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Trade credit linkages along the supply chain: evidence for the Italian textile sector

Trade credit linkages along the supply chain: evidence for the Italian textile sector

Gueded, Jose and Mateus, Cesario (2009) Trade credit linkages along the supply chain: evidence for the Italian textile sector. In: European Financial Management Association 2009 Annual Meetings, 24-27 Jun 2009, Milan, Italy.

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Abstract

We examine the trade credit linkages among firms within a supply chain to reckon the effect of such linkages on the propagation of liquidity shocks from downstream to upstream firms. We choose a sample appropriate for this task, consisting of a large data set of Italian firms from the textile industry, a well known example of a comprehensive manufacturing cluster featuring a large number of small and specialized firms at each level of the supply chain.
The results of the analysis indicate that the level of trade credit that firms provide to their suppliers is positively related to the level of trade credit granted to their clients: when the level of trade credit granted to clients divided by sales goes up by 1, the level of trade credit provided to suppliers divided by cost-of goods-sold goes up by an amount that varies between 0,22 and 0,52. Since all firms along the chain are linked by trade credit relationships, an increase in the level of trade credit granted by wholesalers generates a liquidity cascade throughout the chain. We designate the overall increase in the level of trade credit among all firms in the chain as a result of a unitary impulse in the level of trade credit granted by wholesalers as the multiplier effect of trade credit for the industry chain. We estimate such multiplier to vary between 1.28 and 2.04.
We also investigate the effect of final demand on the level of trade credit sourced by firms at various levels of the chain and, in particular, whether such effect is amplified for firms further up in the chain as a result of liquidity propagation via trade credit linkages. We uncover evidence of such amplification when the links of liquidity transmission along the chain are individually modeled and estimated. An unitary increase in wholesalers’ sales is found to produce an effect on trade payables among firms at the top of the chain (i.e., Preparers and Spinners) that is more than twice as big as the corresponding effect among firms at the bottom of the chain (i.e., Wholesalers).

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: trade credit, liquidity shocks, supply chain, panel data
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Department of Accounting & Finance
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:06
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/2424

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