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Nursing stress and patient care: real-time investigation of the effect of nursing tasks and demands on psychological stress, physiological stress, and job performance: study protocol

Nursing stress and patient care: real-time investigation of the effect of nursing tasks and demands on psychological stress, physiological stress, and job performance: study protocol

Farquharson, Barbara, Bell, Cheryl, Johnston, Derek, Jones, Martyn, Schofield, Pat, Allan, Julia, Ricketts, Ian, Morrison, Kenny and Johnston, Marie (2013) Nursing stress and patient care: real-time investigation of the effect of nursing tasks and demands on psychological stress, physiological stress, and job performance: study protocol. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69 (10). pp. 2327-2335. ISSN 0309-2402 (Print), 1365-2648 (Online) (doi:10.1111/jan.12090)

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Abstract

Aim. To examine the effects of nursing tasks (including their physiological and psychological demands, and the moderating effects of reward and control) on distress and job performance in real time.

Background. Nurses working in hospital settings report high levels of occupational stress. Stress in nurses has been linked to reduced physical and psychological health, reduced job satisfaction, increased sickness absence, increased staff turnover, and poorer job performance. In this study, we will investigate theoretical models of stress and use multiple methods, including realtime data collection, to assess the relationship between stress and differentnursing tasks in general medical and surgical ward nurses.

Design. A real-time, repeated measures design.

Methods. During 2011/2012, 100 nurses from a large general teaching hospital in Scotland will: (a) complete self-reports of mood; (b) have their heart rate and activity monitored over two shifts to obtain physiological indices of stress and energy expenditure; (c) provide perceptions of the determinants of stress in complex ward environments; and (d) describe their main activities. All measures will be taken repeatedly in real time over two working shifts.

Discussion. Data obtained in this study will be analysed to examine the relationships between nursing tasks, self-reported and physiological measures of stress and to assess the effect of occupational stress on multiple work outcomes. The results will inform theoretical understanding of nurse stress and its determinants and suggest possible targets for intervention to reduce stress and associated harmful consequences.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: acute care, demand/control, ecological momentary assessment, effort/ reward, energy expenditure, nurses, physiology, protocol, psychology, stress,
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care > Centre for Nursing & Healthcare Research
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:24
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/9801

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