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Tourism Policies

Tourism Policies

Chaperon, Samantha (2017) Tourism Policies. The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Travel and Tourism. Sage, London. ISBN 978-1483368948

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Abstract

Policy-making is concerned with planning for the future and involves hypothesizing about future circumstances and deciding how to achieve certain goals. A public policy is a statement of intent; it sets out desired future conditions and presents the guiding principles for decision-making to achieve these conditions. Public policy-making is usually considered the role of government and is termed ‘public’ policy-making because government agencies are responsible for implementing the policy decisions. A public policy statement or document is the formal expression of a course of action that government chooses to address a given problem. This means that public policies are essentially about whatever a government’s position is on an issue and what they choose to do. It is important to note that a public policy statement can also be the articulation of what government chooses not to do; policies are about commitments to action and to non-action. Furthermore, policy statements can be pro-active measures, made in anticipation of future changes and needs, and should not only be seen as reactive efforts to solve contemporary problems.

Public policy-making is intrinsically a political activity; it is carried out within the formal structures of government and influenced by features of the political system. The direction of the allocation of public resources will follow public policy decisions and so it is through public policy-making that politicians can seek to represent their electorate and make a difference. Public policy is the position adopted by government on an issue, which has been influenced by the contesting values, ideologies and agendas of the political actors involved in policy-making, the distribution of power between these political actors in the policy arena, and which is also affected more broadly by the economic, social and cultural characteristics of society.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tourism policy; Tourism
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of Marketing, Events & Tourism
Faculty of Business > Tourism Research Centre
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2017 15:47
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16707

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