Skip navigation

The shallow water approximation applied to the aluminium electrolysis process

The shallow water approximation applied to the aluminium electrolysis process

Leboucher, L., Bojarevics, V. and Pericleous, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-9999 (1999) The shallow water approximation applied to the aluminium electrolysis process. In: WIT Transactions on Modelling and Simulation: Moving Boundaries V. WIT Press, Southampton, UK, pp. 129-136. ISBN 978-1-85312-691-8 ISSN 1743-355X (doi:10.2495/MB990141)

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The industrial production of aluminium is an electrolysis process where two superposed horizontal liquid layers are subjected to a mainly vertical electric current supplied by carbon electrodes. The lower layer consists of molten aluminium and lies on the cathode. The upper layer is the electrolyte and is covered by the anode. The interface between the two layers is often perturbed, leading to oscillations, or waves, similar to the waves on the surface of seas or lakes. The presence of electric currents and the resulting magnetic field are responsible for electromagnetic (Lorentz) forces within the fluid, which can amplify these oscillations and have an adverse influence on the process.

The electrolytic bath vertical to horizontal aspect ratio is such, that it is advantageous to use the shallow water equations to model the interface motion. These are the depth-averaging the Navier-Stokes equations so that nonlinear and dispersion terms may be taken into account. Although these terms are essential to the prediction of wave dynamics, they are neglected in most of the literature on interface instabilities in aluminium reduction cells where only the linear theory is usually considered. The unknown variables are the two horizontal components of the fluid velocity, the height of the interface and the electric potential.

In this application, a finite volume resolution of the double-layer shallow water equations including the electromagnetic sources has been developed, for incorporation into a generic three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics code that also deals with heat transfer within the cell.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: WIT Transactions on Modelling and Simulation: Moving Boundaries V
Additional Information: 5th International Conference on Moving Boundaries, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 1999
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:00
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/352

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item