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Items where Faculty / Department / Research Groups is "Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department"

Items where Faculty / Department / Research Groups is "Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department"

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'NASPOT 11' (2R (2S (3Z • 6Z • 9Z)-heneicosatriene (3Z • 6Z)-cis-9 (E (E)-2-hexenyl butyrate (E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal (R)-2-nonyl butyrate (R)-3-hydroxy-2-hexanone (S (S )-2-hydroxy-3-decanone (Z (Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene 10- 10-epoxyheneicosadiene 11-tetradecadienyl acetate 12 15-pentacosapentaene 15N natural abundance method 2-acetoxy-5-undecanone 2-acetoxyundecane 2-arylbenzofurans 2-undecanol 2-undecanone 2-Undecyloxy-1-ethanol 3 dihydroxyoctane 3-hydroxy-2-decanone 3d 3D tracking 4-methylguaiacol 6 8Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene 8Z)-2-butyroxy-8-heptadecene(2S 8Z)-8-heptadecen-2-ol 9 A. corpulentus A. gallagheri A. guineensis A. importunus A. mitchelli A. sciangallorum A. socotrensis A/H1N1influenza AB SOLiD ABA ABA-GE above-ground store Aboveground biomass abscisic acid Acacia cyanophylla acaricidal efficacy Acetaldehyde Acetylcholinesterase Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli Acomys Aconitum acoustic behaviour acoustic distortion acridae acrididae acridinae acromyrmex Actellic Super Dust Action research Activity rhythms Actographs Acyrthosiphon pisum adaptation adaptive behaviour adaptive capacity adaptive resource management adoption and dissemination or diffusion of technology adventitious roots aerial migration aerial sampling aerial spraying Aerial trapping studies aerobiology aerosol insecticide Aethomys Africa African agriculture African armyworm African Barred Owlet African crop pests African farming African horse sickness african soil African Trypanosomiasis African wild yobacco African Yam Bean Ageratum conyzoides Ageratum yellow vein virus (AJ810825) Aggregate distribution aggregation pheromone Agri-environmental monitoring agricultural development agricultural extension services agricultural fields agricultural innovation systems (AIS) agricultural intensification agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors agricultural productivity agricultural research Agricultural research for development (AR4D) agricultural technology Agriculture agro-ecosystems agro-pastoralism agrochemical agrochemicals Agroecology agroforest Agroforestry agroforestry systems agromorphological trait agronomy agropastoralism agropastoralists Agrotis ipsilon Agrotis segetum alata alder Alectra Aleyrodes lonicerae Aleyrodes proletella Aleyrodidae alkaloid content Herbivory Alkaloids alla Allochronic speciation allomones almost periodic solution Alnus orientalis Alphabaculovirus alpine flowers Alternate wetting and drying Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) aman rice amitermes AMOVA An. coluzzii (M form) analysis analytic network process anemohoria anemohydrochoria angiosperms animal animal migration animal orientation strategies Annobón Annual crop Anobiidae Anopheles Anopheles arabiensis Anopheles balabacensis Anopheles coluzzii Anopheles gambiae Anopheles gambiae (S form) Anopheles gambiae s.s Anopheles quadriannulatus Anoplophora glabripennis ant anthesis Anthodiaeta Anthonomus rubi anthropophilic antibacterial antifungal antileishmanial activity aphid aphid sitobion-avenae aphid-transmitted potyvirus aphids flight behaviour apis mellifera APOC Apoidea application aquatic animals aquatic insects aqueous fruit extracts aqueous plant extracts Arabia Arabidopsis armyworm armyworm moth arrestant arrestment Arsenophonus Artemisia Artemisia annua Artemisinin arthropods artificial diet Arvicanthis Arylbenzofuran ash Asia Asian assessment assessment methods assessment mothodology assessment technique Asuncion Atmospheric Turbulence atmospheric dispersal atmospheric dispersion models atmospheric transport Attractant attractant baits Attractants attracticide attraction attractor Auchenorrhyncha augmentation Augmentation order Augmentation quantity Augmentation times Autographa gamma autoSNP Average treatment effect aversion avian malaria parasites avicide axillary shoot multiplication Azadirachta B value bacilliform virus Bacillus thuringiensis Backward bifurcation bacterial diversity bacterial leaf blight bacterial wilt Bactericera cockerelli Baculovirus baculoviruses Badna-PCR badnavirus bagstacks bait technique baited traps baits baker's yeast BALB/c mice bamboo masting banana banana bunchy top disease banana bunchy top virus banana-streak-virus Bandicota bands Bangaladesh Bangladesh Barbados Barind Tract bats Bayesian BBTV Bead array bean common mosaic potyvirus bean virus beans bee vision bees begomorovirus begomovirus begomoviruses behavior behaviour Belize Bemisia afer Bemisia after Bemisia tabaci Bemisia tabaci whitefly species beneficial insect predators beneficiary Benin benomyl resistance benzofurans Benzyl 2-hydroxy-6-methoxybenzoate Best Management Practices Betabaculovirus Beverton-Holt equations Beverton–Holt model Bi-threshold value Biannual bibliography biconical trap Biennial bearing Bifenthrin bifurcation Biochar biodiversity biodiversity conservation Bioflows biofortification biogeography Bioinformatics Bioko Biological control biological control agents biological pesticides Biomass production Weed control Grain yield Nutrient uptake Soil organic carbon DayCent model biometric Biopesticide biopesticides biopores Biorational pest management biosafety biosafety level biosynthesis Biotechnology biotic factors Biotransformation biotype biotypes bird pest bird pest control bird predation bird species birds Bisabolene bishop Bistability biting flies Biting midges Biting rates black bean aphid Black Gram Husk Black Kite black Sigatoka blackcurrant blindness blood parasites bluetongue bluetongue virus boardmaking bobgunnia bobgunnia madagascariensis Bolivia Bombus Bombus terrestris Borneo Boron bostrichidae Botanical insecticide botanical insecticides Botanical pesticide Botanical products botanicals botany Botrytis gray mold Botswana Boundary function brasicca brassica crops Brassica oleracea Brassicas breeding Breteau index Brindley’s gland Britain British Ornithologists' Union British Ornithologists’ Union Broad-spectrum herbicides Brood diseases broomrape brown locust brown planthopper brown rust brown streak virus bruchid bruchid beetles bruchids Bryocoropsis laticollis Bt cotton Bt-cotton Bt-crops Buchnera hispida bud break Bud weevils bumblebee Bumblebees Burkina Faso Bursaphelenchus xylophilus butterflies physiology Butyrylcholinesterase by-catch Bycatch BYMV Byturus tomentosus C hain reaction C. brunneus Fabricius C3 C4 Ca.P. prunorum Ca.P. pyri CAAPD Cabbage Whitefly cabbage whitefly caffeic acid ester caffeine calactin calcium ions Callosobruchus Callosobruchus maculatus calotropin Cambium Cameroon cameroon volcanic line Campesino Canard cycle Candidatus Phytoplasma mali canna canned fish capacity building and stakeholder organisation capture–mark–recapture Carbon budgets carbon dioxide carbon footprinting carbon sequestration carbon stocks carbon storage Caribbean carlavirus carnivores carotenoids Cassava Cassava brown streak disease cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) cassava exchange cassava flour cassava mosaic cassava mosaic disease cassava mosaic virus disease cassava mosaic viruses cassava mosaic-virus cassave mosaic disease Cassia sophera casting Catch crops cattle cattle ticks cauliflower-mosaic-virus CBL CBSD CBSD and CMD CBSD resistance CBSV CBSVs CCA Cecidomyiidae Cell cycle Cell division Cell expansion cement slab manufacture cement slabs cement-lined pit Cerambycidae Ceratopogonidae cereal aphids cereal crop Cereal crops cereals Certification Chad Change Chaos characteristic characteristics checklist chemical control chemical defence Chemical defense chemical ecology Chemical weed control Chemotype chemovar chickpea chilling Chilo polychrysa chiral sex pheromone Chirality chlorophyll fluorescence cholinesterases Chromsosomes chrysanthemum gall midge Chrysoperla carnea cicadulina cicer cicer arietinum cicerfuran CIMBAA CIMMYT circadian activity Circadian rhythms cissus quadrangularis Citrus CJ Atkinson classification Clavigralla tomentosicollis clay-lined pit climate climate change climate change and variability climate exposure Climate factors climate forecast climate sensitivity Climatic zone Clitostethus arcuatus closed‑tube reverse transcription loop‑mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP) Closteroviridae Cluster analysis Cluster oscillation CMBs duplex and multiplex RT-PC CMD CO2 CO2 reduction coat protein gene sequences Cochin Cochliomyia hominivorax cocoa cocoa swollen shoot disease coexistence Coffea arabica coffee coffee agroforestry Coffee morphology coffee quality coffee white stem borer Coffee yield cold storage Coleoptera coleoptera apionidae Colloidal gold color space colour colour constancy colour hexagon colour vision common mosaic virus community conservation compensation competition competitive system Complete genome complex dynamics complexes congruence coniesta ignefusalis connectivity Conopomorpha cramerella Conservation Conservation agriculture conservation implications conservation status constraints contact and fumigant toxicity Contact angle Container production containment contaminated environment contamination Contraceptive bait control control method controlled release Conversion Processes cooperative breeding corn-rootworm coleoptera coroglaucigenin cost-effective protocols Cote d'Ivoire Cotinus Cotton cotton bollworm cotton plant coumaric Cover crop Cover crops cowpea cowpea weevil crinivirus Crithidia Critical glucose threshold crocodiles crop crop biotechnology crop damage crop damage assessment crop husbandry crop loss crop management crop pest crop pests crop production Crop protection crop protection practices Crop Protection Programme crop suitability modeling crop virus crop yield crop yields crop-loss assessment cropping systems crops croton (Codiaeum variegatum L croton leaf curl virus (CrLCuV) crustaceans Cry1B/Cry1C cryptic species cryptotermes cucurbits Culex modestus Culex mosquitoes Culex quinquefasciatus Culicidae Culicoides cultivar cultivars cultivation cultural control cultured fish culturing Cumulative effect curing cutworm Cyclin D3 cyclohexane epoxides Cylas cylas brunneus cylas puncticollis Cylas puncticollis Boheman cynanchum Cypermethrin Cyperus difformis Cyprus cytochrome b Cytochrome oxidase cytochrome oxidase I gene cytochromoe oxidase I gene cytogenetics cytokinins Cytospecies distribution cytotoxic activity Czech damage damage threshold damnosum Dar es Salaam Dasineura gleditchiae database DDT death death-watch beetle deathwatch beetle deathwatch beetle Xestobium rufovillosum Anobiidae selection behavior photo-response behavior Deathwatch beetle Xestobium rufovillosum Coleoptera Anobiidae Quercus sp. host selection behaviour chemo-orientation behaviour oviposition timber pest wood-decaying fungi Donkioporia expansa Decarbonisation Defense deficiency Degraded land and soils deguelin delay delayed response to pesticide application deltamethrin Democratic Republic of Congo Demonax balyi Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) Dengue disease density density dependence desert desert locust Detection Detector deterrence threshold developing countries development development rates Development uptake dhal Diabetes diagnosis Diagnostic diagnostic assay Diagnostic studies Diagnostic Test Diagnostics Diamondback moth Diaphorina citri Dicymbe altsoni Diels–Alder adduct diet diet diversity difference tones dihydroflavonol Dioscorea Dioscorea rotundata Dioscorea spp. Dioscorea yam Diptera direct-seeded rice direct-seeding discrete Euler-Lagrange equation Discrete model Discrete switching system disease disease management disease resistance Disease spread disease vectors diseases Dispensers dispersal Dispersion disruption Distantiella theobroma distortion products distribution distribution map disturbance divergence diversification diversity Djodji form dna DNA bar-coding DNA barcoding DNA extraction DNA probes DNA satellite molecules dna substitution dna viruses dolichos yellow mosaic disease dormancy induction Double Haploid Double hurdle model Dover Doxycycline draught animals DRC drift drift compensation drop-catching Drosophila-santomea drought drought acclimation drought management Drought tolerance Duality durability duranta leaf Durban Dynamic complexity dynamic model Dynamic threshold E E)-9 EACMZV EAG early warning systems East Africa East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus East Anglia UK eastern Africa eastern province EBRM Echinochloa colona echinochloa crusgalli ecological monitoring ecological niche ecological niche modelling ecological resources ecological services Ecologically-based management Ecologically-based rodent management ecology economic economic analysis economic issue economic threshold economy ecosystem ecosystem services ecosystem based adaptation Ecosystem processes Ecosystem services Ecosystems ecotoxicology edge-following edible fish effect egg development Egg laying egg parasitoids electric nets electroantennography Electrocuting traps electron microscopy Electrophysiology elimination ELISA embarkation behaviours emerging disease epidemics emerging diseases emigration Emissions enantiomers enantioselectivity endemic endogenous Endogenous Dioscorea bacilliform virus endogenous pararetroviral sequences (EPRVs) Endogenous pararetrovirus Endogenous pararetrovirus (EPRV) Endogenous pararetroviruses endogenous rhythm endophagic endophilic endosulfan entomological radar entomological radars entomology entomopathogenic bacteria entomopathogenic fungi entomopathogenic fungus Entomopathogenic nematodes entomopathogenic virus entomopathogens environment environment health Environmental factors environmental change environmental impact Environmental variables environmentally friendly pest control epidemiology epidermis epiphenomenon Episomal badnavirus Equatorial Guinea Equilibrium equipment list Erythrina poepiggiana Espiritu Santo establishment esterase ethanol ethers Ethiopia ethno-ecology ethnobotanicals Ethnobotany Etho Vision Ethylene EU review eucalyptus Eucalyptus camaldulensis Eucalyptus gomphocephala Eucalyptus grandis Eucalyptus saligna euprepoptera Europe european market European Union Eurygaster integriceps Evolution evolution and adaptation evolution of dispersal evolutionary divergences existence exophagic exophilic explosions export expression extension eyprepocnemidinae F2 Individual faba bean Fabaceae fallow land Farm network survey farmer Farmer Field School farmer participation farmers farming farming system Farming systems research Farming Systems Research (FSR) Farming systems research (FSR)Agricultural knowledge and information systems (AKIS) fecundity feeding behaviour fengxiao fenthion Fenvalerate fermentation fertigation fertilisers fertility Fertility control fertilizer field activity Field performance field screening field trapping fight behavior filarial nematodes filariasis Filippov model Filippov system fish fish export fish products fisheries fishing fitness costs Fitness effects flavanones flavonol glycosides flavonol pentaglycosides flight flight ability Flight altitude flight behaviour flight orientation flight pattern flight periodicity flooding flooding stress floral colour floral initiation floral reflectance Flow sensing Flow sorting flower chafer flower colour flower colour database flower pigment Flowerpeckers Food additives food aid Food consumption food microbiology Food Science food security foraging foraging behaviour foraging flights forecast forecast verification forecasting forest forest plantation forestry Formulation formulation laboratory Forsythia fragaria X ananassa fragmented habitat framework France Fraxinus Free-flight frequency matching frequency tuning frozen fish fruit Fuel Fumigant toxicity fumigation fungal metabolite fungal pathogen Fusarium wilt G. m. morsitans G. morsitans G. pallidipes Gall Gammabaculovirus Gas chromatography gas chromatography-electroantennographic recording gas exchange geminiviridae geminivirus Geminivirus diversity geminiviruses gender Gene content variation Gene expansion Gene family Gene loss gene silencing gene x environment interaction generalized equilibrium genetic diversity genetic enhancement Genetic erosion genetic gain Genetic manipulation Genetic modification Genetic modification . Genetic engineering . Plant breeding . Food security . Disease resistance . Developing countries . Biosafety genetic variability genome genome assembly genome diversity genome sequences Genome sequencing Genome-wide Recombination Genotype × environment interaction Genotype × environment interactions genotypes genotyping by sequencing Geo-statistics Geographic distribution geographical range Geometridae Gerbilliscus Gerbilliscus vicinus Germacrene-D Germany germination germplasm GFLV Ghana gibberellic acid GIS Giving up density Glanville fritillary Glanville fritillary butterfly Gleditsia triacanthos global analysis global asymptotic stability global dynamics global stability globalisation Glossina Glossina fuscipes Glossina fuscipes fuscipes Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Newstead) Glossina fuscipes spp. Glossina morsitans Glossina morsitans centralis Glossina morsitans morsitans Glossina pallidipes Glossina palpalis Glossina palpalis gambiensis Glossina spp Glucose infusion Glucose-insulin system Glufosinate Glyphosate GM cotton gm foods GM plant GMO gomphocarpus Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) graduation grain grain harvest grain loss Grain protein concentration grain storage grain yield grain-eating birds Grandlure I Grandlure II Granger test Granulovirus Graphiurus grass grasshopper grasshoppes Grayanoid diterpene grayanotoxin grayanotoxins green lacewings green revolution greenhouse greenhouse gas emissions Grey Parrot ground spraying groundnut rosette groundnut rosette disease Growth Growth vigor GUD GUI Guignardia citricarpa Gulf of Guinea Guyana habitat habitats HACCP haematophagy haemoglobin haemoparasites Hand weeding handling haplotype haplotypes harmonic radar harmonic radar tracking harvest loss harvest yield harvesting operations Hawaii health health benefits hearing Hedydipna height Helicoverpa helicoverpa armigera Helicoverpa zea Heliodinidae heliothinae heliothinae classification helopeltis theivora helopeltis theobromae Hemiptera Hemiptera Heteroptera herbal medicine Herbicidal Herbicides heteracris Heteroptera Heteroptera: Miridae Heteropteran bugs heterosis Heterozygous SNPs hexadecatrienyl acetates hexadecyl estersoctadecyl esters Hexyl butyrate HFMD hibiscus high altitude flight High Barind Tract high-altitude High-flying insects Histeridae Holling type II predator-prey model Holling’s disc equation homo-γ-bisabolene homoptera Homoptera cicadellidae Honduras hondurensis honey bees honey locust gall midge honeybee hordeum vulgare horsegram horses horticulture host host specificity Host age preference Host choice host odour host odour attractant host odours host outbreak host plant host plant resistance host plant volatiles host preference host races host range host selection host selection behaviour host sex pheromones host stimuli Host-odours host-plant resistance Host-seeking Host-seeking vectors host–parasitoid model host–parasitoid ratio house finches houses HPLC HT rice human African trypanosomiasis Human blood index humid climate hybridisation hybrids hydrology hydroxycinnamic acid Hypsipyla grandella I gene ICT identification Illumina image analysis Imidazolinone immunocompetence Immunosorbent electron microscopy immunotherapy impact Impact assessment imperata cyclindrica imperata cylindrica imprecise Lévy-flight improved cassava varieties impulse impulsive difference equations impulsive harvesting impulsive set impulsive single-species model in situ conservation In vitro in vitro regeneration In vivo in-vitro Inaugural lecture incidence income income generation incongruence India Indian Jatropha Mosaic Disease indigenous indigenous communities Indigenous knowledge indirect transmission Indonesia induced resistance infection infectious clone Infestation level Inflorescence stem Inga Inga laurina initial density inland valley inland valleys Innovations Insect Insect hearing insect baheviour insect behaviour insect control insect diseases insect foraging novelty aversion insect hearing insect layer insect layering insect layers insect migrants insect migration insect navigation insect orientation insect pest insect pests Insect resistance Insect resistance management insect vector insect vectors insect vision insect-monitoring radar insect-resistant crops Insecticidal Insecticidal botanicals insecticide insecticide alternatives insecticide resistance insecticide-treated cattle insecticide-treated targets insects Insulin injection integral equation model Integrated assessment (Participatory)research methods integrated crop management integrated pest management integrated weed management Integration interaction Interception intercropping international development interspecific interspecific breeding Interspecific hybrid interspecific rice Interval number Intervention Intraspecific and interspecific competition Response surface design Resource partitioning Facilitation Relative dominance Land equivalency ratio (LER) intraspecific communication invasion ecology Invasive Alien plants Invasiveness Ion Torrent IPM ipomoea Ipomoea batatas Ipomovirus Ipsdienone Iraq IRM irrigated lowland irrigated rice irrigated system rehabilitation irrigation irrigation development Irrigation scheduling Irrigation systems Ishtirak project islands isoflavonoid isomers isoptera Isothermal amplification isothermal moisture diffusion Italy Ivermectin Ivory Coast Jamaica japanese encephalitis-virus Johnston’s organ Ka-band Kaempferia rotunda kairomone Kairomones kalotermitidae karate karyotypes Kent Kenya kinesis kinetic Kumasi L-Ascorbic acid L. major L. tropica laboratory rearing laboratory services labour and livelihoods labour division Lagrangian stochastic models Lambda cyhalothrin Lamiinae land use land use change land-use change Landraces Landscape of fear landscape planning large grain borer larger grain borer larva Larvae larval wound fluid larviciding Lateral-flow-immunoassay Latin America Lavandulol leaf aqueous extract leaf area leaf curl leaf curl disease leaf curl virus Leaf hairs leaf miners leaf weevil Leaf wettability leaf-cutting ant legislation legume legume virus Legumes leguminosae Leishmania Leishmania aethiopica Lemniscomys length difference test lentil lepidoptera lepidoptera noctuidae Leptosphaeria maculans Leptospira serovar leptospirosis Leptospirosis diagnosis Levonorgestrel liberia lidar life sciences life-history strategies life-history traits lifecycle Lifecycle assessment lignification Lima-bean pod borer limit cycle Liocoris tripustulatus Lippia javanica liquid-chromatography livelihood livelihoods livelihoods diversification livestock feed lizards LLIN – Multivariable logistic regression – Ownership – SSA – Utilization lobopoma local communities local knowledge locomotion Locomotion compensator locomotory behaviour locust locust control Locustana pardalina locusts long-distance nocturnal migration longevity loose smut loss Low input production lowland Lowlands Luminex lure optimisation lure-and-kill Lyapunov function Lycopersicon Lycopersicon esculentum Lygocoris pabulinus Lygus bugs Lygus pratensis Lygus rugulipennis Lévy flights M molecular form M. fallax M. natalensis Macaque maintenance Maize maize streak maize streak disease malaise Malaria malaria vector malarial mosquito Malawi Malaysia male sex pheromone Mali mammalian toxicity management management of diseases management programs Manihot esculenta Map maps marigold marker validation Markers market marketing markets Maruca vitrata Mass estimation mass production biopesticides mass screening mass spectrometry mass trapping mastomy Mastomys Mastomys natalensis mastomys-natalensis mathematical model Mathematical modeling mathematical modelling mathematical models Mating Mating behaviour mating compatibility mating disruption Mating swarms Matlab matric potentials MAXENT maximum residue level maximum sustainable yield mechanical weed control mechanical weeders medicinal plants Megalurothrips sjostedti Melitaea cinxia meloid blister beetle Meloidogyne chitwoodi Meloidogyne incognita memory Coffea meso-carnivore Meta-analysis metabolism metacommunity Metarhizium methodology methods methods and techniques Methyl 2-hydroxy-6-methoxybenzoate Methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate Methyl 3-hydroxybenzoate Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate methyl bromide Methyl salicylate mice Microbial control microbiology microbiota micronutrients Microplitis similis microsatellite DNA Microscopic agglutination test Middle East middle niger valley midge blight Migrant insects migrant pests Migrating animals migration migration flight behaviour Migration strategies migration syndrome migratory pest millet millet head miner millet stem borer minerals Minirhizotrons Mirid Miridae Miscanthus mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (mtCOI)DNA mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I DNA mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene mitochondrial DNA mitochondrial genome mixta Mmethyl salicylate mobility model model law modelling moisture diffusion moisture ingress profile molecular biology molecular diversity molecular genetics molecular genetics (Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics) molecular markers molecular phylogenetics molecular species diagnosis Molecular Targets and Activities molecular variability molluscs monarch butterfly monitoring Monochaminae Monochamus galloprovincialis monochoria vaginalis monophyly Morphological form morphology mosaic disease mosaic-virus Mosquito Mosquito augmentation Mosquito behaviour Mosquito control Mosquito sampling mosquitoes moths moths physiology mould Mountain Pine Ridge movement movement patterns Moxidectin Mozambique Mucuna multi-disciplinary multi-response modelling multi-stakeholder Multimammate rat multiple mating Multiple pesticide applications Multiple stressors Multiplex Mus Musa spp. Myanmar mycorrhizal association Mycosphaerella dearnessii mycotoxicology system mycotoxin Myrcenone mythimna separata (walker) myzus-persicae homoptera N supply N use efficiency nagana to cattle Nam Dam Namibia NASPOT 11 sweet potato cultivar (Tomulabula) natural disaster natural enemies natural enemy natural resource management natural resources Natural Resources Institute NDVI Nectar nectar chemistry Nectar larceny Nectar toxin neglected disease Neglected disease in Africa Nematicidal nematodes neonicotinoid NEPAD Nepal NERICA NERICA rice cultivars NERICA rice varieties nested-PCR network neural-motor activity New Delhi virus New Rice for Africa (NERICA) Nghe An Nghi Loc NGS niche Nicholson-Bailey model Nicotiana Nicotiana africana Nigeria nilaparvata-lugens stal nimbacris nitrogen Nitrogen accumulation Nitrogen depleted environment nitrogen mineralization Nitrogen use efficiency nitrous oxide nivea NMR no till noctuid moths Noctuidae nocturnal nocturnal boundary layer non-farm Non-food crops Non-overlapping generation non-target birds and reptiles non-target organisms non-target species nonlinear pulse nonsmooth predator–prey model norisoprenoids Nosema NRI Radar Entomology Unit Nucleopolyhedrovirus nucleotide-sequence Nutrient accumulation Nutrient acquisition strategies nutrient balance Nutrient concentration nutrient recycling nutrients nutrition O. glaberrima O. sativa Occupational disease occurrence octenols odour bait odour baits odour-baited insecticide odour-mediated orientation odours oedaleus senegalensis old world bollworm olfaction olfactometer Onchocerca volvulus onchocerciasis onchocerciasis control program One Health Optical mapping Optimal bait Optimal harvesting policy optimal search strategy optimal searching strategy optimum timing Optomotor responses oral toxicity orange-fleshed cultivars order-k periodic solution Organ size organic organic manure organophosphate pesticides organophosphate sprays oriental armyworm orientation orientation behaviour orientation cue Orientation cues ornamental croton ornamental plant quality ornamental tree ornithology Orobanchaceae Orobanche orthochtha orthoptera Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Oryza sativa L Oryza sativa L. Oryza spp. Oum Hadjer outbreak outbreak frequency outbreak peaking times outbreaks overseas development Ovipositing vectors Oviposition oviposition deterrent OXFAM Oxford nanopore Pacific Pacific biosciences Pakistan palladium-catalysed coupling pamacris pandemic pandemic A/H1N1 influenza Panel traps Pangenome Pantala flavescens Paradox Paraguay pararetroviruses parasite loads parasitic plant Parasitic plants parasitic weed parasitic weed species Parasitic weeds Parasitoids Parity rates Parrot trade partial root drying Participatory approaches participatory plant breeding participatory plant-breeding participatory research particle board passerine passerines pastoral pastoralism pathogen pathogens patterns payment for environmental services PCA PCR PCR detection PCR-RFLP pea pea moth pearl millet Peat alternatives pedestrian migration perceptual distinctiveness perennial plants performance pergularia Feeding deterrence Spodoptera Apocynaceae Asclepiadoideae peri-urban Perillaldehyde Persistence persistence and partial extinction perturbed system pest pest control Pest management pest monitoring pest resistance pest risk assessment pest rodent pest-free periodic solution pest-natural enemy system Pesticidal plants pesticidal plants pesticide Pesticide application frequency Pesticide application period pesticide industry pesticide laboratory pesticide legislation Pesticide switches Pesticide switching pesticides pests Peter Jones pH Phase change phase polyphenism phase set phaseolus vulgaris phenols pheromone pheromone plumes pheromone trap pheromone traps pheromones Philippines phloem sap phonotaxis phophorus deficiency phoresy phosphate rock phosphate sorption Phosphogypsum phosphorous sorption Phosphorus phosphorus requirement photosynthesis phylogenetic analysis Phylogenetic characterization Phylogenetic tree phylogenetics phylogeny Phylogeography Physical Map phytochemistry phytosanitary organizations piece-wise epidemic model pine Pine sawyer Pine wilt disease Pine wilt disease • Pine wood nematode Pine wood nematode Pineapple Pinus brutia Pinus caribaea Pinus nigra Pinus oocarpa Pinus pinea plague plague bacillus plagues planar impulsive semi-dynamical system plant Plant funcional traits Plant growth management plant available water plant biodiversity plant damage plant disease plant hormones plant leaf chemistry Plant nutrition Plant Pathogen plant pest plant pre-breeding Plant tolerance plant type plant virus Plant volatiles plant-herbivore interactions plant-virus planting material plants Plasmodium falciparum Plasmodium knowlesi ploceus weaver ploughing operations plumage coloration plutella xylostella pod borer pod borers Poincare map Poincaré map Poland Polarization pattern policy pollen Pollination pollination syndrome pollinator Pollinator decline pollinator diversity pollinator shifts Pollinators Polygalaceae Polymerase polymerase chain reaction polyphenism polyploidy poor population differentiation population dynamics Population ecology population genetic-structure population genetics population genetics (population studies) population model population size positive periodic solution Brouwer’s fixed point theorem post-attachment resistance post-harvest Post-harvest entomology Post-harvest grain post-harvest loss post-harvest pest management postharvest postharvest loss postharvest losses potassium potential conductivity potyvirus Poverty poverty alleviation poverty reduction pre-harvest predation Predation risk predator predator – prey dynamics Predators predator–prey model Predator–prey system predictive breeding preservation pressure prevalence prevention and control primary benefit primary yeast private investment private sector process commodity matrix process quality management processing production production technology productivity profit project evaluation propagation propulsion Prostephanus Prostephanus truncatus pruning Psittacus erithacus psychophysics public health pulp pulse Pulse spraying pumpkin plants PVC-resin formulation PVY PYMV Pyralidae Pyrethroid Pyrethroids pyrethrum Pyrolysis qPCR QTL quality quality control Quantitative real–time PCR Quarantine quelea quelea bird Quelea quelea Quelea quelea L. Quercus sp. Quinestrol rabi cropping radar Radar cross-section radar entomology radio tracking Rain fed rice Rain-fed agriculture rain-fed lowland rain-fed lowland rice Rain-fed lowland. Oryza sativa Rain-fed rice Rainfall rainfed cropping Rainfed rice Rainforest Alliance Rana automated monitoring Random forest Random perturbation ranking RAPD-PCR Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (RAAIS) Rapid diagnostics Rapid frequency modulation rapid frequency modulation behaviour rapid rural appraisal raspberry raspberry cane midge Rat rate constant rats Rattus RatZooMan Project Re-sequencing reaction norm reaction scheme Recombinant Inbred Line recombinase polymerase amplification Recombination Recombination Bin Recombination Hotspot Recombination Map recording recruitment Red-billed Quelea REDD Reference Cultivar Reference Genome Reference Genome Sequence reflectance spectra refuge registration regulated deficit irrigation regulation Relative yield loss release rate remote sensing remote sensing imagery repellency Repellents reproduction number Reproductive isolation Republic research research impact research policy Research uptake researcher-bred variety NASPOT 1 residual effect of pesticide residual effects of pesticides residual value residue laboratory Residue management residues resistance resistance mechanisms resistance screening resource limitation resource use Resource use efficiency resources respirometry Resseliella theobaldi retrotransposable elements Reverse-transcribing viruses Reversion Rhamphicarpa Rhamphicarpa fistulosa rhizome Rhizotrons Rhodesian sleeping sickness Rhododendron ponticum rhopalomyia longicauda rhopalosiphum-padi homoptera Rhyzopertha dominica Ribes nigrum rice rice blast rice brown planthopper rice cropping rice cultivation rice marketing rice production rice stem borer rice tungro disease rice tungro virus rice tungro virus disease rice vampire weed Rice Vampireweed Rice varieties Rickettsia ripcord risk risk management rites river blindness river discharges Roche 454 rodent rodent control rodent damage rodent ecology rodent management rodent-human interactions Rodents Rolling circle amplification Romania root root aphids Root carbon:nitrogen ratio root damage root distribution root knot nematode root latex root systems root to shoot communication Root turn over root-knot nematodes root-shoot communication root-soil contact rootstock rotenoids Rothamsted suction trap RT-PCR rubber rural rural areas rural development Rural poor S)-2 Saccostomus sacred lakes safe movement safety Sahel sahelian grasshopper Sahlbergella singularis salicin sampling Sapindaceae saponins Sapotaceae SARS satellite savanna scalefree Schistocerca gregaria Scirpophaga incertulas screening screwworm Scutelleridae seafood seasonal abundance seasonal cycles seasonal environments seasonal food deficits seasonal migration seasonal poverty traps Secondary growth secondary benefit Secondary compounds Secondary plant compounds secondary symbiont secondary yeast securidaca Securidaca longepedunculata seed seed bank seed germination seed production seed sector seed systems Seedlings Segregating population selection selection criteria semi-arid Seminar roots semiochemical semiochemical trap semiochemicals senegalese grasshopper sensory ecology Sensory Systems sensory-neural response sentinel animals Sequence sequence alignment Sequence diversity Sequencing Serengeti Serine recombinase serotype Servosphere Sesamia inferens Sesquiterpenes sex attractant sex pheromone sex recognition sexual recognition shabacris shade coffee Shade-trees Shannon diversity index sheep shelf-life Shipping Shipping emissions Shipping scenarios Sideroxylon foetidissimum Sideroxylon foetidissimum subsp. gaumeri signalling Simple Sequence Repeat markers simulation model Simuliidae Simulium damnosum Simulium damnosum (sensu lato) Simulium damnosum complex Simulium sanctipauli Simulium sirbanum Simulium soubrense Simulium squamosum Simulium squamosum E simulium yahense single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) single nucleotide polymorphisms Single sensillum recording Siphoninus phillyrae SIR SIT Sitophilus Sitophilus oryzae Sitophilus zeamais slash-and-burn sleeping sickness Sliding bifurcation Small mammals small scale farmers small-scale farmers small-scale farming smallholder smallholder coffee farmers smallholders Smart biochar smoke smoked fish Snapdragon socio-economic sogatella-furcifera hemiptera soil soil and water conservation soil assessment soil characteristics soil classification soil conservation Soil degradation soil fertility soil fertility and nutrient cycling soil flooding soil management soil moisture soil organic carbon soil pollution Soil protection soil suites soil water Soil water deficits solanum incanum solanum tuberosum Songbirds Sorghum Sorghum bicolor sorption isotherm souna source sinks South Africa south asia southern Africa southern Britain Spain sparrow spatial autocorrelation spatial epidemiology Spatial heterogeneity spatial repellents spatial variation spatially explicit specialization Specialized pollinators species species composition species demarcation species recognition species richness spectral reflectance Spodoptera exempta Spodoptera litura (F.) spoilage spores spotted wilt virus spray cycle spraying SpvB protein homolog squash-blot SRI Sri Lanka SSR markers Stability stable fly stable isotopes Stable switching transient stabling stack burn staffing staple food starling state-dependent feedback control Steatomys stem base damage stemborers Sticky trap stilbenes stiriinae Stochastic impact assessment stomata stomatal closure Stomoxys storage storage pests storage root Storage root chemistry storage structures stored product pest Stored product pests Stored product protection stored products Stored-product protection strains stratification strawberry Strawberry blossom weevil Striga Striga asiatica Striga aspera Striga forbesii Striga hermonthica strigolactones Structural economic method strychnos spinosa Stylosanthes Sub-optimal responses sub-Sahara Sub-Saharan Africa Subling species subsidence subsistence farmer subsistence farming subtropics Sulfate-reducing bacteria sun coffee sunbird Sunbirds Suncus Sunn Pest Supplementary Table supply supply development suppression Surface free energy surface roughness surface skimming Surveillance survey Survival sustainability sustainable sustainable biocontrol solutions sustainable coffee production sustainable crop management sustainable development sustainable farming sustainable farming systems sustainable land use sustainable livelihoods sustainable livestock management Sustainable production sustainable uses of plants sustainable water use and management swarms swartzia Swaziland sweet itch sweet potato sweet potato leaf curl Uganda virus sweet potato leaf curl virus sweet potato virus sweet potato weevils Sweetpotato sweetpotato breeding sweetpotato cultivar sweetpotato seed systems sweetpotato virus disease Sweetpotato weevil swollen shoot virus symbiosis Symbiotic N2 fixation synergism synergistic interaction synthesis synthetic aperture radar System diagnostics System of Rice Intensification Systems São Tomé and Príncipe tabaci gennadius hemiptera Tabebuia rosea tabora tactic Tagetes erecta Tanzania targets Tarnished plant bug taxis taxonomy technique technology technology transfer telemetry Telenomus busseolae Gahan temperature Temperature and rainfall variability temperature inversion temperature inversions Tephrosia Tephrosia candida tephrosia vogelii Teretrius nigrescens Terminalia amazonia termite The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Theobroma cacao Thjileria Parva THP-1 cells threats threshold Threshold condition Threshold policy Thrips tick control tillering timber pest Time series time-lags Tithonia Togo ToLCBV-[Ban4] ToLCV-[Ban4] tolerance tomato tomato leaf curl tomato leaf curl virus Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Tortricidae Toxic nectar Toxicity toxicology toxin Toxins toxoplasmosis trade regulation trade structures trade-offs traditional food traditional variety training trajectory trans-disciplinary transfer transgenes transgenic resistance transgressive traits transmission transpiration stream trapping Trapping bias traps Treatment Tree diversity tree domestication tree identification tree species trees Triatoma infestans tribe Swartzieae trichromacy triglyceride triterpenoid saponins Triticum aestivum tropic tropical tropical agriculture tropical climate tropical hardwoods tropical rainforest tropics Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense Trypanosomatid trypanosomiasis trypanosomiasis control tsetse tsetse attractant tsetse control Tsetse flies tsetse fly tuber tubers Tumour cell tungro-associated viruses tungro-bacilliform virus turbophoretic model turbulence Turbulence directionality cues TYLCV TYLCV-Is Tyto alba U.K UCBSV Uganda Ugandan National Sweetpotato Program (UNSP) UK ULV insecticides ULV spraying uniform persistence Union Medal uniqueness United Kingdom Upland rice Urban ecology Urban water Usutu virus UV protection vaccination vaccine development Validation value chains Vanessa cardui vanillin Vanuatu variances varietal attributes varietal improvement vascular development Vector Vector abundance vector behaviour vector behaviour modification Vector biology vector control vector ecology vector transmission Vector-borne disease vectors Vectors Arbovirus vegetable vegetation Vernonia vernonia amygdalina vertebrate pests vertical-looking radar vessel lumen fraction vessel number vessel size vibrational signals video analysis Vietnam Vigna unguiculata village planning Violet-tailed sunbird viral sequences Viroid virology virulence virus virus evolution virus infection virus isolates virus resistance virus retention Virus transmission virus vector virus-specific primers viruses Vision visual responses vitamin A vitamin A deficiencies vitamin C Vitis vinifera Volterra’s principle volunteers W-band Warsaw water cloud model water conservation water harnessing Water management water pollution Water productivity water relations Water repellency water supply Water-saving waterbirds weather web application weed weed biology Weed competition weed control weed control. herbicide tolerant rice weed ecology Weed infestation weed management weed suppression Weed suppressive ability (WSA) Weed-suppressive ability weeding weeds Weight gain weight loss West Africa West Nile Virus Wetlands wheat white-backed planthopper whiteflies whitefly whitefly vector whitefly-transmitted crinivirus whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses WHO Wicked problems widowbird wild cabbage wildlife wind windborne insect migration windborne migration wing-beat wingless arthropods witchweed Wittig reaction WNV Wolbachia Wolbachia dengue fever Aedes mosquitoes Wolbachia phages women wood density woodland woodwool woodwool manufacture World Health world trade wound healing X-band Xanthomonas citri [=X. axonopodis] pv. citri xenocymochtha xerophlaeoba Xestobium rufovillosum xylem xylem sap xylem sapwood Xylotrechus arvicola Xylotrechus quadripes Yam yam (Dioscorea spp.) badnaviruses yeast yeild benefits yellow dwarf virus yellow mosaic virus yellow mottle disease yellow mottle virus yellow stemborer yellow vein mosaic virus yellow-dwarf-virus Yersinia pestis yield Yield gap yield loss Yield related traits yield response Yield sensitivity YMV Yucatan peninsula Z Z)- and (E Z)-3 Z)-4 Zambazia Zambia Zanha africana Zanzibar Zea mays zeylenol Zimbabwe Zingiberaceae zonocerus variegatus zoonoses Zoonosis zoophagic zoophilic zooprophylaxis ZYMV β-carotene epoxides β-tubulin gene sequence flight altitude
Number of items at this level: 4324.

'NASPOT 11'

Mwanga, Robert O.M., Niringiye, Charles, Alajo, Agnes, Kigozi, Benjamin, Namukula, Joweria, Mpembe, Isaac, Tumwegamire, Silver, Gibson, Richard W. and Yencho, G. Craig (2011) 'NASPOT 11', a sweetpotato cultivar bred by a participatory plant-breeding approach in Uganda. HortScience, 46 (2). pp. 317-321. ISSN 0018-5345

(2R

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

(2S

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

(3Z • 6Z • 9Z)-heneicosatriene

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

(3Z • 6Z)-cis-9

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

(E

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

(E)-2-hexenyl butyrate

Fountain, Michelle, Jåstad, Gunnhild, Hall, David, Douglas, Paul, Farman, Dudley and Cross, Jerry (2014) Further studies on sex pheromones of female Lygus and related bugs: development of effective lures and investigation of species-specificity. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 40 (1). pp. 71-83. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-013-0375-z)

(E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal

Fountain, Michelle, Jåstad, Gunnhild, Hall, David, Douglas, Paul, Farman, Dudley and Cross, Jerry (2014) Further studies on sex pheromones of female Lygus and related bugs: development of effective lures and investigation of species-specificity. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 40 (1). pp. 71-83. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-013-0375-z)

(R)-2-nonyl butyrate

Rowley, Charlotte, Cherrill, Andrew J., Leather, Simon R., Hall, David R. and Pope, Tom W. (2017) Factors affecting trap catch in pheromone-based monitoring of saddle gall midge Haplodiplosis marginata (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Pest Management Science. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4721)

Rowley, Charlotte, Pope, Tom W., Cherrill, Andrew, Leather, Simon R., Fernandez-Grandon, G. Mandela and Hall, David R. (2017) Development and optimisation of a sex pheromone lure for monitoring populations of saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 163 (1). pp. 82-92. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12560)

(R)-3-hydroxy-2-hexanone

Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Alvaro, Sanchez-Maillo, Esteban, Pelaez, Horacio J., Gonzalez-Nunez, Manuel, Hall, David R. and Casquero, Pedro A. (2017) Field evaluation of 3-hydroxy-2-hexanone and ethanol as attractants for the cerambycid beetle pest of vineyards, Xylotrechus arvicola. Pest Management Science, 73 (8). pp. 1598-1603. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4491)

(S

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

(S )-2-hydroxy-3-decanone

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

(Z

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

(Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

10-

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

10-epoxyheneicosadiene

Campbell, C.A.M., Tregidga, E.L., Hall, David R., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2007) Components of the sex pheromone of the currant pug moth, Eupithecia assimilata, a re-emergent hop pest in UK. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122 (3). pp. 265-269. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00517.x)

11-tetradecadienyl acetate

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

12

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

15-pentacosapentaene

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

15N natural abundance method

Büchi, Lucie, Gebhard, Claude-Alain, Liebisch, Frank, Sinaj, Sokrat, Ramseier, Hans and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Accumulation of biologically fixed nitrogen by legumes cultivated as cover crops in Switzerland. Plant and Soil, 393 (1-2). pp. 163-175. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2476-7)

2-acetoxy-5-undecanone

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-acetoxyundecane

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-arylbenzofurans

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

2-undecanol

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-undecanone

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

2-Undecyloxy-1-ethanol

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

3 dihydroxyoctane

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

3-hydroxy-2-decanone

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

3d

Whitehorn, Luke J., Hawkes, Frances M. and Dublon, Ian A.N. (2013) Superplot3d: an open source GUI tool for 3d trajectory visualisation and elementary processing. Source Code for Biology and Medicine, 8:19. ISSN 1751-0473 (doi:10.1186/1751-0473-8-19)

3D tracking

Hawkes, Frances and Gibson, Gabriella (2016) Seeing is believing: the nocturnal malarial mosquito Anopheles coluzzii responds to visual host-cues when odour indicates a host is nearby. Parasites & Vectors, 8. p. 320. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1609-z)

4-methylguaiacol

Torr, S.J., Mangwiro, T.N.C. and Hall, D.R. (2011) Shoo fly, don't bother me! Efficacy of traditional methods of protecting cattle from tsetse. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25 (2). pp. 192-201. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2010.00942.x)

6

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

8Z)-2-acetoxy-8-heptadecene

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

8Z)-2-butyroxy-8-heptadecene(2S

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

8Z)-8-heptadecen-2-ol

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

9

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley, Dominguez, Juan C. and Pajares, Juan A. (2017) Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, dioryctria mendacella: Investigation of synergism between Type I and Type II pheromone components. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (5). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0846-8)

A. corpulentus

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

A. gallagheri

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

A. guineensis

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

A. importunus

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

A. mitchelli

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

A. sciangallorum

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

A. socotrensis

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

A/H1N1influenza

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni, Yuan, Lin, Cheke, Robert A. and Wu, Jianhong (2012) Campus quarantine (Fengxiao) for curbing emergent infectious diseases: Lessons from mitigating A/H1N1 in Xi'an, China. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 295. pp. 47-58. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.10.035)

AB SOLiD

Visendi, Paul, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2013) Next generation sequencing and germplasm resources. Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources. Springer, Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 369-390. ISBN 978-9400775718 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7572-5_15)

ABA

Else, Mark A., Taylor, June M. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2006) Anti-transpirant activity in xylem sap from flooded tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plants is not due to pH-mediated redistributions of root- or shoot-sourced ABA. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57 (12). pp. 3349-3357. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erl099)

ABA-GE

Else, Mark A., Taylor, June M. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2006) Anti-transpirant activity in xylem sap from flooded tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plants is not due to pH-mediated redistributions of root- or shoot-sourced ABA. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57 (12). pp. 3349-3357. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erl099)

above-ground store

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Aboveground biomass

Wendling, Marina, Büchi, Lucie, Amossé, Camille, Sinaj, Sokrat, Walter, Achim and Charles, Raphaël (2016) Influence of root and leaf traits on the uptake of nutrients in cover crops. Plant and Soil, 409 (1-2). pp. 419-434. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-016-2974-2)

abscisic acid

Else, Mark A., Janowiak, Franciszek, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Jackson, Michael B. (2009) Root signals and stomatal closure in relation to photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence and adventitious rooting of flooded tomato plants. Annals of Botany, 103 (2). pp. 313-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcn208)

Trejo, Carlos, Else, Mark A. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) Responses of seminal wheat seedling roots to soil water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology. ISSN 0176-1617 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2018.03.002)

Trejo, Carlos, Else, Mark A. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) Responses of seminal wheat seedling roots to soil water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology. ISSN 0176-1617 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2018.03.002)

Trejo, Carlos, Else, Mark A. and Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) Responses of seminal wheat seedling roots to soil water deficits. Journal of Plant Physiology. ISSN 0176-1617 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2018.03.002)

Acacia cyanophylla

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

acaricidal efficacy

Madzimure, James, Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Hove, Thokozani, Belmain, Steve R., Stevenson, Philip C. and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Efficacy of Strychnos spinosa (Lam.) and Solanum incanum L. aqueous fruit extracts against cattle ticks. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 45 (6). pp. 1341-1347. ISSN 0049-4747 (Print), 1573-7438 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11250-013-0367-6)

Madzimure, James, Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Hove, Thokozani, Stevenson, Philip C., Belmain, Steve R. and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2010) Acaricidal efficacy against cattle ticks and acute oral toxicity of Lippia javanica (Burm F.) Spreng. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43 (2). pp. 481-489. ISSN 0049-4747 (Print), 1573-7438 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11250-010-9720-1)

Acetaldehyde

Atkinson, Christopher J., Harrison-Murray, R.S. and Taylor, J.M. (2008) Rapid flood-induced stomatal closure accompanies xylem sap transportation of root-derived acetaldehyde and ethanol in Forsythia. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 64 (2). pp. 196-205. ISSN 0098-8472 (doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2008.02.001)

Acetylcholinesterase

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

Acomys

Massawe, Apia W., Mulungu, Loth S., Makundi, Rhodes H., Dlamini, Nomfundo, Eiseb, Seth J., Kirsten, Frikkie, Mahlaba, Themb'alilahlwa, Malebane, Phanuel, Von Maltitz, Emil, Monadjem, Ara, Taylor, Peter, Tutjavi, Vassana and Belmain, Steven R. (2011) Spatial and temporal population dynamics of rodents in three geographically different regions in Africa: implication for ecologically-based rodent management. African Zoology, 46 (2). pp. 393-405. ISSN 1562-7020 (Print), 2224-073X (Online) (doi:10.3377/004.046.0219)

Aconitum

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

acoustic behaviour

Simões, P. M. V., Ingham, R., Gibson, G. and Russell, I. J. (2018) Masking of an auditory behaviour reveals how male mosquitoes use distortion to detect females. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285 (1871):20171862. ISSN 0962-8452 (Print), 1471-2954 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.1862)

Simões, Patrício M.V., Ingham, Robert A., Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2016) A role for acoustic distortion in novel rapid frequency modulation behaviour in free-flying male mosquitoes. Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (13). pp. 2039-2047. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.135293)

acoustic distortion

Warren, Ben, Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2009) Sex recognition through midflight mating duets in Culex mosquitoes is mediated by acoustic distortion. Current Biology, 19 (6). pp. 485-491. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.01.059)

acridae

Grunshaw, J. P. (1991) A revision of the grasshopper genus Heteracris (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Eyprepocnemidinae). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859542866 ISSN 0952-8245

acrididae

Popov, G. B. and Fishpool, L. D. C (1992) A revision of the grasshopper genus Orthochtha and its allies (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Acridinae). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (54) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543056 ISSN 0952-8245

acridinae

Popov, G. B. and Fishpool, L. D. C (1992) A revision of the grasshopper genus Orthochtha and its allies (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Acridinae). Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (54) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543056 ISSN 0952-8245

acromyrmex

Cherrett, J. M. and Cherrett, F. J. (1989) A bibliography of the leaf-cutting ants, Atta spp. and Acromyrmex spp., up to 1975. Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute Bulletin No. 14 . Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0859542505 ISSN 0952-8245

Actellic Super Dust

Golob, P., Marsland, N., Nyambo, B., Mutambuki, K., Moshy, A., Kasalile, E.C., Tran, B.H.M., Birkinshaw, L. and Day, R. (1999) Coping strategies adopted by small-scale farmers in Tanzania and Kenya to counteract problems caused by storage pests, particularly the Larger Grain Borer. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Action research

Krupnik, Timothy J., Shennan, Carol, Settle, William H., Demont, Matty, Ndiaye, Alassane B. and Rodenburg, Jonne (2012) Improving irrigated rice production in the Senegal River Valley through experiential learning and innovation. Agricultural Systems, 109. pp. 101-112. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2012.01.008)

Activity rhythms

Sawadogo, Simon P., Costantini, Carlo, Pennetier, Cédric, Diabaté, Abdoulaye, Gibson, Gabriella and Dabiré, Roch K. (2013) Differences in timing of mating swarms in sympatric populations of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. (formerly An. gambiae M and S molecular forms) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (1):275. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-275)

Actographs

Sawadogo, Simon P., Costantini, Carlo, Pennetier, Cédric, Diabaté, Abdoulaye, Gibson, Gabriella and Dabiré, Roch K. (2013) Differences in timing of mating swarms in sympatric populations of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. (formerly An. gambiae M and S molecular forms) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (1):275. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-275)

Acyrthosiphon pisum

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

adaptation

Eakin, Hallie, Bojórquez-Tapia, Luis A., Diaz, Rafael Monterde, Castellanos, Edwin and Haggar, Jeremy (2011) Adaptive capacity and social-environmental change: Theoretical and operational modeling of smallholder coffee systems response in Mesoamerican Pacific Rim. Environmental Management, 47 (3). pp. 352-367. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9603-2)

adaptive behaviour

Cheke, Robert A. (2014) Black Kite drop-catching. British Birds, 107. p. 39. ISSN 0007-0335

adaptive capacity

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

adaptive resource management

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

adoption and dissemination or diffusion of technology

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2013) Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review. Crop Protection, 56. pp. 98-108. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2013.11.017)

adventitious roots

Else, Mark A., Janowiak, Franciszek, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Jackson, Michael B. (2009) Root signals and stomatal closure in relation to photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence and adventitious rooting of flooded tomato plants. Annals of Botany, 103 (2). pp. 313-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcn208)

aerial migration

Wood, C.R., Reynolds, D.R., Wells, P.M., Barlow, J.F., Woiwod, I.P. and Chapman, J.W. (2009) Flight periodicity and the vertical distribution of high-altitude moth migration over southern Britain. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 99 (5). pp. 525-535. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1017/S0007485308006548)

aerial sampling

Reynolds, Don R., Chapman, Jason W. and Stewart, Alan J..A. (2017) Windborne migration of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) over Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 114. pp. 554-564. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2017.070)

Reynolds, Don R., Nau, Bernard S. and Chapman, Jason W. (2013) High-altitude migration of Heteroptera in Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 110 (3). pp. 483-492. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2013.064)

aerial spraying

Allsopp, R. (1991) Aerial spraying research and development project. Final report - volume 1. Technical report and accounts. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954320X

Allsopp, R. (1990) Aerial spraying research and development project. Final report - volume 2. A practical guide to aerial spraying for the control of tsetse flies (Glossina spp.). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 089542874

Barrett, J. C. (1997) Economic issues in trypanosomiasis control. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544834 ISSN 0952-8245

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

Aerial trapping studies

Wainwright, Charlotte E., Stepanian, Phillip M., Reynolds, Don R. and Reynolds, Andy M. (2017) The movement of small insects in the convective boundary layer: linking patterns to processes. Scientific Reports, 7 (1):5438. pp. 1-8. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-017-04503-0)

aerobiology

West, J.S. and Burt, Peter (2008) Applied aspects of aerobiology. Aspects of Applied Biology, 89. i-88. ISSN 0265-1491

aerosol insecticide

Allsopp, R. (1991) Aerial spraying research and development project. Final report - volume 1. Technical report and accounts. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954320X

Allsopp, R. (1990) Aerial spraying research and development project. Final report - volume 2. A practical guide to aerial spraying for the control of tsetse flies (Glossina spp.). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 089542874

Aethomys

Massawe, Apia W., Mulungu, Loth S., Makundi, Rhodes H., Dlamini, Nomfundo, Eiseb, Seth J., Kirsten, Frikkie, Mahlaba, Themb'alilahlwa, Malebane, Phanuel, Von Maltitz, Emil, Monadjem, Ara, Taylor, Peter, Tutjavi, Vassana and Belmain, Steven R. (2011) Spatial and temporal population dynamics of rodents in three geographically different regions in Africa: implication for ecologically-based rodent management. African Zoology, 46 (2). pp. 393-405. ISSN 1562-7020 (Print), 2224-073X (Online) (doi:10.3377/004.046.0219)

Africa

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020)

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, R.W., Lesemann, D.E. and Vetten, H.J. (2009) Host range, purification, and genetic variability in Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus. Plant Disease, 93 (1). pp. 87-93. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-93-1-0087)

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

Barrett, J. C. (1997) Economic issues in trypanosomiasis control. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544834 ISSN 0952-8245

Belmain, S.R., Haggar, J., Holt, J. and Stevenson, P.C. (2013) Managing legume pests in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects for improving food security and nutrition through agro-ecological intensification. [Working Paper]

Black, Robert, Fava, Fabio, Mattei, Niccolo, Seal, Susan and Verdier, Valerie (2011) Case studies on the use of biotechnologies and on biosafety provisions in four African countries. Journal of Biotechnology, 156 (4). pp. 370-381. ISSN 0168-1656 (doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2011.06.036)

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Cheke, R. A., Rosenberg, L. J. and Kieser, M. E. (eds.) (2000) Workshop on research p riorities for migrant pests of agriculture in Southern Africa, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, 24–26 March 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545229

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

Durrant, Kate L., Reed, Jennifer L., Jones, Peter J., Dallimer, Martin, Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N. and Fleischer, Robert C. (2007) Variation in haematozoan parasitism at local and landscape levels in the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea. Journal of Avian Biology, 38 (6). pp. 662-671. ISSN 0908-8857 (doi:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2007.04034.x)

Geddes, A.M.W. (1990) The relative importance of crop pests in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 36). [Working Paper]

Gibberd, V., Rook, J., Sear, C. B. and Williams, J. B. (1995) Drought risk management in southern Africa. The potential of long lead climate forecasts for improved drought management. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gibson, Richard W. (2006) Working with farmers to control sweet potato virus disease in East Africa. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 28-30. ISBN 0954645278

Grant, Ian F. and Sear, Chris (1999) Decision tools for sustainable development. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545008

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

Hall, D.R., Gough, A.J.E., Adams, P.H., Beevor, P.S., Cork, A., Green, C.H., Smith, Jane L., Taylor, J.H.L. and Warnes, M.L. (1990) Identification of host odour attractants for tsetse flies. Final report 1986-1990. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Hawkes, Frances Madeline (2013) Host-seeking behaviour in the malaria vector Anopheles Gambiae. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Johnson, Jean-Martial, Rodenburg, Jonne, Tanka, Atsuko, Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu, Ahouanton, Kokou, Dieng, Ibnou, Klotoe, Agossou, Akakpo, Cyriaque, Segda, Zachary, Yameogo, Louis P., Gbakatchetche, Henri, Acheampong, George E K., Bam, Ralph K., Bakare, Oladele S., Kalisa, Alain, Gasore, Elie R., Ani, Sékou, Ablede, Komlan and Saito, Kazuki (2018) Farmers' perceptions on mechanical weeders for rice production in sub-Saharan Africa. Experimental Agriculture. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0014-4797 (Print), 1469-4441 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1017/S001447971700059X)

Jones, Peter J., Cheke, Robert A. and Bousfield, Nicky (2007) Flexibility in the timing of post-nuptial moult among Red-billed Queleas Quelea quelea in Botswana in relation to the timing of breeding. Ostrich - Journal of African Ornithology, 78 (3). pp. 555-559. ISSN 0030-6525 (doi:10.2989/OSTRICH.2007.78.3.1.312)

Katakweba, Abdul A.S., Mulungu, Loth S., Eiseb, Seth J., Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A., Makundi, Rhodes H., Massawe, Apia W., Borremans, Benny and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Prevalence of haemoparasites, leptospires and coccobacilli with potential for human infection in the blood of rodents and shrews from selected localities in Tanzania, Namibia and Swaziland. African Zoology, 47 (1). pp. 119-127. ISSN 1562-7020 (Print), 2224-073X (Online)

Kiome, R. M. and Stocking, M. A. (1993) Soil and water conservation in semi-arid Kenya. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543595 ISSN 0952-8245

Legg, James P. and Hillocks, Rory J. (2003) Cassava brown streak virus disease: Past, present and future. In: Proceedings of an International Workshop, Mombasa, Kenya, 27-30 October 2002. Natural Resources International Limited, Aylesford, UK. ISBN 0953927474

Lenné, Jillian M. (1991) Diseases and pests of sweet potato: south-east Asia, the Pacific and East Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 46). [Working Paper]

Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

Mbanzibwa, D.R., Tian, Y.P., Tugume, A.K., Patil, B.L., Yadav, J.S., Bagewadi, B., Abarshi, M.M., Alicai, T., Changadeya, W., Mkumbira, J., Muli, M.B., Mukasa, S.B., Tairo, F., Baguma, Y., Kyamanywa, S., Kullaya, A., Maruthi, M.N., Fauquet, C.M. and Valkonen, J.P.T. (2010) Evolution of cassava brown streak disease-associated viruses. Journal of General Virology, 92 (4). pp. 974-987. ISSN 0022-1317 (Print), 1465-2099 (Online) (doi:10.1099/vir.0.026922-0)

Namanda, Sam (2012) Current and potential systems for maintaining sweetpotato planting material in areas with prolonged dry seasons: a biological, social and economic framework. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Namanda, Sam, Gibson, Richard and Sindi, Kirimi (2011) Sweetpotato seed systems in Uganda, Tanzania, and Rwanda. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 35 (8). pp. 870-884. ISSN 1044-0046 (Print), 1540-7578 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10440046.2011.590572)

Nhamo, Nhamo, Rodenburg, Jonne, Zenna, Negussie, Makombe, Godswill and Luzi-Kihupi, Ashura (2014) Narrowing the rice yield gap in East and Southern Africa: Using and adapting existing technologies. Agricultural Systems, 131. pp. 45-55. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.08.003)

Patil, Basavaprabu L., Ogwok, Emmanuel, Wagaba, Henry, Mohammed, Ibrahim U., Yadav, Jitender S., Bagewadi, Basavaraj, Taylor, Nigel J., Kreuze, Jan F., Maruthi, M.N., Alicai, Titus and Fauquet, Claude M. (2010) RNAi-mediated resistance to diverse isolates belonging to two virus species involved in Cassava brown streak disease. Molecular Plant Pathology, 12 (1). pp. 31-41. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00650.x)

Ritchie, J. M. and Dobson, H. (1995) Desert locust control operations and their environmental impacts. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544179 ISSN 0952-8245

Rodenburg, J. and Johnson, D. E. (2009) Weed management in rice‐based cropping systems in Africa. Advances in Agronomy, 103. pp. 149-218. ISSN 0065-2113 (doi:10.1016/s0065-2113(09)03004-1)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert and Kropff, Martin J. (2006) Characterization of host tolerance to Striga hermonthica. Euphytica, 147 (3). pp. 353-365. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-005-9030-2)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert, Weltzien, Eva and Hess, Dale E. (2004) How can field selection for Striga resistance and tolerance in sorghum be improved? Field Crops Research, 93 (1). pp. 34-50. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2004.09.004)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Cissoko, Mamadou, Kayeke, Juma, Dieng, Ibnou, Khan, Zeyaur R., Midega, Charles A.O., Onyuka, Enos A. and Scholes, Julie D. (2014) Do NERICA rice cultivars express resistance to Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth. and Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze under field conditions? Field Crops Research, 170. pp. 83-94. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2014.10.010)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Demont, Matty, Zwart, Sander J. and Bastiaans, Lammert (2016) Parasitic weed incidence and related economic losses in rice in Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 235. pp. 306-317. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2016.10.020)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

Saito, K., Azoma, K. and Rodenburg, J. (2010) Plant characteristics associated with weed competitiveness of rice under upland and lowland conditions in West Africa. Field Crops Research, 116 (3). pp. 308-317. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2010.01.008)

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

Schippers, R. R. (2000) African indigenous vegetables: An overview of the cultivated species. Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545156

Spence, Nicola J. and Walkey, D. G. A. (1994) Bean common mosaic virus and related viruses in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (63) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543560 ISSN 0952-8245

Sweetmore, Anne, Rothschild, George and Eden-Green, Simon (eds.) (2001) Perpespective on pests. Achievement of research under the UK Department for International Development's Crop Protection Programme, 1996-2000. Natural Resources International Limited, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0953927415

Taylor, Peter J., Downs, Sarah, Monadjem, Ara, Eiseb, Seth J., Mulungu, Loth S., Massawe, Apia W., Mahlaba, Themb’a A., Kirsten, Frikkie, Von Maltitz, Emil, Malebane, Phanuel, Makundi, Rhodes H., Lamb, Jennifer and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Experimental treatment-control studies of ecologically based rodent management in Africa: balancing conservation and pest management. Wildlife Research, 39 (1). pp. 51-61. ISSN 1035-3712 (Print), 1448-5494 (Online) (doi:10.1071/WR11111)

Tucker, M.R. (1993) Weather and the epidemiology of the African Armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) (NRI Bulletin 58). [Working Paper]

Warren, G.P. (1992) Fertilizer phosphorus: sorption and residual value in tropical African soils (NRI Bulletin 37). [Working Paper]

Wasswa, P., Otto, B., Maruthi, M.N., Mukasa, S.B., Monger, W. and Gibson, R.W. (2011) First identification of a sweet potato begomovirus (sweepovirus) in Uganda: Characterization, detection and distribution. Plant Pathology, 60 (6). pp. 1030-1039. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02464.x)

Wopereis, Marco C.S., Diagne, Aliou, Rodenburg, Jonne, Sié, Moussa and Somado, Eklou A. (2008) Why NERICA is a successful innovation for African farmers. Outlook on Agriculture, 37 (3). pp. 169-176. ISSN 0030-7270 (Print), 2043-6866 (Online) (doi:10.5367/000000008785915502)

African agriculture

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

African armyworm

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

Tucker, M.R. (1993) Weather and the epidemiology of the African Armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) (NRI Bulletin 58). [Working Paper]

African Barred Owlet

Cheke, Robert A. (2008) African Barred Owlet Glaucidium capense new to Togo. Malimbus, 30 (2). pp. 168-169. ISSN 0331-3689

African crop pests

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

African farming

Stevenson, Philip C., Isman, Murray B. and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Pesticidal plants in Africa: a global vision of new biological control products from local uses. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 2-9. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.034)

African horse sickness

Carpenter, S., Mellor, P.S. and Torr, S.J. (2008) Control techniques for Culicoides biting midges and their application in the U.K. and northwestern Palaearctic. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (3). pp. 175-187. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00743.x)

african soil

Warren, G.P. (1992) Fertilizer phosphorus: sorption and residual value in tropical African soils (NRI Bulletin 37). [Working Paper]

African Trypanosomiasis

Omolo, Maurice O., Hassanali, Ahmed, Mpiana, Serge, Esterhuizen, Johan, Lindh, Jenny, Lehane, Mike J., Solano, Philippe, Rayaisse, Jean Baptiste, Vale, Glyn A., Torr, Steve J. and Tirados, Inaki (2009) Prospects for developing odour baits to control Glossina fuscipes spp., the major vector of human African Trypanosomiasis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 3 (5). e435. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000435)

African wild yobacco

Marlin, Danica, Nicolson, Susan W., Yusuf, Abdullahi A., Stevenson, Philip C., Heyman, Heino M. and Kruger, Kerstin (2014) The only African wild tobacco, Nicotiana africana: Alkaloid content and the effect of herbivory. PLOS ONE, 9 (7):e10266. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102661)

African Yam Bean

Nnamani, Catherine Veronica, Ajayi, Sunday Adesola, Oselebe, Happiness Ogba, Atkinson, Christopher John, Igboabuchi, Anastasia Ngozi and Ezigbo, Eucharia Chizoba (2017) Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., a fading genetic resource in a changing climate: Prerequisite for conservation and sustainability. Plants, 6 (3):30. ISSN 2223-7747 (Print), 2223-7747 (Online) (doi:10.3390/plants6030030)

Ageratum conyzoides

Rioba, Naomi B. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Ageratum conyzoides L. for the management of pests and diseases by small holder farmers. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 22-29. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.068)

Ageratum yellow vein virus (AJ810825)

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

Aggregate distribution

Mulungu, Loth S., Sixbert, Valency, Ngowo, Victoria, Mdangi, Mashaka, Katakweba, Abdul S., Tesha, Protas, Mrosso, Furaha P., Mchomvu, Margaret, Kilonzo, Bukheti S. and Belmain, Steven R. (2015) Spatio-temporal patterns in the distribution of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in rice crop and fallow land habitats in Tanzania. Mammalia, 79 (2). pp. 177-184. ISSN 0025-1461 (Print), 1864-1547 (Online) (doi:10.1515/mammalia-2014-0006)

aggregation pheromone

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

Agri-environmental monitoring

Buchi, Lucie, Valsangiacomo, Alain, Burel, Enguerrand and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Integrating simulation data from a crop model in the development of an agri-environmental indicator for soil cover in Switzerland. European Journal of Agronomy, 76. pp. 149-159. ISSN 1161-0301 (Print), 1873-7331 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2015.11.004)

agricultural development

Pender, J., Mills, A.P. and Rosenberg, L.J. (1997) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 2: Analysis of land use change by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 70). [Working Paper]

Pender, J. and Rosenberg, J. (1995) Impact of tsetse control on land use in the semi-arid zone of Zimbabwe. Phase 1: Classification of land use by remote sensing imagery (NRI Bulletin 66). [Working Paper]

agricultural extension services

Adebayo, K., Abayomi, L., Abass, A., Dziedzoave, N.T., Forsythe, L., Hillocks, R.J., Gensi, R., Gibson, R.W., Graffham, A.J., Ilona, P., Kleih, U.K., Lamboll, R.I., Mahende, G., Martin, A.M., Onumah, G.E., Orr, A.W., Posthumus, H., Sanni, L.O., Sandifolo, V. and Westby, A. (2010) Sustainable inclusion of smallholders in the emerging high quality cassava flour value chains in Africa: challenges for agricultural extension services. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 14 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1119-944X

agricultural fields

Monadjem, Ara, Mahlaba, Themb'a, Dlamini, Nomfundo, Eiseb, Seth J., Belmain, Steven R., Mulungu, Loth S., Massawe, Apia W., Makundi, Rhodes H., Mohr, Katrine and Taylor, Peter J. (2011) Impact of crop cycle on movement patterns of pest rodent species between fields and houses in Africa. Wildlife Research, 38 (7). pp. 603-609. ISSN 1035-3712 (Print), 1448-5494 (Online) (doi:10.1071/WR10130)

agricultural innovation systems (AIS)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Schut, Marc, Demont, Matty, Klerkx, Laurens, Gbèhounou, Gualbert, Oude Lansink, Alfons, Mourits, Monique, Rotteveel, Ton, Kayeke, Juma, van Ast, Aad, Akanvou, Louise, Cissoko, Mamadou, Kamanda, Josey and Bastiaans, Lammert (2015) Systems approaches to innovation in pest management: reflections and lessons learned from an integrated research program on parasitic weeds in rice. International Journal of Pest Management, 61 (4). pp. 329-339. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2015.1066042)

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2013) Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review. Crop Protection, 56. pp. 98-108. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2013.11.017)

agricultural intensification

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

agricultural pests and plant-virus disease vectors

Mugerwa, Habibu, Seal, Susan, Wang, Hua-Ling, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Kabaalu, Richard, Omongo, Christopher A., Alicai, Titus, Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph, Sseruwagi, Peter and Colvin, John (2018) African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species. Scientific Reports, 8 (1):2734. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20956-3)

agricultural productivity

Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) How good is the evidence that soil applied biochar improves water holding capacity? Soil Use and Management. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (In Press)

agricultural research

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) How can the poor benefit from private investment in agricultural research? A case study from Bolivia. Development in Practice, 15 (3 & 4). pp. 325-336. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614520500076043)

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) Potential mechanisms for increasing the contribution of the private sector to agricultural research, development and technology transfer in Bolivia. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2006) Stimulating private investment in agricultural research for greater impact on poverty reduction. Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 1 (053).

Agricultural research for development (AR4D)

Schut, Marc, Klerkx, Laurens, Rodenburg, Jonne, Kayeke, Juma, Hinnou, Léonard C., Raboanarielina, Cara M., Adegbola, Patrice Y., van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (Part I). A diagnostic tool for integrated analysis of complex problems and innovation capacity. Agricultural Systems, 132. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.08.009)

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, Hinnou, Léonard C., Kayeke, Juma and Bastiaans, Lammert (2015) Participatory appraisal of institutional and political constraints and opportunities for innovation to address parasitic weeds in rice. Crop Protection, 74. pp. 158-170. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2015.04.011)

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, Kayeke, Juma, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (Part II). Integrated analysis of parasitic weed problems in rice in Tanzania. Agricultural Systems, 132. pp. 12-24. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.09.004)

agricultural technology

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2006) Stimulating private investment in agricultural research for greater impact on poverty reduction. Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 1 (053).

Agriculture

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

Cheke, R. A., Rosenberg, L. J. and Kieser, M. E. (eds.) (2000) Workshop on research p riorities for migrant pests of agriculture in Southern Africa, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, 24–26 March 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545229

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Hillocks, R.J. (2011) Farming for balanced nutrition: an agricultural approach to adressing micronutrient deficiency among the vulnerable poor in Africa. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 11 (2). pp. 4688-4707. ISSN 1684-5374

Hillocks, R.J. (2012) Farming with fewer pesticides: EU pesticide review and resulting challenges for UK agriculture. Crop Protection, 31 (1). pp. 85-93. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2011.08.008)

Mulungu, Loth S., Ngowo, Victoria, Mdangi, Mashaka E., Katakweba, Abdul S., Tesha, Protas, Mrosso, Furaha P., Mchomvu, Margaret, Massawe, Apia W., Monadjem, Ara, Kilonzo, Bukheti and Belmain, Steven R. (2015) Survival and recruitment of the multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis (Smith 1834), in a rice agro-ecosystem. Mammalia. ISSN 0025-1461 (Print), 1864-1547 (Online) (doi:10.1515/mammalia-2014-0150)

Namanda, Sam (2012) Current and potential systems for maintaining sweetpotato planting material in areas with prolonged dry seasons: a biological, social and economic framework. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Oluwole, Oluwafemi and Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Health and environmental impacts of pesticide use practices: a case study of farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 7 (3). pp. 153-163. ISSN 1473-5903 (Print), 1747-762X (Online) (doi:10.3763/ijas.2009.0431)

Orr, A., Mwale, B., Ritchie, J. M., Lawson-McDowall, J. and Chanika, C. S. M. (2000) Learning and livelihoods: The experience of the FSIPM project in southern Malawi. Farming systems integrated pest management project . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545245

Ritchie, J. M. (ed.) (2000) Integrated crop management research in Malawi: developing technologies with farmers. Proceedings of the final project workshop, Club Makokola, Mangochi, Malawi, 29 November - 3 December 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545199

Ritchie, J. Mark and Muyaso, Felix (2000) Farming systems integrated pest management project: Selected reports 1996 - 2000 (Volume 1 of 3: Farming systems research). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ritchie, J. Mark and Muyaso, Felix (2000) Farming systems integrated pest management project: Selected reports 1996 - 2000 (Volume 2 of 3: Farming systems research continued). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ritchie, J. Mark and Muyaso, Felix (2000) Farming systems integrated pest management project: Selected reports 1996 - 2000 (Volume 3 of 3: Farmer participation in development of IPM strategies). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Stabrawa, Anna (1992) Study of the maize and cassava farming and storage systems in central Togo with reference to the impact of the larger grain borer. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Stone, Roger, Sivakumar, M.V.K. and Burt, Peter (2006) Editorial. Meteorological Applications, 13 (S1). pp. 3-5. ISSN 1350-4827 (doi:10.1017/S1350482706002507)

Swanepoel, Lourens H., Swanepoel, Corrie M., Brown, Peter R., Eiseb, Seth J., Goodman, Steven M., Keith, Mark, Kirsten, Frikkie, Leirs, Herwig, Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Makundi, Rhodes H., Malebane, Phanuel, von Maltitz, Emil F., Massawe, Apia W., Monadjem, Ara, Mulungu, Loth S., Singleton, Grant R., Taylor, Peter J., Soarimalala, Voahangy and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) A systematic review of rodent pest research in Afro-Malagasy small-holder farming systems: Are we asking the right questions? PLoS ONE, 12 (3):e0174554. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174554)

agro-ecosystems

Kabiri, Stella, Rodenburg, Jonne, Kayeke, Juma, Van Ast, Aad, Makokha, Derek W., Msangi, Saidi H., Irakiza, Rumyambo and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) Can the parasitic weeds Striga asiatica and Rhamphicarpa fistulosa co-occur in rain-fed rice? Weed Research, 55 (2). pp. 145-154. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/wre.12124)

agro-pastoralism

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

agrochemical

Chan, Man-Kwun and King, Bill (2000) Review of the implications of changes in EU pesticides legislation on the production and export of fruits and vegetables from developing country suppliers. Project Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

agrochemicals

Grant, Ian F. and Tingle, Colin C. D., (eds.) (2002) Ecological monitoring methods for the assessment of pesticide impacts in the tropics. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545431

Agroecology

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

agroforest

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

Agroforestry

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

Haggar, Jeremy, Asigbaase, Michael, Bonilla, Glenda, Pico, Jose and Quilo, Alma (2015) Tree diversity on sustainably certified and conventional coffee farms in Central America. Biodiversity and Conservation, 24 (5). pp. 1175-1194. ISSN 0960-3115 (Print), 1572-9710 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10531-014-0851-y)

Sarasan, Viswambharan, Kite, Geoffrey C., Sileshi, Gudeta W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Applications of phytochemical and in vitro techniques for reducing over-harvesting of medicinal and pesticidal plants and generating income for the rural poor. Plant Cell Reports, 30 (7). pp. 1163-1172. ISSN 0721-7714 (Print), 1432-203X (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00299-011-1047-5)

Warren, G.P. (1992) Fertilizer phosphorus: sorption and residual value in tropical African soils (NRI Bulletin 37). [Working Paper]

agroforestry systems

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Healey, John R., Soto, Gabriela and Haggar, Jeremy P. (2013) Sink or source—The potential of coffee agroforestry systems to sequester atmospheric CO2 into soil organic carbon. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 175. pp. 60-68. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.012)

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

agromorphological trait

Gibson, Richard W. (2009) A review of perceptual distinctiveness in landraces including an analysis of how its roles have been overlooked in plant breeding for low-input farming systems. Economic Botany, 63 (3). pp. 242-255. ISSN 0013-0001 (Print), 1874-9364 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12231-009-9086-3)

agronomy

Lenné, Jillian M. (1991) Diseases and pests of sweet potato: south-east Asia, the Pacific and East Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 46). [Working Paper]

agropastoralism

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

agropastoralists

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

Agrotis ipsilon

Odiyo, P. Onyango (1975) Seasonal distribution and migrations of Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Tropical Pest Bulletin (4). Centre for Overseas Pest Research (COPR), London, UK. ISBN 0851350704

Agrotis segetum

Reynolds, A.M., Reynolds, D.R., Smith, A.D., Svensson, G.P. and Löfstedt, C. (2007) Appetitive flight patterns of male Agrotis segetum moths over landscape scales. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 245 (1). pp. 141-149. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.10.007)

alata

Kenyon, Lawrence, Lebas, B.S.M. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Yams (Dioscorea spp.) from the South Pacific Islands contain many novel badnaviruses: Implications for international movement of yam germplasm. Archives of Virology, 153 (5). pp. 877-889. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0062-5)

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

alder

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Alectra

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

Aleyrodes lonicerae

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

Aleyrodes proletella

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

Springate, Simon (2017) The cabbage whitefly Aleyrodes proletella and its natural enemies on wild cabbage Brassica oleracea on the Kent coast. Transactions of the Kent Field Club, 20. pp. 42-58. ISSN 0141-1225

Springate, Simon and Colvin, John (2011) Pyrethroid insecticide resistance in British populations of the cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella. Pest Management Science, 68 (2). pp. 260-267. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.2255)

Aleyrodidae

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Sseruwagi, P. and Hillocks, Rory (2007) Mitochondrial DNA variability and development of a PCR diagnostic test for populations of the whitefly Bemisia afer (Priesner and Hosny). Molecular Biotechnology, 35 (1). pp. 31-40. ISSN 1073-6085 (doi:10.1385/MB:35:1:31)

Rekha, A.R., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V. and Colvin, J. (2005) Occurrence of three genotypic clusters of Bemisia tabaci and the rapid spread of the B biotype in south India. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 117 (3). pp. 221-233. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2005.00352.x)

Sseruwagi, P., Maruthi, Midatharahally, Colvin, J., Rey, M.E.C., Brown, J.K. and Legg, J.P. (2006) Colonization of non-cassava plant species by cassava whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) in Uganda. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (2). pp. 145-153. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2006.00402.x)

alkaloid content Herbivory

Marlin, Danica, Nicolson, Susan W., Yusuf, Abdullahi A., Stevenson, Philip C., Heyman, Heino M. and Kruger, Kerstin (2014) The only African wild tobacco, Nicotiana africana: Alkaloid content and the effect of herbivory. PLOS ONE, 9 (7):e10266. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102661)

Alkaloids

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

alla

Cherrett, J. M. and Cherrett, F. J. (1989) A bibliography of the leaf-cutting ants, Atta spp. and Acromyrmex spp., up to 1975. Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute Bulletin No. 14 . Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0859542505 ISSN 0952-8245

Allochronic speciation

Sawadogo, Simon P., Costantini, Carlo, Pennetier, Cédric, Diabaté, Abdoulaye, Gibson, Gabriella and Dabiré, Roch K. (2013) Differences in timing of mating swarms in sympatric populations of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. (formerly An. gambiae M and S molecular forms) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (1):275. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-275)

allomones

Torr, Steve J. and Solano, Philippe (2010) Olfaction in Glossina – host interactions: a tale of two tsetse. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 265-290. ISBN 9789086860913

almost periodic solution

Wang, Qinglong, Liu, Zhijun, Li, Zuxiong and Cheke, Robert A. (2014) Existence and global asymptotic stability of positive almost periodic solutions of a two-species competitive system. International Journal of Biomathematics, 7 (4):1450040. ISSN 1793-5245 (Print), 1793-7159 (Online) (doi:10.1142/S1793524514500405)

Alnus orientalis

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

Alphabaculovirus

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

alpine flowers

Arnold, Sarah, Savolainen, Vincent and Chittka, Lars (2009) Flower colours along an alpine altitude gradient, seen through the eyes of fly and bee pollinators. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 3 (1). pp. 27-43. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-009-9056-9)

Alternate wetting and drying

Krupnik, Timothy J., Rodenburg, Jonne, Haden, Van Ryan, Mbaye, Doudou and Shennan, Carol (2012) Genotypic trade-offs between water productivity and weed competition under the system of rice intensification in the Sahel. Agricultural Water Management, 115. pp. 156-166. ISSN 03783774 (doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2012.08.016)

de Vries, Michiel E., Rodenburg, Jonne, Bado, Boubié V., Sow, Abdoualye, Leffelaar, Peter A. and Giller, Ken E. (2010) Rice production with less irrigation water is possible in a Sahelian environment. Field Crops Research, 116 (1-2). pp. 154-164. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2009.12.006)

Alternate wetting and drying (AWD)

Krupnik, Timothy J., Shennan, Carol and Rodenburg, Jonne (2012) Yield, water productivity and nutrient balances under the system of rice intensification and recommended management practices in the Sahel. Field Crops Research, 130. pp. 155-167. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2012.02.003)

aman rice

Jabbar, M.A., Orr, Alastair and Karmakar, B. (2008) Direct-seeded rice in the High Barind Tract: economics and farmer evaluation. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 47-65. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Riches, Charles R., Mortimer, A.M., Harris, D. and Mazid, M.A. (2008) Farm-level opportunities for increasing productivity and income in the High Barind Tract: a synthesis. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 9-24. ISBN 9712202291

Riches, C.R. (2008) The High Barind Tract: a challenging drought-prone agricultural environment. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), pp. 3-6. ISBN 978-971-22-0229-2

Riches, C.R., Mazid, M.A., Uddin Ahmed, G.J., Mortimer, A.M., Jabbar, M.A. and Orr, A. (2008) Improved weed management for transplanted aman rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), pp. 91-103. ISBN 978-971-22-0229-2

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

amitermes

Sands, W.A. (1992) The termite genus Amitermes in Africa and the Middle East (NRI Bulletin 51). [Working Paper]

AMOVA

Fahleson, J., Nakyanzi, M., Okori, P., Seal, S., Kenyon, L. and Dixelius, C. (2009) Genetic analysis of Mycosphaerella fijiensis in the Ugandan Lake Victoria region reveals a homogenous population. Plant Pathology, 58 (5). pp. 888-897. ISSN 1365-3059 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02099.x)

An. coluzzii (M form)

Sawadogo, P. S., Namountougou, M., Toé, K. H., Rouamba, J., Maïga, H., Ouédraogo, K. R., Baldet, T., Gouagna, L. C., Kengne, P., Simard, F., Costantini, C., Gibson, G., Diabaté, A., Lees, R. S., Gilles, J. R. L. and Dabiré, K. R. (2014) Swarming behaviour in natural populations of Anopheles gambiae and An. coluzzii: Review of 4 years survey in rural areas of sympatry, Burkina Faso (West Africa). Acta Tropica, 132 (Supp.). S42-S52. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.12.011)

analysis

Bacchus, S. (1987) TDRI Tropical Pest Bulletin 7: A taxonomic and biometric study of the genus Cryptotermes (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). Technical Report. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK.

analytic network process

Eakin, Hallie, Bojórquez-Tapia, Luis A., Diaz, Rafael Monterde, Castellanos, Edwin and Haggar, Jeremy (2011) Adaptive capacity and social-environmental change: Theoretical and operational modeling of smallholder coffee systems response in Mesoamerican Pacific Rim. Environmental Management, 47 (3). pp. 352-367. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9603-2)

anemohoria

Reynolds, Don R., Reynolds, Andrew M. and Chapman, Jason W. (2014) Non-volant modes of migration in terrestrial arthropods. Animal Migration, 2 (1). pp. 8-28. ISSN 2084-8838 (doi:10.2478/ami-2014-0002)

anemohydrochoria

Reynolds, Don R., Reynolds, Andrew M. and Chapman, Jason W. (2014) Non-volant modes of migration in terrestrial arthropods. Animal Migration, 2 (1). pp. 8-28. ISSN 2084-8838 (doi:10.2478/ami-2014-0002)

angiosperms

Zanne, Amy E., Westoby, Mark, Falster, Daniel S., Ackerly, David D., Loarie, Scott R., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Coomes, David A. (2010) Angiosperm wood structure: Global patterns in vessel anatomy and their relation to wood density and potential conductivity. American Journal of Botany, 97 (2). pp. 207-215. ISSN 0002-9122 (Print), 1537-2197 (Online) (doi:10.3732/ajb.0900178)

animal

Chapman, Jason W., Nesbit, Rebecca L., Burgin, Laura E., Reynolds, Don R., Smith, Alan D., Middleton, Douglas R. and Hill, Jane K. (2010) Flight orientation behaviors promote optimal migration trajectories in high-flying insects. Science, 327 (5966). pp. 682-685. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.1182990)

animal migration

Chapman, Jason W., Nesbit, Rebecca L., Burgin, Laura E., Reynolds, Don R., Smith, Alan D., Middleton, Douglas R. and Hill, Jane K. (2010) Flight orientation behaviors promote optimal migration trajectories in high-flying insects. Science, 327 (5966). pp. 682-685. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.1182990)

animal orientation strategies

Chapman, Jason W., Klaassen, Raymond H.G., Drake, V. Alistair, Fossette, Sabrina, Hays, Graeme C., Metcalfe, Julian D., Reynolds, Andrew M., Reynolds, Don R. and Alerstam, Thomas (2011) Animal orientation strategies for movement in flows [Review]. Current Biology, 21 (20). R861-R870. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.08.014)

Annobón

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Editor's foreward [foreword]. The Birds of São Tomé & Príncipe with Annobón islands of the Gulf of Guinea: An annotated Checklist. BOU Checklist Series (22). British Ornithologists' Union / British Ornithologists' Club, Oxford, UK, ix-ix. ISBN 978-0907446279

Annual crop

Jaffuel, Geoffrey, Blanco-Pérez, Rubén, Buchi, Lucie, Mäder, Paul, Fließbach, Andreas, Charles, Raphaël, Degen, Thomas, Turlings, Ted C. J. and Campos-Herrera, Raquel (2017) Effects of cover crops on the overwintering success of entomopathogenic nematodes and their antagonists. Applied Soil Ecology, 114. pp. 62-73. ISSN 0929-1393 (doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.02.006)

Anobiidae

Belmain, S. R., Simmonds, M. S. J. and Blaney, W. M. (1999) Deathwatch beetle, Xestobium rufovillosum, in historical buildings: monitoring the pest and its predators. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 93 (1). pp. 97-104. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1999.00566.x)

Belmain, S.R., Blaney, W.M. and Simmonds, M.S.J. (1998) Host selection behaviour of deathwatch beetle, Xestobium rufovillosum: Oviposition preference choice assays testing old vs new oak timber, Quercus sp. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 89 (2). pp. 193-199. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1998.00399.x)

Anopheles

Tirados, Iñaki, Gibson, Gabriella, Young, Stephen and Torr, Stephen J. (2011) Are herders protected by their herds? An experimental analysis of zooprophylaxis against the malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis. Malaria Journal, 10 (68). ISSN 1475-2875 (doi:10.1186/1475-2875-10-68)

Anopheles arabiensis

Asmare, Yelfwagash, Hill, Sharon R., Hopkins, Richard J., Tekie, Habte and Ignell, Rickard (2017) The role of grass volatiles on oviposition site selection by Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles coluzzii. Malaria Journal, 16 (65). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-017-1717-z)

Tirados, Iñaki, Costantini, C., Gibson, Gabriella and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 20 (4). pp. 425-437. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.652.x)

Torr, S.J., Della Torre, A., Calzetta, M., Costantini, C. and Vale, G.A. (2008) Towards a fuller understanding of mosquito behaviour: use of electrocuting grids to compare the odour-orientated responses of Anopheles arabiensis and An. quadriannulatus in the field. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 93-108. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00723.x)

Anopheles balabacensis

Hawkes, Frances, Manin, Benny Obrain, Ng, Sui Han, Torr, Stephen J., Drakeley, Chris, Chua, Tock H. and Ferguson, Heather M. (2017) Evaluation of electric nets as means to sample mosquito vectors host-seeking on humans and primates. Parasites and Vectors, 10 (338). ISSN 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2277-3)

Anopheles coluzzii

Asmare, Yelfwagash, Hill, Sharon R., Hopkins, Richard J., Tekie, Habte and Ignell, Rickard (2017) The role of grass volatiles on oviposition site selection by Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles coluzzii. Malaria Journal, 16 (65). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1475-2875 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s12936-017-1717-z)

Hawkes, Frances and Gibson, Gabriella (2016) Seeing is believing: the nocturnal malarial mosquito Anopheles coluzzii responds to visual host-cues when odour indicates a host is nearby. Parasites & Vectors, 8. p. 320. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1609-z)

Sawadogo, Simon P., Costantini, Carlo, Pennetier, Cédric, Diabaté, Abdoulaye, Gibson, Gabriella and Dabiré, Roch K. (2013) Differences in timing of mating swarms in sympatric populations of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. (formerly An. gambiae M and S molecular forms) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (1):275. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-275)

Anopheles gambiae

Hawkes, Frances and Gibson, Gabriella (2016) Seeing is believing: the nocturnal malarial mosquito Anopheles coluzzii responds to visual host-cues when odour indicates a host is nearby. Parasites & Vectors, 8. p. 320. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1609-z)

Hawkes, Frances, Young, Stephen and Gibson, Gabriella (2012) Modification of spontaneous activity patterns in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto when presented with host-associated stimuli. Physiological Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 233-240. ISSN 0307-6962 (Print), 1365-3032 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2012.00838.x)

Hawkes, Frances M., Dabiré, Roch K., Sawadogo, Simon P., Torr, Stephen J. and Gibson, Gabriella (2017) Exploiting Anopheles responses to thermal, odour and visual stimuli to improve surveillance and control of malaria. Scientific Reports, 7:17283. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17632-3)

Pennetier, Cédric, Warren, Ben, Dabiré, K. Roch, Russell, Ian J. and Gibson, Gabriella (2009) "Singing on the wing" as a mechanism for species recognition in the malarial mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Current Biology, 20 (2). pp. 131-136. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.11.040)

Anopheles gambiae (S form)

Sawadogo, P. S., Namountougou, M., Toé, K. H., Rouamba, J., Maïga, H., Ouédraogo, K. R., Baldet, T., Gouagna, L. C., Kengne, P., Simard, F., Costantini, C., Gibson, G., Diabaté, A., Lees, R. S., Gilles, J. R. L. and Dabiré, K. R. (2014) Swarming behaviour in natural populations of Anopheles gambiae and An. coluzzii: Review of 4 years survey in rural areas of sympatry, Burkina Faso (West Africa). Acta Tropica, 132 (Supp.). S42-S52. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.12.011)

Anopheles gambiae s.s

Sawadogo, Simon P., Costantini, Carlo, Pennetier, Cédric, Diabaté, Abdoulaye, Gibson, Gabriella and Dabiré, Roch K. (2013) Differences in timing of mating swarms in sympatric populations of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. (formerly An. gambiae M and S molecular forms) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (1):275. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-275)

Anopheles quadriannulatus

Torr, S.J., Della Torre, A., Calzetta, M., Costantini, C. and Vale, G.A. (2008) Towards a fuller understanding of mosquito behaviour: use of electrocuting grids to compare the odour-orientated responses of Anopheles arabiensis and An. quadriannulatus in the field. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 93-108. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00723.x)

Anoplophora glabripennis

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

ant

Cherrett, J. M. and Cherrett, F. J. (1989) A bibliography of the leaf-cutting ants, Atta spp. and Acromyrmex spp., up to 1975. Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute Bulletin No. 14 . Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0859542505 ISSN 0952-8245

anthesis

Atkinson, C.J., Brennan, R.M. and Jones, H.G. (2013) Declining chilling and its impact on temperate perennial crops. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 91. pp. 48-62. ISSN 0098-8472 (doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2013.02.004)

Anthodiaeta

Mann, Clive F. and Cheke, Robert A. (2014) The sunbird genera Anthodiaeta and Hedydipna revisited. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 134 (2). pp. 159-160. ISSN 0007-1595

Anthonomus rubi

Cross, Jerry V., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 2. Pest monitoring and control. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 155-166. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.004)

Cross, Jerry V., Hesketh, Helen, Jay, Chantelle N., Hall, David R., Innocenzi, Paul J., Farman, Dudley I. and Burgess, Chris M. (2006) Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). pp. 144-154. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002)

Hall, David, Baroffio, Catherine, Sigsgaard, Lene, Ahrenfeldt, Erica, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Bruun, S.A., Cross, Jerry, Fountain, Michelle, Mozuraitis, Raimondas, Ralle, Baba, Trandrem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2018) Combining plant volatiles and pheromones to catch two insect pests in the same trap: examples from two berry crops. Crop Protection, 109. pp. 1-8. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.02.025)

anthropophilic

Tirados, Iñaki, Costantini, C., Gibson, Gabriella and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 20 (4). pp. 425-437. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.652.x)

Torr, S.J., Della Torre, A., Calzetta, M., Costantini, C. and Vale, G.A. (2008) Towards a fuller understanding of mosquito behaviour: use of electrocuting grids to compare the odour-orientated responses of Anopheles arabiensis and An. quadriannulatus in the field. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 93-108. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00723.x)

antibacterial

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

antifungal

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

Rioba, Naomi B. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Ageratum conyzoides L. for the management of pests and diseases by small holder farmers. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 22-29. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.068)

antileishmanial activity

Getti, G. T. M., Aslam, S.N., Humber, D.P., Stevenson, P. C. and Cheke, R. A. (2006) The effect of Cicerfuran, an Arylbenzofuran from Cicer bijugum, and related Benzofurans and Stilbenes on Leishmania aethiopica, L. tropica and L. major. Planta Medica, 72 (10). pp. 907-911. ISSN 0032-0943 (doi:10.1055/s-2006-947187)

aphid

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

aphid sitobion-avenae

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

aphid-transmitted potyvirus

Clark, Christopher A., Davis, Jeffrey A., Abad, Jorge A., Cuellar, Wilmer J., Fuentes, Segundo, Kreuze, Jan F., Gibson, Richard, Mukasa, Settumba B., Tugume, Arthur K., Tairo, Fred Donati and Valkonen, Jari P.T. (2012) Sweetpotato viruses: 15 years of progress on understanding and managing complex diseases. Plant Disease, 96 (2). pp. 168-185. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-07-11-0550)

aphids flight behaviour

Reynolds, Andy M. and Reynolds, Don R. (2008) Aphid aerial density profiles are consistent with turbulent advection amplifying flight behaviours: abandoning the epithet ‘passive’. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 276 (1654). pp. 137-143. ISSN 0962-8452 (Print), 1471-2954 (Online) (doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0880)

apis mellifera

Hurst, Victoria, Stevenson, Philip C. and Wright, Geraldine A. (2014) Toxins induce ‘malaise’ behaviour in the honeybee (Apis mellifera). Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, 200 (10). pp. 881-890. ISSN 0340-7594 (Print), 1432-1351 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00359-014-0932-0)

Reynolds, Andrew M., Smith, Alan D., Reynolds, Don R., Carreck, Norman L. and Osborne, Juliet L. (2007) Honeybees perform optimal scale-free searching flights when attempting to locate a food source. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 210 (21). pp. 3763-3770. ISSN 0022-0949 (doi:10.1242/jeb.009563)

APOC

Traoré, S., Wilson, M.D., Sima, A., Barro, T., Diallo, A., Aké, A., Coulibaly, S., Cheke, R.A., Meyer, R.R.F., Mas, J.i, McCall, P.J., Post, R.J., Zouré, H., Noma, M., Yaméogo, L., Sékétéli, A.V. and Amazigo, U.V. (2009) The elimination of the onchocerciasis vector from the island of Bioko as a result of larviciding by the WHO African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control. Acta Tropica, 111 (3). pp. 211-218. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2009.03.007)

Apoidea

Fountain, Michelle T., Baroffio, Catherine, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Brain, Phil, Cross, Jerry V., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R., Ralle, Baiba, Rendina, Paulo, Richoz, Pauline, Sigsgaard, Lene, Storberget, Sverre, Trandem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2017) Design and deployment of semiochemical traps for capturing 1 Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Lygus rugulipennis Poppius (Hetereoptera: Miridae) in soft fruit crops. Crop Protection, 99. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2017.05.001)

application

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

aquatic animals

Grant, Ian F. and Tingle, Colin C. D., (eds.) (2002) Ecological monitoring methods for the assessment of pesticide impacts in the tropics. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545431

aquatic insects

Reynolds, Don R., Reynolds, Andrew M. and Chapman, Jason W. (2014) Non-volant modes of migration in terrestrial arthropods. Animal Migration, 2 (1). pp. 8-28. ISSN 2084-8838 (doi:10.2478/ami-2014-0002)

aqueous fruit extracts

Madzimure, James, Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Hove, Thokozani, Belmain, Steve R., Stevenson, Philip C. and Mvumi, Brighton M. (2013) Efficacy of Strychnos spinosa (Lam.) and Solanum incanum L. aqueous fruit extracts against cattle ticks. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 45 (6). pp. 1341-1347. ISSN 0049-4747 (Print), 1573-7438 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11250-013-0367-6)

aqueous plant extracts

Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hove, Thokozani, Mvumi, Brighton M., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Belmain, Steven R., Madzimure, James and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6 (13). pp. 2674-2680. ISSN 1996-0875 (doi:10.5897/JMPR11.1767)

Arabia

Ritchie, J. M. and Dobson, H. (1995) Desert locust control operations and their environmental impacts. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544179 ISSN 0952-8245

Arabidopsis

Collins, Carl, Maruthi, M N and Jahn, Courtney E. (2015) CYCD3 D-type cyclins regulate cambial cell proliferation and secondary growth inArabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66 (15). pp. 4595-4606. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erv218)

armyworm

Chapman, Jason W., Reynolds, Don R., Mouritsen, Henrik, Hill, Jane K., Riley, Joe R., Sivell, Duncan, Smith, Alan D. and Woiwod, Ian P. (2008) Wind selection and drift compensation optimize migratory pathways in a high-flying moth. Current Biology, 18 (7). pp. 514-518. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2008.02.080)

Cheke, R. A., Rosenberg, L. J. and Kieser, M. E. (eds.) (2000) Workshop on research p riorities for migrant pests of agriculture in Southern Africa, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, 24–26 March 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545229

Cheke, Robert A., Tang, Sanyi and Tratalos, Jamie A. (2014) Predator–prey population models of migrant insects with phase change. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 71 (8). pp. 2221-2230. ISSN 1054-3139 (Print), 1095-9289 (Online) (doi:10.1093/icesjms/fst150)

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

Redman, Elizabeth M., Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Cory, Jenny S. (2010) High levels of genetic diversity in Spodoptera exempta NPV from Tanzania. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 105 (2). pp. 190-193. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2010.06.008)

Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Mushobozi, Wilfred L. (2009) Biological control of armyworm in Africa: pitfalls and solutions. Pesticides News (84). pp. 18-19.

armyworm moth

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

arrestant

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2007) Prey-specific contact kairomones exploited by adult and larval Teretrius nigrescens: a behavioural comparison across different stored-product pests and different pest substrates. Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (3). pp. 265-275. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2006.06.009)

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Stewart-Jones, A., Stirrup, T.J., Hodges, R.J., Farman, D.I. and Hall, D.R. (2009) Analysis of free fatty acids in food substrates and in the dust and frass of stored-product pests: Potential for species discrimination? Journal of Stored Products Research, 45 (2). pp. 119-124. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2008.10.003)

arrestment

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Arsenophonus

Ghosh, Saptarshi, Bouvaine, Sophie, Richardson, Simon C. W., Ghanim, Murad and Maruthi, M. N. (2017) Fitness costs associated with infections of secondary endosymbionts in the cassava whitefly species Bemisia tabaci. Journal of Pest Science, 91. pp. 17-28. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-017-0910-8)

Artemisia

Davies, Michael J., Atkinson, Christopher J., Burns, Corrinne, Woolley, Jack G., Hipps, Neil A., Arroo, Randolph R.J., Dungey, Nigel, Robinson, Trevor, Brown, Paul, Flockart, Ian, Hill, Colin, Smith, Lydia and Bentley, Steven (2009) Enhancement of artemisinin concentration and yield in response to optimization of nitrogen and potassium supply to Artemisia annua. Annals of Botany, 104 (2). pp. 315-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcp126)

Artemisia annua

Davies, M. J., Atkinson, C. J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Artemisinin

Davies, M. J., Atkinson, C. J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

arthropods

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

artificial diet

Armes, N. J., Bond, G. S. and Cooter, R. J. (1992) The laboratory culture and development of Helicoverpa Armigera. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (57) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543250 ISSN 0952-8245

Arvicanthis

Massawe, Apia W., Mulungu, Loth S., Makundi, Rhodes H., Dlamini, Nomfundo, Eiseb, Seth J., Kirsten, Frikkie, Mahlaba, Themb'alilahlwa, Malebane, Phanuel, Von Maltitz, Emil, Monadjem, Ara, Taylor, Peter, Tutjavi, Vassana and Belmain, Steven R. (2011) Spatial and temporal population dynamics of rodents in three geographically different regions in Africa: implication for ecologically-based rodent management. African Zoology, 46 (2). pp. 393-405. ISSN 1562-7020 (Print), 2224-073X (Online) (doi:10.3377/004.046.0219)

Arylbenzofuran

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Phythian, Sara J., Veitch, Nigel C. and Hall, David R. (2006) Synthesis of cicerfuran, an antifungal benzofuran, and some related analogues. Tetrahedron, 62 (17). pp. 4214-4226. ISSN 0040-4020 (doi:10.1016/j.tet.2006.02.015)

ash

Springate, S. and Arnold, S. E. J. (2012) New records of ash whitefly Siphoninus phillyreae(Halliday) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Kent. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 25 (4). pp. 215-216. ISSN 0952-7583

Asia

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Lenné, Jillian M. (1991) Diseases and pests of sweet potato: south-east Asia, the Pacific and East Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 46). [Working Paper]

Ritchie, J. M. and Dobson, H. (1995) Desert locust control operations and their environmental impacts. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544179 ISSN 0952-8245

Sweetmore, Anne, Rothschild, George and Eden-Green, Simon (eds.) (2001) Perpespective on pests. Achievement of research under the UK Department for International Development's Crop Protection Programme, 1996-2000. Natural Resources International Limited, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0953927415

Asian

Yadav, Shyam S., Stevenson, Philip C., Rizvi, A.H., Manohar, M., Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 33-46. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_4 for chapter))

assessment

Ndunguru, G.T., Modaha, F., Bancroft, R.D., Mashamba, F., Digges, P.D., Kleih, U. and Westby, A. (1995) The use of needs assessment methodologies to focus technical interventions in root and tuber crop post-harvest systems: a case study to improve the marketing and post-harvest handling of cassava entering Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In: International Society of Tropical Root Crops - Africa Branch Meeting, 23-27 Oct 1995, Lilongwe, Malawi.

assessment methods

Grant, Ian F. and Tingle, Colin C. D., (eds.) (2002) Ecological monitoring methods for the assessment of pesticide impacts in the tropics. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545431

assessment mothodology

Silva, G.L. (1989) Potential for improving rice production in Tabora Region, Tanzania and implications for village planning (ODNRI Bulletin No. 29). [Working Paper]

assessment technique

Jago, N.D. (1993) Millet crop-loss assessment methods (NRI Bulletin 62). [Working Paper]

Asuncion

Nicolaides, Linda (1990) Report on a visit to the Institute Nacional de Tecnoloqia y Normalizacion (INTN), Asuncion, Paraguay, to provide technical assistance in the area of food microbiology. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Atmospheric Turbulence

Hu, Gao, Lim, Ka Sing, Reynolds, Don R., Reynolds, Andy M. and Chapman, Jason W. (2016) Wind-related orientation patterns in diurnal, crepuscular and nocturnal high-altitude insect migrants. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10:32. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1662-5153 (Online) (doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00032)

atmospheric dispersal

Reynolds, Andy M. and Reynolds, Don R. (2008) Aphid aerial density profiles are consistent with turbulent advection amplifying flight behaviours: abandoning the epithet ‘passive’. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 276 (1654). pp. 137-143. ISSN 0962-8452 (Print), 1471-2954 (Online) (doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0880)

atmospheric dispersion models

Reynolds, Andy M., Reynolds, Don R., Smith, Alan D. and Chapman, Jason W. (2009) A single wind-mediated mechanism explains high-altitude ‘non-goal oriented’ headings and layering of nocturnally migrating insects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 277 (1682). pp. 765-772. ISSN 0962-8452 (Print), 1471-2954 (Online) (doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.1221)

atmospheric transport

Reynolds, Don R., Chapman, Jason W. and Stewart, Alan J..A. (2017) Windborne migration of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) over Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 114. pp. 554-564. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2017.070)

Reynolds, Don R., Nau, Bernard S. and Chapman, Jason W. (2013) High-altitude migration of Heteroptera in Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 110 (3). pp. 483-492. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2013.064)

Attractant

Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ammagarahalli, Byrappa, Hall, David, Pajares, Juan A. and Gemeno, César (2015) Smoke, pheromone and kairomone olfactory receptor neurons in males and females of the pine sawyer Monochamus galloprovincialis (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Journal of Insect Physiology, 82. pp. 46-55. ISSN 0022-1910 (Print), 1879-1611 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.08.004)

attractant baits

Cork, A. and Hall, M.J.R. (2007) Development of an odour-baited target for female New World screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax: studies with host baits and synthetic wound fluids. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 21 (1). pp. 85-92. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.00661.x)

Attractants

Isberg, Elin, Bray, Daniel Peter, Hillbur, Ylva and Ignell, Rickard (2017) Evaluation of host-derived volatiles for trapping Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (7). pp. 662-669. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0860-x)

Rayaisse, J.B., Tirados, I., Kaba, D., Dewhirst, S.Y., Logan, J.G., Diarrassouba, A., Salou, E., Omolo, M.O., Solano, P., Lehane, M.J., Pickett, J.A., Vale, G.A., Torr, S.J.. and Esterhuizen, J. (2010) Prospects for the development of odour baits to control the tsetse flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4 (3). e632. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000632)

Torr, Steve J. and Solano, Philippe (2010) Olfaction in Glossina – host interactions: a tale of two tsetse. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 265-290. ISBN 9789086860913

attracticide

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

attraction

Torr, S.J., Chamisa, A., Vale, G.A., Lehane, M.J. and Lindh, J.M. (2011) Responses of tsetse flies, Glossina morsitans morsitans and Glossina pallidipes, to baits of various size. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25. ISSN 1365-2915 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00947.x)

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (1). pp. 80-100. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y)

attractor

Cheke, Robert A., Tang, Sanyi and Tratalos, Jamie A. (2014) Predator–prey population models of migrant insects with phase change. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 71 (8). pp. 2221-2230. ISSN 1054-3139 (Print), 1095-9289 (Online) (doi:10.1093/icesjms/fst150)

Auchenorrhyncha

Reynolds, Don R., Chapman, Jason W. and Stewart, Alan J..A. (2017) Windborne migration of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) over Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 114. pp. 554-564. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2017.070)

augmentation

Tang, Sanyi, Tang, Guangyao and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Optimum timing for integrated pest management: Modelling rates of pesticide application and natural enemy releases. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 264 (2). pp. 623-638. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.02.034)

Augmentation order

Zhang, X, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2015) Models to assess how best to replace dengue virus vectors with Wolbachia-infected mosquito populations. Mathematical Biosciences, 269. pp. 164-177. ISSN 0025-5564 (Print), 1879-3134 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2015.09.004)

Augmentation quantity

Zhang, X, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2015) Models to assess how best to replace dengue virus vectors with Wolbachia-infected mosquito populations. Mathematical Biosciences, 269. pp. 164-177. ISSN 0025-5564 (Print), 1879-3134 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2015.09.004)

Augmentation times

Zhang, X, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2015) Models to assess how best to replace dengue virus vectors with Wolbachia-infected mosquito populations. Mathematical Biosciences, 269. pp. 164-177. ISSN 0025-5564 (Print), 1879-3134 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2015.09.004)

Autographa gamma

Chapman, Jason W., Nilsson, Cecilia, Lim, Ka S., Bäckman, Johan, Reynolds, Don R. and Alerstam, Thomas (2015) Adaptive strategies in nocturnally migrating insects and songbirds: contrasting responses to wind. Journal Of Animal Ecology, 85 (1). pp. 115-124. ISSN 0021-8790 (Print), 1365-2656 (Online) (doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12420)

Chapman, Jason W., Reynolds, Don R. and Wilson, Kenneth (2015) Long-range seasonal migration in insects: mechanisms, evolutionary drivers and ecological consequences. Ecology Letters, 18 (3). pp. 287-302. ISSN 1461-023X (Print), 1461-0248 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ele.12407)

autoSNP

Lorenc, Michał T., Hayashi, Satomi, Stiller, Jiri, Lee, Hong, Manoli, Sahana, Ruperao, Pradeep, Visendi, Paul, Berkman, Paul J., Lai, Kaitao, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2012) Discovery of single nucleotide polymorphisms in complex genomes using SGSautoSNP. Biology, 1 (3). pp. 370-382. ISSN 2079-7737 (Print), 2079-7737 (Online) (doi:10.3390/biology1020370)

Average treatment effect

Ogwuike, Philomena, Rodenburg, Jonne, Diagne, Aliou, Agboh-Noameshie, Afiavi R. and Amovin-Assagba, Eyram (2014) Weed management in upland rice in sub-Saharan Africa: impact on labor and crop productivity. Food Security, 6 (3). pp. 327-337. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0351-7)

aversion

Hurst, Victoria, Stevenson, Philip C. and Wright, Geraldine A. (2014) Toxins induce ‘malaise’ behaviour in the honeybee (Apis mellifera). Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, 200 (10). pp. 881-890. ISSN 0340-7594 (Print), 1432-1351 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00359-014-0932-0)

avian malaria parasites

Durrant, Kate L., Reed, Jennifer L., Jones, Peter J., Dallimer, Martin, Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N. and Fleischer, Robert C. (2007) Variation in haematozoan parasitism at local and landscape levels in the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea. Journal of Avian Biology, 38 (6). pp. 662-671. ISSN 0908-8857 (doi:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2007.04034.x)

avicide

Elliott, Clive C.H., Mtobesya, Boaz N. and Cheke, Robert A. (2014) Alternative approaches to Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea management: mass-capture for food. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 85 (1). pp. 31-37. ISSN 0030-6525 (Print), 1727-947X (Online) (doi:10.2989/00306525.2014.900827)

axillary shoot multiplication

Thokozani, Blackson L.K., Zulu, Donald, Sileshi, Gudeta W., Teklehaimanot, Zewge, Gondwe, Dominic S.B., Sarasan, Viswambharan and Stevenson, Philip (2011) Seed germination and in vitro regeneration of the African medicinal and pesticidal plant, Bobgunnia madagascariensis. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (32). pp. 5959-5966. ISSN 1684-5315

Azadirachta

Nyirenda, Stephen P., Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Kamanula, John F., Mvumi, Brighton M., Sola, Phosiso, Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers’ ethno-ecological knowledge of vegetable pests and pesticidal plant use in Malawi and Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (6). pp. 1525-1537. ISSN 1991-637X

B value

Büchi, Lucie, Gebhard, Claude-Alain, Liebisch, Frank, Sinaj, Sokrat, Ramseier, Hans and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Accumulation of biologically fixed nitrogen by legumes cultivated as cover crops in Switzerland. Plant and Soil, 393 (1-2). pp. 163-175. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2476-7)

bacilliform virus

Bousalem, M., Douzery, E.J.P. and Seal, S.E. (2008) Taxonomy, molecular phylogeny and evolution of plant reverse transcribing viruses (family Caulimoviridae) inferred from full-length genome and reverse transcriptase sequences. Archives of Virology, 153 (6). pp. 1085-1102. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-008-0095-9)

Seal, Susan and Muller, Emanuelle (2007) Molecular analysis of a full-length sequence of a new yam badnavirus from Dioscorea sansibarensis. Archives of Virology, 152 (4). pp. 819-825. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-006-0888-7)

Bacillus thuringiensis

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

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Backward bifurcation

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Zhang, Xianghong, Tang, Sanyi, Liu, Qiyong, Cheke, Robert A. and Zhu, Huaiping (2018) Models to assess the effects of non-identical sex ratio augmentations of Wolbachia-carrying mosquitoes on the control of dengue disease. Mathematical Biosciences. ISSN 0025-5564 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2018.03.003)

bacterial diversity

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

bacterial leaf blight

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bacterial wilt

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Bactericera cockerelli

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

Baculovirus

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Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

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Redman, Elizabeth M., Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Cory, Jenny S. (2010) High levels of genetic diversity in Spodoptera exempta NPV from Tanzania. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 105 (2). pp. 190-193. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2010.06.008)

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

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Badna-PCR

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badnavirus

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Bömer, Moritz, Turaki, Aliyu A., Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2016) A sequence-independent strategy for amplification and characterisation of episomal badnavirus sequences reveals three previously uncharacterised yam badnaviruses. Viruses, 8:188. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v8070188)

Seal, Susan, Turaki, Aliyu, Muller, Emmanuelle, Kumar, P. Lava, Kenyon, Lawrence, Filloux, Denis, Galzi, Serge, Lopez-Montes, Antonio and Iskra-Caruana, Marie-Line (2014) The prevalence of badnaviruses in West African yams (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata) and evidence of endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in their genomes. Virus Research, 186. pp. 144-154. ISSN 0168-1702 (Print), 1872-7492 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2014.01.007)

Turaki, Aliyu A., Bömer, Moritz, Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2017) PCR-DGGE analysis: Unravelling complex mixtures of badnavirus sequences present in yam germplasm. Viruses, 9 (7). p. 181. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v9070181)

bagstacks

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bait technique

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baited traps

Tirados, Iñaki, Costantini, C., Gibson, Gabriella and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 20 (4). pp. 425-437. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.652.x)

baits

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baker's yeast

Flynn, G. and Adams, M. R. (1981) An industrial profile of yeast production. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541398

BALB/c mice

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bamboo masting

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banana

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Wickramaarachchi, W. A. R. T., Shankarappa, K. S., Rangaswamy, K. T., Maruthi, M.N., Rajapakse, R. G. A. S. and Ghosh, Saptarshi (2016) Molecular characterization of banana bunchy top virus isolate from Sri Lanka and its genetic relationship with other isolates. VirusDisease, 27 (2). pp. 154-160. ISSN 2347-3584 (Print), 2347-3517 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s13337-016-0311-2)

banana bunchy top disease

Thresh, J. Michael (1998) The ecology of tropical plant viruses. Inaugural Lecture Series . Greenwich University Press, Chatham, UK. ISBN 1861661037

banana bunchy top virus

Lava Kumar, P., Ayodele, M., Oben, T.T., Mahungu, N.M., Beed, F., Coyne, D., Londa, L., Mutunda, M.P., Kiala, D. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) First report of Banana bunchy top virus in banana and plantain (Musa spp.) in Angola. Plant Pathology, 58 (2). p. 402. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01974.x)

banana-streak-virus

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Bandicota

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bands

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

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Bangaladesh

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Alam, S.N., Kader, K.A., Cork, Alan and Colvin, John (2006) A novel begomovirus with distinct genomic and phenotypic features infects tomato in Bangladesh. Plant Pathology, 55 (2). p. 290. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01275.x)

Bangladesh

Belmain, Steven, Htwe, Nyo Me, Kamal, Nazira Q. and Singleton, Grant R. (2015) Estimating rodent losses to stored rice as a means to assess efficacy of rodent management. Wildlife Research, 42 (2). pp. 132-142. ISSN 1035-3712 (Print), 1448-5494 (Online) (doi:10.1071/WR14189)

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Mortimer, A.M., Riches, C.R., Mazid, M., Pandey, S. and Johnson, D.E. (2008) Issues related to direct seeding of rice in rainfed cropping systems in northwest Bangladesh. In: Singh, Y., Singh, V.P., Chauhan, B., Orr, Alastair, Mortimer, A.M., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Direct Seeding of Rice and Weed Management in the Irrigated Rice-Wheat Cropping System of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines, pp. 23-30. ISBN 978-971-22-0236-0

Barbados

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Barind Tract

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bats

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Bayesian

O'Hanlon, Simon J., Slater, Hannah C., Cheke, Robert, Boatin, Boakye A., Coffeng, Luc E., Pion, Sebastian D.S., Boussinesq, Michel, Zoure, Honorat G.M., Stolk, Wilma A. and Basanez, Maria-Gloria (2016) Model-based geostatistical mapping of the prevalence of onchocerca volvulus in West Africa. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases:10(1): e0004. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004328)

BBTV

Wickramaarachchi, W. A. R. T., Shankarappa, K. S., Rangaswamy, K. T., Maruthi, M.N., Rajapakse, R. G. A. S. and Ghosh, Saptarshi (2016) Molecular characterization of banana bunchy top virus isolate from Sri Lanka and its genetic relationship with other isolates. VirusDisease, 27 (2). pp. 154-160. ISSN 2347-3584 (Print), 2347-3517 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s13337-016-0311-2)

Bead array

van Brunschot, Sharon L., Bergervoet, Jan H. W., Pagendam, Daniel E., de Weerdt, Marjanne, Geering, Andrew D. W., Drenth, André and van der Vlugt, René A. A. (2014) Development of a multiplexed bead-based suspension array for the detection and discrimination of Pospiviroid plant pathogens. PLoS ONE, 9 (1):e84743. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084743)

bean common mosaic potyvirus

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bean virus

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beans

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bee vision

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Arnold, Sarah E.J., Faruq, Samia, Savolainen, Vincent, McOwan, Peter W. and Chittka, Lars (2010) FReD: the Floral Reflectance Database - a web portal for analyses of flower colour. PLoS ONE, 5 (12). e14287. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014287)

Stevenson, Philip C., Nicolson, Susan W. and Wright, Geraldine A. (2016) Plant secondary metabolites in nectar: impacts on pollinators and ecological functions. Functional Ecology, 31. pp. 65-75. ISSN 0269-8463 (Print), 1365-2435 (Online) (doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12761)

begomorovirus

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

begomovirus

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S. and Maruthi, M.N. (2008) Detection of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codieum variegatum) in southern India. Journal of Plant Pathology, 90 (1). p. 143. ISSN 1125-4653

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S. and Thresh, J.M. (2002) First report of a distinct begomovirus infecting cassava in Zanzibar. Plant Disease, 86 (2). p. 187. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.187A)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Sharma, A., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Dubey, R.K. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Duranta leaf curl disease in India is associated with a begomovirus. Indian Journal of Virology, 20. pp. 5-6. ISSN 0970-2822

Wasswa, P., Otto, B., Maruthi, M.N., Mukasa, S.B., Monger, W. and Gibson, R.W. (2011) First identification of a sweet potato begomovirus (sweepovirus) in Uganda: Characterization, detection and distribution. Plant Pathology, 60 (6). pp. 1030-1039. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02464.x)

begomoviruses

Aswatha Narayana, D.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Shankarappa, K.S., Maruthi, M.N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Rekha, A.R. and Keshava Murthy, K.V. (2007) Distinct begomoviruses closely related to cassava mosaic viruses cause Indian Jatropha mosaic disease. International Journal of Virology, 3 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1816-4900 (doi:10.3923/ijv.2007.1.11)

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Alam, S.N., Kader, K.A., Cork, Alan and Colvin, John (2006) A novel begomovirus with distinct genomic and phenotypic features infects tomato in Bangladesh. Plant Pathology, 55 (2). p. 290. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01275.x)

behavior

Chapman, Jason W., Reynolds, Don R., Mouritsen, Henrik, Hill, Jane K., Riley, Joe R., Sivell, Duncan, Smith, Alan D. and Woiwod, Ian P. (2008) Wind selection and drift compensation optimize migratory pathways in a high-flying moth. Current Biology, 18 (7). pp. 514-518. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2008.02.080)

behaviour

Esterhuizen, Johan, Rayaisse, Jean Baptiste, Tirados, Inaki, Mpiana, Serge, Solano, Philippe, Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Michael J. and Torr, Stephen J. (2011) Improving the cost-effectiveness of visual devices for the control of Riverine tsetse flies, the major vectors of Human African Trypanosomiasis. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5 (8):e1257. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001257)

Hawkes, Frances and Gibson, Gabriella (2016) Seeing is believing: the nocturnal malarial mosquito Anopheles coluzzii responds to visual host-cues when odour indicates a host is nearby. Parasites & Vectors, 8. p. 320. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-016-1609-z)

Lindh, Jenny M., Goswami, Parikshit, Blackburn, Richard S., Arnold, Sarah E.J., Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Mike J. and Torr, Steve J. (2012) Optimizing the colour and fabric of targets for the control of the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6 (5):e1661. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001661)

Sawadogo, Simon P., Costantini, Carlo, Pennetier, Cédric, Diabaté, Abdoulaye, Gibson, Gabriella and Dabiré, Roch K. (2013) Differences in timing of mating swarms in sympatric populations of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. (formerly An. gambiae M and S molecular forms) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (1):275. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-275)

Schofield, Steve and Torr, Steve J. (2010) Behavioural modalities of "non-vector" biting Diptera: from olfaction to feeding. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 291-308. ISBN 9789086860913

Tiedeken, Erin Jo, Stout, Jane C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Wright, Geraldine A. (2014) Bumblebees are not deterred by ecologically relevant concentrations of nectar toxins. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 217 (9). pp. 1620-1625. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.097543)

Tirados, Inaki, Esterhuizen, Johan, Rayaisse, Jean Baptiste, Diarrassouba, Abdoulaye, Kaba, Dramane, Mpiana, Serge, Vale, Glyn A., Solano, Philippe, Lehane, Michael J. and Torr, Stephen J. (2011) How do tsetse recognise their hosts? The role of shape in the responses of tsetse (Glossina fuscipes and G. palpalis) to artificial hosts. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5 (8). e1226. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001226)

Torr, S.J., Chamisa, A., Vale, G.A., Lehane, M.J. and Lindh, J.M. (2011) Responses of tsetse flies, Glossina morsitans morsitans and Glossina pallidipes, to baits of various size. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25. ISSN 1365-2915 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00947.x)

Torr, S.J., Mangwiro, T.N.C. and Hall, D.R. (2011) Shoo fly, don't bother me! Efficacy of traditional methods of protecting cattle from tsetse. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25 (2). pp. 192-201. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2010.00942.x)

Belize

Baillie, I. C., Wright, A. C. S., Holder, M. A. and Fitzpatrick, E. A. (1993) Revised classification of the soils of Belize. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (59) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543447 ISSN 0952-8245

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1976) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa grown on Mountain Pine Ridge, Belize. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 085954057X

Bemisia afer

Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, R.J., Mtunda, K., Raya, M.D., Muhanna, M., Kiozia, H., Rekha, A.R., Colvin, J. and Thresh, J.M. (2005) Transmission of Cassava brown streak virus by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Journal Of Phytopathology, 153 (5). pp. 307-312. ISSN 0931-1785 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.00974.x)

Wang, Hua-Ling, Xiao, Na, Yang, Jiao, Wang, Xiao-Wei, Colvin, John and Liu, Shu-Sheng (2016) The complete mitochondrial genome of Bemisia afer (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part A: DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis, 27 (1). pp. 98-99. ISSN 2470-1394 (Print), 2470-1408 (Online) (doi:10.3109/19401736.2013.873921)

Bemisia after

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Bemisia tabaci

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Banks, G.K., Colvin, J., Chowda, Reddy R.V., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V., Venkatesh, H.M., Kiran Kumar, M., Padmaja, A.S., Beitia, F.J. and Seal, S.E. (2001) First report of the Bemisia tabaci B biotype in India and an associated tomato leaf curl virus disease epidemic. Plant Disease, 85 (2). p. 231. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.2.231C)

Boykin, Laura M., Kinene, Tonny, Wainaina, James M., Savill, Anders, Seal, Susan, Mugerwa, Habibu, Macfadyen, Sarina, Tay, Wee Tek, De Barro, Paul, Kubatko, Laura, Alicai, Titus, Omongo, Christopher A., Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph and Sseruwagi, Peter (2018) Review and guide to a future naming system of African Bemisia tabaci species. Systematic Entomology. ISSN 0307-6970 (Print), 1365-3113 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1111/syen.12294)

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S., Gibson, G. and Cooper, J. (2002) Co-adaptation between cassava mosaic geminiviruses and their local vector populations. Virus Research, 86 (1-2). pp. 71-85. ISSN 0168-1702 (doi:10.1016/S0168-1702(02)00051-5)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, John, Gibson, Gabriella, Thwaites, Richard M., Banks, Gina K. and Seal, Susan E. (2004) Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Systematic Entomology, 29 (4). pp. 560-568. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00272.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Czosnek, H., Vidavski, F., Tarba, S-Y., Milo, J., Leviatov, S., Venkatesh, H.M., Padmaja, A.S., Kulkarni, R.S. and Muniyappa, V. (2003) Comparison of resistance to tomato leaf curl virus (India) and tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Israel) among Lycopersicon wild species, breeding lines and hybrids. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 109 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 0929-1873 (Print), 1573-8469 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1022091905911)

Maruthi, M.N., Manjunatha, B., Rekha, A.R., Govindappa, M.R., Colvin, John and Muniyappa, V. (2006) Dolichos yellow mosaic virus belongs to a distinct lineage of Old World begomoviruses; its biological and molecular properties. Annals of Applied Biology, 149 (2). pp. 187-195. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00075.x)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal of Phytopathology. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal Of Phytopathology, 165 (11-12). pp. 707-717. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Rajeshwari, R., Reddy, R.V.C., Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J., Seal, S.E. and Muniyappa, V. (2005) Host range, vector relationships and sequence comparison of a begomovirus infecting hibiscus in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 147 (1). pp. 15-25. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00005.x)

Seal, Susan, Jeger, M.J. and vandenBosch, F. (2006) Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 23-46. ISSN 0735-2689 (doi:10.1080/07352680500365257)

Shankarappa, K.S., Sriharsha, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Prameela, H.A., Kulkarni, R.S., Muniyappa, V., Rao, A.M. and Maruthi, M.N. (2008) Development of tomato hybrids resistant to tomato leaf curl virus disease in South India. Euphytica, 164 (2). pp. 531-539. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-008-9750-1)

Xie, Wen, Chen, Chunhai, Yang, Zezhong, Guo, Litao, Yang, Xin, Wang, Dan, Chen, Ming, Huang, Jinqun, Wen, Yanan, Zeng, Yang, Lui, Yating, Xia, Jixing, Tian, Lixia, Cui, Hongying, Wu, Qingjun, Wang, Shaoli, Xu, Baoyun, Li, Xianchun, Tan, Xinqiu, Ghanim, Murad, Qiu, Baoli, Pan, Huipeng, Chu, Dong, Delatte, Helene, Maruthi, M.N., Ge, Feng, Zhou, Xueping, Wang, Xiaowei, Wan, Fanghao, Du, Yuzhou, Luo, Chen, Yan, Fengming, Preisser, Evan L., Jiao, Xiaguo, Coates, Brad S., Zhao, Yinyang, Gao, Qiang, Xia, Jinquan, Yin, Ye, Liu, Yong, Brown, Judith K., Zhou, Xuguo Joe and Zhang, Youjun (2017) Genome sequencing of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemsia tabaci MED/Q. GigaScience, 6 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2041-1723 (doi:10.1093/gigascience/gix018)

van Brunschot, S.L., Bergervoet, J.H.W., Pagendam, D.E., de Weerdt, M., Geering, A.D.W., Drenth, A. and van der Vlugt, R.A.A. (2014) A bead-based suspension array for the multiplexed detection of begomoviruses and their whitefly vectors. Journal of Virological Methods, 198. pp. 86-94. ISSN 0166-0934 (Print), 1879-0984 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2013.12.014)

Bemisia tabaci whitefly species

Mugerwa, Habibu, Seal, Susan, Wang, Hua-Ling, Patel, Mitulkumar V., Kabaalu, Richard, Omongo, Christopher A., Alicai, Titus, Tairo, Fred, Ndunguru, Joseph, Sseruwagi, Peter and Colvin, John (2018) African ancestry of New World, Bemisia tabaci-whitefly species. Scientific Reports, 8 (1):2734. ISSN 2045-2322 (Print), 2045-2322 (Online) (doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20956-3)

beneficial insect predators

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

beneficiary

Cooper, Jerry and Dobson, Hans (2007) The benefits of pesticides to mankind and the environment. Crop Protection, 26 (9). pp. 1337-1348. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.03.022)

Benin

N’cho, Simon Akahoua, Mourits, Monique, Rodenburg, Jonne, Demont, Matty and Oude Lansink, Alfons (2014) Determinants of parasitic weed infestation in rainfed lowland rice in Benin. Agricultural Systems, 130. pp. 105-115. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.07.003)

Touré, Amadou, Rodenburg, Jonne, Saito, Kazuki, Oikeh, Sylvester, Futakuchi, Koichi, Gumedzoe, Dieudonné and Huat, Joel (2011) Cultivar and weeding effects on weeds and rice yields in a degraded upland environment of the Coastal Savanna. Weed Technology, 25 (03). pp. 322-329. ISSN 0890-037X (doi:10.1614/wt-d-10-00172.1)

benomyl resistance

Fahleson, J., Nakyanzi, M., Okori, P., Seal, S., Kenyon, L. and Dixelius, C. (2009) Genetic analysis of Mycosphaerella fijiensis in the Ugandan Lake Victoria region reveals a homogenous population. Plant Pathology, 58 (5). pp. 888-897. ISSN 1365-3059 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02099.x)

benzofurans

Getti, G. T. M., Aslam, S.N., Humber, D.P., Stevenson, P. C. and Cheke, R. A. (2006) The effect of Cicerfuran, an Arylbenzofuran from Cicer bijugum, and related Benzofurans and Stilbenes on Leishmania aethiopica, L. tropica and L. major. Planta Medica, 72 (10). pp. 907-911. ISSN 0032-0943 (doi:10.1055/s-2006-947187)

Benzyl 2-hydroxy-6-methoxybenzoate

Jayasekara, T.K., Stevenson, Philip, Belmain, Steven, Farman, Dudley and Hall, David (2002) Identification of methyl salicylate as the principal volatile component in the methanol extract of root bark ofSecuridaca longepedunculata Fers. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 37 (6). pp. 577-580. ISSN 1076-5174 (Print), 1096-9888 (Online) (doi:10.1002/jms.314)

Best Management Practices

Krupnik, Timothy J., Shennan, Carol, Settle, William H., Demont, Matty, Ndiaye, Alassane B. and Rodenburg, Jonne (2012) Improving irrigated rice production in the Senegal River Valley through experiential learning and innovation. Agricultural Systems, 109. pp. 101-112. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2012.01.008)

Betabaculovirus

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, D. and Moore, S. (2017) Production, formulation, and bioassay of baculoviruses for pest control. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests from Theory to Practice. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 109-124. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00007-X)

Beverton-Holt equations

Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Xiao, Yanni (2006) Optimal impulsive harvesting on non-autonomous Beverton-Holt difference equations. Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, 65 (12). pp. 2311-2341. ISSN 0362-546X (doi:10.1016/j.na.2006.02.049)

Beverton–Holt model

Wang, Xia, Xu, Zihui, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2017) Cumulative effects of incorrect use of pesticides can lead to catastrophic outbreaks of pests. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 100. pp. 7-19. ISSN 0960-0779 (doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2017.04.030)

Bi-threshold value

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Dynamical analysis of plant disease models with cultural control strategies and economic thresholds. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 80 (5). pp. 894-921. ISSN 0378-4754 (doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2009.10.004)

Biannual

Frempong, Kwadwo K., Walker, Martin, Cheke, Robert, Tetevi, Edward J., Gyan, Ernest T., Owusu, Ebenezer O., Wilson, Michael D., Boakye, Daniel A., Taylor, Mark J., Biritwum, Nana-Kwadwo, Osei-Atweneboana, Mike and Basanez, Maria-Gloria (2016) Does increasing treatment frequency address sub-optimal responses to ivermectin for the control and elimination of river blindness? Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62 (11). pp. 1338-1347. ISSN 1058-4838 (Print), 1537-6591 (Online) (doi:10.1093/cid/ciw144)

bibliography

Cherrett, J. M. and Cherrett, F. J. (1989) A bibliography of the leaf-cutting ants, Atta spp. and Acromyrmex spp., up to 1975. Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute Bulletin No. 14 . Overseas Development Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, Kent. ISBN 0859542505 ISSN 0952-8245

Davis, C. (1991) Bibliography of Cicadulina (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) vectors of maize streak and related viruses (NRI Bulletin No. 40). [Working Paper]

Grellier, R. (1995) All in good time: Women's agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544028

Wright, I.T.J. and McNeil, J. (1988) A bibliography of the Oriental Armyworm, Mythimna separata (Walker) (ODNRI Bulletin No. 3). [Working Paper]

biconical trap

Lindh, Jenny M., Torr, Steve J., Vale, Glyn A. and Lehane, Mike J. (2009) Improving the cost-effectiveness of artificial visual baits for controlling the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 3 (7). e474. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000474)

Biennial bearing

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

Bifenthrin

Cross, Jerry V., Harris, Adrian L., Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2016) Assessment of the effects of crop injury by blackcurrant leaf midge, Dasineura tetensii (Rubsaamen) (Cecidomyiidae) on yield and growth in commercial blackcurrant plantations. Crop Protection, 82. pp. 51-59. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2016.01.006)

bifurcation

Cheke, Robert A., Tang, Sanyi and Tratalos, Jamie A. (2014) Predator–prey population models of migrant insects with phase change. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 71 (8). pp. 2221-2230. ISSN 1054-3139 (Print), 1095-9289 (Online) (doi:10.1093/icesjms/fst150)

Biochar

Atkinson, Chris (2017) Using biomass waste in the remediation of degraded Land. In: NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries, 15-17 February 2017, Dehli, India.

Atkinson, Christopher J. (2018) How good is the evidence that soil applied biochar improves water holding capacity? Soil Use and Management. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (In Press)

Jay, Chantelle, Fitzgerald, Jean, Hipps, Neil and Atkinson, Christopher (2015) Why short-term biochar application has no yield benefits; evidence from three field-grown crops. Soil Use and Management, 31 (2). pp. 241-250. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (doi:10.1111/sum.12181)

biodiversity

Anwana, E.D., Cheke, R. A., Martin, A. M., Obireke, L., Asei, M., Otufu, P. and Otobotekere, D. (2010) The crocodile is our brother: sacred lakes of the Niger Delta, implications for conservation management. In: Verschuuren, Bas, Wild, Robert, Mcneely, Jeffrey and Oviedo, Gonzalo, (eds.) Sacred Natural Sites: Conserving Nature and Culture. Earthscan / International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), London / Washington, DC, pp. 129-138. ISBN 9781849711661

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

Mustapha, M., McCall, P.J., Cheke, Robert A. and Post, R.J. (2006) The blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Bioko (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) and the Gulf of Guinea with a description of the larvae of the 'Pomeroy' form of Simulium cervicornutum. Systematic Entomology, 31 (4). pp. 611-620. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00330.x)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Zwart, Sander J., Kiepe, Paul, Narteh, Lawrence T., Dogbe, Wilson and Wopereis, Marco C.S. (2013) Sustainable rice production in African inland valleys: Seizing regional potentials through local approaches. Agricultural Systems, 123. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.09.004)

biodiversity conservation

Idol, Travis, Haggar, Jeremy and Cox, Linda (2011) Ecosystem services from smallholder forestry and agroforestry in the tropics. In: Campbell, W. Bruce and López Ortíz, Silvia, (eds.) Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the field. Issues in Agroecology – Present Status and Future Prospectus (1). Springer, Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London / New York, pp. 209-270. ISBN 978-94-007-1308-6 (print), 978-94-007-1309-3 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1309-3_5)

Bioflows

Hu, Gao, Lim, Ka S., Horvitz, Nir, Clark, Suzanne J., Reynolds, Don R., Sapir, Nir and Chapman, Jason W. (2016) Mass seasonal bioflows of high-flying insect migrants. Science, 354 (6319). pp. 1584-1587. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.aah4379)

biofortification

Namanda, Sam (2012) Current and potential systems for maintaining sweetpotato planting material in areas with prolonged dry seasons: a biological, social and economic framework. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

biogeography

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R. and Muniyappa, V. (2007) Pumpkin yellow vein mosaic disease is caused by two distinct begomoviruses: complete viral sequences and comparative transmission by an indigenous Bemisia tabaci and the introduced B-biotype. EPPO Bulletin, 37 (2). pp. 412-419. ISSN 0250-8052 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2007.01127.x)

Bioinformatics

Visendi, Paul, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2013) Next generation sequencing and germplasm resources. Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources. Springer, Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 369-390. ISBN 978-9400775718 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7572-5_15)

Bioko

Cheke, Robert A., Meyer, Rolf R.F., Barro, Tele, Mas, Jordi, Sima, Anacleto Nsue, Abaga, Simon Ekwa, Noma, Mounkaila, Sékétéli, Azo V. and Wilson, Michael D. (2009) Towards the elimination of the Bioko form of Simulium yahense from Bioko: planning and insecticide trials. Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 19 (2). pp. 132-141. ISSN 1648-6919 (doi:10.2478/v10043-009-0013-8)

Cheke, Robert A., Tirados, Iñaki, Mas, Jordi, Geenan, Petra, Adjaru, Jose Manuel Mba, Bouaha, Juan Luis Alfonso, Sima, Anacleto Nsue, Meyer, Rolf R.F. and Wilson, Michael D. (2006) Onchocerciasis transmission by the Bioko form of Simulium yahense Vajime & Dunbar 1975 (Diptera: Simuliidae). Studia dipterologica supplement, 14. pp. 26-30. ISSN 1433-4968 (doi:3-932795-23-7)

Biological control

Gibson, R.W. and Sweetmore, A., (eds.) (1991) Proceedings of a seminar on crop protection for resource poor farmers. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543218

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L., Parnell, Mark, Jolliffe, Flavia and Wilson, Kenneth (2007) Evaluation of Spodoptera exempta nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpexNPV) for the field control of African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) in Tanzania. Crop Protection, 27 (1). pp. 17-24. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.04.005)

Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Monadjem, Ara, McCleery, Robert and Belmain, Steven R (2017) Domestic cats and dogs create a landscape of fear for pest rodents around rural homesteads. PLoS ONE, 12 (2):e0171593. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171593)

Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert A. and Xiao, Yanni (2009) Effects of predator and prey dispersal on success or failure of biological control. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 71 (8). pp. 2025-2047. ISSN 0092-8240 (Print), 1522-9602 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11538-009-9438-2)

Wilson, Kenneth, Grzywacz, David and Mushobozi, Wilfred L. (2009) Biological control of armyworm in Africa: pitfalls and solutions. Pesticides News (84). pp. 18-19.

biological control agents

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

biological pesticides

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Rabindra, R.J. and Grzywacz, D. (2010) Use and regulation of microbial pesticides in representative jurisdictions worldwide - India. In: Kabaluk, J. Todd, Svircev, Antonet M., Goettel, Mark S. and Woo, Stephanie G., (eds.) The Use and Regulation of Microbial Pesticides in Representative Jurisdictions Worldwide. IOBC Global, pp. 12-17.

Biomass production Weed control Grain yield Nutrient uptake Soil organic carbon DayCent model

Buchi, Lucie, Wendling, Marina, Amossé, Camille, Necpalova, Magdalena and Charles, Raphaël (2018) Importance of cover crops in alleviating negative effects of reduced soil tillage and promoting soil fertility in a winter wheat cropping system. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 256. pp. 92-104. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2018.01.005)

biometric

Bacchus, S. (1987) TDRI Tropical Pest Bulletin 7: A taxonomic and biometric study of the genus Cryptotermes (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). Technical Report. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK.

Biopesticide

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

biopesticides

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

biopores

Gregory, Peter J., Atkinson, Christopher J., Bengough, A. Glyn, Else, Mark A., Fernandez-Fernandez, Felicidad, Harrison, Richard J. and Schmidt, Sonja (2013) Contributions of roots and rootstocks to sustainable, intensified crop production. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64 (5). pp. 1209-1222. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/ers385)

Biorational pest management

Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2016) Pesticidal plants in African agriculture: Local uses and global perspectives. Outlooks on Pest Management, 27 (5):10. pp. 226-230. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v27_oct_10)

biosafety

Black, Robert, Fava, Fabio, Mattei, Niccolo, Seal, Susan and Verdier, Valerie (2011) Case studies on the use of biotechnologies and on biosafety provisions in four African countries. Journal of Biotechnology, 156 (4). pp. 370-381. ISSN 0168-1656 (doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2011.06.036)

biosafety level

Brewer, Helen C., Hird, Diane L., Bailey, Andy M., Seal, Susan E. and Foster, Gary D. (2018) A guide to the contained use of plant virus infectious clones. Plant Biotechnology Journal. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12876)

biosynthesis

Hall, David R., Amarawardana, Lakmali, Cross, Jerry V., Francke, Wittko, Boddum, Tina and Hillbur, Ylva (2012) The chemical ecology of cecidomyiid midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38 (1). pp. 2-22. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-011-0053-y)

Biotechnology

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

Black, Robert, Fava, Fabio, Mattei, Niccolo, Seal, Susan and Verdier, Valerie (2011) Case studies on the use of biotechnologies and on biosafety provisions in four African countries. Journal of Biotechnology, 156 (4). pp. 370-381. ISSN 0168-1656 (doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2011.06.036)

biotic factors

Lenné, Jillian M. (1991) Diseases and pests of sweet potato: south-east Asia, the Pacific and East Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 46). [Working Paper]

Biotransformation

Martins, Mónica, Assunção, Ana, Neto, André, Silva, Gonçalo, Sghaier, Haïtham and Costa, Maria Clara (2016) Performance and bacterial community shifts during phosphogypsum biotransformation. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227 (12):437. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0049-6979 (Print), 1573-2932 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11270-016-3129-z)

biotype

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Mirza, S.H., Alam, S.N. and Colvin, John (2007) PCR-based detection and partial genome sequencing indicate high genetic diversity in Bangladeshi begomoviruses and their whitefly vector, Bemisia tabaci. Virus Genes, 34 (3). pp. 373-385. ISSN 0920-8569 (doi:10.1007/s11262-006-0027-2)

biotypes

Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Rekha, A.R., Raghavendra, N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Chancellor, Tim and Maruthi, M.N. (2007) Development of silverleaf assay, protein and nucleic acid-based diagnostic techniques for the quick and reliable detection and monitoring of biotype B of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97 (5). pp. 503-513. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1017/S0007485307005251)

bird pest

Borello, Wendy D. and Cheke, Robert A. (2011) Fidelity to non-breeding grounds by migrant Red-billed Quelea quelea lathami in Botswana. The Babbler (Journal of Birdlife Botswana), 56. pp. 11-14. (doi:http://www.researchgate.net/publication/235343855_Fidelity_to_non-breeding_grounds_by_migrant_Red-billed_Quelea_Quelea_quelea_lathamii_in_Botswana)

bird pest control

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

Cheke, Robert A., Venn, Jon F. and Jones, Peter J. (2007) Forecasting suitable breeding conditions for the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea in southern Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44 (3). pp. 523-533. ISSN 0021-8901 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01295.x)

bird predation

Cheke, Robert A., Mullie, W.C. and Ibrahim, A.B. (2006) Synergy between bird predation and locust control with Metarhizium. In: ANCAP/SETAC International Conference on pesticide use in developing countries: environmental fate, effects and public health implications, 16-20 Oct 2006, Arusha, Tanzania. (Unpublished)

bird species

Cheke, Robert A. (2016) Red Kites and Common Buzzard following the hay harvest. British Birds, 109. pp. 300-302. ISSN 0007-0335

birds

Atkinson, Philip W., Adams, William M., Brouwer, Joost, Buchanan, Graham, Cheke, Robert A., Cresswell, Will, Hewson, Chris M., Hulme, Mark F., Manvell, Adam, Sheehan, Danae K., Small, Robert D.S., Sutherland, William J. and Vickery, Juliet A. (2014) Defining the key wintering habitats in the Sahel for declining African-Eurasian migrants using expert assessment. Bird Conservation International, 24 (4). pp. 477-491. ISSN 0959-2709 (Print), 1474-0001 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0959270913000531)

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Editor's foreward [foreword]. The Birds of São Tomé & Príncipe with Annobón islands of the Gulf of Guinea: An annotated Checklist. BOU Checklist Series (22). British Ornithologists' Union / British Ornithologists' Club, Oxford, UK, ix-ix. ISBN 978-0907446279

Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Editor's foreword. In: Cheke, Robert A., (ed.) The Birds of Barbados: An annotated Checklist. BOU Checklist Series (24). British Ornithologists' Union / British Ornithologists' Club, Peterborough, UK, ix-x. ISBN 978-0907446293

Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Editor's foreword. The Birds of Borneo: An annotated Checklist. BOU Checklist Series (23). British Ornithologists' Union / British Ornithologists' Club, Peterborough, UK, vii-viii. ISBN 978-0907446286

Cheke, Robert A. and Oliveras, Ignasi (2014) Miscellaneous records of birds in Togo, including four species new to the country’s list. Malimbus, 36 (1). pp. 58-60. ISSN 0331-3689

Douthwaite, R. J. and Tingle, C. C. D. (eds.) (1994) DDT in the tropics: The impact on wildlife in Zimbabwe of ground spraying for Tsetse fly control. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543641

Bisabolene

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Downham, Mark C.A., Farman, Dudley I., Innocenzi, Paul J. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Chemical and electrophysiological studies on Sunn Pest. In: Parker, Bruce L., Skinner, Margaret, El Bouhssini, Mustapha and Kumari, Safaa G., (eds.) Sunn pest management: a decade of progress 1994-2004. Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9789953010632

bishop

Allan, R. (1996) The grain-eating birds of Sub-Saharan Africa: Identification, biology and management. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544648

Bistability

Xiang, Changcheng, Tang, Sanyi, Cheke, Robert and Qin, Wenjie (2016) A locust phase change model with multiple switching states and random perturbation. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos (ijbc), 26 (13):1630037. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0218-1274 (Print), 1793-6551 (Online) (doi:10.1142/S0218127416300378)

biting flies

Torr, Steve J. and Solano, Philippe (2010) Olfaction in Glossina – host interactions: a tale of two tsetse. In: Takken, Willem and Knols, Bart G.J., (eds.) Olfaction in vector-host interactions. Ecology and Control of Vector-borne Diseases, 2 . Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 265-290. ISBN 9789086860913

Biting midges

Isberg, Elin, Bray, Daniel Peter, Hillbur, Ylva and Ignell, Rickard (2017) Evaluation of host-derived volatiles for trapping Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 43 (7). pp. 662-669. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-017-0860-x)

Sanders, C.J., Selby, R., Carpenter, S. and Reynolds, D.R. (2011) High-altitude flight of Culicoides biting midges. Veterinary Record, 169 (8). p. 208. ISSN 0042-4900 (Print), 2042-7670 (Online) (doi:10.1136/vr.d4245)

Biting rates

Cheke, R. A., Young, S. and Garms, R. (2016) Inverse density dependence of parity rates in the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 30 (1). pp. 85-88. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mve.12145)

black bean aphid

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

Black Gram Husk

Bayer, Philipp E., Ruperao, Pradeep, Mason, Annaliese S., Stiller, Jiri, Chan, Chon-Kit Kenneth, Hayashi, Satomi, Long, Yan, Meng, Jinling, Sutton, Tim, Visendi, Paul, Varshney, Rajeev K., Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2015) High-resolution skim genotyping by sequencing reveals the distribution of crossovers and gene conversions in Cicer arietinum and Brassica napus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 128 (6). pp. 1039-1047. ISSN 0040-5752 (Print), 1432-2242 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00122-015-2488-y)

Black Kite

Cheke, Robert A. (2014) Black Kite drop-catching. British Birds, 107. p. 39. ISSN 0007-0335

black Sigatoka

Fahleson, J., Nakyanzi, M., Okori, P., Seal, S., Kenyon, L. and Dixelius, C. (2009) Genetic analysis of Mycosphaerella fijiensis in the Ugandan Lake Victoria region reveals a homogenous population. Plant Pathology, 58 (5). pp. 888-897. ISSN 1365-3059 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02099.x)

blackcurrant

Atkinson, Christopher J., Davies, Michael J., Taylor, June M. and Longbottom, Helen (2013) Linking ascorbic acid production in Ribes nigrum with fruit development and changes in sources and sinks. Annals of Botany, 111 (4). pp. 703-712. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mct026)

Atkinson, Christopher J., Davies, Michael J., Taylor, June M. and Longbottom, Helen (2013) Linking ascorbic acid production in Ribes nigrum with fruit development and changes in sources and sinks. Annals of Botany, 111 (4). pp. 703-712. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mct026)

blindness

Cheke, Robert A. and Garms, Rolf (2012) Indices of onchocerciasis transmission by different members of the Simulium damnosum complex conflict with the paradigm of forest and savanna parasite strains. Acta Tropica, 125 (1). pp. 43-52. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.09.002)

blood parasites

Durrant, Kate L., Reed, Jennifer L., Jones, Peter J., Dallimer, Martin, Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N. and Fleischer, Robert C. (2007) Variation in haematozoan parasitism at local and landscape levels in the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea. Journal of Avian Biology, 38 (6). pp. 662-671. ISSN 0908-8857 (doi:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2007.04034.x)

bluetongue

Sanders, Christopher J., Shortall, Chris R., Gubbins, Simon, Burgin, Laura, Gloster, John, Harrington, Richard, Reynolds, Don R., Mellor, Philip S. and Carpenter, Simon (2011) Influence of season and meteorological parameters on flight activity of Culicoides biting midges. Journal Of Applied Ecology, 48 (6). pp. 1355-1364. ISSN 1365-2664 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02051.x)

bluetongue virus

Carpenter, S., Mellor, P.S. and Torr, S.J. (2008) Control techniques for Culicoides biting midges and their application in the U.K. and northwestern Palaearctic. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (3). pp. 175-187. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00743.x)

boardmaking

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

bobgunnia

Stevenson, Philip C., Nyirenda, Stephen P. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2010) Highly glycosylated flavonoids from the pods of Bobgunnia madagascariensis. Tetrahedron Letters, 51 (36). pp. 4727-4730. ISSN 0040-4039 (doi:10.1016/j.tetlet.2010.07.013)

bobgunnia madagascariensis

Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hove, Thokozani, Mvumi, Brighton M., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Belmain, Steven R., Madzimure, James and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6 (13). pp. 2674-2680. ISSN 1996-0875 (doi:10.5897/JMPR11.1767)

Bolivia

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) How can the poor benefit from private investment in agricultural research? A case study from Bolivia. Development in Practice, 15 (3 & 4). pp. 325-336. ISSN 0961-4524 (Print), 1364-9213 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09614520500076043)

Marr, Ana and Chancellor, Tim (2005) Potential mechanisms for increasing the contribution of the private sector to agricultural research, development and technology transfer in Bolivia. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bombus

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

Koch, Hauke, Brown, Mark J. F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) The role of disease in bee foraging ecology. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 21. pp. 60-67. ISSN 2214-5753 (Print), 2214-5745 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cois.2017.05.008)

Bombus terrestris

Folly, Arran J., Koch, Hauke, Stevenson, Philip C. and Brown, Mark J. F. (2017) Larvae act as a transient transmission hub for the prevalent bumblebee parasite Crithidia bombi. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 148. pp. 81-85. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2017.06.001)

Tiedeken, Erin Jo, Stout, Jane C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Wright, Geraldine A. (2014) Bumblebees are not deterred by ecologically relevant concentrations of nectar toxins. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 217 (9). pp. 1620-1625. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.097543)

Borneo

Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Editor's foreword. The Birds of Borneo: An annotated Checklist. BOU Checklist Series (23). British Ornithologists' Union / British Ornithologists' Club, Peterborough, UK, vii-viii. ISBN 978-0907446286

Boron

Davies, M. J., Atkinson, C. J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

Davies, M.J., Atkinson, C.J., Burns, C., Arroo, R. and Woolley, J. (2011) Increases in leaf artemisinin concentration in Artemisia annua in response to the application of phosphorus and boron. Industrial Crops and Products, 34 (3). pp. 1465-1473. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.05.002)

bostrichidae

Nguyen, Duong T., Hodges, Rick J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2007) Do walking Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) locate cereal hosts by chance? Journal of Stored Products Research, 44 (1). pp. 90-99. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.008)

Stewart-Jones, A., Hodges, Rick, Farman, Dudley I. and Hall, David R. (2006) Solvent extraction of cues in the dust and frass of Prostephanus truncatus and analysis of behavioural mechanisms leading to arrestment of the predator Teretrius nigrescens. Physiological Entomology, 31 (1). pp. 63-72. ISSN 0307-6962 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00488.x)

Botanical insecticide

Green, Paul W. C., Belmain, Steven R., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Insecticidal activity in Tithonia diversifolia and Vernonia amygdalina. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.021)

Sarasan, Viswambharan, Kite, Geoffrey C., Sileshi, Gudeta W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Applications of phytochemical and in vitro techniques for reducing over-harvesting of medicinal and pesticidal plants and generating income for the rural poor. Plant Cell Reports, 30 (7). pp. 1163-1172. ISSN 0721-7714 (Print), 1432-203X (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00299-011-1047-5)

Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2016) Pesticidal plants in African agriculture: Local uses and global perspectives. Outlooks on Pest Management, 27 (5):10. pp. 226-230. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/v27_oct_10)

botanical insecticides

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Odour-mediated orientation of beetles is influenced by age, sex and morph. PLOS ONE, 7 (11):e49071. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049071)

Grzywacz, D., Stevenson, P.C., Mushobozi, W.L., Belmain, S. and Wilson, K. (2014) The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security, 6 (1). pp. 71-86. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0313-5)

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

Ogendo, J.O., Belmain, S.R., Deng, A.L. and Walker, D.J. (2003) Comparison of toxic and repellent effects of Lantana camara L. with Tephrosia vogelii hook and a synthetic pesticide against Sitophilus zeamais motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored maize grain. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 23 (02). pp. 127-135. ISSN 1742-7584 (doi:10.1017/S1742758400020348)

Sola, P., Mvumi, B. M., Ogendo, J. O., Mponda, O., Kamanula, J. F., Nyirenda, S. P., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2014) Botanical pesticide production, trade and regulatory mechanisms in sub-Saharan Africa: making a case for plant-based pesticidal products. Food Security, 6 (3). pp. 369-384. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0343-7)

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

Stevenson, Philip C., Isman, Murray B. and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Pesticidal plants in Africa: a global vision of new biological control products from local uses. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 2-9. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.034)

Botanical pesticide

Kamanula, John F., Belmain, Steven R., Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Goyder, David J., Mvumi, Brighton M., Masumbu, Friday F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 75-82. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.036)

Botanical products

Mkindi, Angela, Mpumi, Nelson, Tembo, Yolice, Stevenson, Philip C., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Mtei, Kelvin, Machunda, Revocatus and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Invasive weeds with pesticidal properties as potential new crops. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 113-122. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.002)

botanicals

Belmain, Steven and Stevenson, Philip (2001) Ethnobotanicals in Ghana: reviving and modernising age-old farmer practice. Pesticide Outlook, 12 (6). pp. 233-238. ISSN 0956-1250 (Print), 1465-8933 (Online) (doi:10.1039/B110542F)

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

botany

Hawthorne, William (1990) Field guide to the forest trees of Ghana. Ghana Forestry Series 1 . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0902500341

Botrytis gray mold

Pande, S., Sharma, M., Neupane, R.K., Chaudhary, R.N., Rao, J.N., Grzywacz, David, Baurai, V.A. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2009) Integrated crop management strategy for improved chickpea production and its impact on the livelihoods of farmers in Nepal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 37 (1&2). pp. 139-146. ISSN 0253-4355

Botswana

Grant, Ian F. and Sear, Chris (1999) Decision tools for sustainable development. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545008

Kgori, P.M., Modo, S. and Torr, Stephen J. (2006) The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. Acta Tropica, 99 (2-3). pp. 184-199. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.07.007)

Boundary function

Niang, Abibou, Becker, Mathias, Ewert, Frank, Dieng, Ibnou, Gaiser, Thomas, Tanaka, Atsuko, Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu, Rodenburg, Jonne, Johnson, Jean-Martial, Akakpo, Cyriaque, Segda, Zacharie, Gbakatchetche, Henri, Jaiteh, Famara, Bam, Ralph K., Dogbe, Wilson, Keita, Sékou, Kamissoko, Nianankoro, Mossi, Illiassou Maïga, Bakare, Oladele S., Cissé, Madiama, Baggie, Idriss, Ablede, Komlan A. and Saito, Kazuki (2017) Variability and determinants of yields in rice production systems of West Africa. Field Crops Research, 207. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.02.014)

brasicca

Nyirenda, Stephen P., Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Kamanula, John F., Mvumi, Brighton M., Sola, Phosiso, Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers’ ethno-ecological knowledge of vegetable pests and pesticidal plant use in Malawi and Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (6). pp. 1525-1537. ISSN 1991-637X

brassica crops

Russell, Derek A. (2008) Insect resistant cabbage and cauliflower: the CIMBAA public-private partnership. In: Dhawan, Vibha, (ed.) Agriculture for food security and rural growth. TERI Press The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi. ISBN 978-8179931523

Brassica oleracea

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

Brassicas

Kaliaperumal, R., Russell, D.A., Gujar, G.T., Behere, G., Dutt, S., Krishna, G.K., Mordhorst, A. and Grzywacz, D. (2011) The efficacy and sustainability of the CIMBAA transgenic Cry1B/Cry1C Bt cabbage and cauliflower plants for control of lepidopteran pests. In: Proceedings of the Sixth international workshop on management of the Diamond back moth and other crucifer insect pests. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Centre, Nakhon Pathom, Taiwan, pp. 305-311. ISBN 9290581905

breeding

Mulungu, L. S., Mlyashimbi, E. C. M., Ngowo, V., Mdangi, M., Katakweba, A. S., Tesha, P., Mrosso, F. P., Mchomvu, M., Kilonzo, B. S. and Belmain, S. R. (2014) Food preferences of the multi-mammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, in irrigated rice habitats in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management, 60 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2013.871759)

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Rodenburg, Jonne and Bastiaans, Lammert (2011) Host-plant defence against Striga spp.: reconsidering the role of tolerance. Weed Research, 51 (5). pp. 438-441. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2011.00871.x)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert, Weltzien, Eva and Hess, Dale E. (2004) How can field selection for Striga resistance and tolerance in sorghum be improved? Field Crops Research, 93 (1). pp. 34-50. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2004.09.004)

Breteau index

Wang, Xia, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2016) A stage structured mosquito model incorporating effects of precipitation and daily temperature fluctuations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 411. pp. 27-36. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.09.015)

Brindley’s gland

González Audino, P., Alzogaray, R.A., Vassena, C., Masuh, H., Fontán, A., Gatti, P., Martínez, A., Camps, F., Cork, Alan and Zerba, E. (2007) Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley’s glands of adult Triatoma infestans:identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds. Journal of Vector Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 75-82. ISSN 1081-1710

Britain

Reynolds, Don R., Chapman, Jason W. and Stewart, Alan J..A. (2017) Windborne migration of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) over Britain. European Journal of Entomology, 114. pp. 554-564. ISSN 1210-5759 (Print), 1802-8829 (Online) (doi:10.14411/eje.2017.070)

British Ornithologists' Union

Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Editor's foreword. In: Cheke, Robert A., (ed.) The Birds of Barbados: An annotated Checklist. BOU Checklist Series (24). British Ornithologists' Union / British Ornithologists' Club, Peterborough, UK, ix-x. ISBN 978-0907446293

British Ornithologists’ Union

Cheke, Robert A. (2011) British Ornithologists’ Union: Union medal. Peter Jones. Ibis, 153 (2). pp. 438-439. ISSN 1474-919X (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2011.01113.x)

Broad-spectrum herbicides

Demont, Matty, Rodenburg, Jonne, Diagne, Mandiaye and Diallo, Souleymane (2009) Ex ante impact assessment of herbicide resistant rice in the Sahel. Crop Protection, 28 (9). pp. 728-736. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.05.012)

Brood diseases

Folly, Arran J., Koch, Hauke, Stevenson, Philip C. and Brown, Mark J. F. (2017) Larvae act as a transient transmission hub for the prevalent bumblebee parasite Crithidia bombi. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 148. pp. 81-85. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2017.06.001)

broomrape

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

brown locust

Crooks, William T.S. and Cheke, Robert (2014) Soil moisture assessments for brown locust Locustana pardalina breeding potential using synthetic aperture radar. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing (JARS), 8 (1):084898. ISSN 1931-3195 (doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.084898)

brown planthopper

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, Malcolm (1991) The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia (NRI Bulletin No. 39). [Working Paper]

brown rust

Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, Malcolm (1991) The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia (NRI Bulletin No. 39). [Working Paper]

brown streak virus

Legg, James P. and Hillocks, Rory J. (2003) Cassava brown streak virus disease: Past, present and future. In: Proceedings of an International Workshop, Mombasa, Kenya, 27-30 October 2002. Natural Resources International Limited, Aylesford, UK. ISBN 0953927474

bruchid

Stevenson, Philip C., Dayarathna, Thamara K., Belmain, Steven R. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (19). pp. 8860-8867. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf901599j)

bruchid beetles

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

bruchids

Belmain, Steven R., Amoah, Barbara A., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Kamanula, John F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (40). pp. 10055-10063. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf3032217)

Stevenson, Philip C., Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2014) Pesticidal plants for stored product pests on small-holder farms in Africa. In: Singh, Dwijendra, (ed.) Advances in Plant Biopesticides. Springer India, India, pp. 149-172. ISBN 9788132220053 (doi:10.1007/978-81-322-2006-0_9)

Bryocoropsis laticollis

Sarfo, J. E., Campbell, C. A. M. and Hall, D. R. (2018) Design and placement of synthetic sex pheromone traps for cacao mirids in Ghana. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758417000340)

Bt cotton

Hillocks, R.J. (2009) GM cotton for Africa. Outlook on Agriculture, 38 (4). pp. 311-316. ISSN 0030-7270 (doi:10.5367/000000009790422142)

Bt-cotton

Russell, Derek A. and Kranthi, Keshav R. (2009) Changing trends in cotton pest management. In: Peshin, Rajinder and Dhawan, Ashok K., (eds.) Integrated Pest Management: Innovation-Development Process. Springer Science and Business Media (Netherlands), Dordrecht, pp. 499-541. ISBN 978-1-4020-8991-6 (Print) 978-1-4020-8992-3 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8992-3_17)

Bt-crops

Lacey, L.A., Grzywacz, D., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Frutos, R., Brownbridge, M. and Goettel, M.S. (2015) Insect pathogens as biological control agents: back to the future. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 132. pp. 1-41. ISSN 0022-2011 (doi:10.1016/j.jip.2015.07.009)

Buchnera hispida

Rodenburg, Jonne, Riches, Charles R. and Kayeke, Juma M. (2009) Addressing current and future problems of parasitic weeds in rice. Crop Protection, 29 (3). pp. 210-221. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.10.015)

bud break

Atkinson, C.J., Brennan, R.M. and Jones, H.G. (2013) Declining chilling and its impact on temperate perennial crops. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 91. pp. 48-62. ISSN 0098-8472 (doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2013.02.004)

Bud weevils

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

bumblebee

Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Chittka, Lars (2012) Illumination preference, illumination constancy and colour discrimination by bumblebees in an environment with patchy light. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 215 (13). pp. 2173-2180. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.065565)

Koch, Hauke and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Do linden trees kill bees? Reviewing the causes of bee deaths on silver linden (Tilia tomentosa). Biology Letters, 13 (9):20170484. ISSN 1744-9561 (Online) (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2017.0484)

Bumblebees

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

Burkina Faso

Rayaisse, J.B., Tirados, I., Kaba, D., Dewhirst, S.Y., Logan, J.G., Diarrassouba, A., Salou, E., Omolo, M.O., Solano, P., Lehane, M.J., Pickett, J.A., Vale, G.A., Torr, S.J.. and Esterhuizen, J. (2010) Prospects for the development of odour baits to control the tsetse flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4 (3). e632. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000632)

Rayaisse, Jean Baptiste, Esterhuizen, Johan, Tirados, Inaki, Kaba, Dramane, Salou, Ernest, Diarrassouba, Abdoulaye, Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Michael J., Torr, Stephen J. and Solano, Philippe (2011) Towards an optimal design of target for tsetse control: comparisons of novel targets for the control of palpalis group tsetse in West Africa. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5 (9). e1332. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001332)

Sawadogo, P. S., Namountougou, M., Toé, K. H., Rouamba, J., Maïga, H., Ouédraogo, K. R., Baldet, T., Gouagna, L. C., Kengne, P., Simard, F., Costantini, C., Gibson, G., Diabaté, A., Lees, R. S., Gilles, J. R. L. and Dabiré, K. R. (2014) Swarming behaviour in natural populations of Anopheles gambiae and An. coluzzii: Review of 4 years survey in rural areas of sympatry, Burkina Faso (West Africa). Acta Tropica, 132 (Supp.). S42-S52. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.12.011)

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Hall, David R., Douglas, Paul, Centeno, Felix, Ibarra, Nieves, Schroeder, Martin, Teale, Stephen A., Wang, Zhiying, Yan, Shanchun, Millar, Jocelyn G. and Hanks, Lawrence M. (2013) 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 149 (2). pp. 118-127. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12113)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

butterflies physiology

Chapman, Jason W., Nesbit, Rebecca L., Burgin, Laura E., Reynolds, Don R., Smith, Alan D., Middleton, Douglas R. and Hill, Jane K. (2010) Flight orientation behaviors promote optimal migration trajectories in high-flying insects. Science, 327 (5966). pp. 682-685. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.1182990)

Butyrylcholinesterase

Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N., Mbereki, Collen, van der Walt, Etienne, Mtobesya, Boaz, Magoma, Richard N., Young, Stephen and Eberly, J. Patrick (2012) Effects of the organophosphate fenthion for control of the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea on cholinesterase and haemoglobin concentrations in the blood of target and non-target birds. Ecotoxicology, 21 (7). pp. 1761-1770. ISSN 0963-9292 (Print), 1573-3017 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10646-012-0911-6)

by-catch

Gordon, A. and King, D. (1991) Report on a visit to Mozambique. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Bycatch

Fountain, Michelle T., Baroffio, Catherine, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Brain, Phil, Cross, Jerry V., Farman, Dudley I., Hall, David R., Ralle, Baiba, Rendina, Paulo, Richoz, Pauline, Sigsgaard, Lene, Storberget, Sverre, Trandem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2017) Design and deployment of semiochemical traps for capturing 1 Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Lygus rugulipennis Poppius (Hetereoptera: Miridae) in soft fruit crops. Crop Protection, 99. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2017.05.001)

BYMV

Al-Kuwaiti, N.A., Maruthi, M.N. and Seal, S.E. (2016) Molecular characterization of potyviruses infecting potato and vegetables in Iraq. Journal of Plant Pathology: An International Journal of the Italian Phytopathological Society, 98 (3). ISSN 1125-4653 (doi:/10.4454/JPP.V98I3.029)

Byturus tomentosus

Hall, David, Baroffio, Catherine, Sigsgaard, Lene, Ahrenfeldt, Erica, Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin, Bruun, S.A., Cross, Jerry, Fountain, Michelle, Mozuraitis, Raimondas, Ralle, Baba, Trandrem, Nina and Wibe, Atle (2018) Combining plant volatiles and pheromones to catch two insect pests in the same trap: examples from two berry crops. Crop Protection, 109. pp. 1-8. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.02.025)

C hain reaction

Wickramaarachchi, W. A. R. T., Shankarappa, K. S., Rangaswamy, K. T., Maruthi, M.N., Rajapakse, R. G. A. S. and Ghosh, Saptarshi (2016) Molecular characterization of banana bunchy top virus isolate from Sri Lanka and its genetic relationship with other isolates. VirusDisease, 27 (2). pp. 154-160. ISSN 2347-3584 (Print), 2347-3517 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s13337-016-0311-2)

C. brunneus Fabricius

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Mwanga, Robert O.M., Talwana, Herbert, Murumu, J. and Odongo, B. (2007) The relationship between stem base and root damage by Cylas spp. on sweetpotato. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8. pp. 955-957. ISSN 1023-070X

C3

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

C4

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

Ca.P. prunorum

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

Ca.P. pyri

MacLeod, A., Anderson, H., Van Der Gaag, D.J., Holt, J., Karadjova, O., Kehlenbeck, H., Labonne, G., Pruvost, O., Reynaud, P., Schrader, G., Smith, J., Steffek, R., Viaene, N. and Vloutoglou, I. (2010) Prima phacie: a new European Food Safety Authority funded research project taking a comparative approach to pest risk assessment and methods to evaluate pest risk management options. Bulletin OEPP / EPPO Bulletin, 40 (3). pp. 435-439. ISSN 1365-2338 (online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02417.x)

CAAPD

Cheke, Robert A. (2006) Responding to early warnings. ID21 Insights, 61. p. 8. ISSN 1460-4205

Cabbage Whitefly

Springate, Simon (2017) The cabbage whitefly Aleyrodes proletella and its natural enemies on wild cabbage Brassica oleracea on the Kent coast. Transactions of the Kent Field Club, 20. pp. 42-58. ISSN 0141-1225

cabbage whitefly

Springate, Simon and Colvin, John (2011) Pyrethroid insecticide resistance in British populations of the cabbage whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella. Pest Management Science, 68 (2). pp. 260-267. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.2255)

caffeic acid ester

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

caffeine

Wright, G.A., Baker, D.D., Palmer, M.J., Stabler, D., Mustard, J.A., Power, E.F., Borland, A.M. and Stevenson, P.C. (2013) Caffeine in floral nectar enhances a pollinator's memory of reward. Science, 339 (6124). pp. 1202-1204. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.1228806)

calactin

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

calcium ions

Atkinson, Christopher J. (2014) Is xylem sap calcium responsible for reducing stomatal conductance after soil liming? Plant and Soil, 382 (1-2). pp. 349-356. ISSN 0032-079X (Print), 1573-5036 (Online) (doi:10.1007/S11104-014-2180-z)

Callosobruchus

Kamanula, John, Sileshi, Gudeta W., Belmain, Steven R., Sola, Phosiso, Mvumi, Brighton M., Nyirenda, Greenwell K.C., Nyirenda, Stephen P. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2011) Farmers' insect pest management practices and pesticidal plant use in the protection of stored maize and beans in Southern Africa. International Journal of Pest Management, 57 (1). pp. 41-49. ISSN 1366-5863 (electronic) 0967-0874 (paper) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2010.522264)

Stevenson, Philip C., Dayarathna, Thamara K., Belmain, Steven R. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Bisdesmosidic saponins from Securidaca longepedunculata roots: Evaluation of deterrency and toxicity to coleopteran storage pests. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (19). pp. 8860-8867. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf901599j)

Callosobruchus maculatus

Belmain, Steven R., Amoah, Barbara A., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Kamanula, John F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (40). pp. 10055-10063. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf3032217)

Green, Paul W. C., Belmain, Steven R., Ndakidemi, Patrick A., Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Insecticidal activity in Tithonia diversifolia and Vernonia amygdalina. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.021)

Kestenholz, Cristina, Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2006) Comparative study of field and laboratory evaluations of the ethnobotanical Cassia sophera L. (Leguminosae) for bioactivity against the storage pests Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 (1). pp. 79-86. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2005.11.003)

Mkenda, Prisila A., Stevenson, Philip, Ndakidemi, Patrick, Farman, Dudley and Belmain, Steven (2015) Contact and fumigant toxicity of five pesticidal plants against Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 35 (4). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S174275841500017X)

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

calotropin

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

Cambium

Collins, Carl, Maruthi, M N and Jahn, Courtney E. (2015) CYCD3 D-type cyclins regulate cambial cell proliferation and secondary growth inArabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66 (15). pp. 4595-4606. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erv218)

Cameroon

Matthews, G.A., Dobson, H.M., Nkot, P.B., Wiles, T.L. and Birchmore, M. (2009) Preliminary examination of integrated vector management in a tropical rainforest area of Cameroon. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 103 (11). pp. 1098-1104. ISSN 0035-9203 (doi:10.1016/j.trstmh.2009.03.003)

Tamungang, Simon A., Cheke, Robert A., Kougoum, Ghislain P. and Ntiri, Eric S. (2013) Linking population size to conservation needs of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 5 (8). pp. 478-485. ISSN 2141-243X (Print), 2141-243X (Online) (doi:10.5897/IJBC2013.0569)

Tamungang, Simon A., Cheke, Robert A., Mofor, Gilbert Z., Tamungang, Richard N. and Oben, Fritz T. (2014) Conservation concern for the deteriorating geographical range of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon. International Journal of Ecology, 2014:753294. ISSN 1687-9708 (Print), 1687-9716 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2014/753294)

Tamungang, Simon A., Ofeh, Moses A., Tchamba, Martin N., Cheke, Robert A. and Kougoum, Ghislane P. (2016) Challenges and conservation implications of the parrot trade in Cameroon. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 10 (3). pp. 1210-1234. ISSN 1991-8631 (Print), 1997-342X (Online) (doi:10.4314/ijbcs.v10i3.26)

cameroon volcanic line

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Campesino

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Canard cycle

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Candidatus Phytoplasma mali

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canna

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canned fish

Iles, Malcolm (1988) Western European markets for edible fish products; prospects for developing country exports (ODNRI Bulletin No. 11). [Working Paper]

capacity building and stakeholder organisation

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capture–mark–recapture

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Carbon budgets

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carbon dioxide

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carbon footprinting

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

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carbon sequestration

Büchi, Lucie, Wendling, Marina, Amossé, Camille, Jeangros, Bernard, Sinaj, Sokrat and Charles, Raphaël (2017) Long and short term changes in crop yield and soil properties induced by the reduction of soil tillage in a long term experiment in Switzerland. Soil and Tillage Research, 174. pp. 120-129. ISSN 0167-1987 (Print), 1879-3444 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.still.2017.07.002)

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Noponen, Martin R.A., Healey, John R., Soto, Gabriela and Haggar, Jeremy P. (2013) Sink or source—The potential of coffee agroforestry systems to sequester atmospheric CO2 into soil organic carbon. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 175. pp. 60-68. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.012)

carbon stocks

Haggar, Jeremy, Medina, Byron, Aguilar, Rosa Maria and Munoz, Claudia (2013) Land use change on coffee farms in Southern Guatemala and its environmental consequences. Environmental Management, 51 (4). pp. 811-823. ISSN 0364-152X (Print), 1432-1009 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00267-013-0019-7)

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carbon storage

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

Caribbean

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carlavirus

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, R.W., Lesemann, D.E. and Vetten, H.J. (2009) Host range, purification, and genetic variability in Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus. Plant Disease, 93 (1). pp. 87-93. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PDIS-93-1-0087)

carnivores

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carotenoids

Durrant, Kate L., Reed, Jennifer L., Jones, Peter J., Dallimer, Martin, Cheke, Robert A., McWilliam, Andrew N. and Fleischer, Robert C. (2007) Variation in haematozoan parasitism at local and landscape levels in the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea. Journal of Avian Biology, 38 (6). pp. 662-671. ISSN 0908-8857 (doi:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2007.04034.x)

Cassava

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Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal of Phytopathology. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal Of Phytopathology, 165 (11-12). pp. 707-717. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

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Cassava brown streak disease

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cassava brown streak disease (CBSD)

Mohammed, I.U., Abarshi, M.M., Muli, B., Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) The symptom and genetic diversity of cassava brown streak viruses infecting cassava in East Africa. Advances in Virology, 2012. ISSN 1687-8639 (Print), 1687-8647 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2012/795697)

cassava exchange

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cassava flour

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cassava mosaic

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Manu-Aduening, J.A., Lamboll, Richard, Ampong Mensah, G. and Gibson, Richard W. (2007) Farmers' perceptions and knowledge of cassava pests and diseases and their approach to germplasm selection for resistance in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology, 151 (2). pp. 189-198. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00182.x)

Maruthi, M.N., Seal, S., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Bull, S.E. (2004) East African cassava mosaic Zanzibar virus – a recombinant begomovirus species with a mild phenotype. Archives of Virology, 149 (12). pp. 2365-2377. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-004-0380-1)

cassava mosaic virus disease

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, J. and Seal, S. (2001) Mating compatibility, life-history traits, and RAPD-PCR variation in Bemisia tabaci associated with the cassava mosaic disease pandemic in East Africa. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99 (1). pp. 13-23. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.2001.00797.x)

cassava mosaic viruses

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cassava mosaic-virus

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cassave mosaic disease

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Cassia sophera

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casting

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Catch crops

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cattle

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Torr, Stephen J., Mangwiro, T.N.C. and Hall, David R. (2006) The effects of host physiology on the attraction of tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) and Stomoxys (Diptera: Muscidae) to cattle. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 96 (1). pp. 71-84. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1079/BER2005404)

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cattle ticks

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cauliflower-mosaic-virus

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CBL

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CBSD

Maruthi, Midatharahally N., Jeremiah, Simon C., Mohammed, Ibrahim U. and Legg, James P. (2017) The role of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), and farmer practices in the spread of cassava brown streak ipomoviruses. Journal Of Phytopathology, 165 (11-12). pp. 707-717. ISSN 0931-1785 (Print), 1439-0434 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jph.12609)

Mohammed, I. U., Ghosh, Saptarshi and Maruthi, M.N. (2016) Host and virus effects on reversion in cassava affected by cassava brown streak disease. Plant Pathology, 65 (4). pp. 593-600. ISSN 0032-0862 (Print), 1365-3059 (Online) (doi:10.1111/ppa.12458)

Tomlinson, Katie R., Bailey, Andy M., Alicai, Titus, Seal, Sue and Foster, Gary D. (2017) Cassava brown streak disease: historical timeline, current knowledge and future prospects. Molecular Plant Pathology. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mpp.12613)

CBSD and CMD

Tumwegamire, Silver, Kanju, Edward, Legg, James P., Shirima, Rudolph, Kombo, Saleh, Mkamilo, Geoffrey, Mtunda, Kiddo, Sichalwe, Karoline, Kulembeka, Heneriko, Ndyetabula, Innocent, Kawuki, Robert, Alicai, Titus, Adiga, Gerald, Benesi, Ibrahim, Mhone, Albert, Zacarias, Anabela, Nicosa, Nubibi, Matsimbe, Sofrimento F., Munga, Therezia, Ateka, Elija, Navangi, Lynet, Maruthi, M.N., Mwatuni, Francis, Mbugua, Edward, Ndunguru, Joseph and Rajab, Deogratious Mark (2018) The process and lessons of exchanging and managing in-vitro elite germplasm to combat CBSD and CMD in Eastern and Southern Africa. Food Security. ISSN 1876-4517 (Print), 1876-4525 (Online) (In Press)

CBSD resistance

Masinde, Emily A., Mkamillo, Geoffrey, Ogendo, Joshua O., Hillocks, Rory, Mulwa, Richard M. S., Kimata, Bernadetta and Maruthi, Midatharahally N. (2017) Genotype by environment interactions in identifying cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) resistant to cassava brown streak disease. Field Crops Research, 215. pp. 39-48. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.10.001)

CBSV

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

Tomlinson, Katie R., Bailey, Andy M., Alicai, Titus, Seal, Sue and Foster, Gary D. (2017) Cassava brown streak disease: historical timeline, current knowledge and future prospects. Molecular Plant Pathology. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mpp.12613)

CBSVs

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020)

CCA

Cheke, Robert A., Young, Stephen and Garms, Rolf (2016) Ecological characteristics of Simulium breeding sites in West Africa. Acta Tropica, 167. pp. 148-156. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.12.022)

Cecidomyiidae

Hall, David R., Amarawardana, Lakmali, Cross, Jerry V., Francke, Wittko, Boddum, Tina and Hillbur, Ylva (2012) The chemical ecology of cecidomyiid midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38 (1). pp. 2-22. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-011-0053-y)

Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Cross, Jerry V., Pope, Tom W., Ando, Tetsu and Yamamoto, Masanobu (2009) (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (2). pp. 230-242. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9588-6)

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

Rowley, Charlotte, Cherrill, Andrew J., Leather, Simon R., Hall, David R. and Pope, Tom W. (2017) Factors affecting trap catch in pheromone-based monitoring of saddle gall midge Haplodiplosis marginata (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Pest Management Science. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4721)

Rowley, Charlotte, Pope, Tom W., Cherrill, Andrew, Leather, Simon R., Fernandez-Grandon, G. Mandela and Hall, David R. (2017) Development and optimisation of a sex pheromone lure for monitoring populations of saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 163 (1). pp. 82-92. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12560)

Cell cycle

Collins, Carl, Maruthi, M N and Jahn, Courtney E. (2015) CYCD3 D-type cyclins regulate cambial cell proliferation and secondary growth inArabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66 (15). pp. 4595-4606. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erv218)

Cell division

Collins, Carl, Maruthi, M N and Jahn, Courtney E. (2015) CYCD3 D-type cyclins regulate cambial cell proliferation and secondary growth inArabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66 (15). pp. 4595-4606. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erv218)

Cell expansion

Collins, Carl, Maruthi, M N and Jahn, Courtney E. (2015) CYCD3 D-type cyclins regulate cambial cell proliferation and secondary growth inArabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66 (15). pp. 4595-4606. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erv218)

cement slab manufacture

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

cement slabs

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

cement-lined pit

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

Cerambycidae

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Hall, David R., Douglas, Paul, Centeno, Felix, Ibarra, Nieves, Schroeder, Martin, Teale, Stephen A., Wang, Zhiying, Yan, Shanchun, Millar, Jocelyn G. and Hanks, Lawrence M. (2013) 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 149 (2). pp. 118-127. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12113)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ibeas, Fernando, Gallego, Diego, Hall, David R. and Farman, Dudley I. (2010) Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (6). pp. 570-583. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9791-5)

Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Alvaro, Sanchez-Maillo, Esteban, Pelaez, Horacio J., Gonzalez-Nunez, Manuel, Hall, David R. and Casquero, Pedro A. (2017) Field evaluation of 3-hydroxy-2-hexanone and ethanol as attractants for the cerambycid beetle pest of vineyards, Xylotrechus arvicola. Pest Management Science, 73 (8). pp. 1598-1603. ISSN 1526-498X (Print), 1526-4998 (Online) (doi:10.1002/ps.4491)

Ceratopogonidae

Arnold, S. E. J, Bridgemohan, P, Perry, G. B., Spinelli, G. R., Pierre, B., Murray, F., Haughton, C., Dockery, O., Grey, L., Murphy, S. T., Belmain, S. R. and Stevenson, P. C. (2017) The significance of climate in the pollinator dynamics of a tropical agroforestry system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 254. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.013)

Carpenter, S., Mellor, P.S. and Torr, S.J. (2008) Control techniques for Culicoides biting midges and their application in the U.K. and northwestern Palaearctic. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (3). pp. 175-187. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00743.x)

cereal aphids

Chapman, Jason W., Reynolds, Don R., Brooks, Stephen J., Smith, Alan D. and Woiwod, Ian P. (2006) Seasonal variation in the migration strategies of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea species complex. Ecological Entomology, 31 (4). pp. 378-388. ISSN 0307-6946 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2311.2006.00797.x)

cereal crop

Allan, R. (1996) The grain-eating birds of Sub-Saharan Africa: Identification, biology and management. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544648

Cereal crops

Swanepoel, Lourens H., Swanepoel, Corrie M., Brown, Peter R., Eiseb, Seth J., Goodman, Steven M., Keith, Mark, Kirsten, Frikkie, Leirs, Herwig, Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A. M., Makundi, Rhodes H., Malebane, Phanuel, von Maltitz, Emil F., Massawe, Apia W., Monadjem, Ara, Mulungu, Loth S., Singleton, Grant R., Taylor, Peter J., Soarimalala, Voahangy and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) A systematic review of rodent pest research in Afro-Malagasy small-holder farming systems: Are we asking the right questions? PLoS ONE, 12 (3):e0174554. ISSN 1932-6203 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174554)

cereals

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert and Kropff, Martin J. (2006) Characterization of host tolerance to Striga hermonthica. Euphytica, 147 (3). pp. 353-365. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-005-9030-2)

Visendi, Paul, Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2013) Next generation characterisation of cereal genomes for marker discovery. Biology, 2 (4). pp. 1357-1377. ISSN 2079-7737 (Print), 2079-7737 (Online) (doi:10.3390/biology2041357)

Certification

Haggar, Jeremy, Soto, Gabriela, Casanoves, Fernando and de Melo Virginio, Elias (2017) Environmental-economic benefits and trade-offs on sustainably certified coffee farms. Ecological Indicators, 79. pp. 330-337. ISSN 1470-160X (doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.04.023)

Idol, Travis, Haggar, Jeremy and Cox, Linda (2011) Ecosystem services from smallholder forestry and agroforestry in the tropics. In: Campbell, W. Bruce and López Ortíz, Silvia, (eds.) Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the field. Issues in Agroecology – Present Status and Future Prospectus (1). Springer, Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London / New York, pp. 209-270. ISBN 978-94-007-1308-6 (print), 978-94-007-1309-3 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1309-3_5)

Chad

Martin, Adrienne, Assane, Djoam and Nadjilengar, Maslengar (1992) Evaluation of the Ishtirak project, Oum Hadjer, Chad. [Working Paper]

Change

Post, Rory J., Cheke, Robert A., Boakye, Daniel A., Wilson, Michael D., Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y., Tetteh-Kumah, Anthony, Lamberton, Poppy H.L., Crainey, J. Lee, Yameogo, Laurent and Basanez, María-Gloria (2013) Stability and change in the distribution of cytospecies of the Simulium damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) in southern Ghana from 1971 to 2011. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (205). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-205)

Chaos

Yuan, Baoyin, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2015) Duality in phase space and complex dynamics of an integrated pest management network model. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos (ijbc), 25 (8):1550103. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0218-1274 (Print), 1793-6551 (Online) (doi:10.1142/S0218127415501035)

characteristic

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1984) Pulping characteristics of Eucalyptus saligna/grandis growing in Uganda. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541894

characteristics

Palmer, E. R. and Ganguli, S. (1982) Pulping characteristics of Pinus caribaea grown in Sri Lanka. Tropical Products Insittute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541509

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1978) Pulping characteristics of Dicymbe altsoni from Guyana. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540898

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1976) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa grown on Mountain Pine Ridge, Belize. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 085954057X

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1973) Pulping characteristics of three trees of Pinus caribaea with different densities grown in Jamaica. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540065

checklist

Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Editor's foreword. In: Cheke, Robert A., (ed.) The Birds of Barbados: An annotated Checklist. BOU Checklist Series (24). British Ornithologists' Union / British Ornithologists' Club, Peterborough, UK, ix-x. ISBN 978-0907446293

chemical control

Ritchie, J. M. and Dobson, H. (1995) Desert locust control operations and their environmental impacts. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544179 ISSN 0952-8245

chemical defence

Egan, Paul, Stevenson, Philip, Tiedeken, Erin-Jo, Wright, Geraldine, Boylan, Fabio and Stout, Jane C (2016) Plant toxin levels in nectar vary spatially across native and introduced populations. Journal Of Ecology, 104 (4). pp. 1106-1115. ISSN 0022-0477 (Print), 1365-2745 (Online) (doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12573)

Chemical defense

Barlow, Sarah E., Wright, Geraldine A., Ma, Carolyn, Barberis, Marta, Farrell, Iain W., Marr, Emily C., Brankin, Alice, Pavlik, Bruce M. and Stevenson, Philip (2017) Distasteful nectar deters floral robbery. Current Biology, 27 (16). 2552-2558.e3. ISSN 0960-9822 (Print), 1879-0445 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.012)

chemical ecology

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Odour-mediated orientation of beetles is influenced by age, sex and morph. PLOS ONE, 7 (11):e49071. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049071)

Chemical weed control

Rodenburg, Jonne, Saito, Kazuki, Irakiza, Runyambo, Makokha, Derek W., Onyuka, Enos A. and Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu (2017) Labor-saving weed technologies for lowland rice farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. Weed Technology, 29 (04). pp. 751-757. ISSN 0890-037X (Print), 1550-2740 (Online) (doi:10.1614/wt-d-15-00016.1)

Chemotype

Kamanula, John F., Belmain, Steven R., Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Goyder, David J., Mvumi, Brighton M., Masumbu, Friday F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 75-82. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.036)

chemovar

Cockram, James, Hill, Colin, Burns, Corrinne, Arroo, Randoph R. J., Woolley, Jack G., Flockart, Ian, Robinson, Trevor, Atkinson, Christopher J., Davies, Michael J., Dungey, Nigel, Greenland, Andy J., Smith, Lydia L. M. J. and Bentley, Steven (2012) Screening a diverse collection of Artemisia annua germplasm accessions for the antimalarial compound, artemisinin. Plant Genetic Resources, 10 (02). pp. 152-154. ISSN 1479-2621 (Print), 1479-263X (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1479262112000159)

chickpea

Pande, S., Rao, J.N., Sharma, M., Pathak, M. and Stevenson, P. (2010) Mass-screening techniques for the early selection of disease resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). In: Miranda, M. and Spencer, M.M., (eds.) Mass Screening Techniques for Selecting Crops Resistant to Diseases. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, pp. 201-234. ISBN 978-92-0-105110-3

Pande, S., Sharma, M., Neupane, R.K., Chaudhary, R.N., Rao, J.N., Grzywacz, David, Baurai, V.A. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2009) Integrated crop management strategy for improved chickpea production and its impact on the livelihoods of farmers in Nepal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 37 (1&2). pp. 139-146. ISSN 0253-4355

Riches, Charles R. (2008) Discussions and recommendations. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 25-32. ISBN 971-220-229-1

Ruperao, Pradeep, Chan, Chon-Kit Kenneth, Azam, Sarwar, Karafiátová, Miroslava, Hayashi, Satomi, Čížková, Jana, Saxena, Rachit K., Šimková, Hana, Song, Chi, Vrána, Jan, Chitikineni, Annapurna, Visendi, Paul, Gaur, Pooran M., Millán, Teresa, Singh, Karam B., Taran, Bunyamin, Wang, Jun, Batley, Jacqueline, Doležel, Jaroslav, Varshney, Rajeev K. and Edwards, David (2014) A chromosomal genomics approach to assess and validate the desi and kabuli draft chickpea genome assemblies. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 12 (6). pp. 778-786. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12182)

Sharma, H.C., Gowda, C.L.L., Stevenson, Philip C., Ridsdill-Smith, T.J., Clement, S.L., Ranga Rao, G.V., Romies, Joerg, Miles, Melina and Bouhssini, M. (2007) Host plant resistance and insect pest management in chickpea. In: Yadav, Shyam S., Redden, Robert J., Chen, W. and Sharma, B., (eds.) Chickpea Breeding and Management. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 520-537. ISBN 9781845932138

Stevenson, Philip C., D'Cunha, Reju F. and Grzywacz, David (2010) Inactivation of baculovirus by isoflavonoids on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) leaf surfaces reduces the efficacy of nucleopolyhedrovirus against Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 (2). pp. 227-235. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9748-8)

Stevenson, Philip C., Grzywacz, David, Pande, Suresh, Rao, Narayana, Neupane, Ram Krishna, Chaudhary, Ram N. and Bourai, Vinay A. (2006) Promoting the adoption of improved ICM technologies in chickpea by poor farmers in Nepal. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 152-154. ISBN 0954645278

chilling

Atkinson, C.J., Brennan, R.M. and Jones, H.G. (2013) Declining chilling and its impact on temperate perennial crops. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 91. pp. 48-62. ISSN 0098-8472 (doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2013.02.004)

Chilo polychrysa

Qurashi Kamal, N., Cork, Alan and Nazmul Bari, M.D. (2006) Rice stem borers: a dynamic species complex in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Entomology, 16 (2). pp. 75-90. ISSN 1021-1004

chiral sex pheromone

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

Chirality

Rowley, Charlotte, Pope, Tom W., Cherrill, Andrew, Leather, Simon R., Fernandez-Grandon, G. Mandela and Hall, David R. (2017) Development and optimisation of a sex pheromone lure for monitoring populations of saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 163 (1). pp. 82-92. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12560)

chlorophyll fluorescence

Else, Mark A., Janowiak, Franciszek, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Jackson, Michael B. (2009) Root signals and stomatal closure in relation to photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence and adventitious rooting of flooded tomato plants. Annals of Botany, 103 (2). pp. 313-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcn208)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, Lammert, Schapendonk, Ad. H. C. M., van der Putten, Peter E. L., van Ast, Aad, Dingemanse, Niels J. and Haussmann, Bettina I. G. (2007) CO2-assimilation and chlorophyll fluorescence as indirect selection criteria for host tolerance against Striga. Euphytica, 160 (1). pp. 75-87. ISSN 0014-2336 (Print), 1573-5060 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10681-007-9555-7)

cholinesterases

Cheke, R.A., Van der Walt, E., Mbereki, C., Mtobesya, B.N., Magoma, R.N., Farman, D.I., Adranyi, E. and McWilliam, A. (2011) Environmental impacts of the control with organophosphate pesticides and explosions of the red-billed quelea bird Quelea quelea in Africa. In: Jacob, Jens and Esther, Alexandra, (eds.) 8th European Verteb8th European Vertebrate Pest Management Conference, Berlin, Germany, 26-30 September 2011- Book of Abstracts. Julius-Kühn-Archiv, Bundesforschungsinstitut für Kulturpflanzen, Quedlinburg, Germany, pp. 130-131. ISBN 978-3-930037-82-7 (doi:10.5073/jka.2011.432.072)

Chromsosomes

Staňková, Helena, Hastie, Alex R., Chan, Saki, Vrána, Jan, Tulpová, Zuzana, Kubaláková, Marie, Visendi, Paul, Hayashi, Satomi, Luo, Mingcheng, Batley, Jacqueline, Edwards, David, Doležel, Jaroslav and Šimková, Hana (2016) BioNano genome mapping of individual chromosomes supports physical mapping and sequence assembly in complex plant genomes. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 14 (7). pp. 1523-1531. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12513)

chrysanthemum gall midge

Liu, Ya-Jia, Hall, David, Cross, Jerry, Farman, Dudley, Amarawardana, Lakmali, Liu, Qing-Ran and He, Xiong-Kui (2009) (2S,8Z)-2-Butyroxy-8-heptadecene: Major component of the sex pheromone of chrysanthemum gall midge, Rhopalomyia longicauda. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9647-z)

Chrysoperla carnea

Chapman, Jason W., Reynolds, Don R., Brooks, Stephen J., Smith, Alan D. and Woiwod, Ian P. (2006) Seasonal variation in the migration strategies of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea species complex. Ecological Entomology, 31 (4). pp. 378-388. ISSN 0307-6946 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2311.2006.00797.x)

cicadulina

Davis, C. (1991) Bibliography of Cicadulina (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) vectors of maize streak and related viruses (NRI Bulletin No. 40). [Working Paper]

cicer

Ruperao, Pradeep, Chan, Chon-Kit Kenneth, Azam, Sarwar, Karafiátová, Miroslava, Hayashi, Satomi, Čížková, Jana, Saxena, Rachit K., Šimková, Hana, Song, Chi, Vrána, Jan, Chitikineni, Annapurna, Visendi, Paul, Gaur, Pooran M., Millán, Teresa, Singh, Karam B., Taran, Bunyamin, Wang, Jun, Batley, Jacqueline, Doležel, Jaroslav, Varshney, Rajeev K. and Edwards, David (2014) A chromosomal genomics approach to assess and validate the desi and kabuli draft chickpea genome assemblies. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 12 (6). pp. 778-786. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12182)

cicer arietinum

Pallavi, M.S., Ramappa, H.K., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Wickramaarachchi, W.A.R.T. and Maruthi, M.N. (2012) Detection and molecular characterization of phytoplasma associated with chickpea phyllody disease in south India. Phytoparasitic, 40 (3). pp. 279-286. ISSN 0334-2123 (Print), 1876-7184 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12600-012-0221-9)

Pande, S., Rao, J.N., Sharma, M., Pathak, M. and Stevenson, P. (2010) Mass-screening techniques for the early selection of disease resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). In: Miranda, M. and Spencer, M.M., (eds.) Mass Screening Techniques for Selecting Crops Resistant to Diseases. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, pp. 201-234. ISBN 978-92-0-105110-3

cicerfuran

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Kokubun, Tetsuo and Hall, David R. (2009) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of cicerfuran and related 2-arylbenzofurans and stilbenes. Microbiological Research, 164 (2). pp. 191-195. ISSN 0944-5013 (doi:10.1016/j.micres.2006.11.012)

Aslam, Shazia N., Stevenson, Philip C., Phythian, Sara J., Veitch, Nigel C. and Hall, David R. (2006) Synthesis of cicerfuran, an antifungal benzofuran, and some related analogues. Tetrahedron, 62 (17). pp. 4214-4226. ISSN 0040-4020 (doi:10.1016/j.tet.2006.02.015)

Getti, G. T. M., Aslam, S.N., Humber, D.P., Stevenson, P. C. and Cheke, R. A. (2006) The effect of Cicerfuran, an Arylbenzofuran from Cicer bijugum, and related Benzofurans and Stilbenes on Leishmania aethiopica, L. tropica and L. major. Planta Medica, 72 (10). pp. 907-911. ISSN 0032-0943 (doi:10.1055/s-2006-947187)

CIMBAA

Kaliaperumal, R., Russell, D.A., Gujar, G.T., Behere, G., Dutt, S., Krishna, G.K., Mordhorst, A. and Grzywacz, D. (2011) The efficacy and sustainability of the CIMBAA transgenic Cry1B/Cry1C Bt cabbage and cauliflower plants for control of lepidopteran pests. In: Proceedings of the Sixth international workshop on management of the Diamond back moth and other crucifer insect pests. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Centre, Nakhon Pathom, Taiwan, pp. 305-311. ISBN 9290581905

CIMMYT

Collinson, Chris (1997) Scoping study: the impact of CIMMYT research on the UK wheat sector. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

circadian activity

Hawkes, Frances, Young, Stephen and Gibson, Gabriella (2012) Modification of spontaneous activity patterns in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto when presented with host-associated stimuli. Physiological Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 233-240. ISSN 0307-6962 (Print), 1365-3032 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.2012.00838.x)

Circadian rhythms

Sawadogo, Simon P., Costantini, Carlo, Pennetier, Cédric, Diabaté, Abdoulaye, Gibson, Gabriella and Dabiré, Roch K. (2013) Differences in timing of mating swarms in sympatric populations of Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. (formerly An. gambiae M and S molecular forms) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (1):275. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-275)

cissus quadrangularis

Nyahangare, Emmanuel T., Hove, Thokozani, Mvumi, Brighton M., Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey, Belmain, Steven R., Madzimure, James and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Acute mammalian toxicity of four pesticidal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6 (13). pp. 2674-2680. ISSN 1996-0875 (doi:10.5897/JMPR11.1767)

Citrus

Wright, G.A., Baker, D.D., Palmer, M.J., Stabler, D., Mustard, J.A., Power, E.F., Borland, A.M. and Stevenson, P.C. (2013) Caffeine in floral nectar enhances a pollinator's memory of reward. Science, 339 (6124). pp. 1202-1204. ISSN 0036-8075 (Print), 1095-9203 (Online) (doi:10.1126/science.1228806)

CJ Atkinson

Atkinson, Chris (2017) A Questioning Life: The Hows and Whys in the Application of Plant Science. Technical Report. Universtiy of Greenwich.

classification

Matthews, Marcus (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae (NRI Bulletin No. 44). [Working Paper]

Clavigralla tomentosicollis

Adati, T., Tamò, M., Yusuf, S.R., Downham, M.C.A., Singh, B.B. and Hammond, W. (2008) Integrated pest management for cowpea–cereal cropping systems in the West African savannah. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27 (3-4). pp. 123-137. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758407883172)

clay-lined pit

Blowfield, Mick and Donaldson, Tim (1993) Cattle and cribs: an inter-disciplinary approach to grain storage amongst pastoralists in Ethiopia and Nigeria. [Working Paper]

climate

Hector, D. A. (1993) Root and tuber crops for livestock feeding in Vietnam. Part 2: field survey in Nghe An province. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Stone, Roger, Sivakumar, M.V.K. and Burt, Peter (2006) Editorial. Meteorological Applications, 13 (S1). pp. 3-5. ISSN 1350-4827 (doi:10.1017/S1350482706002507)

climate change

Atkinson, C.J., Brennan, R.M. and Jones, H.G. (2013) Declining chilling and its impact on temperate perennial crops. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 91. pp. 48-62. ISSN 0098-8472 (doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2013.02.004)

Cheke, R.A. (2012) The thermal constant of the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 26 (2). pp. 236-238. ISSN 1365-2915 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00980.x)

Gibson, Richard W. (2009) A review of perceptual distinctiveness in landraces including an analysis of how its roles have been overlooked in plant breeding for low-input farming systems. Economic Botany, 63 (3). pp. 242-255. ISSN 0013-0001 (Print), 1874-9364 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s12231-009-9086-3)

Gilbert, Paul, Walsh, Conor, Traut, Michael, Kesieme, Uchenna, Pazouki, Kayvan and Murphy, Alan (2017) Assessment of full life-cycle air emissions of alternative shipping fuels. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172. pp. 855-866. ISSN 0959-6526 (doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.10.165)

Kabiri, Stella, Rodenburg, Jonne, Kayeke, Juma, Van Ast, Aad, Makokha, Derek W., Msangi, Saidi H., Irakiza, Rumyambo and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) Can the parasitic weeds Striga asiatica and Rhamphicarpa fistulosa co-occur in rain-fed rice? Weed Research, 55 (2). pp. 145-154. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/wre.12124)

Macfadyen, Sarina, Paull, Cate, Boykin, Laura M., De Barro, Paul, Maruthi, M. N., Ghosh, Saptarshi, Otim, Michael, Kalyebi, Andrew, Vassão, Daniel G., Sseruwagi, Peter, Tay, Wee Tek, Delatte, Helen, Seguni, Zuberi, Colvin, John and Omongo, Christopher Abu (2018) Cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in sub-Saharan African farming landscapes: a review of the factors determining abundance. Bulletin of Entomological Research. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1017/S0007485318000032)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

Walsh, Conor, Mander, Sarah and Larkin, Alice (2017) Charting a low carbon future for shipping: A UK perspective. Marine Policy, 82. pp. 32-40. ISSN 0308-597X (Print), 1872-9460 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.04.019)

climate change and variability

Clements, Rebecca, Haggar, Jeremy, Quezada, Alicia and Torres, Juan (2011) Technologies for climate change adaptation: agricultural sector. TNA Guidebook Series . UNEP Risø Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development / Practical Action, Roskilde, Denmark. ISBN 978-87-550-3927-8

climate exposure

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

Climate factors

Wang, Xia, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2016) A stage structured mosquito model incorporating effects of precipitation and daily temperature fluctuations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 411. pp. 27-36. ISSN 0022-5193 (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.09.015)

climate forecast

Gibberd, V., Rook, J., Sear, C. B. and Williams, J. B. (1995) Drought risk management in southern Africa. The potential of long lead climate forecasts for improved drought management. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

climate sensitivity

Baca, María, Läderach, Peter, Haggar, Jeremy, Schroth, Götz and Ovalle, Oreana (2014) An integrated framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation strategies for coffee growing families in Mesoamerica. PLOS ONE, 9 (2). e88463. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088463)

Climatic zone

Niang, Abibou, Becker, Mathias, Ewert, Frank, Dieng, Ibnou, Gaiser, Thomas, Tanaka, Atsuko, Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu, Rodenburg, Jonne, Johnson, Jean-Martial, Akakpo, Cyriaque, Segda, Zacharie, Gbakatchetche, Henri, Jaiteh, Famara, Bam, Ralph K., Dogbe, Wilson, Keita, Sékou, Kamissoko, Nianankoro, Mossi, Illiassou Maïga, Bakare, Oladele S., Cissé, Madiama, Baggie, Idriss, Ablede, Komlan A. and Saito, Kazuki (2017) Variability and determinants of yields in rice production systems of West Africa. Field Crops Research, 207. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0378-4290 (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2017.02.014)

Clitostethus arcuatus

Springate, S. and Arnold, S.E.J. (2011) New vice-county records of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and a new association with wild cabbage. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 24 (4). pp. 224-225. ISSN 0952-7583

Springate, Simon (2017) The cabbage whitefly Aleyrodes proletella and its natural enemies on wild cabbage Brassica oleracea on the Kent coast. Transactions of the Kent Field Club, 20. pp. 42-58. ISSN 0141-1225

closed‑tube reverse transcription loop‑mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP)

Nkere, Chukwuemeka K., Oyekanmi, Joshua O., Silva, Gonçalo, Bömer, Moritz, Atiri, Gabriel I., Onyeka, Joseph, Maroya, Norbert G., Seal, Susan E. and Kumar, P. Lava (2018) Chromogenic detection of yam mosaic virus by closed-tube reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP). Archives of Virology. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-018-3706-0)

Closteroviridae

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

Cluster analysis

Cheke, Robert A., Young, Stephen and Garms, Rolf (2016) Ecological characteristics of Simulium breeding sites in West Africa. Acta Tropica, 167. pp. 148-156. ISSN 0001-706X (doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.12.022)

Cluster oscillation

Yuan, Baoyin, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2015) Duality in phase space and complex dynamics of an integrated pest management network model. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos (ijbc), 25 (8):1550103. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0218-1274 (Print), 1793-6551 (Online) (doi:10.1142/S0218127415501035)

CMBs duplex and multiplex RT-PC

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020)

CMD

Alicai, T., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Hillocks, Rory, Baguma, Y., Kawuki, R., Bua, A., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Colvin, John (2007) Re-emergence of Cassava Brown Streak Disease in Uganda. Plant Disease, 91 (1). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0191-2917 (doi:10.1094/PD-91-0024)

Tomlinson, Katie R., Bailey, Andy M., Alicai, Titus, Seal, Sue and Foster, Gary D. (2017) Cassava brown streak disease: historical timeline, current knowledge and future prospects. Molecular Plant Pathology. ISSN 1464-6722 (Print), 1364-3703 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mpp.12613)

CO2

Rodenburg, Jonne, Meinke, Holger and Johnson, David E. (2011) Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 149 (04). pp. 427-435. ISSN 0021-8596 (Print), 1469-5146 (Online) (doi:10.1017/s0021859611000207)

CO2 reduction

Walsh, Conor, Mander, Sarah and Larkin, Alice (2017) Charting a low carbon future for shipping: A UK perspective. Marine Policy, 82. pp. 32-40. ISSN 0308-597X (Print), 1872-9460 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.04.019)

coat protein gene sequences

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Cochin

Twiddy, D. R. (1995) Report on a visit to CIFT, Cochin, India to provide training and guidance in studying microbiological problems in cultured fish/seafoods - 13 February - 11 March 1995. [Working Paper]

Cochliomyia hominivorax

Cork, A. and Hall, M.J.R. (2007) Development of an odour-baited target for female New World screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax: studies with host baits and synthetic wound fluids. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 21 (1). pp. 85-92. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.00661.x)

cocoa

Virdiana, Ike, Hall, David R. and Wood, B.J. (2011) Attraction of Helopeltis theobromae to live conspecific insects. The Planter, 87 (1018). pp. 25-33. ISSN 0126-575X

cocoa swollen shoot disease

Thresh, J. Michael (1998) The ecology of tropical plant viruses. Inaugural Lecture Series . Greenwich University Press, Chatham, UK. ISBN 1861661037

coexistence

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2008) Multiple attractors of host-parasitoid models with integrated pest management strategies: eradication, persistence and outbreak. Theoretical Population Biology, 73 (2). pp. 181-197. ISSN 0040-5809 (doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2007.12.001)

Coffea arabica

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

coffee

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Haggar, Jeremy P., Soto, Gabriela, Attarzadeh, Nicola and Healey, John R. (2012) Greenhouse gas emissions in coffee grown with differing input levels under conventional and organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 151. pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.01.019)

Noponen, Martin R.A., Healey, John R., Soto, Gabriela and Haggar, Jeremy P. (2013) Sink or source—The potential of coffee agroforestry systems to sequester atmospheric CO2 into soil organic carbon. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 175. pp. 60-68. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.012)

coffee agroforestry

Noponen, Martin R.A., Haggar, Jeremy P., Edwards-Jones, Gareth and Healey, John R. (2013) Intensification of coffee systems can increase the effectiveness of REDD mechanisms. Agricultural Systems, 119. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.03.006)

Coffee morphology

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

coffee quality

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

coffee white stem borer

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Coffee yield

Schnabel, Florian, de Melo Virginio, Elias, Xu, Su, Fisk, Ian, Roupsard, Olivier and Haggar, Jeremy (2017) Shade trees: a determinant to the relative success of organic versus conventional coffee production. Agroforestry Systems. ISSN 0167-4366 (Print), 1572-9680 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10457-017-0100-y)

cold storage

Davies, M.J., Longbottom, H. and Atkinson, C.J. (2011) Changes in duration of rhizome cold storage and manipulation of the growing environment to promote field establishment of Miscanthus giganteus. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35 (10). pp. 4268-4279. ISSN 0961-9534 (doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.07.013)

Coleoptera

Belmain, S. R., Simmonds, M. S. J. and Blaney, W. M. (1999) Deathwatch beetle, Xestobium rufovillosum, in historical buildings: monitoring the pest and its predators. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 93 (1). pp. 97-104. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1999.00566.x)

Belmain, S.R., Blaney, W.M. and Simmonds, M.S.J. (1998) Host selection behaviour of deathwatch beetle, Xestobium rufovillosum: Oviposition preference choice assays testing old vs new oak timber, Quercus sp. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 89 (2). pp. 193-199. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1998.00399.x)

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Nguyen, Duong T., Hodges, Rick J. and Belmain, Steven R. (2007) Do walking Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) locate cereal hosts by chance? Journal of Stored Products Research, 44 (1). pp. 90-99. ISSN 0022-474X (doi:10.1016/j.jspr.2007.06.008)

Pajares, Juan A., Álvarez, Gonzalo, Hall, David R., Douglas, Paul, Centeno, Felix, Ibarra, Nieves, Schroeder, Martin, Teale, Stephen A., Wang, Zhiying, Yan, Shanchun, Millar, Jocelyn G. and Hanks, Lawrence M. (2013) 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 149 (2). pp. 118-127. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1111/eea.12113)

coleoptera apionidae

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Talwana, Herbert, Hall, David, Farman, Dudley I. and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Root chemicals could offer opportunities for breeding for sweet potato resistance to the weevil cylas puncticollis boheman (coleoptera: apionidae). In: Midiwo, Jacob and Clough, John, (eds.) Aspects of African Biodiversity. Proceedings of the Pan Africa Chemistry Network Biodiversity Conference, Nairobi, 10-12 September 2008. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK, pp. 49-57. ISBN 9781847559487 (Print) 9781847559647 (online) (doi:10.1039/9781847559647-00049)

Colloidal gold

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

color space

Arnold, Sarah, Le Comber, Steven C. and Chittka, Lars (2009) Flower color phenology in European grassland and woodland habitats, through the eyes of pollinators. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, 57 (3). pp. 211-230. ISSN 0792-9978 (doi:10.1560/IJPS.57.3.211)

colour

Arnold, Sarah, Savolainen, Vincent and Chittka, Lars (2008) FReD: the floral reflectance spectra database. Nature Precedings. (doi:10.1038/npre.2008.1846.1)

Lindh, Jenny M., Goswami, Parikshit, Blackburn, Richard S., Arnold, Sarah E.J., Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Mike J. and Torr, Steve J. (2012) Optimizing the colour and fabric of targets for the control of the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6 (5):e1661. ISSN 1935-2727 (Print), 1935-2735 (Online) (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001661)

colour constancy

Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Chittka, Lars (2012) Illumination preference, illumination constancy and colour discrimination by bumblebees in an environment with patchy light. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 215 (13). pp. 2173-2180. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.065565)

colour hexagon

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Faruq, Samia, Savolainen, Vincent, McOwan, Peter W. and Chittka, Lars (2010) FReD: the Floral Reflectance Database - a web portal for analyses of flower colour. PLoS ONE, 5 (12). e14287. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014287)

colour vision

Arnold, S.E.J., Stevenson, P.C. and Belmain, S.R. (2015) Responses to colour and host odour cues in three cereal pest species, in the context of ecology and control. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 105 (4). pp. 417-425. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0007485315000346)

Arnold, Sarah, Savolainen, Vincent and Chittka, Lars (2008) FReD: the floral reflectance spectra database. Nature Precedings. (doi:10.1038/npre.2008.1846.1)

Arnold, Sarah, Stevenson, Philip and Belmain, Steven (2016) Shades of yellow: interactive effects of visual and odour cues in a pest beetle. PeerJ, 4:e2219. ISSN 2376-5992 (Print), 2167-8359 (Online) (doi:10.7717/peerj.2219)

Arnold, Sarah E.J. and Chittka, Lars (2012) Illumination preference, illumination constancy and colour discrimination by bumblebees in an environment with patchy light. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 215 (13). pp. 2173-2180. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.065565)

common mosaic virus

Spence, Nicola J. and Walkey, D. G. A. (1994) Bean common mosaic virus and related viruses in Africa. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (63) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543560 ISSN 0952-8245

community conservation

Rodenburg, Jonne, Both, Judith, Heitkönig, Ignas M.A., Van Koppen, C.S.A. (Kris), Sinsin, Brice, Van Mele, Paul and Kiepe, Paul (2012) Land use and biodiversity in unprotected landscapes: The case of noncultivated plant use and management by rural communities in Benin and Togo. Society & Natural Resources, 25 (12). pp. 1221-1240. ISSN 0894-1920 (Print), 1521-0723 (Online) (doi:10.1080/08941920.2012.674628)

compensation

Chapman, Jason W., Reynolds, Don R., Hill, Jane K., Sivell, Duncan, Smith, Alan D. and Woiwod, Ian P. (2008) A seasonal switch in compass orientation in a high-flying migrant moth. Current Biology, 18 (19). R908-R909. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2008.08.014)

competition

Buchi, Lucie and Vuilleumier, Séverine (2014) Coexistence of specialist and generalist species is shaped by dispersal and environmental factors. The American Naturalist, 183 (5). pp. 612-624. ISSN 0003-0147 (Print), 1537-5323 (Online) (doi:10.1086/675756)

Colvin, J., Omongo, C.A., Maruthi, M.N., Otim-Nape, G.W. and Thresh, J.M. (2004) Dual begomovirus infections and high Bemisia tabaci populations: two factors driving the spread of a cassava mosaic disease pandemic. Plant Pathology, 53 (5). pp. 577-584. ISSN 0032-0862 (doi:10.1111/j.0032-0862.2004.01062.x)

Demont, Matty and Rodenburg, Jonne (2016) On the interaction between weed and bird damage in rice. Weed Research, 56 (3). pp. 193-197. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/wre.12206)

competitive system

Liu, Zhijun, Wu, Jianhua and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Coexistence and partial extinction in a delay competitive system subject to impulsive harvesting and stocking. IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, 75 (5). pp. 777-795. ISSN 0272-4960 (Print), 1464-3634 (Online) (doi:10.1093/imamat/hxq033)

Wang, Qinglong, Liu, Zhijun, Li, Zuxiong and Cheke, Robert A. (2014) Existence and global asymptotic stability of positive almost periodic solutions of a two-species competitive system. International Journal of Biomathematics, 7 (4):1450040. ISSN 1793-5245 (Print), 1793-7159 (Online) (doi:10.1142/S1793524514500405)

Complete genome

Bömer, Moritz, Rathnayake, Ajith I., Visendi, Paul, Silva, Gonçalo and Seal, Susan E. (2017) Complete genome sequence of a new member of the genus Badnavirus, Dioscorea bacilliform RT virus 3, reveals the first evidence of recombination in yam badnaviruses. Archives of Virology. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-017-3605-9)

complex dynamics

Qin, Wenjie, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2014) The effects of resource limitation on a predator-prey model with control measures as nonlinear pulses. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2014:450935. ISSN 1024-123X (Print), 1563-5147 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2014/450935)

complexes

Mustapha, M., McCall, P.J., Cheke, Robert A. and Post, R.J. (2006) The blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Bioko (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) and the Gulf of Guinea with a description of the larvae of the 'Pomeroy' form of Simulium cervicornutum. Systematic Entomology, 31 (4). pp. 611-620. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00330.x)

congruence

Morales-Hojas, R., Cheke, Robert A. and Post, R.J. (2006) Molecular systematics of five Onchocerca species (Nematoda: Filarioidea) including the human parasite, O. volvulus, suggest sympatric speciation. Journal of Helminthology, 80 (3). pp. 281-290. ISSN 0022-149X (doi:10.1079/JOH2006331)

coniesta ignefusalis

Jago, N.D., Kremer, A.R. and West, C. (1993) Pesticides on millet in Mali (NRI Bulletin 50). [Working Paper]

Youm, Ousmane, Maliki, Yacouba, Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I. and Foster, John E. (2011) Pheromone-mediated mating disruption in the millet stem borer, Coniesta ignefusalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Crop Protection, 31 (1). pp. 50-57. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2011.09.008)

connectivity

Cheke, Robert A. and Tratalos, Jamie A. (2007) Migration, patchiness and population processes illustrated by two migrant pests. BiosScience, 57 (2). pp. 145-154. ISSN 0006-3568 (doi:10.1641/B570209)

Conopomorpha cramerella

Zhang, Aijun, Kuang, Lip Foo, Maisin, Navies, Karumuru, Bhanu, Hall, David R., Virdiana, Ike, Lambert, Smilja, Bin Purung, Hussin, Wang, Shifa and Hebbar, Prakash (2008) Activity evaluation of cocoa pod borer sex pheromone in cacao fields. Environmental Entomology, 37 (3). pp. 719-724. ISSN 0046-225X (Print), 1938-2936 (Online) (doi:10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[719:AEOCPB]2.0.CO;2)

Conservation

Nnamani, Catherine Veronica, Ajayi, Sunday Adesola, Oselebe, Happiness Ogba, Atkinson, Christopher John, Igboabuchi, Anastasia Ngozi and Ezigbo, Eucharia Chizoba (2017) Sphenostylis stenocarpa (ex. A. Rich.) Harms., a fading genetic resource in a changing climate: Prerequisite for conservation and sustainability. Plants, 6 (3):30. ISSN 2223-7747 (Print), 2223-7747 (Online) (doi:10.3390/plants6030030)

Tamungang, Simon A., Cheke, Robert A., Mofor, Gilbert Z., Tamungang, Richard N. and Oben, Fritz T. (2014) Conservation concern for the deteriorating geographical range of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon. International Journal of Ecology, 2014:753294. ISSN 1687-9708 (Print), 1687-9716 (Online) (doi:10.1155/2014/753294)

Conservation agriculture

Buchi, Lucie, Valsangiacomo, Alain, Burel, Enguerrand and Charles, Raphaël (2015) Integrating simulation data from a crop model in the development of an agri-environmental indicator for soil cover in Switzerland. European Journal of Agronomy, 76. pp. 149-159. ISSN 1161-0301 (Print), 1873-7331 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2015.11.004)

Randrianjafizanaka, Meva Tahiry, Autfray, Patrice, Andrianaivo, Alain Paul, Ramonta, Isabelle Ratsimiala and Rodenburg, Jonne (2018) Combined effects of cover crops, mulch, zero-tillage and resistant varieties on Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze in rice-maize rotation systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 256. pp. 23-33. ISSN 0167-8809 (doi:10.1016/j.agee.2017.12.005)

conservation implications

Tamungang, Simon A., Ofeh, Moses A., Tchamba, Martin N., Cheke, Robert A. and Kougoum, Ghislane P. (2016) Challenges and conservation implications of the parrot trade in Cameroon. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 10 (3). pp. 1210-1234. ISSN 1991-8631 (Print), 1997-342X (Online) (doi:10.4314/ijbcs.v10i3.26)

conservation status

Tamungang, Simon A., Cheke, Robert A., Kougoum, Ghislain P. and Ntiri, Eric S. (2013) Linking population size to conservation needs of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 5 (8). pp. 478-485. ISSN 2141-243X (Print), 2141-243X (Online) (doi:10.5897/IJBC2013.0569)

constraints

Wright, Mark (1996) Researchable constraints in the seed sector in developing countries. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

contact and fumigant toxicity

Mkenda, Prisila A., Stevenson, Philip, Ndakidemi, Patrick, Farman, Dudley and Belmain, Steven (2015) Contact and fumigant toxicity of five pesticidal plants against Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 35 (4). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S174275841500017X)

Contact angle

Sikorska, Daria, Papierowska, Ewa, Szatyłowicz, Jan, Sikorska, Piotr, Suprun, Katarzyna and Hopkins, Richard J. (2017) Variation in leaf surface hydrophobicity of wetland plants: the role of plant traits in water retention. Wetlands, 37 (5). pp. 997-1002. ISSN 0277-5212 (Print), 1943-6246 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s13157-017-0924-2)

Container production

Davies, Michael J., Harrison-Murray, Richard, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Grant, Olga (2016) Application of deficit irrigation to container-grown hardy ornamental nursery stock via overhead irrigation compared to drip irrigation. Agricultural Water Management, 163. pp. 244-254. ISSN 0378-3774 (doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2015.09.015)

containment

Brewer, Helen C., Hird, Diane L., Bailey, Andy M., Seal, Susan E. and Foster, Gary D. (2018) A guide to the contained use of plant virus infectious clones. Plant Biotechnology Journal. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12876)

contaminated environment

Wang, Jinyan, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert (2016) Modelling the effects of contaminated environments on HFMD infections in mainland China. BioSystems, 140. pp. 1-7. ISSN 0303-2647 (Print), 1872-8324 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.biosystems.2015.12.001)

contamination

Coker, R.D. (1997) Mycotoxins and their control: constraints and opportunities (NRI Bulletin 73). [Working Paper]

Mdangi, M., Mulungu, L.S., Massawe, A.W., Eiseb, S.J., Tutjavi, V., Kirsten, F., Mahlaba, T., Malebane, P., von Maltitz, E., Monadjem, A., Dlamini, N., Makundi, R.H. and Belmain, S.R. (2013) Assessment of rodent damage to stored maize (Zea mays L.) on smallholder farms in Tanzania. International Journal of Pest Management, 59 (1). pp. 55-62. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2012.744495)

Contraceptive bait

Massawe, Apia W., Makundi, Rhodes H., Zhang, Zhibin, Mhamphi, Ginethon, Liu, Ming, Li, Hong-Jun and Belmain, Steven R. (2017) Effect of synthetic hormones on reproduction in Mastomys natalensis. Journal of Pest Science. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-017-0894-4)

control

Cheke, R.A. (2012) The thermal constant of the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 26 (2). pp. 236-238. ISSN 1365-2915 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00980.x)

Cheke, Robert A., Fiasorgbor, G.K., Walsh, J.F. and Yaméogo, L. (2008) Elimination of the Djodji form of the blackfly Simulium sanctipauli sensu stricto as a result of larviciding by the WHO Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2). pp. 172-174. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00725.x)

Coker, R.D. (1997) Mycotoxins and their control: constraints and opportunities (NRI Bulletin 73). [Working Paper]

Hall, David R., Amarawardana, Lakmali, Cross, Jerry V., Francke, Wittko, Boddum, Tina and Hillbur, Ylva (2012) The chemical ecology of cecidomyiid midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38 (1). pp. 2-22. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-011-0053-y)

Hillocks, Rory J. (2010) Cotton diseases and their control in the 21st century. In: Wakelyn, Phillip J. and Chaudry, M. Rafiq, (eds.) Cotton: Technology for the 21st Century. International Cotton Advisory Council, Washington DC, USA, pp. 155-180. ISBN 9780979390357

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

Taylor, Robert, Coulter, Jonathan, Collinson, Chris and Kelly, Mike (1998) New controls on methyl bromide: UK impact study. Structural and commodity uses (NRI report no. 2392). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Torr, S.J., Mangwiro, T.N.C. and Hall, D.R. (2011) Shoo fly, don't bother me! Efficacy of traditional methods of protecting cattle from tsetse. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25 (2). pp. 192-201. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2010.00942.x)

control method

Ritchie, J. M. and Dobson, H. (1995) Desert locust control operations and their environmental impacts. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544179 ISSN 0952-8245

controlled release

Cork, A., De Souza, K., Hall, D.R., Jones, O.T., Casagrande, E., Krishnaiah, K. and Syed, Z. (2008) Development of PVC-resin-controlled release formulation for pheromones and use in mating disruption of yellow rice stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas. Crop Protection, 27 (2). pp. 248-255. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2007.05.011)

Conversion Processes

Bayer, Philipp E., Ruperao, Pradeep, Mason, Annaliese S., Stiller, Jiri, Chan, Chon-Kit Kenneth, Hayashi, Satomi, Long, Yan, Meng, Jinling, Sutton, Tim, Visendi, Paul, Varshney, Rajeev K., Batley, Jacqueline and Edwards, David (2015) High-resolution skim genotyping by sequencing reveals the distribution of crossovers and gene conversions in Cicer arietinum and Brassica napus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 128 (6). pp. 1039-1047. ISSN 0040-5752 (Print), 1432-2242 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00122-015-2488-y)

cooperative breeding

King, Tony and Cheke, Robert A. (2009) Cooperative breeding in the Violet-tailed Sunbird Anthreptes aurantium. Malimbus, 31 (1). pp. 20-27. ISSN 0331-3689

corn-rootworm coleoptera

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

coroglaucigenin

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

cost-effective protocols

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

Cote d'Ivoire

Rayaisse, J.B., Tirados, I., Kaba, D., Dewhirst, S.Y., Logan, J.G., Diarrassouba, A., Salou, E., Omolo, M.O., Solano, P., Lehane, M.J., Pickett, J.A., Vale, G.A., Torr, S.J.. and Esterhuizen, J. (2010) Prospects for the development of odour baits to control the tsetse flies Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis s.l. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4 (3). e632. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000632)

Cotinus

Cameron, R., Harrison-Murray, R., Fordham, M., Wilkinson, S., Davies, W., Atkinson, C. and Else, M. (2008) Regulated irrigation of woody ornamentals to improve plant quality and precondition against drought stress. Annals of Applied Biology, 153 (1). pp. 49-61. ISSN 0003-4746 (Print), 1744-7348 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2008.00237.x)

Cotton

Gibson, R.W. and Sweetmore, A., (eds.) (1991) Proceedings of a seminar on crop protection for resource poor farmers. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543218

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

Hillocks, Rory J. (2010) Cotton diseases and their control in the 21st century. In: Wakelyn, Phillip J. and Chaudry, M. Rafiq, (eds.) Cotton: Technology for the 21st Century. International Cotton Advisory Council, Washington DC, USA, pp. 155-180. ISBN 9780979390357

cotton bollworm

Russell, Derek A., Denholm, Ian, Devine, Greg, Moores, Grahame, Javed, Naghmy, Kranthi, Keshav R., Regupathy, A., Singh, Joginder, Wu, Yidong and Amad, Mushtaq (2006) Sustainable control of cotton bollworm in small-scale cotton-production systems. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 157-158. ISBN 0954645278

cotton plant

Ahmed, Muhammad Z., Ren, Shun-Xiang, Mandour, Nasser S., Maruthi, M.N., Naveed, Muhammad and Qiu, Bao-Li (2009) Phylogenetic analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from cotton plants in Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Journal of Pest Science, 83 (2). pp. 135-141. ISSN 1612-4758 (Print), 1612-4766 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10340-009-0279-4)

coumaric

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

Cover crop

Jaffuel, Geoffrey, Blanco-Pérez, Rubén, Buchi, Lucie, Mäder, Paul, Fließbach, Andreas, Charles, Raphaël, Degen, Thomas, Turlings, Ted C. J. and Campos-Herrera, Raquel (2017) Effects of cover crops on the overwintering success of entomopathogenic nematodes and their antagonists. Applied Soil Ecology, 114. pp. 62-73. ISSN 0929-1393 (doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.02.006)

Cover crops

Herrera, J. M., Buchi, L., Rubio, G., Torres-Guerrero, C., Wendling, M., Stamp, P. and Pellet, D. (2016) Root decomposition at high and low N supply throughout a crop rotation. European Journal of Agronomy, 84. pp. 105-112. ISSN 1161-0301 (Print), 1873-7331 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.eja.2016.12.012)

cowpea

Adati, T., Tamò, M., Yusuf, S.R., Downham, M.C.A., Singh, B.B. and Hammond, W. (2008) Integrated pest management for cowpea–cereal cropping systems in the West African savannah. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 27 (3-4). pp. 123-137. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S1742758407883172)

Mkenda, Prisila A., Stevenson, Philip, Ndakidemi, Patrick, Farman, Dudley and Belmain, Steven (2015) Contact and fumigant toxicity of five pesticidal plants against Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 35 (4). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1742-7584 (Print), 1742-7592 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S174275841500017X)

Rubiales, Diego, Pérez-de-Luque, Alejandro, Fernández-Aparico, Mónica, Sillero, Josefina C., Román, Belén, Kharrat, Mohamed, Khalil, Shaban, Joel, Daniel M. and Riches, Charles R. (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance against parasitic weeds in grain legumes. Euphytica, 147 (1-2). pp. 187-199. ISSN 0014-2336 (doi:10.1007/s10681-006-7399-1)

Stevenson, Philip C, Green, Paul WC, Veitch, Nigel C, Farrell, Iain W, Kusolwa, Paul and Belmain, Steven (2016) Nor-hopanes from Zanha africana root bark with toxicity to bruchid beetles. Phytochemistry, 123. pp. 25-32. ISSN 0031-9422 (Print), 1873-3700 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.01.008)

cowpea weevil

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Stevenson, Philip C. and Belmain, Steven R. (2012) Odour-mediated orientation of beetles is influenced by age, sex and morph. PLOS ONE, 7 (11):e49071. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049071)

Belmain, Steven R., Amoah, Barbara A., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Kamanula, John F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (40). pp. 10055-10063. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf3032217)

crinivirus

Aritua, V., Barg, E., Adipala, E., Gibson, Richard W. and Vetten, H.J. (2008) Further evidence for limited genetic diversity among East African isolates of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus. Journal Of Phytopathology, 156 (3). pp. 181-189. ISSN 1439-0434 (doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01338.x)

Crithidia

Koch, Hauke, Brown, Mark J. F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) The role of disease in bee foraging ecology. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 21. pp. 60-67. ISSN 2214-5753 (Print), 2214-5745 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cois.2017.05.008)

Critical glucose threshold

Yang, Jin, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2016) The regulatory system for diabetes mellitus: Modeling rates of glucose infusions and insulin injections. Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, 37. pp. 305-325. ISSN 1007-5704 (Print), 1878-7274 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cnsns.2016.02.001)

crocodiles

Anwana, E.D., Cheke, R. A., Martin, A. M., Obireke, L., Asei, M., Otufu, P. and Otobotekere, D. (2010) The crocodile is our brother: sacred lakes of the Niger Delta, implications for conservation management. In: Verschuuren, Bas, Wild, Robert, Mcneely, Jeffrey and Oviedo, Gonzalo, (eds.) Sacred Natural Sites: Conserving Nature and Culture. Earthscan / International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), London / Washington, DC, pp. 129-138. ISBN 9781849711661

crop

Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David L. and Stevenson, Philip C. (eds.) (2007) The lentil: an ancient crop for modern times. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print), 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online)

crop biotechnology

Seal, Susan, Sangare, A. and Makinde, M. (2008) Crop biotechnology and biosafety. SCARDA Briefing Papers Strengthening Capacity for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Accra, pp. 24-32. ISBN 978-9988-1-1063-4

crop damage

Allan, R. (1996) The grain-eating birds of Sub-Saharan Africa: Identification, biology and management. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544648

Cheke, R. A., Rosenberg, L. J. and Kieser, M. E. (eds.) (2000) Workshop on research p riorities for migrant pests of agriculture in Southern Africa, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, 24–26 March 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545229

Mulungu, L. S., Lagwen, P. P., Mdangi, M. E., Kilonzo, B. S. and Belmain, S. R. (2014) Impact of spatio-temporal simulations of rat damage on yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and implications for rodent pest management. International Journal of Pest Management, 60 (4). pp. 269-274. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2014.967326)

Odiyo, P. Onyango (1975) Seasonal distribution and migrations of Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Tropical Pest Bulletin (4). Centre for Overseas Pest Research (COPR), London, UK. ISBN 0851350704

Stabrawa, Anna (1992) Study of the maize and cassava farming and storage systems in central Togo with reference to the impact of the larger grain borer. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

crop damage assessment

Cross, Jerry V., Baroffio, Catherine, Grassi, Alberto, Hall, David R., Labanowska, Barbara, Milenkovic, Slobodan, Nilsson, Thilda, Shternshis, Margarita, Torneus, Christer, Trandem, Nina and Vetek, Gábor (2008) Monitoring raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi, with sex pheromone traps: results from 2006. In: Linder, C.H. and Cross, Jerry V., (eds.) Working Group “Integrated Plant Protection in Fruit Crops”, Sub Group “Soft Fruits”. Proceedings of the “Workshop on Integrated Soft Fruit Production” at East Malling (UK), 24-27 September, 2007. International Organisation for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, Darmstadt, pp. 11-17. ISBN 9789290672135

crop husbandry

Mortimer, A.M., Mazid, M.A. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Long-term sustainability in weed management for direct seeding of rainfed rice. In: Riches, C.R., Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 67-78. ISBN 9712202291

crop loss

Allan, R. (1996) The grain-eating birds of Sub-Saharan Africa: Identification, biology and management. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544648

Cheke, R. A., Rosenberg, L. J. and Kieser, M. E. (eds.) (2000) Workshop on research p riorities for migrant pests of agriculture in Southern Africa, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, 24–26 March 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545229

Legg, James P. and Hillocks, Rory J. (2003) Cassava brown streak virus disease: Past, present and future. In: Proceedings of an International Workshop, Mombasa, Kenya, 27-30 October 2002. Natural Resources International Limited, Aylesford, UK. ISBN 0953927474

crop management

Chancellor, Tim, Busolo-Bulafo, Charles, van der Merwe, Piet, Rayapati, Naidu and Kimmins, Francis (2006) Groundnut rosette disease management. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 57-58. ISBN 0954645278

Cork, Alan, Kamal, Nazira Quaraishi, Ahmed, Sarwar, Jayanth, D.K.P. and Casagrande, E. (2006) Commercial adoption of pheromones as a component in ICM of rice in Bangladesh. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 165-170. ISBN 0954645278

Dobson, Hans and Laboschange, Louise (2006) Promoting the adoption of IPM in vegetable production. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 122-124. ISBN 0954645278

Jabbar, M.A., Orr, Alastair and Karmakar, B. (2008) Direct-seeded rice in the High Barind Tract: economics and farmer evaluation. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 47-65. ISBN 9712202291

Mazid, M.A., Khamarker, B., Mortimer, A.M. and Riches, Charles R. (2008) Developments in direct seeding of rainfed rice in the High Barind Tract. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 33-45. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, A., Mwale, B., Ritchie, J. M., Lawson-McDowall, J. and Chanika, C. S. M. (2000) Learning and livelihoods: The experience of the FSIPM project in southern Malawi. Farming systems integrated pest management project . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545245

Orr, Alastair, Jabbar, M.A., Mazid, M.A. and Karmakar, B. (2008) Decision-making for rabi cropping in the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh: a farmer perspective. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños (Philippines), Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 157-174. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Riches, Charles R., Mortimer, A.M., Harris, D. and Mazid, M.A. (2008) Farm-level opportunities for increasing productivity and income in the High Barind Tract: a synthesis. In: Riches, Charlie, Harris, D., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Improving agricultural productivity in rice-based systems of the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 9-24. ISBN 9712202291

Orr, Alastair, Singh, S.P., Singh, B.N. and Sinha, R.K.P. (2008) Prospects for direct-seeded rice in eastern India: socioeconomic perspectives. In: Singh, Y., Singh, V.P., Chauhan, B., Orr, Alastair, Mortimer, A.M., Johnson, D.E. and Hardy, B., (eds.) Direct seeding of rice and weed managment in the irrigated rice-wheat cropping system of the Indo-Gangetic plains. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, pp. 251-266. ISBN 978-971-22-0236-0

Ritchie, J. M. (ed.) (2000) Integrated crop management research in Malawi: developing technologies with farmers. Proceedings of the final project workshop, Club Makokola, Mangochi, Malawi, 29 November - 3 December 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545199

Russell, Derek A., Denholm, Ian, Devine, Greg, Moores, Grahame, Javed, Naghmy, Kranthi, Keshav R., Regupathy, A., Singh, Joginder, Wu, Yidong and Amad, Mushtaq (2006) Sustainable control of cotton bollworm in small-scale cotton-production systems. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 157-158. ISBN 0954645278

Stevenson, Philip C., Grzywacz, David, Pande, Suresh, Rao, Narayana, Neupane, Ram Krishna, Chaudhary, Ram N. and Bourai, Vinay A. (2006) Promoting the adoption of improved ICM technologies in chickpea by poor farmers in Nepal. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 152-154. ISBN 0954645278

crop pest

Allan, R. (1996) The grain-eating birds of Sub-Saharan Africa: Identification, biology and management. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544648

Davis, C. (1991) Bibliography of Cicadulina (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) vectors of maize streak and related viruses (NRI Bulletin No. 40). [Working Paper]

Douthwaite, R. J. and Tingle, C. C. D. (eds.) (1994) DDT in the tropics: The impact on wildlife in Zimbabwe of ground spraying for Tsetse fly control. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543641

Geddes, A.M.W. (1990) The relative importance of crop pests in sub-Saharan Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 36). [Working Paper]

Geddes, A.M.W. and Iles, Malcolm (1991) The relative importance of crop pests in South Asia (NRI Bulletin No. 39). [Working Paper]

Golob, P., Marsland, N., Nyambo, B., Mutambuki, K., Moshy, A., Kasalile, E.C., Tran, B.H.M., Birkinshaw, L. and Day, R. (1999) Coping strategies adopted by small-scale farmers in Tanzania and Kenya to counteract problems caused by storage pests, particularly the Larger Grain Borer. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Reynolds, D.R. and Riley, J.R. (1997) Flight behaviour and migration of insect pests: Radar studies in developing countries (NRI Bulletin 71). [Working Paper]

Xie, Wen, Chen, Chunhai, Yang, Zezhong, Guo, Litao, Yang, Xin, Wang, Dan, Chen, Ming, Huang, Jinqun, Wen, Yanan, Zeng, Yang, Lui, Yating, Xia, Jixing, Tian, Lixia, Cui, Hongying, Wu, Qingjun, Wang, Shaoli, Xu, Baoyun, Li, Xianchun, Tan, Xinqiu, Ghanim, Murad, Qiu, Baoli, Pan, Huipeng, Chu, Dong, Delatte, Helene, Maruthi, M.N., Ge, Feng, Zhou, Xueping, Wang, Xiaowei, Wan, Fanghao, Du, Yuzhou, Luo, Chen, Yan, Fengming, Preisser, Evan L., Jiao, Xiaguo, Coates, Brad S., Zhao, Yinyang, Gao, Qiang, Xia, Jinquan, Yin, Ye, Liu, Yong, Brown, Judith K., Zhou, Xuguo Joe and Zhang, Youjun (2017) Genome sequencing of the sweetpotato whitefly Bemsia tabaci MED/Q. GigaScience, 6 (5). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2041-1723 (doi:10.1093/gigascience/gix018)

crop pests

Cheke, Robert A., Venn, Jon F. and Jones, Peter J. (2006) A spatio-temporal model for predicting when and where Red-billed Quelea will breed in southern Africa. Journal of Ornithology, 147 (Sup 1). p. 147. ISSN 0021-8375 (Print), 1439-0361 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10336-006-0093-1)

Geddes, A.M.W. (1992) The relative importance of pre-harvest crop pests in Indonesia (NRI Bulletin 47). [Working Paper]

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

Russell, Derek A. (2008) Insect resistant cabbage and cauliflower: the CIMBAA public-private partnership. In: Dhawan, Vibha, (ed.) Agriculture for food security and rural growth. TERI Press The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi. ISBN 978-8179931523

crop production

Kiome, R. M. and Stocking, M. A. (1993) Soil and water conservation in semi-arid Kenya. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543595 ISSN 0952-8245

Crop protection

Gibson, R.W. and Sweetmore, A., (eds.) (1991) Proceedings of a seminar on crop protection for resource poor farmers. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543218

Allan, R. (1996) The grain-eating birds of Sub-Saharan Africa: Identification, biology and management. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859544648

Cheke, R. A., Rosenberg, L. J. and Kieser, M. E. (eds.) (2000) Workshop on research p riorities for migrant pests of agriculture in Southern Africa, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, 24–26 March 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545229

Dobson, Hans and Laboschange, Louise (2006) Promoting the adoption of IPM in vegetable production. In: Sweetmore, Anne, Kimmins, Francis and Silverside, Penny, (eds.) Perspectives on pests II: achievements of research under UK Department for International Development Crop Protection Programme 2000–05. Natural Resources International Ltd., Aylesford, UK, pp. 122-124. ISBN 0954645278

Grzywacz, David, Cherry, Andrew and Gwynn, Roma (2009) Biological pesticides for Africa: why has so little of the research undertaken to date resulted in new products to help Africa's poor? Outlooks on Pest Management, 20 (2). pp. 77-81. ISSN 1743-1026 (Print), 1743-1034 (Online) (doi:10.1564/20apr09)

Rodenburg, Jonne, Schut, Marc, Demont, Matty, Klerkx, Laurens, Gbèhounou, Gualbert, Oude Lansink, Alfons, Mourits, Monique, Rotteveel, Ton, Kayeke, Juma, van Ast, Aad, Akanvou, Louise, Cissoko, Mamadou, Kamanda, Josey and Bastiaans, Lammert (2015) Systems approaches to innovation in pest management: reflections and lessons learned from an integrated research program on parasitic weeds in rice. International Journal of Pest Management, 61 (4). pp. 329-339. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2015.1066042)

Sweetmore, Anne, Rothschild, George and Eden-Green, Simon (eds.) (2001) Perpespective on pests. Achievement of research under the UK Department for International Development's Crop Protection Programme, 1996-2000. Natural Resources International Limited, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0953927415

crop protection practices

Deguine, Jean-Philippe, Ferron, Pierre and Russell, Derek (2008) Protection des cultures: de l'agrochimie à l'agroécologie. Editions Quae, Versailles, France. ISBN 978-2759201679 (pbk), 9782759209705 (ebk)

Crop Protection Programme

Sweetmore, Anne, Rothschild, George and Eden-Green, Simon (eds.) (2001) Perpespective on pests. Achievement of research under the UK Department for International Development's Crop Protection Programme, 1996-2000. Natural Resources International Limited, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0953927415

crop suitability modeling

Schroth, Goetz, Laderach, Peter, Dempewolf, Jan, Philpott, Stacy, Haggar, Jeremy, Eakin, Hallie, Castillejos, Teresa, Garcia Moreno, Jaime, Soto Pinto, Lorena, Hernandez, Ricardo, Eitzinger, Anton and Ramirez Villegas, Julian (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (7). pp. 605-625. ISSN 1381-2386 (Print), 1573-1596 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11027-009-9186-5)

crop virus

Davis, C. (1991) Bibliography of Cicadulina (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) vectors of maize streak and related viruses (NRI Bulletin No. 40). [Working Paper]

crop yield

Mulungu, L. S., Lagwen, P. P., Mdangi, M. E., Kilonzo, B. S. and Belmain, S. R. (2014) Impact of spatio-temporal simulations of rat damage on yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and implications for rodent pest management. International Journal of Pest Management, 60 (4). pp. 269-274. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2014.967326)

crop yields

Seal, Susan, Sangare, A. and Makinde, M. (2008) Crop biotechnology and biosafety. SCARDA Briefing Papers Strengthening Capacity for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Accra, pp. 24-32. ISBN 978-9988-1-1063-4

crop-loss assessment

Jago, N.D. (1993) Millet crop-loss assessment methods (NRI Bulletin 62). [Working Paper]

cropping systems

Rodenburg, J. and Johnson, D. E. (2009) Weed management in rice‐based cropping systems in Africa. Advances in Agronomy, 103. pp. 149-218. ISSN 0065-2113 (doi:10.1016/s0065-2113(09)03004-1)

crops

Schippers, R. R. (2000) African indigenous vegetables: An overview of the cultivated species. Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545156

croton (Codiaeum variegatum L

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

croton leaf curl virus (CrLCuV)

Mahesh, Y.S., Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Prameela, H.A., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Divya, B.L., Nagesha, N. and Maruthi, M.N. (2010) Detection and characterisation of a begomovirus associated with leaf curl disease of ornamental croton (Codiaeum variegatum). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85 (2). pp. 101-105. ISSN 1462 0316

crustaceans

Iles, Malcolm (1988) Western European markets for edible fish products; prospects for developing country exports (ODNRI Bulletin No. 11). [Working Paper]

Cry1B/Cry1C

Kaliaperumal, R., Russell, D.A., Gujar, G.T., Behere, G., Dutt, S., Krishna, G.K., Mordhorst, A. and Grzywacz, D. (2011) The efficacy and sustainability of the CIMBAA transgenic Cry1B/Cry1C Bt cabbage and cauliflower plants for control of lepidopteran pests. In: Proceedings of the Sixth international workshop on management of the Diamond back moth and other crucifer insect pests. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Centre, Nakhon Pathom, Taiwan, pp. 305-311. ISBN 9290581905

cryptic species

Bastos, Armanda D., Nair, Deenadayalan, Taylor, Peter J., Brettschneider, Helene, Kirsten, Frikkie, Mostert, Elmarie, von Maltitz, Emil, Lamb, Jennifer M., van Hooft, Pim, Belmain, Steven R., Contrafatto, Giancarlo, Downs, Sarah and Chimimba, Christian T. (2011) Genetic monitoring detects an overlooked cryptic species and reveals the diversity and distribution of three invasive Rattus congeners in South Africa. BMC Genetics, 12:26. ISSN 1471-2156 (doi:10.1186/1471-2156-12-26)

cryptotermes

Bacchus, S. (1987) TDRI Tropical Pest Bulletin 7: A taxonomic and biometric study of the genus Cryptotermes (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). Technical Report. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK.

cucurbits

Muniyappa, V., Maruthi, M.N., Babitha, C.R., Colvin, J., Briddon, R.W. and Rangaswamy, K.T. (2003) Characterisation of pumpkin yellow vein mosaic virus from India. Annals of Applied Biology, Volume (3). pp. 323-331. ISSN 0003-4746 (doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00257.x)

Culex modestus

Medlock, Jolyon M., Vaux, Alexander G.C., Gibson, Gabriella, Hawkes, Frances M. and Cheke, Robert A. (2014) Potential vector for West Nile virus prevalent in Kent. Veterinary Record, 175 (11). pp. 284-285. ISSN 0042-4900 (Print), 2042-7670 (Online) (doi:10.1136/vr.g5679)

Vaux, A.G.C., Gibson, Gabriella, Hernandez-Triana, L.M., Cheke, Robert, McCracken, F., Jeffries, C.L., Horton, D.L., Springate, Simon, Johnson, N., Fooks, A.R., Leach, S. and Medlock, J.M. (2015) Enhanced West Nile virus surveillance in the North Kent marshes, UK. Parasites & Vectors, 8 (91). ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-015-0705-9)

Culex mosquitoes

Warren, Ben, Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2009) Sex recognition through midflight mating duets in Culex mosquitoes is mediated by acoustic distortion. Current Biology, 19 (6). pp. 485-491. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.01.059)

Culex quinquefasciatus

Simões, P. M. V., Ingham, R., Gibson, G. and Russell, I. J. (2018) Masking of an auditory behaviour reveals how male mosquitoes use distortion to detect females. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285 (1871):20171862. ISSN 0962-8452 (Print), 1471-2954 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.1862)

Simões, Patrício M.V., Ingham, Robert A., Gibson, Gabriella and Russell, Ian J. (2016) A role for acoustic distortion in novel rapid frequency modulation behaviour in free-flying male mosquitoes. Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (13). pp. 2039-2047. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.135293)

Culicidae

Vaux, A.G.C., Gibson, Gabriella, Hernandez-Triana, L.M., Cheke, Robert, McCracken, F., Jeffries, C.L., Horton, D.L., Springate, Simon, Johnson, N., Fooks, A.R., Leach, S. and Medlock, J.M. (2015) Enhanced West Nile virus surveillance in the North Kent marshes, UK. Parasites & Vectors, 8 (91). ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/s13071-015-0705-9)

Culicoides

Carpenter, S., Mellor, P.S. and Torr, S.J. (2008) Control techniques for Culicoides biting midges and their application in the U.K. and northwestern Palaearctic. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (3). pp. 175-187. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00743.x)

Sanders, C.J., Selby, R., Carpenter, S. and Reynolds, D.R. (2011) High-altitude flight of Culicoides biting midges. Veterinary Record, 169 (8). p. 208. ISSN 0042-4900 (Print), 2042-7670 (Online) (doi:10.1136/vr.d4245)

cultivar

Van Oirschot, Quirien Elfrida Antoinette, Rees, Deborah, Aked, Julia and Kihurani, Agnes (2002) Sweet potato cultivars differ in efficiency of wound healing. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

cultivars

Macfadyen, Sarina, Paull, Cate, Boykin, Laura M., De Barro, Paul, Maruthi, M. N., Ghosh, Saptarshi, Otim, Michael, Kalyebi, Andrew, Vassão, Daniel G., Sseruwagi, Peter, Tay, Wee Tek, Delatte, Helen, Seguni, Zuberi, Colvin, John and Omongo, Christopher Abu (2018) Cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in sub-Saharan African farming landscapes: a review of the factors determining abundance. Bulletin of Entomological Research. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1017/S0007485318000032)

Nhamo, Nhamo, Rodenburg, Jonne, Zenna, Negussie, Makombe, Godswill and Luzi-Kihupi, Ashura (2014) Narrowing the rice yield gap in East and Southern Africa: Using and adapting existing technologies. Agricultural Systems, 131. pp. 45-55. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.08.003)

Rodenburg, Jonne and Bastiaans, Lammert (2011) Host-plant defence against Striga spp.: reconsidering the role of tolerance. Weed Research, 51 (5). pp. 438-441. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2011.00871.x)

cultivation

Lenné, Jillian M. (1991) Diseases and pests of sweet potato: south-east Asia, the Pacific and East Africa (NRI Bulletin No. 46). [Working Paper]

Schippers, R. R. (2000) African indigenous vegetables: An overview of the cultivated species. Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545156

cultural control

Tang, Sanyi, Xiao, Yanni and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Dynamical analysis of plant disease models with cultural control strategies and economic thresholds. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 80 (5). pp. 894-921. ISSN 0378-4754 (doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2009.10.004)

cultured fish

Twiddy, D. R. (1995) Report on a visit to CIFT, Cochin, India to provide training and guidance in studying microbiological problems in cultured fish/seafoods - 13 February - 11 March 1995. [Working Paper]

culturing

Armes, N. J., Bond, G. S. and Cooter, R. J. (1992) The laboratory culture and development of Helicoverpa Armigera. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (57) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543250 ISSN 0952-8245

Cumulative effect

Wang, Xia, Xu, Zihui, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2017) Cumulative effects of incorrect use of pesticides can lead to catastrophic outbreaks of pests. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 100. pp. 7-19. ISSN 0960-0779 (doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2017.04.030)

curing

Van Oirschot, Quirien Elfrida Antoinette, Rees, Deborah, Aked, Julia and Kihurani, Agnes (2002) Sweet potato cultivars differ in efficiency of wound healing. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

cutworm

Odiyo, P. Onyango (1975) Seasonal distribution and migrations of Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Tropical Pest Bulletin (4). Centre for Overseas Pest Research (COPR), London, UK. ISBN 0851350704

Stevenson, Philip C., Dhillon, M.K., Sharma, H.C. and El Bouhssini, Mustapha (2007) Insect pests of lentil and their management. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 331-348. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_20 for chapter))

Cyclin D3

Collins, Carl, Maruthi, M N and Jahn, Courtney E. (2015) CYCD3 D-type cyclins regulate cambial cell proliferation and secondary growth inArabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66 (15). pp. 4595-4606. ISSN 0022-0957 (Print), 1460-2431 (Online) (doi:10.1093/jxb/erv218)

cyclohexane epoxides

Stevenson, Philip C., Veitch, Nigel C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2007) Polyoxygenated cyclohexane derivatives and other constituents from Kaempferia rotunda L. Phytochemistry, 68 (11). pp. 1579-1586. ISSN 0031-9422 (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.015)

Cylas

Anyanga, Milton O., Yada, Benard, Yencho, G. C., Ssemakula, Gorrettie N., Alajo, Agnes, Farman, Dudley I., Mwanga, Robert O. M. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Segregation of hydroxycinnamic acid esters mediating sweetpotato weevil resistance in storage roots of sweetpotato. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8:1011. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1664-462X (Online) (doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.01011)

cylas brunneus

Muyinza, Harriet, Talwana, Herbert L., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Sweetpotato weevil (Cylas spp.) resistance in African sweetpotato germplasm. International Journal of Pest Management, 58 (1). pp. 73-81. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2012.655701)

Stevenson, Philip C., Muyinza, Harriet, Hall, David R., Porter, Elaine A., Farman, Dudley I., Talwana, Herbert and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Chemical basis for resistance in sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas to the sweetpotato weevil Cylas puncticollis. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81 (1). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0033-4545 (Print), 1365-3075 (Online) (doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-08-02-10)

cylas puncticollis

Muyinza, Harriet, Talwana, Herbert L., Mwanga, Robert O.M. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Sweetpotato weevil (Cylas spp.) resistance in African sweetpotato germplasm. International Journal of Pest Management, 58 (1). pp. 73-81. ISSN 0967-0874 (Print), 1366-5863 (Online) (doi:10.1080/09670874.2012.655701)

Cylas puncticollis Boheman

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Mwanga, Robert O.M., Talwana, Herbert, Murumu, J. and Odongo, B. (2007) The relationship between stem base and root damage by Cylas spp. on sweetpotato. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8. pp. 955-957. ISSN 1023-070X

Muyinza, Harriet, Stevenson, Philip C., Talwana, Herbert, Hall, David, Farman, Dudley I. and Mwanga, Robert O.M. (2009) Root chemicals could offer opportunities for breeding for sweet potato resistance to the weevil cylas puncticollis boheman (coleoptera: apionidae). In: Midiwo, Jacob and Clough, John, (eds.) Aspects of African Biodiversity. Proceedings of the Pan Africa Chemistry Network Biodiversity Conference, Nairobi, 10-12 September 2008. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK, pp. 49-57. ISBN 9781847559487 (Print) 9781847559647 (online) (doi:10.1039/9781847559647-00049)

cynanchum

Green, Paul W.C., Veitch, Nigel C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Simmonds, Monique S.J. (2011) Cardenolides isolated from Gomphocarpus sinaicus and Pergularia tomentosa (Asclepiadaceae) deter the feeding of a generalist caterpillar, Spodoptera littoralis. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 5 (3). pp. 219-225. ISSN 1872-8855 (Print), 1872-8847 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11829-011-9131-x)

Cypermethrin

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

Cyperus difformis

Rodenburg, Jonne, Demont, Matty, Sow, Abdoulaye and Dieng, Ibnou (2014) Bird, weed and interaction effects on yield of irrigated lowland rice. Crop Protection, 66. pp. 46-52. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2014.08.015)

Cyprus

Chittenden, A. E., Flaws, L. J. and Hawkes, A. J. (1970) Particle boards from Cyprus-grown trees. Technical Report. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK.

cytochrome b

Bastos, Armanda D., Nair, Deenadayalan, Taylor, Peter J., Brettschneider, Helene, Kirsten, Frikkie, Mostert, Elmarie, von Maltitz, Emil, Lamb, Jennifer M., van Hooft, Pim, Belmain, Steven R., Contrafatto, Giancarlo, Downs, Sarah and Chimimba, Christian T. (2011) Genetic monitoring detects an overlooked cryptic species and reveals the diversity and distribution of three invasive Rattus congeners in South Africa. BMC Genetics, 12:26. ISSN 1471-2156 (doi:10.1186/1471-2156-12-26)

Cytochrome oxidase

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Mirza, S.H., Alam, S.N. and Colvin, John (2007) PCR-based detection and partial genome sequencing indicate high genetic diversity in Bangladeshi begomoviruses and their whitefly vector, Bemisia tabaci. Virus Genes, 34 (3). pp. 373-385. ISSN 0920-8569 (doi:10.1007/s11262-006-0027-2)

cytochrome oxidase I gene

Maruthi, M.N., Navaneethan, S., Colvin, John and Hillocks, Rory J. (2004) Bionomics, morphometrics and molecular characterization of a cassava Bemisia afer (Priesner & Hosny) population. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 24 (4). pp. 323-329. ISSN 1742-7584 EISSN: 1742-7592 (doi:10.1079/IJT200438)

Rekha, A.R., Maruthi, M.N., Muniyappa, V. and Colvin, J. (2005) Occurrence of three genotypic clusters of Bemisia tabaci and the rapid spread of the B biotype in south India. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 117 (3). pp. 221-233. ISSN 0013-8703 (doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.2005.00352.x)

Shankarappa, K.S., Rangaswamy, K.T., Aswathanarayana, D.S., Rekha, A.R., Raghavendra, N., Lakshminarayana Reddy, C.N., Chancellor, Tim and Maruthi, M.N. (2007) Development of silverleaf assay, protein and nucleic acid-based diagnostic techniques for the quick and reliable detection and monitoring of biotype B of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97 (5). pp. 503-513. ISSN 0007-4853 (doi:10.1017/S0007485307005251)

cytochromoe oxidase I gene

Maruthi, M.N., Rekha, A.R., Sseruwagi, P. and Hillocks, Rory (2007) Mitochondrial DNA variability and development of a PCR diagnostic test for populations of the whitefly Bemisia afer (Priesner and Hosny). Molecular Biotechnology, 35 (1). pp. 31-40. ISSN 1073-6085 (doi:10.1385/MB:35:1:31)

cytogenetics

Ruperao, Pradeep, Chan, Chon-Kit Kenneth, Azam, Sarwar, Karafiátová, Miroslava, Hayashi, Satomi, Čížková, Jana, Saxena, Rachit K., Šimková, Hana, Song, Chi, Vrána, Jan, Chitikineni, Annapurna, Visendi, Paul, Gaur, Pooran M., Millán, Teresa, Singh, Karam B., Taran, Bunyamin, Wang, Jun, Batley, Jacqueline, Doležel, Jaroslav, Varshney, Rajeev K. and Edwards, David (2014) A chromosomal genomics approach to assess and validate the desi and kabuli draft chickpea genome assemblies. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 12 (6). pp. 778-786. ISSN 1467-7644 (Print), 1467-7652 (Online) (doi:10.1111/pbi.12182)

cytokinins

Else, Mark A., Janowiak, Franciszek, Atkinson, Christopher J. and Jackson, Michael B. (2009) Root signals and stomatal closure in relation to photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence and adventitious rooting of flooded tomato plants. Annals of Botany, 103 (2). pp. 313-323. ISSN 0305-7364 (Print), 1095-8290 (Online) (doi:10.1093/aob/mcn208)

Cytospecies distribution

Post, Rory J., Cheke, Robert A., Boakye, Daniel A., Wilson, Michael D., Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y., Tetteh-Kumah, Anthony, Lamberton, Poppy H.L., Crainey, J. Lee, Yameogo, Laurent and Basanez, María-Gloria (2013) Stability and change in the distribution of cytospecies of the Simulium damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) in southern Ghana from 1971 to 2011. Parasites & Vectors, 6 (205). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1756-3305 (Print), 1756-3305 (Online) (doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-205)

cytotoxic activity

Sánchez-Medina, Alberto, Stevenson, Philip C., Habtemariam, Solomon, Peña-Rodríguez, Luis M., Corcoran, Olivia, Mallet, Anthony I. and Veitch, Nigel C. (2009) Triterpenoid saponins from a cytotoxic root extract of Sideroxylon foetidissimum subsp. gaumeri. Phytochemistry, 70 (6). pp. 765-772. ISSN 0031-9422 (doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.03.014)

Czech

Davis, Junior and Pearce, Douglas (2000) The rural non-farm economy in Central and Eastern Europe. Discussion Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

damage

Van Oirschot, Quirien Elfrida Antoinette, Rees, Deborah, Aked, Julia and Kihurani, Agnes (2002) Sweet potato cultivars differ in efficiency of wound healing. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

damage threshold

Cross, Jerry V., Baroffio, Catherine, Grassi, Alberto, Hall, David R., Labanowska, Barbara, Milenkovic, Slobodan, Nilsson, Thilda, Shternshis, Margarita, Torneus, Christer, Trandem, Nina and Vetek, Gábor (2008) Monitoring raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi, with sex pheromone traps: results from 2006. In: Linder, C.H. and Cross, Jerry V., (eds.) Working Group “Integrated Plant Protection in Fruit Crops”, Sub Group “Soft Fruits”. Proceedings of the “Workshop on Integrated Soft Fruit Production” at East Malling (UK), 24-27 September, 2007. International Organisation for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, Darmstadt, pp. 11-17. ISBN 9789290672135

damnosum

Mustapha, M., McCall, P.J., Cheke, Robert A. and Post, R.J. (2006) The blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Bioko (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) and the Gulf of Guinea with a description of the larvae of the 'Pomeroy' form of Simulium cervicornutum. Systematic Entomology, 31 (4). pp. 611-620. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00330.x)

Dar es Salaam

Ndunguru, G.T., Modaha, F., Bancroft, R.D., Mashamba, F., Digges, P.D., Kleih, U. and Westby, A. (1995) The use of needs assessment methodologies to focus technical interventions in root and tuber crop post-harvest systems: a case study to improve the marketing and post-harvest handling of cassava entering Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In: International Society of Tropical Root Crops - Africa Branch Meeting, 23-27 Oct 1995, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Dasineura gleditchiae

Molnár, Béla, Kárpáti, Zsolt, Szőcs, Gábor and Hall, David R. (2009) Identification of female-produced sex pheromone of the honey locust gall midge, Dasineura gleditchiae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (6). pp. 706-714. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9641-5)

database

Arnold, Sarah E.J., Faruq, Samia, Savolainen, Vincent, McOwan, Peter W. and Chittka, Lars (2010) FReD: the Floral Reflectance Database - a web portal for analyses of flower colour. PLoS ONE, 5 (12). e14287. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014287)

Visendi, Paul, Ng'ang'a, Wanjiku, Bulimo, Wallace, Bishop, Richard, Ochanda, James and de Villiers, Etienne P. (2011) TparvaDB: a database to support Theileria parva vaccine development. Database, 2011. bar015-bar015. ISSN 1758-0463 (Online) (doi:10.1093/database/bar015)

DDT

Douthwaite, R. J. and Tingle, C. C. D. (eds.) (1994) DDT in the tropics: The impact on wildlife in Zimbabwe of ground spraying for Tsetse fly control. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859543641

death

Pennetier, Cédric, Warren, Ben, Dabiré, K. Roch, Russell, Ian J. and Gibson, Gabriella (2009) "Singing on the wing" as a mechanism for species recognition in the malarial mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Current Biology, 20 (2). pp. 131-136. ISSN 0960-9822 (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.11.040)

death-watch beetle

Belmain, Steven, Simmonds, Monique and Ridout, Brian (2000) The death-watch beetle - accommodated in all the best places. Pesticide Outlook, 11 (6). pp. 233-237. ISSN 0956-1250 (Print), 1465-8933 (Online) (doi:10.1039/B009270N)

deathwatch beetle

Belmain, S. R., Simmonds, M. S. J. and Blaney, W. M. (1999) Deathwatch beetle, Xestobium rufovillosum, in historical buildings: monitoring the pest and its predators. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 93 (1). pp. 97-104. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1999.00566.x)

Belmain, S.R., Blaney, W.M. and Simmonds, M.S.J. (1998) Host selection behaviour of deathwatch beetle, Xestobium rufovillosum: Oviposition preference choice assays testing old vs new oak timber, Quercus sp. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 89 (2). pp. 193-199. ISSN 0013-8703 (Print), 1570-7458 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1998.00399.x)

deathwatch beetle Xestobium rufovillosum Anobiidae selection behavior photo-response behavior

Belmain, Steven R., Simmonds, Monique S. J. and Blaney, Walter M. (2000) Behavioral Responses of Adult Deathwatch Beetles, Xestobium rufovillosum de Geer (Coleoptera: Anobiidae), to Light and Dark. Journal of Insect Behavior, 13 (1). pp. 15-26. ISSN 0892-7553 (Print), 1572-8889 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1007707407939)

Deathwatch beetle Xestobium rufovillosum Coleoptera Anobiidae Quercus sp. host selection behaviour chemo-orientation behaviour oviposition timber pest wood-decaying fungi Donkioporia expansa

Belmain, Steven R., Simmonds, Monique S. J. and Blaney, Wally M. (2002) Influence of Odor from Wood-Decaying Fungi on Host Selection Behavior of Deathwatch Beetle, Xestobium rufovillosum. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 28 (4). pp. 741-754. ISSN 0098-0331 (Print), 1573-1561 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1015284625697)

Decarbonisation

Walsh, Conor, Mander, Sarah and Larkin, Alice (2017) Charting a low carbon future for shipping: A UK perspective. Marine Policy, 82. pp. 32-40. ISSN 0308-597X (Print), 1872-9460 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.04.019)

Defense

Scott-Brown, Alison S., Gregory, Tom, Farrell, Iain W. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2016) Leaf trichomes and foliar chemistry mediate defence against glasshouse thrips; Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché) in Rhododendron simsii. Functional Plant Biology, 43 (12). pp. 1170-1182. ISSN 1445-4408 (Print), 1445-4416 (Online) (doi:10.1071/FP16045)

deficiency

Hillocks, R.J. (2011) Farming for balanced nutrition: an agricultural approach to adressing micronutrient deficiency among the vulnerable poor in Africa. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 11 (2). pp. 4688-4707. ISSN 1684-5374

Degraded land and soils

Atkinson, Chris (2017) Using biomass waste in the remediation of degraded Land. In: NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries, 15-17 February 2017, Dehli, India.

deguelin

Belmain, Steven R., Amoah, Barbara A., Nyirenda, Stephen P., Kamanula, John F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2012) Highly variable insect control efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii chemotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (40). pp. 10055-10063. ISSN 0021-8561 (Print), 1520-5118 (Online) (doi:10.1021/jf3032217)

delay

Liu, Zhijun, Wu, Jianhua and Cheke, Robert A. (2010) Coexistence and partial extinction in a delay competitive system subject to impulsive harvesting and stocking. IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, 75 (5). pp. 777-795. ISSN 0272-4960 (Print), 1464-3634 (Online) (doi:10.1093/imamat/hxq033)

delayed response to pesticide application

Liang, Juhua, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert A. (2012) An integrated pest management model with delayed responses to pesticide applications and its threshold dynamics. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 13 (5). pp. 2352-2374. ISSN 1468-1218 (doi:10.1016/j.nonrwa.2012.02.003)

deltamethrin

Allsopp, R. (1991) Aerial spraying research and development project. Final report - volume 1. Technical report and accounts. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 085954320X

Allsopp, R. (1990) Aerial spraying research and development project. Final report - volume 2. A practical guide to aerial spraying for the control of tsetse flies (Glossina spp.). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 089542874

Kranthi, K.R., Davis, M., Mayee, C.D., Russell, D.A., Shukla, R.M., Satija, U., Kshirsagar, M., Shiware, D. and Kranthi, S. (2009) Development of a colloidal-gold based lateral-flow immunoassay kit for ‘quality-control’ assessment of pyrethroid and endosulfan formulations in a novel single strip format. Crop Protection, 28 (5). pp. 428-434. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.01.003)

Torr, S.J., Maudlin, I. and Vale, G.A. (2007) Less is more: restricted application of insecticide to cattle to improve the cost and efficacy of tsetse control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 21 (1). pp. 53-64. ISSN 0269-283X (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2006.00657.x)

Democratic Republic of Congo

Stenseth, Nils Chr., Atshabar, Bakyt B., Begon, Mike, Belmain, Steven R., Bertherat, Eric, Carniel, Elisabeth, Gage, Kenneth L., Leirs, Herwig and Rahalison, Lila (2008) Plague: past, present and future. PLOS Medicine, 5 (1). e3. ISSN 1549-1676 (doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050003)

Demonax balyi

Hall, David R., Cork, Alan, Phythian, Sara J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G. and Naidu, R. (2006) Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32 (1). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0098-0331 (doi:10.1007/s10886-006-9360-0)

Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)

Turaki, Aliyu A., Bömer, Moritz, Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2017) PCR-DGGE analysis: Unravelling complex mixtures of badnavirus sequences present in yam germplasm. Viruses, 9 (7). p. 181. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v9070181)

Dengue disease

Zhang, Xianghong, Tang, Sanyi, Liu, Qiyong, Cheke, Robert A. and Zhu, Huaiping (2018) Models to assess the effects of non-identical sex ratio augmentations of Wolbachia-carrying mosquitoes on the control of dengue disease. Mathematical Biosciences. ISSN 0025-5564 (In Press) (doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2018.03.003)

density

Palmer, E. R. and Ganguli, S. (1982) Pulping characteristics of Pinus caribaea grown in Sri Lanka. Tropical Products Insittute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541509

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1978) Pulping characteristics of Dicymbe altsoni from Guyana. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540898

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1984) Pulping characteristics of Eucalyptus saligna/grandis growing in Uganda. Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK. ISBN 0859541894

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1976) Pulping characteristics of Pinus oocarpa grown on Mountain Pine Ridge, Belize. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 085954057X

Palmer, E. R. and Gibbs, J. A. (1973) Pulping characteristics of three trees of Pinus caribaea with different densities grown in Jamaica. Tropical Products Institute (TPI), London, UK. ISBN 0859540065

density dependence

Rodenburg, Jonne, Bastiaans, L., Kropff, M.J. and van Ast, A. (2006) Effects of host plant genotype and seedbank density on Striga reproduction. Weed Research, 46 (3). pp. 251-263. ISSN 0043-1737 (Print), 1365-3180 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2006.00506.x)

desert

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1981) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 1 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

Pedgley, D. (ed.) (1980) Desert locust forecasting manual (Volume 2 of 2). Centre for Overseas Pest Research, London, UK. ISBN 0-85135-121-2

desert locust

Cheke, Robert A. and Tratalos, Jamie A. (2007) Migration, patchiness and population processes illustrated by two migrant pests. BiosScience, 57 (2). pp. 145-154. ISSN 0006-3568 (doi:10.1641/B570209)

Ritchie, J. M. and Dobson, H. (1995) Desert locust control operations and their environmental impacts. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859544179 ISSN 0952-8245

Detection

Silva, G., Lecourt, J., Clover, G.R.G. and Seal, S. E. (2017) First report of Grapevine fanleaf virus infecting grapevine in the United Kingdom. New Disease Reports, 36 (9). ISSN 2044-0588 (Online) (doi:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2017.036.009)

Turaki, Aliyu A., Bömer, Moritz, Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2017) PCR-DGGE analysis: Unravelling complex mixtures of badnavirus sequences present in yam germplasm. Viruses, 9 (7). p. 181. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v9070181)

Detector

Álvarez, Gonzalo, Ammagarahalli, Byrappa, Hall, David, Pajares, Juan A. and Gemeno, César (2015) Smoke, pheromone and kairomone olfactory receptor neurons in males and females of the pine sawyer Monochamus galloprovincialis (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Journal of Insect Physiology, 82. pp. 46-55. ISSN 0022-1910 (Print), 1879-1611 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.08.004)

deterrence threshold

Tiedeken, Erin Jo, Stout, Jane C., Stevenson, Philip C. and Wright, Geraldine A. (2014) Bumblebees are not deterred by ecologically relevant concentrations of nectar toxins. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 217 (9). pp. 1620-1625. ISSN 0022-0949 (Print), 1477-9145 (Online) (doi:10.1242/jeb.097543)

developing countries

Cox, J., Halliday, D. and Kilminster, K. (1990) A guide to the establishment and maintenance of pesticide laboratories in developing countries (NRI Bulletin No. 28). [Working Paper]

Grzywacz, David, Moore, David and Rabindra, R.J. (2013) Mass production of entomopathogens in less industrialized countries. In: Morales-Ramos, Juan A., Guadalupe Rojas, M. and Shapiro-Ilan, David I., (eds.) Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Academic Press / Elsevier Inc., London, UK, pp. 519-561. ISBN 9780123914538 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00015-7)

Hawkes, A. J. and Cox, D. R. S. (1992) A small-scale process for manufacturing woodwool/cement slabs in developing countries. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (49) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham MAritime, Kent. ISBN 0859543307 ISSN 0952-8245

development

Grant, Ian F. and Tingle, Colin C. D., (eds.) (2002) Ecological monitoring methods for the assessment of pesticide impacts in the tropics. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545431

Armes, N. J., Bond, G. S. and Cooter, R. J. (1992) The laboratory culture and development of Helicoverpa Armigera. Natural Resources Institute Bulletin Series (57) . Natural Resources Institute, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK. ISBN 0859543250 ISSN 0952-8245

Brinn, Peter, Dorward, Andrew, Hilhorst, Thea, Keely, James, Scoones, Ian, Sutherland, Alistair and Toulmin, Camilla (1999) Soil fertility management and sustainable livelihoods: New approaches to the policy process (Part 1: Country reports). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Burnett, Duncan, Farrell, Graham and Kiiru, Mary (2002) Strategies for the development of a competitive pyrethrum-based pesticide sector in Kenya. Final report (NRI report no. 2695). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Gordon, A. and King, D. (1991) Report on a visit to Mozambique. Working Paper. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ritchie, J. M. (ed.) (2000) Integrated crop management research in Malawi: developing technologies with farmers. Proceedings of the final project workshop, Club Makokola, Mangochi, Malawi, 29 November - 3 December 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0859545199

Ritchie, J. Mark and Muyaso, Felix (2000) Farming systems integrated pest management project: Selected reports 1996 - 2000 (Volume 1 of 3: Farming systems research). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ritchie, J. Mark and Muyaso, Felix (2000) Farming systems integrated pest management project: Selected reports 1996 - 2000 (Volume 2 of 3: Farming systems research continued). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Ritchie, J. Mark and Muyaso, Felix (2000) Farming systems integrated pest management project: Selected reports 1996 - 2000 (Volume 3 of 3: Farmer participation in development of IPM strategies). Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2013) Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review. Crop Protection, 56. pp. 98-108. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2013.11.017)

Twiddy, D. R. (1995) Report on a visit to CIFT, Cochin, India to provide training and guidance in studying microbiological problems in cultured fish/seafoods - 13 February - 11 March 1995. [Working Paper]

Wopereis, Marco C.S., Diagne, Aliou, Rodenburg, Jonne, Sié, Moussa and Somado, Eklou A. (2008) Why NERICA is a successful innovation for African farmers. Outlook on Agriculture, 37 (3). pp. 169-176. ISSN 0030-7270 (Print), 2043-6866 (Online) (doi:10.5367/000000008785915502)

Wright, Mark (1996) Researchable constraints in the seed sector in developing countries. Technical Report. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.

development rates

Cheke, R.A. (2012) The thermal constant of the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. in West Africa. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 26 (2). pp. 236-238. ISSN 1365-2915 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00980.x)

Development uptake

Bailey, Rob, Willoughby, Robin and Grzywacz, David (2014) On trial: agricultural biotechnology in Africa. [Working Paper]

dhal

Yadav, Shyam S., Stevenson, Philip C., Rizvi, A.H., Manohar, M., Gailing, S. and Mateljan, G. (2007) Uses and consumption. In: Yadav, Shyam S., McNeil, David and Stevenson, Philip C., (eds.) The Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 33-46. ISBN 978-1-4020-6312-1 (Print) 978-1-4020-6313-8 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8 (10.1007/978-1-4020-6313-8_4 for chapter))

Diabetes

Yang, Jin, Tang, Sanyi and Cheke, Robert (2016) The regulatory system for diabetes mellitus: Modeling rates of glucose infusions and insulin injections. Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, 37. pp. 305-325. ISSN 1007-5704 (Print), 1878-7274 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.cnsns.2016.02.001)

diagnosis

Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023)

Bousalem, Mustapha, Durand, O., Scarcelli, N., Lebas, B.S.M., Kenyon, L., Marchand, J.-L., Lefort, F. and Seal, S.E. (2009) Dilemmas caused by endogenous pararetroviruses regarding the taxonomy and diagnosis of yam (Dioscorea spp.) badnaviruses: Analyses to support safe germplasm movement. Archives of Virology, 154 (2). pp. 297-314. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-009-0311-2)

Silva, Gonçalo, Bömer, Moritz, Nkere, Chukwuemeka, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2015) Rapid and specific detection of Yam mosaic virus by reverse-transcription recombinase polymerase amplification. Journal of Virological Methods, 222. pp. 138-144. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2015.06.011)

Diagnostic

van Brunschot, S.L., Bergervoet, J.H.W., Pagendam, D.E., de Weerdt, M., Geering, A.D.W., Drenth, A. and van der Vlugt, R.A.A. (2014) A bead-based suspension array for the multiplexed detection of begomoviruses and their whitefly vectors. Journal of Virological Methods, 198. pp. 86-94. ISSN 0166-0934 (Print), 1879-0984 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2013.12.014)

diagnostic assay

Nkere, Chukwuemeka K., Oyekanmi, Joshua O., Silva, Gonçalo, Bömer, Moritz, Atiri, Gabriel I., Onyeka, Joseph, Maroya, Norbert G., Seal, Susan E. and Kumar, P. Lava (2018) Chromogenic detection of yam mosaic virus by closed-tube reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP). Archives of Virology. ISSN 0304-8608 (Print), 1432-8798 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00705-018-3706-0)

Diagnostic studies

Schut, Marc, Rodenburg, Jonne, Klerkx, Laurens, Kayeke, Juma, van Ast, Aad and Bastiaans, Lammert (2014) RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (Part II). Integrated analysis of parasitic weed problems in rice in Tanzania. Agricultural Systems, 132. pp. 12-24. ISSN 0308-521X (doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.09.004)

Diagnostic Test

van Brunschot, Sharon L., Bergervoet, Jan H. W., Pagendam, Daniel E., de Weerdt, Marjanne, Geering, Andrew D. W., Drenth, André and van der Vlugt, René A. A. (2014) Development of a multiplexed bead-based suspension array for the detection and discrimination of Pospiviroid plant pathogens. PLoS ONE, 9 (1):e84743. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084743)

Diagnostics

Bömer, Moritz, Turaki, Aliyu, Rathnayake, Ajith, Silva, Goncalo, Lava Kumar, P. and Seal, Susan (2018) Rolling circle amplification to screen yam germplasm for badnavirus infections and to amplify and characterise novel badnavirus genomes. Bio-protocol, 8 (1). ISSN 2331-8325 (Online) (doi:10.21769/BioProtoc.2672)

Bömer, Moritz, Turaki, Aliyu A., Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2016) A sequence-independent strategy for amplification and characterisation of episomal badnavirus sequences reveals three previously uncharacterised yam badnaviruses. Viruses, 8:188. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v8070188)

Diamondback moth

Grzywacz, D., Rossbach, A., Rauf, A., Russell, D.A., Srinivasan, R. and Shelton, A.M. (2009) Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa. Crop Protection, 29 (1). pp. 68-79. ISSN 0261-2194 (doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009)

Kaliaperumal, R., Russell, D.A., Gujar, G.T., Behere, G., Dutt, S., Krishna, G.K., Mordhorst, A. and Grzywacz, D. (2011) The efficacy and sustainability of the CIMBAA transgenic Cry1B/Cry1C Bt cabbage and cauliflower plants for control of lepidopteran pests. In: Proceedings of the Sixth international workshop on management of the Diamond back moth and other crucifer insect pests. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Centre, Nakhon Pathom, Taiwan, pp. 305-311. ISBN 9290581905

Diaphorina citri

Jing, Xiangfeng, Wong, Adam C-N, Chaston, John M., Colvin, John, McKenzie, Cindy L. and Douglas, Angela E. (2014) The bacterial communities in plant phloem-sap-feeding insects. Molecular Ecology, 23 (6). pp. 1433-1444. ISSN 0962-1083 (Print), 1365-294X (Online) (doi:10.1111/mec.12637)

Dicymbe altsoni

Palmer, E. R. and