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Intergenerational perceptions of household wellbeing in India’s Western and Eastern Ghats

Intergenerational perceptions of household wellbeing in India’s Western and Eastern Ghats

Pattison-Williams, John, Haggar, Jeremy and Morton, John (2018) Intergenerational perceptions of household wellbeing in India’s Western and Eastern Ghats. World Development Perspectives, 10-12. pp. 51-57. ISSN 2452-2929 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.wdp.2018.09.005)

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Abstract

India is home to the largest number of people living in poverty in the world. To inform poverty alleviation strategies, we sought local insights on wellbeing trajectories from three generations of respondents in three communities in the Western and Eastern Ghats. An integrated thematic analysis was carried out using qualitative information from focus group discussions (FGDs) and a survey instrument. Overall, we found most households had a positive perspective regarding their wellbeing over time; when divided into research locations, the Odisha site (Jeypore) was the most optimistic, the Kerala site (Wayanad) had no consensus position, and the Tamil Nadu site (Kolli Hills) was most pessimistic. Scheduled tribe (ST) and non-ST households were similar in their wellbeing perceptions despite the ongoing social and economic marginalization of ST households. Common negative events experienced were health (death or alcoholism) and climate disasters (drought or flooding), and common positive events were asset inheritance or government schemes. An important insight was changing importance of events between generations: elder generations valued labour migration, interim generations valued asset inheritance, and the current generation valued government schemes. We conclude that significant events play a major role in wellbeing perceptions among these communities, and understanding the evolving forms of significant events between generations can provide insights towards designing effective poverty alleviation strategies for the future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wellbeing; intergenerational; trajectory; India; poverty; significant events
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Development Studies Research Group
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2018 15:02
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/21926

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