. 260-267. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.2255)

insecticide spray timing

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Shaw, Peter W. and Anfora, Gianfranco (2009) Exploitation of the sex pheromone of apple leaf midge Dasineura mali Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae): Part 2. Use of sex pheromone traps for pest monitoring. Crop Protection, 28 (2). pp. 128-133. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.09.004)

insecticide treatment

Addo, Samuel (2003) Development of targeted insecticide treatment for improved storage of maize cobs on traditional platforms in Ghana. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

insecticide-treated targets

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

insecticides

Golob, P. (1977) Mixing insecticide powders with grain for storage (Rural Technology Guide 3). [Working Paper]

Lapied, Bruno, Pennetier, Cédric, Apaire-Marchais, Véronique, Licznar, Patricia and Corbel, Vincent (2009) Innovative applications for insect viruses: towards insecticide sensitization. Trends in Biotechnology, 27 (4). pp. 190-198. ISSN 0167-7799 (doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2008.12.005)

insects

Simantara, Pojana (2009) Effect of heat and high carbon dioxide treatments on quality of green asparagus and the potential of these treatments for thirps disinfestation. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

integral equation model

Crooks, William T.S. and Cheke, Robert (2014) Soil moisture assessments for brown locust Locustana pardalina breeding potential using synthetic aperture radar. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing (JARS), 8 (1):084898. ISSN 1931-3195 (doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.084898)

integrated crop management

Pande, S., Sharma, M., Neupane, R.K., Chaudhary, R.N., Rao, J.N., Grzywacz, David, Baurai, V.A. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2009) Integrated crop management strategy for improved chickpea production and its impact on the livelihoods of farmers in Nepal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 37 (1&2). pp. 139-146. ISSN 0253-4355

integrated packages

Golob, P. (2002) Chemical, physical and cultural control of Prostephanus truncatus. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 245-277. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040817.59207.3a)

integrated pest management

Belmain, Steven (2007) Rats: an ecologically-based approach for managing a global problem. LEISA Magazine on Low External Input and Sustainable Agriculture, 23 (4). pp. 18-20. ISSN 1569-8424

Belmain, Steven (2007) Rats: an ecologically-based approach for managing a global problem. LEISA Magazine on Low External Input and Sustainable Agriculture, 23 (4). pp. 18-20. ISSN 1569-8424

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

international development

Colvin, John, Nagaraju, N., Moreno Leguizamon, Carlos, Govindappa, R.M., Manjunatha Reddy, T.B., Padmaja, S.A., Joshi, Neena, Hanson, Peter M., Seal, Susan E. and Muniyappa, V. (2012) Socio-economic and scientific impact created by whitefly-transmitted, plant- virus disease resistant tomato varieties in Southern India. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 (2). pp. 337-345. ISSN 2095-3119

international trade

Black, Robert and Kireeva, Irina (2010) International trade and plant protection issues: example of plant quarantine law of the Russian Federation. Journal of World Trade, 44 (3). pp. 591-609. ISSN 1011-6702

Intervention

Wang, Xia, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2016) A stage structured mosquito model incorporating effects of precipitation and daily temperature fluctuations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 411. pp. 27-36. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.09.015)

intraspecific communication

Athanassios, Siomos, Downham, Mark C. A., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R., Phythian, Sara J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Behavioral responses of Sunn Pest to volatiles from conspecific insects and host plants. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 167-180. ISBN 9789953010632

Green, Stuart V., Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) The role of vibratory signals in mating behavior of Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 157-166. ISBN 9789953010632

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Innocenzi, Paul J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Chemical and electrophysiological studies on Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9789953010632

Invasiveness

Xie, Wen, Chen, Chunhai, Yang, Zezhong, Guo, Litao, Yang, Xin, Wang, Dan, Chen, Ming, Huang, Jinqun, Wen, Yanan, Zeng, Yang, Lui, Yating, Xia, Jixing, Tian, Lixia, Cui, Hongying, Wu, Qingjun, Wang, Shaoli, Xu, Baoyun, Li, Xianchun, Tan, Xinqiu, Ghanim, Murad, Qiu, Baoli, Pan, Huipeng, Chu, Dong, Delatte, Helene, Maruthi, M.N., Ge, Feng, Zhou, Xueping, Wang, Xiaowei, Wan, Fanghao, Du, Yuzhou, Luo, Chen, Yan, Fengming, Preisser, Evan L., Jiao, Xiaguo, Coates, Brad S., Zhao, Yinyang, Gao, Qiang, Xia, Jinquan, Yin, Ye, Liu, Yong, Brown, Judith K., Zhou, Xuguo Joe and Zhang, Youjun (2017) Genome sequencing of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemsia tabaci MED/Q. GigaScience, 6 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2041-1723 (doi:10.1093/gigascience/gix018)

IPM

Adati, T., Tamò, M., Yusuf, S.R., Downham, M.C.A., Singh, B.B. and Hammond, W. (2008) Integrated pest management for cowpea–cereal cropping systems in the West African savannah. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27 (3-4). pp. 123-137. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758407883172)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2012) An integrated pest management model with delayed responses to pesticide applications and its threshold dynamics. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 13 (5). pp. 2352-2374. ISSN 1468-1218 (doi:10.1016/j.nonrwa.2012.02.003)

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2013) Adaptive release of natural enemies in a pest-natural enemy system with pesticide resistance. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 75 (11). pp. 2167-2195. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-013-9886-6)

Natara