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Items where Faculty / Department / Research Groups is "Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department"

Items where Faculty / Department / Research Groups is "Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department"

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above-ground store Acacia cyanophylla adaptation adiabatic flame temperature adoption Advisory services Africa agencies agrarian societies Agribusiness investment agricultural co-operatives agricultural development agricultural economics agricultural extension agricultural extension services agricultural improvement agricultural innovation systems agricultural investment agricultural knowledge agricultural management agricultural production agricultural reform agricultural research agricultural residues Agricultural system agriculture agriculture poor agro-pastoralism agro-pastoralsim Agroecology agroforestry agropastoralism agropastoralists aid agencies AIDS air injector alder Alnus orientalis analysis Andes Andhra Pradesh animal health anthropology Anthropometry – Nutrition assessment – Public health – Program evaluation – Monitoring – Surveillance – Surveys – Timely warning – Malnutrition – Low-income aquaculture Aquatic resources Armenia Asia Australia banana Bangladesh beans bees beliefs Belize Belize Valley bench terraces Better Cotton Initiative Better management practices bibliography biodiversity biodiversity valuation biomass biomass combustion black dye boardmaking Bolivia Brazil brazil nut Breastfeeding – Infant and young child feeding – Humanitarian emergency – Nutrition – Research priorities bridge press bumper crop bunkers Burkina Faso by-catch bylaws cacao California Cameroon capacity Cape Flats Cape Town carbon offset cashew cassava cassava flour cassava mosaic disease cassava processing cassava starch categorisation cattle Cayo cement slab manufacture cement slabs cement-lined pit cereal storage certification Chad Challenges characteristics citrus clay-lined pit climate Climate adaptation policy climate change Climate change and variability climate impacts climate policy and technological change coastal coastal community coastal fishing cocoa coconut oil coconuts Cocoyam farmers codes of practice coffee coir fibre cold reactive combustion combustion system Comic Relief common agricultural policy communal lands communication communication networks communications communism community Community of Evaluators in South Asia Compagnie Malienne pour le Developpement des Fibres Textiles (CMDT) compression ignition engines Computer software – Linear programming – Food – Cost of the diet – Affordability conflicts conservation conservation agriculture constraints Consumption coping strategies contingency planning contract farming Coping behavior corporate social responcibility corporate social responsibility Corruption cost cost implication cost-benefit analysis cotton cover and plinth craft credit credit access crop crop improvement crop management crop storage cropping systems CSR cultivation culture customary law cyclonic suspension burner Cyprus dairy data collection decentralisation decentralization Decision-support deforestation degradation demining desertification design developing countries development development economics development futures development narratives development studies diamond diesel blends Disasters discrete choice models disease prevention dissemination pathways diversification donor support drought Drought characteristics drought management drying Dryland cereals drylands dumping dye dyebath exhaustion dyeing early warning economic Economic and Environmental impacts economic evaluation economic growth economic impact economic issues economics and finance economy ecosystem services Ecuador Education Effectiveness efficiency effluent reduction emergency storage employability employment England enterprise environment environmental economics environmental impact Environmental Impact Assessment environmental policy ERW ethical ethical sourcing ethical trade ethics Ethiopia ethnic minorities Eucalyptus camaldulensis Eucalyptus gomphocephala evaluation Evaluation and Learning System Evaluation in South Asia evaluation methods Evaluation of CGIAR Research Programme (CRP) explosive remnants of war export Extension extension evaluation fair trade Fairtrade farmer farmer organisations farmers Farmers Adaptation Strategies farming Farming systems feather pecking feeder roads fertility finance financial services associations fiscal reform fish fish trade fisherfolk fisheries fishing fishing community flexible silos flood damage flood risk management floodplains flue gas composition food food crop Food insecurity food security food shelter forest forest certification forest management forest products forest resources forestry Foucault fuel furnace exchanger future gasification gemstone gender geographical distribution geographical information systems Georgia Ghana GIS Global Land Indicators Global Land Indicators Initiative global value chain global warming GlobalGAP globalisation goat governance Governance crisis Government governmentality grain Grain legumes grain storage groundnut groundnuts Groundwater Guinea habitat conservation handling Harare Health heat balance equation heat exchanger hides High quality cassava flour High reliability system higher education highlands History HIV HIV/AIDS Horn of Africa horticulture human health human resources human rights hydrocyclone IAASTD identification Ihala Bopae Illukgoda impact impact assessment Impact evaluation in international development Impact pathway impacts implications import Inclusive value chains income Income generating activities income generation India Indicators indigenous indigenous knowledge Indonesia industrial inequality initiatives innovation innovation partnerships innovation platforms innovation systems Institute of Natural Resources institutional barriers institutional capacity institutional development institutionalisation institutions insurance Integrated development inter-relationships intercropping international agriculture research in semi-arid areas international cooperation international development international economics intervention investment investment programmes Ipomoea batatas Iringa Rural District irish potato Irrigation Irrigation technologies ISEAL Alliance Ishtirak project issues jewellery jewellery manufacture Kampala Kenya Kumi labelling Labour labour division Lake Malawi Lake Victoria Land Land administration Land and Poverty Land encroachment Land Governance Land Indicators land management Land Monitoring land policy land reform land resource assessment land rights land suitability land tenure Land tenure security land use land valuation landmine landmine impact scores landscape Latin America laying hens learning learning alliances leather legislation liberalisation liberalization light-intensity linkages livelihood Livelihood diversification livelihood security livelihood strategies Livelihoods livelihoods analysis Livelihoods Climate variability Adaptation Multi-scale Food security Sub-Saharan Africa livestock livestock export livestock feed livestock products Livestock research local economic development local governance local knowledge logging low-pressure air injector Luapula maize Malawi Mali mango manufacture mapping marginalisation mariculture marine marine ecosystems market market chain marketing markets methodology methods micro-enterprise milk mine-affected communities mining minor crop mitigation mobile pastoralists model modelling Monitoring monitoring and evaluation Mount Cameroon Mozambique multi-dimensional valuation multi-stakeholder initiatives Mymensingh Nam Dam Nambia Namibia natural resource management natural resources natural resources management natural resources management (NRM) natural resources research need assessment new approaches to climate economics Nexus Nghe An Nghi Loc NGOs Nigeria non-farm non-timber non-timber forestry products Norms North Zambia Northern Belize NRM Office du Niger oil palm oil-seed onion operational approach Optimal location Orange Walk organic Oum Hadjer outcomes outgrower scheme outgrower schemes Outscaling OXFAM Pabna pad-batch dyeing paddy participation participatory participatory action research participatory approaches participatory bylaw reform process participatory monitoring and evaluation participatory plant breeding participatory policy learning and action research (PLAR) participatory research participatory rural appraisal particle board particulate biomass particulate forestry partnerships pastoral pastoral development pastoral farming Pastoral households pastoral livelihoods pastoral poverty pastoral societies pastoral society pastoralism pastoralist parliamentary groups pastoralists pelagic Perception Perception analysis Perceptions of drought performance assessment peri-urban Peru phytosanitation pigs pine Pinus brutia Pinus nigra Pinus oocarpa pits plant breeding plant fibre plantation policy Policy framework for achieving sustainability in cotton production policy process political economy politics and public policy Pollution poor post-harvest post-harvest loss postharvest poverty poverty reduction practical design prediction Pretoria prevention price pricing private sector private standards privatization processing Processors produce gas fuelling production production systems programme project evaluation Project Management System public-private sector partnerships pulp qualitative Qualitative comparative analysis Quality quantitative Rainfall variability Rakai rapid rural appraisal reduction of hunger regulation and governance rehabilitation relief Remote sensing remote sensing imagery renewable natural resources research Research impact research knowledge resilience resource inventory resource management resources Result-Based Management retail review rice rice husk ash rice husks rights risk risk and uncertainty Romania root roots rubber runoff rural rural advisory services rural areas rural development rural economy and land use programme rural finance Rural innovation rural investment rural land use rural livelihoods rural poor rural poverty rural protest rural transport Rwanda sago Sanitation savings scenario modelling sea level rise seafood seasonality security seed store self-help semi-arid Services shea nut sheep shrimp shrimping silver skins slab sleeping sickness Small Scale Fisheries small-holder small-scale mines smallholder Smallholder farmers smallholder farming smallholders smoking kiln Sobantu Social social capital social development social impact social issues social responsibility socio economics socio-economic socio-economics soil soil and water conservation soil conservation soil degradation soil erosion soil fertility soil restoration soil survey soils solid biomass SOS campaign South Africa South America Southern Africa Sri Lanka stakeholder stakeholder analysis state regulation stoichiometric air-fuel ratio storage storage engineering storage structure storage stucture Stream flow structure evaluation sub-Sahara sub-saharan Sub-Saharan Africa subsidies subsistence farmers substitute fuelling sugar cane summer 2007 floods supply supply chain supply chains survey survival suspension burner sustainability Sustainability Standards sustainable Sustainable Aquaculture Sustainable cotton production Sustainable development Sustainable Development Goals Sustainable intensification sustainable livelihoods sustainable livelihoods framework sweet potato swidden Sylhet synergy systems taboos tacit knowledge Tanzania tea technique technology technology adoption temperature control tenure tenure security Thailand timber drying tourism trade transaction cost transformation transition economies transport tree product tree production tree resources Trends tropical tropical countries Tropical livestock units tropical seed storage tsetse tsetse control tuber typology Uganda Uncertainty urban urban agriculture urban farming urban livelihoods urban poor urban poverty urban water management urban-rural linkages utilisation value chain analysis value chain analysisit value chains veterinary drugs Vietnam Vinyungu voluntary standards Voluntary Sustainability Standards vulnerability Water water conservation water development water management Water resources Welfare Western Cape wetlands wind force wind load women wood burning wood cement wood wool woodwool woodwool manufacture workers World Wide Fund for Nature in India Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Number of items at this level: 1600.

above-ground store

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Acacia cyanophylla

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

adaptation

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Boyd, Emily, Grist, Natasha, Juhola, Sirkku and Nelson, Valerie (2009) Exploring development futures in a changing climate: frontiers for development policy and practice. Development Policy Review, 27 (6). pp. 659-674. ISSN 0950-6764 (Print), 1467-7679 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00464.x)

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

Lamboll, Richard, Stathers, Tanya and Morton, John (2017) Climate change and agricultural systems. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 441-490. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00013-X)

López-i-Gelats, Feliu, Fraser, Evan D.G., Morton, John F. and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2016) What drives the vulnerability of pastoralists to global environmental change? A qualitative meta-analysis. Global Environmental Change, 39. pp. 258-274. ISSN 0959-3780 (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.011)

Morton, John (2014) Agricultural adaptations: social context and complexity. In: Palutikof, JP, Boulter, SL, Barnett, J and Rissik, D, (eds.) Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 119-121. ISBN 978-1-118-84501-1

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Rivera-Ferre, M. G., López-i-Gelats, F., Howden, M., Smith, P., Morton, J. F. and Herrero, M. (2016) Re-framing the climate change debate in the livestock sector: mitigation and adaptation options. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 7 (6). pp. 869-892. ISSN 1757-7780 (Print), 1757-7799 (Online) (doi:10.1002/wcc.421)

adiabatic flame temperature

Tariq, A.S., Reupke, P. and Sarwar, G. (1994) Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation. Biomass Combustion Systems (2). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-385-4

adoption

Posthumus, H., Pound, B., Andrieu, N. and Triomphe, B. (2011) Enhancing adoption of conservation agriculture practices through co-innovation platforms in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 Sep 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

Advisory services

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

Africa

Abraham, Ernest and Martin, Adrienne (2016) Understanding households’ livelihood choices, wealth, and poverty in Accra, Ghana. Development in Practice, 26 (3). pp. 387-402. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614524.2016.1150417)

Adenle, Ademola A., Ford, James D., Morton, John, Twomlow, Stephen, Alverson, Keith, Cattaneo, Andrea, Cervigni, Rafaello, Kurukulasuriya, Pradeep, Huq, Saleemul, Helfgott, Ariella and Ebinger, Jane O. (2017) Managing climate change risks in Africa - A global perspective. Ecological Economics, 141. pp. 190-201. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.06.004)

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren, Morton, John F. and Muchaba, Tabitha (2018) Rainfall variability and drought characteristics in two agro-climatic zones: An assessment of climate change challenges in Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 630. pp. 728-737. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.196)

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Brown, Douglas R., Gomes, Isabel, Morton, John F. and Rinaudo, Tony (2008) Pastoralism and poverty: research informing practice. Faith and Economics, 52. pp. 15-31. ISSN 0896-307X

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

Goodwin, Harold, Spenceley, Anna and Maynard, Bill (2002) Development of responsible tourism guidelines for South Africa (Final report). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Najjingo Mangheni, Margaret, Ekirikubinza-Tibatemwa, Lillian and Forsythe, Lora (2010) Gender issues in agricultural education within African universities. Discussion Paper. Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), Kampala, Uganda.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Patterson, G., Wooster, M.J. and Sear, C.B. (1995) Real-time monitoring of African aquatic resources using remote sensing with special reference to Lake Malawi. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Posthumus, H., Pound, B., Andrieu, N. and Triomphe, B. (2011) Enhancing adoption of conservation agriculture practices through co-innovation platforms in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 Sep 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Stickings, Jeremy, Goodland, Andrew D., Janowski, Monica and Chinemana, Frances (1999) Agricultural sector investment programmes - Experience in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (3) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545091

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Sutherland, Alistair, Martin, Adrienne and Rider Smith, David (2001) Dimensions of participation. Experiences, lessons and tips from agricultural research practitioners in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545393

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

agencies

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

agrarian societies

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Agribusiness investment

Koechlin, Lucy, Quan, Julian and Mulukutla, Hari (2016) LEGEND Analytical Paper 1: Tackling corruption in land governance. [Working Paper]

agricultural co-operatives

Martin, Adrienne and Pound, Barry (1998) Report on a visit to South Africa to facilitate a participatory workshop for an urban agriculture project in Sobantu Village, KwaZulu-Natal, as part of the DfID funded project: "Support to the Institute of Natural Resources for institutional development in South Africa". [Working Paper]

agricultural development

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

agricultural economics

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

agricultural extension

Posthumus, Helena, Gardebroek, Cornelis and Ruben, Ruerd (2010) From participation to adoption: Comparing the effectiveness of soil conservation programs in the Peruvian Andes. Land Economics, 86 (4). pp. 645-667. ISSN 0023-7639 (Print), 1543-8325 (Online)

agricultural extension services

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

agricultural improvement

Anderson, I. P., Brinn, P. J., Moyo, M. and Nyamwanza, B. (1993) Physical resource inventory of the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe - An overview (NRI Bulletin 60). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543404 ISSN 0952-8245

agricultural innovation systems

Pound, Barry (2007) Widening the definition of capacity to respond to the innovations systems approach. In: RUFORUM Biennial Conference on Building Scientific and Technical Capacity through Graduate Training and Agricultural Research in African Universities, 23-27 April 2007, Sun ‘N’ Sand Hotel, Malawi. (Unpublished)

agricultural investment

Stickings, Jeremy, Goodland, Andrew D., Janowski, Monica and Chinemana, Frances (1999) Agricultural sector investment programmes - Experience in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (3) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545091

agricultural knowledge

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

agricultural management

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

agricultural production

Coote, Claire, Giller, Ken, Sutherland, Alastair, Mughogho, Spider, Benson, Todd, Oudwater, Nicoleine and Coulter, John (1998) Soil fertility in Malawi. A review of policies, productivity and perceptions. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

agricultural reform

Dougnon, Isaïe, Sanogo, Siaka, Coulibaly, Bakary, Diamoutene, Abdoul Karim and Morton, John F. (2010) "Leaving farmers as orphans": agricultural privatisation and reform of farmer organisations in Mali. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

agricultural research

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

agricultural residues

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

Agricultural system

Kanyama-Phiri, George, Wellard, Kate and Snapp, Sieglinde (2017) Introduction. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00001-3)

agriculture

Adolph, Barbara (2005) Learning how to do things differently: challenges in sharing tacit knowledge for agricultural and rural development (with examples from India and Namibia). In: Proceedings of the symposium on Learning Alliances for scaling up innovative approaches in the water and sanitation sector held in Delft, the Netherlands, 7-9 June 2005. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 1-10.

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Belay, Abrham, Recha, John W., Woldeamanuel, Teshale and Morton, John F. (2017) Smallholder farmers' adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 6 (24). ISSN 2048-7010 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40066-017-0100-1)

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Coote, Claire, Giller, Ken, Sutherland, Alastair, Mughogho, Spider, Benson, Todd, Oudwater, Nicoleine and Coulter, John (1998) Soil fertility in Malawi. A review of policies, productivity and perceptions. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gilling, J. and Cropley, J. P. (1993) Needs assessment for agricultural development: Practical issues in informal data collection. NRI Socio-economic Series, 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543366

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Lamboll, Richard, Stathers, Tanya and Morton, John (2017) Climate change and agricultural systems. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 441-490. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00013-X)

Meijerink, Gerdien, Onumah, Gideon and Posthumus, Helena (2011) Innovations in risk insurance models. Discussion Paper. Agrinatura / ESFIM, Paris, France.

Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Agriculture’s role in flood adaptation and mitigation: policy issues and approaches. Discussion Paper. OECD Publishing, Paris, France. (doi:10.1787/786804541573)

Morris, Joe, Posthumus, Helena, Hess, Tim, Gowing, David and Rouquette, Jim (2009) Watery land: the management of lowland floodplains in England. In: Winter, Michael and Lobley, Matt, (eds.) What is land for?: The Food, Fuel and Climate Change Debate. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 135-166. ISBN 9781844077205

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Morton, John (2014) Agricultural adaptations: social context and complexity. In: Palutikof, JP, Boulter, SL, Barnett, J and Rissik, D, (eds.) Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 119-121. ISBN 978-1-118-84501-1

Najjingo Mangheni, Margaret, Ekirikubinza-Tibatemwa, Lillian and Forsythe, Lora (2010) Gender issues in agricultural education within African universities. Discussion Paper. Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), Kampala, Uganda.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Nelson, Valerie and Tallontire, Anne (2014) Battlefields of ideas: changing narratives and power dynamics in private standards in global agricultural value chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (3). pp. 481-497. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9512-8)

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Posthumus, H., Deeks, L.K., Fenn, I. and Rickson, R.J. (2011) Soil conservation in two English catchments: linking soil management with policies. Land Degradation & Development, 22 (1). pp. 97-110. ISSN 1099-145X (online) (doi:10.1002/ldr.987)

Posthumus, H., Rouquette, J.R., Morris, J., Gowing, D.J.G. and Hess, T.M. (2010) A framework for the assessment of ecosystem goods and services; a case study on lowland floodplains in England. Ecological Economics, 69 (7). pp. 1510-1523. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.02.011)

Posthumus, Helena and Morris, Joe (2010) Implications of CAP-reform for land management and runoff control in England and Wales. Land Use Policy, 27 (1). pp. 42-50. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.06.002)

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

Prager, Katrin and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Adopting sustainable soil management: the role of socio-economic factors. The Sixteenth Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference [Conference Proceedings]. The Kadoorie Institute, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. ISBN 978-988-18934-1-3

Prager, Katrin and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Socio-economic factors influencing farmers' adoption of soil conservation practices in Europe. In: Napier, Ted L., (ed.) Human Dimensions of Soil and Water Conservation: A Global Perspective. Agriculture Issues and Policies . Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY, USA, pp. 203-223. ISBN 978-7-61728-957-6

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Morris, J., Hess, T.M., Dawson, Q.L. and Gowing, D.J.G. (2011) Synergies and trade-offs in the management of lowland rural floodplains: an ecosystem services approach / Synergies et arbitrages dans la gestion des plaines d'inondation rurales: une approche écosystémique des services. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56 (8). pp. 1566-1581. ISSN 0262-6667 (Print), 2150-3435 (Online) (doi:10.1080/02626667.2011.629785)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne and Muzira, Robert (2008) Tracking outcomes of social and institutional innovations in natural resource management. In: Sanginga, Pascal C., Waters-Bayer, Ann, Kaaria, Susan, Njuki, Jemimah and Wettasinha, Chesha, (eds.) Innovation Africa: enriching farmers' livelihoods. Earthscan Ltd, London, UK, pp. 220-238. ISBN 978-1-84407-671-0 (hbk), 978-1-84407-672-7 (pbk)

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Stickings, Jeremy, Goodland, Andrew D., Janowski, Monica and Chinemana, Frances (1999) Agricultural sector investment programmes - Experience in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (3) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545091

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

Sutherland, Alistair, Martin, Adrienne and Rider Smith, David (2001) Dimensions of participation. Experiences, lessons and tips from agricultural research practitioners in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545393

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

Warburton, H. and Martin, A. (1999) Local people's knowledge in natural resources research. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

agriculture poor

Bleahu, Ana and Janowski, Monica (2002) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania: A report on qualitative fieldwork in two communities. [Working Paper]

agro-pastoralism

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

agro-pastoralsim

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

Agroecology

Kanyama-Phiri, George, Wellard, Kate and Snapp, Sieglinde (2017) Introduction. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00001-3)

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

agroforestry

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Gordon, A. (1997) Domestic markets for non-timber tree products: Methodological and strategical issues. NRI Socio-economic Series, 14 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544915

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

Nelson, V., Maynard, B., Blowfield, M., Burchell, R., Collinson, C., Tallontire, A. and Thornback, J. (2001) Ethical trade, people and forests (A manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

agropastoralism

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

agropastoralists

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

aid agencies

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

AIDS

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

air injector

Tariq, A.S. and Lipscombe, R.J. (1992) Application of air injectors to biomass combustion systems. Conveyance of rice husks and other particulate biomass materials (NRI Bulletin 52). [Working Paper]

alder

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Alnus orientalis

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

analysis

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

Andes

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

Andhra Pradesh

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

animal health

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

anthropology

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Anthropometry – Nutrition assessment – Public health – Program evaluation – Monitoring – Surveillance – Surveys – Timely warning – Malnutrition – Low-income

Tuffrey, Veronica and Hall, Andrew (2016) Methods of nutrition surveillance in low-income countries. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology, 13 (1). ISSN 1742-7622 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12982-016-0045-z)

aquaculture

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

McLeod, Anni, Ajmone Marsan, Paolo, Dunham, Rex, Fitzpatrick, Julie, Morton, John, Udén, Peter and von Sury, Felix (2016) Evaluation of the CGIAR research program on livestock and fish. Technical Report. Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) of the CGIAR, Rome, Italy.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Patterson, G., Wooster, M.J. and Sear, C.B. (1995) Real-time monitoring of African aquatic resources using remote sensing with special reference to Lake Malawi. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Aquatic resources

Patterson, G., Wooster, M.J. and Sear, C.B. (1995) Real-time monitoring of African aquatic resources using remote sensing with special reference to Lake Malawi. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Armenia

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Asia

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

Australia

Morton, John (2014) Agricultural adaptations: social context and complexity. In: Palutikof, JP, Boulter, SL, Barnett, J and Rissik, D, (eds.) Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 119-121. ISBN 978-1-118-84501-1

banana

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bangladesh

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

beans

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

bees

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

beliefs

Forsythe, Lora, Nyamanda, Mala, Mbachi Mwangwela, Agnes and Bennett, Ben (2015) Beliefs, taboos and minor crop value chains: the case of Bambara Groundnut in Malawi. Food, Culture and Society, 18 (3). pp. 501-517. ISSN 1552-8014 (Print), 1751-7443 (Online) (doi:10.1080/15528014.2015.1043112)

Belize

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Belize Valley

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

bench terraces

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

Better Cotton Initiative

Kumar, R., Nelson, V., Martin, A., Badal, D., Latheef, A., Suresh Reddy, B., Narayanan, L., Young, S. and Hartog, M. (2016) Evaluation of the early impacts of the better cotton initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, India: Baseline report. ISEAL Alliance, London.

Better management practices

Kumar, Ravinder (2010) Developing a Policy Framework for Promoting Better Management Practices in Four Cotton States in India. [Working Paper]

bibliography

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

biodiversity

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

biodiversity valuation

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

biomass

Tariq, A.S., Reupke, P. and Sarwar, G. (1994) Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation. Biomass Combustion Systems (2). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-385-4

biomass combustion

Tariq, A.S. and Lipscombe, R.J. (1992) Application of air injectors to biomass combustion systems. Conveyance of rice husks and other particulate biomass materials (NRI Bulletin 52). [Working Paper]

black dye

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. M. (1982) Black dyes for coir fibre: 3 practical considerations. Torpical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541568

boardmaking

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Bolivia

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Brazil

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

brazil nut

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Breastfeeding – Infant and young child feeding – Humanitarian emergency – Nutrition – Research priorities

Prudhon, Claudine, Maclaine, Ali, Hall, Andrew, Benelli, Prisca, Harrigan, Paige and Frize, Jacqueline (2016) Research priorities for improving infant and young child feeding in humanitarian emergencies. BMC Nutrition, 2 (1). ISSN 2055-0928 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40795-016-0066-6)

bridge press

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

bumper crop

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

bunkers

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

Burkina Faso

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

by-catch

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

bylaws

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick and Martin, Adrienne (2007) The dynamics of social capital and conflict management in multiple resource regimes: a case of the Southwestern Highlands of Uganda. Ecology and Society, 12 (1). ISSN 1708-3087

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

cacao

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

California

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

Cameroon

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

capacity

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cape Flats

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

Cape Town

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

carbon offset

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

cashew

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

cassava

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Posthumus, Helena (2015) Cassava market development: a path to women’s empowerment or business as usual? Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 11-27. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.003)

Forsythe, Lora, Posthumus, Helena and Martin, Adrienne (2016) A crop of one's own? Women’s experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1 (2):2. pp. 110-128. ISSN 2413-922X (Online)

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

cassava flour

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

cassava mosaic disease

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

cassava processing

Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Posthumus, Helena (2015) Cassava market development: a path to women’s empowerment or business as usual? Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 11-27. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.003)

cassava starch

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

categorisation

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

cattle

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Cayo

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

cement slab manufacture

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

cement slabs

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

cement-lined pit

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

cereal storage

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

certification

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

Chad

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

Challenges

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

characteristics

Palmer, E. R. and Ganguli, S. (1985) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa from Uganda. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541975

citrus

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

clay-lined pit

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

climate

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Morton, John F. (2010) Pastoralism and climate change:clarifying research and policy agendas(with particular reference to the Horn of Africa). In: Second International Conference on Climate, Sustainability and Development in Semi-arid Regions, 16-20 Aug 2010, Ceará Convention Center Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil. (Unpublished)

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Climate adaptation policy

Adenle, Ademola A., Ford, James D., Morton, John, Twomlow, Stephen, Alverson, Keith, Cattaneo, Andrea, Cervigni, Rafaello, Kurukulasuriya, Pradeep, Huq, Saleemul, Helfgott, Ariella and Ebinger, Jane O. (2017) Managing climate change risks in Africa - A global perspective. Ecological Economics, 141. pp. 190-201. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.06.004)

climate change

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren and Morton, John F. (2016) Comparing smallholder farmers' perception of climate change with meteorological data: A case study from southwestern Nigeria. Weather and Climate Extremes, 15. pp. 24-33. ISSN 2212-0947 (Print), 2212-0947 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.wace.2016.12.001)

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren, Morton, John F. and Muchaba, Tabitha (2018) Rainfall variability and drought characteristics in two agro-climatic zones: An assessment of climate change challenges in Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 630. pp. 728-737. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.196)

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Belay, Abrham, Recha, John W., Woldeamanuel, Teshale and Morton, John F. (2017) Smallholder farmers' adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 6 (24). ISSN 2048-7010 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40066-017-0100-1)

Boyd, Emily, Grist, Natasha, Juhola, Sirkku and Nelson, Valerie (2009) Exploring development futures in a changing climate: frontiers for development policy and practice. Development Policy Review, 27 (6). pp. 659-674. ISSN 0950-6764 (Print), 1467-7679 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00464.x)

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

Ifeanyi-obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R. and Arokoyu, S. (2017) Socio-economic determinants of cocoyam farmer’s strategies for climate change adaptation in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 21 (2). pp. 91-104. ISSN 1119-944X (Print), 2408-6851 (Online) (doi:10.4314/jae.v21i2.8)

Lamboll, Richard, Stathers, Tanya and Morton, John (2017) Climate change and agricultural systems. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 441-490. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00013-X)

López-i-Gelats, Feliu, Fraser, Evan D.G., Morton, John F. and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2016) What drives the vulnerability of pastoralists to global environmental change? A qualitative meta-analysis. Global Environmental Change, 39. pp. 258-274. ISSN 0959-3780 (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.011)

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Morton, John (2014) Agricultural adaptations: social context and complexity. In: Palutikof, JP, Boulter, SL, Barnett, J and Rissik, D, (eds.) Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 119-121. ISBN 978-1-118-84501-1

Morton, John (2013) Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) Climate Change Briefing Paper. Discussion Paper. Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Morton, John, Solecki, William, Dasgupta, Purnamita, Dodman, David and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2014) Cross-chapter box on urban–rural interactions – context for climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation. In: Field, C. and Barros, V., (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 153-155. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Rivera-Ferre, M. G., López-i-Gelats, F., Howden, M., Smith, P., Morton, J. F. and Herrero, M. (2016) Re-framing the climate change debate in the livestock sector: mitigation and adaptation options. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 7 (6). pp. 869-892. ISSN 1757-7780 (Print), 1757-7799 (Online) (doi:10.1002/wcc.421)

Climate change and variability

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

Kassian, Lucy, Tenywa, Moses, Liwenga, Emma T., Wellard Dyer, Kate and Bamutaze, Yazidhi (2016) Implication of climate change and variability on stream flow in Iringa region, Tanzania. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 8 (2). pp. 336-347. ISSN 2040-2244 (doi:10.2166/wcc.2016.238)

climate impacts

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

climate policy and technological change

Scrieciu, S. Şerban, Barker, Terry and Ackerman, Frank (2011) Pushing the boundaries of climate economics: Critical issues to consider in climate policy analysis. Ecological Economics, 85. pp. 155-165. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.10.016)

coastal

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

coastal community

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

coastal fishing

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

cocoa

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Nelson, Valerie and Phillips, David (2018) Sector, landscape or rural transformations? Exploring the limits and potential of agricultural sustainability initiatives through a cocoa case study. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 0964-4733 (Print), 1099-0836 (Online) (doi:10.1002/bse.2014)

coconut oil

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

coconuts

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Cocoyam farmers

Ifeanyi-Obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R., Adesope, O.M. and Arokoyu, S.B. (2017) Challenges faced by cocoyam farmers in adapting to climate change in Southeast Nigeria. Climate Risk Management, 17. pp. 155-164. ISSN 2212-0963 (Print), 2212-0963 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.04.002)

codes of practice

Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Ewert, Joachim (2007) The impacts of codes of practice on worker livelihoods: empirical evidence from the South African wine and Kenyan cut flower industries. Journal of Corporate Citizenship (28). pp. 61-72. ISSN 1470-5001

coffee

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

coir fibre

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. M. (1982) Black dyes for coir fibre: 3 practical considerations. Torpical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541568

cold reactive

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. (1977) Pad-batch dyeing of plant fibres. Rural Technology Guide (2) . Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540669

combustion

Tariq, A.S., Reupke, P. and Sarwar, G. (1994) Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation. Biomass Combustion Systems (2). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-385-4

combustion system

Tariq, A.S. and Lipscombe, R.J. (1992) Application of air injectors to biomass combustion systems. Conveyance of rice husks and other particulate biomass materials (NRI Bulletin 52). [Working Paper]

Comic Relief

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

common agricultural policy

Posthumus, Helena and Morris, Joe (2010) Implications of CAP-reform for land management and runoff control in England and Wales. Land Use Policy, 27 (1). pp. 42-50. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.06.002)

communal lands

Anderson, I. P., Brinn, P. J., Moyo, M. and Nyamwanza, B. (1993) Physical resource inventory of the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe - An overview (NRI Bulletin 60). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543404 ISSN 0952-8245

communication

Garforth, Chris (1998) Dissemination pathways for RNR research. Socio-economic methodologies. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

communication networks

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

communications

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

communism

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

community

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Community of Evaluators in South Asia

Raghunathan, N., Mankad, Siddhi and Kumar, Ravinder (2014) Impact evaluations: Ways to get it right—Tips for achieving impactful impact evaluations. In: Hay, Katherine Eve and Kumar-Range, Shubh, (eds.) Making Evaluation Matter: Writings from South Asia. Sage Publishing. ISBN 9789351500278 ISSN 978-9351500278 (Print), 978-9351501480 (Online)

Compagnie Malienne pour le Developpement des Fibres Textiles (CMDT)

Dougnon, Isaïe, Sanogo, Siaka, Coulibaly, Bakary, Diamoutene, Abdoul Karim and Morton, John F. (2010) "Leaving farmers as orphans": agricultural privatisation and reform of farmer organisations in Mali. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

compression ignition engines

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

Computer software – Linear programming – Food – Cost of the diet – Affordability

Deptford, Amy, Allieri, Tommy, Childs, Rachel, Damu, Claudia, Ferguson, Elaine, Hilton, Jennie, Parham, Paul, Perry, Abigail, Rees, Alex, Seddon, James and Hall, Andrew (2017) Cost of the Diet: a method and software to calculate the lowest cost of meeting recommended intakes of energy and nutrients from local foods. BMC Nutrition, 3 (1):26. ISSN 2055-0928 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40795-017-0136-4)

conflicts

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick and Martin, Adrienne (2007) The dynamics of social capital and conflict management in multiple resource regimes: a case of the Southwestern Highlands of Uganda. Ecology and Society, 12 (1). ISSN 1708-3087

conservation

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

conservation agriculture

Posthumus, H., Pound, B., Andrieu, N. and Triomphe, B. (2011) Enhancing adoption of conservation agriculture practices through co-innovation platforms in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 Sep 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

constraints

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Consumption coping strategies

Mayanja, Maureen N., Rubaire-Akiiki, Chris, Greiner, Ted and Morton, John F. (2015) Characterising food insecurity in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda using a consumption coping strategy index. Pastoralism, 5 (11). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2041-7136 (Print), 2041-7136 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13570-015-0031-z)

contingency planning

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

contract farming

Stringfellow, R. (1996) An investigation of the organisational features, commodities and situations associated with contract farming and outgrower schemes in Sub Saharan Africa and of the factors which are critical to their successful operation. [Working Paper]

Coping behavior

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

corporate social responcibility

Morton, John F. (2011) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: acting, teaching but not learning? In: International Conference on the Future of Pastoralism, 21-23 Mar 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (Unpublished)

corporate social responsibility

Morton, John F. (2012) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: Helping, teaching but not learning? In: Catley, Andy, Lind, Jeremy and Scoones, Ian, (eds.) Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins. Pathways to Sustainability . Routledge, Abingdon, UK, pp. 108-118. ISBN 9780415540711

Corruption

Koechlin, Lucy, Quan, Julian and Mulukutla, Hari (2016) LEGEND Analytical Paper 1: Tackling corruption in land governance. [Working Paper]

cost

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

cost implication

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

cost-benefit analysis

Rickson, Jane, Deeks, Lynda, Posthumus, Helena and Quinton, John (2010) Understanding the costs and benefits of mitigation measures used to reduce or prevent soil erosion. Project Report. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), London, UK.

cotton

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

cover and plinth

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

craft

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. (1977) Pad-batch dyeing of plant fibres. Rural Technology Guide (2) . Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540669

credit

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Pearce, Douglas and Helms, Brigit (2000) Financial services associations: The story so far. Consultative group to assist the poorest. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

credit access

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

crop

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

crop improvement

Conroy, Martin (Czech) (2009) Use and institutionalisation of process innovations: participatory crop improvement processes in India and Nepal. In: Innovation Asia-Pacific Symposium, 4-7 May 2009, Kathmandu, Nepal.

crop management

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

crop storage

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

cropping systems

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

CSR

Morton, John F. (2012) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: Helping, teaching but not learning? In: Catley, Andy, Lind, Jeremy and Scoones, Ian, (eds.) Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins. Pathways to Sustainability . Routledge, Abingdon, UK, pp. 108-118. ISBN 9780415540711

cultivation

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

culture

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

customary law

Ubink, Janine M. and Quan, Julian F. (2008) How to combine tradition and modernity? Regulating customary land management in Ghana. Land Use Policy, 25 (2). pp. 198-213. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.06.002)

cyclonic suspension burner

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

Cyprus

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

dairy

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

data collection

Gilling, J. and Cropley, J. P. (1993) Needs assessment for agricultural development: Practical issues in informal data collection. NRI Socio-economic Series, 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543366

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

decentralisation

Dasgupta, Nandini, Clark, David and Cannon, Terry (2001) Literature survey: Rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and local governance. [Working Paper]

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

decentralization

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

Decision-support

Katic, Pamela and Morris, Joanne (2016) Targeting investments in small-scale groundwater irrigation using Bayesian networks for a data-scarce river basin in Sub-Saharan Africa. Environmental Modelling and Software, 82. pp. 44-72. ISSN 1364-8152 (doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.04.004)

deforestation

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

degradation

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

demining

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

desertification

Quan, Julian, Barton, David and Conroy, Czech (1994) A preliminary assessment of the economic impact of desertification in Nambia. [Working Paper]

design

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

developing countries

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

Morton, John F. (2007) The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistence agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (50). pp. 19680-19685. ISSN 0027-8424 (doi:10.1073/pnas.0701855104)

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

development

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Anderson, I. P., Brinn, P. J., Moyo, M. and Nyamwanza, B. (1993) Physical resource inventory of the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe - An overview (NRI Bulletin 60). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543404 ISSN 0952-8245

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Blowfield, Michael, Gallat, Stephanie, Malins, Annabelle, Maynard, Bill, Nelson, Valerie and Robinson, Dawn (1999) Ethical trade and sustainable rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-503-2

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Coote, Claire, Giller, Ken, Sutherland, Alastair, Mughogho, Spider, Benson, Todd, Oudwater, Nicoleine and Coulter, John (1998) Soil fertility in Malawi. A review of policies, productivity and perceptions. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Dasgupta, Nandini, Clark, David and Cannon, Terry (2001) Literature survey: Rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and local governance. [Working Paper]

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Garforth, Chris (1998) Dissemination pathways for RNR research. Socio-economic methodologies. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Gilling, J. and Cropley, J. P. (1993) Needs assessment for agricultural development: Practical issues in informal data collection. NRI Socio-economic Series, 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543366

Goodwin, Harold, Spenceley, Anna and Maynard, Bill (2002) Development of responsible tourism guidelines for South Africa (Final report). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, A. (1997) Domestic markets for non-timber tree products: Methodological and strategical issues. NRI Socio-economic Series, 14 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544915

Gordon, Ann (1999) Non-farm rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (4) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545113

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate and Sutherland, Alistair (2000) Addressing gender in renewable natural resources knowledge strategies. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research best practice guides . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Morton, John F. (2008) Morality and institutions: an exploration. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

Morton, John F. (2010) Why should governmentality matter for the study of pastoral development? Nomadic Peoples, 14 (1). pp. 6-30. ISSN 0822-7942 (Print), 1752-2366 (Online) (doi:10.3167/np.2010.140102)

Nelson, V., Maynard, B., Blowfield, M., Burchell, R., Collinson, C., Tallontire, A. and Thornback, J. (2001) Ethical trade, people and forests (A manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne and Muzira, Robert (2008) Tracking outcomes of social and institutional innovations in natural resource management. In: Sanginga, Pascal C., Waters-Bayer, Ann, Kaaria, Susan, Njuki, Jemimah and Wettasinha, Chesha, (eds.) Innovation Africa: enriching farmers' livelihoods. Earthscan Ltd, London, UK, pp. 220-238. ISBN 978-1-84407-671-0 (hbk), 978-1-84407-672-7 (pbk)

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Stickings, Jeremy, Goodland, Andrew D., Janowski, Monica and Chinemana, Frances (1999) Agricultural sector investment programmes - Experience in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (3) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545091

Sutherland, Alistair (1998) Participatory research in natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Sutherland, Alistair, Martin, Adrienne and Rider Smith, David (2001) Dimensions of participation. Experiences, lessons and tips from agricultural research practitioners in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545393

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

Warburton, H. and Martin, A. (1999) Local people's knowledge in natural resources research. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

development economics

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

development futures

Boyd, Emily, Grist, Natasha, Juhola, Sirkku and Nelson, Valerie (2009) Exploring development futures in a changing climate: frontiers for development policy and practice. Development Policy Review, 27 (6). pp. 659-674. ISSN 0950-6764 (Print), 1467-7679 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00464.x)

development narratives

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

development studies

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

diamond

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

diesel blends

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

Disasters

Morton, John (2013) Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) Climate Change Briefing Paper. Discussion Paper. Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

discrete choice models

Posthumus, Helena, Gardebroek, Cornelis and Ruben, Ruerd (2010) From participation to adoption: Comparing the effectiveness of soil conservation programs in the Peruvian Andes. Land Economics, 86 (4). pp. 645-667. ISSN 0023-7639 (Print), 1543-8325 (Online)

disease prevention

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

dissemination pathways

Garforth, Chris (1998) Dissemination pathways for RNR research. Socio-economic methodologies. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

diversification

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

donor support

Morton, John and Meadows, Nicholas (2000) Pastoralism and sustainable livelihoods: An emerging agenda. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (11) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545253

drought

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Morton, John (2013) Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) Climate Change Briefing Paper. Discussion Paper. Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Drought characteristics

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren, Morton, John F. and Muchaba, Tabitha (2018) Rainfall variability and drought characteristics in two agro-climatic zones: An assessment of climate change challenges in Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 630. pp. 728-737. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.196)

drought management

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

drying

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

Dryland cereals

Hillocks, Rory, Kumar, Ravinder, Martin, Adrienne, Robinson, Jonathan, Rothschild, George and Thangata, Paul (2016) CRP Commissioned External Evaluation of the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals. Independent Evaluation Arranagement of the CGIAR.

drylands

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Gender and drylands governance: Empowering women for change. UNDP, UNCCD, Greenwich.

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Quan, Julian, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Strengthening dryland women's land rights: local contexts, global change. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

Morton, John and Kerven, C (2013) Livelihoods and basic service support in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Technical Report. International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Nelson, Valerie, Forsythe, Lora and Morton, John (2015) Synthesis of thematic papers from the series ‘Women’s empowerment in the drylands. UNCCD and UNDP, Greenwich.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Achieving dryland women's empowerment: environmental resilience and social transformation. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

dumping

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

dye

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. M. (1982) Black dyes for coir fibre: 3 practical considerations. Torpical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541568

dyebath exhaustion

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. M. (1982) Black dyes for coir fibre: 3 practical considerations. Torpical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541568

dyeing

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. (1977) Pad-batch dyeing of plant fibres. Rural Technology Guide (2) . Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540669

early warning

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

economic

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Economic and Environmental impacts

Kumar, R., Nelson, V., Martin, A., Badal, D., Latheef, A., Suresh Reddy, B., Narayanan, L., Young, S. and Hartog, M. (2016) Evaluation of the early impacts of the better cotton initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, India: Baseline report. ISEAL Alliance, London.

economic evaluation

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

economic growth

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

economic impact

Quan, Julian, Barton, David and Conroy, Czech (1994) A preliminary assessment of the economic impact of desertification in Nambia. [Working Paper]

economic issues

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

economics and finance

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

economy

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Bleahu, Ana and Janowski, Monica (2002) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania: A report on qualitative fieldwork in two communities. [Working Paper]

Dasgupta, Nandini, Clark, David and Cannon, Terry (2001) Literature survey: Rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and local governance. [Working Paper]

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider (2001) Gender and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda. [Working Paper]

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

ecosystem services

Morris, Joe, Posthumus, Helena, Hess, Tim, Gowing, David and Rouquette, Jim (2009) Watery land: the management of lowland floodplains in England. In: Winter, Michael and Lobley, Matt, (eds.) What is land for?: The Food, Fuel and Climate Change Debate. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 135-166. ISBN 9781844077205

Posthumus, H., Rouquette, J.R., Morris, J., Gowing, D.J.G. and Hess, T.M. (2010) A framework for the assessment of ecosystem goods and services; a case study on lowland floodplains in England. Ecological Economics, 69 (7). pp. 1510-1523. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.02.011)

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Angus, Andrew and Graves, Anil (2009) Land valuation and decision making. Report of Proceedings of Foresight Land Use Futures and RELU Workshop. Technical Report. Cranfield University.

Rickson, Jane, Deeks, Lynda, Posthumus, Helena and Quinton, John (2010) Understanding the costs and benefits of mitigation measures used to reduce or prevent soil erosion. Project Report. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), London, UK.

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Morris, J., Hess, T.M., Dawson, Q.L. and Gowing, D.J.G. (2011) Synergies and trade-offs in the management of lowland rural floodplains: an ecosystem services approach / Synergies et arbitrages dans la gestion des plaines d'inondation rurales: une approche écosystémique des services. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56 (8). pp. 1566-1581. ISSN 0262-6667 (Print), 2150-3435 (Online) (doi:10.1080/02626667.2011.629785)

Ecuador

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Education

Morton, John and Kerven, C (2013) Livelihoods and basic service support in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Technical Report. International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Effectiveness

Nelson, Valerie (ed.) (2017) Fairtrade Impacts: Lessons from around the world. Fairtrade Impacts. Practical Action Publishing, Hampshire, UK. ISBN 978-1853399077 (doi:10.3362/9781780449067)

efficiency

Hollingdale, A. C. and Lipscombe, R. J. (1992) Report on a visit to Sri Lanka to evaluate performance of traditional furnace/heat exchanger systems used in the tea industry: 10 to 29 November 1992. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

effluent reduction

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

emergency storage

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 1. Wind forces on emergency storage structures (ODNRI Bulletin No. 23). [Working Paper]

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

O'Dowd, E.T., New, J.H., Bisbrown, A.J.K., Hallam, J.A. and Joy, Corinne (1987) An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries (ODNRI Bulletin No. 10). [Working Paper]

employability

Franceschelli, Michela, Casebourne, Joe, Forsythe, Lora and Bivand, Paul (2008) The impact of learning on employability. Technical Report. Learning and Skills Council, Coventry, UK.

employment

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Bleahu, Ana and Janowski, Monica (2002) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania: A report on qualitative fieldwork in two communities. [Working Paper]

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Ramsden, Peter, Forsythe, Lora and Maurey, Kiki (2007) BME access to skills, employment and enterprise services in the East of England: final report for MENTER prepared by the Centre for Economic & Social Inclusion. Technical Report. Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion, London.

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider (2001) Gender and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda. [Working Paper]

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

England

Posthumus, H., Deeks, L.K., Fenn, I. and Rickson, R.J. (2011) Soil conservation in two English catchments: linking soil management with policies. Land Degradation & Development, 22 (1). pp. 97-110. ISSN 1099-145X (online) (doi:10.1002/ldr.987)

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

enterprise

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

environment

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Achieving dryland women's empowerment: environmental resilience and social transformation. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

environmental economics

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Angus, Andrew and Graves, Anil (2009) Land valuation and decision making. Report of Proceedings of Foresight Land Use Futures and RELU Workshop. Technical Report. Cranfield University.

environmental impact

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

environmental policy

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

ERW

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

ethical

Nelson, V., Maynard, B., Blowfield, M., Burchell, R., Collinson, C., Tallontire, A. and Thornback, J. (2001) Ethical trade, people and forests (A manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

ethical sourcing

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

ethical trade

Blowfield, Michael, Gallat, Stephanie, Malins, Annabelle, Maynard, Bill, Nelson, Valerie and Robinson, Dawn (1999) Ethical trade and sustainable rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-503-2

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

ethics

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ethiopia

Belay, Abrham, Recha, John W., Woldeamanuel, Teshale and Morton, John F. (2017) Smallholder farmers' adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 6 (24). ISSN 2048-7010 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40066-017-0100-1)

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Morton, John, Livingstone, John K. and Mussa, Mohammed (2007) Legislators and livestock: pastoralist parliamentary groups in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Gatekeeper Series, 131 . International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, pp. 1-25. ISBN (ISSN) 1357-9258 ISSN 1357-9258

ethnic minorities

Ramsden, Peter, Forsythe, Lora and Maurey, Kiki (2007) BME access to skills, employment and enterprise services in the East of England: final report for MENTER prepared by the Centre for Economic & Social Inclusion. Technical Report. Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion, London.

Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Eucalyptus gomphocephala

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

evaluation

Forsythe, Lora and Wellard, Kate (2014) Executive summary of final evaluation: ActionAid women’s right to land. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Hollingdale, A. C. and Lipscombe, R. J. (1992) Report on a visit to Sri Lanka to evaluate performance of traditional furnace/heat exchanger systems used in the tea industry: 10 to 29 November 1992. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

McLeod, Anni, Ajmone Marsan, Paolo, Dunham, Rex, Fitzpatrick, Julie, Morton, John, Udén, Peter and von Sury, Felix (2016) Evaluation of the CGIAR research program on livestock and fish. Technical Report. Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) of the CGIAR, Rome, Italy.

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Exploring issues of rigour and utility in Fairtrade impact assessment. Food Chain, 4 (1). pp. 14-33. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2014.003)

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Evaluation and Learning System

Kumar, Ravinder and Martin, Adrienne (2017) Conceputalising, achieving and measuring impact. In: Resilient Small-scale Fisheries Symposium. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2017, pp. 27-28. ISBN 978-1925746075 ISSN 978-1925746082 (Online)

Evaluation in South Asia

Raghunathan, N., Mankad, Siddhi and Kumar, Ravinder (2014) Impact evaluations: Ways to get it right—Tips for achieving impactful impact evaluations. In: Hay, Katherine Eve and Kumar-Range, Shubh, (eds.) Making Evaluation Matter: Writings from South Asia. Sage Publishing. ISBN 9789351500278 ISSN 978-9351500278 (Print), 978-9351501480 (Online)

evaluation methods

Martin, Adrienne, Gundel, Sabine, Apenteng, Essie and Pound, Barry (2011) Review of literature on evaluation methods relevant to extension. Other. GFRAS – Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services, Agridea Eschikon 28 8315 Lindau Switzerland.

Evaluation of CGIAR Research Programme (CRP)

Hillocks, Rory, Kumar, Ravinder, Martin, Adrienne, Robinson, Jonathan, Rothschild, George and Thangata, Paul (2016) CRP Commissioned External Evaluation of the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals. Independent Evaluation Arranagement of the CGIAR.

explosive remnants of war

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

export

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Extension

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

extension evaluation

Martin, Adrienne, Gundel, Sabine, Apenteng, Essie and Pound, Barry (2011) Review of literature on evaluation methods relevant to extension. Other. GFRAS – Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services, Agridea Eschikon 28 8315 Lindau Switzerland.

fair trade

Blowfield, Michael, Gallat, Stephanie, Malins, Annabelle, Maynard, Bill, Nelson, Valerie and Robinson, Dawn (1999) Ethical trade and sustainable rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-503-2

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Exploring issues of rigour and utility in Fairtrade impact assessment. Food Chain, 4 (1). pp. 14-33. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2014.003)

Fairtrade

Nelson, Valerie (ed.) (2017) Fairtrade Impacts: Lessons from around the world. Fairtrade Impacts. Practical Action Publishing, Hampshire, UK. ISBN 978-1853399077 (doi:10.3362/9781780449067)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Exploring issues of rigour and utility in Fairtrade impact assessment. Food Chain, 4 (1). pp. 14-33. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2014.003)

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

farmer

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kaira, Charles K., Kleih, Ulrich K., Benmaamar, Mustapha, Kwamusi, Paul and Iga, Harriet (2002) Kick-start workshop on improved food crops marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Warburton, H. and Martin, A. (1999) Local people's knowledge in natural resources research. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

farmer organisations

Dougnon, Isaïe, Sanogo, Siaka, Coulibaly, Bakary, Diamoutene, Abdoul Karim and Morton, John F. (2010) "Leaving farmers as orphans": agricultural privatisation and reform of farmer organisations in Mali. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

farmers

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

Martin, Adrienne (2009) So what difference does it make? Assessing the outcomes and impacts of farmer participatory research. In: Scoones, Ian and Thompson, John, (eds.) Farmer first revisited: farmer-led innovation for agricultural research and development. Practical Action Publishing Ltd., Rugby, UK, pp. 276-281. ISBN 978-1-85339-682-3 (pbk)

Farmers Adaptation Strategies

Ifeanyi-obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R. and Arokoyu, S. (2017) Socio-economic determinants of cocoyam farmer’s strategies for climate change adaptation in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 21 (2). pp. 91-104. ISSN 1119-944X (Print), 2408-6851 (Online) (doi:10.4314/jae.v21i2.8)

farming

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Martin, Adrienne (2009) So what difference does it make? Assessing the outcomes and impacts of farmer participatory research. In: Scoones, Ian and Thompson, John, (eds.) Farmer first revisited: farmer-led innovation for agricultural research and development. Practical Action Publishing Ltd., Rugby, UK, pp. 276-281. ISBN 978-1-85339-682-3 (pbk)

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

Willoughby, Robin and Forsythe, Lora (2012) Farming for impact - a case study of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda. Technical Report. Concern Worldwide.

Farming systems

Kanyama-Phiri, George, Wellard, Kate and Snapp, Sieglinde (2017) Introduction. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00001-3)

feather pecking

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

feeder roads

Nelson, Valerie (2000) Zambia feeder roads research project rural transport policy toolkit: Livelihoods profile for North and Luapula provinces. [Working Paper]

fertility

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

finance

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

financial services associations

Pearce, Douglas and Helms, Brigit (2000) Financial services associations: The story so far. Consultative group to assist the poorest. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

fiscal reform

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

fish

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

fish trade

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

fisherfolk

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

fisheries

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kumar, Ravinder and Martin, Adrienne (2017) Conceputalising, achieving and measuring impact. In: Resilient Small-scale Fisheries Symposium. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2017, pp. 27-28. ISBN 978-1925746075 ISSN 978-1925746082 (Online)

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Patterson, G., Wooster, M.J. and Sear, C.B. (1995) Real-time monitoring of African aquatic resources using remote sensing with special reference to Lake Malawi. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

fishing

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

fishing community

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

flexible silos

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

flood damage

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

flood risk management

Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Agriculture’s role in flood adaptation and mitigation: policy issues and approaches. Discussion Paper. OECD Publishing, Paris, France. (doi:10.1787/786804541573)

Morris, Joe, Posthumus, Helena, Hess, Tim, Gowing, David and Rouquette, Jim (2009) Watery land: the management of lowland floodplains in England. In: Winter, Michael and Lobley, Matt, (eds.) What is land for?: The Food, Fuel and Climate Change Debate. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 135-166. ISBN 9781844077205

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

floodplains

Morris, Joe, Posthumus, Helena, Hess, Tim, Gowing, David and Rouquette, Jim (2009) Watery land: the management of lowland floodplains in England. In: Winter, Michael and Lobley, Matt, (eds.) What is land for?: The Food, Fuel and Climate Change Debate. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 135-166. ISBN 9781844077205

Posthumus, H., Rouquette, J.R., Morris, J., Gowing, D.J.G. and Hess, T.M. (2010) A framework for the assessment of ecosystem goods and services; a case study on lowland floodplains in England. Ecological Economics, 69 (7). pp. 1510-1523. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.02.011)

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Morris, J., Hess, T.M., Dawson, Q.L. and Gowing, D.J.G. (2011) Synergies and trade-offs in the management of lowland rural floodplains: an ecosystem services approach / Synergies et arbitrages dans la gestion des plaines d'inondation rurales: une approche écosystémique des services. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56 (8). pp. 1566-1581. ISSN 0262-6667 (Print), 2150-3435 (Online) (doi:10.1080/02626667.2011.629785)

flue gas composition

Tariq, A.S., Reupke, P. and Sarwar, G. (1994) Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation. Biomass Combustion Systems (2). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-385-4

food

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

food crop

Kaira, Charles K., Kleih, Ulrich K., Benmaamar, Mustapha, Kwamusi, Paul and Iga, Harriet (2002) Kick-start workshop on improved food crops marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Food insecurity

Mayanja, Maureen N., Rubaire-Akiiki, Chris, Greiner, Ted and Morton, John F. (2015) Characterising food insecurity in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda using a consumption coping strategy index. Pastoralism, 5 (11). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2041-7136 (Print), 2041-7136 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13570-015-0031-z)

food security

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Coote, Claire, Giller, Ken, Sutherland, Alastair, Mughogho, Spider, Benson, Todd, Oudwater, Nicoleine and Coulter, John (1998) Soil fertility in Malawi. A review of policies, productivity and perceptions. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Forsythe, Lora, Posthumus, Helena and Martin, Adrienne (2016) A crop of one's own? Women’s experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1 (2):2. pp. 110-128. ISSN 2413-922X (Online)

Grafton, R. Quentin, McLindin, Mahala, Hussey, Karen, Wyrwoll, Paul, Wichelns, Dennis, Ringler, Claudia, Garrick, Dustin, Pittock, Jamie, Wheeler, Sarah, Orr, Stuart, Matthews, Nathanial, Ansink, Erik, Aureli, Alice, Connell, Daniel, De Stefano, Lucia, Dowsley, Kate, Farolfi, Stefano, Hall, Jim, Katic, Pamela, Lankford, Bruce, Leckie, Hannah, McCartney, Matthew, Pohlner, Huw, Ratna, Nazmun, Rubarenzya, Mark Henry, Sai Raman, Shriman Narayan, Wheeler, Kevin and Williams, John (2016) Responding to global challenges in food, energy, environment and water: Risks and options assessment for decision-Making. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 3 (2). pp. 275-299. ISSN 2050-2680 (Print), 2050-2680 (Online) (doi:10.1002/app5.128)

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

food shelter

O'Dowd, E.T., New, J.H., Bisbrown, A.J.K., Hallam, J.A. and Joy, Corinne (1987) An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries (ODNRI Bulletin No. 10). [Working Paper]

forest

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

forest certification

Blowfield, Michael, Gallat, Stephanie, Malins, Annabelle, Maynard, Bill, Nelson, Valerie and Robinson, Dawn (1999) Ethical trade and sustainable rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-503-2

forest management

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

forest products

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

forest resources

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

forestry

Batima, Punsalmaa, Brander, Keith, Erda, Lin, Howden, Mark, Kirilenko, Andrei, Morton, John F., Soussana, Jean-François, Schmidhuber, Josef, Tubiello, Francesco, Easterling, William and Aggarwal, Pramod (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.B., Van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., (eds.) Climate change 2007 – impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 274-313. ISBN 9780521705974

Blowfield, Michael, Gallat, Stephanie, Malins, Annabelle, Maynard, Bill, Nelson, Valerie and Robinson, Dawn (1999) Ethical trade and sustainable rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-503-2

Nelson, V., Maynard, B., Blowfield, M., Burchell, R., Collinson, C., Tallontire, A. and Thornback, J. (2001) Ethical trade, people and forests (A manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Foucault

Morton, John F. (2010) Why should governmentality matter for the study of pastoral development? Nomadic Peoples, 14 (1). pp. 6-30. ISSN 0822-7942 (Print), 1752-2366 (Online) (doi:10.3167/np.2010.140102)

fuel

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

Tariq, A.S., Reupke, P. and Sarwar, G. (1994) Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation. Biomass Combustion Systems (2). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-385-4

furnace exchanger

Hollingdale, A. C. and Lipscombe, R. J. (1992) Report on a visit to Sri Lanka to evaluate performance of traditional furnace/heat exchanger systems used in the tea industry: 10 to 29 November 1992. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

future

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

gasification

Hollingdale, A.C., Breag, G.R. and Pearce, D. (1988) Producer gas fuelling of a 20kW output engine by gasification of solid biomass (ODNRI Bulletin No. 17). [Working Paper]

gemstone

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

gender

Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Posthumus, Helena (2015) Cassava market development: a path to women’s empowerment or business as usual? Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 11-27. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.003)

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Gender and drylands governance: Empowering women for change. UNDP, UNCCD, Greenwich.

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Quan, Julian, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Strengthening dryland women's land rights: local contexts, global change. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

Forsythe, Lora, Nyamanda, Mala, Mbachi Mwangwela, Agnes and Bennett, Ben (2015) Beliefs, taboos and minor crop value chains: the case of Bambara Groundnut in Malawi. Food, Culture and Society, 18 (3). pp. 501-517. ISSN 1552-8014 (Print), 1751-7443 (Online) (doi:10.1080/15528014.2015.1043112)

Forsythe, Lora, Posthumus, Helena and Martin, Adrienne (2016) A crop of one's own? Women’s experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1 (2):2. pp. 110-128. ISSN 2413-922X (Online)

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Ifeanyi-obi, C.C., Togun, A.O., Lamboll, R. and Arokoyu, S. (2017) Socio-economic determinants of cocoyam farmer’s strategies for climate change adaptation in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 21 (2). pp. 91-104. ISSN 1119-944X (Print), 2408-6851 (Online) (doi:10.4314/jae.v21i2.8)

Meadows, Kate and Sutherland, Alistair (2000) Addressing gender in renewable natural resources knowledge strategies. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research best practice guides . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Najjingo Mangheni, Margaret, Ekirikubinza-Tibatemwa, Lillian and Forsythe, Lora (2010) Gender issues in agricultural education within African universities. Discussion Paper. Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), Kampala, Uganda.

Nelson, Valerie, Forsythe, Lora and Morton, John (2015) Synthesis of thematic papers from the series ‘Women’s empowerment in the drylands. UNCCD and UNDP, Greenwich.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Achieving dryland women's empowerment: environmental resilience and social transformation. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick and Martin, Adrienne (2007) The dynamics of social capital and conflict management in multiple resource regimes: a case of the Southwestern Highlands of Uganda. Ecology and Society, 12 (1). ISSN 1708-3087

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

Smith, David Rider (2001) Gender and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

Stickings, Jeremy, Goodland, Andrew D., Janowski, Monica and Chinemana, Frances (1999) Agricultural sector investment programmes - Experience in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (3) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545091

geographical distribution

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

geographical information systems

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Georgia

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

Ghana

Abraham, Ernest and Martin, Adrienne (2016) Understanding households’ livelihood choices, wealth, and poverty in Accra, Ghana. Development in Practice, 26 (3). pp. 387-402. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614524.2016.1150417)

Abraham, Ernest Mensah, Martin, Adrienne, Cofie, Olufunke and Raschid-Sally, Liqa (2016) Perceptions, attitudes and behaviours toward urban surface water quality in Accra, Ghana. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 27 (5). pp. 491-506. ISSN 1477-7835 (doi:10.1108/MEQ-07-2015-0122)

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ubink, Janine M. and Quan, Julian F. (2008) How to combine tradition and modernity? Regulating customary land management in Ghana. Land Use Policy, 25 (2). pp. 198-213. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.06.002)

GIS

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Global Land Indicators

Kumar, Ravinder and Quan, Julian (2016) Global Land Indicator Initiative: Sourcebook for Operationalisation of Global Land Indicators. [Working Paper]

Global Land Indicators Initiative

Quan, J. (2017) Conceptual framework for the development of global land indicators. [Working Paper]

Quan, J. and Kumar, R. (2017) Proposed Global Land Indicators: Status report on GLII indicator formulation, disaggregation, data source and methodology. [Working Paper]

global value chain

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

global warming

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

GlobalGAP

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

globalisation

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

goat

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

governance

Boyd, Emily, Grist, Natasha, Juhola, Sirkku and Nelson, Valerie (2009) Exploring development futures in a changing climate: frontiers for development policy and practice. Development Policy Review, 27 (6). pp. 659-674. ISSN 0950-6764 (Print), 1467-7679 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00464.x)

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Gender and drylands governance: Empowering women for change. UNDP, UNCCD, Greenwich.

Morton, John F. (2010) Why should governmentality matter for the study of pastoral development? Nomadic Peoples, 14 (1). pp. 6-30. ISSN 0822-7942 (Print), 1752-2366 (Online) (doi:10.3167/np.2010.140102)

Nelson, Valerie and Tallontire, Anne (2014) Battlefields of ideas: changing narratives and power dynamics in private standards in global agricultural value chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (3). pp. 481-497. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9512-8)

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Angus, Andrew and Graves, Anil (2009) Land valuation and decision making. Report of Proceedings of Foresight Land Use Futures and RELU Workshop. Technical Report. Cranfield University.

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie, Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2009) Beyond the vertical? Using value chains and governance as a framework to analyse private standards initiatives in agri-food chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 28 (3). pp. 427-441. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-009-9237-2)

Governance crisis

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

Government

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

governmentality

Morton, John F. (2010) Why should governmentality matter for the study of pastoral development? Nomadic Peoples, 14 (1). pp. 6-30. ISSN 0822-7942 (Print), 1752-2366 (Online) (doi:10.3167/np.2010.140102)

grain

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Grain legumes

Hillocks, Rory, Kumar, Ravinder, Martin, Adrienne, Robinson, Jonathan, Rothschild, George and Thangata, Paul (2016) CRP Commissioned External Evaluation of the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals. Independent Evaluation Arranagement of the CGIAR.

grain storage

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

groundnut

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

groundnuts

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Groundwater

Katic, Pamela Giselle (2014) Groundwater spatial dynamics and endogenous well location. Water Resources Management, 29 (1). pp. 181-196. ISSN 0920-4741 (Print), 1573-1650 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11269-014-0834-5)

Guinea

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

habitat conservation

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

handling

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

Harare

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Health

Morton, John and Kerven, C (2013) Livelihoods and basic service support in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Technical Report. International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

heat balance equation

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

heat exchanger

Hollingdale, A. C. and Lipscombe, R. J. (1992) Report on a visit to Sri Lanka to evaluate performance of traditional furnace/heat exchanger systems used in the tea industry: 10 to 29 November 1992. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

hides

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

High quality cassava flour

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

High reliability system

López-i-Gelats, Feliu, Fraser, Evan D.G., Morton, John F. and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2016) What drives the vulnerability of pastoralists to global environmental change? A qualitative meta-analysis. Global Environmental Change, 39. pp. 258-274. ISSN 0959-3780 (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.011)

higher education

Najjingo Mangheni, Margaret, Ekirikubinza-Tibatemwa, Lillian and Forsythe, Lora (2010) Gender issues in agricultural education within African universities. Discussion Paper. Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), Kampala, Uganda.

highlands

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick and Martin, Adrienne (2007) The dynamics of social capital and conflict management in multiple resource regimes: a case of the Southwestern Highlands of Uganda. Ecology and Society, 12 (1). ISSN 1708-3087

History

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

HIV

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

HIV/AIDS

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

Horn of Africa

Morton, John and Kerven, C (2013) Livelihoods and basic service support in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Technical Report. International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

horticulture

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

human health

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

human resources

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

human rights

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

hydrocyclone

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

IAASTD

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

identification

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

Ihala Bopae

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Illukgoda

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

impact

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

Nelson, Valerie (ed.) (2017) Fairtrade Impacts: Lessons from around the world. Fairtrade Impacts. Practical Action Publishing, Hampshire, UK. ISBN 978-1853399077 (doi:10.3362/9781780449067)

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

impact assessment

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Exploring issues of rigour and utility in Fairtrade impact assessment. Food Chain, 4 (1). pp. 14-33. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2014.003)

Rejesus, Roderick M., Martin, Adrienne M. and Gypmantasiri, Phrek (2014) Enhancing the impact of natural resource management research: Lessons from a meta-impact assessment of the Irrigated Rice Research Consortium. Global Food Security, 3 (1). pp. 41-48. ISSN 2211-9124 (Print), 2211-9124 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.gfs.2013.11.001)

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

Impact evaluation in international development

Raghunathan, N., Mankad, Siddhi and Kumar, Ravinder (2014) Impact evaluations: Ways to get it right—Tips for achieving impactful impact evaluations. In: Hay, Katherine Eve and Kumar-Range, Shubh, (eds.) Making Evaluation Matter: Writings from South Asia. Sage Publishing. ISBN 9789351500278 ISSN 978-9351500278 (Print), 978-9351501480 (Online)

Impact pathway

Rejesus, Roderick M., Martin, Adrienne M. and Gypmantasiri, Phrek (2014) Enhancing the impact of natural resource management research: Lessons from a meta-impact assessment of the Irrigated Rice Research Consortium. Global Food Security, 3 (1). pp. 41-48. ISSN 2211-9124 (Print), 2211-9124 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.gfs.2013.11.001)

impacts

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

implications

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

import

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Inclusive value chains

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

income

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

Income generating activities

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

income generation

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

India

Adolph, Barbara (2005) Learning how to do things differently: challenges in sharing tacit knowledge for agricultural and rural development (with examples from India and Namibia). In: Proceedings of the symposium on Learning Alliances for scaling up innovative approaches in the water and sanitation sector held in Delft, the Netherlands, 7-9 June 2005. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 1-10.

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kumar, R., Nelson, V., Martin, A., Badal, D., Latheef, A., Suresh Reddy, B., Narayanan, L., Young, S. and Hartog, M. (2016) Evaluation of the early impacts of the better cotton initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, India: Baseline report. ISEAL Alliance, London.

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Indicators

Quan, J. (2017) Conceptual framework for the development of global land indicators. [Working Paper]

indigenous

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

indigenous knowledge

Warburton, H. and Martin, A. (1999) Local people's knowledge in natural resources research. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Indonesia

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

industrial

Flynn, G. and Hawkes, A. J. (1980) An industrial profile of wood wool/cement slab manufacture. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541193

inequality

Meadows, Kate and Sutherland, Alistair (2000) Addressing gender in renewable natural resources knowledge strategies. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research best practice guides . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

initiatives

Nelson, V., Maynard, B., Blowfield, M., Burchell, R., Collinson, C., Tallontire, A. and Thornback, J. (2001) Ethical trade, people and forests (A manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

innovation

Butterworth, J.A., Batchelor, C., Moriarty, P., Schouten, T., Da Silva, C., Verhagen, J., Bury, P.J., Sutherland, A., Manning, N., Darteh, B., Dziegielewska-Geitz, M. and Eckart, J. (2009) Building more effective partnerships for innovation in urban water management. In: Water and Urban Development Paradigms: Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches. CRC Press / Taylor & Francis, London. UK, pp. 557-565. ISBN 9780415483346 (print), 9780203884102 (electronic) (doi:10.1201/9780203884102.fmatt)

Conroy, Martin (Czech) (2009) Use and institutionalisation of process innovations: participatory crop improvement processes in India and Nepal. In: Innovation Asia-Pacific Symposium, 4-7 May 2009, Kathmandu, Nepal.

innovation partnerships

Pound, Barry, Massawe, Kasindei and Fazl, Fazluddin (2007) Innovation partnerships for effective adaptive research and technology uptake. In: The International Workshop on Enhancing Agricultural Innovation Systems, March 22-23 2007, Washington. (Unpublished)

innovation platforms

Posthumus, H., Pound, B., Andrieu, N. and Triomphe, B. (2011) Enhancing adoption of conservation agriculture practices through co-innovation platforms in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 Sep 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

innovation systems

Pound, Barry, Massawe, Kasindei and Fazl, Fazluddin (2007) Innovation partnerships for effective adaptive research and technology uptake. In: The International Workshop on Enhancing Agricultural Innovation Systems, March 22-23 2007, Washington. (Unpublished)

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Corbeels, M., van Halsema, G.E., Lahmar, R., Lugandu, S., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R., Naudin, K., Triomphe, B. and Mkomwa, S. (2012) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): Targeting innovations to combat soil degradation and food insecurity in semi-arid Africa. Field Crops Research, 132. pp. 168-174. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2011.12.011)

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., van Halsema, G.E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Lahmar, R., Corbeels, M., Apina, T., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R. and Mkomwa, S. (2011) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): targeting resource-limited and degraded environments of semi-arid Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 September 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

Institute of Natural Resources

Martin, Adrienne and Pound, Barry (1998) Report on a visit to South Africa to facilitate a participatory workshop for an urban agriculture project in Sobantu Village, KwaZulu-Natal, as part of the DfID funded project: "Support to the Institute of Natural Resources for institutional development in South Africa". [Working Paper]

institutional barriers

Scrieciu, S. Şerban, Barker, Terry and Ackerman, Frank (2011) Pushing the boundaries of climate economics: Critical issues to consider in climate policy analysis. Ecological Economics, 85. pp. 155-165. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.10.016)

institutional capacity

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

institutional development

Martin, Adrienne and Pound, Barry (1998) Report on a visit to South Africa to facilitate a participatory workshop for an urban agriculture project in Sobantu Village, KwaZulu-Natal, as part of the DfID funded project: "Support to the Institute of Natural Resources for institutional development in South Africa". [Working Paper]

institutionalisation

Conroy, Martin (Czech) (2009) Use and institutionalisation of process innovations: participatory crop improvement processes in India and Nepal. In: Innovation Asia-Pacific Symposium, 4-7 May 2009, Kathmandu, Nepal.

institutions

Morton, John F. (2008) Morality and institutions: an exploration. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

Stringfellow, R. (1996) An investigation of the organisational features, commodities and situations associated with contract farming and outgrower schemes in Sub Saharan Africa and of the factors which are critical to their successful operation. [Working Paper]

insurance

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Meijerink, Gerdien, Onumah, Gideon and Posthumus, Helena (2011) Innovations in risk insurance models. Discussion Paper. Agrinatura / ESFIM, Paris, France.

Integrated development

Kanyama-Phiri, George, Wellard, Kate and Snapp, Sieglinde (2017) Introduction. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00001-3)

inter-relationships

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

intercropping

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

international agriculture research in semi-arid areas

Hillocks, Rory, Kumar, Ravinder, Martin, Adrienne, Robinson, Jonathan, Rothschild, George and Thangata, Paul (2016) CRP Commissioned External Evaluation of the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals. Independent Evaluation Arranagement of the CGIAR.

international cooperation

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

international development

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

international economics

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

intervention

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

investment

Coote, Claire, Giller, Ken, Sutherland, Alastair, Mughogho, Spider, Benson, Todd, Oudwater, Nicoleine and Coulter, John (1998) Soil fertility in Malawi. A review of policies, productivity and perceptions. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

investment programmes

Stickings, Jeremy, Goodland, Andrew D., Janowski, Monica and Chinemana, Frances (1999) Agricultural sector investment programmes - Experience in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (3) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545091

Ipomoea batatas

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

Iringa Rural District

Kassian, Lucy, Tenywa, Moses, Liwenga, Emma T., Wellard Dyer, Kate and Bamutaze, Yazidhi (2016) Implication of climate change and variability on stream flow in Iringa region, Tanzania. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 8 (2). pp. 336-347. ISSN 2040-2244 (doi:10.2166/wcc.2016.238)

irish potato

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Irrigation

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Irrigation technologies

Katic, Pamela and Morris, Joanne (2016) Targeting investments in small-scale groundwater irrigation using Bayesian networks for a data-scarce river basin in Sub-Saharan Africa. Environmental Modelling and Software, 82. pp. 44-72. ISSN 1364-8152 (doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.04.004)

ISEAL Alliance

Kumar, R., Nelson, V., Martin, A., Badal, D., Latheef, A., Suresh Reddy, B., Narayanan, L., Young, S. and Hartog, M. (2016) Evaluation of the early impacts of the better cotton initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, India: Baseline report. ISEAL Alliance, London.

Ishtirak project

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

issues

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

jewellery

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

jewellery manufacture

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kampala

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kenya

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

Morton, John, Livingstone, John K. and Mussa, Mohammed (2007) Legislators and livestock: pastoralist parliamentary groups in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Gatekeeper Series, 131 . International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, pp. 1-25. ISBN (ISSN) 1357-9258 ISSN 1357-9258

Nelson, Valerie and Tallontire, Anne (2014) Battlefields of ideas: changing narratives and power dynamics in private standards in global agricultural value chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (3). pp. 481-497. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9512-8)

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie, Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2009) Beyond the vertical? Using value chains and governance as a framework to analyse private standards initiatives in agri-food chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 28 (3). pp. 427-441. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-009-9237-2)

Kumi

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

labelling

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Labour

Abraham, Ernest and Martin, Adrienne (2016) Understanding households’ livelihood choices, wealth, and poverty in Accra, Ghana. Development in Practice, 26 (3). pp. 387-402. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614524.2016.1150417)

labour division

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Lake Malawi

Patterson, G., Wooster, M.J. and Sear, C.B. (1995) Real-time monitoring of African aquatic resources using remote sensing with special reference to Lake Malawi. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Lake Victoria

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Land

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Quan, Julian, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Strengthening dryland women's land rights: local contexts, global change. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

Land administration

Koechlin, Lucy, Quan, Julian and Mulukutla, Hari (2016) LEGEND Analytical Paper 1: Tackling corruption in land governance. [Working Paper]

Ubink, Janine M. and Quan, Julian F. (2008) How to combine tradition and modernity? Regulating customary land management in Ghana. Land Use Policy, 25 (2). pp. 198-213. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.06.002)

Land and Poverty

Kumar, Ravinder and Quan, Julian (2016) Global Land Indicator Initiative: Sourcebook for Operationalisation of Global Land Indicators. [Working Paper]

Land encroachment

López-i-Gelats, Feliu, Fraser, Evan D.G., Morton, John F. and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2016) What drives the vulnerability of pastoralists to global environmental change? A qualitative meta-analysis. Global Environmental Change, 39. pp. 258-274. ISSN 0959-3780 (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.011)

Land Governance

Koechlin, Lucy, Quan, Julian and Mulukutla, Hari (2016) LEGEND Analytical Paper 1: Tackling corruption in land governance. [Working Paper]

Kumar, Ravinder and Quan, Julian (2016) Global Land Indicator Initiative: Sourcebook for Operationalisation of Global Land Indicators. [Working Paper]

Quan, J. (2017) Conceptual framework for the development of global land indicators. [Working Paper]

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

Land Indicators

Quan, J. and Kumar, R. (2017) Proposed Global Land Indicators: Status report on GLII indicator formulation, disaggregation, data source and methodology. [Working Paper]

land management

Posthumus, Helena and Morris, Joe (2010) Implications of CAP-reform for land management and runoff control in England and Wales. Land Use Policy, 27 (1). pp. 42-50. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.06.002)

Quan, Julian, Ubink, Janine and Antwi, Adarkwah (2008) Risks and opportunities of state intervention in customary land management: Emergent findings from the Land Administration Project Ghana. In: Ubink, Janine M. and Amanor, Kojo S., (eds.) Contesting land and custom in Ghana: State, Chief and the Citizen. Law, Governance and Development . Leiden University Press, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 183-208. ISBN 9087280475

Land Monitoring

Kumar, Ravinder and Quan, Julian (2016) Global Land Indicator Initiative: Sourcebook for Operationalisation of Global Land Indicators. [Working Paper]

Quan, J. and Kumar, R. (2017) Proposed Global Land Indicators: Status report on GLII indicator formulation, disaggregation, data source and methodology. [Working Paper]

land policy

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

land reform

Quan, Julian (2008) Land reform and rural territories: Experiences from Brazil and South Africa. [Working Paper]

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

Ubink, Janine M. and Quan, Julian F. (2008) How to combine tradition and modernity? Regulating customary land management in Ghana. Land Use Policy, 25 (2). pp. 198-213. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.06.002)

land resource assessment

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

land rights

Forsythe, Lora and Wellard, Kate (2014) Executive summary of final evaluation: ActionAid women’s right to land. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Quan, Julian and Payne, Geoffrey (2008) Secure land rights for all. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-HABITAT,, Nairobi. ISBN 978-92-1-131961-3

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

Ubink, Janine M. and Quan, Julian F. (2008) How to combine tradition and modernity? Regulating customary land management in Ghana. Land Use Policy, 25 (2). pp. 198-213. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.06.002)

land suitability

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

land tenure

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Quan, Julian and Payne, Geoffrey (2008) Secure land rights for all. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-HABITAT,, Nairobi. ISBN 978-92-1-131961-3

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

Land tenure security

Quan, J. (2017) Conceptual framework for the development of global land indicators. [Working Paper]

land use

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Morris, J., Hess, T.M., Dawson, Q.L. and Gowing, D.J.G. (2011) Synergies and trade-offs in the management of lowland rural floodplains: an ecosystem services approach / Synergies et arbitrages dans la gestion des plaines d'inondation rurales: une approche écosystémique des services. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56 (8). pp. 1566-1581. ISSN 0262-6667 (Print), 2150-3435 (Online) (doi:10.1080/02626667.2011.629785)

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

land valuation

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Angus, Andrew and Graves, Anil (2009) Land valuation and decision making. Report of Proceedings of Foresight Land Use Futures and RELU Workshop. Technical Report. Cranfield University.

landmine

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

landmine impact scores

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

landscape

Nelson, Valerie and Phillips, David (2018) Sector, landscape or rural transformations? Exploring the limits and potential of agricultural sustainability initiatives through a cocoa case study. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 0964-4733 (Print), 1099-0836 (Online) (doi:10.1002/bse.2014)

Latin America

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

laying hens

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

learning

Franceschelli, Michela, Casebourne, Joe, Forsythe, Lora and Bivand, Paul (2008) The impact of learning on employability. Technical Report. Learning and Skills Council, Coventry, UK.

learning alliances

Adolph, Barbara (2005) Learning how to do things differently: challenges in sharing tacit knowledge for agricultural and rural development (with examples from India and Namibia). In: Proceedings of the symposium on Learning Alliances for scaling up innovative approaches in the water and sanitation sector held in Delft, the Netherlands, 7-9 June 2005. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 1-10.

leather

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

legislation

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

liberalisation

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

liberalization

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

light-intensity

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

linkages

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Pearce, Douglas and Helms, Brigit (2000) Financial services associations: The story so far. Consultative group to assist the poorest. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

livelihood

Bleahu, Ana and Janowski, Monica (2002) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania: A report on qualitative fieldwork in two communities. [Working Paper]

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Meadows, Kate and Sutherland, Alistair (2000) Addressing gender in renewable natural resources knowledge strategies. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research best practice guides . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Livelihood diversification

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

livelihood security

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

livelihood strategies

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Livelihoods

Abraham, Ernest and Martin, Adrienne (2016) Understanding households’ livelihood choices, wealth, and poverty in Accra, Ghana. Development in Practice, 26 (3). pp. 387-402. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614524.2016.1150417)

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Goodwin, Harold, Spenceley, Anna and Maynard, Bill (2002) Development of responsible tourism guidelines for South Africa (Final report). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

Morton, John and Kerven, C (2013) Livelihoods and basic service support in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Technical Report. International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Morton, John F. (2007) The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistence agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (50). pp. 19680-19685. ISSN 0027-8424 (doi:10.1073/pnas.0701855104)

Nelson, Valerie (2000) Zambia feeder roads research project rural transport policy toolkit: Livelihoods profile for North and Luapula provinces. [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Ewert, Joachim (2007) The impacts of codes of practice on worker livelihoods: empirical evidence from the South African wine and Kenyan cut flower industries. Journal of Corporate Citizenship (28). pp. 61-72. ISSN 1470-5001

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smith, David Rider (2001) Gender and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda. [Working Paper]

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

livelihoods analysis

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Livelihoods Climate variability Adaptation Multi-scale Food security Sub-Saharan Africa

Antwi-Agyei, Philip, Quinn, Claire Helen, Adiku, Samuel Godfried Kwasi, Codjoe, Samuel Nii Ardey, Dougill, Andrew John, Lamboll, Richard and Dovie, Delali Benjamin Komla (2016) Perceived stressors of climate vulnerability across scales in the Savannah zone of Ghana: a participatory approach. Regional Environmental Change, 17 (1). pp. 213-227. ISSN 1436-3798 (Print), 1436-378X (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10113-016-0993-4)

livestock

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

McLeod, Anni, Ajmone Marsan, Paolo, Dunham, Rex, Fitzpatrick, Julie, Morton, John, Udén, Peter and von Sury, Felix (2016) Evaluation of the CGIAR research program on livestock and fish. Technical Report. Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) of the CGIAR, Rome, Italy.

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

Morton, John (2013) Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) Climate Change Briefing Paper. Discussion Paper. Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Morton, John F. (2012) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: Helping, teaching but not learning? In: Catley, Andy, Lind, Jeremy and Scoones, Ian, (eds.) Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins. Pathways to Sustainability . Routledge, Abingdon, UK, pp. 108-118. ISBN 9780415540711

Rivera-Ferre, M. G., López-i-Gelats, F., Howden, M., Smith, P., Morton, J. F. and Herrero, M. (2016) Re-framing the climate change debate in the livestock sector: mitigation and adaptation options. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 7 (6). pp. 869-892. ISSN 1757-7780 (Print), 1757-7799 (Online) (doi:10.1002/wcc.421)

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

livestock export

Morton, John F. (2011) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: acting, teaching but not learning? In: International Conference on the Future of Pastoralism, 21-23 Mar 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (Unpublished)

livestock feed

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

livestock products

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

Livestock research

McLeod, Anni, Ajmone Marsan, Paolo, Dunham, Rex, Fitzpatrick, Julie, Morton, John, Udén, Peter and von Sury, Felix (2016) Evaluation of the CGIAR research program on livestock and fish. Technical Report. Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) of the CGIAR, Rome, Italy.

local economic development

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

local governance

Dasgupta, Nandini, Clark, David and Cannon, Terry (2001) Literature survey: Rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and local governance. [Working Paper]

local knowledge

Forsythe, Lora, Nyamanda, Mala, Mbachi Mwangwela, Agnes and Bennett, Ben (2015) Beliefs, taboos and minor crop value chains: the case of Bambara Groundnut in Malawi. Food, Culture and Society, 18 (3). pp. 501-517. ISSN 1552-8014 (Print), 1751-7443 (Online) (doi:10.1080/15528014.2015.1043112)

Warburton, H. and Martin, A. (1999) Local people's knowledge in natural resources research. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

logging

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

low-pressure air injector

Tariq, A.S. and Lipscombe, R.J. (1992) Application of air injectors to biomass combustion systems. Conveyance of rice husks and other particulate biomass materials (NRI Bulletin 52). [Working Paper]

Luapula

Nelson, Valerie (2000) Zambia feeder roads research project rural transport policy toolkit: Livelihoods profile for North and Luapula provinces. [Working Paper]

maize

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Malawi

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Coote, Claire, Giller, Ken, Sutherland, Alastair, Mughogho, Spider, Benson, Todd, Oudwater, Nicoleine and Coulter, John (1998) Soil fertility in Malawi. A review of policies, productivity and perceptions. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Mali

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Dougnon, Isaïe, Sanogo, Siaka, Coulibaly, Bakary, Diamoutene, Abdoul Karim and Morton, John F. (2010) "Leaving farmers as orphans": agricultural privatisation and reform of farmer organisations in Mali. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

mango

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

manufacture

Flynn, G. and Hawkes, A. J. (1980) An industrial profile of wood wool/cement slab manufacture. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541193

Flynn, G. and Hawkes, A. J. (1980) An industrial profile of wood wool/cement slab manufacture. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541193

mapping

Anderson, I. P., Brinn, P. J., Moyo, M. and Nyamwanza, B. (1993) Physical resource inventory of the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe - An overview (NRI Bulletin 60). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543404 ISSN 0952-8245

marginalisation

Morton, John and Meadows, Nicholas (2000) Pastoralism and sustainable livelihoods: An emerging agenda. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (11) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545253

mariculture

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

marine

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

marine ecosystems

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

market

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, A. (1997) Domestic markets for non-timber tree products: Methodological and strategical issues. NRI Socio-economic Series, 14 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544915

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

market chain

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

marketing

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kaira, Charles K., Kleih, Ulrich K., Benmaamar, Mustapha, Kwamusi, Paul and Iga, Harriet (2002) Kick-start workshop on improved food crops marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

markets

Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Posthumus, Helena (2015) Cassava market development: a path to women’s empowerment or business as usual? Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 11-27. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.003)

Forsythe, Lora, Posthumus, Helena and Martin, Adrienne (2016) A crop of one's own? Women’s experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1 (2):2. pp. 110-128. ISSN 2413-922X (Online)

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

methodology

Gilling, J. and Cropley, J. P. (1993) Needs assessment for agricultural development: Practical issues in informal data collection. NRI Socio-economic Series, 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543366

Grimble, Robin (1998) Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Marsland, N., Wilson, I. M., Abeyasekera, S., Kleih, U., Lawson-McDowall, J., Burn, R. W., Golob, P., Barahona, C. E., Henderson, S., Conroy, C., Jeffries, D., Warburton, H., Oppong-Nkrumah, K. and Fredua Antoh, E. (2001) Combining quantitative and qualitative survey work. Methodological framework, practical issues, and case studies. Manual. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

methods

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

micro-enterprise

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

milk

Morton, John F. (2011) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: acting, teaching but not learning? In: International Conference on the Future of Pastoralism, 21-23 Mar 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (Unpublished)

mine-affected communities

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

mining

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

minor crop

Forsythe, Lora, Nyamanda, Mala, Mbachi Mwangwela, Agnes and Bennett, Ben (2015) Beliefs, taboos and minor crop value chains: the case of Bambara Groundnut in Malawi. Food, Culture and Society, 18 (3). pp. 501-517. ISSN 1552-8014 (Print), 1751-7443 (Online) (doi:10.1080/15528014.2015.1043112)

mitigation

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Boyd, Emily, Grist, Natasha, Juhola, Sirkku and Nelson, Valerie (2009) Exploring development futures in a changing climate: frontiers for development policy and practice. Development Policy Review, 27 (6). pp. 659-674. ISSN 0950-6764 (Print), 1467-7679 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00464.x)

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Lamboll, Richard, Stathers, Tanya and Morton, John (2017) Climate change and agricultural systems. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 441-490. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00013-X)

Rivera-Ferre, M. G., López-i-Gelats, F., Howden, M., Smith, P., Morton, J. F. and Herrero, M. (2016) Re-framing the climate change debate in the livestock sector: mitigation and adaptation options. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 7 (6). pp. 869-892. ISSN 1757-7780 (Print), 1757-7799 (Online) (doi:10.1002/wcc.421)

mobile pastoralists

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

model

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

modelling

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Corbeels, M., van Halsema, G.E., Lahmar, R., Lugandu, S., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R., Naudin, K., Triomphe, B. and Mkomwa, S. (2012) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): Targeting innovations to combat soil degradation and food insecurity in semi-arid Africa. Field Crops Research, 132. pp. 168-174. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2011.12.011)

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., van Halsema, G.E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Lahmar, R., Corbeels, M., Apina, T., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R. and Mkomwa, S. (2011) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): targeting resource-limited and degraded environments of semi-arid Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 September 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

Monitoring

Kumar, Ravinder and Martin, Adrienne (2017) Conceputalising, achieving and measuring impact. In: Resilient Small-scale Fisheries Symposium. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2017, pp. 27-28. ISBN 978-1925746075 ISSN 978-1925746082 (Online)

Quan, J. (2017) Conceptual framework for the development of global land indicators. [Working Paper]

monitoring and evaluation

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

Mount Cameroon

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Mozambique

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

multi-dimensional valuation

Scrieciu, S. Şerban, Barker, Terry and Ackerman, Frank (2011) Pushing the boundaries of climate economics: Critical issues to consider in climate policy analysis. Ecological Economics, 85. pp. 155-165. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.10.016)

multi-stakeholder initiatives

Nelson, Valerie and Tallontire, Anne (2014) Battlefields of ideas: changing narratives and power dynamics in private standards in global agricultural value chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (3). pp. 481-497. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9512-8)

Mymensingh

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

Nam Dam

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nambia

Quan, Julian, Barton, David and Conroy, Czech (1994) A preliminary assessment of the economic impact of desertification in Nambia. [Working Paper]

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Namibia

Adolph, Barbara (2005) Learning how to do things differently: challenges in sharing tacit knowledge for agricultural and rural development (with examples from India and Namibia). In: Proceedings of the symposium on Learning Alliances for scaling up innovative approaches in the water and sanitation sector held in Delft, the Netherlands, 7-9 June 2005. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 1-10.

natural resource management

Grimble, Robin (1998) Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

Rejesus, Roderick M., Martin, Adrienne M. and Gypmantasiri, Phrek (2014) Enhancing the impact of natural resource management research: Lessons from a meta-impact assessment of the Irrigated Rice Research Consortium. Global Food Security, 3 (1). pp. 41-48. ISSN 2211-9124 (Print), 2211-9124 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.gfs.2013.11.001)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne and Muzira, Robert (2008) Tracking outcomes of social and institutional innovations in natural resource management. In: Sanginga, Pascal C., Waters-Bayer, Ann, Kaaria, Susan, Njuki, Jemimah and Wettasinha, Chesha, (eds.) Innovation Africa: enriching farmers' livelihoods. Earthscan Ltd, London, UK, pp. 220-238. ISBN 978-1-84407-671-0 (hbk), 978-1-84407-672-7 (pbk)

natural resources

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Sutherland, Alistair (1998) Participatory research in natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

natural resources management

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick and Martin, Adrienne (2007) The dynamics of social capital and conflict management in multiple resource regimes: a case of the Southwestern Highlands of Uganda. Ecology and Society, 12 (1). ISSN 1708-3087

natural resources management (NRM)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

natural resources research

Warburton, H. and Martin, A. (1999) Local people's knowledge in natural resources research. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

need assessment

Gilling, J. and Cropley, J. P. (1993) Needs assessment for agricultural development: Practical issues in informal data collection. NRI Socio-economic Series, 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543366

new approaches to climate economics

Scrieciu, S. Şerban, Barker, Terry and Ackerman, Frank (2011) Pushing the boundaries of climate economics: Critical issues to consider in climate policy analysis. Ecological Economics, 85. pp. 155-165. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.10.016)

Nexus

Grafton, R. Quentin, McLindin, Mahala, Hussey, Karen, Wyrwoll, Paul, Wichelns, Dennis, Ringler, Claudia, Garrick, Dustin, Pittock, Jamie, Wheeler, Sarah, Orr, Stuart, Matthews, Nathanial, Ansink, Erik, Aureli, Alice, Connell, Daniel, De Stefano, Lucia, Dowsley, Kate, Farolfi, Stefano, Hall, Jim, Katic, Pamela, Lankford, Bruce, Leckie, Hannah, McCartney, Matthew, Pohlner, Huw, Ratna, Nazmun, Rubarenzya, Mark Henry, Sai Raman, Shriman Narayan, Wheeler, Kevin and Williams, John (2016) Responding to global challenges in food, energy, environment and water: Risks and options assessment for decision-Making. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 3 (2). pp. 275-299. ISSN 2050-2680 (Print), 2050-2680 (Online) (doi:10.1002/app5.128)

Nghe An

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nghi Loc

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

NGOs

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

Nigeria

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren and Morton, John F. (2016) Comparing smallholder farmers' perception of climate change with meteorological data: A case study from southwestern Nigeria. Weather and Climate Extremes, 15. pp. 24-33. ISSN 2212-0947 (Print), 2212-0947 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.wace.2016.12.001)

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

non-farm

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Bleahu, Ana and Janowski, Monica (2002) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania: A report on qualitative fieldwork in two communities. [Working Paper]

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

Dasgupta, Nandini, Clark, David and Cannon, Terry (2001) Literature survey: Rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and local governance. [Working Paper]

Gordon, Ann (1999) Non-farm rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (4) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545113

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smith, David Rider (2001) Gender and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

non-timber

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

non-timber forestry products

Gordon, A. (1997) Domestic markets for non-timber tree products: Methodological and strategical issues. NRI Socio-economic Series, 14 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544915

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

Norms

Forsythe, Lora, Posthumus, Helena and Martin, Adrienne (2016) A crop of one's own? Women’s experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1 (2):2. pp. 110-128. ISSN 2413-922X (Online)

North Zambia

Nelson, Valerie (2000) Zambia feeder roads research project rural transport policy toolkit: Livelihoods profile for North and Luapula provinces. [Working Paper]

Northern Belize

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

NRM

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

Office du Niger

Dougnon, Isaïe, Sanogo, Siaka, Coulibaly, Bakary, Diamoutene, Abdoul Karim and Morton, John F. (2010) "Leaving farmers as orphans": agricultural privatisation and reform of farmer organisations in Mali. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

oil palm

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

oil-seed

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

onion

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

operational approach

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Optimal location

Katic, Pamela Giselle (2014) Groundwater spatial dynamics and endogenous well location. Water Resources Management, 29 (1). pp. 181-196. ISSN 0920-4741 (Print), 1573-1650 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11269-014-0834-5)

Orange Walk

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

organic

Blowfield, Michael, Gallat, Stephanie, Malins, Annabelle, Maynard, Bill, Nelson, Valerie and Robinson, Dawn (1999) Ethical trade and sustainable rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-503-2

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

Oum Hadjer

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

outcomes

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

outgrower scheme

Stringfellow, Rachel (1996) Smallholder outgrower schemes in Zambia. [Working Paper]

outgrower schemes

Stringfellow, R. (1996) An investigation of the organisational features, commodities and situations associated with contract farming and outgrower schemes in Sub Saharan Africa and of the factors which are critical to their successful operation. [Working Paper]

Outscaling

Katic, Pamela and Morris, Joanne (2016) Targeting investments in small-scale groundwater irrigation using Bayesian networks for a data-scarce river basin in Sub-Saharan Africa. Environmental Modelling and Software, 82. pp. 44-72. ISSN 1364-8152 (doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.04.004)

OXFAM

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

Pabna

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

pad-batch dyeing

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. (1977) Pad-batch dyeing of plant fibres. Rural Technology Guide (2) . Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540669

paddy

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

participation

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

participatory

Conroy, Martin (Czech) (2009) Use and institutionalisation of process innovations: participatory crop improvement processes in India and Nepal. In: Innovation Asia-Pacific Symposium, 4-7 May 2009, Kathmandu, Nepal.

participatory action research

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

participatory approaches

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

participatory bylaw reform process

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

participatory monitoring and evaluation

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

participatory plant breeding

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

participatory policy learning and action research (PLAR)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

participatory research

Martin, Adrienne (2009) So what difference does it make? Assessing the outcomes and impacts of farmer participatory research. In: Scoones, Ian and Thompson, John, (eds.) Farmer first revisited: farmer-led innovation for agricultural research and development. Practical Action Publishing Ltd., Rugby, UK, pp. 276-281. ISBN 978-1-85339-682-3 (pbk)

Sutherland, Alistair (1998) Participatory research in natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Sutherland, Alistair, Martin, Adrienne and Rider Smith, David (2001) Dimensions of participation. Experiences, lessons and tips from agricultural research practitioners in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545393

participatory rural appraisal

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

particle board

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

particulate biomass

Tariq, A.S. and Lipscombe, R.J. (1992) Application of air injectors to biomass combustion systems. Conveyance of rice husks and other particulate biomass materials (NRI Bulletin 52). [Working Paper]

particulate forestry

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

partnerships

Butterworth, J.A., Batchelor, C., Moriarty, P., Schouten, T., Da Silva, C., Verhagen, J., Bury, P.J., Sutherland, A., Manning, N., Darteh, B., Dziegielewska-Geitz, M. and Eckart, J. (2009) Building more effective partnerships for innovation in urban water management. In: Water and Urban Development Paradigms: Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches. CRC Press / Taylor & Francis, London. UK, pp. 557-565. ISBN 9780415483346 (print), 9780203884102 (electronic) (doi:10.1201/9780203884102.fmatt)

pastoral

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

pastoral development

Morton, John, Livingstone, John K. and Mussa, Mohammed (2007) Legislators and livestock: pastoralist parliamentary groups in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Gatekeeper Series, 131 . International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, pp. 1-25. ISBN (ISSN) 1357-9258 ISSN 1357-9258

pastoral farming

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

Pastoral households

Mayanja, Maureen N., Rubaire-Akiiki, Chris, Greiner, Ted and Morton, John F. (2015) Characterising food insecurity in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda using a consumption coping strategy index. Pastoralism, 5 (11). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2041-7136 (Print), 2041-7136 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13570-015-0031-z)

pastoral livelihoods

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

pastoral poverty

Morton, John, Livingstone, John K. and Mussa, Mohammed (2007) Legislators and livestock: pastoralist parliamentary groups in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Gatekeeper Series, 131 . International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, pp. 1-25. ISBN (ISSN) 1357-9258 ISSN 1357-9258

pastoral societies

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

pastoral society

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

pastoralism

Blowfield, M. and Donaldson, T. (1993) Pastoral groups and cereal storage systems. Report on an exploratory visit to Nigeria (NRI report no. R1999 (S)). [Working Paper]

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Brown, Douglas R., Gomes, Isabel, Morton, John F. and Rinaudo, Tony (2008) Pastoralism and poverty: research informing practice. Faith and Economics, 52. pp. 15-31. ISSN 0896-307X

Morton, John (2013) Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) Climate Change Briefing Paper. Discussion Paper. Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Morton, John and Kerven, C (2013) Livelihoods and basic service support in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Technical Report. International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Morton, John and Meadows, Nicholas (2000) Pastoralism and sustainable livelihoods: An emerging agenda. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (11) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545253

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Morton, John F. (2010) Pastoralism and climate change:clarifying research and policy agendas(with particular reference to the Horn of Africa). In: Second International Conference on Climate, Sustainability and Development in Semi-arid Regions, 16-20 Aug 2010, Ceará Convention Center Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil. (Unpublished)

Morton, John F. (2012) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: Helping, teaching but not learning? In: Catley, Andy, Lind, Jeremy and Scoones, Ian, (eds.) Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins. Pathways to Sustainability . Routledge, Abingdon, UK, pp. 108-118. ISBN 9780415540711

Morton, John F. (2011) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: acting, teaching but not learning? In: International Conference on the Future of Pastoralism, 21-23 Mar 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (Unpublished)

Morton, John F. (2010) Why should governmentality matter for the study of pastoral development? Nomadic Peoples, 14 (1). pp. 6-30. ISSN 0822-7942 (Print), 1752-2366 (Online) (doi:10.3167/np.2010.140102)

pastoralist parliamentary groups

Morton, John, Livingstone, John K. and Mussa, Mohammed (2007) Legislators and livestock: pastoralist parliamentary groups in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Gatekeeper Series, 131 . International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, pp. 1-25. ISBN (ISSN) 1357-9258 ISSN 1357-9258

pastoralists

Brown, Douglas R., Gomes, Isabel, Morton, John F. and Rinaudo, Tony (2008) Pastoralism and poverty: research informing practice. Faith and Economics, 52. pp. 15-31. ISSN 0896-307X

pelagic

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

Perception

Abraham, Ernest Mensah, Martin, Adrienne, Cofie, Olufunke and Raschid-Sally, Liqa (2016) Perceptions, attitudes and behaviours toward urban surface water quality in Accra, Ghana. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 27 (5). pp. 491-506. ISSN 1477-7835 (doi:10.1108/MEQ-07-2015-0122)

Perception analysis

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren and Morton, John F. (2016) Comparing smallholder farmers' perception of climate change with meteorological data: A case study from southwestern Nigeria. Weather and Climate Extremes, 15. pp. 24-33. ISSN 2212-0947 (Print), 2212-0947 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.wace.2016.12.001)

Perceptions of drought

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren, Morton, John F. and Muchaba, Tabitha (2018) Rainfall variability and drought characteristics in two agro-climatic zones: An assessment of climate change challenges in Africa. Science of the Total Environment, 630. pp. 728-737. ISSN 0048-9697 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.196)

performance assessment

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

peri-urban

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

Morton, John, Solecki, William, Dasgupta, Purnamita, Dodman, David and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2014) Cross-chapter box on urban–rural interactions – context for climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation. In: Field, C. and Barros, V., (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 153-155. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

Peru

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

phytosanitation

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

pigs

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

pine

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Palmer, E. R. and Ganguli, S. (1985) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa from Uganda. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541975

Pinus brutia

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Pinus nigra

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Pinus oocarpa

Palmer, E. R. and Ganguli, S. (1985) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa from Uganda. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541975

pits

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

plant breeding

Conroy, Martin (Czech) (2009) Use and institutionalisation of process innovations: participatory crop improvement processes in India and Nepal. In: Innovation Asia-Pacific Symposium, 4-7 May 2009, Kathmandu, Nepal.

plant fibre

Canning, A. J., Jarman, C. G. and Mykoluk, S. (1977) Pad-batch dyeing of plant fibres. Rural Technology Guide (2) . Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540669

plantation

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

policy

Anderson, Simon, Morton, John F. and Toulmin, Camilla (2009) Climate change for agrarian societies in drylands: implications and future pathways. In: Mearns, Robin and Norton, Andrew, (eds.) The Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World. New Frontiers of Social Policy . The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 199-230. ISBN 9780821378878 (doi:10.1596/978-0-8213-7887-8)

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Dasgupta, Nandini, Clark, David and Cannon, Terry (2001) Literature survey: Rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and local governance. [Working Paper]

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Agriculture’s role in flood adaptation and mitigation: policy issues and approaches. Discussion Paper. OECD Publishing, Paris, France. (doi:10.1787/786804541573)

Morris, Joe, Posthumus, Helena, Hess, Tim, Gowing, David and Rouquette, Jim (2009) Watery land: the management of lowland floodplains in England. In: Winter, Michael and Lobley, Matt, (eds.) What is land for?: The Food, Fuel and Climate Change Debate. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 135-166. ISBN 9781844077205

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Posthumus, H., Deeks, L.K., Fenn, I. and Rickson, R.J. (2011) Soil conservation in two English catchments: linking soil management with policies. Land Degradation & Development, 22 (1). pp. 97-110. ISSN 1099-145X (online) (doi:10.1002/ldr.987)

Prager, Katrin and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Adopting sustainable soil management: the role of socio-economic factors. The Sixteenth Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference [Conference Proceedings]. The Kadoorie Institute, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. ISBN 978-988-18934-1-3

Prager, Katrin and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Socio-economic factors influencing farmers' adoption of soil conservation practices in Europe. In: Napier, Ted L., (ed.) Human Dimensions of Soil and Water Conservation: A Global Perspective. Agriculture Issues and Policies . Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY, USA, pp. 203-223. ISBN 978-7-61728-957-6

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Policy framework for achieving sustainability in cotton production

Kumar, Ravinder (2010) Developing a Policy Framework for Promoting Better Management Practices in Four Cotton States in India. [Working Paper]

policy process

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

political economy

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

politics and public policy

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

Pollution

Abraham, Ernest Mensah, Martin, Adrienne, Cofie, Olufunke and Raschid-Sally, Liqa (2016) Perceptions, attitudes and behaviours toward urban surface water quality in Accra, Ghana. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 27 (5). pp. 491-506. ISSN 1477-7835 (doi:10.1108/MEQ-07-2015-0122)

poor

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kaira, Charles K., Kleih, Ulrich K., Benmaamar, Mustapha, Kwamusi, Paul and Iga, Harriet (2002) Kick-start workshop on improved food crops marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Meadows, Kate and Sutherland, Alistair (2000) Addressing gender in renewable natural resources knowledge strategies. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research best practice guides . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

Nelson, V., Maynard, B., Blowfield, M., Burchell, R., Collinson, C., Tallontire, A. and Thornback, J. (2001) Ethical trade, people and forests (A manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Pearce, Douglas and Helms, Brigit (2000) Financial services associations: The story so far. Consultative group to assist the poorest. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

post-harvest

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

post-harvest loss

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

postharvest

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 1. Wind forces on emergency storage structures (ODNRI Bulletin No. 23). [Working Paper]

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

Stringfellow, Rachel (1996) Smallholder outgrower schemes in Zambia. [Working Paper]

poverty

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Brown, Douglas R., Gomes, Isabel, Morton, John F. and Rinaudo, Tony (2008) Pastoralism and poverty: research informing practice. Faith and Economics, 52. pp. 15-31. ISSN 0896-307X

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Dutta, Utpal, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2003) Livelihoods in coastal fishing communities, and the marine fish marketing system of Bangladesh. Synthesis of participatory rural appraisals in six villages, and assessment of the marketing system (NRI report no. 2712). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, Ulrich, Alam, Khursid, Dastidar, Ranajit, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Ward, Ansen (2001) Report of workshop on "Poverty alleviation and livelihood security among the coastal fishing communities - market and credit access issues". Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Morton, John and Meadows, Nicholas (2000) Pastoralism and sustainable livelihoods: An emerging agenda. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (11) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545253

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

Willoughby, Robin and Forsythe, Lora (2012) Farming for impact - a case study of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda. Technical Report. Concern Worldwide.

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

poverty reduction

Gordon, Ann (1999) Non-farm rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (4) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545113

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

Stickings, Jeremy, Goodland, Andrew D., Janowski, Monica and Chinemana, Frances (1999) Agricultural sector investment programmes - Experience in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (3) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545091

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

practical design

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 1. Wind forces on emergency storage structures (ODNRI Bulletin No. 23). [Working Paper]

prediction

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

Pretoria

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

prevention

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

price

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

pricing

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

private sector

Morton, John F. (2012) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: Helping, teaching but not learning? In: Catley, Andy, Lind, Jeremy and Scoones, Ian, (eds.) Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins. Pathways to Sustainability . Routledge, Abingdon, UK, pp. 108-118. ISBN 9780415540711

Morton, John F. (2011) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: acting, teaching but not learning? In: International Conference on the Future of Pastoralism, 21-23 Mar 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (Unpublished)

private standards

Nelson, Valerie and Tallontire, Anne (2014) Battlefields of ideas: changing narratives and power dynamics in private standards in global agricultural value chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (3). pp. 481-497. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9512-8)

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie, Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2009) Beyond the vertical? Using value chains and governance as a framework to analyse private standards initiatives in agri-food chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 28 (3). pp. 427-441. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-009-9237-2)

privatization

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

processing

Flynn, G. and Hawkes, A. J. (1980) An industrial profile of wood wool/cement slab manufacture. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541193

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Processors

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

produce gas fuelling

Hollingdale, A.C., Breag, G.R. and Pearce, D. (1988) Producer gas fuelling of a 20kW output engine by gasification of solid biomass (ODNRI Bulletin No. 17). [Working Paper]

production

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

production systems

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

programme

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

project evaluation

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

Project Management System

Kumar, Ravinder and Martin, Adrienne (2017) Conceputalising, achieving and measuring impact. In: Resilient Small-scale Fisheries Symposium. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2017, pp. 27-28. ISBN 978-1925746075 ISSN 978-1925746082 (Online)

public-private sector partnerships

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

pulp

Palmer, E. R. and Ganguli, S. (1985) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa from Uganda. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541975

qualitative

Marsland, N., Wilson, I. M., Abeyasekera, S., Kleih, U., Lawson-McDowall, J., Burn, R. W., Golob, P., Barahona, C. E., Henderson, S., Conroy, C., Jeffries, D., Warburton, H., Oppong-Nkrumah, K. and Fredua Antoh, E. (2001) Combining quantitative and qualitative survey work. Methodological framework, practical issues, and case studies. Manual. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Qualitative comparative analysis

López-i-Gelats, Feliu, Fraser, Evan D.G., Morton, John F. and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2016) What drives the vulnerability of pastoralists to global environmental change? A qualitative meta-analysis. Global Environmental Change, 39. pp. 258-274. ISSN 0959-3780 (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.011)

Quality

Abraham, Ernest Mensah, Martin, Adrienne, Cofie, Olufunke and Raschid-Sally, Liqa (2016) Perceptions, attitudes and behaviours toward urban surface water quality in Accra, Ghana. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 27 (5). pp. 491-506. ISSN 1477-7835 (doi:10.1108/MEQ-07-2015-0122)

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

quantitative

Marsland, N., Wilson, I. M., Abeyasekera, S., Kleih, U., Lawson-McDowall, J., Burn, R. W., Golob, P., Barahona, C. E., Henderson, S., Conroy, C., Jeffries, D., Warburton, H., Oppong-Nkrumah, K. and Fredua Antoh, E. (2001) Combining quantitative and qualitative survey work. Methodological framework, practical issues, and case studies. Manual. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Rainfall variability

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

Rakai

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

rapid rural appraisal

Gilling, J. and Cropley, J. P. (1993) Needs assessment for agricultural development: Practical issues in informal data collection. NRI Socio-economic Series, 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543366

reduction of hunger

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

regulation and governance

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2015) Fairtrade international’s multi-dimensional impacts in Africa. In: Raynolds, Laura T and Bennett, Elizabeth A., (eds.) Handbook of Research on Fair Trade. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 509-531. ISBN 9781783474608 (doi:10.4337/9781783474622.00040)

rehabilitation

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

relief

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Remote sensing

Patterson, G., Wooster, M.J. and Sear, C.B. (1995) Real-time monitoring of African aquatic resources using remote sensing with special reference to Lake Malawi. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

remote sensing imagery

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

renewable natural resources

Garforth, Chris (1998) Dissemination pathways for RNR research. Socio-economic methodologies. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Meadows, Kate and Sutherland, Alistair (2000) Addressing gender in renewable natural resources knowledge strategies. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research best practice guides . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

research

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

Morton, J., Kisauzi, D., Ohiomoba, I., Demby, D., Mangheni, M., Moumouni, I., Parkinson, V., Suale, D., Lamboll, R., Nelson, V. and Quan, J. (2014) Climate, agriculture and knowledge in Africa: Agricultural research and advisory services in the face of climate change. Final synthesis report of the climate learning for African agriculture project. Project Report. University of Greenwich (NRI), FARA and AFAAS, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Apenteng, Essie Aduwa Ape and Lamboll, Richard (2013) African Agricultural Research and Advisory Services under Climate Change: Perspectives from an E-­Discussion. [Working Paper]

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Research impact

Rejesus, Roderick M., Martin, Adrienne M. and Gypmantasiri, Phrek (2014) Enhancing the impact of natural resource management research: Lessons from a meta-impact assessment of the Irrigated Rice Research Consortium. Global Food Security, 3 (1). pp. 41-48. ISSN 2211-9124 (Print), 2211-9124 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.gfs.2013.11.001)

research knowledge

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

resilience

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Grafton, R. Quentin, McLindin, Mahala, Hussey, Karen, Wyrwoll, Paul, Wichelns, Dennis, Ringler, Claudia, Garrick, Dustin, Pittock, Jamie, Wheeler, Sarah, Orr, Stuart, Matthews, Nathanial, Ansink, Erik, Aureli, Alice, Connell, Daniel, De Stefano, Lucia, Dowsley, Kate, Farolfi, Stefano, Hall, Jim, Katic, Pamela, Lankford, Bruce, Leckie, Hannah, McCartney, Matthew, Pohlner, Huw, Ratna, Nazmun, Rubarenzya, Mark Henry, Sai Raman, Shriman Narayan, Wheeler, Kevin and Williams, John (2016) Responding to global challenges in food, energy, environment and water: Risks and options assessment for decision-Making. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 3 (2). pp. 275-299. ISSN 2050-2680 (Print), 2050-2680 (Online) (doi:10.1002/app5.128)

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Achieving dryland women's empowerment: environmental resilience and social transformation. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

Nelson, Valerie and Phillips, David (2018) Sector, landscape or rural transformations? Exploring the limits and potential of agricultural sustainability initiatives through a cocoa case study. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 0964-4733 (Print), 1099-0836 (Online) (doi:10.1002/bse.2014)

Nelson, Valerie and Stathers, Tanya (2009) Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions. Gender & Development, 17 (1). pp. 81-94. ISSN 1355-2074 (Print), 1364-9221 (Online) (doi:10.1080/13552070802696946)

resource inventory

Anderson, I. P., Brinn, P. J., Moyo, M. and Nyamwanza, B. (1993) Physical resource inventory of the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe - An overview (NRI Bulletin 60). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543404 ISSN 0952-8245

resource management

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

resources

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Patterson, G., Wooster, M.J. and Sear, C.B. (1995) Real-time monitoring of African aquatic resources using remote sensing with special reference to Lake Malawi. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Result-Based Management

Kumar, Ravinder and Martin, Adrienne (2017) Conceputalising, achieving and measuring impact. In: Resilient Small-scale Fisheries Symposium. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2017, pp. 27-28. ISBN 978-1925746075 ISSN 978-1925746082 (Online)

retail

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

review

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

rice

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

rice husk ash

Kleih, U. and Hollingdale, A.C. (1993) Production of high quality rice husk ash. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

rice husks

Tariq, A.S. and Lipscombe, R.J. (1992) Application of air injectors to biomass combustion systems. Conveyance of rice husks and other particulate biomass materials (NRI Bulletin 52). [Working Paper]

rights

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Quan, Julian, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Strengthening dryland women's land rights: local contexts, global change. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Achieving dryland women's empowerment: environmental resilience and social transformation. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

risk

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Meijerink, Gerdien, Onumah, Gideon and Posthumus, Helena (2011) Innovations in risk insurance models. Discussion Paper. Agrinatura / ESFIM, Paris, France.

risk and uncertainty

Scrieciu, S. Şerban, Barker, Terry and Ackerman, Frank (2011) Pushing the boundaries of climate economics: Critical issues to consider in climate policy analysis. Ecological Economics, 85. pp. 155-165. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.10.016)

Romania

Bleahu, Ana and Janowski, Monica (2002) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania: A report on qualitative fieldwork in two communities. [Working Paper]

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

root

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

roots

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

rubber

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

runoff

Posthumus, Helena and Morris, Joe (2010) Implications of CAP-reform for land management and runoff control in England and Wales. Land Use Policy, 27 (1). pp. 42-50. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.06.002)

rural

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

Bleahu, Ana and Janowski, Monica (2002) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania: A report on qualitative fieldwork in two communities. [Working Paper]

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Dasgupta, Nandini, Clark, David and Cannon, Terry (2001) Literature survey: Rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and local governance. [Working Paper]

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodwin, Harold, Spenceley, Anna and Maynard, Bill (2002) Development of responsible tourism guidelines for South Africa (Final report). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Janowski, Monica (2003) Rural non-farm livelihood activities in Romania, Georgia and Armenia: Synthesis of findings from fieldwork carried out at village level 2001–2002. [Working Paper]

Kharatyan, Hranush, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) Sustaining rural livelihoods: A report on farming and non-farm activities in three communities in Armenia. [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Pearce, Douglas and Helms, Brigit (2000) Financial services associations: The story so far. Consultative group to assist the poorest. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

Saxena, N. C. (2003) The rural non-farm economy in India: Some policy issues. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smith, David Rider (2001) Gender and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda. [Working Paper]

Sumbadze, Nana, Kobaladze, Ketevan, Dolidze, Pawel, Babajunian, Babken and Janowski, Monica (2003) The non-farm economy in post-Soviet Georgia: A study of three rural communities. [Working Paper]

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

rural advisory services

Martin, Adrienne, Gundel, Sabine, Apenteng, Essie and Pound, Barry (2011) Review of literature on evaluation methods relevant to extension. Other. GFRAS – Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services, Agridea Eschikon 28 8315 Lindau Switzerland.

rural areas

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

rural development

Adolph, Barbara (2005) Learning how to do things differently: challenges in sharing tacit knowledge for agricultural and rural development (with examples from India and Namibia). In: Proceedings of the symposium on Learning Alliances for scaling up innovative approaches in the water and sanitation sector held in Delft, the Netherlands, 7-9 June 2005. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 1-10.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John F., Chancellor, Tim, Burt, Peter and Pound, Barry (2010) Climate change, agriculture and Fairtrade: identifying the challenges and opportunities. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Natural Resources Institute [website] / Fairtrade Foundation [website].

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

Quan, Julian (2008) Land reform and rural territories: Experiences from Brazil and South Africa. [Working Paper]

rural economy and land use programme

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Gowing, D.J.G, Tucker, G., Dawson, Q.L., Hess, T.M. and Morris, J. (2009) Valuing nature-conservation interests on agricultural floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46 (2). pp. 289-296. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01627)

rural finance

Pearce, Douglas and Helms, Brigit (2000) Financial services associations: The story so far. Consultative group to assist the poorest. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Rural innovation

Kanyama-Phiri, George, Wellard, Kate and Snapp, Sieglinde (2017) Introduction. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00001-3)

Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde (eds.) (2008) Agricultural systems: agroecology and rural innovation for development. In: Pound, Barry and Snapp, Sieglinde, (eds.) Academic Press, London, UK, p. 400. ISBN 9780123725172

rural investment

Gordon, Ann (1999) Non-farm rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (4) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545113

rural land use

Morris, Joe, Posthumus, Helena, Hess, Tim, Gowing, David and Rouquette, Jim (2009) Watery land: the management of lowland floodplains in England. In: Winter, Michael and Lobley, Matt, (eds.) What is land for?: The Food, Fuel and Climate Change Debate. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 135-166. ISBN 9781844077205

rural livelihoods

Gordon, Ann (1999) Non-farm rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (4) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545113

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

rural poor

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

Nelson, Valerie (2000) Zambia feeder roads research project rural transport policy toolkit: Livelihoods profile for North and Luapula provinces. [Working Paper]

rural poverty

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

rural protest

Morton, John F. (2008) Morality and institutions: an exploration. Discussion Paper. Research Programme Consortium on Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (IPPG), Manchester, UK.

rural transport

Nelson, Valerie (2000) Zambia feeder roads research project rural transport policy toolkit: Livelihoods profile for North and Luapula provinces. [Working Paper]

Rwanda

Willoughby, Robin and Forsythe, Lora (2012) Farming for impact - a case study of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda. Technical Report. Concern Worldwide.

sago

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

Sanitation

Abraham, Ernest Mensah, Martin, Adrienne, Cofie, Olufunke and Raschid-Sally, Liqa (2016) Perceptions, attitudes and behaviours toward urban surface water quality in Accra, Ghana. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 27 (5). pp. 491-506. ISSN 1477-7835 (doi:10.1108/MEQ-07-2015-0122)

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

savings

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

scenario modelling

Posthumus, H., Rouquette, J.R., Morris, J., Gowing, D.J.G. and Hess, T.M. (2010) A framework for the assessment of ecosystem goods and services; a case study on lowland floodplains in England. Ecological Economics, 69 (7). pp. 1510-1523. ISSN 0921-8009 (doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.02.011)

sea level rise

Quan, Julian and Dyer, Nat (2008) Climate change and land tenure: The implications of climate change for land tenure and land policy (Land Tenure Working Paper 2). Working Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

seafood

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

seasonality

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

security

Grimble, Robin, Cardoso, Catarina and Omar-Chowdhury, Salma (2002) People and the environment: Issues and linkages. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545350

seed store

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

self-help

Adolph, Barbara (2003) The role of self-help groups in rural non-farm employment. [Working Paper]

semi-arid

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

Services

Morton, John and Kerven, C (2013) Livelihoods and basic service support in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Technical Report. International Livestock Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

shea nut

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

sheep

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

shrimp

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

shrimping

Young, R.H. and Marter, A.D. (1981) A progress design, costs and financial analysis of a pilot plant for the utilisation of the shrimp by-catch in the Gulf of California (TPI report no. R1002(A)). Working Paper. Tropical Products Institute, London, UK.

silver

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

skins

Furlong, J.R. (1952) The drying of hides and skins. Technical Report. Colonial Products Advisory Bureau (Plant and Animal), London, UK.

slab

Flynn, G. and Hawkes, A. J. (1980) An industrial profile of wood wool/cement slab manufacture. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541193

sleeping sickness

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

Small Scale Fisheries

Kumar, Ravinder and Martin, Adrienne (2017) Conceputalising, achieving and measuring impact. In: Resilient Small-scale Fisheries Symposium. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2017, pp. 27-28. ISBN 978-1925746075 ISSN 978-1925746082 (Online)

small-holder

Stringfellow, Rachel (1996) Smallholder outgrower schemes in Zambia. [Working Paper]

small-scale mines

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

smallholder

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smallholder farmers

Ayanlade, Ayansina, Radeny, Maren and Morton, John F. (2016) Comparing smallholder farmers' perception of climate change with meteorological data: A case study from southwestern Nigeria. Weather and Climate Extremes, 15. pp. 24-33. ISSN 2212-0947 (Print), 2212-0947 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.wace.2016.12.001)

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

Meijerink, Gerdien, Onumah, Gideon and Posthumus, Helena (2011) Innovations in risk insurance models. Discussion Paper. Agrinatura / ESFIM, Paris, France.

smallholder farming

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Corbeels, M., van Halsema, G.E., Lahmar, R., Lugandu, S., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R., Naudin, K., Triomphe, B. and Mkomwa, S. (2012) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): Targeting innovations to combat soil degradation and food insecurity in semi-arid Africa. Field Crops Research, 132. pp. 168-174. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2011.12.011)

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., van Halsema, G.E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Lahmar, R., Corbeels, M., Apina, T., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R. and Mkomwa, S. (2011) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): targeting resource-limited and degraded environments of semi-arid Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 September 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

smallholders

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

Belay, Abrham, Recha, John W., Woldeamanuel, Teshale and Morton, John F. (2017) Smallholder farmers' adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 6 (24). ISSN 2048-7010 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s40066-017-0100-1)

Katic, Pamela and Morris, Joanne (2016) Targeting investments in small-scale groundwater irrigation using Bayesian networks for a data-scarce river basin in Sub-Saharan Africa. Environmental Modelling and Software, 82. pp. 44-72. ISSN 1364-8152 (doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.04.004)

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie and Nelson, Valerie (2013) Contingent spaces for smallholder participation in GlobalGAP: insights from Kenyan horticulture value chains. The Geographical Journal, 180 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0016-7398 (Print), 1475-4959 (Online) (doi:10.1111/geoj.12047)

smoking kiln

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Sobantu

Martin, Adrienne and Pound, Barry (1998) Report on a visit to South Africa to facilitate a participatory workshop for an urban agriculture project in Sobantu Village, KwaZulu-Natal, as part of the DfID funded project: "Support to the Institute of Natural Resources for institutional development in South Africa". [Working Paper]

Social

Kumar, R., Nelson, V., Martin, A., Badal, D., Latheef, A., Suresh Reddy, B., Narayanan, L., Young, S. and Hartog, M. (2016) Evaluation of the early impacts of the better cotton initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, India: Baseline report. ISEAL Alliance, London.

social capital

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick and Martin, Adrienne (2007) The dynamics of social capital and conflict management in multiple resource regimes: a case of the Southwestern Highlands of Uganda. Ecology and Society, 12 (1). ISSN 1708-3087

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

social development

Boyd, Emily, Grist, Natasha, Juhola, Sirkku and Nelson, Valerie (2009) Exploring development futures in a changing climate: frontiers for development policy and practice. Development Policy Review, 27 (6). pp. 659-674. ISSN 0950-6764 (Print), 1467-7679 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00464.x)

social impact

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

social issues

Quan, Julian, Oudwater, Nicoliene, Pender, Judith and Martin, Adrianne (2001) GIS and participatory approaches in natural resources research. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

social responsibility

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

socio economics

Warburton, H. and Martin, A. (1999) Local people's knowledge in natural resources research. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

socio-economic

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Gilling, J. and Cropley, J. P. (1993) Needs assessment for agricultural development: Practical issues in informal data collection. NRI Socio-economic Series, 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543366

Gordon, A. (1997) Domestic markets for non-timber tree products: Methodological and strategical issues. NRI Socio-economic Series, 14 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544915

Morton, J., Matthewman, R. and Barton, D. (1997) Livestock production extension: Issues, case studies and policy options. NRI Socio-economic Series, 12 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954480X

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

Stringfellow, Rachel (1995) The hand operated bridge press for ground nut and shea nut processing: A financial and socio-economic appraisal. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Sutherland, Alistair (1998) Participatory research in natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

socio-economics

Garforth, Chris (1998) Dissemination pathways for RNR research. Socio-economic methodologies. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Gordon, Ann (2000) Rural finance and natural resources. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research. Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Grimble, Robin (1998) Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

Meadows, Kate and Sutherland, Alistair (2000) Addressing gender in renewable natural resources knowledge strategies. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research best practice guides . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

soil

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

soil and water conservation

Posthumus, H. and Stroosnijder, L. (2010) To terrace or not: the short-term impact of bench terraces on soil properties and crop response in the Peruvian Andes. Environment, Development & Sustainability, 12 (2). pp. 263-276. ISSN 1387-585X (Print), 1573-2975 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10668-009-9193-4)

soil conservation

Posthumus, H., Deeks, L.K., Fenn, I. and Rickson, R.J. (2011) Soil conservation in two English catchments: linking soil management with policies. Land Degradation & Development, 22 (1). pp. 97-110. ISSN 1099-145X (online) (doi:10.1002/ldr.987)

Posthumus, Helena, Gardebroek, Cornelis and Ruben, Ruerd (2010) From participation to adoption: Comparing the effectiveness of soil conservation programs in the Peruvian Andes. Land Economics, 86 (4). pp. 645-667. ISSN 0023-7639 (Print), 1543-8325 (Online)

Prager, Katrin and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Adopting sustainable soil management: the role of socio-economic factors. The Sixteenth Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference [Conference Proceedings]. The Kadoorie Institute, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. ISBN 978-988-18934-1-3

Prager, Katrin and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Socio-economic factors influencing farmers' adoption of soil conservation practices in Europe. In: Napier, Ted L., (ed.) Human Dimensions of Soil and Water Conservation: A Global Perspective. Agriculture Issues and Policies . Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY, USA, pp. 203-223. ISBN 978-7-61728-957-6

Rickson, Jane, Deeks, Lynda, Posthumus, Helena and Quinton, John (2010) Understanding the costs and benefits of mitigation measures used to reduce or prevent soil erosion. Project Report. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), London, UK.

soil degradation

Posthumus, H., Deeks, L.K., Fenn, I. and Rickson, R.J. (2011) Soil conservation in two English catchments: linking soil management with policies. Land Degradation & Development, 22 (1). pp. 97-110. ISSN 1099-145X (online) (doi:10.1002/ldr.987)

soil erosion

Posthumus, Helena and Morris, Joe (2010) Implications of CAP-reform for land management and runoff control in England and Wales. Land Use Policy, 27 (1). pp. 42-50. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.06.002)

soil fertility

Coote, Claire, Giller, Ken, Sutherland, Alastair, Mughogho, Spider, Benson, Todd, Oudwater, Nicoleine and Coulter, John (1998) Soil fertility in Malawi. A review of policies, productivity and perceptions. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

soil restoration

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Corbeels, M., van Halsema, G.E., Lahmar, R., Lugandu, S., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R., Naudin, K., Triomphe, B. and Mkomwa, S. (2012) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): Targeting innovations to combat soil degradation and food insecurity in semi-arid Africa. Field Crops Research, 132. pp. 168-174. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2011.12.011)

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., van Halsema, G.E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Lahmar, R., Corbeels, M., Apina, T., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R. and Mkomwa, S. (2011) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): targeting resource-limited and degraded environments of semi-arid Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 September 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

soil survey

Anderson, I. P., Brinn, P. J., Moyo, M. and Nyamwanza, B. (1993) Physical resource inventory of the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe - An overview (NRI Bulletin 60). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543404 ISSN 0952-8245

soils

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

solid biomass

Hollingdale, A.C., Breag, G.R. and Pearce, D. (1988) Producer gas fuelling of a 20kW output engine by gasification of solid biomass (ODNRI Bulletin No. 17). [Working Paper]

SOS campaign

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

South Africa

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Goodwin, Harold, Spenceley, Anna and Maynard, Bill (2002) Development of responsible tourism guidelines for South Africa (Final report). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

South America

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Southern Africa

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Sri Lanka

Hollingdale, A. C. and Lipscombe, R. J. (1992) Report on a visit to Sri Lanka to evaluate performance of traditional furnace/heat exchanger systems used in the tea industry: 10 to 29 November 1992. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Janowski, Monica (1997) Report on an analysis of rural livelihoods and poverty in two villages in Sri Lanka. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

stakeholder

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Grimble, Robin (1998) Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management. Socio-economic methodologies: Best practice guidelines . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544966

stakeholder analysis

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

state regulation

Ubink, Janine M. and Quan, Julian F. (2008) How to combine tradition and modernity? Regulating customary land management in Ghana. Land Use Policy, 25 (2). pp. 198-213. ISSN 0264-8377 (doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2007.06.002)

stoichiometric air-fuel ratio

Tariq, A.S., Reupke, P. and Sarwar, G. (1994) Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation. Biomass Combustion Systems (2). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-385-4

storage

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

storage engineering

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

storage structure

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

storage stucture

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 1. Wind forces on emergency storage structures (ODNRI Bulletin No. 23). [Working Paper]

Stream flow

Kassian, Lucy, Tenywa, Moses, Liwenga, Emma T., Wellard Dyer, Kate and Bamutaze, Yazidhi (2016) Implication of climate change and variability on stream flow in Iringa region, Tanzania. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 8 (2). pp. 336-347. ISSN 2040-2244 (doi:10.2166/wcc.2016.238)

structure evaluation

O'Dowd, E.T., New, J.H., Bisbrown, A.J.K., Hallam, J.A. and Joy, Corinne (1987) An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries (ODNRI Bulletin No. 10). [Working Paper]

sub-Sahara

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Sutherland, Alistair, Martin, Adrienne and Rider Smith, David (2001) Dimensions of participation. Experiences, lessons and tips from agricultural research practitioners in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545393

sub-saharan

White, Joanna and Robinson, Elizabeth (2000) HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Policy Series 6). Natural Resources Institute Policy Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-517-2

Sub-Saharan Africa

Lamboll, Richard, Stathers, Tanya and Morton, John (2017) Climate change and agricultural systems. In: Snapp, Sieglinde and Pound, Barry, (eds.) Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development. Academic Press, London, pp. 441-490. ISBN 978-0128020708 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802070-8.00013-X)

Stringfellow, R. (1996) An investigation of the organisational features, commodities and situations associated with contract farming and outgrower schemes in Sub Saharan Africa and of the factors which are critical to their successful operation. [Working Paper]

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Corbeels, M., van Halsema, G.E., Lahmar, R., Lugandu, S., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R., Naudin, K., Triomphe, B. and Mkomwa, S. (2012) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): Targeting innovations to combat soil degradation and food insecurity in semi-arid Africa. Field Crops Research, 132. pp. 168-174. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2011.12.011)

Tittonell, P., Scopel, E., van Halsema, G.E., Andrieu, N., Posthumus, H., Mapfumo, P., Lahmar, R., Corbeels, M., Apina, T., Rakotoarisoa, J., Mtambanengwe, F., Pound, B., Chikowo, R. and Mkomwa, S. (2011) Agroecology-based aggradation-conservation agriculture (ABACO): targeting resource-limited and degraded environments of semi-arid Africa. In: Resilient Food Systems for a Changing World. 5th World Congress Conservation Agriculture and 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26-29 September 2011, Brisbane, Australia. (Unpublished)

Toulmin, Camilla and Quan, Julian (eds.) (2000) Evolving land rights, policy and tenure in Africa. DFID/IIED/NRI, London, UK. ISBN 1899825517

subsidies

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

subsistence farmers

Morton, John F. (2007) The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistence agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (50). pp. 19680-19685. ISSN 0027-8424 (doi:10.1073/pnas.0701855104)

substitute fuelling

Jones, J.M., Breag, G.R., Hollingdale, A.C. and Robinson, A.P. (1990) The use of coconut oil/diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines (ODNRI Bulletin No. 31). [Working Paper]

sugar cane

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

summer 2007 floods

Posthumus, Helena, Morris, Joe, Hess, Tim, Neville, Duncan, Phillips, Ed and Baylis, Adam (2009) Impacts of the summer 2007 floods on agriculture in England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2 (3). pp. 182-189. ISSN 1753-318X (doi:10.1111/j.1753-318X.2009.01031.x)

supply

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

supply chain

Macfarlane, Magnus, Tallontire, Anne and Martin, Adrienne (2003) Towards an ethical jewellery business. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

supply chains

Nelson, Valerie and Phillips, David (2018) Sector, landscape or rural transformations? Exploring the limits and potential of agricultural sustainability initiatives through a cocoa case study. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 0964-4733 (Print), 1099-0836 (Online) (doi:10.1002/bse.2014)

survey

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

Marsland, N., Wilson, I. M., Abeyasekera, S., Kleih, U., Lawson-McDowall, J., Burn, R. W., Golob, P., Barahona, C. E., Henderson, S., Conroy, C., Jeffries, D., Warburton, H., Oppong-Nkrumah, K. and Fredua Antoh, E. (2001) Combining quantitative and qualitative survey work. Methodological framework, practical issues, and case studies. Manual. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

survival

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

suspension burner

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

sustainability

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Blowfield, Michael, Gallat, Stephanie, Malins, Annabelle, Maynard, Bill, Nelson, Valerie and Robinson, Dawn (1999) Ethical trade and sustainable rural livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-503-2

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie and Phillips, David (2018) Sector, landscape or rural transformations? Exploring the limits and potential of agricultural sustainability initiatives through a cocoa case study. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 0964-4733 (Print), 1099-0836 (Online) (doi:10.1002/bse.2014)

Pearce, Douglas and Helms, Brigit (2000) Financial services associations: The story so far. Consultative group to assist the poorest. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

Yaron, Gil (1998) Alternative land use options in the Mount Cameroon Region: An economic analysis. Technical Report. NAtural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Sustainability Standards

Nelson, Valerie (ed.) (2017) Fairtrade Impacts: Lessons from around the world. Fairtrade Impacts. Practical Action Publishing, Hampshire, UK. ISBN 978-1853399077 (doi:10.3362/9781780449067)

Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2014) Exploring issues of rigour and utility in Fairtrade impact assessment. Food Chain, 4 (1). pp. 14-33. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2014.003)

Nelson, Valerie and Tallontire, Anne (2014) Battlefields of ideas: changing narratives and power dynamics in private standards in global agricultural value chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 31 (3). pp. 481-497. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-014-9512-8)

sustainable

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kleih, U., Greenhalgh, P. and Oudwater, N. (2003) A guide to the analysis of fish marketing systems using a combination of sub-sector analysis and the sustainable livelihoods approach. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-522-0

Sustainable Aquaculture

Kumar, Ravinder and Martin, Adrienne (2017) Conceputalising, achieving and measuring impact. In: Resilient Small-scale Fisheries Symposium. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2017, pp. 27-28. ISBN 978-1925746075 ISSN 978-1925746082 (Online)

Sustainable cotton production

Kumar, Ravinder (2010) Developing a Policy Framework for Promoting Better Management Practices in Four Cotton States in India. [Working Paper]

Sustainable development

Grafton, R. Quentin, McLindin, Mahala, Hussey, Karen, Wyrwoll, Paul, Wichelns, Dennis, Ringler, Claudia, Garrick, Dustin, Pittock, Jamie, Wheeler, Sarah, Orr, Stuart, Matthews, Nathanial, Ansink, Erik, Aureli, Alice, Connell, Daniel, De Stefano, Lucia, Dowsley, Kate, Farolfi, Stefano, Hall, Jim, Katic, Pamela, Lankford, Bruce, Leckie, Hannah, McCartney, Matthew, Pohlner, Huw, Ratna, Nazmun, Rubarenzya, Mark Henry, Sai Raman, Shriman Narayan, Wheeler, Kevin and Williams, John (2016) Responding to global challenges in food, energy, environment and water: Risks and options assessment for decision-Making. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 3 (2). pp. 275-299. ISSN 2050-2680 (Print), 2050-2680 (Online) (doi:10.1002/app5.128)

Grafton, R. Quentin, McLindin, Mahala, Hussey, Karen, Wyrwoll, Paul, Wichelns, Dennis, Ringler, Claudia, Garrick, Dustin, Pittock, Jamie, Wheeler, Sarah, Orr, Stuart, Matthews, Nathanial, Ansink, Erik, Aureli, Alice, Connell, Daniel, De Stefano, Lucia, Dowsley, Kate, Farolfi, Stefano, Hall, Jim, Katic, Pamela, Lankford, Bruce, Leckie, Hannah, McCartney, Matthew, Pohlner, Huw, Ratna, Nazmun, Rubarenzya, Mark Henry, Sai Raman, Shriman Narayan, Wheeler, Kevin and Williams, John (2016) Responding to global challenges in food, energy, environment and water: Risks and options assessment for decision-Making. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 3 (2). pp. 275-299. ISSN 2050-2680 (Print), 2050-2680 (Online) (doi:10.1002/app5.128)

Leakey, Roger, Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, Caron, Patrick, Craufurd, Peter, Martin, Adrienne, McDonald, Andy, Abedini, Walter, Afiff, Suraya, Bakurin, Ndey, Bass, Steve, Hilbeck, Angelika, Jansen, Tony, Lhaloui, Saadia, Lock, Karen, Newman, James, Primavesi, Odo and Sengooba, Teresa (2009) Impacts of AKST on development and sustainability goals. In: McIntyre, Beverly D., Herren, Hans R., Wakhungu, Judi and Watson, Robert T., (eds.) Agriculture at a Crossroads: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Global Report. Island Press / The Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 145-253. ISBN 9781597265393

Sustainable Development Goals

Kumar, Ravinder and Quan, Julian (2016) Global Land Indicator Initiative: Sourcebook for Operationalisation of Global Land Indicators. [Working Paper]

Sustainable intensification

Grafton, R. Quentin, McLindin, Mahala, Hussey, Karen, Wyrwoll, Paul, Wichelns, Dennis, Ringler, Claudia, Garrick, Dustin, Pittock, Jamie, Wheeler, Sarah, Orr, Stuart, Matthews, Nathanial, Ansink, Erik, Aureli, Alice, Connell, Daniel, De Stefano, Lucia, Dowsley, Kate, Farolfi, Stefano, Hall, Jim, Katic, Pamela, Lankford, Bruce, Leckie, Hannah, McCartney, Matthew, Pohlner, Huw, Ratna, Nazmun, Rubarenzya, Mark Henry, Sai Raman, Shriman Narayan, Wheeler, Kevin and Williams, John (2016) Responding to global challenges in food, energy, environment and water: Risks and options assessment for decision-Making. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 3 (2). pp. 275-299. ISSN 2050-2680 (Print), 2050-2680 (Online) (doi:10.1002/app5.128)

sustainable livelihoods

Morton, John and Meadows, Nicholas (2000) Pastoralism and sustainable livelihoods: An emerging agenda. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (11) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545253

sustainable livelihoods framework

Henderson, Simon (2001) Natural resources research: Impact assessment and poverty. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (10) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545296

sweet potato

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

swidden

Barton, D. (1994) Indigenous agroforestry in Latin America: A blueprint for sustainable agriculture? NRI Socio-economic Series, 6 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543730

Sylhet

Silverside, D., Sherington, J. and Marsland, N. (1998) Report on a visit to Bangladesh to supervise the research students undertaking the research project entitled: Improvements in the production of livestock products in peri-urban areas of cities in Asia. [Working Paper]

synergy

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick and Martin, Adrienne (2007) The dynamics of social capital and conflict management in multiple resource regimes: a case of the Southwestern Highlands of Uganda. Ecology and Society, 12 (1). ISSN 1708-3087

systems

Ticehurst, Daniel and Cameron, Catherine (2000) Performance and impact assessment: Emerging systems among development agencies. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (8) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545148

taboos

Forsythe, Lora, Nyamanda, Mala, Mbachi Mwangwela, Agnes and Bennett, Ben (2015) Beliefs, taboos and minor crop value chains: the case of Bambara Groundnut in Malawi. Food, Culture and Society, 18 (3). pp. 501-517. ISSN 1552-8014 (Print), 1751-7443 (Online) (doi:10.1080/15528014.2015.1043112)

tacit knowledge

Adolph, Barbara (2005) Learning how to do things differently: challenges in sharing tacit knowledge for agricultural and rural development (with examples from India and Namibia). In: Proceedings of the symposium on Learning Alliances for scaling up innovative approaches in the water and sanitation sector held in Delft, the Netherlands, 7-9 June 2005. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 1-10.

Tanzania

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ndunguru, G. T., Meku, S., Ngendello, T., Westby, A. and Mwaisela, F. (2003) An update of information on market characteristics of sweet potato in the Lake and Eastern Zones of Tanzania. [Working Paper]

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

tea

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Hollingdale, A. C. and Lipscombe, R. J. (1992) Report on a visit to Sri Lanka to evaluate performance of traditional furnace/heat exchanger systems used in the tea industry: 10 to 29 November 1992. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

technique

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

technology

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

technology adoption

Posthumus, Helena, Gardebroek, Cornelis and Ruben, Ruerd (2010) From participation to adoption: Comparing the effectiveness of soil conservation programs in the Peruvian Andes. Land Economics, 86 (4). pp. 645-667. ISSN 0023-7639 (Print), 1543-8325 (Online)

Prager, Katrin and Posthumus, Helena (2010) Socio-economic factors influencing farmers' adoption of soil conservation practices in Europe. In: Napier, Ted L., (ed.) Human Dimensions of Soil and Water Conservation: A Global Perspective. Agriculture Issues and Policies . Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY, USA, pp. 203-223. ISBN 978-7-61728-957-6

temperature control

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

tenure

Quan, Julian, Ubink, Janine and Antwi, Adarkwah (2008) Risks and opportunities of state intervention in customary land management: Emergent findings from the Land Administration Project Ghana. In: Ubink, Janine M. and Amanor, Kojo S., (eds.) Contesting land and custom in Ghana: State, Chief and the Citizen. Law, Governance and Development . Leiden University Press, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 183-208. ISBN 9087280475

tenure security

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

Thailand

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

timber drying

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

tourism

Goodwin, Harold, Spenceley, Anna and Maynard, Bill (2002) Development of responsible tourism guidelines for South Africa (Final report). Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

trade

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, V., Maynard, B., Blowfield, M., Burchell, R., Collinson, C., Tallontire, A. and Thornback, J. (2001) Ethical trade, people and forests (A manual). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Galvez, Modesto and Blowfield, Mick (2000) Social impact of ethical and conventional brazil nut trading on forest-dependent people in Peru. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Nelson, Valerie, Smith, Sally, Martin, Adrienne and Vanhuyse, Fedra (2012) Comic Relief trade Programme Evaluation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

transaction cost

Collinson, C.D., Kleih, U., Burnett, D.G., Ferris, R.S.B., Jagwe, J.N. and Muganga, A.K. (2002) Transaction cost analysis. Final report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

transformation

Nelson, Valerie and Phillips, David (2018) Sector, landscape or rural transformations? Exploring the limits and potential of agricultural sustainability initiatives through a cocoa case study. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 0964-4733 (Print), 1099-0836 (Online) (doi:10.1002/bse.2014)

transition economies

Davis, J. and Rylance, C. (2005) Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

transport

Kaira, Charles K., Kleih, Ulrich K., Benmaamar, Mustapha, Kwamusi, Paul and Iga, Harriet (2002) Kick-start workshop on improved food crops marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

tree product

Gordon, A. (1997) Domestic markets for non-timber tree products: Methodological and strategical issues. NRI Socio-economic Series, 14 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544915

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

tree production

Gordon, A. (1997) Domestic markets for non-timber tree products: Methodological and strategical issues. NRI Socio-economic Series, 14 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544915

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

tree resources

Chan, Man-Kwun (1995) Tree resources in Northern Thailand: Local stakeholders and national policy. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544036

Grimble, R. J., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J. (1994) Tree resources and environmental policy: A stakeholder approach. NRI Socio-economic Series, 7 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543803

Trends

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

tropical

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

tropical countries

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 1. Wind forces on emergency storage structures (ODNRI Bulletin No. 23). [Working Paper]

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 2. Bumper crop storage (ODNRI Bulletin No. 24). [Working Paper]

O'Dowd, E.T., New, J.H., Bisbrown, A.J.K., Hallam, J.A. and Joy, Corinne (1987) An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries (ODNRI Bulletin No. 10). [Working Paper]

Tropical livestock units

Mayanja, Maureen N., Rubaire-Akiiki, Chris, Greiner, Ted and Morton, John F. (2015) Characterising food insecurity in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda using a consumption coping strategy index. Pastoralism, 5 (11). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2041-7136 (Print), 2041-7136 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13570-015-0031-z)

tropical seed storage

O'Dowd, E.T., Kenneford, S.M., Bisbrown, A.J.K. and Farrington, J. (1988) A mathematical model, with cost implications, for predicting temperatures in seed stores (ODNRI Bulletin No. 16). [Working Paper]

tsetse

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

tsetse control

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

tuber

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

typology

Reed, Mark.S., Graves, Anil, Dandy, Norman, Posthumus, Helena, Hubacek, Klaus, Morris, Joe, Prell, Christina, Quinn, Claire H. and Stringer, Lindsay C. (2009) Who's in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5). pp. 1933-1949. ISSN 0301-4797 (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001)

Uganda

Blake, B.F. and Gordon, A. E. (1991) Report on a visit to Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Lake Victoria fishery and Tanzania fish kiln development. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cannon, Terry and Smith, David (2002) Uganda fieldwork case study synthesis report (NRI report no. 2701). [Working Paper]

Kaira, Charles K., Kleih, Ulrich K., Benmaamar, Mustapha, Kwamusi, Paul and Iga, Harriet (2002) Kick-start workshop on improved food crops marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Keizire, Boaz Blackie, Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries. A case study for Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Kwamusi, P., Kaira, C., Kleih, U., Iga, H. and Smith, D. (2003) Improved food crop marketing through appropriate transport for poor farmers in Uganda. Report of Golden Milestone Workshop in Igana, 2-4 July 2003 (NRI report no. 2765). Documentation. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Meadows, Kate F. (2001) Approach and methods used for preliminary field work in Uganda. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Morton, John, Livingstone, John K. and Mussa, Mohammed (2007) Legislators and livestock: pastoralist parliamentary groups in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Gatekeeper Series, 131 . International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, pp. 1-25. ISBN (ISSN) 1357-9258 ISSN 1357-9258

Morton, John F. (2010) The innovation trajectory of sleeping sickness control in Uganda: Research knowledge in its context (Discussion Paper 08). Discussion Paper. Research Into Use / UK Department for International Development (DFID), Edinburgh, Scotland.

Palmer, E. R. and Ganguli, S. (1985) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa from Uganda. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541975

Sanginga, Pascal C., Abenakyo, Annet, Kamugisha, Rick, Martin, Adrienne M. and Muzira, Robert (2010) Tracking outcomes of social capital and institutional innovations in natural resources management: Methodological issues and empirical evidence from participatory bylaw reform in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 711-725. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802192207)

Sanginga, Pascal C., Kamugisha, Rick N. and Martin, Adrienne M. (2010) Strengthening social capital for adaptive governance of natural resources: a participatory learning and action research for bylaws reforms in Uganda. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 23 (8). pp. 695-710. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920802653513)

Smith, David Rider (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods in Uganda (Literature overview). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Smith, David Rider (2001) Gender and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda. [Working Paper]

Smith, David Rider, Gordon, Ann, Meadows, Kate and Zwick, Karen (2001) Livelihood diversification in Uganda: patterns and determinants of change across two rural districts. Food Policy, 26 (4). pp. 421-435. ISSN 0306-9192 (doi:10.1016/S0306-9192(01)00012-4)

Zwick, Karen and Smith, David (2001) Access to rural non-farm livelihoods: Report of preliminary field work in Rakai District, Uganda. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Uncertainty

Lamboll, Richard, Martin, Adrienne, Sanni, Lateef, Adebayo, Kolawole, Graffham, Andrew, Kleih, Ulrich, Abayomi, Louise and Westby, Andrew (2018) Shaping, adapting and reserving the right to play. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8 (1). pp. 54-76. ISSN 2044-0839 (doi:10.1108/JADEE-03-2017-0036)

urban

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

urban agriculture

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Martin, Adrienne and Pound, Barry (1998) Report on a visit to South Africa to facilitate a participatory workshop for an urban agriculture project in Sobantu Village, KwaZulu-Natal, as part of the DfID funded project: "Support to the Institute of Natural Resources for institutional development in South Africa". [Working Paper]

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

urban farming

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

urban livelihoods

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

urban poor

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

urban poverty

Gordon, Ann, Davis, Junior, Long, Andrew and Meadows, Kate (2000) The role of natural resources in the livelihoods of the urban poor. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (9) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859545202

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

urban water management

Butterworth, J.A., Batchelor, C., Moriarty, P., Schouten, T., Da Silva, C., Verhagen, J., Bury, P.J., Sutherland, A., Manning, N., Darteh, B., Dziegielewska-Geitz, M. and Eckart, J. (2009) Building more effective partnerships for innovation in urban water management. In: Water and Urban Development Paradigms: Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches. CRC Press / Taylor & Francis, London. UK, pp. 557-565. ISBN 9780415483346 (print), 9780203884102 (electronic) (doi:10.1201/9780203884102.fmatt)

urban-rural linkages

Morton, John, Solecki, William, Dasgupta, Purnamita, Dodman, David and Rivera-Ferre, Marta G. (2014) Cross-chapter box on urban–rural interactions – context for climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation. In: Field, C. and Barros, V., (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 153-155. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

utilisation

Pritchard, M., Gordon, A., Patterson, G. and Gray, A. (1996) Utilization of small pelagic fish species in Asia. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544672

value chain analysis

Ashok, M.S., Clucas, I.J., Greenhalgh, P., Oudwater, N., Salagrama, V., Supkar, R. and Vivekanandan, V. (2001) Report of inception workshop on globalisation and seafood trade legislation: The impact on poverty in India. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bedford, Ally, Blowfield, Mick, Burnett, Duncan and Greenhalgh, Peter (2002) Value chains: lessons from Kenya tea and Indonesia cocoa sectors. Summary (The Resource Centre In Focus series 3). Technical Report. Resource Centre for Social Dimensions of Business Practice, London, UK.

Bennett, C. J. and Watson, I. G. (1991) Report on a mission to Thailand and Bangladesh, 11 March - 12 April 1991 to conduct a socio-economic survey of aquaculture and feed utilisation. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Oudwater, Nicoliene, Greenhalgh, Peter and Clucas, Ivor (2002) Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Papadopulos, V. and Gordon, Ann (1997) Non-timber tree products: A partial inventory of products available in the Mount Cameroon area. NRI Socio-economic Series, 11 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544656

Tallontire, Anne, Opondo, Maggie, Nelson, Valerie and Martin, Adrienne (2009) Beyond the vertical? Using value chains and governance as a framework to analyse private standards initiatives in agri-food chains. Agriculture and Human Values, 28 (3). pp. 427-441. ISSN 0889-048X (Print), 1572-8366 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10460-009-9237-2)

value chain analysisit

Goodland, Andrew (2001) Paddy marketing and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh (Final technical report). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

value chains

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

McLeod, Anni, Ajmone Marsan, Paolo, Dunham, Rex, Fitzpatrick, Julie, Morton, John, Udén, Peter and von Sury, Felix (2016) Evaluation of the CGIAR research program on livestock and fish. Technical Report. Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) of the CGIAR, Rome, Italy.

Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Ewert, Joachim (2007) The impacts of codes of practice on worker livelihoods: empirical evidence from the South African wine and Kenyan cut flower industries. Journal of Corporate Citizenship (28). pp. 61-72. ISSN 1470-5001

veterinary drugs

Morton, John F. (2011) 'Responsible companies' and African livestock-keepers: acting, teaching but not learning? In: International Conference on the Future of Pastoralism, 21-23 Mar 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (Unpublished)

Vietnam

Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004) Policy research - implications of liberalisation of fish trade for developing countries: synthesis report. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam: (3) Background notes. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Vinyungu

Kassian, Lucy, Tenywa, Moses, Liwenga, Emma T., Wellard Dyer, Kate and Bamutaze, Yazidhi (2016) Implication of climate change and variability on stream flow in Iringa region, Tanzania. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 8 (2). pp. 336-347. ISSN 2040-2244 (doi:10.2166/wcc.2016.238)

voluntary standards

Tallontire, Anne, Nelson, Valerie, Dixon, Jami and Benton, Tim G. (2012) A review of the literature and knowledge of standards and certification systems in agricultural production and farming systems (NRI working paper series on sustainability standards No. 2). [Working Paper]

Voluntary Sustainability Standards

Kumar, R., Nelson, V., Martin, A., Badal, D., Latheef, A., Suresh Reddy, B., Narayanan, L., Young, S. and Hartog, M. (2016) Evaluation of the early impacts of the better cotton initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, India: Baseline report. ISEAL Alliance, London.

vulnerability

Dasgupta, Purnamita, Morton, John, Dodman, David, Karapinar, Barış, Meza, Francisco, Rivera-Ferre, Marta G., Toure Sarr, Aissa and Vincent, Katharine E. (2014) Rural areas. In: Field, C and Barros, V, (eds.) Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, pp. 613-657. ISBN 978-1-107-64165-5

Morton, John F. (2010) Development for the world's mobile pastoralists: understanding, challenges and responses. In: Inaugural Professorial Lecture, 7Jul 2010, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

Morton, John F. (2007) The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistence agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (50). pp. 19680-19685. ISSN 0027-8424 (doi:10.1073/pnas.0701855104)

Water

Abraham, Ernest and Martin, Adrienne (2016) Understanding households’ livelihood choices, wealth, and poverty in Accra, Ghana. Development in Practice, 26 (3). pp. 387-402. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614524.2016.1150417)

Abraham, Ernest Mensah, Martin, Adrienne, Cofie, Olufunke and Raschid-Sally, Liqa (2016) Perceptions, attitudes and behaviours toward urban surface water quality in Accra, Ghana. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 27 (5). pp. 491-506. ISSN 1477-7835 (doi:10.1108/MEQ-07-2015-0122)

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 1 of 2). [Working Paper]

King, R.B., Baillie, I.C., Abell, T.M.B., Dunsmore, J.R., Gray, D.A., Pratt, J.H., Versey, H.R., Wright, A.C.S. and Zisman, S.A. (1992) Land resource assessment of Northern Belize (NRI Bulletin 43, Volume 2 of 2). [Working Paper]

water conservation

Marder, R. C. (1994) Visit to India to evaluate the use of hydrocyclones for water conservation and effluent reduction in the cassava starch and sago industry. [Working Paper]

water development

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

water management

Barton, David, Morton, John and Hendy, Cary (2001) Drought contingency planning for pastoral livelihoods. Natural Resources Institute Policy Series (15) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545377

Water resources

Joshua, Miriam K., Ngongondo, Cosmo, Monjerezi, Maurice, Chipungu, Fellistus, Liwenga, Emma, Majule, Amos, Stathers, Tanya and Lamboll, Richard (2016) Climate change in semi-arid Malawi: perceptions, adaptation strategies and water governance: original research. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 8 (3). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1421 (Print), 2072-845X (Online) (doi:10.4102/jamba.v8i3.255)

Welfare

Katic, Pamela Giselle (2014) Groundwater spatial dynamics and endogenous well location. Water Resources Management, 29 (1). pp. 181-196. ISSN 0920-4741 (Print), 1573-1650 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11269-014-0834-5)

Sparks, N.H.C., Conroy, M.A. and Sandilands, V. (2008) Socio-economic drivers for UK organic pullet rearers and the implications for poultry health. British Poultry Science, 49 (5). pp. 525-532. ISSN 0007-1668 (Print), 1466-1799 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00071660802290416)

Western Cape

Meadows, Kate (2000) The social and institutional aspects of urban agriculture in the Cape Flats, Western Cape, South Africa. [Working Paper]

wetlands

Rouquette, J.R., Posthumus, H., Morris, J., Hess, T.M., Dawson, Q.L. and Gowing, D.J.G. (2011) Synergies and trade-offs in the management of lowland rural floodplains: an ecosystem services approach / Synergies et arbitrages dans la gestion des plaines d'inondation rurales: une approche écosystémique des services. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56 (8). pp. 1566-1581. ISSN 0262-6667 (Print), 2150-3435 (Online) (doi:10.1080/02626667.2011.629785)

wind force

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 1. Wind forces on emergency storage structures (ODNRI Bulletin No. 23). [Working Paper]

wind load

O'Dowd, E.T. (1989) Supplement to ODNRI Bulletin No. 10 - An evaluation of structures suitable for emergency storage in tropical countries 1. Wind forces on emergency storage structures (ODNRI Bulletin No. 23). [Working Paper]

women

Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Posthumus, Helena (2015) Cassava market development: a path to women’s empowerment or business as usual? Food Chain, 5 (1-2). pp. 11-27. ISSN 2046-1879 (Print), 2046-1887 (Online) (doi:10.3362/2046-1887.2015.003)

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Gender and drylands governance: Empowering women for change. UNDP, UNCCD, Greenwich.

Forsythe, Lora, Morton, John, Nelson, Valerie, Quan, Julian, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Strengthening dryland women's land rights: local contexts, global change. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

Forsythe, Lora, Nyamanda, Mala, Mbachi Mwangwela, Agnes and Bennett, Ben (2015) Beliefs, taboos and minor crop value chains: the case of Bambara Groundnut in Malawi. Food, Culture and Society, 18 (3). pp. 501-517. ISSN 1552-8014 (Print), 1751-7443 (Online) (doi:10.1080/15528014.2015.1043112)

Forsythe, Lora, Posthumus, Helena and Martin, Adrienne (2016) A crop of one's own? Women’s experiences of cassava commercialization in Nigeria and Malawi. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1 (2):2. pp. 110-128. ISSN 2413-922X (Online)

Forsythe, Lora and Wellard, Kate (2014) Executive summary of final evaluation: ActionAid women’s right to land. Project Report. University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Najjingo Mangheni, Margaret, Ekirikubinza-Tibatemwa, Lillian and Forsythe, Lora (2010) Gender issues in agricultural education within African universities. Discussion Paper. Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), Kampala, Uganda.

Nelson, Valerie, Forsythe, Lora and Morton, John (2015) Synthesis of thematic papers from the series ‘Women’s empowerment in the drylands. UNCCD and UNDP, Greenwich.

Nelson, Valerie, Morton, John, Forsythe, Lora, Martin, Adrienne and Hartog, Maaike (2015) Achieving dryland women's empowerment: environmental resilience and social transformation. UNCCD, UNDP, Greenwich.

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

wood burning

Robinson, A.P. (1991) The design and development of a suspension burner system for particulate forestry and agricultural residues (NRI Bulletin No. 41). [Working Paper]

wood cement

Flynn, G. and Hawkes, A. J. (1980) An industrial profile of wood wool/cement slab manufacture. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541193

wood wool

Flynn, G. and Hawkes, A. J. (1980) An industrial profile of wood wool/cement slab manufacture. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541193

woodwool

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

woodwool manufacture

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

workers

Nelson, Valerie, Martin, Adrienne and Ewert, Joachim (2007) The impacts of codes of practice on worker livelihoods: empirical evidence from the South African wine and Kenyan cut flower industries. Journal of Corporate Citizenship (28). pp. 61-72. ISSN 1470-5001

World Wide Fund for Nature in India

Kumar, Ravinder (2010) Developing a Policy Framework for Promoting Better Management Practices in Four Cotton States in India. [Working Paper]

Yemen

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Abdul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume I: main report). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Pound, Barry, Martin, Adrienne, Qadr, Addul and Mukred, Abdul Wahed (2006) Livelihoods analysis of landmine affected communities in Yemen (Volume 2: annexes 1-11). Project Report. Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Geneva, Switzerland.

Zambia

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

Nelson, Valerie (2000) Zambia feeder roads research project rural transport policy toolkit: Livelihoods profile for North and Luapula provinces. [Working Paper]

O'Reilly, C. and Gordon, A. (1995) Survival strategies of poor women in urban Africa: The case of Zambia. NRI Socio-economic Series, 10 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544044

Stringfellow, Rachel (1996) Smallholder outgrower schemes in Zambia. [Working Paper]

Zimbabwe

Anderson, I. P., Brinn, P. J., Moyo, M. and Nyamwanza, B. (1993) Physical resource inventory of the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe - An overview (NRI Bulletin 60). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543404 ISSN 0952-8245

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Martin, Adrienne, Oudwater, Nicoliene and Meadows, Kate (2000) Urban agriculture and the livelihoods of the poor in Southern Africa: Case studies from Cape Town and Pretoria, South Africa and Harare, Zimbabwe. [Working Paper]

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

Quan, Julian F. (1997) Issues in African land policy: Experiences from Southern Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544869

This list was generated on Sat Apr 21 14:40:39 2018 BST.