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Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky

Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky

Kamanula, John F., Belmain, Steven R., Hall, David R., Farman, Dudley I., Goyder, David J., Mvumi, Brighton M., Masumbu, Friday F. and Stevenson, Philip C. (2017) Chemical variation and insecticidal activity of Lippia javanica (Burm. F.) Spreng essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. Industrial Crops and Products, 110. pp. 75-82. ISSN 0926-6690 (doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.036)

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Abstract

Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Spreng is used commercially as an herbal tea and medicinal plant in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we investigated the chemical variation and pesticidal potential of L. javanica essential oils against a major stored product pest, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. We identified two morphologically distinct varieties of L. javanica growing at different locations in Malawi. Perillaldehyde was the major constituent in oil of L. javanica var. javanica while myrcenone (ipsdienone) was the major compound in oils of L. javanica var. whytei. Myrcene, linalool, carvone, β-caryophyllene and germacrene D were identified as the other most significant components in oils from both varieties. The yields of oil and the chemical composition also varied significantly with time of harvest during the season in both cases. In contact toxicity tests against S. zeamais, oils from both varieties were active. However, whereas perillaldehyde, linalool and carvone, components of the oil of L. javanica var. javanica, were all toxic against adult S. zeamais, myrcenone, the main component of oil from L. javanica var. whytei, was not. The oil from L. javanica var. javanica also showed some fumigant toxicity against S. zeamais. The high efficacy of L. javanica oil against S. zeamais suggests it is suitable to be used as a botanical insecticide to control S. zeamais in stored maize. However, further research is required to optimise and standardise the variety and harvest time to be recommended and to evaluate its activity against S. zeamais and other storage insect pests under farm conditions before it can be adopted by farmers more widely.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemotype; Myrcenone; Ipsdienone; Perillaldehyde; Botanical pesticide; Pest management
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Chemical Ecology Research Group
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Pest Behaviour Research Group
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2018 12:00
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: GREAT d
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/17368

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