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Computer modelling of the reliability of flip chips with metal column bumping

Computer modelling of the reliability of flip chips with metal column bumping

Lu, Hua and Bailey, Christopher (2002) Computer modelling of the reliability of flip chips with metal column bumping. In: ITHERM 2002. The Eighth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems [Proceedings]. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., pp. 967-973. ISBN 0780371526 (doi:10.1109/ITHERM.2002.1012561)

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Abstract

Recently, research has been carried out to test a novel bumping method which omits the under bump metallurgy forming process by bonding copper columns directly onto the Al pads of the silicon dies. This bumping method could be adopted to simplify the flip chip manufacturing process, increase the productivity and achieve a higher I/O count. This paper describes an investigation of the solder joint reliability of flip-chips based on this new bumping process. Computer modelling methods are used to predict the shape of solder joints and response of flip chips to thermal cyclic loading. The accumulated plastic strain energy at the comer solder joints is used as the damage indicator. Models with a range of design parameters have been compared for their reliability. The parameters that have been investigated are the copper column height, radius and solder volume. The ranking of the relative importance of these parameters is given. For most of the results presented in the paper, the solder material has been assumed to be the lead-free 96.5Sn3.5Ag alloy but some results for 60Sn40Pb solder joints have also been presented.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: ITHERM 2002. The Eighth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems [Proceedings]
Additional Information: [1] This paper was first presented at the Eighth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, 2002 (ITHERM 2002) held on 1 June 2002.
Uncontrolled Keywords: failure analysis, flip-chip devices, integrated circuit modelling, integrated circuit reliability, plastic deformation, thermal expansion, flip chip, reliability, Cu column, modelling
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Computational Mechanics & Reliability Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Computer Systems Technology
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:01
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/785

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