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A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation

A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Westeng, H. (2004) A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 167-180. ISBN 095412166X

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Abstract

This paper concerns a preliminary numerical simulation study of the evacuation of the World Trade Centre North Tower on 11 September 2001 using the buildingEXODUS evacuation simulation software. The analysis makes use of response time data derived from a study of survivor accounts appearing in the public domain. While exact geometric details of the building were not available for this study, the building geometry was approximated from descriptions available in the public domain. The study attempts to reproduce the events of 11 September 2001 and pursue several ‘what if’ questions concerning the evacuation. In particular, the study explores the likely outcome had a single staircase survived in tact from top to bottom.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: 1] This paper was first presented at the 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Public Fire Safety - Professionals in Partnership (Human Behaviour in Fire 2004) held from 1-3 September 2004 in Belfast, UK. It was given within the Impact of Major Fire Events section.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 9/11, September 11th, World Trade Centre, fire evacuation, computer simulation, North Tower
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Computer Science
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:02
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/811

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