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Dietary anthocyanins and insulin resistance: When food becomes a medicine

Dietary anthocyanins and insulin resistance: When food becomes a medicine

Belwal, Tarun, Nabavi, Seyed Fazel, Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad and Habtemariam, Solomon (2017) Dietary anthocyanins and insulin resistance: When food becomes a medicine. Nutrients, 9 (10):1111. ISSN 2072-6643 (doi:10.3390/nu9101111)

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Abstract

Insulin resistance is an abnormal physiological state that occurs when insulin from pancreatic β-cells is unable to trigger a signal transduction pathway in target organs such as the liver, muscles and adipose tissues. The loss of insulin sensitivity is generally associated with persistent hyperglycemia (diabetes), hyperinsulinemia, fatty acids and/or lipid dysregulation which are often prevalent under obesity conditions. Hence, insulin sensitizers are one class of drugs currently employed to treat diabetes and associated metabolic disorders. A number of natural products that act through multiple mechanisms have also been identified to enhance insulin sensitivity in target organs. One group of such compounds that gained interest in recent years are the dietary anthocyanins. Data from their in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies are scrutinized in this communication to show their potential health benefit through ameliorating insulin resistance. Specific mechanism of action ranging from targeting specific signal transduction receptors/enzymes to the general antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of insulin resistance are presented

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: dietary anthocyanins; insulin resistance; diabetes; obesity
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2018 10:06
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/18880

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