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Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model

Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (4). pp. 327-357. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(00)00060-6)

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

When evacuating through fire environments, the presence of smoke may not only have a physiological impact on the evacuees but may also lead occupants to adapt their evacuation strategy through the adoption of another exit. This paper attempts to introduce this type of adaptive behaviour within the buildingEXODUS evacuation model through enabling occupants to make decisions concerning the selection of the most viable available exit during an evacuation involving fire. The development of this adaptive behaviour requires the introduction of several new capabilities namely, the representation of the occupants’ familiarity with the structure, the behaviour of an occupant that is engulfed in smoke and the behaviour of an occupant that is faced with a smoke barrier. The appropriateness of the redirection decision is dependent upon behavioural data gathered from real fire incidents (in the UK and USA) that is used to construct the redirection probabilities. The implementation is shown to provide a more complex and arguably more realistic representation of this behaviour than that provided previously.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] First published online: 25 May 2001 [2] Published in print: June 2001. [3] CMS Ref. No: 01/13.
Uncontrolled Keywords: human behaviour, evacuation modelling, evacuation, smoke, fire hazards, adaptive behaviour
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:00
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/477

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