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'NASPOT 11' (2R (2S (3Z • 6Z • 9Z)-heneicosatriene (3Z • 6Z)-cis-9 (CMD) (EACMV) (OFSP) (R)-2-nonyl butyrate (R)-3-hydroxy-2-hexanone (S (S )-2-hydroxy-3-decanone (Z (Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene 10-epoxyheneicosadiene 11-tetradecadienyl acetate 12 15-pentacosapentaene 15N natural abundance method 2-acetoxy-5-undecanone 2-acetoxyundecane 2-undecanol 2-undecanone 2-Undecyloxy-1-ethanol 3 dihydroxyoctane 3-Glucanase 3-hydroxy-2-decanone 6 8Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene 8Z)-2-butyroxy-8-heptadecene(2S 8Z)-8-heptadecen-2-ol 9 [beta]-amylase AB SOLiD above-ground store above-ground–below-ground interactions Aboveground biomass abscisic acid abstracts Acanthoscelides obtectus ACC synthase acceptance access Access to credit access to markets Acetylcholinesterase Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli Aconitum acoustic behaviour ACS1 Actellic Super Dust action learning Action research Acyrthosiphon pisum adaptation adaptation to climate change adaptive capacity adaptive resource management adhesion strength Adoption adoption and dissemination or diffusion of technology adventitious roots Advisory services advocacy aerial sampling aerial spraying Aerial trapping studies aerobiology affective test Aflatoxin aflatoxin determination aflatoxins Africa African agriculture African crop pests African diatomaceous earths African export African farming african soil African supply chain African Trypanosomiasis African Yam Bean Ageratum conyzoides aggregation pheromone agrarian societies agrarian transitions Agri-environmental monitoring agri-food agribusiness Agribusiness investment agricultural commodities agricultural concerns agricultural development agricultural distortions agricultural export agricultural extension agricultural extension services agricultural fields agricultural health agricultural innovation agricultural innovation systems agricultural innovation systems (AIS) agricultural intensification agricultural knowledge agricultural management Agricultural pests agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors agricultural production agricultural productivity agricultural reform agricultural research Agricultural research for development (AR4D) agricultural residues Agricultural system agricultural trade agriculture agrifood sector agrifood supply chain agro-ecology agro-ecosystem agro-ecosystems Agro-food industry agro-pastoralism agro-pastoralsim Agroecology agroforest Agroforestry agroforestry systems agroprocessing aid shipments AIDS Air flow distribution air pollution airtight storage alata Alectra Aleyrodes proletella Aleyrodidae Alkaloids allomones allotments Alternate wetting and drying Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) amala aman rice AMOVA analysis analytic network process Analytical Hierarchy Process analytical methods anchote Andes animal African trypanosomiasis animal feed animal forage animal nutrition Animal-source foods Annual crop Annualized cost methodology Anopheles arabiensis Anopheles balabacensis Anopheles coluzzii Anopheles gambiae Anoplophora glabripennis antagonism anthocyanins Anthonomus rubi Anthracnose anthropology Anthropometry – Nutrition assessment – Public health – Program evaluation – Monitoring – Surveillance – Surveys – Timely warning – Malnutrition – Low-income anthropophilic anti-juvenile hormones Antifungal antitrypanosomal Apac aphid aphid sitobion-avenae aphid-transmitted potyvirus APHLIS Apoidea Apple application apricot aquaculture Armenia armyworm armyworm moth Arrestant arrestment Arsenophonus Artemisia Artemisia annua Artemisinin artemisinin extraction arthropods article artificial neural networks artisanal rice parboiling Arylbenzofuran ascorbic acid Ashanti region Asia Asian asparagus assessment assessment method assessment mothodology assessment technique assimilation Atmospheric Turbulence atmospheric transport attractant baits Attractants attracticide attraction augmentation Australia autonomy autoSNP auxin Average treatment effect AVHRR avicide Azadirachta B value bacilliform virus Bacillus thuringiensis Backward bifurcation bacterial contamination bacterial leaf blight bacterial wilt baculovirus baculoviruses Badna-PCR badnavirus bag container bag handling bagstacks baited traps balantine nut bamboo masting banana banana bunchy top virus bands Bangaladesh Bangalore Bangladesh Barind Tract barley Bay of Bangal Bayesian network Bead array beans Becker-DeGroot-Marschak mechanism Beef bees begomovirus begomoviruses behaviour Belize Belize Valley Bemisia afer Bemisia after Bemisia tabaci Bemisia tabaci whitefly species bench terraces beneficial insect predators beneficiary benefits Benin benomyl resistance Best Management Practices Better Cotton Initiative Betul Beverage Beverton-Holt equations Beverton–Holt model bi-directional development Bi-threshold value bibliography Biennial bearing bio-energy supply chains bioaccessibility Biochar Biochar production biochemistry Biodiversity biodiversity conservation biodiversity valuation Bioflows biofortification biofortified cassava Biofuel crops Bioinformatics Biological control biological control agents biological microscopy biological pesticides biomass energy technology Biomass production Weed control Grain yield Nutrient uptake Soil organic carbon DayCent model Biomass residues biopesticide biopesticides bioremediation biosafety level Biosecurity biosynthesis Biotransformation biotype bird pest control bird predation bird species Bisabolene biting flies Biting midges Biting rates Bitter pit black bean aphid black Sigatoka black tiger shrimp blackflies bluetongue bobgunnia Bolangir District Bolivia Bombus Bombus terrestris Boron bostrichidae Botanical insecticide botanical insecticides Botanical pesticide Botanical products botanical protectants botanicals Botswana Boundary function Bounded learning-by-doing box container brand branding brasicca Brassica brassica crops Brassica oleracea brazil nut bread breeding Brindley’s gland Broad-spectrum herbicides broken grains (brokens) Brong-Ahafo Brood diseases broomrape brown locust brown planthopper brown rust bruchid bruchid beetles bruchids Bryocoropsis laticollis Bryophyta bryophytes BT Bt cotton Bt-cotton Bt-crops Buchnera aphidicola Buchnera hispida Bud weevils bulblets Bulgaria bulk container bulk grain storage bulk handling bulk maize bumblebee Bumblebees bumper crop bunkers Burkina Faso Bursaphelenchus xylophilus Butyrylcholinesterase by-catch Bycatch Byturus tomentosus C. brunneus Fabricius C.A.F.E. Practices C3 C4 Ca.P. prunorum Ca.P. pyri CAAPD Cabbage Whitefly cabbage whitefly cacao caffeic acid ester calibration California Callosobruchus Callosobruchus maculatus callus culture Canard cycle Candidatus Phytoplasma mali canned fish capacity capacity building capacity building and stakeholder organisation capacity development capacity strengthening carbohydrates carbon Carbon dioxide carbon footprinting carbon sequestration carbon stocks carbon storage carnivores carotenoid carotenoid degradation carotenoids case studies cashew cashew nut Cassava Cassava breeding Cassava brown streak disease cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) cassava exchange cassava flour Cassava leaves cassava mosaic cassava mosaic disease cassava mosaic virus cassava mosaic virus disease cassava mosaic viruses Cassava starch Cassava whiteflies Cassava-fish crackers Cassia sophera catch crop Catch crops categorisation cation-exchange chromatography cattle causal chain analysis Cayo CBO CBSD CBSD and CMD CBSD resistance CBSV cecidomyiidae cell culture cement-lined pit Central Europe centrifugal force Cerambycidae Ceratopogonidae cereal Cereal crops cereal grains cereal losses cereal storage cereals certification CGE modelling Challenges Change change management cheap talk chemical and non-chemical management chemical defence Chemical defense chemical ecology Chemical weed control Chemical-sensory analysis Chemotype cherry canker chickpea chillies Chilling injury Chilo polychrysa China chiral sex pheromone Chirality chitin inhibitors Chitinase Chittagong Chlamydomonas-Reinhardtii chlorophyll fluorescence choice experiments cholesterol chromosomes chrysanthemum gall midge cicadulina cicer arietinum Cicerfuran Circular ideal-point regression CIS cities citrinin citrus CJ Atkinson Clavigralla tomentosicollis clay-lined pit climate Climate adaptation policy climate change climate change adaptation climate change and variability climate change effects climate exposure climate sensitivity Climatic zone Clitostethus arcuatus closed‑tube reverse transcription loop‑mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP) Closteroviridae CMD CO2 coastal coastal communities coastal community coastal fishing coat protein gene sequences Coccinia abyssinia Cochliomyia hominivorax cocoa cocoa beans cocoa sector coconut coconut oil coconut pest coconuts cocoyam Cocoyam farmers code of practice coexistence Coffea arabica coffee coffee agroforestry Coffee morphology coffee quality coffee white stem borer Coffee yield COI cold climates Coleoptera collective action collective action dilemma collective marketing Colombian food manufacturing industry colour colour constancy colour evaluation colour hexagon colour vision column liquid chromatography combinations combine harvesting Comic Relief commercial commercial shipments commercialisation commodities commodity market common agricultural policy Commonwealth of Independant States communications community community based organisation community conservation Community-based programs Compagnie Malienne pour le Developpement des Fibres Textiles (CMDT) Compensation theory competition competitive system Complete genome composite plantain-wheat flour Composite flour compound feed production compression ignition engines computable general equilibrium models confectionary coniesta ignefusalis connectivity conservation Conservation agriculture conservation education constraints consultation consumer acceptance consumer preference consumer safety consumer survey Consumer test consumers consumption consumption pattern Contact angle contained cultivation Container production containment contamination Contraceptive bait control control strategies controlled release Convection dryer Convective dryers Convective drying cooking Coppice forests corn-rootworm coleoptera Corruption cosmetics cost cost implication cost model Cost savings cost-benefit analysis cost-effective protocols Cote d'Ivoire Cotinus cotton cotton bollworm cotton plant cottonseed coumaric countryside cover and plinth Cover crop Cover crops cowpea cowpea seed cowpea weevil Crackers credit credit access crevice traps crinivirus Crithidia Crithidia bombi critical appraisal crop crop biotechnology crop damage crop damage assessment crop husbandry crop improvement crop management crop modelling crop models crop pest crop pests Crop processing crop production crop protection crop protection practices crop rotation crop storage crop storage systems crop suitability modeling crop virus crop yield crop yields cropping systems crops crop–livestock interactions cross-infestation Cross-validation crustaceans Cry toxins cryptic species cucurbits Culex quinquefasciatus cultivar cultivars cultural control culture Cumulative effect cumulative number of deaths currant cut-flowers Cutworm Cyanogenic glucosides cyanophos cyclonic suspension burner Cylas cylas brunneus cylas puncticollis Cylas puncticollis Boheman Cyperus difformis cytochrome b cytochrome oxidase I gene cytogenetics cytokinins Cytospecies distribution Czech Republic dairy damage threshold Dar es Salaam Dasineura gleditchiae database date decentralisation decentralisation India decentralised decentralised market information service decisionmaking Decomposition of productivity growth decortication defects deficiency deguelin Dehydration delay delayed response to pesticide application delivery protein demand Demonax balyi Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) Dengue disease densitometry density dependence dephosphorylation desert desert locust desiccated coconut design Design guidelines Detection developed countries Developing countries development development chambers development prospects development rates Dhaka dhal diagnosis Diagnostic diagnostic assay Diagnostic studies Diagnostic Test Diagnostics Diamondback moth diatomaceous earth diatomaceous earths diesel diesel blends diet diet diversity Dietary diversity Differential enthalpy Differential entropy dihydroflavonol Dioscorea Dioscorea rotundata Dioscorea spp. Dioscorea yam diptera direct-seeded rice direct-seeding discrete choice experiments discrete choice models discrete Euler-Lagrange equation Discrete model disease disease resistance Disease spread diseases Dispensers dispersal disruption Distantiella theobroma distortion products distribution disturbance diversification diversity diversity effects Djodji form dna DNA bar-coding DNA extraction DNA probes DNA satellite molecules Doha Development Agenda dolichos yellow mosaic disease Dominican Republic Double hurdle model dough rheology Doxycycline draught animals dried cassava dried fish dried fruit dried sweet potato drought drought acclimation Drought characteristics Drought tolerance drying Dryland cereals drylands dumping dung fauna durability duranta leaf durum wheat Dynamic complexity dynamic threshold E)-9 E. camaldulensis E. citriodora E. cloeziana E. grandis E. maculata E. maidenii E. saligna E. tereticornis EACMZV EAG early warning systems East Africa East African cassava mosaic virus East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus east and southern Africa eastern Africa Eastern Europe Eastern Nepal EBRM EC50 Echinochloa colona echinochloa crusgalli ecological and conventional farming ecological niche ecological niche modelling ecological resources ecological services Ecologically-based rodent management ecology econometric valuation economic Economic and Environmental impacts economic costs economic development economic evaluation economic growth economic loss economic model economic partnership agreements economic potential economic threshold economics economy ecosystem services ecosystem based adaptation Ecosystem processes Ecosystem services Ecosystems Ecuador edible nuts edible root and tubers education effect Effectiveness egg development Egg laying electroantennography Electrocuting traps electron microscopy elicitation mechanisms elimination ELISA Elubo emergency storage emerging disease epidemics emigration emloyment employment enantiomers enantioselectivity Endogeneity corrected stochastic frontier Endogeneity of input choice endogenous Endogenous Dioscorea bacilliform virus Endogenous pararetrovirus Endogenous pararetrovirus (EPRV) Endogenous pararetroviruses endophagic endophilic Endosymbiotic bacteria energy balance Energy efficiency energy intensity energy production Energy saving England enterprise entomological radar entomological radars entomology entomopathogenic bacteria entomopathogenic fungi entomopathogenic fungus Entomopathogenic nematodes entomopathogenic virus entomopathogens environment Environmental Impact Assessment environmental law environmental regulation environmental risk assessment environmental sciences environmental values environmentally friendly pest control Epicatechin Epidemiology epidermis Episomal badnavirus equipment list ergotamine Erythrina poepiggiana Espiritu Santo essential oil establishment Ethanol ethers ethical ethical consumerism ethical trade Ethiopia ethnobotanical survey ethnobotanicals Ethnobotany ethnography ethylene EU EU Eastern Enlargement EU review eucalyptus eucalyptus leaf eucalyptus oil EurepGap Europe European market European Union Eurygaster integriceps evaluation Evaluation and Learning System evaluation methods Evaluation of CGIAR Research Programme (CRP) evidence gaps Evidence-based policy Evolution exophagic exophilic Expansion experiential learning experimental auctions explosions export expression extensible markup language Extension extension evaluation extraction Extruded snack Extruded snack bambara groundnut cassava starch corn exudate gums faba bean Fabaceae fair trade fair-trade Fairtrade fallow land family Noctuidae farm granaries farm level storage farm loss Farm network survey farm storage farm survey FARM-Africa farm-level Farm-level economics farmer farmer coping strategies Farmer Field School farmer organisations farmer participation farmer-to-farmer farmers Farmers Adaptation Strategies farmers perspectives farming Farming systems Farming systems research Farming Systems Research (FSR) Farming systems research (FSR)Agricultural knowledge and information systems (AKIS) Fatty acids fecundity feed manufacture fenthion fermented fermented fish fertigation fertilisers Fertility control fertilizer field analysis field screening field trapping fig Fiji Filippov system finance financial services Firm-level productivity growth firmness fiscal reform fish fish distribution fish handling fish marketing fish processing fish products fish trade fisherfolk fisheries fisheries partnership agreements fishing fishing communities fishing community fitness fitness costs Flash dryer Flash Profile flavanones flavonol glycosides flavonol pentaglycosides flavour flavouring agent flexible silos Flight altitude Flight behaviour Flight orientation flight traps flood damage flood risk management flooding stress floodplains floral blends floral chemistry floral reflectance flour flour mixture Flow sensing flower colour food food aid food analysis Food composition tables Food consumption food crisis food crop food industry food insecurity food loss Food losses food miles food poisoning Food policy food powders food production food products food quality food safety food safety management Food Science food security food shelter food supply food supply chains foot-and-mouth disease foraging foraging behaviour forecast forecasting foresrty forest certification forest plantation forest products forestry forestry products formulation laboratory Forsythia fragaria France Free-flight freight containers french bean frequency of pesticide applications frequency tuning fresh loaf qualities fresh produce frozen fish fruit fruit market fruits Frying treatments fuel fumigation fumigation materials fumigation sheets fumigation warehouse fumigation warehouse construction fumigation warehouse design Functional properties fungal toxins future gardening gari gas chromatography-electroantennographic recording gas exchange gasification geminiviridae Geminivirus geminiviruses gender Gene content variation gene expression Gene loss gene silencing Genetic diversity genetic enhancement Genetic erosion genetic gain Genetic modification . Genetic engineering . Plant breeding . Food security . Disease resistance . Developing countries . Biosafety genetic variability genetically modified maze genome genome diversity genome sequences Genome sequencing Genotype × environment interaction Genotype × environment interactions genotyping by sequencing Geographic distribution Geometridae Georgia Gerbilliscus vicinus Germacrene-D Germany germination germplasm GFLV Ghana gibberellic acid gibberellins GIS Giving up density Gleditsia triacanthos Global Land Indicators Global Land Indicators Initiative global value chain global warming GlobalGAP globalisation Glossina Glossina fuscipes Glossina fuscipes fuscipes Glossina fuscipes spp. Glossina morsitans centralis GLSS Glufosinate Glyphosate GM cotton gm foods GMO GMP Go-Interfish goat Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) good practice gourds governance Governance crisis grain grain damage grain distribution grain fumigation grain grinding grain harvest grain hulling Grain legumes grain loss grain milling grain processing grain protectant grain protection Grain protein concentration grain protein content forecasting grain quality grain storage Grain storage Synthetic pesticide efficacy Insect feeding dust and chaff Grain damage Prostephanus truncatus grain stores grain threshing grain trade grain value grain yield Grandlure I Grandlure II Granger test grass pea grasshopper grayanotoxins green revolution greenhouse greenhouse gas greenhouse gas emission greenhouse gas emissions Greenwich GroEL chaperonin protein groundnut groundnut rosette groundnut rosette disease groundnuts group marketing Growth Growth vigor guar gum GUD Guignardia citricarpa Guinea gum gum arabic gum karaya gum tragacanth habitat habitat conservation HACCP haemoglobin Haiti Hand weeding handicrafts handling haplotype haplotypes harmonic radar harvesting harvesting operations HarvestPlus Hawaii health health benefits healthy planting material heat balance equation Heat consumption Heat input Heat losses Heat recovery heat treatments heavy metals hedonic testing height Helicoverpa Helicoverpa armigera Heliodinidae Hemiptera Hemiptera Heteroptera Herbicidal Herbicides hermetic storage Heterobostrychus brunneus Heteroptera Heteroptera: Miridae Heteropteran bugs heterosis hexadecyl estersoctadecyl esters hibiscus Hibiscus beverages Hibiscus sp. Bissap hides High Barind Tract high CO2 high performance thin layer chromatography High quality cassava flour High reliability system High-flying insects higher education Highland Water Project Histeridae HIV homo-γ-bisabolene homoptera Homoptera cicadellidae hondurensis honey bees honey locust gall midge horsegram horticultural products horticulture host Host age preference host odour host outbreak host plant host plant resistance host plant volatiles host preference host races host range host selection host stimuli Host-odours host-plant resistance hot air Hot-air dryer household diet diversity household questionnaire houses HQCF HT rice human African trypanosomiasis human health human resources humid climate Hungary hybrid geography hybrids hydraulic conductivity hydrology Hydrothermal carbonization hydroxycinnamic acid hygroscopic durable Hypnum cupressiforme hypothetical bias Hypsipyla grandella IAASTD ICT identification IGR Illumina image analysis Imidazolinone Immunosorbent electron microscopy impact Impact assessment Impact evaluation impacts imperata cyclindrica implementation implications import Imports impulse impulsive difference equations impulsive harvesting in vitro culture in-vitro Inaugural lecture incidence Inclusive value chains income income generation Index insurance India India export Indian Jatropha Mosaic Disease Indian mustard Indicators indigenous Indigenous knowledge Indonesia induced resistance industrial use inert dust infection infectious clone infestation Infestation level informal grain movement information information systems infrastructure Inga Inga laurina inland valley Inland valleys innovation innovation partnerships innovation platforms Innovation systems Innovations inoculative releases Insect Insect hearing insect behaviour insect control insect damage insect feeding chaff insect flight insect foraging novelty aversion insect growth regulators insect hearing insect infestation insect layer insect management Insect migration insect pest insect pests Insect resistance insect vector insect vectors insect vision insect-borne disease insect-resistant crops Insecticidal insecticide insecticide alternatives insecticide powders insecticide resistance insecticide-treated targets insecticides institutionalisation Insurance integral equation model integrated assessment Integrated assessment (Participatory)research methods Integrated crop management Integrated development integrated packages integrated pest management integrated weed management Integration inter-relationships interaction Intercalibration Interception intercropping international agriculture research in semi-arid areas international cooperation international development international law international trade International Trade Markets interspecific interspecific breeding Interspecific hybrid interspecific rice intervention Intraspecific and interspecific competition Response surface design Resource partitioning Facilitation Relative dominance Land equivalency ratio (LER) intraspecific communication invasion ecology Invasive Alien plants investment iodine deficiency iodine supply and distribution Ion Torrent IPM Ipomea batata (L.) Lam ipomoea batatas Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam Ipomoea batatas L Ipomovirus Ipsdienone irish potato IRM irrigated lowland irrigated rice irrigated system rehabilitation Irrigation irrigation development Irrigation scheduling Irrigation systems ISEAL Alliance Islamic states isoflavonoid isoflavonoids Isothermal amplification isothermal moisture diffusion Ivermectin japanese encephalitis-virus Johnston’s organ juvenile hormones kairomone Kairomones Kampala kantola karyotypes Kaya identity Kaya-Porter identity Kenya Kenya pastoralist livestock production Keywords: Colombian food industry kidney or common bean kinesis kinetic kinetics Kitoza knowledge knowledge management Knowledge systems knowledge transfer labelling laboratory experiments laboratory methods laboratory services labour labour and livelihoods Lamiinae land Land administration Land and Poverty Land encroachment Land Governance Land Indicators land management Land Monitoring land reform land resource assessment land suitability land suitability evaluation Land tenure security land tenure systems land use land use change land use management land-sharing land-use change Landraces Landsat-7 ETM+ image landscape Landscape of fear landscape planning Lanhouin large grain borer larger grain borer larva larvae larval wound fluid larviciding Latin America Lavandulol leaching of soluble solid Leaf leaf miners leaf weevil Leaf wettability learning learning activities learning alliances leather Leaves legume legume crop Legumes leguminosae Leishmaniasis lentil Lepidoptera Leptosphaeria maculans Lesotho less developed countries (LDCs) Levonorgestrel liberalisation liberalization life history life-history strategies lifecycle light intensity light traps lignification Lima-bean pod borer Limit cycle lipopolysaccharide Lira Lira District literature review livelihood livelihood security livelihood system livelihoods Livelihoods Climate variability Adaptation Multi-scale Food security Sub-Saharan Africa livelihoods diversification livestock LLIN – Multivariable logistic regression – Ownership – SSA – Utilization local communities local knowledge locomotory behaviour locust locust bean gum locust control Locustana pardalina logistics processes longevity loose smut loss loss assessment loss calculation loss estimates loss estimation loss evaluation loss measurement loss reduction losses losses network Low input production low temperature storage lowland lowland systems Lowlands Luminex lure optimisation lure-and-kill luteovirus Lychee Lycopersicon Lycopersicon esculentum Lygus bugs Lygus rugulipennis M&E M. fallax M. natalensis macadamia nut Macaque Macedonia Madagascar Madhya Madhya Pradesh Magnaporthe grisea maintenance maize maize loss maize storage maize storage methods maize streak Malaria malaria control malaria vector Malawi male sex pheromone Mali management management programs MANET mango Manihot esculenta mansonellosis manual manufacture mapping maps mariculture marigold marine marine fish marine transport marker validation Markers Market Market acceptance market access market chain market development market information service market intervention market linkage development market trends marketing markets Maruca vitrata Mass estimation Mass and energy balance mass production biopesticides mass transfer mass trapping mass-transfer mastomy Mastomys natalensis mathematical model mathematical models mating mating behaviour mating compatibility mating disruption matric potentials MAXENT Maximum likelihood maximum sustainable yield meat Mechanical damages mechanical weed control mechanical weeders Megalurothrips sjostedti Meloidogyne chitwoodi Meloidogyne incognita melon membrane integrity meso-carnivore Meta-analysis metacommunity metal metal grain tanks Metarhizium methodology methods Methyl jasmonate Methyl salicylate micro-organism Microbial biopesticides microbial control microbial insecticides Micronutrient deficiency micronutrients Microplitis similis microwave midge blight Migrant insects Migrating animals migration Migration strategies millet mineral fertilizer Minimum air flow rate Minirhizotrons Mirid Miridae mitigation mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (mtCOI)DNA mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I DNA mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene mitochondrial DNA mixed models mixta Mixture Design mobile model Model mixing Modeling modelling modelling study modernisation MODIS moisture change Moisture content moisture diffusion moisture ingress profile moisture removal Moldova molecular biology molecular farming molecular genetics molecular modifications molecular species diagnosis molecular variability molluscs monitoring Monochaminae Monochamus galloprovincialis monochoria vaginalis Morphological form morphology mosaic disease mosaic-virus Mosquito Mosquito augmentation Mosquito behaviour Mosquito control Mosquito sampling moss moths mould damage movement patterns Moxidectin Mozambique Mucuna Multi-criteria decision making multi-disciplinary multi-stakeholder multi-stakeholder initiatives multilinear regression Multimammate rat Multiple pesticide applications Multiple stressors Multiplex Musa spp. Mushroom mutualism mycoflora mycorrhizal association Mycosphaerella dearnessii mycotoxicosis Mycotoxin Myrcenone N supply N use efficiency N2-fixation Namibia Narshimpur NASPOT 11 sweet potato cultivar (Tomulabula) national parks native plants natural disaster natural enemies natural enemy natural products natural resource management natural resources Natural Resources Institute NDVI nectar chemistry Nectar larceny Nectar toxin nectarine needs assessment Nematicidal nematodes Nenets Autonomous Okrug neonicotinoid NEPAD Nepal NERICA NERICA rice cultivars NERICA rice varieties nested-PCR network neuro lathyrism New Delhi virus new ornamental plant new plants New Rice for Africa (NERICA) Newcastle disease Nexus NGO NGS niche Nicholson-Bailey model Nicotiana tabacum Nigeria nilaparvata-lugens stal nitrogen Nitrogen accumulation nitrogen budgets Nitrogen depleted environment nitrogen mineralization Nitrogen use efficiency nitrous oxide nivea no till nomograph non-farm non-farm economy non-farm employment Non-food crops non-government organisation non-grain starch staples Non-overlapping generation non-polar bonded phase extraction cartridges non-target birds and reptiles non-target Lepidoptera non-target species nonhuman Norisoprenoids Northern Belize Northern Cape Nosema novel insecticides NRI Radar Entomology Unit nucleopolyhedrovirus nucleotide-sequence Nutrient accumulation Nutrient acquisition strategies nutrient balance Nutrient concentration nutrient recycling nutrition Nutrition-sensitive interventions Nutritional properties Nutritional value nutritious maize nuts O. glaberrima O. sativa occupational culture ochratoxin odour baits odour-mediated orientation OECD countries Office du Niger Oil content oil-seed oilseeds okra old world bollworm olfaction on-farm on-farm storage on-research Onchocerca volvulus onchocerciasis onchocerciasis control program onion open data kit Open source opportunities opportunity space Optimization optimum timing Optomotor responses orange fleshed sweet potato orange fleshed sweetpotato orange maize Orange sweet potato Orange Walk orange-fleshed cultivars orange-fleshed sweet potato ordinal regression organic organic acids organic manure organic produce organics Organisational capacity organophosphate organophosphate pesticides orientation cue Orientation cues Orissa ornamental plant quality ornamental tree Orobanchaceae Orobanche Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Oryza sativa L Oryza sativa L. Oryza spp. osmotic dehydration outbreak outer membrane overexpression overseas development Oviposition oviposition deterrent Oxford nanopore oxygen P4P Pacific biosciences Packaging materials paddy Pakistan palladium-catalysed coupling Panchayat Raj Panel traps Pangenome papaya papermaking Papua New Guinea Paradox parasitic plant Parasitic plants parasitic weed parasitic weed species Parasitic weeds parasitoid Parasitoids parboiled rice Parity rates partial root drying participation Participative research participatory participatory appraisal Participatory approaches participatory plant breeding participatory plant-breeding participatory research participatory rural appraisal particle adhesion particulate forestry partnerships parval pastoral Pastoral and dairy farmers pastoral development pastoral farming pastoral poverty pastoral societies pastoralism pastoralist parliamentary groups pathogens payment for environmental services PCR PCR-RFLP pea pea moth peach pear pearl millet Peat alternatives Perception analysis Perceptions of drought perceptual distinctiveness perennial peri-urban horticulture Perillaldehyde Persea americana Mill Persea americana Mill. persistence persistence and partial extinction Peru pest pest control pest dynamics pest management pest management decision making pest monitoring pest resistance pest risk assessment pest rodent pest-natural enemy system Pesticidal plants pesticidal plants pesticide pesticide adulteration Pesticide application frequency Pesticide application period pesticide degradation pesticide laboratory pesticide residues Pesticide switches Pesticide switching pesticide tolerance pesticide use pesticides pests petrol pheromone pheromone trap pheromone traps pheromones Philipines PHL metrics PHL reduction phloem sap phonotaxis phophorus deficiency phosphate rock phosphate sorption phosphine fumigation Phosphogypsum phosphorous sorption Phosphorus phosphorus requirement phosphorylation photosynthesis phthalates phylloplane Phylogenetic characterization phylogenetics phylogeny Phylogeography physiological state of insects Phytosanitary phytosanitary organizations phytosanitation phytosterol pig slurry pigs Pine sawyer pine wilt disease Pine wilt disease • Pine wood nematode pine wood nematode pineapple Pinus caribaea pinus oocarpa Pinus pinea pits plague plant Plant funcional traits Plant growth management plant architecture plant available water plant biodiversity plant breeding plant damage plant disease plant hormones plant insecticides plant leaf chemistry Plant nutrition Plant Pathogen plant reproduction plant secondary metabolites plant signaling plant strategies plant type plant virus Plant volatiles plant-herbivore interactions plant-parasitic nematodes plant-virus plantain plantain fruit maturity planting material plants plant–soil (below-ground) interactions plant–soil feedbacks Plasmodium knowlesi plastics ploughing operations plutella xylostella Pneumatic dryer pod borers Poland polar auxin transport Polarization pattern Polic policy policy appraisal policy responses pollen Pollination polyethylene packaging polymerase chain reaction Polyploidy pomegranate poor population dynamics Population ecology population genetic-structure population genetics Pork Port-Au-Prince post harvest loss post-attachment resistance post-farm gate activities post-harvest post-harvest loss post-harvest pest management post-processing postharvest postharvest agriculture postharvest fisheries postharvest food losses (PHLs) postharvest impacts postharvest interventions postharvest loss postharvest losses Postharvest physiological disorder postharvest storage systems postharvest technologies postharvest technology potassium Potato Potyvirus poverty poverty reduction practical design Pradesh pre-chromatographic clean-up pre-harvest pre-harvest curing Predation Predation risk predator Predators predator–prey model prediction predictive breeding pretreatment prevention preventive control price pricing primary benefit primary schools priority setting private investment private sector private standards private voluntary standards Process improvement processing Processors produce gas fuelling producer organisation development Product homogeneity Product optimization product quality production production constraints Production diversity production technology productivity programme Project Management System propagation proscribed pests Prostephanus truncatus Prostphanus truncatus provitamin A provitamin A retention prune pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum psychophysics ptilostemon chamaepeuse public health pulping characteristics Pulse spraying pulses pumpkin plants purchasing practices PVC-resin formulation Pyralidae pyrethroid pyrethroid treatment pyrethrum pyrolysis qPCR QTL qualitative Qualitative comparative analysis quality quality assessment quality control quality determination quality evaluation quality loss quality maintenance quality protein maize quality-value relationships quantitative Quantitative descriptive analysis Quantitative real–time PCR quarantine quarantine plant health quelea Quelea quelea questionnaire Quinestrol rabi cropping radar Radar cross-section radio tracking rail trucks Rain fed rice Rain-fed agriculture rain-fed lowland rain-fed lowland rice Rain-fed lowland. Oryza sativa Rain-fed rice rainbow trout Rainfall Rainfall variability Rainfed rice Rainforest Alliance raisin ramets Rana automated monitoring Random forest ranking RAPD-PCR rapid appraisal Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (RAAIS) rapid assessment Rapid diagnostics Rapid frequency modulation rapid frequency modulation behaviour raspberry raspberry cane midge rat rats Rattus raw-milled paddy Re-sequencing recombinant antibody Recombinase polymerase amplification Recombination red-billed quelea REDD reduction of hunger references Refuge Registration regulated deficit irrigation Regulation regulations reindeer-herding areas Relative yield loss release rate Remote sensing renewable energy repellency Repellents research research agenda research impact research policy researcher-bred variety NASPOT 1 residual effect of pesticide residual effects of pesticides residual value residue laboratory Residue management Resilience resistance resistance genes resistance screening resource assessment Resource use efficiency resources Response surface methodology Resseliella theobaldi Result-Based Management return model Reverse-transcribing viruses Reversion review Rhamphicarpa Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhizotrons Rhodesian sleeping sickness Rhododendron ponticum rhopalomyia longicauda rice rice blast rice brown planthopper rice cultivation rice farming rice husk ash rice marketing rice milling rice production rice quality rice stem borer rice threshing rice value rice vampire weed Rice Vampireweed Rice varieties Rickettsia risk risk assessment Risk management risk matrix risk warning Risk-contingent credit river discharges riverine tsetse flies RNA-Seq RNAseq Roche 454 rodent rodent control rodent damage Rodent ecology rodent outbreaks rodent-human interactions rodents Rolling circle amplification Romania root root and tuber crops root aphids Root carbon:nitrogen ratio root damage root dry matter biomass root knot nematode root latex root to shoot communication Root turn over root-knot nematodes Roots rotenoids Rothamsted suction trap routeway RT-PCR RT-qPCR rubber Rubisco enzyme runoff rural rural advisory services rural appraisal rural areas rural communities rural development rural economy rural economy and land use programme rural employment Rural innovation rural land use rural livelihoods rural urban interdependence Russia Russian Commonwealth Rwanda S)-2 safety Sahel Sahlbergella singularis salid phase extraction salt sample application sampling sampling plans Sandflies Sanitary sanitation Sapindaceae sapodilla saponins Sargassum muticum satellite scaling Scapanes Scapanes australis Scarabaeidae scenario modelling scenario planning scenarios Schistocerca gregaria Scirpophaga incertulas SCM screening screwworm Scutelleridae Scutellonema bradys sea-shipment seafood seasonal abundance seasonal cycles seasonal environments seasonal food deficits seasonal poverty traps seasonal variation seaweed secondary benefit Secondary compounds securidaca security seed seed bank seed gums seed kernels seed management seed production seed quality seed store seed systems Seed yam seed-saving seedling Seedlings Segregating population selection selection criteria Selenoprotein synthesis Self-sufficiency Seminar roots semiochemical trap semiochemicals Semiparametric estimation Senegal Senesecent Sweetening sensory ecology sensory evaluation Sensory evaluation sensory profile Sensory quality Sensory Systems sentinel animals Sequence diversity Sequencing Serengeti Serine recombinase serotype Sesamia inferens Sesquiterpenes set bagnet sex attractant sex pheromone shade coffee Shade-trees Shannon diversity index shea butter shea nut Shea oil sheep shelf-life shoot dry matter biomass shrimp shrimp farming shrimping sibling species Simple Sequence Repeat markers simulation model Simuliidae Simulium damnosum Simulium damnosum complex Simulium sanctipauli Simulium sirbanum Simulium soubrense Simulium squamosum Simulium squamosum E Simulium yahense single nucleotide polymorphisms sitophilus Sitophilus oryzae Sitophilus zeamais skinadhesion skins slash-and-burn sleeping sickness sliding bifurcation sliding homoclinic orbit Slovenia small and medium-scale enterprise small enterprises small farm small farms small scale farmers Small Scale Fisheries Small scale producers small-scale farmer small-scale farmers small-scale farming small-scale grower small-scale vegetable growers smallholder smallholder coffee farmers smallholder cultivation smallholder farmer Smallholder farmers smallholder farming smallholder grain protection smallholder storage Smallholders smallscale producers SME smoked fish Smoked/dried meat Snapdragon Social social benefits social concerns social impacts social responsibility social study social sustainability socio-economic sogatella-furcifera hemiptera soil soil and water conservation soil assessment soil classification soil conservation soil contamination Soil degradation soil erosion soil fertility soil fertility and nutrient cycling soil health soil management soil moisture Soil protection soil restoration soil water Soil water deficits soils solar solid biomass solvents Songbirds sorghum Sorghum bicolor sorghum grain storage Soroti sorption isotherm South Africa south asia southern Africa Southwark spatial autocorrelation Spatial econometric models with missing data spatial scale spatial variation spatially explicit specialization Specialized pollinators species species composition species richness Specific energy consumption spectral reflectance spinach Spodoptera litura (F.) spores SPOT SPS SPS Agreement SpvB protein homolog squash-blot SRI Sri Lanka SSA SSR markers Stability stable fly stack burn staffing stage structure stakeholder stakeholder analysis stakeholder world views standards staple food steam-volatile oils stem base damage stemborers Sternbergia sicula sterol Sticky trap Stochastic impact assessment Stochastic production frontier stolons stomatal closure Stomoxys storage Storage conditions storage engineering storage loss storage loss assessment storage pests storage quality Storage root chemistry storage structure storage structures storage stucture storage survey stored grain and pulses stored product pest management stored product pests stored product protection stored products strategy stratification strawberry Strawberry blossom weevil street food vendors Striga Striga asiatica Striga aspera Striga forbesii Striga hermonthica strigolactones Structural economic method structure evaluation Stylosanthes sub-sahara sub-saharan Sub-saharan Africa subsidies subsistence agriculture subsistence farmers subsistence farming substitute fuelling suction traps sugar sugar cane sugars and alcohol Sulfate-reducing bacteria sultana summer 2007 floods sun sun coffee sunflower seed Sunn Pest supply chain supply chain management supply chain mangement supply chains Surface free energy surface roughness Surveillance survey survey methodology Survival suspension burner sustainability Sustainability impact assessment Sustainability Standards sustainable sustainable agriculture Sustainable Aquaculture sustainable biocontrol solutions sustainable cities sustainable coffee production sustainable consumption sustainable crop management Sustainable development Sustainable Development Goals sustainable farming sustainable farming systems Sustainable intensification sustainable land use sustainable livelihoods sustainable livestock management sustainable non-food Sustainable production sustainable water use and management sustainablity swarms swartzia sweet potato flour sweet potato Sweet potato flour sweet potato virus sweetpotato sweetpotato breeding sweetpotato cultivar sweetpotato virus disease Sweetpotato weevil swollen shoot virus Symbiotic N2 fixation synergism synergistic interaction synthetic aperture radar synthetic lures synthetic pesticide efficacy synthetic pesticides Syria System diagnostics system dynamics System of Rice Intensification systematic review Systems Tabebuia rosea Tabora tacit knowledge tactic Tagetes erecta Tanzania tariffs Tarnished plant bug tarrifs taste enhancer TaWIR1 taxis taxonomy TBT Agreement tea techiman market Technical efficiency technology technology adoption technology transfer temperature Temperature and rainfall variability temperature control Tephrosia Tephrosia candida tephrosia vogelii Teretrius nigrescens Terminalia amazonia Texture The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Theobroma cacao Theory of planned Behaviour thin layer chromatography thin-layer chromatography Thjileria Parva threshing Threshold condition Thrips thrips (Thrips tabaci) Tigernut flour tillering timber drying Time series tindori Tithonia tobacco Togo ToLCBV-[Ban4] ToLCV-[Ban4] tolerance tomato tomato leaf curl tomato leaf curl virus Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Tortricidae tourism and fishing town Toxic nectar toxogenic fungi traceability traceability support systems tracer methods trade trade barriers traders traditional grain protectants Traditional processing training trans-disciplinary transaction cost transcription profiling transcriptional analysis transfer transformation transgenes transgenic resistance transition economies transition economy transmission transport transportation trapping Trapping bias Traps Tree diversity tree domestication tree oil tremorgen Triatoma infestans tribe Swartzieae trichromacy triglyceride Triticum aestivum tritrophic TROPAG tropic tropical tropical agriculture tropical climate tropical countries Tropical crops tropical food tropical fruit tropical hardwoods tropical oilseeds tropical rainforest tropical seed storage tropics true retention Trypanosoma Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense Trypanosomatid trypanosomiasis tsetse tsetse control tsetse flies tsetse fly tuber tuna tungro-bacilliform virus tungsten accumulation Tunnel dryer turbulence Turbulence directionality cues TYLCV TYLCV-Is typology UCBSV Uganda Uganda marketing Ugandan National Sweetpotato Program (UNSP) UK UK food system UK import UK market Ukraine ultra-structural modifications UML uncertainty Under-nutrition under-utilised crops United Kingdom Upland rice urban food systems Urban water utilization Utz Certified Vaccination vaccine development value addition value chain value chain analysis value chains value determination vanillin Vanuatu varietal attributes varieties variety Vector vector behaviour Vector biology vector control vector transmission vector-borne disease Vectors Arbovirus vegetable vegetables vegetation Vernonia vertebrate pests vertical insect movement vibrational signals Vietnam Vigna unguiculata Village chickens village planning Viphya plateau Viroid virology virtual closed network virtual private network virulence virus disease virus diversity virus induced gene silencing virus infection virus isolates virus resistance virus retention Virus transmission virus vector viruses vitamin A vitamin A activity vitamin A deficiencies vitamin A deficiency Vitis vinifera volatile compounds volatilization Volta Volterra’s principle Voluntary Sustainability Standards volunteers vulnerability warehouse management warrantage Warsaw waste water water activity water cloud model water harnessing Water management Water productivity water relations Water repellency Water resources Water storage water stress water supply Water yam flour Water-saving water-soluble gums Wealth weather web application weed weed biology Weed competition weed control weed control. herbicide tolerant rice weed ecology Weed infestation weed management weed suppression Weed suppressive ability (WSA) Weed-suppressive ability weeding weeds weevil weight change Weight gain weight loss West Africa Wetlands wheat Wheat flour white shrimp white-backed planthopper whitefly whitefly vector whitefly-transmitted crinivirus Wicked problems Wild Cabbage Wild species wildlife migratory routes willingness to pay wind wind force wind load wind tunnel bioassay windborne migration winter wheat witchweed Wittig reaction Wolbachia Wolbachia phages Women wood burning wood cement wood wool world trade wound-healing WTO Xanthomonas citri [=X. axonopodis] pv. citri Xylotrechus arvicola Xylotrechus quadripes yam yam cultivar yellow dwarf virus yellow mosaic virus yellow mottle virus yellow stemborer yellow vein mosaic virus Yield gap yield loss Yield related traits yield response Yield sensitivity YMV young people Z Z)-3 Zambia Zanha africana Zanzibar Zea mays zearalenone Zimbabwe Zoonosis zoophagic zoophilic zooprophylaxis β-1 β-carotene β-tubulin gene sequence ‘fufu’ flight altitude
Number of items at this level: 5245.

'NASPOT 11'

Mwanga, Robert O.M., Niringiye, Charles, Alajo, Agnes, Kigozi, Benjamin, Namukula, Joweria, Mpembe, Isaac, Tumwegamire, Silver, Gibson, Richard W. and Yencho, G. Craig (2011) 'NASPOT 11', a sweetpotato cultivar bred by a participatory plant-breeding approach in Uganda. HortScience, 46 (2). pp. 317-321. ISSN 0018-5345

(2R

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

(2S

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

(3Z • 6Z • 9Z)-heneicosatriene

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

(3Z • 6Z)-cis-9

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

(CMD)

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

(EACMV)

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

(OFSP)

Arimond, Mary, Ball, Anna‐Marie, Bechoff, Aurelie, Bosch, Diane, Brauw, Alan, Coote, Claire, Dove, Richard, Eozenou, Patrick, Gilligan, Dan, Hotz, Christine, Kumar, Neha, Labarta, Ricardo, Loechl, Cornelia, Low, Jan, Magezi, Sylvia, Massingue, Jaquelino, Meenakshi, J.V., Moursi, Mourad, Musoke, Charles, Namanda, Sam, Nsubuga, Harriet, Okwadi, Juliues, Tomlins, Keith, Wamaniala, Martin and Westby, Andrew (2010) Reaching and engaging end users (REU): orange fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) in East and Southern Africa. Project Report. HarvestPlus / Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Washington, DC, USA.

(R)-2-nonyl butyrate

Rowley, Charlotte, Cherrill, Andrew J., Leather, Simon R., Hall, David R. and Pope, Tom W. (2017) Factors affecting trap catch in pheromone-based monitoring of saddle gall midge Haplodiplosis marginata (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Pest Management Science. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4721)

Rowley, Charlotte, Pope, Tom W., Cherrill, Andrew, Leather, Simon R., Fernandez-Grandon, G. Mandela and Hall, David R. (2017) Development and optimisation of a sex pheromone lure for monitoring populations of saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 163 (1). pp. 82-92. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12560)

(R)-3-hydroxy-2-hexanone

Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Alvaro, Sanchez-Maillo, Esteban, Pelaez, Horacio J., Gonzalez-Nunez, Manuel, Hall, David R. and Casquero, Pedro A. (2017) Field evaluation of 3-hydroxy-2-hexanone and ethanol as attractants for the cerambycid beetle pest of vineyards, Xylotrechus arvicola. Pest Management Science, 73 (8). pp. 1598-1603. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4491)

(S

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

(S )-2-hydroxy-3-decanone

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

(Z

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

(Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

10-epoxyheneicosadiene

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

11-tetradecadienyl acetate

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

12

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

15-pentacosapentaene

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

15N natural abundance method

Büchi, Lucie, Gebhard, Claude-Alain, Liebisch, Frank, Sinaj, Sokrat, Ramseier, Hans and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Accumulation of biologically fixed nitrogen by legumes cultivated as cover crops in Switzerland. Plant and Soil, 393 (1-2). pp. 163-175. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2476-7)

2-acetoxy-5-undecanone

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-acetoxyundecane

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-undecanol

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-undecanone

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-Undecyloxy-1-ethanol

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

3 dihydroxyoctane

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

3-Glucanase

Glowacz, Marcin, Roets, Nico and Sivakumar, Dharini (2017) Control of anthracnose disease via increased activity of defence related enzymes in ‘Hass’ avocado fruit treated with methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate. Food Chemistry, 234. pp. 163-167. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.04.063)

3-hydroxy-2-decanone

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

6

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

8Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

8Z)-2-butyroxy-8-heptadecene(2S

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

8Z)-8-heptadecen-2-ol

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

9

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

[beta]-amylase

Dziedzoave, N.T., Graffham, A.J., Westby, A., Otoo, J. and Komlaga, G. (2010) Influence of variety and growth environment on β-amylase activity of flour from sweet potato (Ipomea batatas). Food Control, 21 (2). pp. 162-165. ISSN 0956-7135 (doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.05.005)

AB SOLiD

Visendi, Paul, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2013) Next generation sequencing and germplasm resources. Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources. Springer, Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 369-390. ISBN 978-9400775718 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7572-5_15)

above-ground store

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

above-ground–below-ground interactions

Dudenhöffer, Jan-Hendrik, Ebeling, Anne, Klein, Alexandra-Maria and Wagg, Cameron (2017) Beyond biomass: Soil feedbacks are transient over plant life stages and alter fitness. Journal of Ecology, 106 (1). pp. 230-241. ISSN 0022-0477 (Print), 1365-2745 (Online) (doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12870)

Aboveground biomass

Wendling, Marina, Büchi, Lucie, Amossé, Camille, Sinaj, Sokrat, Walter, Achim and Charles, Raphaël (2016) Influence of root and leaf traits on the uptake of nutrients in cover crops. Plant and Soil, 409 (1-2). pp. 419-434. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-016-2974-2)

abscisic acid

Else, Mark A., Janowiak, Franciszek, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Jackson, Michael B. (2009) Root signals and stomatal closure in relation to photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence and adventitious rooting of flooded tomato plants. Annals of Botany, 103 (2). pp. 313-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcn208)

Trejo, Carlos, Else, Mark A. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) Responses of seminal wheat seedling roots to soil water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology. ISSN 0176-1617 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2018.03.002)

Trejo, Carlos, Else, Mark A. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) Responses of seminal wheat seedling roots to soil water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology. ISSN 0176-1617 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2018.03.002)

Trejo, Carlos, Else, Mark A. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) Responses of seminal wheat seedling roots to soil water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology. ISSN 0176-1617 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2018.03.002)

abstracts

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Acanthoscelides obtectus

Stathers, Tanya, Denniff, M. and Golob, P. (2004) The efficacy and persistence of diatomaceous earths admixed with commodity against four tropical stored product beetle pests. Journal of Stored Products Research, 40 (1). pp. 113-123. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/S0022-474X(02)00083-8)

ACC synthase

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

acceptance

Kindossi, J.M., Akpo-Djenontin, O.O.D., Anihouvi, V.B., Akissoé, N., Declemy, A.L., Vieira-Dalodé, G., Tomlins, K., Pallet, D. and Hounhouigan, J.D. (2013) Sensory evaluation and consumer acceptability of an African fish based flavouring agent and taste enhancer. Indian Journal of Applied Research, 3 (8). pp. 62-66. ISSN 2249-555X (doi:10.15373/2249555X)

access

Kleih, Ulrich, Kergna, Alpha O. and Sanogo, Ousmane (1999) Community access to marketing opportunities: options for remote areas. Mali case study (NRI report no. 2470). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Access to credit

Shee, Apurba, Turvey, Calum G. and Woodard, Joshua (2015) A field study for assessing risk-contingent credit for Kenyan pastoralists and dairy farmers. Agricultural Finance Review, 75 (3). pp. 330-348. ISSN 0002-1466 (doi:10.1108/AFR-07-2015-0030)

access to markets

Nakhumwa, Candida (2015) Smallholder market access: the case of groundnut sector in Malawi. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Acetylcholinesterase

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

Aconitum

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

acoustic behaviour

Simões, P. M. V., Ingham, R., Gibson, G. and Russell, I. J. (2018) Masking of an auditory behaviour reveals how male mosquitoes use distortion to detect females. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285 (1871):20171862. ISSN 0962-8452 (Print), 1471-2954 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.1862)

ACS1

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

Actellic Super Dust

Golob, P., Marsland, N., Nyambo, B., Mutambuki, K., Moshy, A., Kasalile, E.C., Tran, B.H.M., Birkinshaw, L. and Day, R. (1999) Coping strategies adopted by small-scale farmers in Tanzania and Kenya to counteract problems caused by storage pests, particularly the Larger Grain Borer. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

action learning

Liwenga, Emma, Swai, Elirehema, Nsemwa, Lebai, Katunzi, Alphonce, Gwambene, Brown, Joshua, Miriam, Chipungu, Felistus, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2012) Exploring urban rural interdependence and the impact of climate change in Tanzania and Malawi: final narrative report. Project Report. International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Ottawa, Canada.

Action research

Krupnik, Timothy J., Shennan, Carol, Settle, William H., Demont, Matty, Ndiaye, Alassane B. and Rodenburg, Jonne (2012) Improving irrigated rice production in the Senegal River Valley through experiential learning and innovation. Agricultural Systems, 109. pp. 101-112. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2012.01.008)

Acyrthosiphon pisum

Bouvaine, Sophie, Behmer, Spencer T., Lin, George G., Faure, Marie-Line, Grebenok, Robert J. and Douglas, Angela E. (2012) The physiology of sterol nutrition in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58 (11). pp. 1383-1389. ISSN 0022-1910 (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.07.014)

adaptation

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Eakin, Hallie, Bojórquez-Tapia, Luis A., Diaz, Rafael Monterde, Castellanos, Edwin and Haggar, Jeremy (2011) Adaptive capacity and social-environmental change: Theoretical and operational modeling of smallholder coffee systems response in Mesoamerican Pacific Rim. Environmental Management, 47 (3). pp. 352-367. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9603-2)

Ewert, F., Rötter, R.P., Bindi, M., Webber, H., Trnka, M., Kersebaum, K.C., Olesen, J.E., van Ittersum, M.K., Janssen, S., Rivington, M., Semenov, M.A., Wallach, D., Porter, J.R., Stewart, D., Verhagen, J., Gaiser, T., Palosuo, T., Tao, F., Nendel, C., Roggero, P.P., Bartošová, L. and Asseng, S. (2015) Crop modelling for integrated assessment of risk to food production from climate change. Environmental Modelling & Software, 72. pp. 287-303. ISSN 1364-8152 (doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.12.003)

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

Lamboll, Richard, Stathers, Tanya and Morton, John (2017) Climate change and agricultural systems. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 441-490. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00013-X)

López-i-Gelats, Feliu, Fraser, Evan D.G., Morton, John F. and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2016) What drives the vulnerability of pastoralists to global environmental change? A qualitative meta-analysis. Global Environmental Change, 39. pp. 258-274. ISSN 0959-3780 (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.011)

Morton, John (2014) Agricultural adaptations: social context and complexity. In: Palutikof, JP, Boulter, SL, Barnett, J and Rissik, D, (eds.) Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 119-121. ISBN 978-1-118-84501-1

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton (2013) Post-harvest agriculture in a changing climate. Rural 21: The International Journal for Rural Development, 47 (4). pp. 12-14. ISSN 1866-8011

adaptation to climate change

Liwenga, Emma, Swai, Elirehema, Nsemwa, Lebai, Katunzi, Alphonce, Gwambene, Brown, Joshua, Miriam, Chipungu, Felistus, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2012) Exploring urban rural interdependence and the impact of climate change in Tanzania and Malawi: final narrative report. Project Report. International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Ottawa, Canada.

adaptive capacity

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

adaptive resource management

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

adhesion strength

Ermis, E., Farnish, R.J., Berry, R.J. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2011) Centrifugal tester versus a novel design to measure particle adhesion strength and investigation of effect of physical characteristics (size, shape, density) of food particles on food surfaces. Journal of Food Engineering, 104 (4). pp. 518-524. ISSN 0260-8774 (doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2011.01.008)

Adoption

Lalani, Baqir, Dorward, Peter, Holloway, Garth and Wauters, Erwin (2016) Smallholder farmers' motivations for using Conservation Agriculture and the roles of yield, labour and soil fertility in decision making. Agricultural Systems, 146. pp. 80-90. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2016.04.002)

Posthumus, H., Pound, B., Andrieu, N. and Triomphe, B. (2011) Enhancing adoption of conservation agriculture practices through co-innovation platforms in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 Sep 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

adoption and dissemination or diffusion of technology

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2013) Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review. Crop Protection, 56. pp. 98-108. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2013.11.017)

adventitious roots

Else, Mark A., Janowiak, Franciszek, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Jackson, Michael B. (2009) Root signals and stomatal closure in relation to photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence and adventitious rooting of flooded tomato plants. Annals of Botany, 103 (2). pp. 313-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcn208)

Advisory services

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

advocacy

Marr, Ana (2008) FARM-Africa South Africa Northern Cape land reform and advocacy programme 2004-2008: final evaluation. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

aerial sampling

Reynolds, Don R., Nau, Bernard S. and Chapman, Jason W. (2013) High-altitude migration of Heteroptera in Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 110 (3). pp. 483-492. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2013.064)

aerial spraying

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

Aerial trapping studies

Wainwright, Charlotte E., Stepanian, Phillip M., Reynolds, Don R. and Reynolds, Andy M. (2017) The movement of small insects in the convective boundary layer: linking patterns to processes. Scientific Reports, 7 (1):5438. pp. 1-8. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-017-04503-0)

aerobiology

West, J.S. and Burt, Peter (2008) Applied aspects of aerobiology. Aspects of Applied Biology, 89. i-88. ISSN 0265-1491

affective test

De Groote, Hugo, Gunaratna, Nilupa S., Okuro, James O., Wondimu, Asrat, Chege, Christine K. and Tomlins, Keith (2014) Consumer acceptance of quality protein maize (QPM) in East Africa. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94 (15). pp. 3201-3212. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6672)

Aflatoxin

Black, Robert (2013) A Guide to the Development of Regulatory Frameworks for Microbial Biopesticides in Southern Africa. Manual. AATF, Nairobi.

Bradburn, N., Coker, R.D., Jewers, K. and Tomlins, K.I. (1990) Evaluation of the ability of different concentrations of aqueous acetone, aqueous methanol and aqueous acetone: Methanol (1∶1) to extract aflatoxin from naturally contaminated maize. Chromatographia, 29 (9-10). pp. 435-440. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02261390)

Martin, P.M.D. and Gilman, G.A. (1976) A consideration of the mycotoxin hypothesis with special reference to the mycoflora of maize, sorghum, wheat and groundnuts (G105). Discussion Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

Omohimi, C., Piccirillo, C., Ferraro, V., Roriz Costa, M., Omemu, A. M., Dias Santos, S. M., Da Ressurreição, S., Abayomi, L., Adebowale, A. A., De Vasconcelos, M. W., Obadina, A. O., Sanni, L. O. and Pintado, M. M. (2017) Effect of processing and post-processing conditions on the safety of traditional yam-derived (Dioscorea spp.) foodstuff in Nigeria – A case study. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (In Press)

Tomlins, K.I., Jewers, K. and Coker, R.D. (1989) Evaluation of non-polar bonded-phases for the clean-up of maize extracts prior to aflatoxin assay by HPTLC. Chromatographia, 27 (1-2). pp. 67-70. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02290408)

Tomlins, K.I., Jewers, K., Coker, R.D. and Nagler, M.J. (1989) A bi-directional HPTLC development method for the detection of low levels of aflatoxin in maize extracts. Chromatographia, 27 (1-2). pp. 49-52. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02290404)

aflatoxin determination

Bradburn, N., Jewers, K., Jones, B.D. and Tomlins, K.I. (1989) Rapid method for the clean-up of extracts of cottonseed prior to aflatoxin determination by bi-directional HPTLC. Chromatographia, 28 (11-12). pp. 541-544. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02260673)

aflatoxins

Coker, R.D., Jewers, K., Tomlins, K.I. and Blunden, G. (1988) Evaluation of instrumentation used for high performance thin-layer chromatography of aflatoxins. Chromatographia, 25 (10). pp. 875-880. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02311421)

Africa

Adams, J.M. (1976) A guide to the objective and reliable estimation of food losses in small scale farmer storage. Tropical Stored Products Information, 32. pp. 5-12. ISSN 0564-3325

Adenle, Ademola A., Ford, James D., Morton, John, Twomlow, Stephen, Alverson, Keith, Cattaneo, Andrea, Cervigni, Rafaello, Kurukulasuriya, Pradeep, Huq, Saleemul, Helfgott, Ariella and Ebinger, Jane O. (2017) Managing climate change risks in Africa - A global perspective. Ecological Economics, 141. pp. 190-201. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.06.004)

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren, Morton, John F. and Muchaba, Tabitha (2018) Rainfall variability and drought characteristics in two agro-climatic zones: An assessment of climate change challenges in Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 630. pp. 728-737. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.196)

Baker, A.A. and Taylor, R.W.D. (1974) A review of the fumigation of railtrucks during transit in East Africa. Tropical Stored Products Information, 26. pp. 17-32. ISSN 0564-3325

Belmain, S.R., Haggar, J., Holt, J. and Stevenson, P.C. (2013) Managing legume pests in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects for improving food security and nutrition through agro-ecological intensification. [Working Paper]

Bennett, Ben (2006) Natural products: the new engine for African trade growth. Technical Report. Regional Trade Facilitation Programme / Natural Resources Institute.

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Boxall, Robin, Golob, Peter and Taylor, Robert (1997) Pest management in farm granaries: with special reference to Africa. [Working Paper]

Bugri, John Tiah (2005) Land tenure and sustainable livelihoods in north-east Ghana. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

Digges, P., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1997) International markets for African agricultural exports: agricultural policy reform and agricultural exports (NRI Marketing Series 10). [Working Paper]

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

Geddes, A.M.W. (1990) The relative importance of crop pests in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 36). [Working Paper]

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Prevalence and genetic diversity of endosymbiotic bacteria infecting cassava whiteflies in Africa. BMC Microbiology, 15 (1):93. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2180 (Print), 1471-2180 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12866-015-0425-5)

Gibson, Richard W. (2006) Working with farmers to control sweet potato virus disease in East Africa. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 28-30. ISBN 0954645278

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus): Is there a case for further crop improvement? Euphytica, 186 (3). pp. 647-654. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-012-0702-4)

Hodges, Richard and Stathers, Tanya (2012) Training manual for improving grain postharvest handling and storage prepared. UN World Food Programme / Natural Resources Institute, Rome - Italy.

Johnson, Jean-Martial, Rodenburg, Jonne, Tanka, Atsuko, Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu, Ahouanton, Kokou, Dieng, Ibnou, Klotoe, Agossou, Akakpo, Cyriaque, Segda, Zachary, Yameogo, Louis P., Gbakatchetche, Henri, Acheampong, George E K., Bam, Ralph K., Bakare, Oladele S., Kalisa, Alain, Gasore, Elie R., Ani, Sékou, Ablede, Komlan and Saito, Kazuki (2018) Farmers' perceptions on mechanical weeders for rice production in sub-Saharan Africa. Experimental Agriculture. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0014-4797 (Print), 1469-4441 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1017/S001447971700059X)

Kaswamila, Abiud Lucas (2006) Evaluation of rural land-use plans in protected area bio-networks in northeastern Tanzania. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Kleih, Ulrich (1997) Economic model of coconut based farming systems. A guide. Manual. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Kergna, Alpha O. and Sanogo, Ousmane (1999) Community access to marketing opportunities: options for remote areas. Mali case study (NRI report no. 2470). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Linton, John, Marr, Ana, Mactaggart, Murdoch, Naziri, Diego and Orchard, John E. (2012) Financial services for small and medium-scale aquaculture and fisheries producers. Marine Policy, 37. pp. 106-114. ISSN 0308-597X (doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.006)

Legge, Alan, Orchard, John, Graffham, Andy, Greenhalgh, Peter and Kleih, Ulrich (2006) The production of fresh produce in Africa for export to the United Kingdom: mapping different value chains. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Bouvaine, Sophie, Tufan, Hale A., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Hillocks, Rory J. (2014) Transcriptional response of virus-infected cassava and identification of putative sources of resistance for cassava brown streak disease. PLoS ONE, 9 (5):e96642. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096642)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012:795697. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Najjingo Mangheni, Margaret, Ekirikubinza-Tibatemwa, Lillian and Forsythe, Lora (2010) Gender issues in agricultural education within African universities. Discussion Paper. Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), Kampala, Uganda.

Namanda, Sam, Gibson, Richard and Sindi, Kirimi (2011) Sweetpotato seed systems in Uganda, Tanzania, and Rwanda. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 35 (8). pp. 870-884. ISSN 1044-0046 (Print), 1540-7578 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10440046.2011.590572)

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Nhamo, Nhamo, Rodenburg, Jonne, Zenna, Negussie, Makombe, Godswill and Luzi-Kihupi, Ashura (2014) Narrowing the rice yield gap in East and Southern Africa: Using and adapting existing technologies. Agricultural Systems, 131. pp. 45-55. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.08.003)

Patil, Basavaprabu L., Ogwok, Emmanuel, Wagaba, Henry, Mohammed, Ibrahim U., Yadav, Jitender S., Bagewadi, Basavaraj, Taylor, Nigel J., Kreuze, Jan F., Maruthi, M.N., Alicai, Titus and Fauquet, Claude M. (2010) RNAi-mediated resistance to diverse isolates belonging to two virus species involved in Cassava brown streak disease. Molecular Plant Pathology, 12 (1). pp. 31-41. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00650.x)

Posthumus, H., Pound, B., Andrieu, N. and Triomphe, B. (2011) Enhancing adoption of conservation agriculture practices through co-innovation platforms in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 Sep 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

Priebe, Jan and Tran, Bruno (2015) Mobile for Postharvest Management: Investigating the opportunity of low-cost communication technologies for professional warehouse management. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Postharvest Loss Prevention. ADM Institute for the Prevention of Postharvest Loss, Rome.

Rodenburg, J. and Johnson, D. E. (2009) Weed management in rice‐based cropping systems in Africa. Advances in Agronomy, 103. pp. 149-218. ISSN 0065-2113 (doi:10.1016/s0065-2113(09)03004-1)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert and Kropff, Martin J. (2006) Characterization of host tolerance to Striga hermonthica. Euphytica, 147 (3). pp. 353-365. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-005-9030-2)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert, Weltzien, Eva and Hess, Dale E. (2004) How can field selection for Striga resistance and tolerance in sorghum be improved? Field Crops Research, 93 (1). pp. 34-50. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2004.09.004)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Cissoko, Mamadou, Kayeke, Juma, Dieng, Ibnou, Khan, Zeyaur R., Midega, Charles A.O., Onyuka, Enos A. and Scholes, Julie D. (2014) Do NERICA rice cultivars express resistance to Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth. and Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze under field conditions? Field Crops Research, 170. pp. 83-94. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2014.10.010)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Demont, Matty, Zwart, Sander J. and Bastiaans, Lammert (2016) Parasitic weed incidence and related economic losses in rice in Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 235. pp. 306-317. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2016.10.020)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

Saito, K., Azoma, K. and Rodenburg, J. (2010) Plant characteristics associated with weed competitiveness of rice under upland and lowland conditions in West Africa. Field Crops Research, 116 (3). pp. 308-317. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2010.01.008)

Sumberg, James, Anyidoho, Nana Akua, Leavy, Jennifer, te Lintelo, Dolf J.H. and Wellard, Kate (2012) Introduction: the young people and agriculture ‘problem’ in Africa. IDS Bulletin, 43 (6). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0265-5012 (Print), 1759-5436 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1759-5436.2012.00374.x)

Taylor, Peter J., Downs, Sarah, Monadjem, Ara, Eiseb, Seth J., Mulungu, Loth S., Massawe, Apia W., Mahlaba, Themb’a A., Kirsten, Frikkie, Von Maltitz, Emil, Malebane, Phanuel, Makundi, Rhodes H., Lamb, Jennifer and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Experimental treatment-control studies of ecologically based rodent management in Africa: balancing conservation and pest management. Wildlife Research, 39 (1). pp. 51-61. ISSN 1035-3712 (Print), 1448-5494 (Online) (doi:10.1071/WR11111)

Warren, G.P. (1992) Fertilizer phosphorus: sorption and residual value in tropical African soils (NRI Bulletin 37). [Working Paper]

Wellard, Kate, Rafanomezana, Jenny, Nyirenda, Mahara, Okotel, Misaki and Subbey, Vincent (2013) A review of community extension approaches to innovation for improved livelihoods in Ghana, Uganda and Malawi. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 19 (1). pp. 21-35. ISSN 1389-224X (Print), 1750-8622 (Online) (doi:10.1080/1389224X.2012.714712)

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

Wopereis, Marco C.S., Diagne, Aliou, Rodenburg, Jonne, Sié, Moussa and Somado, Eklou A. (2008) Why NERICA is a successful innovation for African farmers. Outlook on Agriculture, 37 (3). pp. 169-176. ISSN 0030-7270 (Print), 2043-6866 (Online) (doi:10.5367/000000008785915502)

Zorya, Sergiy, Morgan, Nancy, Diaz Rios, Luz, Hodges, Rick, Bennett, Ben, Stathers, Tanya, Mwebaze, Paul and Lamb, John (2011) Missing food: the case of postharvest grain losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Technical Report. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, Washington DC, USA.

African agriculture

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

African crop pests

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

African diatomaceous earths

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

African export

Digges, P., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1997) International markets for African agricultural exports: agricultural policy reform and agricultural exports (NRI Marketing Series 10). [Working Paper]

African farming

Stevenson, Philip C., Isman, Murray B. and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Pesticidal plants in Africa: a global vision of new biological control products from local uses. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 2-9. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.034)

african soil

Warren, G.P. (1992) Fertilizer phosphorus: sorption and residual value in tropical African soils (NRI Bulletin 37). [Working Paper]

African supply chain

Orchard, John, Chancellor, Timothy, Denton, Roy, Fall, Amadou Abdoulaye and Jaeger, Peter (2013) Annex 1. Vol. 2 of Growing Africa: Unlocking the potential of agribusiness. Project Report. The World Bank, Washington D.C., USA.

African Trypanosomiasis

Omolo, Maurice O., Hassanali, Ahmed, Mpiana, Serge, Esterhuizen, Johan, Lindh, Jenny, Lehane, Mike J., Solano, Philippe, Rayaisse, Jean Baptiste, Vale, Glyn A., Torr, Steve J. and Tirados, Inaki (2009) Prospects for developing odour baits to control Glossina fuscipes spp., the major vector of human African Trypanosomiasis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 3 (5). e435. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000435)

African Yam Bean

Nnamani, Catherine Veronica, Ajayi, Sunday Adesola, Oselebe, Happiness Ogba, Atkinson, Christopher John, Igboabuchi, Anastasia Ngozi and Ezigbo, Eucharia Chizoba (2017) Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., a fading genetic resource in a changing climate: Prerequisite for conservation and sustainability. Plants, 6 (3):30. ISSN 2223-7747 (Print), 2223-7747 (Online) (doi:10.3390/plants6030030)

Ageratum conyzoides

Rioba, Naomi B. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Ageratum conyzoides L. for the management of pests and diseases by small holder farmers. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 22-29. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.068)

aggregation pheromone

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

Rochat, Didier, Morin, Jean-Paul, Kakul, Titus, Beaudoin-Ollivier, Laurence, Prior, Robert, Renou, Michel, Malosse, Isabelle, Stathers, Tanya, Empuba, Sebastian and Laup, Samson (2002) Activity of male pheromone of Melanesian Rhinoceros Beetle Scapanes australis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 28 (3). pp. 479-500. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1014531810037)

agrarian societies

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

agrarian transitions

Sumberg, James, Anyidoho, Nana Akua, Leavy, Jennifer, te Lintelo, Dolf J.H. and Wellard, Kate (2012) Introduction: the young people and agriculture ‘problem’ in Africa. IDS Bulletin, 43 (6). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0265-5012 (Print), 1759-5436 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1759-5436.2012.00374.x)

Agri-environmental monitoring

Buchi, Lucie, Valsangiacomo, Alain, Burel, Enguerrand and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Integrating simulation data from a crop model in the development of an agri-environmental indicator for soil cover in Switzerland. European Journal of Agronomy, 76. pp. 149-159. ISSN 1161-0301 (Print), 1873-7331 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2015.11.004)

agri-food

Sumberg, James, Anyidoho, Nana Akua, Leavy, Jennifer, te Lintelo, Dolf J.H. and Wellard, Kate (2012) Introduction: the young people and agriculture ‘problem’ in Africa. IDS Bulletin, 43 (6). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0265-5012 (Print), 1759-5436 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1759-5436.2012.00374.x)

agribusiness

Orchard, John, Chancellor, Timothy, Denton, Roy, Fall, Amadou Abdoulaye and Jaeger, Peter (2013) Annex 1. Vol. 2 of Growing Africa: Unlocking the potential of agribusiness. Project Report. The World Bank, Washington D.C., USA.

Agribusiness investment

Koechlin, Lucy, Quan, Julian and Mulukutla, Hari (2016) LEGEND Analytical Paper 1: Tackling corruption in land governance. [Working Paper]

agricultural commodities

Coote, Claire, Gordon, Ann and Marter, Alan (2000) International trade in agricultural commodities: liberalization and its implications for development and poverty reduction in the ACP states (NRI Policy Series 5). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-518 0

agricultural concerns

Sumberg, James, Anyidoho, Nana Akua, Leavy, Jennifer, te Lintelo, Dolf J.H. and Wellard, Kate (2012) Introduction: the young people and agriculture ‘problem’ in Africa. IDS Bulletin, 43 (6). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0265-5012 (Print), 1759-5436 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1759-5436.2012.00374.x)

agricultural development

King, R.B., Pratt, J.H., Warner, M.P. and Zisman, S.A. (1993) Agricultural development prospects in Belize (NRI Bulletin 48). [Working Paper]

agricultural distortions

Tedesco, Ilaria, Pelloni, Alessandra and Trovato, Giovanni (2015) OECD agricultural subsidies and poverty rates in lower income countries. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics, 3 (2). pp. 31-49. ISSN 2147-8988 (Print), 2149-3766 (Online)

agricultural export

Digges, P., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1997) International markets for African agricultural exports: agricultural policy reform and agricultural exports (NRI Marketing Series 10). [Working Paper]

agricultural extension

Posthumus, Helena, Gardebroek, Cornelis and Ruben, Ruerd (2010) From participation to adoption: Comparing the effectiveness of soil conservation programs in the Peruvian Andes. Land Economics, 86 (4). pp. 645-667. ISSN 0023-7639 (Print), 1543-8325 (Online)

agricultural extension services

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

agricultural fields

Monadjem, Ara, Mahlaba, Themb'a, Dlamini, Nomfundo, Eiseb, Seth J., Belmain, Steven R., Mulungu, Loth S., Massawe, Apia W., Makundi, Rhodes H., Mohr, Katrine and Taylor, Peter J. (2011) Impact of crop cycle on movement patterns of pest rodent species between fields and houses in Africa. Wildlife Research, 38 (7). pp. 603-609. ISSN 1035-3712 (Print), 1448-5494 (Online) (doi:10.1071/WR10130)

agricultural health

Outhwaite, Opi (2004) Aspects of biosecurity regulation in Belize. In: University of Greenwich Annual Postgraduate Conference, May 2004, University of Greenwich, London, UK. (Unpublished)

Outhwaite, Opi, Black, Robert and Laycock, Angela (2004) Reflections on the regulation of health and environmental protection in Belize: the Pesticides Control Board. In: Socio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference 2004, 2004, University of Glasgow, UK. (Unpublished)

agricultural innovation

Lalani, Baqir, Al-Eter, Bassil, Kassam, Shinan N., Bapoo, Amyn and Kassam, Amir (2018) Potential for conservation agriculture in the dry marginal zone of central Syria: A preliminary assessment. Sustainability, 10. ISSN 2071-1050 (Online) (doi:10.3390/su10020518)

agricultural innovation systems

Mvumi, Brighton M., Morris, Mike, Stathers, Tanya E. and Riwa, William (2008) Doing things differently: post-harvest innovation learning alliances in Tanzania and Zimbabwe. In: Sanginga, Pascal C., Waters-Bayer, Ann, Kaaria, Susan, Njuki, Jemimah and Wettasinha, Chesha, (eds.) Innovation Africa: Enriching farmers' livelihoods. Routledge, London, UK, pp. 186-202. ISBN 9781844076710

Pound, Barry (2007) Widening the definition of capacity to respond to the innovations systems approach. In: RUFORUM Biennial Conference on Building Scientific and Technical Capacity through Graduate Training and Agricultural Research in African Universities, 23-27 April 2007, Sun ‘N’ Sand Hotel, Malawi. (Unpublished)

agricultural innovation systems (AIS)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Schut, Marc, Demont, Matty, Klerkx, Laurens, Gbèhounou, Gualbert, Oude Lansink, Alfons, Mourits, Monique, Rotteveel, Ton, Kayeke, Juma, van Ast, Aad, Akanvou, Louise, Cissoko, Mamadou, Kamanda, Josey and Bastiaans, Lammert (2015) Systems approaches to innovation in pest management: reflections and lessons learned from an integrated research program on parasitic weeds in rice. International Journal of Pest Management, 61 (4). pp. 329-339. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2015.1066042)

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2013) Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review. Crop Protection, 56. pp. 98-108. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2013.11.017)

agricultural intensification

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

agricultural knowledge

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

agricultural management

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

Agricultural pests

Whitfield, E. Charles (2014) Floral derived compounds as attractants for agricultural pests in the family Noctuidae. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors

Mugerwa, Habibu, Seal, Susan, Wang, Hua-Ling, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Kabaalu, Richard, Omongo, Christopher A., Alicai, Titus, Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph, Sseruwagi, Peter and Colvin, John (2018) African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species. Scientific Reports, 8 (1):2734. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20956-3)

agricultural production

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

agricultural productivity

Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) How good is the evidence that soil applied biochar improves water holding capacity? Soil Use and Management. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (In Press)

Porter, John R. and Wollenweber, Bernd (2010) The Rubisco enzyme and agricultural productivity. Nature, 463 (7283). p. 876. ISSN 0028-0836 (Print), 1476-4687 (Online) (doi:10.1038/463876b)

agricultural reform

Dougnon, Isaïe, Sanogo, Siaka, Coulibaly, Bakary, Diamoutene, Abdoul Karim and Morton, John F. (2010) "Leaving farmers as orphans": agricultural privatisation and reform of farmer organisations in Mali. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

agricultural research

Chancellor, Tim, Hauser, Michael and Sarfatti, Paolo (2014) European partnerships for demand-led agricultural research and capacity development: the case of Africa. Knowledge for Development.

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) How can the poor benefit from private investment in agricultural research? A case study from Bolivia. Development in Practice, 15 (3 & 4). pp. 325-336. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614520500076043)

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) Potential mechanisms for increasing the contribution of the private sector to agricultural research, development and technology transfer in Bolivia. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Posthumus, Helena, Martin, Adrienne and Chancellor, Timothy (2013) A systematic review on the impacts of capacity strengthening of agricultural research systems for development and the conditions of success. Technical Report. Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre), Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK.

Sachdeva, Paramjit S., Edmeades, Gregory O., Mumm, Rita H., Rafalski, Antoni and Bennett, Ben (2014) Report of the final external review of the Generation Challenge Programme. Technical Report. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Rome, Italy.

Agricultural research for development (AR4D)

Schut, Marc, Klerkx, Laurens, Rodenburg, Jonne, Kayeke, Juma, Hinnou, Léonard C., Raboanarielina, Cara M., Adegbola, Patrice Y., van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (Part I). A diagnostic tool for integrated analysis of complex problems and innovation capacity. Agricultural Systems, 132. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.08.009)

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, Hinnou, Léonard C., Kayeke, Juma and Bastiaans, Lammert (2015) Participatory appraisal of institutional and political constraints and opportunities for innovation to address parasitic weeds in rice. Crop Protection, 74. pp. 158-170. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2015.04.011)

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, Kayeke, Juma, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (Part II). Integrated analysis of parasitic weed problems in rice in Tanzania. Agricultural Systems, 132. pp. 12-24. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.09.004)

agricultural residues

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

Agricultural system

Kanyama-Phiri, George, Wellard, Kate and Snapp, Sieglinde (2017) Introduction. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00001-3)

agricultural trade

Coote, Claire, Gordon, Ann and Marter, Alan (2000) International trade in agricultural commodities: liberalization and its implications for development and poverty reduction in the ACP states (NRI Policy Series 5). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-518 0

agriculture

Adolph, Barbara (2005) Learning how to do things differently: challenges in sharing tacit knowledge for agricultural and rural development (with examples from India and Namibia). In: Proceedings of the symposium on Learning Alliances for scaling up innovative approaches in the water and sanitation sector held in Delft, the Netherlands, 7-9 June 2005. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 1-10.

Bainbridge, Z., Malins, A., McGowan, G. and Blowfield, M.E. (1998) Development of tools for ethical trading of horticulture exports: preliminary consultative study (NRI report no. 2388). [Working Paper]

Bartlett, D. (2013) Knowledge transfer in the land based sector. In: Seminar & Workshop Biodiversity Knowledge - Case Study Agriculture, 17-18 Jan 2013, Paris, France. (Unpublished)

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Belay, Abrham, Recha, John W., Woldeamanuel, Teshale and Morton, John F. (2017) Smallholder farmers' adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 6 (24). ISSN 2048-7010 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40066-017-0100-1)

Black, Robert and Kireeva, Irina (2009) International biosecurity frameworks to protect biodiversity with emphasis on science and risk assessment. In: Lockie, Stewart and Carpenter, David, (eds.) Agriculture, biodiversity and markets: livelihoods and agroecology in comparative perspective. Earthscan, Abingdon, UK, pp. 77-98. ISBN 9781844077762

Blowfield, M. (1993) The allocation of labour to perennial crops. NRI Socio-economic Series, 3 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-360-9

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

Collinson, C., Crentsil, D. and Acheampong, S. (1999) Analysis of the relationship between quality and price of yam in Ghana - second round (NRI report no. 2428). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

Dasgupta, Nandini and Marter, Alan (2003) Panchayat Raj institutions and local development in Madhya Pradesh and Orissa, India: synthesis of findings and recommendations (NRI report no. 2716). [Working Paper]

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Davis, J., Bezemer, D.J., Janowski, M. and Wandschneider, T. (2004) Poverty and the rural non-farm economy in Armenia, Georgia and Romania: a synthesis of findings (NRI report no. 2773). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

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Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

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Wandschneider, Tiago and Gordon, Ann (2001) Sustainable NGO/CBO agricultural marketing initiatives. Proceedings of a workshop held at Mukono, Uganda 19-20 June, 2001. [Working Paper]

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agrifood sector

Manikas, Ioannis and Manos, Basil (2009) A review of factors affecting traceability in agrifood supply chain. International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation (IJPTI), 1 (4). pp. 430-445. ISSN 1744-7569 (Print), 1744-7550 (Online) (doi:10.1504/IJPTI.2009.030691)

agrifood supply chain

Kelemis, Athanasios, Manikas, Ioannis and Folinas, Dimitris (2010) Methodology for identifying and modeling the key logistics processes in agri-food supply chain. In: 3rd International Scientific Conference Management of Technology Step to Sustainable Production, June 8-10, 2011, Bol, Brac, Croatia. (Unpublished)

Manikas, Ioannis, Folinas, Dimitris and Kelemis, Athanasios (2010) Modeling key logistics processes in agrifood supply chain. In: 34th CIOSTA & CIGR Section V Conference 2011, 29 June - 1 July, Vienna, Austria.

agro-ecology

Tran, Bruno and Hodges, Rick (2018) Post-harvest management of sorghum. In: Rooney, William, (ed.) Achieving sustainable cultivation of sorghum. Burleigh Dodds Series in Agricultural Science . Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 978-1786761200 (In Press)

agro-ecosystem

Porter, John, Costanza, Robert, Sandhu, Harpinder, Sigsgaard, Lene and Wratten, Steve (2009) The value of producing food, energy, and ecosystem services within an agro-ecosystem. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38 (4). pp. 186-193. ISSN 0044-7447 (Print), 1654-7209 (Online) (doi:10.1579/0044-7447-38.4.186)

agro-ecosystems

Kabiri, Stella, Rodenburg, Jonne, Kayeke, Juma, Van Ast, Aad, Makokha, Derek W., Msangi, Saidi H., Irakiza, Rumyambo and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) Can the parasitic weeds Striga asiatica and Rhamphicarpa fistulosa co-occur in rain-fed rice? Weed Research, 55 (2). pp. 145-154. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/wre.12124)

Agro-food industry

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agro-pastoralism

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agro-pastoralsim

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

Agroecology

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

Kanyama-Phiri, George, Wellard, Kate and Snapp, Sieglinde (2017) Introduction. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00001-3)

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

agroforest

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

Agroforestry

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

Collinson, Chris and Leon, Marcelo (2000) Economic viability of ethical cocoa trading in Ecuador. Final report (NRI report no. 2519). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Haggar, Jeremy, Asigbaase, Michael, Bonilla, Glenda, Pico, Jose and Quilo, Alma (2015) Tree diversity on sustainably certified and conventional coffee farms in Central America. Biodiversity and Conservation, 24 (5). pp. 1175-1194. ISSN 0960-3115 (Print), 1572-9710 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10531-014-0851-y)

Warren, G.P. (1992) Fertilizer phosphorus: sorption and residual value in tropical African soils (NRI Bulletin 37). [Working Paper]

agroforestry systems

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

agroprocessing

Conroy, C., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1995) Development and dissemination of agroprocessing technologies. NRI Socio-economic Series, 8 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-423-0

aid shipments

Tyler, P.S. and Hodges, R.J. (2002) Phytosanitary measures against larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), in international trade. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 279-289. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040816.21570.06)

AIDS

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

Air flow distribution

Precoppe, Marcelo, Nagle, Marcus, Janjai, Serm, Mahayothee, Busarakorn and Müller, Joachim (2011) Analysis of dryer performance for the improvement of small-scale litchi processing. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 46 (3). pp. 561-569. ISSN 0950-5423 (Print), 1365-2621 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2010.02522.x)

air pollution

Leharne, Stephen, McPhee, Euan and Kingston, Lynda (1990) The pattern of metal deposition to a woodland ecosystem as revealed by bryophyte analysis. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 15 (2). pp. 131-141. ISSN 0167-6369 (Print), 1573-2959 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF00398911)

airtight storage

McFarlane, J.A. (1970) Insect control by airtight storage in small containers. Tropical Stored Products Information, 19. pp. 10-14. ISSN 0564-3325

alata

Kenyon, Lawrence, Lebas, B.S.M. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Yams (Dioscorea spp.) from the South Pacific Islands contain many novel badnaviruses: Implications for international movement of yam germplasm. Archives of Virology, 153 (5). pp. 877-889. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0062-5)

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

Alectra

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

Aleyrodes proletella

Springate, Simon (2017) The cabbage whitefly Aleyrodes proletella and its natural enemies on wild cabbage Brassica oleracea on the Kent coast. Transactions of the Kent Field Club, 20. pp. 42-58. ISSN 0141-1225

Springate, Simon and Colvin, John (2011) Pyrethroid insecticide resistance in British populations of the cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella. Pest Management Science, 68 (2). pp. 260-267. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.2255)

Aleyrodidae

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Rekha, A.R., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V. and Colvin, J. (2005) Occurrence of three genotypic clusters of Bemisia tabaci and the rapid spread of the B biotype in south India. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 117 (3). pp. 221-233. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2005.00352.x)

Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, Midatharahally, Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C., Brown, J.K. and Legg, J.P. (2006) Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (2). pp. 145-153. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00402.x)

Alkaloids

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

allomones

Torr, Steve J. and Solano, Philippe (2010) Olfaction in Glossina – host interactions: a tale of two tsetse. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 265-290. ISBN 9789086860913

allotments

Hawkes, Frances M. and Acott, Timothy G. (2013) People, environment and place: the function and significance of human hybrid relationships at an allotment in South East England. Local Environment, 18 (10). pp. 1117-1133. ISSN 1354-9839 (Print), 1469-6711 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13549839.2013.787590)

Alternate wetting and drying

Krupnik, Timothy J., Rodenburg, Jonne, Haden, Van Ryan, Mbaye, Doudou and Shennan, Carol (2012) Genotypic trade-offs between water productivity and weed competition under the system of rice intensification in the Sahel. Agricultural Water Management, 115. pp. 156-166. ISSN 03783774 (doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2012.08.016)

de Vries, Michiel E., Rodenburg, Jonne, Bado, Boubié V., Sow, Abdoualye, Leffelaar, Peter A. and Giller, Ken E. (2010) Rice production with less irrigation water is possible in a Sahelian environment. Field Crops Research, 116 (1-2). pp. 154-164. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2009.12.006)

Alternate wetting and drying (AWD)

Krupnik, Timothy J., Shennan, Carol and Rodenburg, Jonne (2012) Yield, water productivity and nutrient balances under the system of rice intensification and recommended management practices in the Sahel. Field Crops Research, 130. pp. 155-167. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2012.02.003)

amala

Fetuga, Ganiyat O., Tomlins, Keith, Bechoff, Aurelie, Henshaw, Folake O., Idowu, Michael A. and Westby, Andrew (2013) A survey of traditional processing of sweet potato flour for amala, consumption pattern of sweet potato amala and awareness of orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) in South West Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 11 (3 & 4). pp. 67-71. ISSN 1459-0255 (Print), 1459-0263 (Online)

Olatunde, G. O., Tomlins, K., Henshaw, F. O. and Idowu, M. A. (2016) Descriptive sensory characterization of cooked paste (amala) made from sweet potato flour (elubo). Nigerian Food Journal, 34 (1). pp. 72-80. ISSN 0189-7241

aman rice

Jabbar, M.A., Orr, Alastair and Karmakar, B. (2008) Direct-seeded rice in the High Barind Tract: economics and farmer evaluation. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 47-65. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Riches, Charles R., Mortimer, A.M., Harris, D. and Mazid, M.A. (2008) Farm-level opportunities for increasing productivity and income in the High Barind Tract: a synthesis. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 9-24. ISBN 9712202291

Riches, C.R. (2008) The High Barind Tract: a challenging drought-prone agricultural environment. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), pp. 3-6. ISBN 978-971-22-0229-2

Riches, C.R., Mazid, M.A., Uddin Ahmed, G.J., Mortimer, A.M., Jabbar, M.A. and Orr, A. (2008) Improved weed management for transplanted aman rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), pp. 91-103. ISBN 978-971-22-0229-2

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

AMOVA

Fahleson, J., Nakyanzi, M., Okori, P., Seal, S., Kenyon, L. and Dixelius, C. (2009) Genetic analysis of Mycosphaerella fijiensis in the Ugandan Lake Victoria region reveals a homogenous population. Plant Pathology, 58 (5). pp. 888-897. ISSN 1365-3059 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02099.x)

analysis

Clarke, P.A., Palipane, K.B., Hammond, L. and Sherington, J. (1997) Quality perceptions of parboiled rice marketed in Sri Lanka (NRI Bulletin 74). [Working Paper]

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

analytic network process

Eakin, Hallie, Bojórquez-Tapia, Luis A., Diaz, Rafael Monterde, Castellanos, Edwin and Haggar, Jeremy (2011) Adaptive capacity and social-environmental change: Theoretical and operational modeling of smallholder coffee systems response in Mesoamerican Pacific Rim. Environmental Management, 47 (3). pp. 352-367. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9603-2)

Analytical Hierarchy Process

Khongnawang, Tibet and Williams, Meredith (2015) Land suitability evaluation using GIS-based multi-criteria decision making for bio-fuel crops cultivation in KhonKaen, Thailand. In: International Soil Conference 2015, 18-21 August 2015, The Regent Cha Am Beach Resort, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (Unpublished)

analytical methods

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

anchote

Parmar, Aditya, Gebre, Bilatu, Legesse, Addisu, Demelash, Yoseph, Fladung, Kirsten and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Nutritional Comparison of White and Red Coccinia Abyssinica (Lam.) Cong. Accessions: An Under-Utilised Edible Tuber of the Ethiopian Highlands. Foods, 6 (8):71. ISSN 2304-8158 (Online) (doi:10.3390/foods6080071)

Andes

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

animal African trypanosomiasis

Torr, S. J. and Vale, G. A. (2015) Know your foe: Lessons from the analysis of tsetse fly behaviour. Trends in Parasitology, 31 (3). pp. 95-99. ISSN 1471-4922 (doi:10.1016/j.pt.2014.12.010)

animal feed

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Parr, W.H., Capper, B.S., Cox, D.R.S., Jewers, K., Marter, A.D., Nichols, W., Silvey, D.R. and Wood, J.F. (1988) The small-scale manufacture of compound animal feed (ODNRI Bulletin No. 9). [Working Paper]

animal forage

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

animal nutrition

Parr, W.H., Capper, B.S., Cox, D.R.S., Jewers, K., Marter, A.D., Nichols, W., Silvey, D.R. and Wood, J.F. (1988) The small-scale manufacture of compound animal feed (ODNRI Bulletin No. 9). [Working Paper]

Animal-source foods

De Bruyn, Julia, Ferguson, Elaine, Allman-Farinelli, Margaret, Darnton-Hill, Ian, Maulaga, Wende, Msuya, John and Alders, Robyn (2016) Food composition tables in resource-poor settings: Exploring current limitations and opportunities, with a focus on animal-source foods in sub-Saharan Africa. British Journal of Nutrition, 116 (10). pp. 1709-1719. ISSN 0007-1145 (Print), 1475-2662 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0007114516003706)

Annual crop

Jaffuel, Geoffrey, Blanco-Pérez, Rubén, Buchi, Lucie, Mäder, Paul, Fließbach, Andreas, Charles, Raphaël, Degen, Thomas, Turlings, Ted C. J. and Campos-Herrera, Raquel (2017) Effects of cover crops on the overwintering success of entomopathogenic nematodes and their antagonists. Applied Soil Ecology, 114. pp. 62-73. ISSN 0929-1393 (doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.02.006)

Annualized cost methodology

Coote, Claire and Okwadi, Julius (2014) The importance of measuring financial viability: the example of orange sweet potato processing in Uganda. Food Chain, 4 (3). pp. 225-237. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1879 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2014.023)

Anopheles arabiensis

Asmare, Yelfwagash, Hill, Sharon R., Hopkins, Richard J., Tekie, Habte and Ignell, Rickard (2017) The role of grass volatiles on oviposition site selection by Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles coluzzii. Malaria Journal, 16 (65). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-017-1717-z)

Tirados, Iñaki, Costantini, C., Gibson, Gabriella and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 20 (4). pp. 425-437. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.652.x)

Anopheles balabacensis

Hawkes, Frances, Manin, Benny Obrain, Ng, Sui Han, Torr, Stephen J., Drakeley, Chris, Chua, Tock H. and Ferguson, Heather M. (2017) Evaluation of electric nets as means to sample mosquito vectors host-seeking on humans and primates. Parasites and Vectors, 10 (338). ISSN 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2277-3)

Anopheles coluzzii

Asmare, Yelfwagash, Hill, Sharon R., Hopkins, Richard J., Tekie, Habte and Ignell, Rickard (2017) The role of grass volatiles on oviposition site selection by Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles coluzzii. Malaria Journal, 16 (65). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-017-1717-z)

Anopheles gambiae

Hawkes, Frances M., Dabiré, Roch K., Sawadogo, Simon P., Torr, Stephen J. and Gibson, Gabriella (2017) Exploiting Anopheles responses to thermal, odour and visual stimuli to improve surveillance and control of malaria. Scientific Reports, 7:17283. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17632-3)

Anoplophora glabripennis

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

antagonism

Dudenhöffer, Jan-Hendrik, Ebeling, Anne, Klein, Alexandra-Maria and Wagg, Cameron (2017) Beyond biomass: Soil feedbacks are transient over plant life stages and alter fitness. Journal of Ecology, 106 (1). pp. 230-241. ISSN 0022-0477 (Print), 1365-2745 (Online) (doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12870)

anthocyanins

Hale, Kerry L., Tufan, Hale A., Pickering, Ingrid J., George, Graham N., Terry, Norman, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2002) Anthocyanins facilitate tungsten accumulation in Brassica. Physiologia Plantarum, 116 (3). pp. 351-358. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1160310.x)

Anthonomus rubi

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 2. Pest monitoring and control. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 155-166. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.004)

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

Hall, David, Baroffio, Catherine, Sigsgaard, Lene, Ahrenfeldt, Erica, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Bruun, S.A., Cross, Jerry, Fountain, Michelle, Mozuraitis, Raimondas, Ralle, Baba, Trandrem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2018) Combining plant volatiles and pheromones to catch two insect pests in the same trap: examples from two berry crops. Crop Protection, 109. pp. 1-8. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.02.025)

Anthracnose

Glowacz, Marcin, Roets, Nico and Sivakumar, Dharini (2017) Control of anthracnose disease via increased activity of defence related enzymes in ‘Hass’ avocado fruit treated with methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate. Food Chemistry, 234. pp. 163-167. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.04.063)

anthropology

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Anthropometry – Nutrition assessment – Public health – Program evaluation – Monitoring – Surveillance – Surveys – Timely warning – Malnutrition – Low-income

Tuffrey, Veronica and Hall, Andrew (2016) Methods of nutrition surveillance in low-income countries. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology, 13 (1). ISSN 1742-7622 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12982-016-0045-z)

anthropophilic

Tirados, Iñaki, Costantini, C., Gibson, Gabriella and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 20 (4). pp. 425-437. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.652.x)

anti-juvenile hormones

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

Antifungal

Rioba, Naomi B. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Ageratum conyzoides L. for the management of pests and diseases by small holder farmers. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 22-29. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.068)

antitrypanosomal

Palmer-Young, Evan, Sadd, Ben M., Stevenson, Philip C., Irwin, Rebecca E. and Adler, Lynn S. (2016) Bumble bee parasite strains vary in resistance to phytochemicals. Scientific Reports, 6:37087. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/srep37087)

Apac

Kleih, Ulrich, Okoboi, Geofrey, Janowski, Monica, Omony, Godfrey, Taiwo, Benson and Bisase, Dennis (2005) Synthesis of an evaluation survey in seven sub-counties of Lira, Apac and Soroti districts. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

aphid

Bouvaine, Sophie, Behmer, Spencer T., Lin, George G., Faure, Marie-Line, Grebenok, Robert J. and Douglas, Angela E. (2012) The physiology of sterol nutrition in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58 (11). pp. 1383-1389. ISSN 0022-1910 (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.07.014)

Bouvaine, Sophie, Boonham, Neil and Douglas, Angela E. (2011) Interactions between a luteovirus and the GroEL chaperonin protein of the symbiotic bacterium Buchnera aphidicola of aphids. Journal of General Virology, 92 (6). pp. 1467-1474. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.029355-0)

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

aphid sitobion-avenae

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

aphid-transmitted potyvirus

Clark, Christopher A., Davis, Jeffrey A., Abad, Jorge A., Cuellar, Wilmer J., Fuentes, Segundo, Kreuze, Jan F., Gibson, Richard, Mukasa, Settumba B., Tugume, Arthur K., Tairo, Fred Donati and Valkonen, Jari P.T. (2012) Sweetpotato viruses: 15 years of progress on understanding and managing complex diseases. Plant Disease, 96 (2). pp. 168-185. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-07-11-0550)

APHLIS

Hodges, Rick, Bennett, Ben, Bernard, Marc and Rembold, Felix (2013) Tackling post-harvest cereal losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Rural 21: The International Journal for Rural Development, 47 (1). pp. 16-18. ISSN 1866-8011

Hodges, Rick J. and Stathers, Tanya E. (2013) Facing the food crisis: How African smallholders can reduce postharvest cereal losses by supplying better quality grain. Outlooks on Pest Management, 24 (5). pp. 217-221. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v24_oct_08)

Apoidea

Fountain, Michelle T., Baroffio, Catherine, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Brain, Phil, Cross, Jerry V., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R., Ralle, Baiba, Rendina, Paulo, Richoz, Pauline, Sigsgaard, Lene, Storberget, Sverre, Trandem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2017) Design and deployment of semiochemical traps for capturing 1 Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Lygus rugulipennis Poppius (Hetereoptera: Miridae) in soft fruit crops. Crop Protection, 99. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2017.05.001)

Apple

Buti, Matteo, Sargent, Daniel, Velasco, Ricardo and Colgan, Richard (2018) A study of gene expression changes at the Bp-2 locus associated with bitter pit symptom expression in apples (Malus pumila). Molecular Breeding. ISSN 1380-3743 (Print), 1572-9788 (Online) (In Press)

Colgan, Richard and Fernandez, Felicidad (2013) Extending the storage season of apples through selection of low ethylene breeding lines. In: Fruits and Roots: A Celebration and Forward Look. Aspects of Applied Biology (119). Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, pp. 119-126. ISSN 0265-1491

Harman, G. and Anand, N. (1990) The market for dried fruit in the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany and France (ODNRI Bulletin No. 34). [Working Paper]

Tortoe, C., Orchard, J., Beezer, A. and Tetteh, J. (2011) Application of radial basis function network with a Gaussian function of artificial neural networks in osmo-dehydration of plant materials. Journal of Artificial Intelligence, 4 (4). pp. 233-244. ISSN 1994-5450 (Print), 2077-2173 (Online) (doi:10.3923/jai.2011.233.244)

application

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

apricot

Harman, G. and Anand, N. (1990) The market for dried fruit in the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany and France (ODNRI Bulletin No. 34). [Working Paper]

aquaculture

Kleih, Ulrich, Linton, John, Marr, Ana, Mactaggart, Murdoch, Naziri, Diego and Orchard, John E. (2012) Financial services for small and medium-scale aquaculture and fisheries producers. Marine Policy, 37. pp. 106-114. ISSN 0308-597X (doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.006)

Armenia

Davis, J., Bezemer, D.J., Janowski, M. and Wandschneider, T. (2004) Poverty and the rural non-farm economy in Armenia, Georgia and Romania: a synthesis of findings (NRI report no. 2773). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Davis, J.R., Bezemer, D.J., Janowski, M. and Wandschneider, T. (2004) The rural non-farm economy and poverty alleviation in Armenia, Georgia and Romania: A synthesis of findings. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Davis, Junior, Bezemer, Dirk J. and Wandschneider, Tiago (2003) The rural non-farm economy in Armenia, Georgia and Romania: a synthesis of findings (NRI report no. 2731). [Working Paper]

Wandschneider, Tiago Sequeira, Davis, Junior R. and Hancock, Jim (2002) Rural non-farm employment and development in transition economies. Proceedings of a workshop held at the Old Royal Naval College, University of Greenwich, London. [Working Paper]

armyworm

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Mushobozi, Wilfred L. (2009) Biological control of armyworm in Africa: pitfalls and solutions. Pesticides News (84). pp. 18-19.

armyworm moth

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

Arrestant

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Stewart-Jones, A., Stirrup, T.J., Hodges, R.J., Farman, D.I. and Hall, D.R. (2009) Analysis of free fatty acids in food substrates and in the dust and frass of stored-product pests: Potential for species discrimination? Journal of Stored Products Research, 45 (2). pp. 119-124. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2008.10.003)

arrestment

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Arsenophonus

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie, Richardson, Simon C. W., Ghanim, Murad and Maruthi, M. N. (2017) Fitness costs associated with infections of secondary endosymbionts in the cassava whitefly species Bemisia tabaci. Journal of Pest Science, 91. pp. 17-28. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-017-0910-8)

Artemisia

Davies, Michael J., Atkinson, Christopher J., Burns, Corrinne, Woolley, Jack G., Hipps, Neil A., Arroo, Randolph R.J., Dungey, Nigel, Robinson, Trevor, Brown, Paul, Flockart, Ian, Hill, Colin, Smith, Lydia and Bentley, Steven (2009) Enhancement of artemisinin concentration and yield in response to optimization of nitrogen and potassium supply to Artemisia annua. Annals of Botany, 104 (2). pp. 315-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcp126)

Artemisia annua

Davies, M. J., Atkinson, C. J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Ellman, Antony (2010) Cultivation of artemisia annua in Africa and Asia. Outlooks on Pest Management, 21 (2). pp. 84-88. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/21apr08)

Artemisinin

Davies, M. J., Atkinson, C. J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

artemisinin extraction

Ellman, Antony (2010) Cultivation of artemisia annua in Africa and Asia. Outlooks on Pest Management, 21 (2). pp. 84-88. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/21apr08)

arthropods

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

article

Leharne, Stephen, McPhee, Euan and Kingston, Lynda (1990) The pattern of metal deposition to a woodland ecosystem as revealed by bryophyte analysis. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 15 (2). pp. 131-141. ISSN 0167-6369 (Print), 1573-2959 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF00398911)

artificial neural networks

Tortoe, C., Orchard, J., Beezer, A. and Tetteh, J. (2011) Application of radial basis function network with a Gaussian function of artificial neural networks in osmo-dehydration of plant materials. Journal of Artificial Intelligence, 4 (4). pp. 233-244. ISSN 1994-5450 (Print), 2077-2173 (Online) (doi:10.3923/jai.2011.233.244)

Tortoe, Charles, Orchard, John, Beezer, Anthony and Tetteh, John (2008) Artificial neural networks in modelling osmotic dehydration of foods. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 32 (2). pp. 270-285. ISSN 1745-4549 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4549.2008.00178.x)

artisanal rice parboiling

Manful, John T., Abbey, Lawrence D. and Coker, Raymond D. (2009) Effect of artisanal parboiling methods on milling yield and cooked rice textural characteristics. Journal of Food Quality, 32 (6). pp. 725-734. ISSN 0146-9428 (Print), 1745-4557 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2009.00283.x)

Arylbenzofuran

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Phythian, Sara J., Veitch, Nigel C. and Hall, David R. (2006) Synthesis of cicerfuran, an antifungal benzofuran, and some related analogues. Tetrahedron, 62 (17). pp. 4214-4226. ISSN 0040-4020 (doi:10.1016/j.tet.2006.02.015)

ascorbic acid

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P. H., Cobb, Andrerw H. and Monaghan, James M. (2015) High- but not low-intensity light leads to oxidative stress and quality loss of cold-stored baby leaf spinach. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95 (9). pp. 1821-1829. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6880)

Ashanti region

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

Asia

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Kleih, Ulrich (1997) Economic model of coconut based farming systems. A guide. Manual. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Naziri, Diego, Aubert, Magali, Codron, Jean-Marie, Nguyen, Thi Tan Loc and Moustier, Paule (2010) Estimating the impact of small-scale farmers’ collective action on food safety: The case of vegetables in Vietnam. In: Actes des JRSS 2010. Actes des 4èmes journées INRA-SFER-CIRAD de recherches en sciences sociales. (9-10 décembre 2010, Site AgroCampus Ouest, Rue de St Brieuc, Rennes). Société Française d'Economie Rurale, Rennes, France.

Asian

Yadav, Shyam S., Stevenson, Philip C., Rizvi, A.H., Manohar, M., Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 33-46. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_4 for chapter))

asparagus

Simantara, P., Rees, D. and Westby, A. (2010) Potential non-chemical methods for use against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in green asparagus. In: Herppich, W.B., (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. Acta Horticulturae (858). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 325-328. ISBN 978-90-66052-06-2 ISSN 0567-7572

assessment

Ndunguru, G.T., Modaha, F., Bancroft, R.D., Mashamba, F., Digges, P.D., Kleih, U. and Westby, A. (1995) The use of needs assessment methodologies to focus technical interventions in root and tuber crop post-harvest systems: a case study to improve the marketing and post-harvest handling of cassava entering Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In: International Society of Tropical Root Crops - Africa Branch Meeting, 23-27 Oct 1995, Lilongwe, Malawi.

assessment method

Compton, J.A.F., Wright, M., Gay, C. and Stabrawa, A. (1992) A rapid method for loss assessment in stored maize and dried cassava. Interim report for project R5103. [Working Paper]

assessment mothodology

Silva, G.L. (1989) Potential for improving rice production in Tabora Region, Tanzania and implications for village planning (ODNRI Bulletin No. 29). [Working Paper]

assessment technique

De Lima, C.P.F. (1979) Appropriate techniques for use in the assessment of country loss in stored produce in the tropics. Tropical Stored Products Information, 38. pp. 15-19. ISSN 0564-3325

assimilation

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

Atmospheric Turbulence

Hu, Gao, Lim, Ka Sing, Reynolds, Don R., Reynolds, Andy M. and Chapman, Jason W. (2016) Wind-related orientation patterns in diurnal, crepuscular and nocturnal high-altitude insect migrants. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10:32. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1662-5153 (Online) (doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00032)

atmospheric transport

Reynolds, Don R., Nau, Bernard S. and Chapman, Jason W. (2013) High-altitude migration of Heteroptera in Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 110 (3). pp. 483-492. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2013.064)

attractant baits

Cork, A. and Hall, M.J.R. (2007) Development of an odour-baited target for female New World screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax: studies with host baits and synthetic wound fluids. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 21 (1). pp. 85-92. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.00661.x)

Attractants

Isberg, Elin, Bray, Daniel Peter, Hillbur, Ylva and Ignell, Rickard (2017) Evaluation of host-derived volatiles for trapping Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (7). pp. 662-669. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0860-x)

Rayaisse, J.B., Tirados, I., Kaba, D., Dewhirst, S.Y., Logan, J.G., Diarrassouba, A., Salou, E., Omolo, M.O., Solano, P., Lehane, M.J., Pickett, J.A., Vale, G.A., Torr, S.J.. and Esterhuizen, J. (2010) Prospects for the development of odour baits to control the tsetse flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4 (3). e632. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000632)

Torr, Steve J. and Solano, Philippe (2010) Olfaction in Glossina – host interactions: a tale of two tsetse. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 265-290. ISBN 9789086860913

attracticide

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

attraction

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

augmentation

Tang, Sanyi, Tang, Guangyao and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Optimum timing for integrated pest management: Modelling rates of pesticide application and natural enemy releases. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 264 (2). pp. 623-638. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.02.034)

Australia

Morton, John (2014) Agricultural adaptations: social context and complexity. In: Palutikof, JP, Boulter, SL, Barnett, J and Rissik, D, (eds.) Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 119-121. ISBN 978-1-118-84501-1

autonomy

Smith, Darren P., Wetherall, Jodie and Adekunle, Andrew (2015) Virtual closed networks: A secure approach to autonomous mobile ad hoc networks. In: 2015 10th International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions (ICITST). IEEE, London, UK, pp. 391-398. ISBN 978-1-908320-52-0 (doi:10.1109/ICITST.2015.7412128)

autoSNP

Lorenc, Michał T., Hayashi, Satomi, Stiller, Jiri, Lee, Hong, Manoli, Sahana, Ruperao, Pradeep, Visendi, Paul, Berkman, Paul J., Lai, Kaitao, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2012) Discovery of single nucleotide polymorphisms in complex genomes using SGSautoSNP. Biology, 1 (3). pp. 370-382. ISSN 2079-7737 (Print), 2079-7737 (Online) (doi:10.3390/biology1020370)

auxin

Atkinson, Christopher J. and Else, Mark A. (2012) Hydraulic conductivity and PAT determine hierarchical resource partitioning and ramet development along Fragaria stolons. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63 (14). pp. 5093-5104. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/ers155)

Average treatment effect

Ogwuike, Philomena, Rodenburg, Jonne, Diagne, Aliou, Agboh-Noameshie, Afiavi R. and Amovin-Assagba, Eyram (2014) Weed management in upland rice in sub-Saharan Africa: impact on labor and crop productivity. Food Security, 6 (3). pp. 327-337. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0351-7)

AVHRR

Vrieling, Anton, Meroni, Michele, Shee, Apurba, Mude, Andrew G., Woodard, Joshua, de Bie, C.A.J.M. (Kees) and Rembold, Felix (2014) Historical extension of operational NDVI products for livestock insurance in Kenya. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 28. pp. 238-251. ISSN 0303-2434 (doi:10.1016/j.jag.2013.12.010)

avicide

Elliott, Clive C.H., Mtobesya, Boaz N. and Cheke, Robert A. (2014) Alternative approaches to Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea management: mass-capture for food. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 85 (1). pp. 31-37. ISSN 0030-6525 (Print), 1727-947X (Online) (doi:10.2989/00306525.2014.900827)

Azadirachta

Nyirenda, Stephen P., Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Kamanula, John F., Mvumi, Brighton M., Sola, Phosiso, Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers’ ethno-ecological knowledge of vegetable pests and pesticidal plant use in Malawi and Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (6). pp. 1525-1537. ISSN 1991-637X

B value

Büchi, Lucie, Gebhard, Claude-Alain, Liebisch, Frank, Sinaj, Sokrat, Ramseier, Hans and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Accumulation of biologically fixed nitrogen by legumes cultivated as cover crops in Switzerland. Plant and Soil, 393 (1-2). pp. 163-175. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2476-7)

bacilliform virus

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

Bacillus thuringiensis

Bizzarri, Mariangela F. (2006) The ecology of Bacillus thuringiensis on the phylloplane. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Lacey, L.A., Grzywacz, D., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Frutos, R., Brownbridge, M. and Goettel, M.S. (2015) Insect pathogens as biological control agents: back to the future. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 132. pp. 1-41. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2015.07.009)

Shelton, A.M., Gujar, G.T., Chen, M., Rauf, A., Srinivasan, R., Kalia, V., Mittal, A., Kumari, A., Ramesh, K., Borkakatti, R., Zhao, J.Z., Endersby, N., Russell, D., Wu, Y.D. and Uijtewaal, B. (2009) Assessing the susceptibility of cruciferous Lepidoptera to Cry1Ba2 and Cry1Ca4 for future transgenic cruciferous vegetables. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102 (6). pp. 2217-2223. ISSN 0022-0493 (Print), 1938-291X (Online)

Backward bifurcation

Zhang, Xianghong, Tang, Sanyi, Liu, Qiyong, Cheke, Robert A. and Zhu, Huaiping (2018) Models to assess the effects of non-identical sex ratio augmentations of Wolbachia-carrying mosquitoes on the control of dengue disease. Mathematical Biosciences. ISSN 0025-5564 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2018.03.003)

bacterial contamination

Omohimi, C., Piccirillo, C., Ferraro, V., Roriz Costa, M., Omemu, A. M., Dias Santos, S. M., Da Ressurreição, S., Abayomi, L., Adebowale, A. A., De Vasconcelos, M. W., Obadina, A. O., Sanni, L. O. and Pintado, M. M. (2017) Effect of processing and post-processing conditions on the safety of traditional yam-derived (Dioscorea spp.) foodstuff in Nigeria – A case study. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (In Press)

bacterial leaf blight

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, Malcolm (1991) The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia (NRI Bulletin No. 39). [Working Paper]

bacterial wilt

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

baculovirus

D'Cunha, Reju Francis (2007) Impact of host plants on the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus as a biopesticide against insect pest Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Lacey, L.A., Grzywacz, D., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Frutos, R., Brownbridge, M. and Goettel, M.S. (2015) Insect pathogens as biological control agents: back to the future. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 132. pp. 1-41. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2015.07.009)

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

baculoviruses

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

Badna-PCR

Bömer, Moritz, Turaki, Aliyu, Rathnayake, Ajith, Silva, Goncalo, Lava Kumar, P. and Seal, Susan (2018) Rolling circle amplification to screen yam germplasm for badnavirus infections and to amplify and characterise novel badnavirus genomes. Bio-protocol, 8 (1). ISSN 2331-8325 (Online) (doi:10.21769/BioProtoc.2672)

badnavirus

Bömer, Moritz, Turaki, Aliyu A., Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2016) A sequence-independent strategy for amplification and characterisation of episomal badnavirus sequences reveals three previously uncharacterised yam badnaviruses. Viruses, 8:188. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v8070188)

Seal, Susan, Turaki, Aliyu, Muller, Emmanuelle, Kumar, P. Lava, Kenyon, Lawrence, Filloux, Denis, Galzi, Serge, Lopez-Montes, Antonio and Iskra-Caruana, Marie-Line (2014) The prevalence of badnaviruses in West African yams (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata) and evidence of endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in their genomes. Virus Research, 186. pp. 144-154. ISSN 0168-1702 (Print), 1872-7492 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.01.007)

Turaki, Aliyu A., Bömer, Moritz, Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2017) PCR-DGGE analysis: Unravelling complex mixtures of badnavirus sequences present in yam germplasm. Viruses, 9 (7). p. 181. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v9070181)

bag container

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

bag handling

Friendship, C.A.R. and Compton, J.A.F. (1991) Bag or bulk? A decision-making checklist (NRI Bulletin No. 45). [Working Paper]

bagstacks

Gough, M.C., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Brueton, A.C. (1989) The physical effects of tropical seasons on bagstacks of grain (ODNRI Bulletin No. 21). [Working Paper]

baited traps

Tirados, Iñaki, Costantini, C., Gibson, Gabriella and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 20 (4). pp. 425-437. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.652.x)

balantine nut

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

bamboo masting

UNSPECIFIED (2010) Rodent outbreaks: ecology and impacts. In: Singleton, Grant R., Belmain, Steve R., Brown, Peter R. and Hardy, Bill, (eds.) International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines. ISBN 9789712202575

Belmain, S.R., Chakma, N., Sarker, N.J., Sarker, S.U., Sarker, S.K. and Kamal, N.Q. (2010) The Chittagong story: studies on the ecology of rat floods and bamboo masting. In: Singleton, Grant R., Belmain, Steve R., Brown, Peter R. and Hardy, Bill, (eds.) Rodent outbreaks: ecology and impacts. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines, pp. 49-63. ISBN 9789712202575

banana

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Gray, A. and Kleih, U. (1997) The potential for selected Indian horticultural products on the European market (NRI Marketing Series 11). [Working Paper]

Harman, G. and Anand, N. (1990) The market for dried fruit in the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany and France (ODNRI Bulletin No. 34). [Working Paper]

Kenyon, Lawrence, Lebas, B.S.M. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Yams (Dioscorea spp.) from the South Pacific Islands contain many novel badnaviruses: Implications for international movement of yam germplasm. Archives of Virology, 153 (5). pp. 877-889. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0062-5)

Tortoe, C., Orchard, J., Beezer, A. and Tetteh, J. (2011) Application of radial basis function network with a Gaussian function of artificial neural networks in osmo-dehydration of plant materials. Journal of Artificial Intelligence, 4 (4). pp. 233-244. ISSN 1994-5450 (Print), 2077-2173 (Online) (doi:10.3923/jai.2011.233.244)

banana bunchy top virus

Lava Kumar, P., Ayodele, M., Oben, T.T., Mahungu, N.M., Beed, F., Coyne, D., Londa, L., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) First report of Banana bunchy top virus in banana and plantain (Musa spp.) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01974.x)

bands

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Bangaladesh

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Alam, S.N., Kader, K.A., Cork, Alan and Colvin, John (2006) A novel begomovirus with distinct genomic and phenotypic features infects tomato in Bangladesh. Plant Pathology, 55 (2). p. 290. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01275.x)

Bangalore

Gordon, Ann, Khatana, Virendar, Ashok, M.S. and Wandschneider, Tiago (eds.) (2001) Sustainable NGO/CBO agricultural marketing initiatives. Proceedings of a workshop held at White Field, Bangalore, 24-25 September, 2001 (NRI report no. 2660). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Wandschneider, Tiago (2003) Workshop on sustainable NGO/CBO agricultural marketing initiatives. Bangalore 27 - 28 March 2003 (NRI report no. 2381). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bangladesh

Belmain, S.R., Chakma, N., Sarker, N.J., Sarker, S.U., Sarker, S.K. and Kamal, N.Q. (2010) The Chittagong story: studies on the ecology of rat floods and bamboo masting. In: Singleton, Grant R., Belmain, Steve R., Brown, Peter R. and Hardy, Bill, (eds.) Rodent outbreaks: ecology and impacts. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines, pp. 49-63. ISBN 9789712202575

Blowfield, M.E. (1993) Socio-economic case studies: a progress report on the Bay of Bengal Project socio-economic case studies in Bangladesh, 11 - 25 October 1993 (NRI report no. R 2032(R)). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Blowfield, M.E. and Nasimul, Haque (1995) Caught in their own nets: a social study of set bagnet fishing communities in Bangladesh (NRI report no. R2199(C)). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cork, Alan, Kamal, Nazira Quaraishi, Ahmed, Sarwar, Jayanth, D.K.P. and Casagrande, E. (2006) Commercial adoption of pheromones as a component in ICM of rice in Bangladesh. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 165-170. ISBN 0954645278

Coulter, J.P. and Disney, J.G. (1987) The handling, processing and marketing of fish in Bangladesh (ODNRI Bulletin No. 1). [Working Paper]

Fazlul Huq, A.K. (1980) Some estimates of farm-level storage losses of rice in Bangladesh. Tropical Stored Products Information, 39. pp. 5-12. ISSN 0564-3325

Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, Malcolm (1991) The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia (NRI Bulletin No. 39). [Working Paper]

Hossain, M.F., Elahi, S.F., White, S.K., Alam, Q.K., Rother, J.A. and Gaunt, J.L. (2012) Nitrogen budgets for Boro rice (Oryza sativa L.) fields in Bangladesh. Field Crops Research, 131. pp. 97-109. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2012.02.029)

Kleih, Ulrich (2003) Fish distribution from coastal communities in Bangladesh - market and credit access issues. Final technical report (NRI report no. 2713). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Solaiman, Mohammed, Chowdhury, Iftekhar Uddin, Nurul Kareem, A.N.M. and Ward, Ansen (2003) Report of consultation workshops on "Fish distribution from coastal communities - market and credit access issues" (NRI report no. 2711). [Working Paper]

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Mortimer, A.M., Mazid, M.A. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Long-term sustainability in weed management for direct seeding of rainfed rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 67-78. ISBN 9712202291

Mortimer, A.M., Riches, C.R., Mazid, M., Pandey, S. and Johnson, D.E. (2008) Issues related to direct seeding of rice in rainfed cropping systems in northwest Bangladesh. In: Singh, Y., Singh, V.P., Chauhan, B., Orr, Alastair, Mortimer, A.M., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Direct Seeding of Rice and Weed Management in the Irrigated Rice-Wheat Cropping System of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines, pp. 23-30. ISBN 978-971-22-0236-0

Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z., Rani Das, Sumona and Chancellor, Tim B.C. (2007) Motivations behind farmers’ pesticide use in Bangladesh rice farming. Agriculture and Human Values, 24 (3). pp. 323-332. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-007-9071-3)

Wandschneider, Tiago Sequeira (2001) Paddy, fish and vegetables marketing systems in Northwest Bangladesh: current situation and opportunities for intervention (NRI report no. 2655). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Barind Tract

Orr, Alastair, Jabbar, M.A., Mazid, M.A. and Karmakar, B. (2008) Decision-making for rabi cropping in the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh: a farmer perspective. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 157-174. ISBN 9712202291

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

barley

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

Bay of Bangal

Blowfield, M.E. (1993) Socio-economic case studies: a progress report on the Bay of Bengal Project socio-economic case studies in Bangladesh, 11 - 25 October 1993 (NRI report no. R 2032(R)). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bayesian network

Holt, Johnson, Leach, Adrian W., Schrader, Gritta, Petter, Francoise, MacLeod, Alan, van der Gaag, Dirk Jan, Baker, Richard H. A. and Mumford, John D. (2014) Eliciting and combining decision criteria using a limited palette of utility functions and uncertainty distributions: illustrated by application to pest risk analysis. Risk Analysis, 34 (1). pp. 4-16. ISSN 0272-4332 (Print), 1539-6924 (Online) (doi:10.1111/risa.12089)

Bead array

van Brunschot, Sharon L., Bergervoet, Jan H. W., Pagendam, Daniel E., de Weerdt, Marjanne, Geering, Andrew D. W., Drenth, André and van der Vlugt, René A. A. (2014) Development of a multiplexed bead-based suspension array for the detection and discrimination of Pospiviroid plant pathogens. PLoS ONE, 9 (1):e84743. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084743)

beans

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

Becker-DeGroot-Marschak mechanism

Birol, Ekin, Meenakshi, J. V., Oparinde, Adewale, Perez, Salomon and Tomlins, Keith (2015) Developing country consumers’ acceptance of biofortified foods: a synthesis. Food Security, 7 (3). pp. 555-568. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-015-0464-7)

Beef

Pintado, Ana I.E., Monteiro, Maria J.P., Talon, Régine, Leroy, Sabine, Scislowski, Valérie, Fliedel, Geneviève, Rakoto, Danielle, Maraval, Isabelle, Costa, Ana I.A., Silva, Ana P., Pallet, Dominique, Tomlins, Keith and Pintado, Manuela M.E. (2015) Consumer acceptance and sensory profiling of reengineered kitoza products. Food Chemistry, 198. pp. 75-84. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.08.128)

bees

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Faruq, Samia, Savolainen, Vincent, McOwan, Peter W. and Chittka, Lars (2010) FReD: the Floral Reflectance Database - a web portal for analyses of flower colour. PLoS ONE, 5 (12). e14287. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014287)

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Osborne, Juliet L., Smith, Alan, Clark, Suzanne J., Reynolds, Don R., Barron, Mandy C., Lim, Ka S. and Reynolds, Andy M. (2013) The ontogeny of bumblebee flight trajectories: From naïve explorers to experienced foragers. PLoS ONE, 8 (11):e78681. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078681)

begomovirus

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S. and Thresh, J.M. (2002) First report of a distinct begomovirus infecting cassava in Zanzibar. Plant Disease, 86 (2). p. 187. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.187A)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Sharma, A., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Dubey, R.K. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Duranta leaf curl disease in India is associated with a begomovirus. Indian Journal of Virology, 20. pp. 5-6. ISSN 0970-2822

begomoviruses

Aswatha Narayana, D.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Shankarappa, K.S., Maruthi, M.N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Rekha, A.R. and Keshava Murthy, K.V. (2007) Distinct begomoviruses closely related to cassava mosaic viruses cause Indian Jatropha mosaic disease. International Journal of Virology, 3 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1816-4900 (doi:10.3923/ijv.2007.1.11)

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Alam, S.N., Kader, K.A., Cork, Alan and Colvin, John (2006) A novel begomovirus with distinct genomic and phenotypic features infects tomato in Bangladesh. Plant Pathology, 55 (2). p. 290. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01275.x)

behaviour

Esterhuizen, Johan, Rayaisse, Jean Baptiste, Tirados, Inaki, Mpiana, Serge, Solano, Philippe, Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Michael J. and Torr, Stephen J. (2011) Improving the cost-effectiveness of visual devices for the control of Riverine tsetse flies, the major vectors of Human African Trypanosomiasis. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5 (8):e1257. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001257)

Lindh, Jenny M., Goswami, Parikshit, Blackburn, Richard S., Arnold, Sarah E.J., Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Mike J. and Torr, Steve J. (2012) Optimizing the colour and fabric of targets for the control of the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6 (5):e1661. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001661)

Pimenta, Paulo Filemon, Bray, Daniel P., Yaman, Khatijah, Underhill, Beryl A., Mitchell, Fraser, Carter, Victoria and Hamilton, James G. C. (2014) Multi-modal analysis of courtship behaviour in the old world Leishmaniasis Vector Phlebotomus argentipes. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 8 (12):e3316. ISSN 1935-2735 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003316)

Schofield, Steve and Torr, Steve J. (2010) Behavioural modalities of "non-vector" biting Diptera: from olfaction to feeding. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 291-308. ISBN 9789086860913

Belize

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Pratt, J.H., Warner, M.P. and Zisman, S.A. (1993) Agricultural development prospects in Belize (NRI Bulletin 48). [Working Paper]

Outhwaite, Opi (2004) Aspects of biosecurity regulation in Belize. In: University of Greenwich Annual Postgraduate Conference, May 2004, University of Greenwich, London, UK. (Unpublished)

Outhwaite, Opi (2010) Implementing biosecurity law in Belize. In: Seminar three: Implementing Biosecurity: Communication, Surveillance, Enforcement, ESRC Seminar Series, 26 Nov 2010, Birkbeck, University of London, UK. (Unpublished)

Belize Valley

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Bemisia afer

Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, R.J., Mtunda, K., Raya, M.D., Muhanna, M., Kiozia, H., Rekha, A.R., Colvin, J. and Thresh, J.M. (2005) Transmission of Cassava brown streak virus by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Journal Of Phytopathology, 153 (5). pp. 307-312. ISSN 0931-1785 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.00974.x)

Bemisia after

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Bemisia tabaci

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Banks, G.K., Colvin, J., Chowda, Reddy R.V., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V., Venkatesh, H.M., Kiran Kumar, M., Padmaja, A.S., Beitia, F.J. and Seal, S.E. (2001) First report of the Bemisia tabaci B biotype in India and an associated tomato leaf curl virus disease epidemic. Plant Disease, 85 (2). p. 231. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.2.231C)

Boykin, Laura M., Kinene, Tonny, Wainaina, James M., Savill, Anders, Seal, Susan, Mugerwa, Habibu, Macfadyen, Sarina, Tay, Wee Tek, De Barro, Paul, Kubatko, Laura, Alicai, Titus, Omongo, Christopher A., Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph and Sseruwagi, Peter (2018) Review and guide to a future naming system of African Bemisia tabaci species. Systematic Entomology. ISSN 0307-6970 (Print), 1365-3113 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1111/syen.12294)

Collins, Carl, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Colvin, John, Bailey, David and Seal, Susan (2014) Identification and evaluation of suitable reference genes for gene expression studies in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Asia I) by reverse transcription quantitative realtime PCR. Journal of Insect Science, 14 (1):63. pp. 1-25. ISSN 1536-2442 (doi:10.1673/031.014.63)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S., Gibson, G. and Cooper, J. (2002) Co-adaptation between cassava mosaic geminiviruses and their local vector populations. Virus Research, 86 (1-2). pp. 71-85. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/S0168-1702(02)00051-5)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, John, Gibson, Gabriella, Thwaites, Richard M., Banks, Gina K. and Seal, Susan E. (2004) Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Systematic Entomology, 29 (4). pp. 560-568. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00272.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Czosnek, H., Vidavski, F., Tarba, S-Y., Milo, J., Leviatov, S., Venkatesh, H.M., Padmaja, A.S., Kulkarni, R.S. and Muniyappa, V. (2003) Comparison of resistance to tomato leaf curl virus (India) and tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Israel) among Lycopersicon wild species, breeding lines and hybrids. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 109 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1022091905911)

Maruthi, M.N., Manjunatha, B., Rekha, A.R., Govindappa, M.R., Colvin, John and Muniyappa, V. (2006) Dolichos yellow mosaic virus belongs to a distinct lineage of Old World begomoviruses; its biological and molecular properties. Annals of Applied Biology, 149 (2). pp. 187-195. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00075.x)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal of Phytopathology. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal Of Phytopathology, 165 (11-12). pp. 707-717. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Seal, Susan, Jeger, M.J. and vandenBosch, F. (2006) Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 23-46. ISSN 0735-2689 (doi:10.1080/07352680500365257)

Shankarappa, K.S., Sriharsha, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Prameela, H.A., Kulkarni, R.S., Muniyappa, V., Rao, A.M. and Maruthi, M.N. (2008) Development of tomato hybrids resistant to tomato leaf curl virus disease in South India. Euphytica, 164 (2). pp. 531-539. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-008-9750-1)

van Brunschot, S.L., Bergervoet, J.H.W., Pagendam, D.E., de Weerdt, M., Geering, A.D.W., Drenth, A. and van der Vlugt, R.A.A. (2014) A bead-based suspension array for the multiplexed detection of begomoviruses and their whitefly vectors. Journal of Virological Methods, 198. pp. 86-94. ISSN 0166-0934 (Print), 1879-0984 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2013.12.014)

Bemisia tabaci whitefly species

Mugerwa, Habibu, Seal, Susan, Wang, Hua-Ling, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Kabaalu, Richard, Omongo, Christopher A., Alicai, Titus, Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph, Sseruwagi, Peter and Colvin, John (2018) African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species. Scientific Reports, 8 (1):2734. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20956-3)

bench terraces

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

beneficial insect predators

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

beneficiary

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

benefits

Bennett, Ben, Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2010) We know where the shoe pinches: a case study-based analysis of the social benefits of pesticides. Outlook on Agriculture, 39 (2). pp. 79-87. ISSN 0030-7270 (Print), 2043-6866 (Online) (doi:10.5367/000000010791745420)

Benin

N’cho, Simon Akahoua, Mourits, Monique, Rodenburg, Jonne, Demont, Matty and Oude Lansink, Alfons (2014) Determinants of parasitic weed infestation in rainfed lowland rice in Benin. Agricultural Systems, 130. pp. 105-115. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.07.003)

Touré, Amadou, Rodenburg, Jonne, Saito, Kazuki, Oikeh, Sylvester, Futakuchi, Koichi, Gumedzoe, Dieudonné and Huat, Joel (2011) Cultivar and weeding effects on weeds and rice yields in a degraded upland environment of the Coastal Savanna. Weed Technology, 25 (03). pp. 322-329. ISSN 0890-037X (doi:10.1614/wt-d-10-00172.1)

benomyl resistance

Fahleson, J., Nakyanzi, M., Okori, P., Seal, S., Kenyon, L. and Dixelius, C. (2009) Genetic analysis of Mycosphaerella fijiensis in the Ugandan Lake Victoria region reveals a homogenous population. Plant Pathology, 58 (5). pp. 888-897. ISSN 1365-3059 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02099.x)

Best Management Practices

Krupnik, Timothy J., Shennan, Carol, Settle, William H., Demont, Matty, Ndiaye, Alassane B. and Rodenburg, Jonne (2012) Improving irrigated rice production in the Senegal River Valley through experiential learning and innovation. Agricultural Systems, 109. pp. 101-112. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2012.01.008)

Better Cotton Initiative

Kumar, R., Nelson, V., Martin, A., Badal, D., Latheef, A., Suresh Reddy, B., Narayanan, L., Young, S. and Hartog, M. (2016) Evaluation of the early impacts of the better cotton initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, India: Baseline report. ISEAL Alliance, London.

Betul

Kleih, Ulrich, Som, Richa, Kumar, Yogesh, Jena, Surendra, Singh, Amitabh and Singh, Leena (2003) Household access to rural non-farm livelihoods. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals and questionnaire surveys in four blocks of Madhya Pradesh (NRI report no. 2378). [Working Paper]

Som, Richa, Kleih, Ulrich, Kumar, Yogesh and Jena, Surendra Kumar (2002) Rural non-farm employment in Madhya Pradesh. Findings of a participatory rural appraisal in 8 villages (NRI report no. 2694). [Working Paper]

Beverage

Silva, Ana Patricia, Franco, Maria Isabel, Mady, Cissé, Pallet, Dominique, Tomlins, Keith, Bennett, Ben, Pintado, Manuela and Sottomayor, Miguel (2016) Drivers of acceptance of a new beverage in Europe. Beverages, 2 (2):12. pp. 1-14. ISSN 2306-5710 (Online) (doi:10.3390/beverages2020012)

Beverton-Holt equations

Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Xiao, Yanni (2006) Optimal impulsive harvesting on non-autonomous Beverton-Holt difference equations. Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, 65 (12). pp. 2311-2341. ISSN 0362-546X (doi:10.1016/j.na.2006.02.049)

Beverton–Holt model

Wang, Xia, Xu, Zihui, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2017) Cumulative effects of incorrect use of pesticides can lead to catastrophic outbreaks of pests. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 100. pp. 7-19. ISSN 0960-0779 (doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2017.04.030)

bi-directional development

Bradburn, N., Coker, R.D., Jewers, K. and Tomlins, K.I. (1990) Evaluation of the ability of different concentrations of aqueous acetone, aqueous methanol and aqueous acetone: Methanol (1∶1) to extract aflatoxin from naturally contaminated maize. Chromatographia, 29 (9-10). pp. 435-440. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02261390)

Tomlins, K.I., Jewers, K., Coker, R.D. and Nagler, M.J. (1989) A bi-directional HPTLC development method for the detection of low levels of aflatoxin in maize extracts. Chromatographia, 27 (1-2). pp. 49-52. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02290404)

Bi-threshold value

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Dynamical analysis of plant disease models with cultural control strategies and economic thresholds. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 80 (5). pp. 894-921. ISSN 0378-4754 (doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2009.10.004)

bibliography

Adams, J.M. (1977) A bibliography on post-harvest losses in cereals and pulses with particular reference to tropical and subtropical countries (G110). [Working Paper]

Cox, D., Jones, D.M., Marder, R.C. and Wood, J. (1997) Processing and utilization of sorghum. Selected bibliographical references (with abstracts) from 1990 to 1996 (NRI Bulletin 72). [Working Paper]

Davis, C. (1991) Bibliography of Cicadulina (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) vectors of maize streak and related viruses (NRI Bulletin No. 40). [Working Paper]

Biennial bearing

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

bio-energy supply chains

Harvey, Patricia (2013) Sustainable non-food, bio-energy supply chains. In: Towards Establishing Value Chains for Bioenergy, 29-30 Apr 2013, Swakopmund, Namibia. (Unpublished)

bioaccessibility

Bechoff, Aurélie, Poulaert, Marie, Tomlins, Keith I., Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey, Young, Stephen and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2011) Retention and bioaccessibility of β-carotene in blended foods containing orange-fleshed sweet potato flour. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (18). pp. 10373-10380. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf201205y)

Biochar

Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) How good is the evidence that soil applied biochar improves water holding capacity? Soil Use and Management. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (In Press)

Milledge, John J., Staple, Alan and Harvey, Patricia J. (2015) Slow pyrolysis as a method for the destruction of Japanese wireweed, Sargassum muticum. Environment and Natural Resources Research, 5 (1). pp. 28-37. ISSN 1927-0488 (Print), 1927-0496 (Online) (doi:10.5539/enrr.v5n1p28)

Biochar production

Parmar, Aditya, Nema, Prabhat K. and Agarwal, Tripti (2014) Biochar production from agro-food industry residues: A sustainable approach for soil and environmental management. Current Science, 107 (10). pp. 1673-1682. ISSN 0011-3891

biochemistry

Rothschild, George H.L. (2014) Some personal recollections of pheromone research in Australia in the 1970s. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 40 (4). pp. 311-312. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-014-0420-6)

Biodiversity

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

Black, Robert and Kireeva, Irina (2009) International biosecurity frameworks to protect biodiversity with emphasis on science and risk assessment. In: Lockie, Stewart and Carpenter, David, (eds.) Agriculture, biodiversity and markets: livelihoods and agroecology in comparative perspective. Earthscan, Abingdon, UK, pp. 77-98. ISBN 9781844077762

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

Outhwaite, Opi (2010) The international legal framework for biosecurity and the challenges ahead. Review of European Community & International Environmental Law (RECIEL), 19 (2). pp. 207-226. ISSN 2050-0386 (Print), 2050-0394 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-9388.2010.00678.x)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Zwart, Sander J., Kiepe, Paul, Narteh, Lawrence T., Dogbe, Wilson and Wopereis, Marco C.S. (2013) Sustainable rice production in African inland valleys: Seizing regional potentials through local approaches. Agricultural Systems, 123. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.09.004)

biodiversity conservation

Idol, Travis, Haggar, Jeremy and Cox, Linda (2011) Ecosystem services from smallholder forestry and agroforestry in the tropics. In: Campbell, W. Bruce and López Ortíz, Silvia, (eds.) Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the field. Issues in Agroecology – Present Status and Future Prospectus (1). Springer, Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London / New York, pp. 209-270. ISBN 978-94-007-1308-6 (print), 978-94-007-1309-3 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1309-3_5)

biodiversity valuation

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

Bioflows

Hu, Gao, Lim, Ka S., Horvitz, Nir, Clark, Suzanne J., Reynolds, Don R., Sapir, Nir and Chapman, Jason W. (2016) Mass seasonal bioflows of high-flying insect migrants. Science, 354 (6319). pp. 1584-1587. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.aah4379)

biofortification

Birol, Ekin, Meenakshi, J. V., Oparinde, Adewale, Perez, Salomon and Tomlins, Keith (2015) Developing country consumers’ acceptance of biofortified foods: a synthesis. Food Security, 7 (3). pp. 555-568. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-015-0464-7)

Low, J., Ball, A., Magezi, S., Njoku, J., Mwanga, R., Andrade, M., Tomlins, K., Dove, R. and van Mourik, T. (2017) Sweet potato development and delivery in sub-Saharan Africa. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 17 (2). pp. 11955-11972. ISSN 1684-5358 (Print), 1684-5374 (Online) (doi:10.18697/ajfand.78.HarvestPlus07)

Meenakshi, J.V., Banerji, A., Manyong, Victor, Tomlins, Keith, Mittala, Nitya and Hamukwala, Priscilla (2012) Using a discrete choice experiment to elicit the demand for a nutritious food: Willingness-to-pay for orange maize in rural Zambia. Journal of Health Economics, 31 (1). pp. 62-71. ISSN 0167-6296 (doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2012.01.002)

biofortified cassava

Bechoff, Aurélie, Tomlins, Keith Ian, Chijioke, Ugo, Ilona, Paul, Westby, Andrew and Boy, Erick (2018) Physical losses could partially explain modest carotenoid retention in dried food products from biofortified cassava. PLoS ONE. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (In Press)

Biofuel crops

Khongnawang, Tibet and Williams, Meredith (2015) Land suitability evaluation using GIS-based multi-criteria decision making for bio-fuel crops cultivation in KhonKaen, Thailand. In: International Soil Conference 2015, 18-21 August 2015, The Regent Cha Am Beach Resort, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (Unpublished)

Bioinformatics

Visendi, Paul, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2013) Next generation sequencing and germplasm resources. Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources. Springer, Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 369-390. ISBN 978-9400775718 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7572-5_15)

Biological control

Black, Robert (2013) A Guide to the Development of Regulatory Frameworks for Microbial Biopesticides in Southern Africa. Manual. AATF, Nairobi.

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2013) Adaptive release of natural enemies in a pest-natural enemy system with pesticide resistance. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 75 (11). pp. 2167-2195. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-013-9886-6)

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2015) Models for determining how many natural enemies to release inoculatively in combinations of biological and chemical control with pesticide resistance. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 422 (2). pp. 1479-1503. ISSN 0022-247X (doi:10.1016/j.jmaa.2014.09.048)

Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Monadjem, Ara, McCleery, Robert and Belmain, Steven R (2017) Domestic cats and dogs create a landscape of fear for pest rodents around rural homesteads. PLoS ONE, 12 (2):e0171593. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171593)

Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Xiao, Yanni (2009) Effects of predator and prey dispersal on success or failure of biological control. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 71 (8). pp. 2025-2047. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-009-9438-2)

Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Mushobozi, Wilfred L. (2009) Biological control of armyworm in Africa: pitfalls and solutions. Pesticides News (84). pp. 18-19.

biological control agents

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

biological microscopy

Rothschild, George H.L. (2014) Some personal recollections of pheromone research in Australia in the 1970s. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 40 (4). pp. 311-312. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-014-0420-6)

biological pesticides

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

biomass energy technology

Robinson, A.P. and Coote, H.C. (1992) Report on a visit to Ghana to carry out a needs assessment/project identification mission in collaboration with the Ministry of Energy (NRI report no. R1830(S)). [Working Paper]

Biomass production Weed control Grain yield Nutrient uptake Soil organic carbon DayCent model

Buchi, Lucie, Wendling, Marina, Amossé, Camille, Necpalova, Magdalena and Charles, Raphaël (2018) Importance of cover crops in alleviating negative effects of reduced soil tillage and promoting soil fertility in a winter wheat cropping system. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 256. pp. 92-104. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2018.01.005)

Biomass residues

Parmar, Aditya, Nema, Prabhat K. and Agarwal, Tripti (2014) Biochar production from agro-food industry residues: A sustainable approach for soil and environmental management. Current Science, 107 (10). pp. 1673-1682. ISSN 0011-3891

biopesticide

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

biopesticides

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

bioremediation

Balasubramaniyam, Anuluxshy (2012) Root adaptive responses of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) growing in sand treated with petroleum hydrocarbon contamination. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

biosafety level

Brewer, Helen C., Hird, Diane L., Bailey, Andy M., Seal, Susan E. and Foster, Gary D. (2018) A guide to the contained use of plant virus infectious clones. Plant Biotechnology Journal. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12876)

Biosecurity

Black, Robert (2017) Reflections on biosecurity legislation in developing countries: increasing market access or maintaining unequal terms of trade? In: Reflections on Biosecurity Legislation in Developing Countries: Increasing Market Access or Maintaining Unequal Terms of Trade, 13 February 2017, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies. (Submitted)

Outhwaite, Opi (2004) Aspects of biosecurity regulation in Belize. In: University of Greenwich Annual Postgraduate Conference, May 2004, University of Greenwich, London, UK. (Unpublished)

Outhwaite, Opi (2010) Implementing biosecurity law in Belize. In: Seminar three: Implementing Biosecurity: Communication, Surveillance, Enforcement, ESRC Seminar Series, 26 Nov 2010, Birkbeck, University of London, UK. (Unpublished)

Outhwaite, Opi (2013) Legal frameworks for biosecurity. In: Dobson, Andrew, Barker, Kezia and Taylor, Sarah L., (eds.) Biosecurity: The Socio-Politics of Invasive Species and Infectious Diseases. Routledge / Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, Oxon, UK, pp. 75-90. ISBN 9780415534765 (doi:10.4324/9780203113110)

Outhwaite, Opi (2010) The international legal framework for biosecurity and the challenges ahead. Review of European Community & International Environmental Law (RECIEL), 19 (2). pp. 207-226. ISSN 2050-0386 (Print), 2050-0394 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-9388.2010.00678.x)

biosynthesis

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

Biotransformation

Martins, Mónica, Assunção, Ana, Neto, André, Silva, Gonçalo, Sghaier, Haïtham and Costa, Maria Clara (2016) Performance and bacterial community shifts during phosphogypsum biotransformation. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227 (12):437. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0049-6979 (Print), 1573-2932 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11270-016-3129-z)

biotype

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

bird pest control

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

Cheke, Robert A., Venn, Jon F. and Jones, Peter J. (2007) Forecasting suitable breeding conditions for the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea in southern Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44 (3). pp. 523-533. ISSN 0021-8901 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01295.x)

bird predation

Cheke, Robert A., Mullie, W.C. and Ibrahim, A.B. (2006) Synergy between bird predation and locust control with Metarhizium. In: ANCAP/SETAC International Conference on pesticide use in developing countries: environmental fate, effects and public health implications, 16-20 Oct 2006, Arusha, Tanzania. (Unpublished)

bird species

Cheke, Robert A. (2016) Red Kites and Common Buzzard following the hay harvest. British Birds, 109. pp. 300-302. ISSN 0007-0335

Bisabolene

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Innocenzi, Paul J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Chemical and electrophysiological studies on Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9789953010632

biting flies

Torr, Steve J. and Solano, Philippe (2010) Olfaction in Glossina – host interactions: a tale of two tsetse. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 265-290. ISBN 9789086860913

Biting midges

Isberg, Elin, Bray, Daniel Peter, Hillbur, Ylva and Ignell, Rickard (2017) Evaluation of host-derived volatiles for trapping Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (7). pp. 662-669. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0860-x)

Biting rates

Cheke, R. A., Young, S. and Garms, R. (2016) Inverse density dependence of parity rates in the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 30 (1). pp. 85-88. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mve.12145)

Bitter pit

Buti, Matteo, Sargent, Daniel, Velasco, Ricardo and Colgan, Richard (2018) A study of gene expression changes at the Bp-2 locus associated with bitter pit symptom expression in apples (Malus pumila). Molecular Breeding. ISSN 1380-3743 (Print), 1572-9788 (Online) (In Press)

black bean aphid

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

black Sigatoka

Fahleson, J., Nakyanzi, M., Okori, P., Seal, S., Kenyon, L. and Dixelius, C. (2009) Genetic analysis of Mycosphaerella fijiensis in the Ugandan Lake Victoria region reveals a homogenous population. Plant Pathology, 58 (5). pp. 888-897. ISSN 1365-3059 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02099.x)

black tiger shrimp

Kleih, Ulrich, Graffham, Andrew, Ich, Tran Cong, Hung, Ngo, Peacock, Nigel and Johansen, Soren (2009) Development of national strategy to enhance trade opportunities for Vietnamese shrimp. Revised final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

blackflies

Adler, Peter H., Cheke, Robert A. and Post, Rory J. (2010) Evolution, epidemiology, and population genetics of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 10 (7). pp. 846-865. ISSN 1567-1348 (doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2010.07.003)

bluetongue

Sanders, Christopher J., Shortall, Chris R., Gubbins, Simon, Burgin, Laura, Gloster, John, Harrington, Richard, Reynolds, Don R., Mellor, Philip S. and Carpenter, Simon (2011) Influence of season and meteorological parameters on flight activity of Culicoides biting midges. Journal Of Applied Ecology, 48 (6). pp. 1355-1364. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02051.x)

bobgunnia

Stevenson, Philip C., Nyirenda, Stephen P. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2010) Highly glycosylated flavonoids from the pods of Bobgunnia madagascariensis. Tetrahedron Letters, 51 (36). pp. 4727-4730. ISSN 0040-4039 (doi:10.1016/j.tetlet.2010.07.013)

Bolangir District

Wandschneider, Tiago and Mishra, Pravas (2003) The role of small rural towns in Bolangir District, India: a village-level perspective (NRI report no. 2750). [Working Paper]

Bolivia

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) How can the poor benefit from private investment in agricultural research? A case study from Bolivia. Development in Practice, 15 (3 & 4). pp. 325-336. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614520500076043)

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) Potential mechanisms for increasing the contribution of the private sector to agricultural research, development and technology transfer in Bolivia. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bombus

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

Koch, Hauke, Brown, Mark J. F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) The role of disease in bee foraging ecology. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 21. pp. 60-67. ISSN 2214-5753 (Print), 2214-5745 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cois.2017.05.008)

Palmer-Young, Evan, Sadd, Ben M., Stevenson, Philip C., Irwin, Rebecca E. and Adler, Lynn S. (2016) Bumble bee parasite strains vary in resistance to phytochemicals. Scientific Reports, 6:37087. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/srep37087)

Bombus terrestris

Folly, Arran J., Koch, Hauke, Stevenson, Philip C. and Brown, Mark J. F. (2017) Larvae act as a transient transmission hub for the prevalent bumblebee parasite Crithidia bombi. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 148. pp. 81-85. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2017.06.001)

Boron

Davies, M. J., Atkinson, C. J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

bostrichidae

Nguyen, Duong T., Hodges, Rick J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2007) Do walking Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) locate cereal hosts by chance? Journal of Stored Products Research, 44 (1). pp. 90-99. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.008)

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Botanical insecticide

Green, Paul W. C., Belmain, Steven R., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Insecticidal activity in Tithonia diversifolia and Vernonia amygdalina. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.021)

botanical insecticides

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Odour-mediated orientation of beetles is influenced by age, sex and morph. PLOS ONE, 7 (11):e49071. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049071)

Dales, M.J. (1996) A review of plant materials used for controlling insect pests of stored products (NRI Bulletin 65). [Working Paper]

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

Ogendo, J.O., Belmain, S.R., Deng, A.L. and Walker, D.J. (2003) Comparison of toxic and repellent effects of Lantana camara L. with Tephrosia vogelii hook and a synthetic pesticide against Sitophilus zeamais motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 23 (02). pp. 127-135. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1017/S1742758400020348)

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

Stevenson, Philip C., Isman, Murray B. and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Pesticidal plants in Africa: a global vision of new biological control products from local uses. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 2-9. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.034)

Botanical pesticide

Kamanula, John F., Belmain, Steven R., Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Goyder, David J., Mvumi, Brighton M., Masumbu, Friday F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 75-82. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.036)

Botanical products

Mkindi, Angela, Mpumi, Nelson, Tembo, Yolice, Stevenson, Philip C., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Mtei, Kelvin, Machunda, Revocatus and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Invasive weeds with pesticidal properties as potential new crops. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 113-122. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.002)

botanical protectants

Dales, M.J. (1996) A review of plant materials used for controlling insect pests of stored products (NRI Bulletin 65). [Working Paper]

botanicals

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

Botswana

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

Boundary function

Niang, Abibou, Becker, Mathias, Ewert, Frank, Dieng, Ibnou, Gaiser, Thomas, Tanaka, Atsuko, Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu, Rodenburg, Jonne, Johnson, Jean-Martial, Akakpo, Cyriaque, Segda, Zacharie, Gbakatchetche, Henri, Jaiteh, Famara, Bam, Ralph K., Dogbe, Wilson, Keita, Sékou, Kamissoko, Nianankoro, Mossi, Illiassou Maïga, Bakare, Oladele S., Cissé, Madiama, Baggie, Idriss, Ablede, Komlan A. and Saito, Kazuki (2017) Variability and determinants of yields in rice production systems of West Africa. Field Crops Research, 207. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.02.014)

Bounded learning-by-doing

Shee, Apurba and Stefanou, Spiro E. (2016) Bounded learning-by-doing and sources of firm level productivity growth in Colombian food manufacturing industry. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 46 (2-3). pp. 185-197. ISSN 0895-562X (Print), 1573-0441 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11123-016-0481-3)

box container

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

brand

Kleih, Ulrich, Peacock, Nigel, Hung, Ngo and Ich, Tran Cong (2007) Development of brand name strategies by producer groups. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

branding

Kleih, Ulrich, Peacock, Nigel, Hung, Ngo and Ich, Tran Cong (2007) Development of brand name strategies by producer groups. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

brasicca

Nyirenda, Stephen P., Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Kamanula, John F., Mvumi, Brighton M., Sola, Phosiso, Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers’ ethno-ecological knowledge of vegetable pests and pesticidal plant use in Malawi and Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (6). pp. 1525-1537. ISSN 1991-637X

Brassica

Hale, Kerry L., Tufan, Hale A., Pickering, Ingrid J., George, Graham N., Terry, Norman, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2002) Anthocyanins facilitate tungsten accumulation in Brassica. Physiologia Plantarum, 116 (3). pp. 351-358. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1160310.x)

brassica crops

Russell, Derek A. (2008) Insect resistant cabbage and cauliflower: the CIMBAA public-private partnership. In: Dhawan, Vibha, (ed.) Agriculture for food security and rural growth. TERI Press The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi. ISBN 978-8179931523

Brassica oleracea

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

brazil nut

Collinson, Chris, Burnett, Duncan and Agreda, Victor (2000) Economic viability of Brazil nut trading in Peru (NRI report no. 2520). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

bread

Shittu, T. A., Egwunyenga, R. I., Sanni, L. O. and Abayomi, L. (2014) Bread from composite plantain-wheat flour: I. Effect of plantain fruit maturity and flour mixture on dough rheology and fresh loaf qualities. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 38 (4). pp. 1821-1829. ISSN 0145-8892 (Print), 1745-4549 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jfpp.12153)

breeding

Mulungu, L. S., Mlyashimbi, E. C. M., Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M., Katakweba, A. S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F. P., Mchomvu, M., Kilonzo, B. S. and Belmain, S. R. (2014) Food preferences of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in irrigated rice habitats in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management, 60 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2013.871759)

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Rodenburg, Jonne and Bastiaans, Lammert (2011) Host-plant defence against Striga spp.: reconsidering the role of tolerance. Weed Research, 51 (5). pp. 438-441. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2011.00871.x)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert, Weltzien, Eva and Hess, Dale E. (2004) How can field selection for Striga resistance and tolerance in sorghum be improved? Field Crops Research, 93 (1). pp. 34-50. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2004.09.004)

Brindley’s gland

González Audino, P., Alzogaray, R.A., Vassena, C., Masuh, H., Fontán, A., Gatti, P., Martínez, A., Camps, F., Cork, Alan and Zerba, E. (2007) Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley’s glands of adult Triatoma infestans:identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds. Journal of Vector Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 75-82. ISSN 1081-1710

Broad-spectrum herbicides

Demont, Matty, Rodenburg, Jonne, Diagne, Mandiaye and Diallo, Souleymane (2009) Ex ante impact assessment of herbicide resistant rice in the Sahel. Crop Protection, 28 (9). pp. 728-736. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.05.012)

broken grains (brokens)

Manful, John T., Abbey, Lawrence D. and Coker, Raymond D. (2009) Effect of artisanal parboiling methods on milling yield and cooked rice textural characteristics. Journal of Food Quality, 32 (6). pp. 725-734. ISSN 0146-9428 (Print), 1745-4557 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2009.00283.x)

Brong-Ahafo

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Opoku-Apau, A., Dankyi, A.A. and Delimini, L.L. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Ghana. A study of maize and cowpea seed in the Brong-Ahafo and Volta regions (NRI Bulletin 68). [Working Paper]

Brood diseases

Folly, Arran J., Koch, Hauke, Stevenson, Philip C. and Brown, Mark J. F. (2017) Larvae act as a transient transmission hub for the prevalent bumblebee parasite Crithidia bombi. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 148. pp. 81-85. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2017.06.001)

broomrape

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

brown locust

Crooks, William T.S. and Cheke, Robert (2014) Soil moisture assessments for brown locust Locustana pardalina breeding potential using synthetic aperture radar. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing (JARS), 8 (1):084898. ISSN 1931-3195 (doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.084898)

brown planthopper

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, Malcolm (1991) The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia (NRI Bulletin No. 39). [Working Paper]

brown rust

Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, Malcolm (1991) The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia (NRI Bulletin No. 39). [Working Paper]

bruchid

Stevenson, Philip C., Dayarathna, Thamara K., Belmain, Steven R. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (19). pp. 8860-8867. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf901599j)

bruchid beetles

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

bruchids

Belmain, Steven R., Amoah, Barbara A., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Kamanula, John F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (40). pp. 10055-10063. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf3032217)

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

Bryocoropsis laticollis

Sarfo, J. E., Campbell, C. A. M. and Hall, D. R. (2018) Design and placement of synthetic sex pheromone traps for cacao mirids in Ghana. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758417000340)

Bryophyta

Leharne, Stephen, McPhee, Euan and Kingston, Lynda (1990) The pattern of metal deposition to a woodland ecosystem as revealed by bryophyte analysis. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 15 (2). pp. 131-141. ISSN 0167-6369 (Print), 1573-2959 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF00398911)

bryophytes

Leharne, Stephen, McPhee, Euan and Kingston, Lynda (1990) The pattern of metal deposition to a woodland ecosystem as revealed by bryophyte analysis. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 15 (2). pp. 131-141. ISSN 0167-6369 (Print), 1573-2959 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF00398911)

BT

Perry, Joe N. (2011) The effect of BT-maize on butterflies - reckoning the risk. Outlooks on Pest Managment, 22 (5). pp. 199-205. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/22oct02)

Bt cotton

Hillocks, R.J. (2009) GM cotton for Africa. Outlook on Agriculture, 38 (4). pp. 311-316. ISSN 0030-7270 (doi:10.5367/000000009790422142)

Bt-cotton

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R. (2009) Changing trends in cotton pest management. In: Peshin, Rajinder and Dhawan, Ashok K., (eds.) Integrated Pest Management: Innovation-Development Process. Springer Science and Business Media (Netherlands), Dordrecht, pp. 499-541. ISBN 978-1-4020-8991-6 (Print) 978-1-4020-8992-3 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8992-3_17)

Bt-crops

Lacey, L.A., Grzywacz, D., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Frutos, R., Brownbridge, M. and Goettel, M.S. (2015) Insect pathogens as biological control agents: back to the future. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 132. pp. 1-41. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2015.07.009)

Buchnera aphidicola

Bouvaine, Sophie, Boonham, Neil and Douglas, Angela E. (2011) Interactions between a luteovirus and the GroEL chaperonin protein of the symbiotic bacterium Buchnera aphidicola of aphids. Journal of General Virology, 92 (6). pp. 1467-1474. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.029355-0)

Buchnera hispida

Rodenburg, Jonne, Riches, Charles R. and Kayeke, Juma M. (2009) Addressing current and future problems of parasitic weeds in rice. Crop Protection, 29 (3). pp. 210-221. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.10.015)

Bud weevils

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

bulblets

Antonidaki-Giatromanolaki, A., Orchard, J.E., Dragassaki, M. and Vlahos, J.C. (2008) Propagation of Sternbergia sicula, by seed and tissue culture. In: Criley, R.A., (ed.) XXVII International Horticultural Congress - IHC2006: International Symposium on Ornamentals. Acta Horticulturae (766). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 149-154. ISBN 978-90-66051-56-0 ISSN 0567-7572

Bulgaria

Wandschneider, Tiago Sequeira, Davis, Junior R. and Hancock, Jim (2002) Rural non-farm employment and development in transition economies. Proceedings of a workshop held at the Old Royal Naval College, University of Greenwich, London. [Working Paper]

bulk container

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

bulk grain storage

Friendship, C.A.R. and Compton, J.A.F. (1991) Bag or bulk? A decision-making checklist (NRI Bulletin No. 45). [Working Paper]

bulk handling

Friendship, C.A.R. and Compton, J.A.F. (1991) Bag or bulk? A decision-making checklist (NRI Bulletin No. 45). [Working Paper]

bulk maize

Mvumi, Brighton M., Stathers, Tanya, Golob, P. and Giga, D.P. (2006) Penetration of Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) through diatomaceous earth-treated bulk maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 26 (1). pp. 28-34. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1079/IJT200694)

bumblebee

Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Chittka, Lars (2012) Illumination preference, illumination constancy and colour discrimination by bumblebees in an environment with patchy light. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 215 (13). pp. 2173-2180. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.065565)

Bumblebees

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

bumper crop

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

bunkers

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

Burkina Faso

Rayaisse, J.B., Tirados, I., Kaba, D., Dewhirst, S.Y., Logan, J.G., Diarrassouba, A., Salou, E., Omolo, M.O., Solano, P., Lehane, M.J., Pickett, J.A., Vale, G.A., Torr, S.J.. and Esterhuizen, J. (2010) Prospects for the development of odour baits to control the tsetse flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4 (3). e632. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000632)

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Hall, David R., Douglas, Paul, Centeno, Felix, Ibarra, Nieves, Schroeder, Martin, Teale, Stephen A., Wang, Zhiying, Yan, Shanchun, Millar, Jocelyn G. and Hanks, Lawrence M. (2013) 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 149 (2). pp. 118-127. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12113)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

Butyrylcholinesterase

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

by-catch

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

Bycatch

Fountain, Michelle T., Baroffio, Catherine, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Brain, Phil, Cross, Jerry V., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R., Ralle, Baiba, Rendina, Paulo, Richoz, Pauline, Sigsgaard, Lene, Storberget, Sverre, Trandem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2017) Design and deployment of semiochemical traps for capturing 1 Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Lygus rugulipennis Poppius (Hetereoptera: Miridae) in soft fruit crops. Crop Protection, 99. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2017.05.001)

Byturus tomentosus

Hall, David, Baroffio, Catherine, Sigsgaard, Lene, Ahrenfeldt, Erica, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Bruun, S.A., Cross, Jerry, Fountain, Michelle, Mozuraitis, Raimondas, Ralle, Baba, Trandrem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2018) Combining plant volatiles and pheromones to catch two insect pests in the same trap: examples from two berry crops. Crop Protection, 109. pp. 1-8. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.02.025)

C. brunneus Fabricius

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Mwanga, Robert O.M., Talwana, Herbert, Murumu, J. and Odongo, B. (2007) The relationship between stem base and root damage by Cylas spp. on sweetpotato. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8. pp. 955-957. ISSN 1023-070X

C.A.F.E. Practices

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

C3

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

C4

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

Ca.P. prunorum

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

Ca.P. pyri

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

CAAPD

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

Cabbage Whitefly

Springate, Simon (2017) The cabbage whitefly Aleyrodes proletella and its natural enemies on wild cabbage Brassica oleracea on the Kent coast. Transactions of the Kent Field Club, 20. pp. 42-58. ISSN 0141-1225

cabbage whitefly

Springate, Simon and Colvin, John (2011) Pyrethroid insecticide resistance in British populations of the cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella. Pest Management Science, 68 (2). pp. 260-267. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.2255)

cacao

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

caffeic acid ester

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

calibration

Toscano, P., Gioli, B., Genesio, L., Vaccari, F. P., Miglietta, F., Zaldei, A., Crisci, A., Ferrari, E., Bertuzzi, F., La Cava, P., Ronchi, C., Silvestri, M., Peressotti, A. and Porter, J. R. (2014) Durum wheat quality prediction in Mediterranean environments: From local to regional scale. European Journal of Agronomy, 61. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1161-0301 (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2014.08.003)

California

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

Callosobruchus

Stevenson, Philip C., Dayarathna, Thamara K., Belmain, Steven R. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (19). pp. 8860-8867. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf901599j)

Callosobruchus maculatus

Belmain, Steven R., Amoah, Barbara A., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Kamanula, John F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (40). pp. 10055-10063. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf3032217)

Green, Paul W. C., Belmain, Steven R., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Insecticidal activity in Tithonia diversifolia and Vernonia amygdalina. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.021)

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

Stathers, Tanya, Denniff, M. and Golob, P. (2004) The efficacy and persistence of diatomaceous earths admixed with commodity against four tropical stored product beetle pests. Journal of Stored Products Research, 40 (1). pp. 113-123. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/S0022-474X(02)00083-8)

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

callus culture

Smith, Anthony R.W. and Hodson, Andrew (2010) Effects of pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum strain C28, outer membrane and LPS preparations on cherry callus. Journal of Phytopathology, 159 (5). pp. 358-367. ISSN 1439-0434 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2010.01773.x)

Canard cycle

Yang, Jin, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2013) Global stability and sliding bifurcations of a non-smooth Gause predator–prey system. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 224. pp. 9-20. ISSN 0096-3003 (doi:10.1016/j.amc.2013.08.024)

Candidatus Phytoplasma mali

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

canned fish

Marter, A.D. (1985) United Kingdom markets for edible fish products with special reference to products of developing country origin (G190). Tropical Development and Research Institute, London, UK. ISBN 0-85954-195-9

capacity

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

capacity building

Kleih, U. and Kaira, C.K. (2003) Improved food crops marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Proposal for Phase II of the project (April 2003 - March 2005). [Working Paper]

capacity building and stakeholder organisation

Clements, Rebecca, Haggar, Jeremy, Quezada, Alicia and Torres, Juan (2011) Technologies for climate change adaptation: agricultural sector. TNA Guidebook Series . UNEP Risø Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development / Practical Action, Roskilde, Denmark. ISBN 978-87-550-3927-8

capacity development

Chancellor, Tim, Hauser, Michael and Sarfatti, Paolo (2014) European partnerships for demand-led agricultural research and capacity development: the case of Africa. Knowledge for Development.

Maroya, N., Asiedu, R., Lava Kumar, P., Mignouna, D., Lopez-Montes, A., Kleih, U., Phillips, D., Ndiame, F., Ikeorgu, J. and Otoo, E. (2014) Yam improvement for income and food security in West Africa: Effectiveness of a multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional team-work. Journal of Root Crops, 40 (1). pp. 85-92. ISSN 2454-9053

capacity strengthening

Posthumus, Helena, Martin, Adrienne and Chancellor, Timothy (2013) A systematic review on the impacts of capacity strengthening of agricultural research systems for development and the conditions of success. Technical Report. Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre), Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK.

carbohydrates

Rees, Deborah, van Oirschot, Quirien and Aked, Julia (2008) The role of carbohydrates in wound-healing of sweetpotato roots at low humidity. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 50 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0925-5214 (doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2008.03.019)

carbon

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

Carbon dioxide

Isberg, Elin, Bray, Daniel Peter, Hillbur, Ylva and Ignell, Rickard (2017) Evaluation of host-derived volatiles for trapping Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (7). pp. 662-669. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0860-x)

Torr, Stephen J., Mangwiro, T.N.C. and Hall, David R. (2006) The effects of host physiology on the attraction of tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) and Stomoxys (Diptera: Muscidae) to cattle. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 96 (1). pp. 71-84. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1079/BER2005404)

carbon footprinting

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

carbon sequestration

Büchi, Lucie, Wendling, Marina, Amossé, Camille, Jeangros, Bernard, Sinaj, Sokrat and Charles, Raphaël (2017) Long and short term changes in crop yield and soil properties induced by the reduction of soil tillage in a long term experiment in Switzerland. Soil and Tillage Research, 174. pp. 120-129. ISSN 0167-1987 (Print), 1879-3444 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.still.2017.07.002)

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Olesen, Jørgen E. and Porter, John R. (2012) Root carbon input in organic and inorganic fertilizer-based systems. Plant and Soil, 359 (1-2). pp. 321-333. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-012-1208-5)

Idol, Travis, Haggar, Jeremy and Cox, Linda (2011) Ecosystem services from smallholder forestry and agroforestry in the tropics. In: Campbell, W. Bruce and López Ortíz, Silvia, (eds.) Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the field. Issues in Agroecology – Present Status and Future Prospectus (1). Springer, Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London / New York, pp. 209-270. ISBN 978-94-007-1308-6 (print), 978-94-007-1309-3 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1309-3_5)

carbon stocks

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

Haggar, Jeremy, Soto, Gabriela, Casanoves, Fernando and de Melo Virginio, Elias (2017) Environmental-economic benefits and trade-offs on sustainably certified coffee farms. Ecological Indicators, 79. pp. 330-337. ISSN 1470-160X (doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.04.023)

carbon storage

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

carnivores

Williams, Samual T., Maree, Naudene, Taylor, Peter, Belmain, Steven R., Keith, Mark and Swanepoel, Lourens H. (2018) Camera trap and questionnaire dataset on ecosystem services provided by small carnivores in agro-ecosystems in South Africa. Data in Brief, 18. pp. 753-759. ISSN 2352-3409 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.dib.2018.03.071)

carotenoid

Bechoff, Aurélie, Westby, Andrew, Owori, Constance, Menya, Geoffrey, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dufour, Dominique and Tomlins, Keith (2009) Effect of drying and storage on the degradation of total carotenoids in orange-fleshed sweetpotato cultivars. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90 (4). pp. 622-629. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.3859)

carotenoid degradation

Bechoff, A., Tomlins, K.I., Dhuique-Mayer, C. and Westby, A. (2009) Understanding losses of provitamin A after drying and storage of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomea batatas). In: The Fifteenth Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops, 2-6 Nov 2009, Lima, Peru.

carotenoids

Bechoff, A., Dufour, D., Dhuique-Mayer, C., Marouzé, C., Reynes, M. and Westby, A. (2008) Effect of hot air, solar and sun drying treatments on provitamin A retention in orange-fleshed sweetpotato. Journal of Food Engineering, 92 (2). pp. 164-171. ISSN 0260-8774 (doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2008.10.034)

Bechoff, Aurelie, Tomlins, Keith, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dove, Richard and Westby, Andrew (2010) On-farm evaluation of the impact of drying and storage on the carotenoid content of orange-fleshed sweet potato (Ipomea batata Lam.). International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 46 (1). pp. 52-60. ISSN 0950-5423 (Print), 1365-2621 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2010.02450.x)

Bechoff, Aurélie (2010) Investigating carotenoid loss after drying and storage of orange-fleshed sweet potato. PhD thesis, Natural Resources Institute.

Bechoff, Aurélie, Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie, Dornier, Manuel, Tomlins, Keith I., Boulanger, Renaud, Dufour, Dominique and Westby, Andrew (2010) Relationship between the kinetics of β-carotene degradation and formation of norisoprenoids in the storage of dried sweet potato chips. Food Chemistry, 121 (2). pp. 348-357. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.12.035)

Bechoff, Aurélie, Poulaert, Marie, Tomlins, Keith I., Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey, Young, Stephen and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2011) Retention and bioaccessibility of β-carotene in blended foods containing orange-fleshed sweet potato flour. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (18). pp. 10373-10380. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf201205y)

Bechoff, Aurélie, Tomlins, Keith Ian, Chijioke, Ugo, Ilona, Paul, Westby, Andrew and Boy, Erick (2018) Physical losses could partially explain modest carotenoid retention in dried food products from biofortified cassava. PLoS ONE. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (In Press)

case studies

Bennett, Ben, Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2010) We know where the shoe pinches: a case study-based analysis of the social benefits of pesticides. Outlook on Agriculture, 39 (2). pp. 79-87. ISSN 0030-7270 (Print), 2043-6866 (Online) (doi:10.5367/000000010791745420)

cashew

Digges, P., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1997) International markets for African agricultural exports: agricultural policy reform and agricultural exports (NRI Marketing Series 10). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

cashew nut

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

Cassava

Abdulsalam-Saghir, P., Sanni, L., Siwoku, B., Adebayo, K., Martin, A. M. and Westby, A. (2012) Cassava: adding value for Africa - Strategic market initiatives that support wealth creation for women along the Cassava Value Chains in Southwest, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science and Environment, 12 (2). pp. 70-82. ISSN 2277-2755 (Print), 2315-7453 (Online)

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bechoff, Aurelie (2017) Use and nutritional value of cassava roots and leaves as a traditional food. In: Hershey, Clair, (ed.) Achieving sustainable cassava cultivation. Bdspublishing. (Submitted)

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Compton, J.A.F., Wright, M., Gay, C. and Stabrawa, A. (1992) A rapid method for loss assessment in stored maize and dried cassava. Interim report for project R5103. [Working Paper]

Ferraro, Vincenza, Piccirillo, Clara, Tomlins, Keith and Pintado, Manuela E. (2015) Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and Yam (Dioscorea spp.) Crops and their derived foodstuffs: Safety, security and nutritional value. Critical reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56 (16). pp. 2714-2727. ISSN 1040-8398 (Print), 1549-7852 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10408398.2014.922045)

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie, Richardson, Simon C. W., Ghanim, Murad and Maruthi, M. N. (2017) Fitness costs associated with infections of secondary endosymbionts in the cassava whitefly species Bemisia tabaci. Journal of Pest Science, 91. pp. 17-28. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-017-0910-8)

Golob, P., Marsland, N., Nyambo, B., Mutambuki, K., Moshy, A., Kasalile, E.C., Tran, B.H.M., Birkinshaw, L. and Day, R. (1999) Coping strategies adopted by small-scale farmers in Tanzania and Kenya to counteract problems caused by storage pests, particularly the Larger Grain Borer. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

Long, Yang, Guan-dong, Zhang, Yan-chao, Song, Westby, Andrew, Kai-mian, Li and Song-bi, Chen (2017) Nutrient and feed value analysis in leaves of cassava wild species and cultivars. Journal of Southern Agriculture, 48 (2). pp. 238-245. ISSN 2095-1191 (doi:10.3969/j:issn.2095-1191.2017.02.238)

Macfadyen, Sarina, Paull, Cate, Boykin, Laura M., De Barro, Paul, Maruthi, M. N., Ghosh, Saptarshi, Otim, Michael, Kalyebi, Andrew, Vassão, Daniel G., Sseruwagi, Peter, Tay, Wee Tek, Delatte, Helen, Seguni, Zuberi, Colvin, John and Omongo, Christopher Abu (2018) Cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in sub-Saharan African farming landscapes: a review of the factors determining abundance. Bulletin of Entomological Research. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1017/S0007485318000032)

Maruthi, M.N., Bouvaine, Sophie, Tufan, Hale A., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Hillocks, Rory J. (2014) Transcriptional response of virus-infected cassava and identification of putative sources of resistance for cassava brown streak disease. PLoS ONE, 9 (5):e96642. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096642)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S. and Thresh, J.M. (2002) First report of a distinct begomovirus infecting cassava in Zanzibar. Plant Disease, 86 (2). p. 187. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.187A)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, John, Gibson, Gabriella, Thwaites, Richard M., Banks, Gina K. and Seal, Susan E. (2004) Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Systematic Entomology, 29 (4). pp. 560-568. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00272.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal of Phytopathology. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal Of Phytopathology, 165 (11-12). pp. 707-717. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Masinde, Emily A., Mkamillo, Geoffrey, Ogendo, Joshua O., Hillocks, Rory, Mulwa, Richard M. S., Kimata, Bernadetta and Maruthi, Midatharahally N. (2017) Genotype by environment interactions in identifying cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) resistant to cassava brown streak disease. Field Crops Research, 215. pp. 39-48. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.10.001)

Mohammed, I. U., Ghosh, Saptarshi and Maruthi, M.N. (2016) Host and virus effects on reversion in cassava affected by cassava brown streak disease. Plant Pathology, 65 (4). pp. 593-600. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ppa.12458)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012:795697. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

Ndunguru, G. T., Graffham, A. J., Modaha, F., Rwiza, E., Bancroft, R. D. and Westby, A. (1998) The use of needs assessment methodologies to focus technical interventions in root and tuber crop post-harvest systems: a case study to improve incomes and reduce losses associated with marketing of fresh cassava from rural areas to Dar es Salaam. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich.

Ndunguru, G.T., Modaha, F., Bancroft, R.D., Mashamba, F., Digges, P.D., Kleih, U. and Westby, A. (1995) The use of needs assessment methodologies to focus technical interventions in root and tuber crop post-harvest systems: a case study to improve the marketing and post-harvest handling of cassava entering Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In: International Society of Tropical Root Crops - Africa Branch Meeting, 23-27 Oct 1995, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Obadina, A.O., Oyewole, O.B., Sanni, L.O., Tomlins, K.I. and Westby, A. (2009) Improvement of the hygienic quality of wet 'fufu' produced in South West Nigeria. Food Control, 21 (5). pp. 639-643. ISSN 0956-7135 (doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2009.09.009)

Oyedeji, A. B., Sobukola, O. P., Henshaw, Folake, Adegunwa, M. O., Ijabadeniyi, O. A., Sanni, L. O. and Tomlins, K. I. (2017) Effect of frying treatments on texture and colour parameters of deep fat fried yellow fleshed cassava chips. Journal of Food Quality, 2017:8373801. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0146-9428 (Print), 1745-4557 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2017/8373801)

Parmar, Aditya, Kirchner, Sascha M., Langguth, Henning, Döring, Thomas F. and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Boxwood borer heterobostrychus brunneus (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) infesting dried cassava: A current record from southern Ethiopia. Journal of Insect Science, 17 (1):14. ISSN 1536-2442 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jisesa/iew106)

Parmar, Aditya, Sturm, Barbara and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Crops that feed the world: Production and improvement of cassava for food, feed, and industrial uses. Food Security, 9 (5). pp. 907-927. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-017-0717-8)

Patil, Basavaprabu L., Ogwok, Emmanuel, Wagaba, Henry, Mohammed, Ibrahim U., Yadav, Jitender S., Bagewadi, Basavaraj, Taylor, Nigel J., Kreuze, Jan F., Maruthi, M.N., Alicai, Titus and Fauquet, Claude M. (2010) RNAi-mediated resistance to diverse isolates belonging to two virus species involved in Cassava brown streak disease. Molecular Plant Pathology, 12 (1). pp. 31-41. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00650.x)

Stewart-Jones, A., Stirrup, T.J., Hodges, R.J., Farman, D.I. and Hall, D.R. (2009) Analysis of free fatty acids in food substrates and in the dust and frass of stored-product pests: Potential for species discrimination? Journal of Stored Products Research, 45 (2). pp. 119-124. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2008.10.003)

Cassava breeding

Parmar, Aditya, Sturm, Barbara and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Crops that feed the world: Production and improvement of cassava for food, feed, and industrial uses. Food Security, 9 (5). pp. 907-927. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-017-0717-8)

Cassava brown streak disease

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal of Phytopathology. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Parmar, Aditya, Sturm, Barbara and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Crops that feed the world: Production and improvement of cassava for food, feed, and industrial uses. Food Security, 9 (5). pp. 907-927. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-017-0717-8)

cassava brown streak disease (CBSD)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

cassava exchange

Tumwegamire, Silver, Kanju, Edward, Legg, James P., Shirima, Rudolph, Kombo, Saleh, Mkamilo, Geoffrey, Mtunda, Kiddo, Sichalwe, Karoline, Kulembeka, Heneriko, Ndyetabula, Innocent, Kawuki, Robert, Alicai, Titus, Adiga, Gerald, Benesi, Ibrahim, Mhone, Albert, Zacarias, Anabela, Nicosa, Nubibi, Matsimbe, Sofrimento F., Munga, Therezia, Ateka, Elija, Navangi, Lynet, Maruthi, M.N., Mwatuni, Francis, Mbugua, Edward, Ndunguru, Joseph and Rajab, Deogratious Mark (2018) The process and lessons of exchanging and managing in-vitro elite germplasm to combat CBSD and CMD in Eastern and Southern Africa. Food Security. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (In Press)

cassava flour

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

Adebowale, A. A., Kareem, S. T., Sobukola, O. P., Adebisi, M. A., Obadina, A. O., Kajihausa, O. E., Adegunwa, M. O., Sanni, L. O. and Tomlins, K. (2016) Mineral and antinutrient content of high quality cassava-tigernut composite flour extruded snack. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 41 (5):e13125. ISSN 0145-8892 (Print), 1745-4549 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jfpp.13125)

Akonor, Paa T., Dziedzoave, Nanam T., Buckman, Evelyn S., Mireku Essel, Edna, Lavoe, Francis and Tomlins, Keith I. (2016) Sensory optimization of crackers developed from high-quality cassava flour, starch, and prawn powder. Food Science and Nutrition, 5 (3). pp. 564-569. ISSN 2048-7177 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fsn3.431)

Cassava leaves

Parmar, Aditya, Sturm, Barbara and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Crops that feed the world: Production and improvement of cassava for food, feed, and industrial uses. Food Security, 9 (5). pp. 907-927. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-017-0717-8)

cassava mosaic

Geddes, A.M.W. (1990) The relative importance of crop pests in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 36). [Working Paper]

cassava mosaic disease

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

Parmar, Aditya, Sturm, Barbara and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Crops that feed the world: Production and improvement of cassava for food, feed, and industrial uses. Food Security, 9 (5). pp. 907-927. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-017-0717-8)

cassava mosaic virus

Lava Kumar, P., Akinbade, S.A., Dixon, A.G.O., Mahungu, N.M., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D., Londa, L. and Legg, J.P. (2009) First report of the occurence of East African cassava mosaic virus-Uganda (EACMV-UG) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.02010.x)

cassava mosaic virus disease

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

cassava mosaic viruses

Aswatha Narayana, D.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Shankarappa, K.S., Maruthi, M.N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Rekha, A.R. and Keshava Murthy, K.V. (2007) Distinct begomoviruses closely related to cassava mosaic viruses cause Indian Jatropha mosaic disease. International Journal of Virology, 3 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1816-4900 (doi:10.3923/ijv.2007.1.11)

Cassava starch

Chapuis, A., Precoppe, M., Méot, J. M., Sriroth, K. and Tran, T. (2016) Pneumatic drying of cassava starch: Numerical analysis and guidelines for the design of efficient small-scale dryers. Drying Technology, 35 (4). pp. 393-408. ISSN 0737-3937 (Print), 1532-2300 (Online) (doi:10.1080/07373937.2016.1177537)

Cassava whiteflies

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie and Maruthi, M.N. (2015) Prevalence and genetic diversity of endosymbiotic bacteria infecting cassava whiteflies in Africa. BMC Microbiology, 15 (1):93. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1471-2180 (Print), 1471-2180 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12866-015-0425-5)

Cassava-fish crackers

Coker, Oluwafemi Jeremiah, Sobukola, Olajide Philip, Sanni, Lateef Oladimeji, Bakare, Hakeem Adegoke, Kajihausa, Olatundun Esther, Adebowale, Abdul-Razaq Adesola and Tomlins, Keith (2016) Quality attributes of cassava-fish crackers enriched with different flours: An optimization study by a simplex centroid mixture design. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 40 (3):e12484. ISSN 0145-8876 (Print), 1745-4530 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jfpe.12484)

Cassia sophera

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

catch crop

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Carter, Mette S., Albert, Kristian R., Ambus, Per, Olesen, Jørgen E., Porter, John R. and Petersen, Søren O. (2009) Emissions of nitrous oxide from arable organic and conventional cropping systems on two soil types. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 136 (3-4). pp. 199-208. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.11.012)

Chirinda, Ngonidzashe, Olesen, Jørgen E. and Porter, John R. (2012) Root carbon input in organic and inorganic fertilizer-based systems. Plant and Soil, 359 (1-2). pp. 321-333. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-012-1208-5)

Catch crops

Wendling, Marina, Büchi, Lucie, Amossé, Camille, Sinaj, Sokrat, Walter, Achim and Charles, Raphaël (2016) Influence of root and leaf traits on the uptake of nutrients in cover crops. Plant and Soil, 409 (1-2). pp. 419-434. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-016-2974-2)

categorisation

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

cation-exchange chromatography

Tomlins, K.I., Baker, D.M. and McDowell, I.J. (1990) HPLC method for the analysis of organic acids, sugars, and alcohol in extracts of fermenting cocoa beans. Chromatographia, 29 (11-12). pp. 557-561. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02261222)

cattle

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Torr, Stephen J., Mangwiro, T.N.C. and Hall, David R. (2006) The effects of host physiology on the attraction of tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) and Stomoxys (Diptera: Muscidae) to cattle. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 96 (1). pp. 71-84. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1079/BER2005404)

Vale, Glyn A., Hargrove, John W., Chamisa, Andrew, Grant, Ian F. and Torr, Stephen J. (2015) Pyrethroid treatment of cattle for tsetse control: Reducing its impact on dung fauna. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9 (3):e0003560. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003560)

causal chain analysis

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Marter, A. (2006) Sustainability impact assessment of proposed WTO negotiations. Final report for the fisheries sector study. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cayo

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

CBO

Marter, Alan and Wandschneider, Tiago (2002) The role of NGOs and CBOs in marketing in Uganda: the potential in remote regions and in reaching the poor (NRI report no. 2699). [Working Paper]

Wandschneider, Tiago (2003) Workshop on sustainable NGO/CBO agricultural marketing initiatives. Bangalore 27 - 28 March 2003 (NRI report no. 2381). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Wandschneider, Tiago and Gordon, Ann (2001) Sustainable NGO/CBO agricultural marketing initiatives. Proceedings of a workshop held at Mukono, Uganda 19-20 June, 2001. [Working Paper]

Wandschneider, Tiago and Spilsbury, John (2003) Best practices for sustainable NGO/CBO agricultural marketing interventions. Proceedings of a workshop held at Hotel Africana, Kampala, Uganda 29 January 2003 (NRI report no. 2722). [Working Paper]

CBSD

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal Of Phytopathology, 165 (11-12). pp. 707-717. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Mohammed, I. U., Ghosh, Saptarshi and Maruthi, M.N. (2016) Host and virus effects on reversion in cassava affected by cassava brown streak disease. Plant Pathology, 65 (4). pp. 593-600. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ppa.12458)

Tomlinson, Katie R., Bailey, Andy M., Alicai, Titus, Seal, Sue and Foster, Gary D. (2017) Cassava brown streak disease: historical timeline, current knowledge and future prospects. Molecular Plant Pathology. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mpp.12613)

CBSD and CMD

Tumwegamire, Silver, Kanju, Edward, Legg, James P., Shirima, Rudolph, Kombo, Saleh, Mkamilo, Geoffrey, Mtunda, Kiddo, Sichalwe, Karoline, Kulembeka, Heneriko, Ndyetabula, Innocent, Kawuki, Robert, Alicai, Titus, Adiga, Gerald, Benesi, Ibrahim, Mhone, Albert, Zacarias, Anabela, Nicosa, Nubibi, Matsimbe, Sofrimento F., Munga, Therezia, Ateka, Elija, Navangi, Lynet, Maruthi, M.N., Mwatuni, Francis, Mbugua, Edward, Ndunguru, Joseph and Rajab, Deogratious Mark (2018) The process and lessons of exchanging and managing in-vitro elite germplasm to combat CBSD and CMD in Eastern and Southern Africa. Food Security. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (In Press)

CBSD resistance

Masinde, Emily A., Mkamillo, Geoffrey, Ogendo, Joshua O., Hillocks, Rory, Mulwa, Richard M. S., Kimata, Bernadetta and Maruthi, Midatharahally N. (2017) Genotype by environment interactions in identifying cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) resistant to cassava brown streak disease. Field Crops Research, 215. pp. 39-48. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.10.001)

CBSV

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

Tomlinson, Katie R., Bailey, Andy M., Alicai, Titus, Seal, Sue and Foster, Gary D. (2017) Cassava brown streak disease: historical timeline, current knowledge and future prospects. Molecular Plant Pathology. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mpp.12613)

cecidomyiidae

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

Rowley, Charlotte, Cherrill, Andrew J., Leather, Simon R., Hall, David R. and Pope, Tom W. (2017) Factors affecting trap catch in pheromone-based monitoring of saddle gall midge Haplodiplosis marginata (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Pest Management Science. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4721)

Rowley, Charlotte, Pope, Tom W., Cherrill, Andrew, Leather, Simon R., Fernandez-Grandon, G. Mandela and Hall, David R. (2017) Development and optimisation of a sex pheromone lure for monitoring populations of saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 163 (1). pp. 82-92. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12560)

cell culture

Palmer-Young, Evan, Sadd, Ben M., Stevenson, Philip C., Irwin, Rebecca E. and Adler, Lynn S. (2016) Bumble bee parasite strains vary in resistance to phytochemicals. Scientific Reports, 6:37087. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/srep37087)

cement-lined pit

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Central Europe

Wandschneider, Tiago Sequeira, Davis, Junior R. and Hancock, Jim (2002) Rural non-farm employment and development in transition economies. Proceedings of a workshop held at the Old Royal Naval College, University of Greenwich, London. [Working Paper]

centrifugal force

Ermis, E., Farnish, R.J., Berry, R.J. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2011) Centrifugal tester versus a novel design to measure particle adhesion strength and investigation of effect of physical characteristics (size, shape, density) of food particles on food surfaces. Journal of Food Engineering, 104 (4). pp. 518-524. ISSN 0260-8774 (doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2011.01.008)

Cerambycidae

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Hall, David R., Douglas, Paul, Centeno, Felix, Ibarra, Nieves, Schroeder, Martin, Teale, Stephen A., Wang, Zhiying, Yan, Shanchun, Millar, Jocelyn G. and Hanks, Lawrence M. (2013) 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 149 (2). pp. 118-127. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12113)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Alvaro, Sanchez-Maillo, Esteban, Pelaez, Horacio J., Gonzalez-Nunez, Manuel, Hall, David R. and Casquero, Pedro A. (2017) Field evaluation of 3-hydroxy-2-hexanone and ethanol as attractants for the cerambycid beetle pest of vineyards, Xylotrechus arvicola. Pest Management Science, 73 (8). pp. 1598-1603. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4491)

Ceratopogonidae

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

cereal

Boxall, Robin (1998) Grains post-harvest loss assessment in Ethiopia. Final report. Project No. T0725 (NRI Report No. 2377). [Working Paper]

Tran, Bruno and Hodges, Rick (2018) Post-harvest management of sorghum. In: Rooney, William, (ed.) Achieving sustainable cultivation of sorghum. Burleigh Dodds Series in Agricultural Science . Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 978-1786761200 (In Press)

Cereal crops

Swanepoel, Lourens H., Swanepoel, Corrie M., Brown, Peter R., Eiseb, Seth J., Goodman, Steven M., Keith, Mark, Kirsten, Frikkie, Leirs, Herwig, Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Makundi, Rhodes H., Malebane, Phanuel, von Maltitz, Emil F., Massawe, Apia W., Monadjem, Ara, Mulungu, Loth S., Singleton, Grant R., Taylor, Peter J., Soarimalala, Voahangy and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) A systematic review of rodent pest research in Afro-Malagasy small-holder farming systems: Are we asking the right questions? PLoS ONE, 12 (3):e0174554. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174554)

cereal grains

Hodges, Rick J. and Stathers, Tanya E. (2013) Facing the food crisis: How African smallholders can reduce postharvest cereal losses by supplying better quality grain. Outlooks on Pest Management, 24 (5). pp. 217-221. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v24_oct_08)

cereal losses

Rembold, F., Hodges, R., Bernard, M., Knipschild, H. and Léo, O. (2011) The African Postharvest Losses Information System (APHLIS): an innovative framework to analyse and compute quantitative postharvest losses for cereals under different farming and environmental conditions in East and Southern Africa. Project Report. Publications Office of the European Union / European Commission - Joint Research Centre - Institute of Environment and Sustainability (JRC-IES), Luxembourg. (doi:10.2788/40345)

cereal storage

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

cereals

Adams, J.M. (1977) A bibliography on post-harvest losses in cereals and pulses with particular reference to tropical and subtropical countries (G110). [Working Paper]

Cobbinah, J.R., Moss, C., Golob, P. and Belmain, S.R. (1999) Conducting ethanobotanical surveys: an example from Ghana on plants used for the protection of stored cereals and pulses (NRI Bulletin 77). [Working Paper]

Hodges, Rick, Bennett, Ben, Bernard, Marc and Rembold, Felix (2013) Tackling post-harvest cereal losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Rural 21: The International Journal for Rural Development, 47 (1). pp. 16-18. ISSN 1866-8011

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert and Kropff, Martin J. (2006) Characterization of host tolerance to Striga hermonthica. Euphytica, 147 (3). pp. 353-365. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-005-9030-2)

Tomlins, Keith, Bennett, Ben, Stathers, Tanya, Linton, John, Onumah, Gideon, Coote, Hilary, Kleih, Ulrich, Priebe, Jan and Bechoff, Aurelie (2016) Reducing postharvest losses in the OIC member countries. COMCEC Agricultural Working Group. pp. 1-194.

Visendi, Paul, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2013) Next generation characterisation of cereal genomes for marker discovery. Biology, 2 (4). pp. 1357-1377. ISSN 2079-7737 (Print), 2079-7737 (Online) (doi:10.3390/biology2041357)

Zorya, Sergiy, Morgan, Nancy, Diaz Rios, Luz, Hodges, Rick, Bennett, Ben, Stathers, Tanya, Mwebaze, Paul and Lamb, John (2011) Missing food: the case of postharvest grain losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Technical Report. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, Washington DC, USA.

certification

Blowfield, Mick (2000) Fundamentals of ethical trading in poorer countries: overview for the World Bank. [Working Paper]

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Haggar, Jeremy, Soto, Gabriela, Casanoves, Fernando and de Melo Virginio, Elias (2017) Environmental-economic benefits and trade-offs on sustainably certified coffee farms. Ecological Indicators, 79. pp. 330-337. ISSN 1470-160X (doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.04.023)

Idol, Travis, Haggar, Jeremy and Cox, Linda (2011) Ecosystem services from smallholder forestry and agroforestry in the tropics. In: Campbell, W. Bruce and López Ortíz, Silvia, (eds.) Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the field. Issues in Agroecology – Present Status and Future Prospectus (1). Springer, Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London / New York, pp. 209-270. ISBN 978-94-007-1308-6 (print), 978-94-007-1309-3 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1309-3_5)

CGE modelling

Scrieciu, Şerban (2007) Economic impacts of adopting the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union: a CGE approach to the case of Romania. Journal of Economic Integration, 22 (2). pp. 407-438. ISSN 1225-651X (Print), 1976-5525 (Online) (doi:10.11130/jei.2007.22.2.407)

Challenges

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

Change

Post, Rory J., Cheke, Robert A., Boakye, Daniel A., Wilson, Michael D., Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y., Tetteh-Kumah, Anthony, Lamberton, Poppy H.L., Crainey, J. Lee, Yameogo, Laurent and Basanez, María-Gloria (2013) Stability and change in the distribution of cytospecies of the Simulium damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) in southern Ghana from 1971 to 2011. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (205). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-205)

change management

Wellard, Kate, Kambewa, Daimon and Snapp, Sieglinde (2012) Farmers on the frontline: adaptation and change in Malawi. In: Castro, A. Peter, Taylor, Dan and Brokensha, David W., (eds.) Climate Change and Threatened Communities: Vulnerability, Capacity and Action. Practical Action Publishing, Rugby, Warwickshire, UK, pp. 41-56. ISBN 9781853397257

cheap talk

Chowdhury, Shyamal, Meenakshi, J.V., Tomlins, Keith I. and Owori, Constance (2011) Are consumers in developing countries willing to pay more for micronutrient-dense biofortified foods? Evidence from a field experiment in Uganda. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 93 (1). pp. 83-97. ISSN 0002-9092 (Print), 1467-8276 (Online) (doi:10.1093/ajae/aaq121)

chemical and non-chemical management

Golob, P. (2002) Chemical, physical and cultural control of Prostephanus truncatus. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 245-277. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040817.59207.3a)

chemical defence

Egan, Paul, Stevenson, Philip, Tiedeken, Erin-Jo, Wright, Geraldine, Boylan, Fabio and Stout, Jane C (2016) Plant toxin levels in nectar vary spatially across native and introduced populations. Journal Of Ecology, 104 (4). pp. 1106-1115. ISSN 0022-0477 (Print), 1365-2745 (Online) (doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12573)

Chemical defense

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

chemical ecology

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Odour-mediated orientation of beetles is influenced by age, sex and morph. PLOS ONE, 7 (11):e49071. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049071)

Chemical weed control

Rodenburg, Jonne, Saito, Kazuki, Irakiza, Runyambo, Makokha, Derek W., Onyuka, Enos A. and Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu (2017) Labor-saving weed technologies for lowland rice farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. Weed Technology, 29 (04). pp. 751-757. ISSN 0890-037X (Print), 1550-2740 (Online) (doi:10.1614/wt-d-15-00016.1)

Chemical-sensory analysis

Monteiro, Maria João P., Costa, Ana Isabel A, Fliedel, Geneviève, Cissé, Mady, Bechoff, Aurélie, Pallet, Dominique, Tomlins, Keith and Pintado, Maria Manuela E. (2016) Chemical-sensory properties and consumer preference of hibiscus beverages produced by improved industrial processes. Food Chemistry, 225. pp. 202-212. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.11.127)

Chemotype

Kamanula, John F., Belmain, Steven R., Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Goyder, David J., Mvumi, Brighton M., Masumbu, Friday F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 75-82. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.036)

cherry canker

Smith, Anthony R.W. and Hodson, Andrew (2010) Effects of pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum strain C28, outer membrane and LPS preparations on cherry callus. Journal of Phytopathology, 159 (5). pp. 358-367. ISSN 1439-0434 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2010.01773.x)

chickpea

D'Cunha, Reju Francis (2007) Impact of host plants on the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus as a biopesticide against insect pest Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

Sharma, H.C., Gowda, C.L.L., Stevenson, Philip C., Ridsdill-Smith, T.J., Clement, S.L., Ranga Rao, G.V., Romies, Joerg, Miles, Melina and Bouhssini, M. (2007) Host plant resistance and insect pest management in chickpea. In: Yadav, Shyam S., Redden, Robert J., Chen, W. and Sharma, B., (eds.) Chickpea Breeding and Management. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 520-537. ISBN 9781845932138

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

Stevenson, Philip C., Grzywacz, David, Pande, Suresh, Rao, Narayana, Neupane, Ram Krishna, Chaudhary, Ram N. and Bourai, Vinay A. (2006) Promoting the adoption of improved ICM technologies in chickpea by poor farmers in Nepal. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 152-154. ISBN 0954645278

chillies

Amjad, M., Iqbal, J., Iqbal, Q., Nawaz, A., Ahmad, T. and Rees, D. (2010) Effect of packaging material and different storage regimes on shelf life and biochemical composition of green hot pepper fruits. In: Erkan, M. and Aksoy, U., (eds.) X International Controlled and Modified Atmosphere Research Conference. Acta Horticulturae (876). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 227-234. ISBN 978-90-66055-53-7 (Print) ISSN 0567-7572 (Online)

Chilling injury

Glowacz, Marcin, Malick, Bill, Tinyane, Peter T. and Sivakumar, Dharini (2017) Maintaining postharvest quality of cold stored ‘Hass’ avocados by altering the fatty acids content and composition with the use of natural volatile compounds – methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97 (15). pp. 5186-5193. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.8400)

Chilo polychrysa

Qurashi Kamal, N., Cork, Alan and Nazmul Bari, M.D. (2006) Rice stem borers: a dynamic species complex in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Entomology, 16 (2). pp. 75-90. ISSN 1021-1004

China

Ellman, Antony (2010) Cultivation of artemisia annua in Africa and Asia. Outlooks on Pest Management, 21 (2). pp. 84-88. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/21apr08)

chiral sex pheromone

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

Chirality

Rowley, Charlotte, Pope, Tom W., Cherrill, Andrew, Leather, Simon R., Fernandez-Grandon, G. Mandela and Hall, David R. (2017) Development and optimisation of a sex pheromone lure for monitoring populations of saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 163 (1). pp. 82-92. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12560)

chitin inhibitors

Dales, M.J. (1994) Controlling insect pests of stored products using insect growth regulators and insecticides of microbial origin (NRI Bulletin 64). [Working Paper]

Chitinase

Glowacz, Marcin, Roets, Nico and Sivakumar, Dharini (2017) Control of anthracnose disease via increased activity of defence related enzymes in ‘Hass’ avocado fruit treated with methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate. Food Chemistry, 234. pp. 163-167. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.04.063)

Chittagong

Belmain, S.R., Chakma, N., Sarker, N.J., Sarker, S.U., Sarker, S.K. and Kamal, N.Q. (2010) The Chittagong story: studies on the ecology of rat floods and bamboo masting. In: Singleton, Grant R., Belmain, Steve R., Brown, Peter R. and Hardy, Bill, (eds.) Rodent outbreaks: ecology and impacts. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines, pp. 49-63. ISBN 9789712202575

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Solaiman, Mohammed, Chowdhury, Iftekhar Uddin, Nurul Kareem, A.N.M. and Ward, Ansen (2003) Report of consultation workshops on "Fish distribution from coastal communities - market and credit access issues" (NRI report no. 2711). [Working Paper]

Chlamydomonas-Reinhardtii

Garifullina, Gulnara F., Owen, Jennifer D., Lindblom, Stormy Dawn, Tufan, Hale, Pilon, Marinus and Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H. (2003) Expression of a mouse selenocysteine lyase in Brassica juncea chloroplasts affects selenium tolerance and accumulation. Physiologia Plantarum, 118 (4). pp. 538-544. ISSN 0031-9317 (Print), 1399-3054 (Online) (doi:10.1034/j.1399-3054.2003.00136.x)

chlorophyll fluorescence

Else, Mark A., Janowiak, Franciszek, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Jackson, Michael B. (2009) Root signals and stomatal closure in relation to photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence and adventitious rooting of flooded tomato plants. Annals of Botany, 103 (2). pp. 313-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcn208)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert, Schapendonk, Ad. H. C. M., van der Putten, Peter E. L., van Ast, Aad, Dingemanse, Niels J. and Haussmann, Bettina I. G. (2007) CO2-assimilation and chlorophyll fluorescence as indirect selection criteria for host tolerance against Striga. Euphytica, 160 (1). pp. 75-87. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-007-9555-7)

choice experiments

Chowdhury, Shyamal, Meenakshi, J.V., Tomlins, Keith I. and Owori, Constance (2011) Are consumers in developing countries willing to pay more for micronutrient-dense biofortified foods? Evidence from a field experiment in Uganda. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 93 (1). pp. 83-97. ISSN 0002-9092 (Print), 1467-8276 (Online) (doi:10.1093/ajae/aaq121)

cholesterol

Bouvaine, Sophie, Behmer, Spencer T., Lin, George G., Faure, Marie-Line, Grebenok, Robert J. and Douglas, Angela E. (2012) The physiology of sterol nutrition in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58 (11). pp. 1383-1389. ISSN 0022-1910 (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.07.014)

chromosomes

Adler, Peter H., Cheke, Robert A. and Post, Rory J. (2010) Evolution, epidemiology, and population genetics of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 10 (7). pp. 846-865. ISSN 1567-1348 (doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2010.07.003)

chrysanthemum gall midge

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

cicadulina

Davis, C. (1991) Bibliography of Cicadulina (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) vectors of maize streak and related viruses (NRI Bulletin No. 40). [Working Paper]

cicer arietinum

Pallavi, M.S., Ramappa, H.K., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Wickramaarachchi, W.A.R.T. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Detection and molecular characterization of phytoplasma associated with chickpea phyllody disease in south India. Phytoparasitic, 40 (3). pp. 279-286. ISSN 0334-2123 (Print), 1876-7184 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12600-012-0221-9)

Cicerfuran

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Phythian, Sara J., Veitch, Nigel C. and Hall, David R. (2006) Synthesis of cicerfuran, an antifungal benzofuran, and some related analogues. Tetrahedron, 62 (17). pp. 4214-4226. ISSN 0040-4020 (doi:10.1016/j.tet.2006.02.015)

Circular ideal-point regression

Precoppe, Marcelo, Nagle, Marcus, Mahayothee, Busarakorn, Udomkun, Patchimaporn, Janjai, Serm and Müller, Joachim (2014) Optimal physicochemical properties of dried litchis for Thai consumers. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, 7 (5). pp. 103-110. ISSN 1934-6344 (Print), 1934-6352 (Online) (doi:10.3965/j.ijabe.20140705.011)

CIS

Black, Robert (2017) Reflections on biosecurity legislation in developing countries: increasing market access or maintaining unequal terms of trade? In: Reflections on Biosecurity Legislation in Developing Countries: Increasing Market Access or Maintaining Unequal Terms of Trade, 13 February 2017, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies. (Submitted)

cities

Porter, John, Deutsch, Lisa, Dumaresq, David and Dyball, David (2011) How will growing cities eat? Nature, 469 (7328). p. 34. ISSN 0028-0836 (Print), 1476-4687 (Online) (doi:10.1038/469034d)

citrinin

Martin, P.M.D. and Gilman, G.A. (1976) A consideration of the mycotoxin hypothesis with special reference to the mycoflora of maize, sorghum, wheat and groundnuts (G105). Discussion Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

citrus

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

CJ Atkinson

Atkinson, Chris (2017) A Questioning Life: The Hows and Whys in the Application of Plant Science. Technical Report. Universtiy of Greenwich.

Clavigralla tomentosicollis

Adati, T., Tamò, M., Yusuf, S.R., Downham, M.C.A., Singh, B.B. and Hammond, W. (2008) Integrated pest management for cowpea–cereal cropping systems in the West African savannah. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27 (3-4). pp. 123-137. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758407883172)

clay-lined pit

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

climate

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Stone, Roger, Sivakumar, M.V.K. and Burt, Peter (2006) Editorial. Meteorological Applications, 13 (S1). pp. 3-5. ISSN 1350-4827 (doi:10.1017/S1350482706002507)

Climate adaptation policy

Adenle, Ademola A., Ford, James D., Morton, John, Twomlow, Stephen, Alverson, Keith, Cattaneo, Andrea, Cervigni, Rafaello, Kurukulasuriya, Pradeep, Huq, Saleemul, Helfgott, Ariella and Ebinger, Jane O. (2017) Managing climate change risks in Africa - A global perspective. Ecological Economics, 141. pp. 190-201. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.06.004)

climate change

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren and Morton, John F. (2016) Comparing smallholder farmers' perception of climate change with meteorological data: A case study from southwestern Nigeria. Weather and Climate Extremes, 15. pp. 24-33. ISSN 2212-0947 (Print), 2212-0947 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.wace.2016.12.001)

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren, Morton, John F. and Muchaba, Tabitha (2018) Rainfall variability and drought characteristics in two agro-climatic zones: An assessment of climate change challenges in Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 630. pp. 728-737. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.196)

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Belay, Abrham, Recha, John W., Woldeamanuel, Teshale and Morton, John F. (2017) Smallholder farmers' adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 6 (24). ISSN 2048-7010 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40066-017-0100-1)

Cheke, R.A. (2012) The thermal constant of the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 26 (2). pp. 236-238. ISSN 1365-2915 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00980.x)

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

Ifeanyi-obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R. and Arokoyu, S. (2017) Socio-economic determinants of cocoyam farmer’s strategies for climate change adaptation in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 21 (2). pp. 91-104. ISSN 1119-944X (Print), 2408-6851 (Online) (doi:10.4314/jae.v21i2.8)

Kabiri, Stella, Rodenburg, Jonne, Kayeke, Juma, Van Ast, Aad, Makokha, Derek W., Msangi, Saidi H., Irakiza, Rumyambo and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) Can the parasitic weeds Striga asiatica and Rhamphicarpa fistulosa co-occur in rain-fed rice? Weed Research, 55 (2). pp. 145-154. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/wre.12124)

Lamboll, Richard, Stathers, Tanya and Morton, John (2017) Climate change and agricultural systems. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 441-490. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00013-X)

López-i-Gelats, Feliu, Fraser, Evan D.G., Morton, John F. and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2016) What drives the vulnerability of pastoralists to global environmental change? A qualitative meta-analysis. Global Environmental Change, 39. pp. 258-274. ISSN 0959-3780 (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.011)

Macfadyen, Sarina, Paull, Cate, Boykin, Laura M., De Barro, Paul, Maruthi, M. N., Ghosh, Saptarshi, Otim, Michael, Kalyebi, Andrew, Vassão, Daniel G., Sseruwagi, Peter, Tay, Wee Tek, Delatte, Helen, Seguni, Zuberi, Colvin, John and Omongo, Christopher Abu (2018) Cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in sub-Saharan African farming landscapes: a review of the factors determining abundance. Bulletin of Entomological Research. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1017/S0007485318000032)

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Morton, John (2014) Agricultural adaptations: social context and complexity. In: Palutikof, JP, Boulter, SL, Barnett, J and Rissik, D, (eds.) Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 119-121. ISBN 978-1-118-84501-1

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton (2013) Post-harvest agriculture in a changing climate. Rural 21: The International Journal for Rural Development, 47 (4). pp. 12-14. ISSN 1866-8011

climate change adaptation

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Postharvest agriculture in changing climates: Its importance to African smallholder farmers. Food Security, 5 (3). pp. 361-392. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0262-z)

climate change and variability

Clements, Rebecca, Haggar, Jeremy, Quezada, Alicia and Torres, Juan (2011) Technologies for climate change adaptation: agricultural sector. TNA Guidebook Series . UNEP Risø Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development / Practical Action, Roskilde, Denmark. ISBN 978-87-550-3927-8

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

Mubayiwa, Macdonald, Mvumi, Brighton, M., Stathers, Tanya, Mlambo, Shaw and Nyabako, Tinashe (2018) Blanket application rates for synthetic grain protectants across agro-climatic zones: Do they work? Evidence from field efficacy trials using sorghum grain. Crop Protection, 109. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.01.016)

climate change effects

Stathers, Tanya, Lamboll, Richard and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Postharvest agriculture in changing climates: Its importance to African smallholder farmers. Food Security, 5 (3). pp. 361-392. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0262-z)

climate exposure

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

climate sensitivity

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

Climatic zone

Niang, Abibou, Becker, Mathias, Ewert, Frank, Dieng, Ibnou, Gaiser, Thomas, Tanaka, Atsuko, Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu, Rodenburg, Jonne, Johnson, Jean-Martial, Akakpo, Cyriaque, Segda, Zacharie, Gbakatchetche, Henri, Jaiteh, Famara, Bam, Ralph K., Dogbe, Wilson, Keita, Sékou, Kamissoko, Nianankoro, Mossi, Illiassou Maïga, Bakare, Oladele S., Cissé, Madiama, Baggie, Idriss, Ablede, Komlan A. and Saito, Kazuki (2017) Variability and determinants of yields in rice production systems of West Africa. Field Crops Research, 207. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.02.014)

Clitostethus arcuatus

Springate, Simon (2017) The cabbage whitefly Aleyrodes proletella and its natural enemies on wild cabbage Brassica oleracea on the Kent coast. Transactions of the Kent Field Club, 20. pp. 42-58. ISSN 0141-1225

closed‑tube reverse transcription loop‑mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP)

Nkere, Chukwuemeka K., Oyekanmi, Joshua O., Silva, Gonçalo, Bömer, Moritz, Atiri, Gabriel I., Onyeka, Joseph, Maroya, Norbert G., Seal, Susan E. and Kumar, P. Lava (2018) Chromogenic detection of yam mosaic virus by closed-tube reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP). Archives of Virology. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-018-3706-0)

Closteroviridae

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

CMD

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Tomlinson, Katie R., Bailey, Andy M., Alicai, Titus, Seal, Sue and Foster, Gary D. (2017) Cassava brown streak disease: historical timeline, current knowledge and future prospects. Molecular Plant Pathology. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mpp.12613)

CO2

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

coastal

Kleih, Ulrich (2003) Fish distribution from coastal communities in Bangladesh - market and credit access issues. Final technical report (NRI report no. 2713). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

coastal communities

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Solaiman, Mohammed, Chowdhury, Iftekhar Uddin, Nurul Kareem, A.N.M. and Ward, Ansen (2003) Report of consultation workshops on "Fish distribution from coastal communities - market and credit access issues" (NRI report no. 2711). [Working Paper]

coastal community

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

coastal fishing

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

coat protein gene sequences

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Coccinia abyssinia

Parmar, Aditya, Gebre, Bilatu, Legesse, Addisu, Demelash, Yoseph, Fladung, Kirsten and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Nutritional Comparison of White and Red Coccinia Abyssinica (Lam.) Cong. Accessions: An Under-Utilised Edible Tuber of the Ethiopian Highlands. Foods, 6 (8):71. ISSN 2304-8158 (Online) (doi:10.3390/foods6080071)

Cochliomyia hominivorax

Cork, A. and Hall, M.J.R. (2007) Development of an odour-baited target for female New World screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax: studies with host baits and synthetic wound fluids. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 21 (1). pp. 85-92. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.00661.x)

cocoa

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Report (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. The Resource Centre for the Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Collinson, Chris and Leon, Marcelo (2000) Economic viability of ethical cocoa trading in Ecuador. Final report (NRI report no. 2519). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Digges, P., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1997) International markets for African agricultural exports: agricultural policy reform and agricultural exports (NRI Marketing Series 10). [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie and Phillips, David (2018) Sector, landscape or rural transformations? Exploring the limits and potential of agricultural sustainability initiatives through a cocoa case study. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 0964-4733 (Print), 1099-0836 (Online) (doi:10.1002/bse.2014)

cocoa beans

Tomlins, K.I., Baker, D.M. and McDowell, I.J. (1990) HPLC method for the analysis of organic acids, sugars, and alcohol in extracts of fermenting cocoa beans. Chromatographia, 29 (11-12). pp. 557-561. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02261222)

cocoa sector

Phillips, David and Tallontire, Anne (2007) Drivers and barriers to sustainable purchasing practices in the cocoa sector (NRET Working Paper July 2007). [Working Paper]

coconut

Hone, G.A., Marter, A.D. and Timmins, W.H. (1989) Study on the constraints to expansion of world markets for desiccated coconut. Final report. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich (1997) Economic model of coconut based farming systems. A guide. Manual. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

coconut oil

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

coconut pest

Prior, R., Morin, J.-P., Rochat, D., Beaudoin-Ollivier, L., Stathers, T., Kakul, T., Embupa, S. and Nanguai, R. (2000) New aspects of the biology of the Melanesian rhinoceros beetle Scapanes australis (Col., Dynastidae) and evidence for field attraction to males. Journal of Applied Entomology, 124 (1). pp. 41-50. ISSN 9820-1937 (doi:10.1046/j.1439-0418.2000.00435.x)

Rochat, Didier, Morin, Jean-Paul, Kakul, Titus, Beaudoin-Ollivier, Laurence, Prior, Robert, Renou, Michel, Malosse, Isabelle, Stathers, Tanya, Empuba, Sebastian and Laup, Samson (2002) Activity of male pheromone of Melanesian Rhinoceros Beetle Scapanes australis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 28 (3). pp. 479-500. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1014531810037)

coconuts

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

cocoyam

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 2. Field Methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-32. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 4. Advanced methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 1. Introduction.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, pp. 1-16. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Bainbridge, Z., Tomlins, K., Wellings, K. and Westby, A. (1996) Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. (Part 3. Laboratory methods.). Methods for assessing quality characteristics of non-grain starch staples. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0-85954-400-1

Cocoyam farmers

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

code of practice

Gallat, Stephanie (2002) Ghanian horticulture code of practice - where to from here? Report of a workshop organized by the Natural Resources and Ethical Trade Programme, held at the Miklin Hotel, Accra, 5 June 2001. [Working Paper]

coexistence

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Multiple attractors of host-parasitoid models with integrated pest management strategies: eradication, persistence and outbreak. Theoretical Population Biology, 73 (2). pp. 181-197. ISSN 0040-5809 (doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2007.12.001)

Coffea arabica

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

coffee

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Digges, P., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1997) International markets for African agricultural exports: agricultural policy reform and agricultural exports (NRI Marketing Series 10). [Working Paper]

Haggar, Jeremy, Jerez, Roberto, Cuadra, Luis, Alvarado, Urbina and Soto, Gabriela (2012) Environmental and economic costs and benefits from sustainable certification of coffee in Nicaragua. Food Chain, 2 (1). pp. 24-41. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2012.004)

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

coffee agroforestry

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

Coffee morphology

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

coffee quality

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

coffee white stem borer

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Coffee yield

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

COI

Parmar, Aditya, Kirchner, Sascha M., Langguth, Henning, Döring, Thomas F. and Hensel, Oliver (2017) Boxwood borer heterobostrychus brunneus (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) infesting dried cassava: A current record from southern Ethiopia. Journal of Insect Science, 17 (1):14. ISSN 1536-2442 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jisesa/iew106)

cold climates

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

Coleoptera

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Nguyen, Duong T., Hodges, Rick J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2007) Do walking Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) locate cereal hosts by chance? Journal of Stored Products Research, 44 (1). pp. 90-99. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.008)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Hall, David R., Douglas, Paul, Centeno, Felix, Ibarra, Nieves, Schroeder, Martin, Teale, Stephen A., Wang, Zhiying, Yan, Shanchun, Millar, Jocelyn G. and Hanks, Lawrence M. (2013) 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 149 (2). pp. 118-127. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12113)

Rochat, Didier, Morin, Jean-Paul, Kakul, Titus, Beaudoin-Ollivier, Laurence, Prior, Robert, Renou, Michel, Malosse, Isabelle, Stathers, Tanya, Empuba, Sebastian and Laup, Samson (2002) Activity of male pheromone of Melanesian Rhinoceros Beetle Scapanes australis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 28 (3). pp. 479-500. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1014531810037)

collective action

Naziri, Diego, Aubert, Magali, Codron, Jean-Marie, Nguyen, Thi Tan Loc and Moustier, Paule (2010) Estimating the impact of small-scale farmers’ collective action on food safety: The case of vegetables in Vietnam. In: Actes des JRSS 2010. Actes des 4èmes journées INRA-SFER-CIRAD de recherches en sciences sociales. (9-10 décembre 2010, Site AgroCampus Ouest, Rue de St Brieuc, Rennes). Société Française d'Economie Rurale, Rennes, France.

collective action dilemma

Parsa, Soroush, Morse, Stephen, Bonifacio, Alejandro, Chancellor, Timothy C.B., Condori, Bruno, Crespo-Pérez, Verónica, Hobbs, Shaun L.A., Kroschel, Jürgen, Bai, Malick N., Rebaudo, François, Sherwood, Stephen G., Vanek, Steven J., Faye, Emile, Herrera, Mario A. and Dangles, Olivier (2014) Obstacles to integrated pest management adoption in developing countries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (10). pp. 3889-3894. ISSN 0027-8424 (Print), 1091-6490 (Online) (doi:10.1073/pnas.1312693111)

collective marketing

Robbins, P., Bikande, F., Ferris, S., Hodges, R., Kleih, U., Okoboi, G. and Wandschneider, T. (2004) Advice manual for the organisation of collective marketing activities by small-scale farmers. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Colombian food manufacturing industry

Shee, Apurba and Stefanou, Spiro E. (2016) Bounded learning-by-doing and sources of firm level productivity growth in Colombian food manufacturing industry. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 46 (2-3). pp. 185-197. ISSN 0895-562X (Print), 1573-0441 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11123-016-0481-3)

colour

Lindh, Jenny M., Goswami, Parikshit, Blackburn, Richard S., Arnold, Sarah E.J., Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Mike J. and Torr, Steve J. (2012) Optimizing the colour and fabric of targets for the control of the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6 (5):e1661. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001661)

Oyedeji, A. B., Sobukola, O. P., Henshaw, Folake, Adegunwa, M. O., Ijabadeniyi, O. A., Sanni, L. O. and Tomlins, K. I. (2017) Effect of frying treatments on texture and colour parameters of deep fat fried yellow fleshed cassava chips. Journal of Food Quality, 2017:8373801. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0146-9428 (Print), 1745-4557 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2017/8373801)

colour constancy

Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Chittka, Lars (2012) Illumination preference, illumination constancy and colour discrimination by bumblebees in an environment with patchy light. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 215 (13). pp. 2173-2180. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.065565)

colour evaluation

Glowacz, Marcin, Mogren, Lars M., Reade, John P. H., Cobb, Andrerw H. and Monaghan, James M. (2015) High- but not low-intensity light leads to oxidative stress and quality loss of cold-stored baby leaf spinach. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95 (9). pp. 1821-1829. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6880)

colour hexagon

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Faruq, Samia, Savolainen, Vincent, McOwan, Peter W. and Chittka, Lars (2010) FReD: the Floral Reflectance Database - a web portal for analyses of flower colour. PLoS ONE, 5 (12). e14287. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014287)

colour vision

Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Chittka, Lars (2012) Illumination preference, illumination constancy and colour discrimination by bumblebees in an environment with patchy light. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 215 (13). pp. 2173-2180. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.065565)

column liquid chromatography

Tomlins, K.I., Baker, D.M. and McDowell, I.J. (1990) HPLC method for the analysis of organic acids, sugars, and alcohol in extracts of fermenting cocoa beans. Chromatographia, 29 (11-12). pp. 557-561. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02261222)

combinations

Stathers, T.E., Riwa, W., Mvumi, B.M., Mosha, R., Kitandu, L., Mngara, K., Kaoneka, B. and Morris, M. (2008) Do diatomaceous earths have potential as grain protectants for small-holder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa? The case of Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 44-70. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.020)

combine harvesting

Kasasian, Ruth (1983) Grain processing losses bibliography. Supplement 1 to G117. Covering combine harvesting, threshing, hulling, milling, grinding, etc. and excluding storage. Report of the Tropical Products Institute. (G168). [Working Paper]

Kasasian, Ruth and Dendy, D.A.V. (1979) Grain processing losses bibliography. Covering threshing, shelling, hulling, milling, grinding etc and excluding harvesting and storage (G117). [Working Paper]

Comic Relief

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

commercial

Kleih, U.K., Walmsley, S.F., Howard, C.A., Barnes, C.T., Payne, A.I. and Greenhalgh, P. (2007) The impact of EU commercial fisheries policies and practice on international trade in fisheries products. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

commercial shipments

Tyler, P.S. and Hodges, R.J. (2002) Phytosanitary measures against larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), in international trade. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 279-289. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040816.21570.06)

commercialisation

Bennett, Ben (2014) Linking natural product producer & processor organisations to natural product enterprises: a discussion of past, present and future models. Indigenous Plant Products in Namibia. Venture Publications, Windhoek, Namibia, pp. 134-141. ISBN 9789991685267

commodities

De Lima, C.P.F. (1979) Appropriate techniques for use in the assessment of country loss in stored produce in the tropics. Tropical Stored Products Information, 38. pp. 15-19. ISSN 0564-3325

Gough, M.C. (1996) Marine transport of some tropical food cargoes to cold climates: maintenance of quality (NRI Bulletin 69). [Working Paper]

commodity market

Digges, P., Gordon, A. and Marter, A. (1997) International markets for African agricultural exports: agricultural policy reform and agricultural exports (NRI Marketing Series 10). [Working Paper]

common agricultural policy

Posthumus, Helena and Morris, Joe (2010) Implications of CAP-reform for land management and runoff control in England and Wales. Land Use Policy, 27 (1). pp. 42-50. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.06.002)

Scrieciu, Şerban (2007) Economic impacts of adopting the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union: a CGE approach to the case of Romania. Journal of Economic Integration, 22 (2). pp. 407-438. ISSN 1225-651X (Print), 1976-5525 (Online) (doi:10.11130/jei.2007.22.2.407)

Commonwealth of Independant States

Wandschneider, Tiago Sequeira, Davis, Junior R. and Hancock, Jim (2002) Rural non-farm employment and development in transition economies. Proceedings of a workshop held at the Old Royal Naval College, University of Greenwich, London. [Working Paper]

communications

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

community

Blowfield, M.E. and Nasimul, Haque (1995) Caught in their own nets: a social study of set bagnet fishing communities in Bangladesh (NRI report no. R2199(C)). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodland, Andrew and Kleih, Ulrich (1999) Community access to marketing opportunities: options for remote areas in Sub-Saharan Africa. Literature review (NRI report no. 2459). Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich (2003) Fish distribution from coastal communities in Bangladesh - market and credit access issues. Final technical report (NRI report no. 2713). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Jumbe, Charles, B.L. and Hardwick, Tchale (1999) Community access to marketing opportunities: options for remote areas. Malawi case study (NRI report no. 2450). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Odwongo, Willie and Ndyashangaki, Clement (1999) Community access to marketing opportunities: options for remote areas. Uganda case study (NRI report no. 2442). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

community based organisation

Marter, Alan and Wandschneider, Tiago (2002) The role of NGOs and CBOs in marketing in Uganda: the potential in remote regions and in reaching the poor (NRI report no. 2699). [Working Paper]

community conservation

Rodenburg, Jonne, Both, Judith, Heitkönig, Ignas M.A., Van Koppen, C.S.A. (Kris), Sinsin, Brice, Van Mele, Paul and Kiepe, Paul (2012) Land use and biodiversity in unprotected landscapes: The case of noncultivated plant use and management by rural communities in Benin and Togo. Society & Natural Resources, 25 (12). pp. 1221-1240. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920.2012.674628)

Community-based programs

de Bruyn, Julia, Thomson, Peter C., Bagnol, Brigitte, Maulaga, Wende, Rukambile, Elpidius and Alders, Robyn G. (2017) The chicken or the egg? Exploring bi-directional associations between Newcastle disease vaccination and village chicken flock size in rural Tanzania. PLOS ONE, 12 (11):e0188230. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188230)

Compagnie Malienne pour le Developpement des Fibres Textiles (CMDT)

Dougnon, Isaïe, Sanogo, Siaka, Coulibaly, Bakary, Diamoutene, Abdoul Karim and Morton, John F. (2010) "Leaving farmers as orphans": agricultural privatisation and reform of farmer organisations in Mali. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

Compensation theory

Owo, H. O., Adebowale, A. A., Sobukola, O. P., Obadina, A. O., Kajihausa, O. E., Adegunwa, M. O., Sanni, L. O. and Tomlins, K. (2016) Adsorption isotherms and thermodynamics properties of water yam flour. Quality Assurance and Safety of Crops and Foods, 9 (2). pp. 221-227. ISSN 1757-8361 (Print), 1757-837X (Online) (doi:10.3920/QAS2015.0655)

competition

Buchi, Lucie and Vuilleumier, Séverine (2014) Coexistence of specialist and generalist species is shaped by dispersal and environmental factors. The American Naturalist, 183 (5). pp. 612-624. ISSN 0003-0147 (Print), 1537-5323 (Online) (doi:10.1086/675756)

Colvin, J., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Thresh, J.M. (2004) Dual begomovirus infections and high Bemisia tabaci populations: two factors driving the spread of a cassava mosaic disease pandemic. Plant Pathology, 53 (5). pp. 577-584. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.0032-0862.2004.01062.x)

Demont, Matty and Rodenburg, Jonne (2016) On the interaction between weed and bird damage in rice. Weed Research, 56 (3). pp. 193-197. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/wre.12206)

competitive system

Liu, Zhijun, Wu, Jianhua and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Coexistence and partial extinction in a delay competitive system subject to impulsive harvesting and stocking. IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, 75 (5). pp. 777-795. ISSN 0272-4960 (Print), 1464-3634 (Online) (doi:10.1093/imamat/hxq033)

Complete genome

Bömer, Moritz, Rathnayake, Ajith I., Visendi, Paul, Silva, Gonçalo and Seal, Susan E. (2017) Complete genome sequence of a new member of the genus Badnavirus, Dioscorea bacilliform RT virus 3, reveals the first evidence of recombination in yam badnaviruses. Archives of Virology. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-017-3605-9)

composite plantain-wheat flour

Shittu, T. A., Egwunyenga, R. I., Sanni, L. O. and Abayomi, L. (2014) Bread from composite plantain-wheat flour: I. Effect of plantain fruit maturity and flour mixture on dough rheology and fresh loaf qualities. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 38 (4). pp. 1821-1829. ISSN 0145-8892 (Print), 1745-4549 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jfpp.12153)

Composite flour

Ekunseitan, Oluwakemi F., Obadina, Adewale O., Sobukola, Olajide P., Omemu, Adebukunola M., Adegunwa, Mojisola O., Kajihausa, Olatundun E., Adebowale, Abdul-Rasaq A., Sanni, Silifat A., Sanni, Lateef O. and Tomlins, Keith (2016) Nutritional composition, functional and pasting properties of wheat, mushroom, and high quality cassava composite flour. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 41 (5):e13150. ISSN 0145-8892 (Print), 1745-4549 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jfpp.13150)

compound feed production

Parr, W.H., Capper, B.S., Cox, D.R.S., Jewers, K., Marter, A.D., Nichols, W., Silvey, D.R. and Wood, J.F. (1988) The small-scale manufacture of compound animal feed (ODNRI Bulletin No. 9). [Working Paper]

compression ignition engines

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

computable general equilibrium models

Scrieciu, S. Şerban (2006) The inherent dangers of using computable general equilibrium models as a single integrated modelling framework for sustainability impact assessment. A critical note on Böhringer and Löschel (2006). Ecological Economics, 60 (4). pp. 678-684. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.09.012)

confectionary

Ferris, R.S.B., Collinson, C., Wanda, K., Jagwe, J. and Wright, P. (2001) Evaluating the marketing opportunities for shea nut and shea nut processed products in Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

coniesta ignefusalis

Youm, Ousmane, Maliki, Yacouba, Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I. and Foster, John E. (2011) Pheromone-mediated mating disruption in the millet stem borer, Coniesta ignefusalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Crop Protection, 31 (1). pp. 50-57. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2011.09.008)

connectivity

Cheke, Robert A. and Tratalos, Jamie A. (2007) Migration, patchiness and population processes illustrated by two migrant pests. BiosScience, 57 (2). pp. 145-154. ISSN 0006-3568 (doi:10.1641/B570209)

conservation

Dembe, Ezekiel Aman (2009) An evaluation of the community conservation service at Tarangire and Lake Manyara national parks in Tanzania. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Nnamani, Catherine Veronica, Ajayi, Sunday Adesola, Oselebe, Happiness Ogba, Atkinson, Christopher John, Igboabuchi, Anastasia Ngozi and Ezigbo, Eucharia Chizoba (2017) Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., a fading genetic resource in a changing climate: Prerequisite for conservation and sustainability. Plants, 6 (3):30. ISSN 2223-7747 (Print), 2223-7747 (Online) (doi:10.3390/plants6030030)

Conservation agriculture

Buchi, Lucie, Valsangiacomo, Alain, Burel, Enguerrand and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Integrating simulation data from a crop model in the development of an agri-environmental indicator for soil cover in Switzerland. European Journal of Agronomy, 76. pp. 149-159. ISSN 1161-0301 (Print), 1873-7331 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2015.11.004)

Lalani, B., Dorward, P., Kassam, A. H. and Dambiro, J. (2016) Innovation systems and farmer perceptions regarding conservation agriculture in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. In: Kassam, A. H., Mkomwa, S. and Friedrich, T., (eds.) Conservation agriculture for Africa: building resilient farming systems in a changing climate. CABI, UK, pp. 100-126. (doi:10.1079/9781780645681.0100)

Lalani, Baqir, Al-Eter, Bassil, Kassam, Shinan N., Bapoo, Amyn and Kassam, Amir (2018) Potential for conservation agriculture in the dry marginal zone of central Syria: A preliminary assessment. Sustainability, 10. ISSN 2071-1050 (Online) (doi:10.3390/su10020518)

Lalani, Baqir, Dorward, Peter and Holloway, Garth (2017) Farm-level economic analysis - Is conservation agriculture helping the poor? Ecological Economics, 141. pp. 144-153. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.05.033)

Lalani, Baqir, Dorward, Peter, Holloway, Garth and Wauters, Erwin (2016) Smallholder farmers' motivations for using Conservation Agriculture and the roles of yield, labour and soil fertility in decision making. Agricultural Systems, 146. pp. 80-90. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2016.04.002)

Posthumus, H., Pound, B., Andrieu, N. and Triomphe, B. (2011) Enhancing adoption of conservation agriculture practices through co-innovation platforms in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 Sep 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

Randrianjafizanaka, Meva Tahiry, Autfray, Patrice, Andrianaivo, Alain Paul, Ramonta, Isabelle Ratsimiala and Rodenburg, Jonne (2018) Combined effects of cover crops, mulch, zero-tillage and resistant varieties on Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze in rice-maize rotation systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 256. pp. 23-33. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.12.005)

conservation education

Kaswamila, Abiud Lucas (2006) Evaluation of rural land-use plans in protected area bio-networks in northeastern Tanzania. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

constraints

Blowfield, M. (1993) The allocation of labour to perennial crops. NRI Socio-economic Series, 3 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-360-9

Blowfield, M.E. and Nasimul, Haque (1995) Caught in their own nets: a social study of set bagnet fishing communities in Bangladesh (NRI report no. R2199(C)). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodland, Andrew and Kleih, Ulrich (1999) Community access to marketing opportunities: options for remote areas in Sub-Saharan Africa. Literature review (NRI report no. 2459). Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hone, G.A., Marter, A.D. and Timmins, W.H. (1989) Study on the constraints to expansion of world markets for desiccated coconut. Final report. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Odwongo, Willie and Ndyashangaki, Clement (1999) Community access to marketing opportunities: options for remote areas. Uganda case study (NRI report no. 2442). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

consultation

Bainbridge, Z., Malins, A., McGowan, G. and Blowfield, M.E. (1998) Development of tools for ethical trading of horticulture exports: preliminary consultative study (NRI report no. 2388). [Working Paper]

consumer acceptance

De Groote, Hugo, Gunaratna, Nilupa S., Okuro, James O., Wondimu, Asrat, Chege, Christine K. and Tomlins, Keith (2014) Consumer acceptance of quality protein maize (QPM) in East Africa. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94 (15). pp. 3201-3212. ISSN 0022-5142 (Print), 1097-0010 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jsfa.6672)

Meenakshi, J.V., Banerji, A., Manyong, Victor, Tomlins, Keith, Hamukwala, Priscilla, Zulu, Rodah and Mungoma, Catherine (2010) Consumer acceptance of provitamin A orange maize in rural Zambia (HarvestPlus Working Paper No.4). [Working Paper]

Silva, Ana Patricia, Franco, Maria Isabel, Mady, Cissé, Pallet, Dominique, Tomlins, Keith, Bennett, Ben, Pintado, Manuela and Sottomayor, Miguel (2016) Drivers of acceptance of a new beverage in Europe. Beverages, 2 (2):12. pp. 1-14. ISSN 2306-5710 (Online) (doi:10.3390/beverages2020012)

consumer preference

Kindossi, J.M., Akpo-Djenontin, O.O.D., Anihouvi, V.B., Akissoé, N., Declemy, A.L., Vieira-Dalodé, G., Tomlins, K., Pallet, D. and Hounhouigan, J.D. (2013) Sensory evaluation and consumer acceptability of an African fish based flavouring agent and taste enhancer. Indian Journal of Applied Research, 3 (8). pp. 62-66. ISSN 2249-555X (doi:10.15373/2249555X)

Monteiro, Maria João P., Costa, Ana Isabel A, Fliedel, Geneviève, Cissé, Mady, Bechoff, Aurélie, Pallet, Dominique, Tomlins, Keith and Pintado, Maria Manuela E. (2016) Chemical-sensory properties and consumer preference of hibiscus beverages produced by improved industrial processes. Food Chemistry, 225. pp. 202-212. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.11.127)

Precoppe, Marcelo, Nagle, Marcus, Mahayothee, Busarakorn, Udomkun, Patchimaporn, Janjai, Serm and Müller, Joachim (2014) Optimal physicochemical properties of dried litchis for Thai consumers. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, 7 (5). pp. 103-110. ISSN 1934-6344 (Print), 1934-6352 (Online) (doi:10.3965/j.ijabe.20140705.011)

consumer safety

Manikas, Ioannis and Manos, Basil (2009) A review of factors affecting traceability in agrifood supply chain. International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation (IJPTI), 1 (4). pp. 430-445. ISSN 1744-7569 (Print), 1744-7550 (Online) (doi:10.1504/IJPTI.2009.030691)

consumer survey

Tallontire, Anne, Rentsendorj, Erdenechimeg and Blowfield, Mick (2001) Ethical consumers and ethical trade: a review of current literature (NRI Policy Series 12). [Working Paper]

Consumer test

Pintado, Ana I.E., Monteiro, Maria J.P., Talon, Régine, Leroy, Sabine, Scislowski, Valérie, Fliedel, Geneviève, Rakoto, Danielle, Maraval, Isabelle, Costa, Ana I.A., Silva, Ana P., Pallet, Dominique, Tomlins, Keith and Pintado, Manuela M.E. (2015) Consumer acceptance and sensory profiling of reengineered kitoza products. Food Chemistry, 198. pp. 75-84. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.08.128)

consumers

Johnson, P.-N.T., Adebayo, K., Ottah Atikpo, M., Essel, K., Ellis, W.O., Awudza, J. and Tomlins, K.I. (2007) Institutional lessons from the partnership to improve food safety management and livelihoods of street food vendors and consumers in Ghana. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 4 (1 & 2). pp. 39-44.

consumption

Harman, G. and Anand, N. (1990) The market for dried fruit in the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany and France (ODNRI Bulletin No. 34). [Working Paper]

consumption pattern

Fetuga, Ganiyat O., Tomlins, Keith, Bechoff, Aurelie, Henshaw, Folake O., Idowu, Michael A. and Westby, Andrew (2013) A survey of traditional processing of sweet potato flour for amala, consumption pattern of sweet potato amala and awareness of orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) in South West Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 11 (3 & 4). pp. 67-71. ISSN 1459-0255 (Print), 1459-0263 (Online)

Contact angle

Sikorska, Daria, Papierowska, Ewa, Szatyłowicz, Jan, Sikorska, Piotr, Suprun, Katarzyna and Hopkins, Richard J. (2017) Variation in leaf surface hydrophobicity of wetland plants: the role of plant traits in water retention. Wetlands, 37 (5). pp. 997-1002. ISSN 0277-5212 (Print), 1943-6246 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s13157-017-0924-2)

contained cultivation

Colgan, Richard, Atkinson, Christopher J., Paul, Matthew, Hassan, Sally, Drake, Pascal M.W., Sexton, Amy L., Santa-Cruz, Simon, James, David, Hamp, Keith, Gutteridge, Colin and Ma, Julian K-C. (2009) Optimisation of contained Nicotiana tabacum cultivation for the production of recombinant protein pharmaceuticals. Transgenic Research, 19 (2). pp. 241-256. ISSN 0962-8819 (Print), 1573-9368 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11248-009-9303-y)

Container production

Davies, Michael J., Harrison-Murray, Richard, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Grant, Olga (2016) Application of deficit irrigation to container-grown hardy ornamental nursery stock via overhead irrigation compared to drip irrigation. Agricultural Water Management, 163. pp. 244-254. ISSN 0378-3774 (doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2015.09.015)

containment

Brewer, Helen C., Hird, Diane L., Bailey, Andy M., Seal, Susan E. and Foster, Gary D. (2018) A guide to the contained use of plant virus infectious clones. Plant Biotechnology Journal. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12876)

contamination

Mdangi, M., Mulungu, L.S., Massawe, A.W., Eiseb, S.J., Tutjavi, V., Kirsten, F., Mahlaba, T., Malebane, P., von Maltitz, E., Monadjem, A., Dlamini, N., Makundi, R.H. and Belmain, S.R. (2013) Assessment of rodent damage to stored maize (Zea mays L.) on smallholder farms in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management, 59 (1). pp. 55-62. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2012.744495)

Contraceptive bait

Massawe, Apia W., Makundi, Rhodes H., Zhang, Zhibin, Mhamphi, Ginethon, Liu, Ming, Li, Hong-Jun and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Effect of synthetic hormones on reproduction in Mastomys natalensis. Journal of Pest Science. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-017-0894-4)

control

Cheke, R.A. (2012) The thermal constant of the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 26 (2). pp. 236-238. ISSN 1365-2915 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00980.x)

Cheke, Robert A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Walsh, J.F. and Yaméogo, L. (2008) Elimination of the Djodji form of the blackfly Simulium sanctipauli sensu stricto as a result of larviciding by the WHO Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 172-174. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00725.x)

Hillocks, Rory J. (2010) Cotton diseases and their control in the 21st century. In: Wakelyn, Phillip J. and Chaudry, M. Rafiq, (eds.) Cotton: Technology for the 21st Century. International Cotton Advisory Council, Washington DC, USA, pp. 155-180. ISBN 9780979390357

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

control strategies

Magor, J.I., Lecoq, M. and Hunter, D.M. (2008) Preventive control and desert locust plagues. Crop Protection, 27 (12). pp. 1527-1533. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2008.08.006)

controlled release

Cork, A., De Souza, K., Hall, D.R., Jones, O.T., Casagrande, E., Krishnaiah, K. and Syed, Z. (2008) Development of PVC-resin-controlled release formulation for pheromones and use in mating disruption of yellow rice stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas. Crop Protection, 27 (2). pp. 248-255. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.05.011)

Convection dryer

Precoppe, Marcelo, Janjai, Serm, Mahayothee, Busarakorn and Müller, Joachim (2014) Batch uniformity and energy efficiency improvements on a cabinet dryer suitable for smallholder farmers. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52 (8). pp. 4819-4829. ISSN 0022-1155 (Print), 0975-8402 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s13197-014-1544-y)

Precoppe, Marcelo, Janjai, Serm, Mahayothee, Busarakorn and Müller, Joachim (2013) Improved energy efficiency of farmers' cooperative litchi drying operation in Northern Thailand. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 48 (11). pp. 2376-2383. ISSN 0950-5423 (Print), 1365-2621 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ijfs.12228)

Convective dryers

Precoppe, Marcelo, Chapuis, Arnaud, Müller, Joachim and Abass, Adebayo (2015) Tunnel dryer and pneumatic dryer performance evaluation to improve small-scale cassava processing in Tanzania. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 40 (1):e12274. ISSN 0145-8876 (Print), 1745-4530 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jfpe.12274)

Convective drying

Precoppe, Marcelo, Nagle, Marcus, Janjai, Serm, Mahayothee, Busarakorn and Müller, Joachim (2011) Analysis of dryer performance for the improvement of small-scale litchi processing. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 46 (3). pp. 561-569. ISSN 0950-5423 (Print), 1365-2621 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2010.02522.x)

cooking

Bechoff, Aurélie, Poulaert, Marie, Tomlins, Keith I., Westby, Andrew, Menya, Geoffrey, Young, Stephen and Dhuique-Mayer, Claudie (2011) Retention and bioaccessibility of β-carotene in blended foods containing orange-fleshed sweet potato flour. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (18). pp. 10373-10380. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf201205y)

Coppice forests

Bartlett, Deborah, Nicolescu, Valeriu-Norocel and Pyttel, Patrick (eds.) (2015) Evolution and perspectives of coppice forests in European countries and South Africa. FPS COST Action FP1301: Innovative management and multifunctional utilization of traditional coppiceforests – an answer to future ecological, economic and social challenges in the European forestry sector (EuroCoppice) . Editura Universitatii Transilvania din Brasov, Brasov. ISBN 9786061905980

corn-rootworm coleoptera

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

Corruption

Koechlin, Lucy, Quan, Julian and Mulukutla, Hari (2016) LEGEND Analytical Paper 1: Tackling corruption in land governance. [Working Paper]

cosmetics

Ferris, R.S.B., Collinson, C., Wanda, K., Jagwe, J. and Wright, P. (2001) Evaluating the marketing opportunities for shea nut and shea nut processed products in Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

cost

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

cost implication

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

cost model

Parr, W.H., Capper, B.S., Cox, D.R.S., Jewers, K., Marter, A.D., Nichols, W., Silvey, D.R. and Wood, J.F. (1988) The small-scale manufacture of compound animal feed (ODNRI Bulletin No. 9). [Working Paper]

Cost savings

Precoppe, Marcelo, Janjai, Serm, Mahayothee, Busarakorn and Müller, Joachim (2013) Improved energy efficiency of farmers' cooperative litchi drying operation in Northern Thailand. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 48 (11). pp. 2376-2383. ISSN 0950-5423 (Print), 1365-2621 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ijfs.12228)

cost-benefit analysis

Rickson, Jane, Deeks, Lynda, Posthumus, Helena and Quinton, John (2010) Understanding the costs and benefits of mitigation measures used to reduce or prevent soil erosion. Project Report. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), London, UK.

cost-effective protocols

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

Cote d'Ivoire

Rayaisse, J.B., Tirados, I., Kaba, D., Dewhirst, S.Y., Logan, J.G., Diarrassouba, A., Salou, E., Omolo, M.O., Solano, P., Lehane, M.J., Pickett, J.A., Vale, G.A., Torr, S.J.. and Esterhuizen, J. (2010) Prospects for the development of odour baits to control the tsetse flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4 (3). e632. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000632)

Cotinus

Cameron, R., Harrison-Murray, R., Fordham, M., Wilkinson, S., Davies, W., Atkinson, C. and Else, M. (2008) Regulated irrigation of woody ornamentals to improve plant quality and precondition against drought stress. Annals of Applied Biology, 153 (1). pp. 49-61. ISSN 0003-4746 (Print), 1744-7348 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2008.00237.x)

cotton

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

D'Cunha, Reju Francis (2007) Impact of host plants on the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus as a biopesticide against insect pest Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

Hillocks, Rory J. (2010) Cotton diseases and their control in the 21st century. In: Wakelyn, Phillip J. and Chaudry, M. Rafiq, (eds.) Cotton: Technology for the 21st Century. International Cotton Advisory Council, Washington DC, USA, pp. 155-180. ISBN 9780979390357

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

cotton bollworm

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R., (eds.) (2006) Handbook of sustainable control of cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera. Surya Press, India.

Russell, Derek A., Denholm, Ian, Devine, Greg, Moores, Grahame, Javed, Naghmy, Kranthi, Keshav R., Regupathy, A., Singh, Joginder, Wu, Yidong and Amad, Mushtaq (2006) Sustainable control of cotton bollworm in small-scale cotton-production systems. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 157-158. ISBN 0954645278

cotton plant

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

cottonseed

Bradburn, N., Jewers, K., Jones, B.D. and Tomlins, K.I. (1989) Rapid method for the clean-up of extracts of cottonseed prior to aflatoxin determination by bi-directional HPTLC. Chromatographia, 28 (11-12). pp. 541-544. ISSN 0009-5893 (Print), 1612-1112 (Online) (doi:10.1007/BF02260673)

Pinson, G.S., Melville, D.J. and Cox, D.R.S. (1991) Decortication of tropical oilseeds and edible nuts (NRI Bulletin No. 42). [Working Paper]

coumaric

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

countryside

Bartlett, Debbie (2013) The farmed countryside – maximizing the benefits for wildlife land sharing and the opportunities for functional agro-biodiversity. In Practice: Bulletin of the Chartered Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management (82).

cover and plinth

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

Cover crop

Jaffuel, Geoffrey, Blanco-Pérez, Rubén, Buchi, Lucie, Mäder, Paul, Fließbach, Andreas, Charles, Raphaël, Degen, Thomas, Turlings, Ted C. J. and Campos-Herrera, Raquel (2017) Effects of cover crops on the overwintering success of entomopathogenic nematodes and their antagonists. Applied Soil Ecology, 114. pp. 62-73. ISSN 0929-1393 (doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.02.006)

Cover crops

Herrera, J. M., Buchi, L., Rubio, G., Torres-Guerrero, C., Wendling, M., Stamp, P. and Pellet, D. (2016) Root decomposition at high and low N supply throughout a crop rotation. European Journal of Agronomy, 84. pp. 105-112. ISSN 1161-0301 (Print), 1873-7331 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2016.12.012)

cowpea

Adati, T., Tamò, M., Yusuf, S.R., Downham, M.C.A., Singh, B.B. and Hammond, W. (2008) Integrated pest management for cowpea–cereal cropping systems in the West African savannah. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27 (3-4). pp. 123-137. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758407883172)

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

Stathers, Tanya, Denniff, M. and Golob, P. (2004) The efficacy and persistence of diatomaceous earths admixed with commodity against four tropical stored product beetle pests. Journal of Stored Products Research, 40 (1). pp. 113-123. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/S0022-474X(02)00083-8)

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Opoku-Apau, A., Dankyi, A.A. and Delimini, L.L. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Ghana. A study of maize and cowpea seed in the Brong-Ahafo and Volta regions (NRI Bulletin 68). [Working Paper]

cowpea seed

Tripp, R., Walker, D.J., Miti, F., Mukumbuta, S. and Zulu, M.S. (1998) Seed management by small-scale farmers in Zambia. A study of cowpea, groundnut and sorghum seed in the Southern and Western Provinces (NRI Bulletin 76). [Working Paper]

cowpea weevil

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Odour-mediated orientation of beetles is influenced by age, sex and morph. PLOS ONE, 7 (11):e49071. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049071)

Belmain, Steven R., Amoah, Barbara A., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Kamanula, John F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (40). pp. 10055-10063. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf3032217)

Crackers

Akonor, Paa T., Dziedzoave, Nanam T., Buckman, Evelyn S., Mireku Essel, Edna, Lavoe, Francis and Tomlins, Keith I. (2016) Sensory optimization of crackers developed from high-quality cassava flour, starch, and prawn powder. Food Science and Nutrition, 5 (3). pp. 564-569. ISSN 2048-7177 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fsn3.431)

credit

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Kleih, Ulrich (2003) Fish distribution from coastal communities in Bangladesh - market and credit access issues. Final technical report (NRI report no. 2713). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Solaiman, Mohammed, Chowdhury, Iftekhar Uddin, Nurul Kareem, A.N.M. and Ward, Ansen (2003) Report of consultation workshops on "Fish distribution from coastal communities - market and credit access issues" (NRI report no. 2711). [Working Paper]

credit access

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

crevice traps

Hodges, R.J. (2002) Detection and monitoring of larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 7 (4). pp. 223-243. ISSN 1353-5226 (Print), 1572-9745 (Online) (doi:10.1023/B:IPMR.0000040815.06804.c1)

crinivirus

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

Crithidia

Koch, Hauke, Brown, Mark J. F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) The role of disease in bee foraging ecology. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 21. pp. 60-67. ISSN 2214-5753 (Print), 2214-5745 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cois.2017.05.008)

Crithidia bombi

Palmer-Young, Evan, Sadd, Ben M., Stevenson, Philip C., Irwin, Rebecca E. and Adler, Lynn S. (2016) Bumble bee parasite strains vary in resistance to phytochemicals. Scientific Reports, 6:37087. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/srep37087)

critical appraisal

Scrieciu, S. Şerban (2006) The inherent dangers of using computable general equilibrium models as a single integrated modelling framework for sustainability impact assessment. A critical note on Böhringer and Löschel (2006). Ecological Economics, 60 (4). pp. 678-684. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.09.012)

crop

Greenhalgh, Peter and Wandschneider, Tiago (2003) Sustainable NGO/CBO Agricultural Marketing Initiatives. Project evaluation report. 1 January 2001 - 31 May 2003. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David L. and Stevenson, Philip C. (eds.) (2007) The lentil: an ancient crop for modern times. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print), 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online)

crop biotechnology

Seal, Susan, Sangare, A. and Makinde, M. (2008) Crop biotechnology and biosafety. SCARDA Briefing Papers Strengthening Capacity for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Accra, pp. 24-32. ISBN 978-9988-1-1063-4

crop damage

Mulungu, L. S.