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Enhancement of accelerated carbonation of alkaline waste residues by ultrasound

Enhancement of accelerated carbonation of alkaline waste residues by ultrasound

Araizi, Paris K., Hills, Colin D., Maries, Alan, Gunning, Peter J. and Wray, David S. ORCID: 0000-0002-0799-2730 (2016) Enhancement of accelerated carbonation of alkaline waste residues by ultrasound. Waste Management, 50. pp. 121-129. ISSN 0956-053X (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2016.01.006)

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Abstract

The continuous growth of anthropogenic CO2 emissions into the atmosphere and the disposal of hazardous wastes into landfills present serious economic and environmental issues. Reaction of CO2 with alkaline residues or cementitius materials, known as accelerated carbonation, occurs rapidly under ambient temperature and pressure and is a proven and effective process of sequestering the gas. Moreover, further improvement of the reaction efficiency would increase the amount of CO2 that could be permanently sequestered into solid products. This paper examines the potential of enhancing the accelerated carbonation of air pollution control residues, cement bypass dust and ladle slag by applying ultrasound at various water-to-solid (w/s) ratios. Experimental results showed that application of ultrasound increased the CO2 uptake by up to four times at high w/s ratios, whereas the reactivity at low water content showed little change compared with controls. Upon sonication, the particle size of the waste residues decreased and the amount of calcite precipitates increased. Finally, the sonicated particles exhibited a rounded morphology when observed by scanning electron microscopy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Accelerated carbonation; Ultrasound; Carbon sequestration; Waste disposal; Alkaline residues
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Materials & Analysis Research Group
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2018 01:38
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/17058

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