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Organic geochemical study of the upper layer of aleksinac oil shale in the Dubrava Block, Serbia

Organic geochemical study of the upper layer of aleksinac oil shale in the Dubrava Block, Serbia

Gajica, Gordana, Sajnovic, Aleksandra, Stojanovic, Ksenija, Kostic, Aleksandar, Slipper, Ian J., Antonijevic, Milan, Nytoft, Hans Peter and Jovancicevic, Branimir (2017) Organic geochemical study of the upper layer of aleksinac oil shale in the Dubrava Block, Serbia. Oil Shale, 34 (4). ISSN 0208-189X (Print), 1736-7492 (Online) (doi:10.3176/oil.2017.3.01)

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Abstract

A detailed evaluation of geochemical properties of oil shale samples from the outcrops of the Lower Miocene Upper layer in the Dubrava area (Aleksinac basin, Serbia) was performed. For that purpose XRD analysis, Rock Eval pyrolysis, GC-MS analysis of biomarkers and conventional pyrolysis in an autoclave were used.

Most of the samples have similar mineral composition with predominance of clay and feldspar minerals. Three samples are characterised by elevated content of carbonates, and among them one sample has notable prevalence of this mineral group. This sample also demonstrated certain differences in biomarker distribution.

In most of the samples organic matter (OM) consists predominantly of type I and II kerogen, showing high oil generative potential, whereas three samples which contain type II kerogen with certain input of type III kerogen demonstrated potential to produce both, oil and gas. The OM of all samples is immature and corresponding to vitrinite reflectance of ~0.40 %. Biomarker patterns along with Rock-Eval data indicated a strong contribution of aquatic organisms such as green and brown algae and bacteria with some influence of higher plants OM. The OM was deposited in reducing lacustrine alkaline brackish to freshwater environment under warm climate conditions. Preservation of OM was governed by stratification of the water column rather than its height. Tectonic movements that caused regional tilting of an investigated area and supported minor marine ingression and influx of fresh water played an important role in formation of the sediments.

Conventional pyrolytic experiments confirmed that these sediments at catagenetic stage could be a significant source of liquid hydrocarbons.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil shale, Mineral composition, Hydrocarbon potential, Biomarkers, Pyrolysis, Aleksinac, Serbia
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QE Geology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 09:50
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/17383

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