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Safer by design: simulating fire and escape at sea

Safer by design: simulating fire and escape at sea

Galea, E.R, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Safer by design: simulating fire and escape at sea. In: The 1st International Conference Escape, Evacuation and Recovery, Survival from Ships and Offshore Structures, Lloyds List Events, 10-11 Mar 2004, London, UK.

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Abstract

When designing a new passenger ship or modifying an existing design, how do we ensure that the proposed design and crew emergency procedures are safe from an evacuation resulting from fire or other incident? In the wake of major maritime disasters such as the Scandinavian Star, Herald of Free Enterprise, Estonia and in light of the growth in the numbers of high density, high-speed ferries and large capacity cruise ships, issues concerning the evacuation of passengers and crew at sea are receiving renewed interest. Fire and evacuation models with features such as the ability to realistically simulate the spread of fire and fire suppression systems and the human response to fire as well as the capability to model human performance in heeled orientations linked to a virtual reality environment that produces realistic visualisations of the modelled scenarios are now available and can be used to aid the engineer in assessing ship design and procedures. This paper describes the maritimeEXODUS ship evacuation and the SMARTFIRE fire simulation model and provides an example application demonstrating the use of the models in performing fire and evacuation analysis for a large passenger ship partially based on the requirements of MSC circular 1033. The fire simulations include the action of a water mist system.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Paper)
Additional Information: [1] This paper was presented at the 1st International Conference Escape, Evacuation and Recovery, Survival from Ships and Offshore Structures held from 10-11 March 2004 in London, UK and organized by Lloyds List Events.
Uncontrolled Keywords: computer modelling, evacuation modelling, ship evacuation, fire modelling
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:01
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/718

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