An experimental and numerical CFD study of turbulence in a tundish container
Gardin, P., Brunet, M., Domgin, J.F. and Pericleous, K. (2002) An experimental and numerical CFD study of turbulence in a tundish container. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 26 (2). pp. 323-336. ISSN 0307-904XFull text not available from this repository.
This paper describes work performed at IRSID/USINOR in France and the University of Greenwich, UK, to investigate flow structures and turbulence in a water-model container, simulating aspects typical of metal tundish operation. Extensive mean and fluctuating velocity measurements were performed at IRSID using LDA to determine the flow field and these form the basis for a numerical model validation. This apparently simple problem poses several difficulties for the CFD modelling. The flow is driven by the strong impinging jet at the inlet. Accurate description of the jet is most important and requires a localized fine grid, but also a turbulence model that predicts the correct spreading rates of jet and impinging wall boundary layers. The velocities in the bulk of the tundish tend to be (indeed need to be) much smaller than those of the jet, leading to damping of turbulence, or even laminar flow. The authors have developed several low-Reynolds number (low-Re) k–var epsilon model variants to compute this flow and compare against measurements. Best agreement is obtained when turbulence damping is introduced to account not only for walls, but also for low-Re regions in the bulk – the k–var epsilon model otherwise allows turbulence to accumulate in the container due to the restricted outlet. Several damping functions are tested and the results reported here. The k–ω model, which is more suited to transitional flow, also seems to perform well in this problem.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||steelmaking, turbulence modelling, tundish, validation, water model|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics|
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
|School / Department / Research Groups:||School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Computational Science & Engineering Group|
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
|Last Modified:||09 Dec 2011 17:32|
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