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Using elemental chemostratigraphy on Mid-Late Frasnian platform-top successions from the Lennard Shelf outcrops, Canning Basin, Western Australia.

Using elemental chemostratigraphy on Mid-Late Frasnian platform-top successions from the Lennard Shelf outcrops, Canning Basin, Western Australia.

Ratcliffe, Kenneth, Playton, Ted E., Montgomery, Paul, Wray, David ORCID: 0000-0002-0799-2730, Caulfield-Kerney, Samuel, Tohver, Eric, Hocking, Roger M, Haines, Peter W, Kirschvink, Joseph and Yan, Maodu (2017) Using elemental chemostratigraphy on Mid-Late Frasnian platform-top successions from the Lennard Shelf outcrops, Canning Basin, Western Australia. In: Playton, Ted E., Kerans, Charles and Weissenberger, John A.W., (eds.) New advances in Devonian carbonates: outcrop analogues, reservoirs and chronostratigraphy. SEPM Special Publication (107). SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), pp. 319-331. ISBN 978-1565763449 (doi:10.2110/sepmsp.107.03)

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Abstract

High-resolution chronostratigraphic correlation using elemental chemostratigraphy in platform carbonates is typically difficult to achieve. Here, elemental chemostratigraphy is used to correlate between two platform-top, carbonate-dominated field sections from the narrow Lennard Shelf that existed on the NE margin of the Canning Basin, Western Australia, during the mid–late Frasnian. The correlation, constrained by magnetic polarity reversals and physical ground truthing, is based on recognition of distinctive cyclical ‘‘stacking patterns’’ defined by changes in concentrations of the trace element zirconium (Zr). Zr concentrations are controlled by the amount of the heavy mineral zircon in the sediments, which is derived from a terrigenous source and is diagenetically very stable. The stacking patterns in the lower part of the study sections display gradually upward-increasing values of Zr to a maximum, followed by an almost immediate fall to a minimum. In the upper part of the study interval, the cycles are more symmetrical, with both gradually increasing and decreasing portions. The point at which the change in Zr stacking pattern occurs in the two sections is synchronous and occurs in association with a supersequence maximum flooding surface. The correlation based on maximum and minimum Zr values throughout the two sections is demonstrated to be chronostratigraphic by comparison with correlations based upon paleomagnetism and physical ground truthing.

When element ratios commonly used as provenance and paleoclimate proxies are plotted, the variations between closely spaced samples are greater than any systematic variations throughout the study intervals. Therefore, no isochemical chemozones can be defined, implying that during deposition of the study intervals, there were no long-lived changes in sediment provenance or paleoclimate that the elemental chemistry can detect.

The work presented here shows that the standard approach of defining isochemical chemozones for chemostratigraphic correlation is not always appropriate. However, an approach using cyclical changes in elemental variables for chemostratigraphic correlation between two closely spaced sections is chronostratigraphically valid. The greater challenge is in application of the same approach to more widely spaced sections, potentially in different facies of a carbonate setting.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: The attached author e-print is distributed freely by the authors of this article. It is not for resale.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemostratigraphy, Mixed carbonate–siliciclastic sequences, Canning Basin, Lennard Shelf, Attached platform
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QE Geology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Materials & Analysis Research Group
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2018 21:40
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: GREAT a
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/17936

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